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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210452/ewing-sarcoma-of-the-oral-cavity-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Maria Margaix-Muñoz, José Bagán, Rafael Poveda-Roda
OBJECTIVES: A review is made of the clinical, diagnostic, therapeutic and survival characteristics of Ewing sarcoma (ES) of the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out, with restrictions referred to time (1960-2014), language (English and Spanish) and type of study (case reports, letters, datasets, reviews). The following MeSH terms and boolean operators were used: Ewing AND Sarcoma AND [tongue, jaw, maxilla, cheek, condyle OR temporomandibular, floor AND mouth, gum OR gingiva, palate OR palatal, lip, uvula, head AND neck]...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208439/smallest-chimera-states
#2
Yuri Maistrenko, Serhiy Brezetsky, Patrycja Jaros, Roman Levchenko, Tomasz Kapitaniak
We demonstrate that chimera behavior can be observed in small networks consisting of three identical oscillators, with mutual all-to-all coupling. Three different types of chimeras, characterized by the coexistence of two coherent oscillators and one incoherent oscillator (i.e., rotating with another frequency) have been identified, where the oscillators show periodic (two types) and chaotic (one type) behaviors. Typical bifurcations at the transitions from full synchronization to chimera states and between different types of chimeras have been described...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207995/impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-during-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy
#3
Carlos Torre, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Clete A Kushida, Vladimir Nekhendzy, Leh-Kiong Huon, Robson Capasso
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to understand the differential impact of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) on the location, degree, and pattern of airway collapse in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) patients utilizing Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE). STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomized trial. SETTING: University Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: 15 consecutive OSA patients undergoing DISE. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The patterns of airway collapse were videorecorded at baseline and under differential application of nasal CPAP (nCPAP) at 5,10, and 15 cm H2 O...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205594/genome-editing-reveals-dmrt1-as-an-essential-male-sex-determining-gene-in-chinese-tongue-sole-cynoglossus-semilaevis
#4
Zhongkai Cui, Yun Liu, Wenwen Wang, Qian Wang, Ning Zhang, Fan Lin, Na Wang, Changwei Shao, Zhongdian Dong, Yangzhen Li, Yingming Yang, Mengzhu Hu, Hailong Li, Fengtao Gao, Zhanfei Wei, Liang Meng, Yang Liu, Min Wei, Ying Zhu, Hua Guo, Christopher H K Cheng, Manfred Schartl, Songlin Chen
Chinese tongue sole is a marine fish with ZW sex determination. Genome sequencing suggested that the Z-linked dmrt1 is a putative male determination gene, but direct genetic evidence is still lacking. Here we show that TALEN of dmrt1 efficiently induced mutations of this gene. The ZZ dmrt1 mutant fish developed ovary-like testis, and the spermatogenesis was disrupted. The female-related genes foxl2 and cyp19a1a were significantly increased in the gonad of the ZZ dmrt1 mutant. Conversely, the male-related genes Sox9a and Amh were significantly decreased...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201986/the-origin-of-chow-chows-in-the-light-of-the-east-asian-breeds
#5
Hechuan Yang, Guodong Wang, Meng Wang, Yaping Ma, Tingting Yin, Ruoxi Fan, Hong Wu, Li Zhong, David M Irwin, Weiwei Zhai, Yaping Zhang
BACKGROUND: East Asian dog breeds are one of the most ancient groups of dogs that radiated after the domestication of the dog and represent the most basal lineages of dog evolution. Among these, the Chow Chow is an ancient breed that embodies very distinct morphological and physiological features, such as sturdy build, dense coat, and blue/purple tongue. RESULTS: Using a Restricted site Associated DNA (RAD) sequencing approach, we sequenced the genomes of nine Chow Chows from China...
February 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186847/cytogenetic-biomonitoring-in-individuals-exposed-to-cone-beam-ct%C3%AF-comparison-among-exfoliated-buccal-mucosa-cells%C3%AF-cells-of-tongue-and-epithelial-gingival-cells
#6
Pan Yang, Shuai Hao, Xu Gong, Gang Li
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate chromosomal damage and cytotoxicity in exfoliated buccal mucosa cells,cells of tongue and epithelial gingival cells from adults following cone beam CT scan, and to compare the sensitivity of the different exfoliated cells to a same dosage of ionizing radiation. METHODS: The study included 46 healthy participants (median age 27 years; age range 23-42 years) who had a cone beam CT scan. Exfoliated mucosa cells were collected immediately before the CBCT scan and 10 days after...
February 10, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184328/frequency-of-candidiasis-and-colonization-of-candida-albicans-in-relation-to-oral-contraceptive-pills
#7
Atousa Aminzadeh, Ali Sabeti Sanat, Saeed Nik Akhtar
BACKGROUND: Candidiasis, the infection caused by Candida albicans, is one of the most common infections of the oral cavity in humans. Candidiasis causes irritation and is known for its carcinogenic effects. Thus, it is important to recognize the predisposing factors for this opportunistic infection. Several previous studies have demonstrated an increased frequency of vaginal candidiasis in relation to oral contraceptive consumption. OBJECTIVES: Only a few studies on the relation between oral contraceptives and oral candidiasis have been previously conducted...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163851/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-dystemprament-sue-mizaj-and-treatments-and-management-of-diseases-ilaj-and-eslah-e-mizaj
#8
REVIEW
Sepide Miraj, Samira Alesaeidi, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for diseases as well as special types of management (avoidance). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the relationship between dystemprament and treatment and management of diseases. METHODS: A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local sources from 1965 to 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160592/development-of-proliferative-verrucous-leukoplakia-pvl-in-oral-lichen-planus-is-it-not-a-clinical-spectrum-of-pvl
#9
D-T Fernandes, A-R Santos-Silva, P-A Vargas, M-A Lopes
In their recent publication, Garcia-Pola et al. (2016) suggested the development of proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) in oral lichen planus (OLP). It was described as a preliminary study, where this association supposedly occurred (1). They presented a retrospective analysis with a long-term follow-up, showing an interesting relationship between these lesions. It is important to emphasize that the clinical profile of patients with PVL is well recognized in the literature, mainly affecting non-smoking and non-drinking elderly women, older than 60 years (2-4)...
February 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160234/morphological-study-of-the-european-hedgehog-erinaceus-europaeus-tongue-by-sem-and-lm
#10
Ghasem Akbari, Mohammad Babaei, Belal Hassanzadeh
The hedgehog tongue is a tactile and taste organ which carries out various functions. Detailed functional and morphological studies are required to clearly define the relationship of the hedgehog tongue with taste, food palatability, mastication and swallowing of food, as well as the production of sounds. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the morphological characteristics of the European hedgehog tongue and the lifestyle of this animal, as well as to compare findings with the results of studies on other vertebrates...
February 3, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153626/contralateral-interlaminar-keyhole-percutaneous-endoscopic-surgery-in-patients-with-unilateral-radiculopathy-technical-notes
#11
Jae Ha Hwang, Cheul Woong Park
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous endoscopic surgery is increasingly used as an alternative to open microsurgery for treating lumbar spinal diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of contralateral keyhole endoscopic surgery (CKES) for treating unilateral radiculopathy. METHODS: We performed percutaneous endoscopic sublaminar decompression via the contralateral interlaminar approach in 14 patients with unilateral radiculopathy. All procedures were performed under epidural anesthesia...
January 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149482/transient-lingual-papillitis-a-retrospective-study-of-11-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Eleni-Marina Kalogirou, Konstantinos I Tosios, Nikolaos G Nikitakis, Georgios Kamperos, Alexandra Sklavounou
BACKGROUND: Transient lingual papillitis (TLP) is a common, under-diagnosed, inflammatory hyperplasia of one or multiple fungiform lingual that has an acute onset, and is painful and transient in nature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven cases of TLP were diagnosed based on their clinical features. Information on demographics, clinical characteristics, symptoms, individual or family history of similar lesions, medical history, management and follow-up were extracted from the patients' records...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133552/soft-tissue-schwannomas-of-the-hard-palate-and-the-mandibular-mentum
#13
Cennet Neslihan Eroglu, Serap Keskin Tunc, Omer Gunhan
Schwannomas are benign, slow growing, encapsulated tumours that originate from the Schwann cells. Intraoral schwannomas are rare, and most of these tumours involve the tongue. They are rarely located in the hard palate or in the facial soft tissue. Herein, we present the clinical and histological features as well as the prognoses of two male patients with schwannoma, one of which was localized to the hard palate and the other to the facial soft tissue around the mandibular mentum and caused swelling.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128465/oro-facial-impairment-in-stroke-patients
#14
REVIEW
Martin Schimmel, Takahiro Ono, Otto L T Lam, Frauke Müller
Stroke is considered one of the leading causes of death and acquired disability with a peak prevalence over the age of 80 years. Stroke may cause debilitating neurological deficiencies that frequently result in sensory deficits, motor impairment, muscular atrophy, cognitive deficits and psychosocial impairment. Oro-facial impairment may occur due to the frequent involvement of the cranial nerves' cortical representation areas, central nervous system pathways or motoneuron pools. The aim of this narrative, non-systematic review is to discuss the implications of stroke on oro-facial functions and Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123333/clinical-molecular-and-genetic-evaluation-of-galactosemia-in-turkish-children
#15
Sezen Ugan Atik, Semra Gürsoy, Tuba Koçkar, Hasan Önal, Servet Erdal Adal
AIM: Galactosemia is a carbohydrate metabolism disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance. The most frequent enzyme deficiency is galactose-1-phosphate-uridylytransferase, which causes classic galactosemia. When the enzyme is absent, an infant cannot metabolize galactose-1-phosphate and it cumulates in liver, kidney, brain, tongue, lens, and skin. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and molecular characteristics of patients with galactosemia, which is observed more frequently in our country than anywhere else in the world...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122465/clinical-profile-and-triggering-factors-for-acquired-bilateral-nevus-of-ota-like-macules
#16
Qi Zhang, Cheng Tan, Pei Jiang, Gang Yang
BACKGROUD Acquired, bilateral nevus of Ota-like macules (ABNOM) is one of the most common dermal melanocytoses. Although there are some literatures on ABNOM, its clinical features and etiopathogenetic factors have not been fully understood. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and characteristics of ABNOM among the Chinese patients. METHODS A survey was carried out using the clinical examination and a questionnaire on 3,212 first-time outpatients in our dermatology department, and 102 cases of ABNOM were subsequently enrolled...
January 25, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117824/ultrasound-images-of-the-tongue-a-tutorial-for-assessment-and-remediation-of-speech-sound-errors
#17
Jonathan L Preston, Tara McAllister Byun, Suzanne E Boyce, Sarah Hamilton, Mark Tiede, Emily Phillips, Ahmed Rivera-Campos, Douglas H Whalen
Diagnostic ultrasound imaging has been a common tool in medical practice for several decades. It provides a safe and effective method for imaging structures internal to the body. There has been a recent increase in the use of ultrasound technology to visualize the shape and movements of the tongue during speech, both in typical speakers and in clinical populations. Ultrasound imaging of speech has greatly expanded our understanding of how sounds articulated with the tongue (lingual sounds) are produced. Such information can be particularly valuable for speech-language pathologists...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111787/the-flehmen-response-and-pseudosuckling-in-a-captive-juvenile-southern-sea-otter-enhydra-lutris-nereis
#18
Heide D Island, Julia Wengeler, Hannah Claussenius-Kalman
A juvenile, female sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) was observed in 43 instances of the flehmen response over 19 days from May through July of 2015 at the Oregon Zoo. In all flehmen grimace observations, the juvenile sea otter engaged in nibbling, nosing, or licking the peri-mammary or anogenital areas of a non-lactating, geriatric female sea otter. The flehmen behavior observed was consisted with the sequences of behavior documented in other mammals, lifting the head, elevating the nose to the air, retracting the upper lip slightly, and manipulating her mystacial vibrissae back and forth while rapidly inspiring air through her mouth in quick succession, tongue extruded...
January 23, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109977/c-fos-expression-in-the-parabrachial-nucleus-following-intraoral-bitter-stimulation-in-the-rat-with-dietary-induced-zinc-deficiency
#19
Akiyo Kawano, Shiho Honma, Chizuko Inui-Yamamoto, Akira Ito, Hitoshi Niwa, Satoshi Wakisaka
Zinc deficiency causes various symptoms including taste disorders. In the present study, changes in expression of c-Fos immunoreactivity in neurons of the parabrachial nucleus (PBN), one of the relay nuclei for transmission of gustatory information, after bitter stimulation to the dorsal surface of the tongue were examined in zinc-deficient rats. Experimental zinc-deficient animals were created by feeding a low-zinc diet for 4 weeks, and showed the following symptoms of zinc deficiency: low body weight, low serum zinc content and behavioral changes to avoid bitter stimulation...
January 18, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103545/a-multimodal-speech-capture-system-for-speech-rehabilitation-and-learning
#20
Nordine Sebkhi, Dhyey Desai, Mohammad Islam, Jun Lu, Kimberly Wilson, Maysam Ghovanloo
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are trained to correct articulation of people diagnosed with motor speech disorders by analyzing articulators' motion and assessing speech outcome while patients speak. To assist SLPs in this task, we are presenting the Multimodal Speech Capture System (MSCS) that records and displays kinematics of key speech articulators, the tongue and lips, along with voice, using unobtrusive methods. Collected speech modalities, tongue motion, lips gestures, and voice, are visualized not only in real-time to provide patients with instant feedback but also offline to allow SLPs to perform post-analysis of articulators' motion, particularly the tongue, with its prominent but hardly visible role in articulation...
January 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
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