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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646260/salt-appetite-and-the-influence-of-opioids
#1
Craig M Smith, Andrew J Lawrence
Due to the biological importance of sodium and its relative scarcity within many natural environments, 'salt appetite' has evolved whereby dietary salt is highly sought after and palatable when tasted. In addition to peripheral responses, salt depletion is detected within the brain via circumventricular organs and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (HSD2) neurons to increase salt appetite. Salt appetite is comprised of two main components. One component is the incentive salience or motivation for salt (i...
June 24, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642555/chlorhexidine-mouthwash-plaque-levels-and-gingival-health
#2
Derek Richards
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) Medline; clinicaltrials.gov and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. There were no language or date restrictions on searches.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of chlorhexidine mouthrinse used as an adjunct to mechanical oral hygiene procedures for at least four weeks on gingivitis in children and adults.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently abstracted data and assessed risk of bias...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639942/commissioning-of-the-tongue-and-groove-modelling-in-treatment-planning-systems-from-static-fields-to-vmat-treatments
#3
Victor Hernandez, Juan Antonio Vera-Sánchez, Laure Vieillevigne, Jordi Saez
Adequate modelling of the multi-leaf collimator (MLC) by treatment planning systems (TPS) is essential for accurate dose calculations in intensity-modulated radiation-therapy. For this reason modern TPSs incorporate MLC characteristics such as the leaf end curvature, MLC transmission and the tongue-and-groove. However, the modelling of the tongue-and-groove is often neglected during TPS commissioning and it is not known how accurate it is. This study evaluates the dosimetric consequences of the tongue-and-groove effect for two different MLC models using both film dosimetry and ionisation chambers...
June 22, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638410/low-survival-rates-of-oral-and-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Anna Carolina Omena Vasconcellos Le Campion, Camila Maria Beder Ribeiro, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Francisco Feliciano da Silva Júnior, Herbert Charles Silva Barros, Karine de Cássia Batista Dos Santos, Stefania Jeronimo Ferreira, Lucio Souza Gonçalves, Sonia Maria Soares Ferreira
AIM: To assess the epidemiological and clinical factors that influence the prognosis of oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-one cases of oral and oropharyngeal SCC were selected. The survival curves for each variable were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Cox regression model was applied to assess the effect of the variables on survival. RESULTS: Cancers at an advanced stage were observed in 103 patients (85...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631315/a-two-year-study-of-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-concentrations-in-drivers-part-2-physiological-signs-on-drug-recognition-expert-dre-and-non-dre-examinations
#5
Kari Declues, Shelli Perez, Ariana Figueroa
Whole blood samples were examined for ∆(9) -Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) over 2 years in drivers suspected of driving under the influence. Part one of the study examined the link between [THC] and performance on field sobriety tests. This portion examined objective signs, eye examinations and physiological indicators; and their relationship to the presence of THC. Several objective signs were excellent indicators of the presence of THC: red eyes (94%), droopy eyelids (85.6%), affected speech (87.6%), tongue coating (96...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628354/soft-tissue-enhancement-and-implant-placement-following-partial-mandibulectomy-due-to-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Fabio Bernardello, Giampietro Bertasi, Ralph Mackey Powers, Sergio Spinato, Andrea Viaggi, Jimmie Bullock, Pietro Felice
Many dental procedures allow for implant placement in partially or totally edentulous patients. Despite the availability of various implant and abutment types on the market, it often becomes quite challenging to achieve the biological and esthetic goals in a patient who has ridge deficiencies. Where problems will arise is from the lack of adequate bone quality and quantity.1,2 Soft tissue form and maintenance is also a consideration to evaluate.3 Primary reconstructive techniques following segmental mandibulectomy is evolving and improves quality of life...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625010/treatment-of-tongue-base-masses-in-children-by-transoral-robotic-surgery
#7
Fatma Tulin Kayhan, Ayse Pelin Yigider, Arzu Karaman Koc, Kamil Hakan Kaya, Ibrahim Erdim
The feasibility and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in children with tongue base masses (TBMs) were evaluated. Eight pediatric patients who were treated with TORS for TBMs between January 2010 and January 2016 at a tertiary hospital included in the study. All pathologies were congenital lesions: four were lingual thyroglossal ductus cysts (LTGDCs), one was a minor salivary gland tumor, one was a vallecular cyst, one was a bronchogenic cyst, and one was an ectopic thyroid tissue. TORS was performed successfully in all cases...
June 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624163/simultaneous-congenital-mucocoele-of-the-blandin-n%C3%A3-hn-glands-and-teratoma-of-the-tongue-early-management-and-follow-up-at-one-year
#8
Nathalie Pham Dang, Anne-Claire Melka, Hélène Laurichesse Delmas, Isabelle Barthélémy
Mucocoele of the Blandin-Nühn glands and teratomas of the tongue are rare in newborn babies. We present what is to our knowledge the first documented case of both at the same time, and describe management and follow up over 12 months after the birth. Prenatal diagnosis defined the treatment plan during delivery to establish an airway for the baby promptly. A normal delivery is possible if the cyst is anterior, and can be punctured during delivery. Delayed excision reduces the possibility of oedema and obstruction of the airway, ensures complete resection, avoids recurrence, and confirms the diagnosis...
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623555/goldenhar-syndrome-current-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Katarzyna Bogusiak, Aleksandra Puch, Piotr Arkuszewski
BACKGROUND: Progress in medical branches that has taken place since the first child with Goldenhare syndrome (GS) had been described in 1952 by Maurice Goldenhar, facilitated better understanding of this congenital defect. It also gave new perspectives and the opportunity to achieve satisfactory treatment results, mainly due to development of surgical techniques. DATA SOURCES: Based on the literature and own experience, we discussed the phenotype of presentation of GS, ethiopathogenesis, genetic counselling and treatment with particular emphasis on surgery correction of hemifacial microsomia...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621267/site-specific-oral-cancers-are-different-biological-entities
#10
Sachin C Sarode, Gargi Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
One of the imperative features of the oral cavity is the presence of different areas, which are characterized by unique sets of tissue organization. These regions are divided into lining mucosa (buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, alveolar mucosa, mucosa lining the ventral surface of the tongue, floor of the mouth, and soft palate) and masticatory mucosa (hard palate, attached gingiva, and dorsal surface of the tongue).(1).
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615025/copaiba-oil-resin-copaifera-reticulata-ducke-modulates-the-inflammation-in-a-model-of-injury-to-rats-tongues
#11
Francisco Bruno Teixeira, Raíra de Brito Silva, Osmar Alves Lameira, Liana Preto Webber, Roberta Souza D'Almeida Couto, Manoela Domingues Martins, Rafael Rodrigues Lima
BACKGROUND: The regeneration of integrity and tissue homeostasis after injury is a fundamental property and involves complex biological processes fully dynamic and interconnected. Although there are medications prescribed to accelerate the process of wound healing by reducing the exaggerated inflammatory response, comes the need to search for different compounds of Amazonian biodiversity that can contribute to the acceleration of the healing process. Among these products, the copaiba oil-resin is one of the most prominent feature in this scenario, as they have been reported its medicinal properties...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614459/the-contrast-between-alveolar-and-velar-stops-with-typical-speech-data-acoustic-and-articulatory-analyses
#12
Roberta Michelon Melo, Helena Bolli Mota, Larissa Cristina Berti
Purpose: This study used acoustic and articulatory analyses to characterize the contrast between alveolar and velar stops with typical speech data, comparing the parameters (acoustic and articulatory) of adults and children with typical speech development. Methods: The sample consisted of 20 adults and 15 children with typical speech development. The analyzed corpus was organized through five repetitions of each target-word (/'kap ə/, /'tapə/, /'galo/ e /'daɾə/)...
June 8, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610739/histologic-and-immunohistochemical-identification-of-cribriform-adenocarcinoma
#13
Rashidah Wiley, Aditya Kalgi, Renee Reich, Paul Freedman
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether tumors originally classified as adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified (Adca-NOS), adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) could be reclassified as cribriform adenocarcinoma of the tongue and minor salivary gland (CATMSG). STUDY DESIGN: Tumors diagnosed between 1992 and 2014 at Oral Pathology Laboratory, Inc. (New York Presbyterian Hospital) were selected. Each tumor was reviewed by 3 oral pathologists to confirm the diagnosis of CATMSG...
July 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606658/various-combinations-of-velopharyngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-surgical-procedures-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-single-stage-multilevel-surgery
#14
Murat Binar, Omer Karakoc, Timur Akcam, Burak Asik, Mustafa Gerek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and outcomes of velopharyngeal surgeries combined with hypopharyngeal surgeries as single-stage interventions for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of operated patients. The velopharyngeal surgical interventions were uvulopalatal flap, anterior palatoplasty, expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty, transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty, Cahali lateral pharyngoplasty, Z-palatoplasty, and modified uvulopalatopharyngoplasty...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603602/a-rare-case-of-perianal-granular-cell-tumor-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Emily F Kelly, Alan A Stein, Xiaoling Charlene Ma, Jose Yeguez
Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare submucosal neoplasm most commonly localized in the oral mucosa; with one-third of all cases found in the tongue, with less than 30 cases of perianal GCT reported in the literature, making it a rare anal neoplasm. Wide local excision is the gold standard of treatment and follow-up includes annual colonoscopy due to the high incidence of reoccurrence. Here we describe a rare case of benign perianal GCT in a 29-year-old female who presented asymptomatically; however, pathology report revealed a S100 positive immunostaining pattern...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600871/substitution-urethroplasty-using-oral-mucosa-graft-for-male-anterior-urethral-stricture-disease-current-topics-and-reviews
#16
REVIEW
Akio Horiguchi
Male anterior urethral stricture is scarring of the subepithelial tissue of the corpus spongiosum that constricts the urethral lumen, decreasing the urinary stream. Its surgical management is a challenging problem, and has changed dramatically in the past several decades. Open surgical repair using grafts or flaps, called substitution urethroplasty, has become the gold standard procedure for anterior urethral strictures that are not amenable to excision and primary anastomosis. Oral mucosa harvested from the inner cheek (buccal mucosa) is an ideal material, and is most commonly used for substitution urethroplasty, and lingual mucosa harvested from the underside of the tongue has recently emerged as an alternative material with equivalent outcome...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595986/oral-foregut-duplication-cysts-a-rare-and-fascinating-congenital-lesion-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Kurt J Knowles, Juraj Berkovic, Anil Gungor, Majd Al Shaarani, Valerie Lockhart, Firas Al-Delphi, Elba A Turbat-Herrera
Oral foregut duplication cysts are extremely rare lesions with approximately 57 cases reported. They are congenital cysts, located in the anterior or ventral tongue, and occur predominantly in males. They are lined by one or more types of epithelia which is limited to gastric, intestinal or respiratory epithelium. The differential diagnosis includes lymphangioma, hemangioma, ranula, epidermoid cyst, teratoma and less likely a malignant process.
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591237/association-between-pathogens-from-tracheal-aspirate-and-oral-biofilm-of-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation
#18
Luana Carneiro Diniz Souza, Vanise Barros Rodrigues da Mota, Alícia Valéria Dos Santos Zaranza de Carvalho, Rita da Graça Carvalhal Frazão Corrêa, Silvana Amado Libério, Fernanda Ferreira Lopes
The aim of this study was to detect possible associations between respiratory pathogens from tracheal aspirate and oral biofilm samples in intubated patients in an intensive care unit (ICU), and to identify the most common respiratory pathogens in oral biofilm, particularly in patients that developed ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Two oral biofilm samples were collected from the tongue of intubated patients (at admission and after 48 hours) and analyzed by culture with the Antibiotic Sensitivity Test...
June 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590517/flower-specialization-the-occluded-corolla-of-snapdragons-antirrhinum-exhibits-two-pollinator-niches-of-large-long-tongued-bees
#19
Pablo Vargas, Isabel Liberal, Concepción Ornosa, Jose María Gómez
• Flower specialization of angiosperms includes the occluded corollas of snapdragons (Antirrhinum and some relatives), which have been postulated to be one of the most efficient structures to physical limit access to pollinators. The Iberian Peninsula harbours the highest number of species (18 Iberian of the 20 species of Antirrhinum) that potentially share similar pollinator fauna. • Crossing experiments with 18 Iberian species from this study and literature revealed a general pattern of self-incompatibility-failure in this SI system has been also observed in a few plants-, which indicates the need of pollinator agents in Antirrhinum pollination...
June 7, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585431/sensory-quality-evaluation-for-appearance-of-needle-shaped-green-tea-based-on-computer-vision-and-nonlinear-tools
#20
Chun-Wang Dong, Hong-Kai Zhu, Jie-Wen Zhao, Yong-Wen Jiang, Hai-Bo Yuan, Quan-Sheng Chen
Tea is one of the three greatest beverages in the world. In China, green tea has the largest consumption, and needle-shaped green tea, such as Maofeng tea and Sparrow Tongue tea, accounts for more than 40% of green tea (Zhu et al., 2017). The appearance of green tea is one of the important indexes during the evaluation of green tea quality. Especially in market transactions, the price of tea is usually determined by its appearance (Zhou et al., 2012). Human sensory evaluation is usually conducted by experts, and is also easily affected by various factors such as light, experience, psychological and visual factors...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
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