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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453778/-i-m-happy-to-own-my-implicit-biases-public-encounters-with-the-implicit-association-test
#1
Jeffery Yen, Kevin Durrheim, Romin W Tafarodi
The implicit association test (IAT) and concept of implicit bias have significantly influenced the scientific, institutional, and public discourse on racial prejudice. In spite of this, there has been little investigation of how ordinary people make sense of the IAT and the bias it claims to measure. This article examines the public understanding of this research through a discourse analysis of reactions to the IAT and implicit bias in the news media. It demonstrates the ways in which readers interpreted, related to, and negotiated the claims of IAT science in relation to socially shared and historically embedded concerns and identities...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453665/klaus-apel-1942-2017-a-pioneer-of-photosynthesis-research
#2
Jean-David Rochaix, Chanhong Kim, Wiebke Apel
We present here a Tribute to Klaus Apel (1942-2017), a photosynthesis pioneer-an authority on plant molecular genetics-in five parts. The first section is a prologue. The second section deals with a chronological discussion of Apel's research life, prepared by the editor Govindjee; it is based on a website article at the Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) by Patricia Waldron ( https://btiscience.org/explore-bti/news/post/bti-says-goodbye-klaus-apel/ ), as approved for use here by Keith C. Hannon and David Stern of BTI...
February 16, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449467/science-gets-modest-reprieve-in-trump-budget
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449466/news-at-a-glance
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446035/sorting-through-the-safety-data-haystack-using-machine-learning-to-identify-individual-case-safety-reports-in-social-digital-media
#5
Shaun Comfort, Sujan Perera, Zoe Hudson, Darren Dorrell, Shawman Meireis, Meenakshi Nagarajan, Cartic Ramakrishnan, Jennifer Fine
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing interest in social digital media (SDM) as a data source for pharmacovigilance activities; however, SDM is considered a low information content data source for safety data. Given that pharmacovigilance itself operates in a high-noise, lower-validity environment without objective 'gold standards' beyond process definitions, the introduction of large volumes of SDM into the pharmacovigilance workflow has the potential to exacerbate issues with limited manual resources to perform adverse event identification and processing...
February 14, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444954/invite-your-representative-to-work-change-the-world-here-s-how
#6
Denise J Montell
Today's political climate can seem hostile to science. Alternative facts, climate change denial, and relabeling of actual news as fake news are discouraging phenomena for sure. But these trends make it more important than ever to engage our politicians. Take heart! There is something you can do. You can show your representatives firsthand the amazing things you do, evidence of the economic engine that your activities generate, and the real people behind the discoveries. I did, and it was fun. We invited our congressman to the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), and he accepted! For 2 hours, we explained and demonstrated efforts to cure blindness using stem cells, the medical implications of the discovery that cells can recover from the brink of death, a mosquito lab striving to eliminate insect-borne disease, and an Alzheimer's disease laboratory...
February 15, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444880/cdc-tightens-controls-on-scientists-communication-with-news-media
#7
Peter Doshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444262/plant-cuttings-news-in-botany
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442550/framing-suicide-investigating-the-news-media-and-public-s-use-of-the-problematic-suicide-referents-freitod-and-selbstmord-in-german-speaking-countries
#9
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: In German-speaking countries, suicide experts recommend not using the suicide referents Freitod and Selbstmord, as their associative meanings relate to problematic concepts such as free will and crime. AIMS: To investigate which terms - the neutral and recommended Suizid or Freitod and Selbstmord - have dominated news coverage and to reveal what terms the public actually used. METHOD: A retrospective database study was undertaken on data from the period 2004-2016...
January 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442400/what-information-can-change-the-attitude-of-teachers-toward-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine
#10
Masaharu Kamada, Hiroaki Inui, Tomohiro Kagawa, Ayuka Mineda, Takao Tamura, Tomohito Fujioka, Takahiro Motoki, Hiroki Hirai, Eiichi Ishii, Minoru Irahara
AIM: We conducted a self-administered survey on the perception of teachers toward human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to determine the ways to increase their willingness to encourage its use. METHODS: Answers were obtained both prior to and after having the teachers read five brief information articles: (i) cervical cancer knowledge, (ii) vaccine knowledge, (iii) result of a survey in Nagoya, (iv) news report of the World Health Organization statement and (v) articles written by Dr Muranaka, a journalist...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441538/the-bjd-is-embracing-core-outcome-set-development-why-this-is-good-news
#11
K S Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440814/effectiveness-of-the-certificate-course-in-essentials-of-palliative-care-program-on-the-knowledge-in-palliative-care-among-the-participants-a-cross-sectional-interventional-study
#12
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel
Background: Palliative medicine is an upcoming new specialty aimed at relieving suffering, improving quality of life and comfort care. There are many challenges and barriers in providing palliative care to our patients. The major challenge is lack of knowledge, attitude and skills among health-care providers. Objectives: Evaluate the effectiveness of the certificate course in essentials of palliative care (CCEPC) program on the knowledge in palliative care among the participants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439216/news-at-a-glance
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436361/news-of-the-academy-of-neonatal-nursing
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436135/news-from-the-pediatric-anesthesia-societies-sarnepi-sicp-guidelines-for-pediatric-day-surgery
#15
Maria Sammartino, Simonetta Tesoro, Giorgio Conti, Fabio Sbaraglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433483/control-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-dairy-herds-in-a-region-with-raw-milk-cheese-production-farmers-attitudes-knowledge-behaviour-and-belief-in-self-efficacy
#16
Marie-Eve Cousin, Maria Christina Härdi-Landerer, Verena Völk, Michèle Bodmer
BACKGROUND: Contagious mastitis is an important disease in dairy cattle, and the causative agent S. aureus can also impair raw milk cheese quality. In a confined region in eastern Switzerland attitude, knowledge and behaviour towards S. aureus und S. aureus control was assessed in 90 dairy farmers with communal alpine pasturing including raw milk cheese production with the aid of a questionnaire. RESULTS: Forty-three out of 90 questionnaires were returned (48% return rate)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432628/the-relationship-between-preclinical-grading-and-usmle-scores-in-us-allopathic-medical-schools
#17
Seungjun Kim, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pass/fail preclinical grading is associated with improved student well-being. Studies do not demonstrate differences in United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores after adopting pass/fail grading, but were conducted at unrepresentative, highly selective institutions, and average scores increased overall during the study periods. We investigated the effect of preclinical grading on USMLE scores across 96 US medical schools. METHODS: Preclinical grading systems were identified with the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Admissions Requirements...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431499/clinical-news
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429111/health-risk-assessment-of-drinking-arsenic-containing-groundwater-in-hasilpur-pakistan-effect-of-sampling-area-depth-and-source
#19
Riaz Ahmad Tabassum, Muhammad Shahid, Camille Dumat, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Sana Khalid, Noor Samad Shah, Muhammad Imran, Samina Khalid
Currently, several news channels and research publications have highlighted the dilemma of arsenic (As)-contaminated groundwater in Pakistan. However, there is lack of data regarding groundwater As content of various areas in Pakistan. The present study evaluated As contamination and associated health risks in previously unexplored groundwater of Hasilpur-Pakistan. Total of 61 groundwater samples were collected from different areas (rural and urban), sources (electric pump, hand pump, and tubewell) and depths (35-430 ft or 11-131 m)...
February 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428464/why-do-people-search-wikipedia-for-information-on-multiple-sclerosis
#20
F Brigo, S Lattanzi, N Bragazzi, R Nardone, M Moccia, L Lavorgna
BACKGROUND: Wikipedia is a frequently-accessed online source of health-related information. In this study we evaluated the number of views of the Italian Wikipedia articles related to multiple sclerosis (MS) and its treatment. METHODS: Using Pageviews Analysis we assessed the total views, and mean monthly and daily views of the Italian Wikipedia articles on MS and its treatments from 1 January 2015 to 31 October 2017. We compared the views of the article on MS with those for Alzheimer´s disease, epilepsy, migraine and stroke, and adjusted results for crude disease prevalence...
February 5, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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