Read by QxMD icon Read

Lithium dosing

Hong-Jie Li, Dong-Sheng Gao, Yong-Tao Li, Yong-Sheng Wang, Hong-Ying Liu, Jun Zhao
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), a member of the Coronaviridae family, causes acute diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, and high mortality rates in neonatal piglets. Severe outbreaks of PEDV variants have re-emerged in Asia and North America since 2010, causing tremendous economic losses to the swine industry. The lack of effective therapeutic treatment promotes the research for new antivirals. Lithium chloride (LiCl) has been reported as a potential antiviral drug for certain viruses. In this study, the antiviral effect of LiCl on PEDV in Vero cells was evaluated...
March 5, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Orwa Dandash, Murat Yücel, Rothanthi Daglas, Christos Pantelis, Patrick McGorry, Michael Berk, Alex Fornito
Mood disturbances seen in first-episode mania (FEM) are linked to disturbed functional connectivity of the striatum. Lithium and quetiapine are effective treatments for mania but their neurobiological effects remain largely unknown. We conducted a single-blinded randomized controlled maintenance trial in 61 FEM patients and 30 healthy controls. Patients were stabilized for a minimum of 2 weeks on lithium plus quetiapine then randomly assigned to either lithium (serum level 0.6 mmol/L) or quetiapine (dosed up to 800 mg/day) treatment for 12 months...
March 6, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
M Rahimi, M Zahedifar, E Sadeghi
Lithium tetraborate (Li2B4O7) nanoparticles (NPs) doped with manganese (Mn) were prepared for the first time by the solid-state sintering method. NPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, photoluminescence and thermoluminescence (TL) techniques. The synthesized NPs exhibited highest TL response at 0.3 wt% of Mn dopant under gamma irradiation. TL dose response is linear for the absorbed dose from 1 Gy to 20 kGy and beyond this range behaves sub-linear. Such feature makes the synthesized nanophosphor as a promising material for high-dose dosimetry applications...
March 1, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Marlijn Vermeiden, Astrid M Kamperman, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Walter W van den Broek, Tom K Birkenhäger
BACKGROUND: In patients suffering from major depressive disorder, non-response to initial antidepressant monotherapy is relatively common. The use of treatment algorithms may optimize and enhance treatment outcome. METHODS: A single-center 3-phase treatment algorithm was evaluated for inpatients with major depressive disorder, i.e. phase I (n = 85): 7 weeks optimal antidepressant monotherapy (imipramine or venlafaxine); phase II (n = 39): 4 weeks subsequent plasma level-targeted dose lithium addition in case of insufficient improvement of antidepressant monotherapy; and phase III (n = 8): subsequent electroconvulsive therapy in case of insufficient improvement of antidepressant‑lithium treatment...
March 2, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Niels J Aachmann-Andersen, Soren J Christensen, Kristian Lisbjerg, Peter Oturai, Pär I Johansson, Niels-Henrik Holstein-Rathlou, Niels V Olsen
The effect of recombinant erythropoietin (rhEPO) on renal and systemic hemodynamics was evaluated in a randomized double-blinded, cross-over study. Sixteen healthy subjects were tested with placebo, or low-dose rhEPO for 2 weeks, or high-dose rhEPO for 3 days. Subjects refrained from excessive salt intake, according to instructions from a dietitian. Renal clearance studies were done for measurements of renal plasma flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the segmentel tubular handling of sodium and water (lithium clearance)...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
E Sadeghi, M Zahedifar, M Khalifeh Shoushtari
Lithium fluoride doped with Mg and Dy was fabricated for the first time using melting method. The optimum concentrations of impurities and thermal treatment were studied to achieve high thermoluminescence (TL) sensitivity. TL sensitivity of the fabricated phosphor is close to that of TLD-100 powder. Tm -Tstop technique was used to identify the number of overlapped TL glow peaks. Initial rise, isothermal decay and computerized glow curve deconvolution (CGCD) methods were applied to obtain kinetic parameters of the prepared TL material...
February 22, 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Roxanne J Wadia, Marilyn Stolar, Clarice Grens, Barbara E Ehrlich, Herta H Chao
Peripheral neuropathy is a major adverse effect in the use of chemotherapeutic drugs. In nearly 50% of patients, chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) has been reported as irreversible. With increasing numbers of patients surviving treatment as well as increasing duration of survival after treatment, reducing the side effects of chemotherapy and improving the quality of life has become a major focus of cancer survivorship. Multiple classes of chemotherapeutic drugs including taxanes, platinum agents and vinka alkaloids list peripheral neuropathy as the main dose-limiting side effect of treatment...
January 26, 2018: Oncotarget
Jasper A Heinsbroek, Amelia B Furbish, Jamie Peters
Kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonists have known anti-addiction properties and can reduce drug seeking. Their potential for clinical use has largely been daunted by their aversive properties mediated through p38 MAPK signaling. Here we examined the therapeutic potential of the KOR agonist U50,488 (U50) to reduce cocaine seeking in a self-administration model. Following cocaine self-administration and 7 days of forced home-cage abstinence, rats were administered a single dose of U50 (5 mg/kg, i.p.) 30 min prior to the first extinction training session, wherein cocaine and the discrete cocaine-paired cues were no longer available...
February 22, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Krzysztof Pietruczuk, Katarzyna A Lisowska, Karol Grabowski, Jerzy Landowski, Jacek M Witkowski
The aim of the study was to evaluate proliferation capacity and susceptibility to apoptosis of T lymphocytes of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and to investigate in vitro influence of two standard mood stabilizers: lithium and valproic acid on these parameters using flow cytometry. Our results show that T lymphocytes of BD patients, especially those treated with lithium, have reduced proliferation capacity compared to healthy people. In vitro studies showed that valproic acid reduces the number of cell divisions and percentages of proliferating cells regardless of health status but mainly in very high dose, while lithium has no significant influence on proliferation capacity of patients' T lymphocytes...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
W M Dose, M J Piernas-Muñoz, V A Maroni, S E Trask, I Bloom, C S Johnson
A silicon-graphite blended anode is paired with a high capacity LiFePO4 reference/counter electrode to track irreversibility and lithium inventory. The LiFePO4 electrode provides a reliable, flat potential for dQ dV-1 analysis of LixSi and LixC electrochemical reactions. We relate this electrochemistry to the morphological and physical changes taking place.
February 12, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Paolo Bellavite, Clara Bonafini, Marta Marzotto
Gelsemium sempervirens L. (Gelsemium) is traditionally used for its anxiolytic-like properties and its action mechanism in laboratory models are under scrutiny. Evidence from rodent models was reported suggesting the existence of a high sensitivity of central nervous system to anxiolytic power of Gelsemium extracts and Homeopathic dilutions. In vitro investigation of extremely low doses of this plant extract showed a modulation of gene expression of human neurocytes. These studies were criticized in a few commentaries, generated a debate in literature and were followed by further experimental studies from various laboratories...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Fiona Elizabeth Smith, Peter Edward Thelwall, Joe Necus, Carly Jay Flowers, Andrew Matthew Blamire, David Andrew Cousins
Lithium is a major treatment for bipolar disorder and the likelihood of a favourable response may be determined by its distribution in the brain. Lithium can be directly detected by magnetic resonance (MR), but previous 7Li MR spectroscopy studies have demonstrated that this is challenging compared to conventional 1H MR imaging due to the MR properties of the lithium nucleus and its low concentration in brain tissue, as dictated by therapeutic dose. We have tested and implemented a highly efficient balanced steady-state free precession 7Li-MRI method to address these challenges and enable MRI of brain lithium in a short duration scan...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
Yuan Wang, Shaowei Yin, Hang Xue, Yating Yang, Nan Zhang, Ping Zhao
Advancements in fetal intervention procedures have led to increases in the number of pregnant women undergoing general anesthesia during the second trimester-a period characterized by extensive proliferation of fetal neural stem cells (NSCs). However, few studies have investigated the effects of mid-gestational sevoflurane exposure on fetal NSC proliferation or postnatal learning and memory function. In the present study, pregnant rats were randomly assigned to a control group (C group), a low sevoflurane concentration group (2%; L group), a high sevoflurane concentration group (3...
January 31, 2018: Developmental Biology
Bo H Jonsson
Nicotinic acid (NA), often called niacin, a form of vitamin B₃, is a water-soluble nutrient found in animal and vegetarian foods. Vitamin B₃ for healthy people is considered to be needed in doses of less than 20 mg daily. In higher doses, NA has been described to be beneficial in some patients with psychiatric disorders. This report describes a male patient with bipolar type II disorder who for many years had been treated with lithium and other medications applied in affective disorders. These pharmacological drugs had beneficial effects but were at times insufficient...
January 27, 2018: Nutrients
Rachel A Orleans, Marc J Dubin, Kristopher A Kast
Lithium is a mood stabiliser used in the treatment of acute mania, bipolar disorder and as augmentation for unipolar major depression. Tremor is a common adverse effect associated with lithium at both therapeutic and toxic serum levels. We present a case of dose-dependent changes in the quality and intensity of a stroke-related, chronic cerebellar tremor with lithium treatment at serum levels within the therapeutic range. On admission, the patient in this case had a baseline fine, postural tremor, which increased in frequency and evolved to include myoclonic jerks once lithium therapy was initiated...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Stine Julie Tingskov, Shan Hu, Jorgen Frøkiær, Tae-Hwan Kwon, Weidong Wang, Rikke Norregaard
Lithium is widely used in treatment of bipolar affective disorders, but often causes nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), a disorder characterized by severe urinary concentrating defects. Lithium-induced NDI is caused by lithium uptake by collecting duct principal cells and altered expression of aquaporin-2 (AQP2), which are essential for water reabsorption of tubular fluid in the collecting duct. Sex hormones have previously been shown to affect the regulation of AQP2, so we tested whether tamoxifen (TAM), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, would attenuate lithium-induced alterations on renal water homeostasis...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Kenul Abbasova, Hana Kubová, Pavel Mareš
BACKGROUND: Ifenprodil as a specific antagonist of NMDA receptors containing a dominant NR2B subunit exhibits age-dependent anticonvulsant action. Possible changes of this action due to status epilepticus (SE) elicited at early stage of development were studied using cortical epileptic afterdischarges (ADs) as a model. METHODS: Lithium-pilocarpine SE was induced at postnatal day 12 and effects of ifenprodil were studied 3, 6, 9, and 13 days after SE in rat pups with implanted epidural electrodes...
August 26, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Shayri G Greenwood, Laura Montroull, Marta Volosin, Helen E Scharfman, Kenneth K Teng, Matthew Light, Risa Torkin, Fredrick Maxfield, Barbara L Hempstead, Wilma J Friedman
Neurotrophins play critical roles in the survival, maintenance and death of neurons. In particular, proneurotrophins have been shown to mediate cell death following brain injury induced by status epilepticus (SE) in rats. Previous studies have shown that pilocarpine-induced seizures lead to increased levels of proNGF, which binds to the p75NTR-sortilin receptor complex to elicit apoptosis. A screen to identify compounds that block proNGF binding and uptake into cells expressing p75 and sortilin identified lithium citrate as a potential inhibitor of proNGF and p75NTR-mediated cell death...
January 2018: ENeuro
Bo-Bo Zhao, Hui-Jie Guo, Yang Liu, Xing-Yan Luo, Shu-Xia Yang, Yan-Tang Wang, Xiao Leng, Chun-Fen Mo, Qiang Zou
Benzoxazole and its derivatives have been widely studied in recent years due to their various biological properties. A previous study has demonstrated that K313 (1H-indole-2,3-dione 3-(1,3-benzoxazol-2-ylhydrazone)), a novel benzoxazole derivative, inhibits T cell proliferation to yield immunosuppressive effects. However, there are no related reports about its anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory properties and the underlying molecular mechanism of K313 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Kun Qian, Xiaowei Cheng, Danyang Zhang, Hongxia Shao, Yongxiu Yao, Venugopal Nair, Aijian Qin
Lithium chloride (LiCl) has been reported to possess antiviral activity against several viruses. In the current study, we assessed the antiviral activity effect of LiCl on ALV-J infection in CEF cells by using real-time PCR, Western blot analysis, IFA and p27 ELISA analysis. Our results showed that both viral RNA copy number and protein level decreased significantly in a dose and time dependent manner. Time-course analysis revealed that the antiviral effect was more pronounced when CEFs were treated at the post infection stage rather than at early absorption or pre-absorption stages...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Virology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"