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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647384/impulsivity-moderates-the-effect-of-approach-bias-modification-on-healthy-food-consumption
#1
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The study aimed to modify approach bias for healthy and unhealthy food and to determine its effect on subsequent food consumption. In addition, we investigated the potential moderating role of impulsivity in the effect of approach bias re-training on food consumption. Participants were 200 undergraduate women (17-26 years) who were randomly allocated to one of five conditions of an approach-avoidance task varying in the training of an approach bias for healthy food, unhealthy food, and non-food cues in a single session of 10 min...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647179/euphorbia-neriifolia-l-review-on-botany-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-biological-activities
#2
REVIEW
Prashant Y Mali, Shital S Panchal
The present review is intended to provide information on botany, ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of various parts of Euphorbia neriifolia (E. neriifolia). E. neriifolia has several ethnomedicinal uses. The latex of E. neriifolia is used as laxative, purgative, rubefacient, carminative and expectorant as well as in treatment of whooping cough, gonorrhoea, leprosy, asthma, dyspepsia, jaundice, enlargement of the spleen, tumours, stone in the bladder, abdominal troubles and leucoderma...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646260/salt-appetite-and-the-influence-of-opioids
#3
Craig M Smith, Andrew J Lawrence
Due to the biological importance of sodium and its relative scarcity within many natural environments, 'salt appetite' has evolved whereby dietary salt is highly sought after and palatable when tasted. In addition to peripheral responses, salt depletion is detected within the brain via circumventricular organs and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (HSD2) neurons to increase salt appetite. Salt appetite is comprised of two main components. One component is the incentive salience or motivation for salt (i...
June 24, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645611/activation-of-central-nesfatin-1-nucb2-after-intraperitoneally-administered-cisplatin-in-rats
#4
Yasuki Akiyama, Mitsuhiro Yoshimura, Kazuaki Nishimura, Haruki Nishimura, Satomi Sonoda, Hiromichi Ueno, Yasuhito Mitojima, Reiko Saito, Takashi Maruyama, Yuki Nonaka, Hirofumi Hashimoto, Yasuhito Uezono, Keiji Hirata, Yoichi Ueta
Cisplatin, known as an anticancer drug, has been widely used; however, diverse disadvantageous side effects, including appetite loss, afflict patients. Nesfatin-1/NucB2, discovered as an anorexic neuropeptide, is broadly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral organ. In the present study, we examined the effects of intraperitoneally (i.p.) administered cisplatin on central nesfatin-1/NucB2. Saline, as control, or cisplatin (6 mg/kg dissolved in saline) was i.p. administered in adult male Wistar rats (180-220 g)...
June 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641787/social-jet-lag-potentiates-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-when-combined-with-cafeteria-diet-in-rats
#5
Estefania Espitia-Bautista, Mario Velasco-Ramos, Iván Osnaya-Ramírez, Manuel Ángeles-Castellanos, Ruud M Buijs, Carolina Escobar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Modern lifestyle promotes shifted sleep onset and shifted wake up time between weekdays and weekends, producing a condition termed "social-jet lag." Disrupted sleep promotes increased appetite for carbohydrate and fat-rich food, which in long term leads to overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome. In order to mimic the human situation we produced an experimental model of social-jet lag (Sj-l). With this model, we explored the link between shifted sleep time with consumption of a cafeteria diet (CafD) and the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640576/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-insomnia-and-other-common-symptoms-among-patients-with-acute-leukemia
#6
Lisa Blackburn, Sara Achor, Betty Allen, Nicole Bauchmire, Danielle Dunnington, Rebecca Klisovic, Steven Naber, Kirsten Roblee, Angela Samczak, Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, Esther Chipps
Purpose/Objectives: To determine if the use of aromatherapy improves insomnia and other common symptoms in hospitalized patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. Design: A randomized, crossover, washout trial. Setting: An inpatient acute leukemia unit at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard L. Solove Research Institute of the Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University in Columbus. Sample: 50 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute leukemia and hospitalized to receive their initial four weeks of intensive induction chemotherapy...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638968/-large-vessel-vasculitis-giant-cell-arteritis-and-takayasu-arteritis
#7
P M Villiger
According to the Chapel Hill Classification, large vessel vasculitides encompass giant cell arteritis (GCA) and the histologically related Takakaysu arteritis (TAK). The two diseases lack autoantibodies and present with a systemic inflammatory response. GCA typically shows a sudden onset with profound sickness, loss of appetite and of body weight, and temporal headache. Due to the substantial risk of sudden blindness, diagnostic work-up has to be performed immediately and treatment started without delay. A close association between polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and GCA is well established...
June 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637942/clinical-characteristics-and-psychotropic-prescribing-patterns-associated-with-impaired-concentration-in-asians-with-depressive-disorders-the-reap-ad-study
#8
Seon-Cheol Park, Min-Soo Lee, Sang Woo Hahn, Shigenobu Kanba, Mian-Yoon Chong, Kok Yoon Chee, Pichet Udomratn, Adarsh Tripathi, Norman Sartorius, Naotaka Shinfuku, Andi J Tanra, Yong Chon Park
The Research on Asian Psychotropic Prescription Patterns for Antidepressants (REAP-AD) study aimed to survey and review antidepressant prescribing patterns in different clinical settings in Asian countries/areas. The REAP-AD study collected comprehensive data for psychiatric patients prescribed antidepressants in 10 Asian countries/areas during the period from March to June 2013. Depressive disorders have been an important issue closely associated with ill-health and disability in the realm of mental health...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636538/phase-i-dose-escalation-study-of-the-c-met-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-sar125844-in-asian-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumors-including-patients-with-met-amplified-gastric-cancer
#9
Kohei Shitara, Tae Min Kim, Tomoya Yokota, Masahiro Goto, Taroh Satoh, Jin-Hee Ahn, Hyo Song Kim, Sylvie Assadourian, Corinne Gomez, Marzia Harnois, Satoshi Hamauchi, Toshihiro Kudo, Toshihido Doi, Yung-Jue Bang
SAR125844 is a potent and selective inhibitor of the c-Met kinase receptor. This was an open-label, phase I, multicenter, dose-escalation, and dose-expansion trial of SAR125844 in Asian patients with solid tumors, a subgroup of whom had gastric cancer and MET amplification (NCT01657214). SAR125844 was administered by intravenous infusion (260-570 mg/m2) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of each 28-day cycle. Objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and to evaluate SAR125844 safety and pharmacokinetic profile...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635219/-olfactory-function-in-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy-who-underwent-adenotonsillectomy-during-pre-and-post-operative-period
#10
H G Pan, H Yang, G W Chen, L Li, Z B Wu, J M Wang
Objective: To assess the olfactory function in children with adenoid hypertrophy and investigate the changes of both olfactory function and appetite in children with adenoid hypertrophy before and after adenoidectomy. Methods: Forty-four children with adenoid hypertrophy admitted for adenoidectomy, aged 7-12 years, mean age (10.0±2.0) years were tested by Sniffin' Sticks test and visual analog scale(VAS) of the children's appetite preoperatively between March and August 2015.In a appointment 6 months after operation, all of them returned and were tested again...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634657/longitudinal-perceptions-of-the-side-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancer
#11
Hui-Chun Hsu, Su-Yu Tsai, Shang-Liang Wu, Shiow-Roug Jeang, Mei-Yao Ho, Wen-Shiung Liou, An-Jen Chiang, Tsung-Hsien Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and difference of side effects among six courses of chemotherapy (C/T) in gynecological cancer patients. METHODS: The study period was from Sep. 2010 to Dec. 2011 at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan. The treating protocols, courses, and drugs of C/T in patient were considered according to the different malignant cancers and clinical conditions. The patient data of age, marriage status, education, religion, and experiences of C/T were collected...
June 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634266/30-years-of-the-mineralocorticoid-receptor-the-brain-mineralocorticoid-receptor-a-saga-in-three-episodes
#12
REVIEW
Marian Joëls, E Ronald de Kloet
In 1968, Bruce McEwen discovered that (3)H-corticosterone administered to adrenalectomised rats is retained in neurons of hippocampus rather than those of hypothalamus. This discovery signalled the expansion of endocrinology into the science of higher brain regions. With this in mind, our contribution highlights the saga of the brain mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in three episodes. First, the precloning era dominated by the conundrum of two types of corticosterone-binding receptors in the brain, which led to the identification of the high-affinity corticosterone receptor as the 'promiscuous' MR cloned in 1987 by Jeff Arriza and Ron Evans in addition to the classical glucocorticoid receptor (GR)...
July 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632997/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-pharmacologic-treatment-options
#13
Vignesh Shettar, Sarang Patel, Srividya Kidambi
Prevalence of obesity and its related morbidity have increased to alarming levels in adults and children in the United States and globally. Weight loss results in improvement of much of the obesity-related morbidity. Lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, increased physical activity, and behavioral therapy form the crux of weight management. However, many individuals need additional assistance (pharmacologic or surgical) to initiate or sustain weight loss. Pharmacologic therapy consists of a number of agents that work by decreasing appetite, gastric emptying, or nutrient absorption or by increasing satiety...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629538/bioassay-guided-isolation-of-saikosaponins-with-agonistic-activity-on-5-hydroxytryptamine-2c-receptor-from-bupleurum-chinense-and-their-potential-use-for-the-treatment-of-obesity
#14
Chang-Li Sun, Chang-An Geng, Xiao-Yan Huang, Yun-Bao Ma, Xiao-Hong Zheng, Tong-Hua Yang, Xing-Long Chen, Xiu-Juan Yin, Xue-Mei Zhang, Ji-Jun Chen
5-Hydroxytryptamine 2C (5-HT2C) receptor is one of the major targets of anti-obesity agents, due to its role in regulation of appetite. In the present study, the 70% EtOH extract of the roots of Bupleurum chinense was revealed to have agonistic activity on 5-HT2C receptor, and the subsequent bioassay-guided isolation led to identification of several saikosaponins as the active constituents with 5-HT2C receptor agonistic activity in vitro and anti-obesity activity in vivo. The new compound, 22-oxosaikosaponin d (1), was determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses (HR-ESI-MS, IR, and 1D and 2D NMR)...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629489/eating-down-or-simply-eating-less-the-diet-and-health-implications-of-these-practices-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-in-rural-bangladesh
#15
Kassandra L Harding, Susana L Matias, Malay K Mridha, Stephen A Vosti, Sohrab Hussain, Kathryn G Dewey, Christine P Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To: (i) determine the prevalence of self-reported eating less and eating down during early and late pregnancy and postpartum, and explore risk factors associated with eating less; (ii) examine the association between eating less and diet quality; and (iii) determine the association between eating less and weight gain during pregnancy. DESIGN: Data were collected longitudinally from a cohort of women participating in a community health programme. Diet was assessed at three time points (≤20 weeks' gestation, 36 weeks' gestation, 6 months' postpartum), body weight was measured during study enrolment (≤20 weeks' gestation) and at 36 weeks' gestation, and information about the woman and her household was collected at enrolment...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627401/educational-nutrition-messaging-at-breakfast-reduces-snack-intake-and-influences-snack-preferences-in-adult-men-and-women
#16
Jamie I Baum, Brianna L Gaines, Gabrielle C Kubas, Charlayne F Mitchell, Sarah L Russell
Breakfast skipping is associated with increased risk of weight gain and obesity in young adults, possibly due to increased snacking later in the day. Recent research suggests that providing and animal versus a plant source of protein at breakfast can reduce snack intake later in the day. In addition, providing nutrition information via a nutrition label, front-of-pack information, or via text messaging has been shown to help individuals make healthier food choices. The objective of this study was to determine if educational nutrition messaging and protein source influenced snack intake 2 h following the breakfast meal...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#17
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626589/the-effects-of-food-labelling-on-postexercise-energy-intake-in-sedentary-women
#18
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Jessica McNeil, Véronique Provencher, Éric Doucet
Food labelling has been previously reported to influence energy intake (EI). Whether food labels influence postexercise EI remains to be determined. We assessed how food labelling and exercise (Ex) interact to influence food perception and postexercise EI. In this randomized crossover design, 14 inactive women participated in 4 experimental conditions: Ex (300 kcal at 70% of VO2peak) and lunch labelled as low in fat (LF), Ex and lunch labelled as high in fat (HF), Rest and LF, and Rest and HF. The lunch was composed of a plate of pasta, yogurt, and oatmeal cookies, which had the same nutritional composition across the 4 experimental conditions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626523/antiobesity-effect-of-a-short-length-peptide-yy-analogue-after-continuous-administration-in-mice
#19
Naoki Nishizawa, Ayumu Niida, Yasushi Masuda, Satoshi Kumano, Kotaro Yokoyama, Hideki Hirabayashi, Nobuyuki Amano, Tetsuya Ohtaki, Taiji Asami
Gastrointestinal peptides such as peptide YY (PYY) can regulate appetite, which is relevant to the study of obesity. The intraperitoneal bolus administration of PYY3-36 and a 12-amino acid PYY analogue, benzoyl-[Cha(27,28,36),Aib(31)]PYY25-36 (1), showed similar anorectic activity by activating the Y2 receptor (Y2R). However, food intake inhibition and body weight loss were not observed upon continuous subcutaneous administration of 1 with osmotic pumps in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. N-Terminal elongation of 1, together with amino acid substitution at position 24, led to a hydrophilic 14-amino acid peptide, Ac-[d-Hyp(24),Cha(27,28,36),Aib(31)]PYY23-36 (18), that showed higher affinity and more potent agonist activity for Y2R and a robust anorectic activity with potency similar to that of PYY3-36...
June 8, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625786/drug-induces-depression-like-phenotypes-and-alters-gene-expression-profiles-in-drosophila
#20
Ming-Di Jiang, Ya Zheng, Jia-Lin Wang, Yu-Feng Wang
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a severe mental illness that affects more than 350 million people worldwide. However, the molecular mechanisms of depression are currently unclear. Studies suggest that Drosophila and humans have similar depression-like symptoms under pressure. In this research, we choose Drosophila melanogaster as the animal model to explore the molecular mechanisms that trigger depression. RESULTS: We found that feeding D. melanogaster with the medium containing Levodopa or Chlorpromazine could induce depression-like phenotypes in both behavioral and biochemical biomarkers, including significantly decreased food intake, mating frequency, serotonin (5-HT) concentration, and increased malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration as well as reduced activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD)...
June 15, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
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