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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215543/the-mediating-role-of-child-self-regulation-of-eating-in-the-relationship-between-parental-use-of-food-as-a-reward-and-child-emotional-overeating
#1
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Daphne Hernandez
Emotional eating, or eating in response to negative emotions rather than internal hunger cues, has been related to many maladaptive eating patterns that contribute to weight gain and obesity. The parent feeding practice of use of food as a reward is positively associated with children emotionally overeating. Yet, little is known as to the potential behavioral mechanism linking these behaviors. The current study examined the mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209154/factors-associated-with-child-hunger-among-food-insecure-households-in-bangladesh
#2
Md Ahshanul Haque, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Sabiha Sultana, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L Waid, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Hunger is associated with food insecurity at the household level and is considered as a global public health problem with long term adverse consequences on children's health. This study aims to determine the factors associated with child hunger from a nationally representative sample in Bangladesh among food insecure households. METHODS: Data was derived from the Food Security and Nutritional Surveillance Project; 14,712 children aged 6-59 months belonging to food insecure households contributed to the analysis...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207527/zhibitai-and-low-dose-atorvastatin-reduce-blood-lipids-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Yuhong Zhao, Ran Peng, Wang Zhao, Qiong Liu, Yuan Guo, Shuiping Zhao, Danyan Xu
BACKGROUND: Atorvastatin decreases blood lipids but is associated with side effects. Zhibitai is a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat blood lipid disorders. The objective of this study is to evaluate the lipid-lowering effect, antiinflammatory effect, and adverse events of zhibitai combined to atorvastatin in patients with coronary heart diseases (CHDs). METHODS: Patients with CHD (n = 150) were randomized to: zhibitai 480 mg + atorvastatin 10 mg (ZA10 group), atorvastatin 20 mg (A20 group), and atorvastatin 40 mg (A40 group)...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197748/a-pilot-study-on-the-effects-of-slow-paced-breathing-on-current-food-craving
#4
Adrian Meule, Andrea Kübler
Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) involves slow paced breathing (approximately six breaths per minute), thereby maximizing low-frequent heart rate oscillations and baroreflex gain. Mounting evidence suggests that HRV-BF promotes symptom reductions in a variety of physical and mental disorders. It may also positively affect eating behavior by reducing food cravings. The aim of the current study was to investigate if slow paced breathing can be useful for attenuating momentary food craving. Female students performed paced breathing either at six breaths per minute (n = 32) or at nine breaths per minute (n = 33) while watching their favorite food on the computer screen...
February 14, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197123/altered-regional-gray-matter-volume-in-obese-men-a-structural-mri-study
#5
Bin Zhang, Xiao Tian, Derun Tian, Jinhong Wang, Qiming Wang, Chunshui Yu, Chunbo Li, Jijun Wang
Obesity is associated with a number of health problems, especial insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. Our previous study showed that obese males had decreased neural activity in the orbital frontal cortex (OFC) and increased activity in the left putamen (Zhang et al., 2015b), which could indicate altered eating behaviors in obesity related to a hyper-functioning striatum and hypo-functioning inhibitory control. Accordingly, our goal of the current study was to determine whether there are alterations in the brain structures within these two neural systems in obese individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195823/clinical-safety-of-bariatric-arterial-embolization-preliminary-results-of-the-beat-obesity-trial
#6
Clifford R Weiss, Olaguoke Akinwande, Kaylan Paudel, Lawrence J Cheskin, Brian Holly, Kelvin Hong, Aaron M Fischman, Rahul S Patel, Eun J Shin, Kimberley E Steele, Timothy H Moran, Kristen Kaiser, Amie Park, David M Shade, Dara L Kraitchman, Aravind Arepally
Purpose To conduct a pilot prospective clinical trial to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and short-term efficacy of bariatric embolization, a recently developed endovascular procedure for the treatment of obesity, in patients with severe obesity. Materials and Methods This is an institutional review board- and U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved prospective physician-initiated investigational device exemption study. This phase of the study ran from June 2, 2014, to August 4, 2015. Five severely obese patients (four women, one man) who were 31-49 years of age and who had a mean body mass index of 43...
January 17, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195528/sustainable-diets-within-sustainable-food-systems
#7
Alexandre Meybeck, Vincent Gitz
Sustainable diets and sustainable food systems are increasingly explored by diverse scientific disciplines. They are also recognised by the international community and called upon to orient action towards the eradication of hunger and malnutrition and the fulfilment of sustainable development goals. The aim of the present paper is to briefly consider some of the links between these two notions in order to facilitate the operationalisation of the concept of sustainable diet. The concept of sustainable diet was defined in 2010 combining two totally different perspectives: a nutrition perspective, focused on individuals, and a global sustainability perspective, in all its dimensions: environmental, economic and social...
February 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181816/induction-of-oxidants-distinguishes-susceptibility-of-prostate-carcinoma-cell-lines-to-p53-gene-transfer-mediated-by-an-improved-adenoviral-vector
#8
Rodrigo E Tamura, Aline Hunger, Denise Fernandes, Francisco Laurindo, Eugenia Costanzi-Strauss, Bryan E Strauss
Previously, we developed an adenoviral vector, Ad-PG, where transgene expression is regulated by a p53-responsive promoter. When used to transfer the p53 cDNA, a positive feedback mechanism is established. Here we perform a critical comparison between Ad-PGp53 and AdRGD-PGp53, where the RGD motif was incorporated in the adenoviral fiber protein. AdRGD-PGp53 provided superior transgene expression levels and resulted in the killing of prostate carcinoma cell lines DU145 and PC3. In vitro, this effect was associated with increased production of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial oxidants, DNA damage as revealed by detection of phosphorylated H2AX as well as cell death consistent with apoptosis...
February 9, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178561/the-hunger-games-salmonella-anorexia-and-nlrp3
#9
Luke A J O'Neill
Rao and colleagues (2017) reveal how Salmonella limits anorexia in mice, protecting them and promoting the spread of infection. The mechanism involves inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome limiting vagal nerve stimulation by IL-1β, which in turn promotes appetite. A possible new therapeutic approach for treating anorexia in multiple diseases is proposed.
February 7, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176035/the-relationship-between-intuitive-eating-and-postpartum-weight-loss
#10
Katie Leahy, Kristoffer S Berlin, Gabrielle G Banks, Jessica Bachman
Objective Postpartum weight loss is challenging for new mothers who report limited time and difficulties following traditional weight loss methods. Intuitive eating (IE) is a behavior that includes eating based on physical hunger and fullness and may have a role in encouraging weight loss. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between IE and postpartum weight loss. Methods Women 12-18 months postpartum completed a questionnaire regarding weight changes surrounding pregnancy, exercise, breastfeeding and intuitive eating using the Intuitive Eating Scale...
February 7, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167151/validation-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-for-pregnant-women
#11
Sajeevika Saumali Daundasekara, Anitra Danielle Beasley, Daniel Patrick O'Connor, McClain Sampson, Daphne Hernandez, Tracey Ledoux
Pre-pregnancy maladaptive eating behaviors have predicted inadequate or excess gestational weight gain and poor dietary intake during pregnancy, but little is known about effects of pre-pregnancy adaptive eating behaviors on pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to produce a valid and reliable measure of adaptive pre-pregnancy eating behaviors for pregnant women using the Intuitive Eating Scale. Data were collected from 266 pregnant women, aged 18 and older who were attending a private prenatal clinic at Texas Children's Hospital Pavilion for Women in Houston, TX using self-administered questionnaires...
February 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166797/impact-of-physical-activity-level-and-dietary-fat-content-on-passive-overconsumption-of-energy-in-non-obese-adults
#12
Kristine Beaulieu, Mark Hopkins, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Passive overconsumption is the increase in energy intake driven by the high-fat energy-dense food environment. This can be explained in part because dietary fat has a weaker effect on satiation (i.e. process that terminates feeding). Habitually active individuals show improved satiety (i.e. process involved in post-meal suppression of hunger) but any improvement in satiation is unknown. Here we examined whether habitual physical activity mitigates passive overconsumption through enhanced satiation in response to a high-fat meal...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164816/international-comparisons-in-underserved-health-issues-policies-needs-and-projections
#13
REVIEW
Paul Hutchinson, Vincent Morelli
Health care globally has made great strides; for example, there are lower rates of infant and maternal mortality. Increased incomes have led to lower rates of diseases accompanying poverty and hunger. There has been a shift away from the infectious diseases so deadly in developing nations toward first-world conditions. This article presents health care statistics across age groups and geographic areas to help the primary care physician understand these changes. There is a special focus on underserved populations...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160091/mediation-of-psychosocial-determinants-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-status-and-adolescents-diet-quality
#14
Nathalie Michels, Lisa Vynckier, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Alex de la O, Maria Forsner, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Isabel Iguacel, Antonio Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Catherine Leclercq, Yannis Manios, Ascension Marcos, Denes Molnar, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: To examine the underlying reasons for the positive relation between socio-economic status (SES) and the diet quality of adolescents. METHODS: In 2081 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) of the European HELENA study, a continuous variable on diet quality via 2-day 24-h recalls was available. SES was reflected by parental education, parental occupation and family affluence. Mediation by several psychosocial determinants was tested: self-efficacy, availability at school and home, social support, barriers, benefits, awareness and some self-reported influencers (parents, school, taste, health, friends, food readily available, easy preparation, hunger, price and habits)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154977/sex-differences-in-the-response-of-total-pyy-and-glp-1-to-moderate-intensity-continuous-and-sprint-interval-cycling-exercise
#15
Tom J Hazell, Logan K Townsend, Jillian R Hallworth, Jon Doan, Jennifer L Copeland
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are often less effective at improving body composition for females than males, potentially due to post-exercise hormonal responses that increase energy intake in females. Recently, sprint interval training was shown to effectively reduce body fat in females despite being relatively low during exercise energy expenditure. PURPOSE: To determine whether any sex difference in total PYY, GLP-1 or perceived hunger exists following moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICT) and sprint interval exercise (SIT) METHODS: Twenty-one active participants (11 females) participated in three sessions in a randomized crossover design: (1) MICT, 30-min cycling at 65% VO2max; (2) SIT, 6 × 30 s "all-out" sprints with 4-min recovery periods; (3) control (CTRL; no exercise)...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149990/trimethylamine-n-oxide-its-hydration-structure-surface-activity-and-biological-function-viewed-by-vibrational-spectroscopy-and-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#16
Tatsuhiko Ohto, Johannes Hunger, Ellen H G Backus, Wataru Mizukami, Mischa Bonn, Yuki Nagata
The osmolyte molecule trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) stabilizes the structure of proteins. As functional proteins are generally found in aqueous solutions, an important aspect of this stabilization is the interaction of TMAO with water. Here, we review, using vibrational spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations, recent studies on the structure and dynamics of TMAO with its surrounding water molecules. This article ends with an outlook on the open questions on TMAO-protein and TMAO-urea interactions in aqueous environments...
February 2, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148682/dietary-protein-modifies-the-effect-of-the-mc4r-genotype-on-2-year-changes-in-appetite-and-food-craving-the-pounds-lost-trial
#17
Tao Huang, Yan Zheng, Adela Hruby, Donald A Williamson, George A Bray, Yiru Shen, Frank M Sacks, Lu Qi
BACKGROUND: The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of appetite and eating behavior. Variants in the MC4R gene have been related to appetite and obesity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether weight-loss diets modified the effect of the "obesity-predisposing" MC4R genotype on appetite-related measures in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: A total of 811 overweight and obese subjects [25 ≤ body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) ≤ 40] aged 30-70 y were included in the 2-y POUNDS Lost (Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies) trial...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148502/intragastric-infusion-of-denatonium-benzoate-attenuates-interdigestive-gastric-motility-and-hunger-scores-in-healthy-female-volunteers
#18
Eveline Deloose, Pieter Janssen, Maura Corsetti, Jessica Biesiekierski, Imke Masuy, Alessandra Rotondo, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Inge Depoortere, Jan Tack
BACKGROUND: Denatonium benzoate (DB) has been shown to influence ongoing ingestive behavior and gut peptide secretion. OBJECTIVE: We studied how the intragastric administration of DB affects interdigestive motility, motilin and ghrelin plasma concentrations, hunger and satiety ratings, and food intake in healthy volunteers. DESIGN: Lingual bitter taste sensitivity was tested with the use of 6 concentrations of DB in 65 subjects. A placebo or 1 μmol DB/kg was given intragastrically to assess its effect on fasting gastrointestinal motility and hunger ratings, motilin and ghrelin plasma concentrations, satiety, and caloric intake...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146063/consuming-two-eggs-per-day-as-compared-to-an-oatmeal-breakfast-decreases-plasma-ghrelin-while-maintaining-the-ldl-hdl-ratio
#19
Amanda Missimer, Diana M DiMarco, Catherine J Andersen, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Maria Luz Fernandez
Eggs contain high quality protein, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, yet regular consumption is still met with uncertainty. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of consuming two eggs per day or a heart-healthy oatmeal breakfast on biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and satiety measures in a young, healthy population. Fifty subjects participated in a randomized crossover clinical intervention; subjects were randomly allocated to consume either two eggs or one packet of oatmeal per day for breakfast for four weeks...
29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140616/associations-between-food-insecurity-and-the-severity-of-psychological-distress-among-african-americans
#20
Nickolas L Allen, Benjamin J Becerra, Monideepa B Becerra
BACKGROUND: Little research exists on the association between food insecurity and mild to moderate psychological distress (MPD) among Black/African-Americans. In this study, we assess the relationship between food insecurity with and without hunger to that of both MPD and serious psychological distress (SPD) among this population. METHODS: 2009 and 2011/2012 adult public-use data from African-American respondents of the California Health Interview Survey were utilized for this study (n = 4003)...
January 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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