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Aaron Carass, Snehashis Roy, Amod Jog, Jennifer L Cuzzocreo, Elizabeth Magrath, Adrian Gherman, Julia Button, James Nguyen, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Peter A Calabresi, Ciprian M Crainiceanu, Lotta M Ellingsen, Daniel S Reich, Jerry L Prince, Dzung L Pham
The data presented in this article is related to the research article entitled "Longitudinal multiple sclerosis lesion segmentation: Resource and challenge" (Carass et al., 2017) [1]. In conjunction with the 2015 International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, we organized a longitudinal multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion segmentation challenge providing training and test data to registered participants. The training data consists of five subjects with a mean of 4.4 (±0.55) time-points, and test data of fourteen subjects with a mean of 4...
June 2017: Data in Brief
Maria E Gonzalez-Montpetit, Wasim A Samara, George N Magrath, Carol L Shields
A 2-month-old male infant with bilateral familial retinoblastoma was treated with intravenous chemotherapy and focal adjuvant therapy. At 5 months of follow-up, fundus examination and ultrasonography disclosed no recurrence; however, hand-held spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) demonstrated subclinical recurrence within a previous regression scar. Subsequent treatment led to flat scar. Hand-held SD-OCT can be a useful tool for detection of subclinical recurrent retinoblastoma. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Aaron Carass, Snehashis Roy, Amod Jog, Jennifer L Cuzzocreo, Elizabeth Magrath, Adrian Gherman, Julia Button, James Nguyen, Ferran Prados, Carole H Sudre, Manuel Jorge Cardoso, Niamh Cawley, Olga Ciccarelli, Claudia A M Wheeler-Kingshott, Sébastien Ourselin, Laurence Catanese, Hrishikesh Deshpande, Pierre Maurel, Olivier Commowick, Christian Barillot, Xavier Tomas-Fernandez, Simon K Warfield, Suthirth Vaidya, Abhijith Chunduru, Ramanathan Muthuganapathy, Ganapathy Krishnamurthi, Andrew Jesson, Tal Arbel, Oskar Maier, Heinz Handels, Leonardo O Iheme, Devrim Unay, Saurabh Jain, Diana M Sima, Dirk Smeets, Mohsen Ghafoorian, Bram Platel, Ariel Birenbaum, Hayit Greenspan, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Peter A Calabresi, Ciprian M Crainiceanu, Lotta M Ellingsen, Daniel S Reich, Jerry L Prince, Dzung L Pham
In conjunction with the ISBI 2015 conference, we organized a longitudinal lesion segmentation challenge providing training and test data to registered participants. The training data consisted of five subjects with a mean of 4.4 time-points, and test data of fourteen subjects with a mean of 4.4 time-points. All 82 data sets had the white matter lesions associated with multiple sclerosis delineated by two human expert raters. Eleven teams submitted results using state-of-the-art lesion segmentation algorithms to the challenge, with ten teams presenting their results at the conference...
March 1, 2017: NeuroImage
Elizabeth M Haley, Samantha G Tilson, Ursula L Triantafillu, Justin W Magrath, Yonghyun Kim
Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) are a unique subpopulation of cells within glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) brain tumors that possess the ability to self-renew and differentiate into bulk tumor cells. GSCs are resistant to currently available treatments and are the likely culprit behind tumor relapse in GBM patients. However, GSCs are currently inaccessible to the larger scientific community because obtaining a sufficient number of GSCs remains technically challenging and cost-prohibitive. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop a more efficient GSC culture strategy that results in a higher cell yield of GSCs at a lower cost...
May 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
George N Magrath, Emil Anthony T Say, Kareem Sioufi, Sandor Ferenczy, Wasim A Samara, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To evaluate the variability in foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and capillary density measurements on optical coherence tomography angiography using Optovue RTVue XR Avanti (OA) (Optovue) and Zeiss Cirrus HD-OCT 5000 (ZC) (Carl Zeiss Meditec). METHODS: In this prospective, comparative case series, parafoveal (3 × 3 mm) optical coherence tomography angiography scans were obtained on healthy volunteers using both the Avanti and Cirrus. The FAZ area and capillary density at the level of both the superficial and deep capillary plexus were measured automatically using the built-in ReVue software (Optovue) with the Avanti as well as manually using ImageJ (National Institutes of Health) with both machines...
December 16, 2016: Retina
Emil A T Say, Sandor Ferenczy, George N Magrath, Wasim A Samara, Chloe T L Khoo, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To study image quality and artifacts seen on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Sixty-five consecutive patients with unilateral posterior uveal melanoma treated with plaque radiotherapy had OCTA during follow-up. Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed on both the affected and fellow eye. Signal strength and frequency of image artifacts on en face images were compared between affected and fellow eyes. RESULTS: A total of 130 eyes in 65 patients were analyzed, the mean age at time of OCTA was 55 years (median: 56, range: 12-81 years), and 39 (39/65, 60%) were female...
November 23, 2016: Retina
Jerry A Shields, George N Magrath, Carol Shields, Richard Mackool, Ralph C Eagle, Hans E Grossniklaus
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to report the clinical features, imaging studies, surgical removal, and pathology of congenital iris flocculi in a patient who developed a life-threatening dissecting aortic aneurysm after 55 years of follow-up. METHODS: Documentation with iris photography was performed from age 18 to 55 years, at which time anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed. At the time of subsequent cataract surgery, the iris flocculi were removed in each eye and submitted for light and electron microscopy...
October 2016: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
Timothy Patrick Higgins, Chloe T L Khoo, George Magrath, Carol L Shields
There are several mimickers of choroidal melanoma. We report a patient with recent family stress who developed blurred vision to 20/50 OD and was found to have unilateral central serous chorioretinopathy and a coincidental choroidal nevus. After 1 year without resolution of the subretinal fluid, the patient was referred for our opinion. On examination, visual acuity was 20/50 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. The left eye was normal. Evaluation of the right eye showed a small, pigmented submacular choroidal lesion measuring 4 mm × 3 mm...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Steven Roberts, Eric Anderson, Rory Magrath
Following recent research evidencing that young men are redefining the essential components of what it is to be a man, this paper draws on qualitative interviews with 22 elite-level, English Premier League academy level football (soccer) players to investigate their performances and understandings of masculinity in relation to decreasing homohysteria. Even in this gender-segregated, near-total institution, these working-class, non-educationally aspiring adolescents evidence an attenuated performance of 'maleness' and improved attitudinal disposition toward homosexuality...
October 31, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
Emil Anthony T Say, Wasim A Samara, Chloe T L Khoo, George N Magrath, Priya Sharma, Sandor Ferenczy, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To study the parafoveal capillary density using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes treated with plaque radiotherapy. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Ten patients treated with plaque radiotherapy for choroidal melanoma without evident radiation maculopathy on ophthalmoscopy or optical coherence tomography were imaged with OCTA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Comparison of the parafoveal capillary density in the superficial and deep capillary plexuses in the irradiated versus fellow nonirradiated eye...
September 2016: Retina
Katherine A Harrisson, Alexandra Pavlova, Anders Gonçalves da Silva, Rebecca Rose, James K Bull, Melanie L Lancaster, Neil Murray, Bruce Quin, Peter Menkhorst, Michael J L Magrath, Paul Sunnucks
Genetic diversity is positively linked to the viability and evolutionary potential of species but is often compromised in threatened taxa. Genetic rescue by gene flow from a more diverse or differentiated source population of the same species can be an effective strategy for alleviating inbreeding depression and boosting evolutionary potential. The helmeted honeyeater Lichenostomus melanops cassidix is a critically endangered subspecies of the common yellow-tufted honeyeater. Cassidix has declined to a single wild population of ~130 birds, despite being subject to intensive population management over recent decades...
March 2016: Molecular Ecology
Carol L Shields, Rodrigo Jorge, Emil Anthony T Say, George Magrath, Adel Alset, Emi Caywood, Ann M Leahey, Pascal Jabbour, Jerry A Shields
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare outcomes after intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) versus intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for unilateral retinoblastoma. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative interventional case series. METHODS: Patients with unilateral retinoblastoma managed with either IVC using vincristine, etoposide, and carboplatin or IAC using melphalan with or without topotecan with a minimum of 1-year follow-up were compared...
March 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Christopher B Sturdy, Darren S Proppe
Although it is known that animals attend to the vocalizations of others (referred to as eavesdropping), what has been missing, or at least left experimentally unproven, until now is whether animals can learn new associations between a signal and a threat. Here Magrath and colleagues (Current Biology, 25(15), 2047-2050, 2015) have for the first time conducted a field experiment that demonstrates just this: superb fairy-wrens learned to associate a novel vocalization with a predator.
September 2016: Learning & Behavior
Martín J Mazzoglio y Nabar, Milagros María Muñiz, Alexis A Mejías Delamano, Santiago Muñoz, Nahuel Magrath Guimet
We report a series of 9 male HIV + patients, average age of 41.2 years, viral load negative (<50 copies RNA/ml), treated with antiretroviral (nucleoside and non-nucleoside inhibitors of reverse transcriptase) without systemic infections, the CNS diseases or marker or corticoidoterapia in progress. Were evaluated and supported by their infectologists interconsultation during the period October 2008-October 2013 by depressive syndrome. Psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment was initiated with SSRIs and clonazepam; Neuroimaging control and biochemical laboratory studies at baseline and 2 months of treatment were conducted...
May 2015: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Eduardo Cazap, Ian Magrath, T Peter Kingham, Ahmed Elzawawy
Noncommunicable diseases are now recognized by the United Nations and WHO as a major public health crisis. Cancer is a main part of this problem, and health care systems are facing a great challenge to improve cancer care, control costs, and increase systems efficiency. The disparity in access to care and outcomes between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries is staggering. The reasons for this disparity include cost, access to care, manpower and training deficits, and a lack of awareness in the lay and medical communities...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Wasim A Samara, Emil A T Say, Chloe T L Khoo, Timothy P Higgins, George Magrath, Sandor Ferenczy, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To analyze the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) in normal eyes using optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: Prospective noncomparative case series. The parafoveal region of 70 eyes from 67 healthy subjects was imaged using optical coherence tomography angiography to visualize the superficial and deep capillary plexuses and correlated with standard macular volume scans using spectral domain optical coherence tomography to determine foveal morphology...
November 2015: Retina
Monica Sethi, Melissa Magrath, Eduardo Somoza, Manish Parikh, John Saunders, Aku Ude-Welcome, Bradley Schwack, Marina Kurian, George Fielding, Christine Ren-Fielding
BACKGROUND: Leak after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) often presents after hospital discharge, making timely diagnosis difficult. This study evaluates the utility of radiological upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series and clinical indicators in detecting leak after LSG. METHODS: A retrospective case-controlled study of 1762 patients who underwent LSG from 2006 to 2014 was performed. All patients with radiographically confirmed leaks were included. Controls consisted of patients who underwent LSG without leak, selected using a 10:1 case-match...
June 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Monica Sethi, Melissa Beitner, Melissa Magrath, Bradley Schwack, Marina Kurian, George Fielding, Christine Ren-Fielding
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) can be influenced by a variety of factors. The objective of this study is to investigate whether the maximum amount of previous weight loss with diet and exercise, prior to evaluation for bariatric surgery, is predictive of postoperative weight loss success among primary LAGB patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was designed from a prospectively collected database at a single institution...
May 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Robert D Magrath, Tonya M Haff, Jessica R McLachlan, Branislav Igic
Many vertebrates gain critical information about danger by eavesdropping on other species' alarm calls [1], providing an excellent context in which to study information flow among species in animal communities [2-4]. A fundamental but unresolved question is how individuals recognize other species' alarm calls. Although individuals respond to heterospecific calls that are acoustically similar to their own, alarms vary greatly among species, and eavesdropping probably also requires learning [1]. Surprisingly, however, we lack studies demonstrating such learning...
August 3, 2015: Current Biology: CB
Chloe T L Khoo, George Magrath, Carol L Shields
A 17-year-old asymptomatic boy with a referral diagnosis of "macular gliosis" was found to have a combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography showed characteristic features of mini- and maxi-peaks from vitreoretinal traction.
2015: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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