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Rectovaginal fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797517/gynecologic-anatomic-abnormalities-following-anorectal-malformations-repair
#1
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Carlos A Reck, Kate A McCracken, Victoria A Lane, Alessandra C Gasior, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Geri D Hewitt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients may present with gynecologic concerns after previous posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for repair of an anorectal malformation (ARM). Common findings include an inadequate or shortened perineal body, as well as introital stenosis, retained vaginal septum, and remnant rectovestibular fistula. An inadequate or shortened perineal body may impact fecal continence, sexual function and recommendations regarding obstetrical mode of delivery. We describe our experience with female patients referred to our center for evaluation of their previously repaired ARM, with a specific focus on perineal body anatomy and concomitant gynecologic abnormalities...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755790/correlation-between-disease-activity-and-endorectal-ultrasound-findings-of-chronic-radiation-proctitis
#2
Fei Cao, Teng-Hui Ma, Guang-Jian Liu, Yan-Lin Wen, Huai-Ming Wang, Ying-Yi Kuang, Si Qin, Xiao-Yin Liu, Bin-Jie Huang, Lei Wang
The aim of this study was to summarize the imaging features of chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) on endorectal ultrasound (ERUS) and investigate the value of ERUS in the evaluation of disease activity. 40 CRP patients and 30 control patients were investigated by ERUS. Rectal wall thickness and layers, ulcers and rectovaginal fistulas were evaluated by B-mode ultrasound. Power Doppler imaging was used to evaluate the vascularity of the rectal wall using a semiquantitative score. Disease activity was calculated according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4...
July 26, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722084/-postoperative-complications-after-rectal-cancer-surgery-and-management
#3
Jin Gu, Qingkun Gao
Although neoadjuvant treatment such as radiotherapy, even chemoradiotherapy has already widely used in middle-low rectal cancer, surgery remains the mainstay of therapy for patients with rectal cancer. Because neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy combined with surgery was adopted for the locally advanced rectal cancer as a standard treatment based on guidelines, postoperative complications of rectal cancer surgery caused surgeons attention and concern gradually. Some severe complications should seriously affect patient's quality of life, even patient's survival...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703110/cell-therapy-in-surgical-treatment-of-fistulas-preliminary-results
#4
Marcin Piejko, Michał Romaniszyn, Julia Borowczyk-Michałowska, Justyna Drukała, Piotr Wałęga
Risk of recurrence after surgical treatment of a recurrent fistula is up to 50%. It has be known that more aggressive surgical treatment is associated with a high risk of anal sphincter damage and leads to incontinence. Several studies have been designed to elaborate minimally invasive treatment of rectovaginal and anal fistulas. The properties of Adipose-derived Stem Cells (ASC) significantly enhance a natural healing potency. Here, we present our experience with combined surgical and cell therapy in the treatment of fistulas...
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695344/genital-tract-fistula-a-case-series-from-a-tertiary-centre-in-south-africa
#5
Thinagrin Dhasarathun Naidoo, Jagidesa Moodley, Saloshni Naidoo
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We describe the demographic profile, aetiology, management and surgical outcomes in women with genital tract fistula presenting to a tertiary urogynaecology unit. METHODS: This retrospective audit included 87 patients managed in our unit between 2008 and 2015. Frequencies and means with standard deviations are presented for categorical and continuous data. Continuous dependent variables are categorized as above or below the median for bivariate analyses performed using the chi-squared test (α = 0...
July 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670596/actinomycosis-causing-recurrent-perianal-fistulae
#6
Mariana Ferreira Cardoso, Carla Carneiro, Luís Carvalho Lourenço, Catarina Graça Rodrigues, Sara Folgado Alberto, Ana Alagoa João, Ricardo Rocha, Vasco Geraldes, Ana Costa, Jorge Reis, Vítor Nunes
Actinomycosis is a rare but easily curable infection that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of perianal fistulizing disease. We present the case of a 26-year-old woman with complex perianal fistulae, including trans-sphincteric and suprasphincteric fistulous tracts and a rectovaginal fistula, requiring multiple abscess drainages, seton placement, and antibiotic courses, with little improvement. After extensive investigation, Actinomyces spp. was identified in anal cytology. The patient underwent a 6-week course of intravenous penicillin followed by oral amoxicillin, with remarkable improvement...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631115/gurya-cutting-and-female-genital-fistulas-in-niger-ten-cases
#7
Itengre Ouedraogo, Regina McConley, Christopher Payne, Alison Heller, L Lewis Wall
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to determine the contribution of female genital cutting to genital fistula formation in Niger from the case records of a specialist fistula hospital. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of the records of 360 patients seen at the Danja Fistula Center, Danja, Niger, between March 2014 and September 2016. Pertinent clinical and socio-demographic data were abstracted from the cases identified. RESULTS: A total of 10 fistulas resulting from gurya cutting was obtained: 9 cases of urethral loss and 1 rectovaginal fistula...
June 19, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602050/effect-of-hiv-infection-on-outcomes-after-surgical-repair-of-genital-fistula
#8
Steven N Shephard, Sunday J Lengmang, Stephen A Anzaku, Oluwatobi V Mamven, Carolyn V Kirschner
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes following surgical repair of genital fistula among Nigerian women with or without HIV. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all genital fistula repair surgeries performed at Evangel Vesicovaginal Fistula Center in Jos, Nigeria, between January 1, 2004, and April 30, 2014. Patient characteristics, HIV status, genital fistula characteristics, and postoperative outcomes were assessed for between-group variance. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were the primary measures used for determining the association between HIV status and surgical outcomes...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576692/utero-abdominal-wall-fistula-after-cesarean-section-in-patient-with-prior-colorectal-resection-for-endometriosis-case-report-and-systematic-review
#9
Chloé Chattot, Patrick Aristizabal, Sofiane Bendifallah, Emile Daraï
Utero-Abdominal Wall Fistula (UAWF) is a very rare complication of cesarean section. We report an unusual case of a UAWF occurring in a 37-year-old woman, 4 years after a cesarean section and previously radical surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with bowel resection. The patient presented with persistent purulent discharge of the Pfannenstiel scar and had noted that the discharge was blood-stained during menstruation. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of UAWF. Surgery was performed by laparotomy and was complicated by a postoperative rectovaginal fistula (RVF) which was successfully treated by the placement of a biological mesh via the vagina route...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576262/total-laparoscopic-pelvic-exenteration-for-a-laterally-recurrent-cervical-carcinoma-with-a-vesicovaginal-fistula-that-developed-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy
#10
Hiroyuki Kanao, Yoichi Aoki, Tsuyoshi Hisa, Nobuhiro Takeshima
OBJECTIVE: For locally advanced cervical carcinoma, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is the standard treatment, however, CCRT can lead to development of a vesicovaginal or rectovaginal fistula [1]. Treatment options are limited for patients with laterally recurrent cervical carcinoma and fistula formation after CCRT. Chemotherapy with bevacizumab is now used for recurrent or advanced cervical carcinoma, but this treatment is associated with fistula formation [2]. When the recurrent mass is confined to the pelvic cavity, complete surgical resection with negative margins offers the most promise; however, the resectability rate is low in cases of laterally recurrent tumor [3], which may include bony structures, and survival outcomes seem to be poor in cases of a laterally recurrent vs...
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574159/bladder-spasm-following-urogenital-fistula-repair
#11
Kenneth C Ekwedigwe, Maradona E Isikhuemen, Ileogben Sunday-Adeoye, Emmanuel N Yakubu, Monday O Eliboh
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of bladder spasms following surgical repair of urogenital fistula. METHODS: The present retrospective study included data from patients who underwent surgical repair of urogenital fistula at the National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Nigeria, between June 1, 2015, and May 31, 2016. Patients who underwent rectovaginal fistula repair and those who experienced persistent postoperative pain requiring high doses of analgesia were excluded...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534327/-modified-stapled-transanal-rectal-resection-combined-with-perioperative-pelvic-floor-biofeedback-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-obstructed-defecation-syndrome
#12
Lei Chen, Fanqi Meng, Tongsen Zhang, Yinan Liu, Shuang Sha, Si Chen, Jiandong Tai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of modified stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) combined with perioperative pelvic floor biofeedback therapy (POPFBFT) in treating obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). METHODS: Thirty female ODS patients underwent modified STARR (resection and suture was performed in rectocele with one staple) combined with POPFBFT in Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin university from October 2013 to March 2015...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455993/rectovaginal-fistula-after-low-anterior-resection-in-chinese-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#13
Hongtu Zheng, Tianan Guo, Yuchen Wu, Cong Li, Sanjun Cai, Fangqi Liu, Ye Xu
Rectovaginal fistula is a postoperative complication of low anterior resection. We investigated the incidence of rectovaginal fistula (RVF) after low anterior resection, its risk factors and its optimal treatment. We analyzed data from 1,493 female patients who underwent low anterior resection for colorectal cancer between January 2006 and March 2016. We calculated the incidence of RVF and performed univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to identify risk factors. Twenty-four patients experienced RVF, giving an incidence of 1...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440525/-treatment-of-complications-after-laparoscopic-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#14
Bin Zhang, Ke Zhao, Quanlong Liu, Shuhui Yin, Yujuan Zhao, Guangzuan Zhuo, Yingying Feng, Jun Zhu, Jianhua Ding
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the perioperative and postoperative complications follow laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (LapISR) in the treatment of low rectal cancer and their management. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 73 consecutive patients who underwent LapISR for low rectal cancer between June 2011 and February 2016 in our hospital. The clinicopathological parameters, perioperative and postoperative complications, and clinical outcomes were collected from a prospectively maintained database...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416052/-a-38-year-old-woman-with-an-anovaginal-fistula-after-consensual-penile-anal-intercourse
#15
Lærke Albertsen, Heidi Beate Christensen
In this case report a 38-year-old woman was admitted to hospital with anal bleeding and perianal pain after a consensual vaginal intercourse followed by an anal intercourse during which she felt a sudden profound pain. Nine days later she was diagnosed with an anovaginal fistula. A diverting sigmoideostomy was performed, and spontaneous healing was awaited. Rectovaginal fistula without concomitant anal sphincter injury as a result of consensual penile anal intercourse is an extremely rare occurrence, described only once previously...
April 10, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413385/calciphylaxis-presenting-with-various-symptoms-a-case-report
#16
Shinpei Miura, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Toshihide Akasaka
Calciphylaxis causes ischemia in multiple organs and skin ulcers owing to progressive calcification in small and medial arteries. It has a poor prognosis and often occurs in patients with hyperparathyroidism associated with end-stage renal failure and those undergoing hemodialysis. Here, we present a case of calciphylaxis associated with a wide range of symptoms, including lower thigh skin ulcers, a rectovaginal fistula, and femoral neck fracture. The patient underwent multiple treatments. However, she eventually died of cardiac failure...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413300/anorectal-agenesis-with-rectovaginal-fistula-a-rare-regional-variant
#17
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Partap Singh Yadav, Shalu Shah, Rajiv Chadha
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403973/a-national-snapshot-of-the-surgical-management-of-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-rectum-and-colon-in-france-in-2015-a-multicenter-series-of-1135-cases
#18
H Roman
OBJECTIVE: To perform a survey on the characteristics of the surgical management of patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum and the sigmoid colon (DIERS) in France in 2015. METHOD: Case-series study enrolling patients with DIERS involving muscularis, submucosa or mucosa, operated on from January 1st to December 31st 2015, in 56 healthcare facilities in France. Surgeons filled in questionnaires concerning the number of patients, deep endometriosis localizations, surgical route and techniques used on digestive tract, associated surgical procedures and major complications...
February 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395390/surgical-treatment-of-rectovaginal-fistula-in-crohn-s-disease-a-tertiary-center-experience
#19
Giovanni Milito, Giorgio Lisi, Dario Venditti, Michela Campanelli, Elena Aronadio, Michele Grande
BACKGROUND: Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is a disastrous complication of Crohn's disease (CD) that is exceedingly difficult to treat. It is a disabling condition that negatively impacts a woman's quality of life. Current treatment algorithms range from observation to medical management to the need for surgical intervention. A wide variety of success rates have been reported for all management options. The choice of surgical repair methods depends on various fistula and patient characteristics, and its published success rates vary with initial success being around 50% rising to 80% with repeated surgery...
April 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387062/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-and-ireland-consensus-exercise-on-surgical-management-of-fistulating-perianal-crohn-s-disease
#20
M J Lee, N Heywood, P M Sagar, S R Brown, N S Fearnhead
AIM: Management of fistulating perianal Crohn's disease (fpCD) is a significant challenge for a colorectal surgeon. A recent survey of surgical practice in this condition showed variation in management approaches. As a result we set out to devise recommendations for practice for UK colorectal surgeons. METHOD: Results from a national survey were used to devise a set of potential consensus statements. Consultant colorectal surgeons were invited to participate in the exercise via the previous survey and the mailing list of the professional society...
May 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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