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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787680/revision-lingual-frenotomy-improves-patient-reported-breastfeeding-outcomes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Bobak A Ghaheri, Melissa Cole, Jess C Mace
BACKGROUND: Lingual frenotomy improves patient-reported outcome measures, including infant reflux and maternal nipple pain, and prolongs the nursing relationship; however, many mother-infant dyads continue to experience breastfeeding difficulty despite having had a frenotomy. Research aim: The aim of this study was to determine how incomplete release of the tethered lingual frenulum may result in persistent breastfeeding difficulties. METHODS: A one-group, observational, prospective cohort study was conducted...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781118/ballistic-tongue-projection-in-a-miniaturized-salamander
#2
Stephen M Deban, Segall V Bloom
Miniaturization of body size is often accompanied by peculiarities in morphology that can have functional consequences. We examined the feeding behavior and morphology of the miniaturized plethodontid salamander Thorius, one of the smallest vertebrates, to determine if its performance and biomechanics differ from those of its larger relatives. High-speed imaging and dynamics analysis of feeding at a range of temperatures show that tongue projection in Thorius macdougalli is ballistic and achieves accelerations of up to 600 G with low thermal sensitivity, indicating that tongue projection is powered by an elastic-recoil mechanism...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775861/screening-methylation-of-dna-repair-genes-in-the-oral-mucosa-of-chronic-smokers
#3
Celina Faig Lima Carta, Mônica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves, Patrícia Pimentel de Barros, Márcia Sampaio Campos, Jaqueline Scholz, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Fábio Daumas Nunes, Janete Dias Almeida
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epigenetic changes in the process of oral carcinogenesis by screening the methylation of repair genes in chronic smokers. DESIGN: Two groups were formed: Group 1: 16 smokers with consumption of 20 cigarettes/day for at least 10 years; and Group 2: 10 non-smoking. Exfoliative cytology of the tongue was performed, and the extracted DNA was treated by enzymes. The PCR Array System performed methylation screening to evaluate 22 DNA repair genes, and the results were validated by RT-qPCR for each gene with methylation levels ≥10%...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774953/dermoscopic-patterns-of-filiform-papillae-of-the-tongue-in-patients-with-and-without-connective-tissue-autoimmune-diseases
#4
José Manuel Díaz-González, María E Vega-Memije, Adalberto Mosqueda-Taylor, Víctor Noé García-Edgar, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González
BACKGROUND: Connective tissue autoimmune diseases (CTADs) constitute a group of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis; systemic lupus erythematosus; mixed connective tissue disease; calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia (CREST) syndrome; scleroderma; dermatomyositis; and Sjögren syndrome. There are few studies on the alterations in filiform papillae in CTAD. Thus, the objective of this work was to determine whether there are changes in the macroscopic and dermoscopic patterns of filiform papillae...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774211/3d-printed-e-tongue
#5
Gabriel Gaál, Tatiana A da Silva, Vladimir Gaál, Rafael C Hensel, Lucas R Amaral, Varlei Rodrigues, Antonio Riul
Nowadays, one of the biggest issues addressed to electronic sensor fabrication is the build-up of efficient electrodes as an alternative way to the expensive, complex and multistage processes required by traditional techniques. Printed electronics arises as an interesting alternative to fulfill this task due to the simplicity and speed to stamp electrodes on various surfaces. Within this context, the Fused Deposition Modeling 3D printing is an emerging, cost-effective and alternative technology to fabricate complex structures that potentiates several fields with more creative ideas and new materials for a rapid prototyping of devices...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773283/tongue-psoriasis-clinical-aspects-and-analysis-of-epidemiological-associations-in-313-children-with-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
D Pourchot, C Chiaverini, E Bourrat, S Barbarot, P Vabres, T Hubiche, C Droicourt, M Piram, I Kupfer-Bessaguet, M Ferneiny, E Puzenat, X Balguérie, A Beauchet, A-C Bursztejn, E Mahé
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the prevalence and clinical aspects of tongue involvement in children with psoriasis. The aim was to evaluate the prevalence, clinical aspects and risk factors concerning tongue involvement in children with psoriasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in two stages. We performed a multicentre, cross-sectional study in 23 French dermatology centers. All children seen for psoriasis during the one-year study were systematically included...
May 14, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771835/the-arterialized-facial-artery-musculo-mucosal-island-flap-for-post-oncological-tongue-reconstruction
#7
Alessandro Moro, Gianmarco Saponaro, Piero Doneddu, Daniele Cervelli, Sandro Pelo, Giulio Gasparini, Umberto Garagiola, Giuseppe D'Amato, Mattia Todaro
BACKGROUND: In 1992, Pribaz described the facial artery musculomucosal flap (FAMM), an axial musculomucosal flap based on the facial artery. The FAMM flap, a modification of the nasolabial and buccal mucosal flaps, is widely used in the reconstruction of defects in the oral cavity. Many modifications of this flap have been described in the literature. Here we aimed to explore the use of an arterialized tunnelized FAMM island flap (a-FAMMIF) for the reconstruction tongue defects after tumor resection...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771831/barbed-hyoglossomandibulopexia-a-preclinical-study-on-human-anatomic-models
#8
Mario Mantovani, Vittorio Rinaldi, Sara Torretta, Roberto Trojsi, Daniela Carioli, Lorenzo Pignataro
The retrobasilingual space is the one of the most frequent sites of obstruction in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome, and several multilevel surgical procedures have been developed. The authors tested by means a preclinical study the feasibility of a new experimental surgical procedure called barbed hyoglossomandibulopexia (B.Hy.G.M.P.) which aims at advancing the tongue base with the hyoid bone (hyo-glossopexia) by multiple plicatures at the oral floor muscles.B.Hy.G.M.P. was performed during cadaveric dissection on 12 human models...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765867/tongue-reshaping-a-new-surgical-method-to-prevent-self-sucking-in-dairy-cows
#9
Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif
Self-sucking behaviors lead to substantial milk loss and inflammation of the udder and teats among dairy cows. Both conservative and surgical approaches are available to prevent such behavior; however, the current methods are limited by variable efficacy and risk of complications. The objective of the present study was to evaluate a new minimally invasive technique for reshaping of the tongue to prevent self-sucking. The current technique was performed on five mixed breed dairy cows aged 4-6 years and with a mean weight 320 kgs...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761586/preoperative-predictors-of-occult-nodal-disease-in-ct1n0-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-review-of-2623-cases
#10
Kevin Y Zhan, Patrick F Morgan, David M Neskey, Joanne J Kim, Andrew T Huang, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Terry A Day
BACKGROUND: Nodal disease predicts survival in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Currently, no large studies on predictors of occult nodal disease in cT1N0 oral cavity SCC exist. METHODS: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) review for cT1N0 oral cavity SCC with surgical resection and elective neck dissection (END). RESULTS: The number of patients found with occult nodal disease was 2623 (15.1%). In multivariable regression, female sex and tumor differentiation predict occult nodal disease...
May 14, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761381/impaired-tongue-function-as-an-indicator-of-laryngeal-aspiration-in-adults-with-acquired-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#11
Martin Checklin, Tania Pizzari
Tongue function assessment typically forms part of a clinical bedside swallowing evaluation (CBSE). The predictive value of lingual function for calculating aspiration risk in isolation is not known. The aim of this systematic review was to collate current evidence on the utility of assessing lingual deficits for predicting aspiration. Health databases Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, SpeechBITE, AMED and Embase were searched from inception to November 2016. Studies were included if there was a comparison between a clinical lingual assessment (index test) and aspiration on instrumental assessments (reference test) in adults who had been diagnosed with oropharyngeal dysphagia...
May 14, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761380/saliva-production-and-enjoyment-of-real-food-flavors-in-people-with-and-without-dysphagia-and-or-xerostomia
#12
Angela M Dietsch, Cathy A Pelletier, Nancy Pearl Solomon
Non-food gustatory stimulation has multiple potential therapeutic benefits for people with dysphagia and xerostomia. This study examined palatability and saliva flow associated with dissolvable flavored films. Taste strips with real-food flavors dissolved on the tongues of 21 persons with dysphagia and/or xerostomia and 21 healthy age- and sex-matched adults while sublingual gauze pads absorbed saliva over randomized 3-min trials. Participants rated taste enjoyment for each trial on a hedonic general labeled magnitude scale...
May 14, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758979/developmental-screening-tool-accuracy-and-feasibility-of-non-invasive-anaemia-estimation
#13
Raja Muthalagu, Vijayan Thulasi Bai, Doreen Gracias, Sheila John
Anaemia is predicted as one of the serious communal health issue in the world. The deficiency exists most common among children and women. A substantial issue prevails in providing quality healthcare services to rural communities, which remains a challenge to health service providers throughout the world. Traditionally physician and health workers recognized anaemia from certain clinical findings, such as pallor of the conjunctivae, nail beds, lips, tongue, and oral mucosa. Confirmation of anaemic condition through physical examination of Dorsum of a tongue or lower bulbar conjunctiva is a subjective analysis...
April 30, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747693/blood-hyperviscosity-identification-with-reflective-spectroscopy-of-tongue-tip-based-on-principal-component-analysis-combining-artificial-neural-network
#14
Ming Liu, Jing Zhao, XiaoZuo Lu, Gang Li, Taixia Wu, LiFu Zhang
BACKGROUND: With spectral methods, noninvasive determination of blood hyperviscosity in vivo is very potential and meaningful in clinical diagnosis. In this study, 67 male subjects (41 health, and 26 hyperviscosity according to blood sample analysis results) participate. METHODS: Reflectance spectra of subjects' tongue tips is measured, and a classification method bases on principal component analysis combined with artificial neural network model is built to identify hyperviscosity...
May 10, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745365/the-golden-jackal-canis-aureus-as-an-indicator-animal-for-trichinella-britovi-in-iran
#15
Aliakbar Shamsian, Edoardo Pozio, Abdolmajid Fata, Zahra Navi, Elham Moghaddas
Nematodes of the genus Trichinella are zoonotic parasites causing trichinellosis. In Iran, these parasites occur in several animal species and rare cases have been recorded in humans. To monitor the epidemiological pattern of these parasites in the Khorasan-e-Razavi province, Northeastern Iran, muscle tissues were collected from the tongues of roadkill animals between 2016 and 2017: 295 stray dogs, one red fox (Vulpes vulpes), 12 golden jackals (Canis aureus), and one wild boar (Sus scrofa). Trichinella spp...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737577/gross-morphology-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-of-the-bagrus-bayad-forskal-1775-oropharyngeal-cavity-with-emphasis-to-teeth-food-adaptation
#16
Mohamed A M Alsafy, Naglaa F Bassuoni, Basma G Hanafy
Bagrus Bayad (Forskal, 1775) is a bottom feeder fish feeds on different food items. Its oral cavity anatomy has many types of teeth adapted to the capacity and varieties of feeding. The aim of the present study was to use the gross anatomy and scanning electron microscopy to identify the anatomical characteristic, especially of the teeth and taste buds distributed on the roof and floor of the oropharyngeal cavity. The results clarified that Bagrus Bayad has two types of teeth; curved pointed and blunt teeth of different sizes...
May 8, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733067/estudio-cl%C3%A3-nico-de-200-pacientes-con-estomatitis-aftosa-recurrente
#17
Alberto Rodríguez-Archilla, Tarik Raissouni
Introducción: La estomatitis aftosa recurrente (EAR) afecta aproximadamente a 20 % de la población general. Su etiología aún se desconoce. Objetivo: Analizar las características clínicas de esta entidad. Método: En 200 pacientes con EAR se analizó edad, sexo, historia familiar de EAR, edad de aparición del primer episodio, síntomas prodrómicos, número, tamaño, morfología y localización de las lesiones, forma clínica de EAR, tasa anual de recurrencia, factores predisponentes, sintomatología, tiempo de desaparición de los síntomas y las lesiones...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723378/oral-mucosa-lesions-as-atypical-manifestation-of-adult-onset-still%C3%A2-s-disease
#18
María Lorena Brance, Eldo Luis Neffen
Adult-onset Still's disease is a systemic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by skin rash, spiking fever, arthralgias or arthritis, and leukocytosis. The typical skin rash is evanescent, salmon-pink, nonpruritic and maculopapular, predominantly on the extremities. It is considered one of the major Yamaguchi's criteria in adult-onset Still's disease. However, atypical skin lesions are also described. Here, a 61-year-old woman with sore throat, spiking fever, polyarthritis and evanescent salmon-pink nonpruritic maculopapular skin rash on the extremities was diagnosed with adult-onset Still's disease...
March 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720147/crbp-1-over-expression-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Yue Chen, Tian Tian, Min-Jie Mao, Wei-Ye Deng, Hao Li
BACKGROUND: Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is one of the most common malignancies of oral squamous cell carcinomas. Cellular retinol binding protein-1 (CRBP-1) as a carrier protein transports retinol from the liver storage site to peripheral tissue. Up-regulated expression of CRBP-1 is associated with some tumor types such as prostate cancer, breast cancer and ovarian cancer as reported, but its role in TSCC remains uncertain. METHODS: In this study, an integrated bioinformatics analysis based on the multiple cancer microarray data sets available from Oncomine database was conducted to view the differential expression of CRBP-1 between TSCC and the adjacent non-tumorous tissues...
May 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720139/patients-understanding-of-telemedicine-terms-required-for-informed-consent-when-translated-into-kiswahili
#20
Rachael Odhiambo, Maurice Mars
BACKGROUND: In Africa, where access to specialist medical services is often limited, telemedicine, the use of information and communication technologies for the provision of healthcare at a distance, can contribute towards enhancing access to healthcare. Informed consent is considered the cornerstone of ethical practice, especially when technology and techniques are considered new and or unproven. It is advised that informed consent should be gained in the patient's mother tongue. However, many African languages have not kept pace with technology and lack the words and terms needed to describe computing and technical terms...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
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