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Perpetrator induced traumatic stress

Robert Motley, Whitney Sewell, Yu-Chih Chen
Black emerging adults ages 18-29, particularly those residing in predominantly black urban communities, are at risk for community violence exposure (CVE). This potentially traumatic event may induce traumatic stress reactions for black emerging adults that contribute to their engagement in violence perpetration, substance use and/or sexual risk-taking behaviors as a way to cope with their experiences. To address these identified concerns and make recommendations for future research, this article identifies and synthesizes results from studies that have examined CVE and its association with violence perpetration, substance use, and sexual risk-taking behaviors among black emerging adults...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health
Terry L Whiting, Colleen R Marion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2011: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
R MacNair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2001: Journal of Genocide Research
Vanessa Rohlf, Pauleen Bennett
This study explored possible identification of Perpetration-induced Traumatic Stress (PITS) in workers whose occupations required euthanizing nonhuman animals and determining whether event or person-related factors influenced symptoms. The sample included 148 animal workers: veterinarians, veterinary nurses, and research and animal shelter staff. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) assessed traumatic stress. Experimenters constructed additional scales measuring satisfaction with social support, participation in various types of training, and concern over animal death...
2005: Society & Animals: Social Scientific Studies of the Human Experience of Other Animals
Victor L Schermer
In this introduction to the special issue on "Group Therapist Countertransference to Trauma and Traumatogenic Situations," the author notes that for many therapists it is not only group member disclosures and re-enactments, but also the co-occurring, sociopolitical contexts in which they live that may involve traumatic challenges. He considers three historically evolving views of countertransference: (1) the "classical"position, (2) the "totalistic" view, and (3) the "intersubjective/relational" view. He views the therapist's intense emotionality (as opposed to clinical detachment) in response to trauma as inevitable, and considers the particular roles of "bystander," "perpetrator," and "victim" induced in the therapist by traumatic re-enactments in the group...
January 2005: International Journal of Group Psychotherapy
Belinda Plattner, Melissa A Silvermann, Allison D Redlich, Victor G Carrion, Martha Feucht, Max H Friedrich, Hans Steiner
Dissociation is postulated to occur as a function of particular types of child abuse or chronic abuse. Additionally, there is an ongoing controversy examining the perpetrator's relationship to the victim in the development of dissociation. In this study, reports of traumatic events experienced both in the family environment and in the community were used to examine the relationship between dissociative disorder as defined by DSM-IV (pathological dissociation), and dissociation as a defense mechanism. The first objective was to identify whether the site of the trauma or the quantity of trauma correlated more significantly with symptoms of dissociation...
December 2003: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Background: Numerous cutaneous abnormalities have been described in adolescent girls who have been sexually abused. These include bruising, bite marks, cuts, scratches, abrasions, edema, hematomas or other evidence of struggle. Victims frequently shower or bathe excessively in an effort to cleanse their skin following such an unwanted encounter. However, there is a paucity of information in the literature regarding the association of sexual abuse and removal of the superficial layers of the skin as a more desperate attempt by teenagers to rid themselves of the perpetrator...
May 2000: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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