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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730665/is-dna-ploidy-related-to-smoking
#1
Celina Faig Lima, Monica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves, Bruna Fernandes do Carmo Carvalho, Thaynara Alves de Lima, Cláudia Malheiros Coutinho-Camillo, Fernando Augusto Soares, Jaqueline Scholz, Janete Dias Almeida
In the oral cavity, genomic instability is caused by long-term exposure to carcinogens. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and DNA ploidy METHODS: Cytological material was obtained from patients participating in the Outpatient Smoking Treatment Program of the Heart Institute (INCOR-HCFMUSP), and of the Discipline of Oral Medicine (ICT-UNESP). The inclusion criteria for all groups were the absence of a history of malignant tumors, absence of clinical signs of changes in the selected area, and alcohol consumption of less than 3 units per week...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730259/clinical-manifestations-and-morphological-changes-in-one-case-with-post-stroke-kl%C3%A3-ver-bucy-syndrome
#2
Nicolae Cătălin Hreniuc, Carmen NeamŢu, Mircea Florin Sferdian, Cristina Georgiana Ghib Para, Cris Virgiliu Precup, Ioan Ioiart
We present the case of a 71-year-old right-handed male, admitted to the Department of Neurology, Emergency County Hospital of Arad, Romania, on November 2015, with a rare case of Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS), following an ischemic stroke of the right temporal lobe, which was previously diagnosed in December 2014 and was treated accordingly. At the moment of second hospital admission, the patient was found somnolent and confused at home, with traumatic signs of biting of the tongue and urine emission. A couple days after admission, our patient became alert and presented hypersexuality, hypermetamorphosis, increased oral tendency, behavior changes including apathy with loss of anger and fear, and a very increased appetite, transient visual agnosia and right-left disorientation...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728250/-paraganglioma-in-the-bottom-of-tongue-one-case-report
#3
H B Liu, P P Kang, S R Liu, J G Zhao, S H Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726319/ultrastructure-of-lingual-papillae-in-common-chimpanzee-pan-troglodytes-foetus-newborn-and-adult-specimens
#4
J F Pastor, M Barbosa, F J De Paz, I San José, M Levanti, J M Potau, J A Vega, R Cabo
Among primates, the two recognized species of chimpanzees (common chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes; pygmy chimpanzee, Pan paniscus) are considered to be the most similar to humans. Importantly, in mammals, the food intake behaviour largely determines the tongue morphology, including the type, proportion and distribution of gustatory and non-gustatory tongue papillae. The lingual papillae form during its development and mature in post-natal life depending on the different feeding. In this study, we have used scanning electron microscopy to analyse the age-related changes in the lingual papillae of foetal, newborn and adult P...
July 20, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724728/global-decline-of-bumblebees-is-phylogenetically-structured-and-inversely-related-to-species-range-size-and-pathogen-incidence
#5
Marina P Arbetman, Gabriela Gleiser, Carolina L Morales, Paul Williams, Marcelo A Aizen
Conservation biology can profit greatly from incorporating a phylogenetic perspective into analyses of patterns and drivers of species extinction risk. We applied such an approach to analyse patterns of bumblebee (Bombus) decline. We assembled a database representing approximately 43% of the circa 260 globally known species, which included species extinction risk assessments following the International Union fo Conservation of Nature Red List categories and criteria, and information on species traits presumably associated with bumblebee decline...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720161/validity-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-risk-calculator-in-south-australian-glossectomy-patients
#6
S S Kao, C Frauenfelder, D Wong, S Edwards, S Krishnan, E H Ooi
BACKGROUND: Appropriate selection of tongue cancer patients considering surgery is critical in ensuring optimal outcomes. The American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program ('ACS-NSQIP') risk calculator was developed to assess patients' 30-day post-operative risk, providing surgeons with information to guide decision making. METHOD: A retrospective review of 30-day actual mortality and morbidity of tongue cancer patients was undertaken to investigate the validity of this tool for South Australian patients treated from 2005 to 2015...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719783/making-sense-of-studies-that-claim-benefits-of-frenotomy-in-the-absence-of-classic-tongue-tie
#7
Pamela Douglas
By performing an in-depth analysis of one high profile example, this article aims to help breastfeeding support professionals understand the methodological flaws that characterize recent studies claiming to show the efficacy of frenotomy for the diagnoses of posterior tongue-tie and upper lip-tie. The example study does not address definitional confusion or control for the effects of the passage of time. It does not consider the effects of caring attention, validation, and lactation consultant support. It also does not consider the extensive research over the past three decades that has established that reflux in the first 6 months of life is benign, even though increased reflux frequency may correlate with unsettled infant behavior...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717287/cervical-metastases-behavior-of-t1-2-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tongue
#8
K Sagheb, V Kumar, R Rahimi-Nedjat, M Dollhausen, T Ziebart, B Al-Nawas, C Walter
INTRODUCTION: The cervical lymph node metastasis (CM) is one of the most important prognostic factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma. Although the frequency and distribution of CM for tongue carcinoma (TC) are well documented in the literature, there is only little data on metastasis patterns depending on the location of the cancer within the tongue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study all patients with a T1-T2 TC who were treated between 1997 and 2013 were analysed regarding epidemiological data, risk factors, and tumour parameters such as exact localization, CM...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715672/genomic-and-pathogenic-analysis-of-a-muscovy-duck-parvovirus-strain-causing-short-beak-and-dwarfism-syndrome-without-tongue-protrusion
#9
Qiuling Fu, Yu Huang, Chunhe Wan, Guanghua Fu, Baomin Qi, Longfei Cheng, Shaohua Shi, Hongmei Chen, Rongchang Liu, Zhenhai Chen
In 2008, clinical cases of short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS) caused by Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV) infection were found in mule duck and Taiwan white duck farms in Fujian, China. A MDPV LH strain causing duck SBDS without tongue protrusion was isolated in this study. Phylogenetic analysis show that the MDPV LH strain was clustered together with other MDPV strains, but divergent from GPV isolates. Two major fragment deletions were found in the inverted terminal repeats (ITR) of MDPV LH similar to the ones in the ITR of MDPV GX5, YY and SAAS-SHNH strains...
July 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713744/access-osteotomy-in-the-maxillofacial-skeleton
#10
REVIEW
K Kamalpathey, Maj Gen N K Sahoo, Col P K Chattopadhyay, Maj Yuvraj Issar
Surgical accesses for the facial skeleton are based on the concept of modular osteotomies. Various techniques and combination of osteotomies facilitate access to the most inaccessible tumors of craniomaxillofacial region. Most appropriate surgical access is determined by considering size, location, extension of the tumor, and experience of the surgical team. These are primarily used for tumors in the nasopharynx or the skull base. The aim of this paper is to review surgical accesses that aid in removal of inaccessible tumors of craniomaxillofacial region with series of cases operated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India, between July 2008 and June 2010...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711741/confirmation-that-mutations-in-ddx59-cause-an-autosomal-recessive-form-of-oral-facial-digital-syndrome-further-delineation-of-the-ddx59-phenotype-in-two-new-families
#11
Sara Faily, Rahat Perveen, Jill Urquhart, Kate Chandler, Jill Clayton-Smith
We report three probands from two unrelated consanguineous families of South Asian origin who all carry the same rare novel homozygous variant within the dead box helicase gene DDX59 in association with features of oral-facial-digital syndrome (OFDS). DDX59 variants have been reported previously in an unclassified, autosomal recessive form of OFDS; clinically associated with features including tongue lobulation, cleft palate, frontal bossing, hypertelorism and postaxial polydactyly. All three probands had lobulated tongues with tongue hamartomas, abnormal tongue tip, developmental delay and microcephaly, with just one proband demonstrating polydactlyly...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711375/the-prevalence-of-orodental-trauma-during-epileptic-seizures-in-terms-of-dental-treatment-survey-study
#12
Dominika Gawlak, Joanna Łuniewska, Wiktoria Stojak, Anahit Hovhannisyan, Anna Stróżyńska, Katarzyna Mańka-Malara, Marcin Adamiec, Andrzej Rysz
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Seizures that occur during attacks may lead to head injuries. It is crucial to establish proper prophylactic management against trauma occurrence, as nowadays prevention is not sufficient. AIM: Assessment of the frequency of head and intraoral trauma during epileptic seizures and to evaluate factors that may predispose to injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire was carried out among 106 patients with epilepsy...
June 29, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710196/disseminated-histoplasmosis-presenting-as-multiple-oral-ulcers
#13
Nicholas Hendren, Christina Yek, Jason Mull, James B Cutrell
A 61-year-old female with a history of advanced HIV disease and chronic hepatitis B was presented with an 8-week history of painful oral ulcers. She appeared systemically well but examination revealed multiple well-demarcated clean-based ulcers on the tongue and hard palate. Biopsy of one of the lesions showed numerous histiocytes containing intracellular yeast forms consistent with Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum Fungal blood cultures subsequently grew H. capsulatum var. capsulatum, confirming a diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703260/-publish-amp-perish-research-on-research-and-researchers
#14
J K Tijdink
In the last years many people have questioned the reliability of research results and the societal relevance of much of today's clinical research; they are critical too about the current publication culture in which scientists are judged according to the number of articles they have published, impact factors and citations.<br/> AIM: To make a close study of the publication culture that now prevails in the Dutch biomedical sciences. <br/> METHOD: Discussion of results described in the thesis entitled 'Publish and Perish; research on research and researchers'...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697656/impact-of-liver-transplantation-on-the-risk-of-second-malignant-tumors-among-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#15
Hani Oweira, Jan Schmidt, Daniel Helbling, Ulf Petrausch, Othmar Schöb, Arianeb Mehrabi, Anwar Giryes, Hazem Elhadedy, Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Population-based data on the development of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) following the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are uncommon. We evaluated this clinical vignette in HCC patients within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database (1973-2012) was queried using the SEER*Stat program to determine the clinico-pathological features of HCC patients with more than one year survival who developed SMNs...
July 12, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693162/kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-in-the-regional-lymph-nodes-with-node-metastasis-in-a-patient-with-tongue-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Tessho Maruyama, Kazuhide Nishihara, Masanao Saio, Toshiyuki Nakasone, Fumikazu Nimura, Akira Matayoshi, Takahiro Goto, Naoki Yoshimi, Akira Arasaki
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a rare self-limiting disorder typically affecting the cervical lymph nodes (LNs), which is often misdiagnosed as other LN-associated diseases. KFD frequently presents with necrotic lesions and recurrences, which are also features of metastatic LNs. Clinicians may thus suspect LN metastasis when they encounter ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy in a patient with head and neck cancer. The present study reports the case of a 48-year-old man with tongue cancer and KFD affecting the right edge of his tongue and ipsilateral cervical LNs...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683839/solitary-fibrous-tumour-of-the-tongue-a-series-of-four-cases
#17
M M Dungarwalla, A W Barrett, A Gulati
BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumour is a soft tissue tumour of mesenchymal origin. It was first described in the pleura and has since been reported in many anatomical locations. Thirteen cases in the tongue have hitherto been reported. A positive CD34 result has traditionally been used to confirm the diagnosis, although this is often non-specific to solitary fibrous tumour. To date, nuclear STAT6 expression has not been reported in solitary fibrous tumour of the tongue. METHOD: This paper presents a further four cases of solitary fibrous tumour of the tongue, the largest series to date...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681924/improved-transoral-dissection-of-the-tongue-base-with-a-next-generation-robotic-surgical-system
#18
Michelle M Chen, Ryan K Orosco, Gil Chai Lim, F Christopher Holsinger
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the application of a novel, flexible, single-port robotic surgical system for transoral tongue base resection, and compare it to the current multiport, rigid-arm robotic surgical system. STUDY DESIGN: Preclinical anatomic study using four human cadavers. METHODS: Transoral resection of the tongue base using the da Vinci Sp and the Si robotic surgical systems. A standardized operative procedure is outlined, and operative parameters were compared between robotic systems...
July 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679629/evaluation-of-ethyl-gallate-for-its-antioxidant-and-anticancer-property-against-chemical-induced-tongue-carcinogenesis-in-mice
#19
Shalini Mohan, Kalaivani Thiagarajan, Rajasekaran Chandrasekaran
Cancer raised in the oral cavity is one of the major causes of mortality worldwide and demand immediate attention. Regardless of the use of advanced treatment for oral cancer, successful treatment with cancer survival is less. Currently available drugs are though effective against cancer, treatment without toxic effects remains essential. This is quiet challenging leading to the identification of natural bioactive compounds for oral cancer treatment. Thus, a plant extract rich in phenolics was preferred to study the cellular, biochemical and molecular changes associated with oral carcinogenesis...
July 5, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670665/measurement-of-pharyngo-laryngeal-volume-during-swallowing-using-320-row-area-detector-computed-tomography
#20
Takatoshi Iida, Hitoshi Kagaya, Yoko Inamoto, Seiko Shibata, Eiichi Saitoh, Daisuke Kanamori, Shuji Hashimoto, Kazuhiro Katada, Haruka Tohara, Koichiro Ueda
This study aimed to (1) evaluate changes in bolus and air volumes in the pharyngo-laryngeal cavity during swallowing and (2) determine how differences in these volumes during swallowing are influenced by bolus amount using 320-row area detector computed tomography (320-ADCT). Three-, 10-, and 20-ml honey-thick liquids (5% w/v) were presented to ten healthy subjects placed in a 45° reclining position. 3D images were created in 29 phases at an interval of 0.1 s for 3.15 s. Changes in bolus and air volumes in the pharyngo-laryngeal cavity were calculated...
July 3, 2017: Dysphagia
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