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J F Ji, Y P Zhao
The article outlined the speeches of Surgeon Branch during the Annual Scientific Conference of Chinese Medical Association in 2018.From the perspectives of inheritance, innovation, standardization and improvement, it summarizes the major progress of Chinese surgery in 2017 and introduces the objectives and action plans of Chinese Medical Association Branch of Surgery this year.
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Juliana Adelman
This article uses a 1903 text by the Irish cookery instructress Kathleen Ferguson to examine the intersections between food, medicine and domestic work. Sick Room Cookery, and numerous texts like it, drew on traditions of domestic medicine and Anglo-Irish gastronomy while also seeking to establish female expertise informed by modern science and medicine. Placing the text in its broader cultural context, the article examines how it fit into the tradition of domestic medicine and the emerging profession of domestic science...
March 17, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Ulrike Bechtold, John N Ferguson, Philip M Mullineaux
The emergence of Arabidopsis as a model species and the availability of genetic and genomic resources have resulted in the identification and detailed characterisation of abiotic stress signalling pathways. However, this has led only to limited success in engineering abiotic stress tolerance in crops. This is because there needs to be a deeper understanding in how to combine resistances to a range of stresses with growth and productivity. The natural variation and genomic resources of Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is a great asset to understand the mechanisms of multiple stress tolerances...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Heitor S P de Souza, Claudio Fiocchi
Despite unquestionable progress in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and the much improved clinical results achievable today in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, the overall therapeutic outcome remains far from optimal. The main reason of this partial success is that all current medications only block individual components of a highly complex disease process that results from the integration of multiple and incompletely identified pathogenic components. Thus, if further progress is to be achieved in IBD therapeutics and we want to move from the current success rate to nearly 100%, bold new ideas must be entertained and new approaches put into practice...
March 19, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Yubraj Acharya
This article evaluates a community-based effort aimed at reducing neonatal mortality. I use nationally representative data from Nepal, where 22 children per 1000 die within the first month of their birth, and evaluate the impact of Community-Based Neonatal Care Package. The identification is based on a before-and-after comparison of outcomes in program districts relative to those in non-program districts. I find that the program was successful in encouraging cleaner deliveries for births that took place at home and in increasing prenatal visits to the health center by pregnant women significantly...
March 19, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Kousuke Kanemoto, Oh-Young Kwon, Go Taniguchi, Zhou Dong, Yotin Chinvarun, Hsiang-Yu Yu, Aileen McGonigal, Andres Miguel Kanner, Sung-Pa Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to investigate the prevalence of depression in people with epilepsy (PWE) in different countries in Asia. METHODS: We searched the electronic database PubMed on June 13, 2017 for articles in English that included the following search terms: "epilepsy" AND "depression" AND "country name" for all Asian countries since 1947. Relevant original studies from Asia were included if they reported the prevalence of depression in PWE...
March 12, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Alma Kairlapovna Ryskaliyeva, Murat Ergalievich Baltabayev, Aigul Moldakhmetovna Zhubatova
The thermodynamic properties of carbamide and its alkyl substituted were studied insufficiently. In this article, the enthalpies of combustion of ΔсН of some amides, anilides and amidic acids have been determined experimentally; their standard enthalpies of formation have been calculated. Linear dependences between the average atomic enthalpy of combustion of ΔcH amides and their basicity constants in acidic aqueous solutions of pKBH + have been established; a correlation that relates the enthalpies of combustion of amides and the corresponding amidic acids has been found...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Henry L Nguyen, George F Bonadurer, Megha M Tollefson
Importance: Patients with vascular malformations (VAMs) and vascular overgrowth syndromes have lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) attributable to social stigmatization, poor mental health, severity, and pain. However, the factors that contribute to this decreased HRQoL are not clear. Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that used validated HRQoL instruments to compare the HRQoL of persons with VAMs with the US general population...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Cibele Monteiro Macedo, Paula Orchiucci Miura, Dora Mariela Salcedo Barrientos, Gisele Almeida Lopes, Emiko Yoshikawa Egry
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze in the scientific literature coping strategies for domestic violence against pregnant female adolescents. METHOD: This is an integrative literature review, conducted from July to August 2017 on LILACS, SciELO and PubMed, using the descriptors and the MeSH terms: confrontation, violence, adolescent, pregnant women, prenatal care. RESULT: The sample comprised 9 articles that were organized and characterized according to year, country of study and coping strategy used...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Paula Hino, Jaqueline de Oliveira Santos, Anderson da Silva Rosa
OBJECTIVE: To know the Brazilian scientific production of the last ten years (2007 to 2016) about people who experience street situations under the health gaze. METHOD: Integrative literature review using the descriptors: street people, health policy and public health. We analyzed 21 articles available in the Virtual Health Library. RESULTS: Four categories of analysis emerged. There was an increase in the frequency of published work on the subject, showing that the experience of living on the street makes people vulnerable to various diseases and health problems and, in addition, increases the difficulties of access to health services...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Claudio Tinoco Mesquita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Abolfazl Namazi, Mohammad Forat-Yazdi, Mohammadali Jafari, Soudabeh Farahnak, Rezvan Nasiri, Elnaz Foroughi, Seyed Mojtaba Abolbaghaei, Hossein Neamatzadeh
BACKGROUND: The promoter -1082 A/G (rs1800896) polymorphism of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene have been widely reported and considered to have a significant role on gastric cancer risk, but the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the associations IL-10 -1082 A/G polymorphism with gastric cancer. METHODS: Eligible articles were identified by searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar up to August 03, 2017...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/s1518-8787.2016050005801].
March 12, 2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
G C L Gracindo, J H da Silva Gallo, R Nunes
We aimed to outline the profile of medical professionals in Brazil who have violated the deontological norms set forth in the ethics code of the profession, and whose cases were judged by the higher tribunal for medical ethics between 2010 and 2016. This survey was conducted using a database formed from professional ethics cases extracted from the plenary of the medical ethics tribunal of the Federal Council of Medicine. These were disciplinary ethics cases that were judged at appeal level between 2010 and 2016...
March 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Jin Zhang, Jianhua Liu, Xiaosong Qin
Diabetic nephropathy is the main cause of chronic kidney disease, and represents the most common and serious complication of diabetes. The exact pathogenesis is complex and not elucidated. Several factors and mechanisms contribute to the development and outcome of diabetic nephropathy. An early diagnosis and intervention may slow down disease progression. A variety of biological markers associated with diabetic nephropathy were found in recent years, which was important for predicting the occurrence and development of the disease...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Gabriella Maria Pitt Gameiro Sales, Izabel Crystine Pereira Barbosa, Laura Maia Sampaio Canejo Neta, Paloma Lopes de Melo, Raphael de Azevedo Leitão, Hugo Moura de Albuquerque Melo
INTRODUCTION: Chikungunya (CHIK) is a tropical arbovirus, transmitted by the female mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. In Brazil, there have been cases reported since 2014. The initial manifestations of this virus are sudden onset high fever, headache, chills, rashes, myalgia and intense joint pain. Usually, CHIK presents the acute and chronic phases, the latter characterized by bilateral polyarthralgia, which can last for months or even years. During this period, autoimmune diseases can be triggered, making the picture even more complicated...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Aisha Aguiar Morais, Urjel Aguiar Bouissou Morais, Maria Marta Sarquis Soares, Márcia Christina Caetano Romano, Joel Alves Lamounier
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyze articles on the relation between neck circumference (NC) in adolescents and: body mass index, fat distribution, metabolic syndrome and its individual components, and cardiovascular risk. METHOD: Systematic review undertaken by two independent researchers using the Pubmed/Medline, Lilacs/Medline, Scielo and Cochrane databases in English, Spanish and Portuguese in the period comprising the past 5 years. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) articles were selected...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Rafael Alves Cordeiro, Leonardo Santos Hoff, Marcos Vinícius Fernandes Garcia, Hilton Muniz Leão Filho, Eduardo Ferreira Borba
Peliosis hepatis is a rare benign disorder characterized by the presence of multiple cavities filled with blood with no preferential localization in the liver parenchyma. It may be related to several etiologic conditions, especially infections and toxicity of immunosuppressive drugs. To our knowledge, there are only three articles reporting the association between peliosis hepatis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In this report, we describe a case of this rare condition, highlighting the importance of magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.6061/clinics/2017(05)10].
March 15, 2018: Clinics
Michel W J Smeets, Ruben Bierings, Henriet Meems, Frederik P J Mul, Dirk Geerts, Alexander P J Vlaar, Jan Voorberg, Peter L Hordijk
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173077.].
2018: PloS One
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