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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918597/effect-of-vibration-on-postural-control-and-gait-of-elderly-subjects-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Farzam Farahmand, Reza Fadayevatan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gait and balance disorders are common in the elderly populations, and their prevalence increases with age. This systematic review was performed to summarize the current evidence for subthreshold vibration interventions on postural control and gait in elderly. METHOD: A review of intervention studies including the following words in the title/abstract: insole, foot and ankle appliances, vibration, noise and elderly related to balance and gait...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918571/the-effect-of-communication-skills-training-on-patient-pharmacist-communication-in-pharmacy-education-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Hye Kyung Jin, Jae Hee Choi, Ji Eun Kang, Sandy Jeong Rhie
Communication skills in pharmacy education and practice are increasingly regarded as a crucial component. However, thus far, estimating of the overall communication skills training (CST) effects in a variety of outcomes is lacking. The aim of this study was to synthesize the effects of CST in pharmacy education by performing a meta-analysis of CST studies. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Communication and Mass Media Complete (CMMC), key journals, and bibliographic databases...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918564/mri-combined-with-pet-ct-of-different-tracers-to-improve-the-accuracy-of-glioma-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Yihan Yang, Mike Z He, Tao Li, Xuejun Yang
Based on studies focusing on positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of glioma, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the pros and cons and the accuracy of different examinations. PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched. The search was conducted until April 2017. Two reviewers independently conducted the literature search according to the criteria set initially. Based on the exclusion criteria, 15 articles are included in this study...
September 16, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918466/mutations-in-context-implications-of-brca-testing-in-diverse-populations
#4
Gabriela E S Felix, Yonglan Zheng, Olufunmilayo I Olopade
Cancer is a common non-communicable disease worldwide, although it exhibits differential population trends in incidence and mortality rates. The differences relate to population structure, environmental risk factors as well as health system organization. This article discusses the potential impact of genetic testing on population health, focusing in particular on the mutational spectrum of breast cancer susceptibility genes in diverse populations. We identify the need for improved access to, and increased investment in, comprehensive cancer risk assessment and genetic testing as well as cancer control measures that take into account lifestyle, environmental, and social factors in understudied minority groups...
September 16, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#5
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918448/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-screening-interventions-for-assessing-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-considering-combined-oral-contraceptives
#6
REVIEW
Zanfina Ademi, C Simone Sutherland, Joris Van Stiphout, Jöelle Michaud, Goranka Tanackovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
Use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) by women increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which can have a major impact on an individuals' quality of life. VTE is also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. Our aim was to systematically review cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) considering any screening for risk of VTE in women using COCs. The quality of reporting in each study was assessed, a summary of results was prepared, and the key drivers of cost effectiveness in each of the eligible CEAs were identified...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918383/liver-transplantation-in-children-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Rohit Kohli, Miriam Cortes, N D Heaton, Anil Dhawan
In this review, we provide a state of the art of liver transplantation in children, as the procedure is now carried out for more than 30 years and most of our paediatric colleagues are managing these patients jointly with liver transplant centres. Our goal for this article is to enhance the understanding of the liver transplant process that a child and his family goes through while explaining the surgical advances and the associated complications that could happen in the immediate or long-term follow-up. We have deliberately introduced the theme that 'liver transplant is a disease' and 'not a cure', to emphasise the need for adherence with immunosuppression, a healthy lifestyle and lifelong medical follow-up...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918371/willems-method-of-dental-age-estimation-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
J S Sehrawat, Monika Singh
BACKGROUND: Age estimation from dental developmental stages is considered comparatively more accurate, reliable and precise than other methods used in forensic sciences. Willems method is the revised version of Demirjian method, based on modified dental maturity scores to estimate age of children in years for both the sexes. AIMS: To test the applicability and accuracy level of Willems method of dental age estimation in diverse population samples by quantifying the variations between the chronological and estimated ages of an individual...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918369/the-development-of-biodiversity-conservation-measures-in-china-s-hydro-projects-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Ruiqiao Bai, Xuehua Liu, Xiaofei Liu, Lanmei Liu, Jianping Wang, Sihui Liao, Annah Zhu, Zhouyuan Li
The hydropower capacity of China ranks first in the world and accounts for approximately 20% of the total energy production in the country. While hydropower has substantially contributed to meeting China's renewable energy targets and providing clean energy to rural areas, the development of hydropower in China has been met with significant controversy. Ecologically, hydro projects alter the landscape, with potential impacts to the country's aquatic biodiversity. Over the past four decades in China, various mainstream opinions and misunderstandings have been presented concerning how to alleviate the negative impacts of hydro projects on aquatic ecosystems...
September 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918230/biosensing-methods-for-determination-of-triglycerides-a-review
#10
REVIEW
C S Pundir, Vinay Narwal
Triglycerides (TGs) are the major transporters of dietary fats throughout the bloodstream. Besides transporting fat, TGs also act as stored fat in adipose tissue, which is utilized during insufficient carbohydrates supply. TG level is below 150mg/dL in healthy persons. Elevated TGs level in blood over 500mg/dL is a biomarker for cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer disease, pancreatitis and diabetes. Numerous methods are accessible for recognition of TGs, among them, most are cumbersome, time-consuming, require sample pre-treatment, high cost instrumental set-up and experienced personnel to operate...
September 9, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918222/vision-assessments-and-interventions-for-infants-0-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Olena D Chorna, Andrea Guzzetta, Nathalie L Maitre
We performed a systematic review and evaluated the level of evidence of vision interventions and assessments for infants at high risk for or with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy from 0 to 2 years of age. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodologic quality, evidence, and clinical utilization. Thirty publications of vision assessments and five of vision interventions met criteria for inclusion. Assessments included standard care neuroimaging, electrophysiology, and neuro-ophthalmologic examination techniques that are utilized clinically with any preverbal or nonverbal pediatric patient...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918203/short-term-effects-of-preoperative-beta-blocker-use-for-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Liangshan Wang, Hong Wang, Xiaotong Hou
OBJECTIVE: The use of preoperative beta-blockers has been used as a quality standard for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the benefits of beta-blockers use before CABG remain controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the short-term effects of preoperative beta-blocker use for patients undergoing isolated CABG. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for English articles published from inception to August 16, 2016...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918201/clinical-management-of-pressure-control-ventilation-an-algorithmic-method-of-patient-ventilatory-management-to-address-forgotten-but-important-variables
#13
Lonny Ashworth, Yasuhiro Norisue, Megan Koster, Jeff Anderson, Junko Takada, Hatsuyo Ebisu
Pressure controlled ventilation is a common mode of ventilation used to manage both adult and pediatric populations. However, there is very little evidence that distinguishes the efficacy of pressure controlled ventilation over that of volume controlled ventilation in the adult population. This gap in the literature may be due to the absence of a consistent and systematic algorithm for managing pressure controlled ventilation. This article provides a brief overview of the applications of both pressure controlled ventilation and volume controlled ventilation and proposes an algorithmic approach to the management of patients receiving pressure controlled ventilation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918196/expression-and-purification-of-human-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-equilibrative-nucleoside-transporters
#14
Rebba C Boswell-Casteel, Jennifer M Johnson, Zygy Roe-Žurž, Kelli D Duggan, Hannah Schmitz, Franklin A Hays
Nucleosides play an essential role in the physiology of eukaryotes by acting as metabolic precursors in de novo nucleic acid synthesis and energy metabolism. Nucleosides also act as ligands for purinergic receptors. Equilibrative nucleoside transporters (ENTs) are polytopic integral membrane proteins that aid in regulating plasmalemmal flux of purine and pyrimidine nucleosides and nucleobases. ENTs exhibit broad substrate selectivity across different isoforms and utilize diverse mechanisms to drive substrate flux across membranes...
September 13, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918177/photodynamic-therapy-in-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-critical-literature-review-of-existing-protocols
#15
REVIEW
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is a serious public health issue. Apart from its high rate of prevalence, incidence and mortality, it can often result in more complex and expensive treatment when diagnosed late. Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) can precede oral cancer, and are usually treated by surgical excision. However, in many cases patients are elderly and multiple interventions may be required. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a simple alternative, which has been successfully used in the treatment of oral PMDs...
September 13, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918164/telepsychiatry-consultation-for-medical-and-surgical-inpatient-units
#16
Julie A Graziane, Priya Gopalan, Jack Cahalane
BACKGROUND: Telepsychiatry is becoming more commonplace in the provision of psychiatric care. Most commonly used in the outpatient setting, there is little information available in the literature as to the use of telepsychiatry for inpatient medical/surgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: We review the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's telepsychiatry consultation program that provides consultation to an outlying community-based rural hospital. METHODS: This article examines the 69 telepsychiatry consultations that were performed from November 2014 through February 2016, looking at the patients served, common consultation questions, and patterns of diagnoses and recommendations...
August 12, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918111/the-timing-of-retears-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#17
Deepak V Chona, Nikita Lakomkin, Ariana Lott, Alan D Workman, Aneel C Henry, Andrew F Kuntz, G Russell Huffman, David L Glaser
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the time dependence of the failure rate of surgically repaired rotator cuffs. Retears are significant, as they are common and may lead to less satisfactory outcomes and additional operations. Their timing is critical foundational information for understanding failure mechanisms. However, this remains unclear. Currently, there exist a number of studies that have reported retear rates at specific time points. Combining data from these publications can reveal when cuffs retear, which will help inform expectations and guidelines for progression of activity after surgery...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918106/patients%C3%AC-experiences-of-patient-education-on-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
S T Kristiansen, P Videbech, M Kragh, C N Thisted, M B Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on how patients with serious mental disorders perceived patient education on psychiatric wards and to learn more about the patient perceived benefits and limitations related to patient education and how well patient education meets the perceived needs of inpatients. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data were categorized and synthesized. A systematic literature search was conducted. Articles were validated using validated critical appraisal tools...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918046/microrna-as-therapeutic-targets-for-chronic-wound-healing
#19
REVIEW
Eoghan J Mulholland, Nicholas Dunne, Helen O McCarthy
Wound healing is a highly complex biological process composed of three overlapping phases: inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. Impairments at any one or more of these stages can lead to compromised healing. MicroRNAs (miRs) are non-coding RNAs that act as post-transcriptional regulators of multiple proteins and associated pathways. Thus, identification of the appropriate miR involved in the different phases of wound healing could reveal an effective third-generation genetic therapy in chronic wound care...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917989/shear-strength-of-pharmaceutical-tablets-theoretical-considerations-evaluation-and-relation-with-the-capping-tendency-of-biconvex-tablets
#20
V Mazel, H Diarra, V Busignies, P Tchoreloff
Capping is a major industrial issue during pharmaceutical powder compression, especially in the case of biconvex tablets. Several articles proposed that capping was in fact a failure in shear. Shear strength should thus be interesting to study the capping tendency of a formulation. In this work, the ratio between the shear strength and the tensile strength obtained by diametral compression was first studied from a theoretical point of view considering different failure criteria. Then, a shear test usually performed on bilayer tablets was adapted to monolayer tablets...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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