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dorsal root ganglion stimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423889/origins-of-antidromic-activity-in-sensory-afferent-fibers-and-neurogenic-inflammation
#1
REVIEW
Linda S Sorkin, Kelly A Eddinger, Sarah A Woller, Tony L Yaksh
Neurogenic inflammation results from the release of biologically active agents from the peripheral primary afferent terminal. This release reflects the presence of releasable pools of active product and depolarization-exocytotic coupling mechanisms in the distal afferent terminal and serves to alter the physiologic function of innervated organ systems ranging from the skin and meninges to muscle, bone, and viscera. Aside from direct stimulation, this biologically important release from the peripheral afferent terminal can be initiated by antidromic activity arising from five anatomically distinct points of origin: (i) afferent collaterals at the peripheral-target organ level, (ii) afferent collaterals arising proximal to the target organ, (iii) from mid-axon where afferents lacking myelin sheaths (C fibers and others following demyelinating injuries) may display crosstalk and respond to local irritation, (iv) the dorsal root ganglion itself, and (v) the central terminals of the afferent in the dorsal horn where local circuits and bulbospinal projections can initiate the so-called dorsal root reflexes, i...
February 8, 2018: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421543/sigma-1-receptor-mediated-hmgb1-expression-in-spinal-cord-is-involved-in-the-development-of-diabetic-neuropathic-pain
#2
Xiaolei Wang, Chang Feng, Yong Qiao, Xin Zhao
No study has been conducted to examine the interactions of sigma-1 receptor (Sigma-1R) and high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) in the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Thus, we examined the effects of streptozotocin (STZ) treatment on expression of HMGB1 in subcellular levels in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in both wild-type and Sigma-1R-/- mice and evaluated the effects of repeated intrathecal administrations of selective Sigma-1R antagonists BD1047, agonist PRE-084, or HMGB1 inhibitor glycyrrhizin on peripheral neuropathy in wild-type mice...
February 5, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383888/-effect-of-electroacupuncture-on-pain-reaction-and-content-of-proteinase-activated-receptors-2-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-in-hyperalgesia-rats
#3
Hai-Yu Hu, Jia-Wei Ding, Ye-Qi Wu, Ya-Nan Xiang, Jian-Qiao Fang, Li-Hua Xuan, Jun-Ying Du, Jun-Fan Fang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on mechanical hyperalgesia threshold (MHTs) and thermal hyperalgesia threshold (THTs) and content of proteinase-activated receptors 2 (PAR 2) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in rats with inflammatory pain, so as to explore its peripheral mechanism underlying improvement of inflammatory pain. METHODS: The present study contains two parts. 1) In the first part, 27 male SD rats were randomized into sham hyperalgesic priming (sham-HP) group and real hyperalgesic priming (HP) group (n=5 in the sham-HP group and n=6 in the HP group for the test of MHTs, n=8 in the two groups for the test of THTs)...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382567/fibroblast-growth-factor-type-1-receptor-stimulation-of-t-type-ca2-channels-in-sensory-neurons-requires-the-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-and-protein-kinase-a-pathways-independently-of-akt
#4
Weibing Si, Yuan Zhang, Kun Chen, Dan Hu, Zhiyuan Qian, Shan Gong, Hua Li, Yuefeng Hao, Jin Tao
Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) secreted by osteocytes is known as a circulating factor that is essential for phosphate homeostasis. Recent studies have implicated FGF-23 in the nociceptive signalling of peripheral sensory neurons. However, the relevant mechanisms underlying this effect are not known. In this study, we determine the role of FGF-23 in regulating T-type Ca2+ channels (T-type channels) in small-diameter dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in mice. Our results show that FGF-23 increases T-type channel currents in a concentration-dependent manner...
January 27, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377442/mechanisms-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-in-pain-suppression-a-computational-modeling-analysis
#5
Alexander R Kent, Xiaoyi Min, Quinn H Hogan, Jeffery M Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation for chronic pain remain unclear. The objective of this work was to explore the neurophysiological effects of DRG stimulation using computational modeling. METHODS: Electrical fields produced during DRG stimulation were calculated with finite element models, and were coupled to a validated biophysical model of a C-type primary sensory neuron. Intrinsic neuronal activity was introduced as a 4 Hz afferent signal or somatic ectopic firing...
January 29, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374840/the-inhibitory-effect-of-sacral-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-on-nociceptive-and-nonnociceptive-bladder-reflexes-in-cats
#6
Zhaoxia Wang, Limin Liao, Han Deng, Xing Li, Guoqing Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the inhibitory effects of electrical stimulation of sacral dorsal root ganglion (DRG) on bladder activity under non-nociceptive and nociceptive bladder conditions in cats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 12 cats were divided into non-nociceptive and nociceptive groups. Saline was used to distend the bladder and induce non-nociceptive bladder activity, while acetic acid (AA, 0.25%) was used to induce nociceptive bladder overactivity, S1 or S2 DRG stimulation was applied via a pair of hook electrodes placed in the right S1 and S2 DRG...
January 27, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351171/spinal-pkc-erk-signal-pathway-mediates-hyperalgesia-priming
#7
Wei-Hsin Chen, Ya-Ting Chang, Yong-Cyuan Chen, Sin-Jhong Cheng, Chien-Chang Chen
Chronic pain can be initiated by one or more acute stimulations to sensitize neurons into the primed state. In the primed state, the basal nociceptive thresholds of the animal are normal, but in response to another hyperalgesic stimulus, the animal develops enhanced and prolonged hyperalgesia. The exact mechanism of how primed state is formed is not completely understood. Here we showed that spinal PKC/ERK signal pathway is required for neuronal plasticity change, hyperalgesic priming formation and the development of chronic hyperalgesia using acid-induced muscle pain (AIMP) model in mice...
January 18, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336505/signalling-transduction-events-involved-in-agonist-induced-pge2-ep4-receptor-externalization-in-cultured-rat-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#8
W Ma, B St-Jacques
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) enriched in inflamed tissues contributes to chronic pain by sensitizing nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons (nociceptors). Of four PGE2 receptors (EP1-4), EP4 plays a major role in PGE2-induced nociceptor sensitization. We have previously reported that PGE2 or EP4 agonists stimulated EP4 externalization in cultured DRG neurons and this event contributes to nociceptor sensitization. However, the signalling transduction events governing this event remain unknown...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327452/regenerative-effects-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-neural-crest-cells-for-treatment-of-peripheral-nerve-injury
#9
Iwan Jones, Liudmila N Novikova, Lev N Novikov, Monika Renardy, Andreas Ullrich, Mikael Wiberg, Leif Carlsson, Paul J Kingham
Surgical intervention is the current gold standard treatment following peripheral nerve injury. However, this approach has limitations and full recovery of both motor and sensory modalities often remains incomplete. The development of artificial nerve grafts that either complement or replace current surgical procedures is therefore of paramount importance. An essential component of artificial grafts are biodegradable conduits and transplanted cells that provide trophic support during the regenerative process...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304162/adrenergic-receptors-inhibit-trpv1-activity-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-of-rats
#10
Yumi Matsushita, Miki Manabe, Naoki Kitamura, Izumi Shibuya
Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a polymodal receptor channel that responds to multiple types of stimuli, such as heat, acid, mechanical pressure and some vanilloids. Capsaicin is the most commonly used vanilloid to stimulate TRPV1. TRPV1 channels are expressed in dorsal root ganglion neurons that extend to Aδ- and C-fibers and have a role in the transduction of noxious inputs to the skin into the electrical signals of the sensory nerve. Although noradrenergic nervous systems, including the descending antinociceptive system and the sympathetic nervous system, are known to modulate pain sensation, the functional association between TRPV1 and noradrenaline in primary sensory neurons has rarely been examined...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273519/adenosine-monophosphate-activated-protein-kinase-modulation-by-berberine-attenuates-mitochondrial-deficits-and-redox-imbalance-in-experimental-diabetic-neuropathy
#11
Veera Ganesh Yerra, Anil Kumar Kalvala, Bhoomika Sherkhane, Aparna Areti, Ashutosh Kumar
Adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been studied for its myriad metabolic and mitochondrial benefits in several chronic diseases. Recent studies have uncovered its therapeutic potential against mitochondrial dysfunction in cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. The present study is aimed at evaluating the pharmacological efficacy of berberine (BRB), a natural AMPK activator against experimental diabetic neuropathy (DN) phenotype developed in STZ (55 mg/kg, i...
December 19, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244245/substance-p-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-in-young-and-adult-rats-after-nociceptive-stimulation-during-the-neonatal-period
#12
Ana Leda Bertoncini Simões, Greice Anne Rodrigues Silva, Carolina Giorgetto, Elisabete de Cassia do Carmo-Campos, Fernando José Dias, Valéria Paula Sassoli Fazan
The nervous system is highly plastic during the neonatal period, being sensitive to noxious stimuli, which may cause short- and long-term pain responsivity changes. Understanding plasticity in peripheral pain pathways is crucial, particularly when the nervous system is still under development and remodeling process. Substance P (SP) is widely used as a marker for peripheral neurons with unmyelinated and small myelinated fibers. We investigated the number of SP immunoreactive neurons in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of male and female Wistar rats, 15 and 180 days after nociceptive stimulation during the neonatal period...
December 15, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230247/wireless-neuromodulation-for-chronic-back-pain-delivery-of-high-frequency-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-by-a-minimally-invasive-technique
#13
Bart Billet, Roel Wynendaele, Niek E Vanquathem
Objective: To evaluate the analgesic effect of a dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation technology utilizing high-frequency pulse rates to treat intractable chronic back and leg pain. Methods: This case study presents the outcomes, with a novel, wireless, minimally invasive miniature neurostimulator system in a case of chronic back pain. The subject was implanted bilaterally with a Freedom 4A quadripolar electrode array at the L2 dorsal root ganglion. Stimulation was applied using 10 kHz pulse rate and 30 μs pulse width...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227456/photopolymerized-microfeatures-guide-adult-spiral-ganglion-and-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurite-growth
#14
Linjing Xu, Alison E Seline, Braden Leigh, Mark Ramirez, C Allan Guymon, Marlan R Hansen
HYPOTHESIS: Microtopographical patterns generated by photopolymerization of methacrylate polymer systems will direct growth of neurites from adult neurons, including spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs). BACKGROUND: Cochlear implants (CIs) provide hearing perception to patients with severe to profound hearing loss. However, their ability to encode complex auditory stimuli is limited due, in part, to poor spatial resolution caused by spread of the electrical currents in the inner ear...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201256/neuropeptides-and-atp-signaling-in-the-trigeminal-ganglion
#15
REVIEW
Tetsuya Goto, Haruki Iwai, Eriko Kuramoto, Atsushi Yamanaka
Peripheral nociceptive stimuli from orofacial structures are largely transmitted by the trigeminal nerve. According to the peripheral noxious stimuli, neurons in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) produce neuropeptides such as substance P, and calcitonin-gene-related peptide, etc. Beside the production of neuropeptides, there exists unique non-synaptic interaction system between maxillary and mandibular neurons in the TG. Neurons in the TG are surrounded by satellite glial cells (SGCs), which initially receive the signal from TG neurons...
November 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152818/electrical-stimulation-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-in-the-context-of-pain-a-systematic-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-animal-model-studies
#16
REVIEW
Ivana Vuka, Katarina Vučić, Tihana Repić, Lejla Ferhatović Hamzić, Damir Sapunar, Livia Puljak
OBJECTIVE: Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) has recently emerged as an attractive target for neuromodulation therapy since primary sensory neurons and their soma in DRGs are important sites for pathophysiologic changes that lead to neuropathic pain. Our aim was to create evidence synthesis about the effects of electrical stimulation of DRG in the context of pain from in vitro and in vivo animal models, analyze methodology and quality of studies in the field. METHODS: For conducting systematic review we searched three data bases: MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science...
November 20, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147602/gdnf-secreted-by-nerves-enhances-pd-l1-expression-via-jak2-stat1-signaling-activation-in-hnscc
#17
Chengzhong Lin, Wei Cao, Zhenhu Ren, Yu Tang, Chunye Zhang, Rong Yang, Yiming Chen, Zheqi Liu, Canbang Peng, Lizhen Wang, Xu Wang, Tong Ji
Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) functions as a key immune inhibitory factor by binding with its receptor, programmed death 1 (PD-1), to induce immune cell dysfunction and escape of the immune system. However, the mechanisms of PD-L1 expression under growth factor stimulation are not well characterized. Here, we demonstrate a novel role for glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in upregulating PD-L1 expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The expression and correlation of PD-L1, GDNF and perineural invasion (PNI) status were evaluated by bioinformatics analysis of TCGA database and IHC assays from 145 HNSCC patients...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131488/dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-used-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-in-the-groin-a-single-center-study-with-long-term-prospective-results-in-34-cases
#18
Matthias Hubert Morgalla, Anil Bolat, Marcos Fortunato, Guilherme Lepski, Bankim Subhash Chander
OBJECTIVE: Chronic neuropathic pain in the groin is a severe condition and difficult to treat. Dorsal root ganglion stimulation (DRGS) covers discrete painful areas precisely with its stimulation power in comparison to spinal cord stimulation (SCS). It was our hypothesis that DRGS provides a long-term relief of chronic groin pain over a period of more than three years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (age >18 years) with chronic neuropathic groin pain were prospectively examined...
December 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131007/proteinase-activated-receptor-2-sensitivity-of-amplified-trpa1-activity-in-skeletal-muscle-afferent-nerves-and-exercise-pressor-reflex-in-rats-with-femoral-artery-occlusion
#19
Jihong Xing, Jianhua Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Limb ischemia occurs in peripheral artery disease (PAD). Sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) that regulates blood flow directed to the ischemic limb is exaggerated during exercise in this disease, and transient receptor potential channel A1 (TRPA1) in thin-fiber muscle afferents contributes to the amplified sympathetic response. The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) in regulating abnormal TRPA1 function and the TRPA1-mediated sympathetic component of the exercise pressor reflex...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082085/millisecond-infrared-laser-pulses-depolarize-and-elicit-action-potentials-on-in-vitro-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#20
Lambert Paris, Isabelle Marc, Benoit Charlot, Michel Dumas, Jean Valmier, Fabrice Bardin
This work focuses on the optical stimulation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons through infrared laser light stimulation. We show that a few millisecond laser pulse at 1875 nm induces a membrane depolarization, which was observed by the patch-clamp technique. This stimulation led to action potentials firing on a minority of neurons beyond an energy threshold. A depolarization without action potential was observed for the majority of DRG neurons, even beyond the action potential energy threshold. The use of ruthenium red, a thermal channel blocker, stops the action potential generation, but has no effects on membrane depolarization...
October 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
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