keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Early pregnancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342261/prevalence-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-greece
#1
Ioannis Tsakiridis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Georgios Papazisis, Stamatios Petousis, Athanasia Liozidou, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
Background: Many pregnant women smoke despite the extensive data available on the detrimental perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and to identify the factors associated with smoking among pregnant women in Northern Greece. Methods: A sample of pregnant women (mean gestational age: 12.6 weeks) participated in a cross-sectional study assessing the prevalence of smoking. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the factors associated with their smoking behavior...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341895/prenatal-paracetamol-exposure-and-child-neurodevelopment-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Ann Z Bauer, David Kriebel, Martha R Herbert, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Shanna H Swan
BACKGROUND: The non-prescription medication paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) is currently recommended as a safe pain and fever treatment during pregnancy. However, recent studies suggest a possible association between APAP use in pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a review of publications reporting associations between prenatal APAP use and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: Relevant sources were identified through a key word search of multiple databases (Medline, CINAHL, OVID and TOXNET) in September 2016...
January 13, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341347/employing-the-arts-for-knowledge-production-and-translation-visualizing-new-possibilities-for-women-speaking-up-about-safety-concerns-in-maternity
#3
Nicola Mackintosh, Jane Sandall, Claire Collison, Wendy Carter, James Harris
OBJECTIVES: This project used animated film to translate research findings into accessible health information aimed at enabling women to speak up and secure professional help for serious safety concerns during pregnancy and after birth. We tested as proof of concept our use of the arts both as product (knowledge production) and process (enabling involvement). BACKGROUND: Emergencies during pregnancy and birth, while unusual, can develop rapidly and unexpectedly, with catastrophic consequences...
January 17, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341271/review-shows-that-early-fetal-alcohol-exposure-may-cause-adverse-effects-even-when-the-mother-consumes-low-levels
#4
Ihsan Sarman
AIM: Studies are increasingly focusing on the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on child health. The aim of this review was to provide paediatricians with new insights to help them communicate key messages about avoiding alcohol during pregnancy. METHODS: Inspired by the 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, which focused on integrating research, policy and practice, we studied English language papers published since 2010 on how early PAE triggered epigenetic mechanisms that had an impact on the development of some chronic diseases...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341210/subchorionic-hematoma-correlation-of-grading-techniques-with-first-trimester-pregnancy-outcome
#5
Howard T Heller, Elizabeth A Asch, Sara M Durfee, Robin P Goldenson, Hope E Peters, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Peter M Doubilet, Carol B Benson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare grading systems of subchorionic hematoma (SCH) on first-trimester ultrasound examinations with live embryos to assess which best correlates with early pregnancy outcome and to assess the effect of gestational age at the time of diagnosis on outcome. METHODS: First-trimester live singleton pregnancies between 6 and 11 weeks' gestational age with SCH were identified by an institutional database search. First-trimester outcome was categorized as "live" or "demise" based on ultrasound or medical record documentation...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339829/associations-of-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-with-pregnancy-complications-in-project-viva
#6
Aarohee P Fulay, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Wei Perng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to improve cardiometabolic outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Little is known regarding the impact of this diet on health during pregnancy. The objective of this research is to examine associations of adherence to the DASH diet with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and other pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted analyses with data that came from 1760 women in Project Viva, a Boston-area longitudinal cohort recruited in early pregnancy 1999-2002...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339690/the-rationale-and-design-of-the-national-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-registries-in-turkey-the-artemis-i-and-artemis-ii-studies
#7
Meral Kayıkçıoğlu, Lale Tokgözoğlu, Ferit Onur Mutluer, Dilek Ural, Murat Biteker
OBJECTIVE: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction with an ejection fraction of ≤45% occurring in the later stages of pregnancy or soon after delivery. Although various risk factors have been identified, the exact cause of the disease is unknown. Unlike most countries in the European region, Turkey has yet to determine the current PPCM burden. A registry for this purpose does not exist. To close this gap, the A RegisTry of pEripartuM cardIomyopathy in Turkish patientS (ARTEMIS-I and ARTEMIS-II), was planned and endorsed by the Turkish Society of Cardiology...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338886/overweight-and-obesity-status-in-pregnant-women-are-related-to-intestinal-microbiota-and-serum-metabolic-and-inflammatory-profiles
#8
Noora Houttu, Kati Mokkala, Kirsi Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity may predispose women to clinical complications during their pregnancy. We hypothesize that a higher degree of overweight status is related to a range of aberrations in biomarkers already in early pregnancy. Our objective was to investigate whether intestinal microbiota, serum metabolic and inflammatory profiles differ in relation to the degree of overweight status in pregnant women. METHODS: This study investigated 52 overweight and 47 obese pregnant women in early pregnancy...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338855/vitrified-blastocyst-transfer-cycles-with-the-use-of-only-vaginal-progesterone-replacement-with-endometrin-have-inferior-ongoing-pregnancy-rates-results-from-the-planned-interim-analysis-of-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-noninferiority-trial
#9
Kate Devine, Kevin S Richter, Eric A Widra, Jeffrey L McKeeby
OBJECTIVE: To assess the noninferiority of vaginal P (Endometrin) compared with daily intramuscular P for replacement in programmed vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer cycles and to assess the noninferiority of vaginal P in combination with intramuscular progesterone every third day compared with daily intramuscular P. DESIGN: Three-arm randomized controlled noninferiority study. To enable early recognition of inferiority if present, an a priori interim analysis was planned and completed once ongoing pregnancy data were available for 50% of the total enrollment goal...
January 12, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338797/maternal-early-pregnancy-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy
#10
Satu M Kumpulainen, Polina Girchenko, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Rebecca M Reynolds, Soile Tuovinen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Kati Heinonen, Eero Kajantie, Pia M Villa, Esa Hämäläinen, Hannele Laivuori, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have linked maternal obesity with depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy. It remains unknown whether obesity associates with consistently elevated depressive symptoms throughout pregnancy, predicts symptoms postpartum when accounting for antenatal symptoms, and if co-morbid hypertensive and diabetic disorders add to these associations. We addressed these questions in a sample of Finnish women whom we followed during and after pregnancy. METHODS: Early pregnancy body mass index, derived from the Finnish Medical Birth Register and hospital records in 3234 PREDO study participants, was categorized into underweight (<18...
January 17, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338776/takayasu-arteritis-a-cause-of-hypertensive-disorder-of-pregnancy-a-case-report
#11
Jesus Lumbreras-Marquez, Roberto Arturo Castillo-Reyther, Salvador De-la-Maza-Labastida, Fernando Vazquez-Alaniz
BACKGROUND: Takayasu arteritis is a rare, chronic, granulomatous systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology and a few cases have been reported in pregnancy. In pregnancies concomitant with Takayasu arteritis or after diagnosis, Takayasu arteritis negatively affects pregnancy by increasing 13-fold the odds of complications such as hypertensive disorders. The best recommendations in this scenario are still to be made. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of 21-year-old, gravid 1, Mexican woman of Mestizo descent with chronic hypertension diagnosed since she was 15-years old who presented severe hypertension during pregnancy (early second trimester); the diagnosis of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy was ruled out requiring first-line and second-line antihypertensive therapy without serious associated maternal or fetal morbidity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338568/lactoferrin-plus-health-education-versus-total-dose-infusion-tdi-of-low-molecular-weight-lmw-iron-dextran-for-treating-iron-deficiency-anemia-ida-in-pregnancy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
A M Darwish, Fouly Ha, W H Saied, E Farah
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common medical disorder disturbing pregnancies particularly in low resources countries, and contributes significantly to morbidities and mortalities. Thus, early diagnosis and prompt management of IDA is highly recommended. AIM: To Test the efficacy and safety of oral lactoferrin plus health education provided by a nurse versus total dose infusion (TDI) of low-molecular weight (LMW) iron dextran for treating IDA in the second and third trimester of pregnancy...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338095/patient-controlled-tissue-collection-for-genetic-testing-after-early-pregnancy-loss-a-pilot-study
#13
Alexander Kucherov, Jessica Atrio, Zev Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine how frequently and effectively products of conception can be obtained among women pursuing medical management of early pregnancy loss. METHODS: This pilot study was conducted to assess products of conception recovery outcomes for participants opting for medical management compared to women opting for surgical aspiration A tissue-collection kit was provided to women opting for medical management. Outcomes measures included successful collection of products of conception, quantity and integrity of DNA, and participant satisfaction with the process...
January 16, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338067/the-influence-of-delayed-cord-clamping-and-cord-milking-on-inflammatory-cytokines-in-umbilical-vein-and-neonatal-circulation
#14
George Daskalakis, Angeliki Papapanagiotou, Charalambos Siristatidis, Petros Drakakis, Ioanna Mole, Anastasia Barbouni, Athanasios G Papavassiliou, Vasilios Pergialiotis
The purpose of the present study was to compare the levels of tumor necrosis factor a (TNF-a), and interleukins (IL) 1, 6, 8 and 10 in the umbilical cord and neonatal circulation among neonates with early and late cord clamping MATERIAL AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 76 cases that had an uncomplicated pregnancy and an uneventful parturition was evaluated. In 40 cases delayed cord clamping was used and in the remaining 36 cases early cord clamping was practiced. Blood samples were collected from the umbilical vein immediately after cord clamping and at 24 hours from the median cubital or basilic vein of the neonate RESULTS: Significant differences were noted in the hematocrit and hemoglobin levels at 24 hours that favored delayed clamping...
January 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338058/menstrual-and-reproductive-factors-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study-in-the-fez-region-morocco
#15
Mohamed Khalis, Barbara Charbotel, Véronique Chajès, Sabina Rinaldi, Aurélie Moskal, Carine Biessy, Laure Dossus, Inge Huybrechts, Emmanuel Fort, Nawfel Mellas, Samira Elfakir, Hafida Charaka, Chakib Nejjari, Isabelle Romieu, Karima El Rhazi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. In the Moroccan context, the role of well-known reproductive factors in breast cancer remains poorly documented. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between menstrual and reproductive factors and breast cancer risk in Moroccan women in the Fez region. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted at the Hassan II University Hospital of Fez between January 2014 and April 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337843/evaluation-of-a-decision-tree-for-efficient-antenatal-red-blood-cell-antibody-screening
#16
Isabelle le Ray, Brian Lee, Agneta Wikman, Marie Reilly
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to maternal red blood cell alloimmunization can have serious consequences. Since early detection enables careful monitoring of affected pregnancies, programs to routinely screen all pregnant women have been widely adopted. Due to the low prevalence of alloimmunization, these require large investments of resources to detect a small number of cases. METHODS: We conducted a validation study of a decision tree developed in the Netherlands for determining whether to screen for alloimmunization...
January 15, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336094/sympathetic-neurovascular-regulation-during-pregnancy-a-longitudinal-case-series-study
#17
Laura M Reyes, Charlotte W Usselman, Rachel J Skow, Nisha Charkoudian, Jeffery S Staab, Margie H Davenport, Craig D Steinback
The adaptations of sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) during pregnancy remain poorly understood. An increase in blood volume, cardiac output (Q) and SNA with a concomitant drop in total peripheral resistance (TPR), suggest that during pregnancy there is a reduced transduction of SNA into TPR. Most of these findings have originated from cross-sectional studies, thus, we conducted a longitudinal assessment of SNA and TPR in two participants. Measures were made pre-pregnancy (early follicular phase), four occasions during pregnancy, and at two-months postpartum...
January 16, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336062/time-varying-effects-of-signs-and-symptoms-on-pregnancy-loss-20-weeks-findings-from-a-preconception-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Katherine J Sapra, Germaine M Buck Louis, Rajeshwari Sundaram, K S Joseph, Lisa M Bates, Sando Galea, Cande V Ananth
BACKGROUND: Although pregnancy loss affects one-third of pregnancies, the associated signs/symptoms have not been fully described. Given the dynamic nature of maternal physiologic adaptation to early pregnancy, we posited the relationships between signs/symptoms and subsequent loss would vary weekly. METHODS: In a preconception cohort with daily follow-up, pregnancies were ascertained by self-administered sensitive home pregnancy tests on day of expected menses...
January 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335065/effects-of-maternal-marginal-iodine-deficiency-on-interactions-between-cerebellar-bergmann-glia-cells-and-purkinje-cells-in-rat-offspring
#19
Ye Yu, Jing Dong, Yuan Wang, Yi Wang, Hui Min, Zhong Yan Shan, Wei Ping Teng, Jie Chen
Iodine deficiency (ID) during early pregnancy has an adverse effect on children's psychomotor and motor function but the mechanism has not been clarified. Therefore, our aim was to study the effect of maternal marginal ID on cerebellar neurodevelopment and the underlying mechanism. After obtaining marginal ID rats, we examined interactions between Bergmann glia cells (BGs) and Purkinje cells (PCs) using immunofluorescence and expression of the glutamate transporter and receptor by western blot. Our results showed that marginal ID reduced the number of contacted points between BGs and PCs, and disturbed expression of the glutamate transporter and receptor...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335024/sex-differences-in-the-late-first-trimester-human-placenta-transcriptome
#20
Tania L Gonzalez, Tianyanxin Sun, Alexander F Koeppel, Bora Lee, Erica T Wang, Charles R Farber, Stephen S Rich, Lauren W Sundheimer, Rae A Buttle, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Jerome I Rotter, Stephen D Turner, John Williams, Mark O Goodarzi, Margareta D Pisarska
BACKGROUND: Development of the placenta during the late first trimester is critical to ensure normal growth and development of the fetus. Developmental differences in this window such as sex-specific variation are implicated in later placental disease states, yet gene expression at this time is poorly understood. METHODS: RNA-sequencing was performed to characterize the transcriptome of 39 first trimester human placentas using chorionic villi following genetic testing (17 females, 22 males)...
January 15, 2018: Biology of Sex Differences
keyword
keyword
15414
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"