keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hunger

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#1
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102502/examining-nutritional-adequacy-and-dietary-diversity-among-women-in-niger
#2
Nafissatou Cisse-Egbuonye, Ariun Ishdorj, E L J McKyer, Rahma Mkuu
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the nutritional adequacy and dietary composition among women residing in Zinder and Maradi of Niger, and the factors that affect the variety of their dietary intake. Methods Data from 3360 women of ages 15-49 were used in the analysis. The variable of interest was the Women Dietary Diversity Score (WDDS), which is the simple sum of scores of the 9 categorized food groups, ranging from 0 to 9. Lower values for WDDS indicate nutritionally inadequate dietary diversity...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098139/appetite-responses-to-high-fat-meals-or-diets-of-varying-fatty-acid-composition-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
S Kaviani, J A Cooper
Dietary fatty acids (FA) act as signaling molecules with diverse effects on physiologic function. The aim of this article is to review and summarize the clinical human studies in the literature on how dietary FA composition in meals and diets affects hunger and satiety signaling in the body. Studies examining FA saturation (monounsaturated (MUFA), saturated or polyunsaturated (PUFA) FAs) or FA chain length from high-fat meals/diets were included. Measures of appetite included visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires, appetite hormones (Cholecystokinin (CCK), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), gastric insulinotropic polypeptide gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP), ghrelin, leptin, insulin) and/or energy intake (EI) data...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096535/genetics-of-ancestry-specific-risk-for-relapse-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#4
S E Karol, E Larsen, C Cheng, X Cao, W Yang, L B Ramsey, C A Fernandez, J R McCorkle, S W Paugh, R J Autry, E Lopez-Lopez, B Diouf, S Jeha, C-H Pui, E A Raetz, N J Winick, W L Carroll, S P Hunger, M L Loh, M Devidas, W E Evans, J J Yang, M V Relling
The causes of individual relapses in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain incompletely understood. We evaluated the contribution of germline genetic factors to relapse in 2225 children treated on Children's Oncology Group trial AALL0232. We identified 302 germline single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with relapse after adjusting for treatment and ancestry and 715 additional SNPs associated with relapse in an ancestry-specific manner. We tested for replication of these relapse-associated SNPs in external data sets of antileukemic drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and an independent clinical cohort...
January 18, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093902/making-sense-of-metabolic-obesity-and-hedonic-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Yu Yi-Hao
Body weight is neither stationary nor changing unidirectionally. It usually oscillates up and down around a set-point. Two types of forces determine the direction of weight changes. Forces that push body weight away from the set-point are defined as non-homeostatic and are governed by multiple mechanisms, including but not limited to hedonic regulation of food intake. Forces that restore the set-point weight are defined as homeostatic, and they operate through the mechanisms that regulate short-term energy balance driven by hunger and satiation and long-term energy balance driven by changes in adiposity...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090653/genome-wide-study-links-pnpla3-variant-with-elevated-hepatic-transaminase-after-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-therapy
#6
Yiwei Liu, Christian A Fernandez, Colton Smith, Wenjian Yang, Cheng Cheng, John C Panetta, Nancy Kornegay, Chengcheng Liu, Laura B Ramsey, Seth E Karol, Laura J Janke, Eric C Larsen, Naomi Winick, William L Carroll, Mignon L Loh, Elizabeth A Raetz, Stephen P Hunger, Meenakshi Devidas, Jun J Yang, Charles G Mullighan, Jinghui Zhang, William E Evans, Sima Jeha, Ching-Hon Pui, Mary V Relling
Remission induction therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) includes medications that may cause hepatotoxicity, including asparaginase. We used a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify loci associated with elevated alanine transaminase (ALT) levels after induction therapy in children with ALL enrolled on St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (SJCRH) protocols. Germline DNA was genotyped using arrays and exome sequencing. Adjusting for age, body mass index, ancestry, asparaginase preparation and dosage, the PNPLA3 rs738409 (C>G) I148M variant, previously associated with fatty liver disease risk, had the strongest genetic association with ALT (P = 2...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089707/understanding-infant-eating-behaviour-lessons-learned-from-observation
#7
REVIEW
Marion M Hetherington
Observations of human infants during feeding presents a rich source of data to identify the ways in which hunger, appetite and satiety are communicated in early life. Infants signal appetite through their interest or disinterest in food using a series of communication cues from rapid and transient facial expressions to subtle or potent gestures and bodily movements through to vocalisations and eventually speech. Even in the first days of life facial expressions in response to basic tastes are clearly demonstrated and shared between human infants, other primates and the rat...
January 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081519/interoception-and-psychopathology-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Jennifer Murphy, Rebecca Brewer, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Interoception refers to the perception of the physiological condition of the body, including hunger, temperature, and heart rate. There is a growing appreciation that interoception is integral to higher-order cognition. Indeed, existing research indicates an association between low interoceptive sensitivity and alexithymia (a difficulty identifying one's own emotion), underscoring the link between bodily and emotional awareness. Despite this appreciation, the developmental trajectory of interoception across the lifespan remains under-researched, with clear gaps in our understanding...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079072/physiology-how-alcohol-ramps-up-hunger-signals
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078821/collateral-fattening-when-a-deficit-in-lean-body-mass-drives-overeating
#10
EDITORIAL
Abdul G Dulloo
In his last review entitled "Some Adventures in Body Composition," Gilbert Forbes reminded us that "lean body mass and body fat are in a sense companions." To what extent the lean body mass (or fat-free mass) component in this companionship impacts on energy intake is rarely a topic for discussion, amid a dominant adipocentric view of appetite control. Yet an analysis of the few human studies that have investigated the relationships between objectively measured food intake and body composition reveals a potentially important role for both an increase and a decrease in fat-free mass in the drive to eat...
January 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#11
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074888/a-review-of-the-carbohydrate-insulin-model-of-obesity
#12
REVIEW
K D Hall
The carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity theorizes that diets high in carbohydrate are particularly fattening due to their propensity to elevate insulin secretion. Insulin directs the partitioning of energy toward storage as fat in adipose tissue and away from oxidation by metabolically active tissues and purportedly results in a perceived state of cellular internal starvation. In response, hunger and appetite increases and metabolism is suppressed, thereby promoting the positive energy balance associated with the development of obesity...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072397/agrp-neuron-activity-is-required-for-alcohol-induced-overeating
#13
Sarah Cains, Craig Blomeley, Mihaly Kollo, Romeo Rácz, Denis Burdakov
Alcohol intake associates with overeating in humans. This overeating is a clinical concern, but its causes are puzzling, because alcohol (ethanol) is a calorie-dense nutrient, and calorie intake usually suppresses brain appetite signals. The biological factors necessary for ethanol-induced overeating remain unclear, and societal causes have been proposed. Here we show that core elements of the brain's feeding circuits-the hypothalamic Agrp neurons that are normally activated by starvation and evoke intense hunger-display electrical and biochemical hyperactivity on exposure to dietary doses of ethanol in brain slices...
January 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071649/effect-of-shortened-sleep-on-energy-expenditure-core-body-temperature-and-appetite-a-human-randomised-crossover-trial
#14
Masanobu Hibi, Chie Kubota, Tomohito Mizuno, Sayaka Aritake, Yuki Mitsui, Mitsuhiro Katashima, Sunao Uchida
The effects of sleep restriction on energy metabolism and appetite remain controversial. We examined the effects of shortened sleep duration on energy metabolism, core body temperature (CBT), and appetite profiles. Nine healthy men were evaluated in a randomised crossover study under two conditions: a 3.5-h sleep duration and a 7-h sleep duration for three consecutive nights followed by one 7-h recovery sleep night. The subjects' energy expenditure (EE), substrate utilisation, and CBT were continually measured for 48 h using a whole-room calorimeter...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069076/effects-of-whole-grain-rye-porridge-with-added-inulin-and-wheat-gluten-on-appetite-gut-fermentation-and-postprandial-glucose-metabolism-a-randomised-cross-over-breakfast-study
#15
Isabella Lee, Lin Shi, Dominic-Luc Webb, Per M Hellström, Ulf Risérus, Rikard Landberg
Whole-grain rye foods reduce appetite, insulin and sometimes glucose responses. Increased gut fermentation and plant protein may mediate the effect. The aims of the present study were to investigate whether the appetite-suppressing effects of whole-grain rye porridge could be enhanced by replacing part of the rye with fermented dietary fibre and plant protein, and to explore the role of gut fermentation on appetite and metabolic responses over 8 h. We conducted a randomised, cross-over study using two rye porridges (40 and 55 g), three 40-g rye porridges with addition of inulin:gluten (9:3; 6:6; 3:9 g) and a refined wheat bread control (55 g), served as part of complete breakfasts...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068294/canine-olfaction-as-an-alternative-to-analytical-instruments-for-disease-diagnosis-understanding-dog-personality-to-achieve-reproducible-results
#16
Klaus Hackner, Joachim Pleil
Recent literature has touted the use of canine olfaction as a diagnostic tool for identifying pre-clinical disease status, especially cancer and infection from biological media samples. Studies have shown a wide range of outcomes, ranging from almost perfect discrimination, all the way to essentially random results. This disparity is not likely to be a detection issue; dogs have been shown to have extremely sensitive noses as proven by their use for tracking, bomb detection and search and rescue. However, in contrast to analytical instruments, dogs are subject to boredom, fatigue, hunger and external distractions...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065829/medullary-reticular-neurons-mediate-neuropeptide-y-induced-metabolic-inhibition-and-mastication
#17
Yoshiko Nakamura, Yuchio Yanagawa, Shaun F Morrison, Kazuhiro Nakamura
Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) elicits hunger responses to increase the chances of surviving starvation: an inhibition of metabolism and an increase in feeding. Here we elucidate a key central circuit mechanism through which hypothalamic NPY signals drive these hunger responses. GABAergic neurons in the intermediate and parvicellular reticular nuclei (IRt/PCRt) of the medulla oblongata, which are activated by NPY-triggered neural signaling from the hypothalamus, potentially through the nucleus tractus solitarius, mediate the NPY-induced inhibition of metabolic thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) via their innervation of BAT sympathetic premotor neurons...
January 4, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063876/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-study-the-effects-of-breakfast-on-energy-intake-physical-activity-and-body-fat-in-women-who-are-nonhabitual-breakfast-eaters
#18
Gabrielle Marie LeCheminant, James D LeCheminant, Larry A Tucker, Bruce W Bailey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of eating breakfast on energy intake, physical activity, body weight, and body fat in women who are nonhabitual breakfast eaters over a four-week period. METHODS: Forty-nine women who were nonhabitual breakfast-eaters were randomized to one of two conditions: breakfast or no breakfast. Breakfast eaters were required to eat at least 15% of their daily energy requirement before 8:30 a.m. Non-breakfast eaters did not consume any energy until after 11:30 a...
January 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056655/age-related-changes-in-gustatory-homeostatic-reward-and-memory-processing-of-sweet-taste-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-fmri-study
#19
Aaron Jacobson, Erin Green, Lori Haase, Jacquelyn Szajer, Claire Murphy
Age affects the human taste system at peripheral and central levels. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risk factors (e.g., abdominal obesity and hypertension) that co-occur, increase with age, and heighten risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cognitive decline. Little is known about how age, metabolic syndrome, and hunger state interact to influence how the brain processes information about taste. We investigated brain activation during the hedonic evaluation of a pleasant, nutritive stimulus (sucrose) within regions critical for taste, homeostatic energy regulation, and reward, as a function of the interactions among age, metabolic syndrome, and hunger condition...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053201/evidence-that-supports-the-prescription-of-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diets-a-narrative-review
#20
Timothy David Noakes, Johann Windt
Low-carbohydrate high-fat (LCHF) diets are a highly contentious current topic in nutrition. This narrative review aims to provide clinicians with a broad overview of the effects of LCHF diets on body weight, glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk factors while addressing some common concerns and misconceptions. Blood total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations show a variable, highly individual response to LCHF diets, and should be monitored in patients adhering to this diet. In contrast, available evidence from clinical and preclinical studies indicates that LCHF diets consistently improve all other markers of cardiovascular risk-lowering elevated blood glucose, insulin, triglyceride, ApoB and saturated fat (especially palmitoleic acid) concentrations, reducing small dense LDL particle numbers, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, blood pressure and body weight while increasing low HDL-cholesterol concentrations and reversing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
15461
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"