keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fat loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786854/muffins-elaborated-with-optimized-monoglycerides-oleogels-from-solid-fat-replacer-obtention-to-product-quality-evaluation
#1
Anabella S Giacomozzi, María E Carrín, Camila A Palla
This study demonstrates the effectiveness of using oleogels from high oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) and monoglycerides as solid fat replacers in a sweet bakery product. Firstly, a methodology to obtain oleogels with desired properties based on mathematical models able to describe relationships between process and product characteristics variables followed by multi-objective optimization was applied. Later, muffins were prepared with the optimized oleogels and their physicochemical and textural properties were compared with those of muffins formulated using a commercial margarine (Control) or only HOSO...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786037/preliminary-outcome-of-individualized-abdominoperineal-excision-for-locally-advanced-low-rectal-cancer
#2
Yi Zheng, Jia-Gang Han, Zhen-Jun Wang, Zhi-Gang Gao, Guang-Hui Wei, Zhi-Wei Zhai, Bao-Cheng Zhao
Background: The introduction of individualized abdominoperineal excision (APE) may minimize operative trauma and reduce the rate of complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of individualized APE for low rectal cancer. Methods: Fifty-six patients who underwent individualized APE from June 2011 to June 2015 were evaluated retrospectively in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University. The main outcome measures were circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement, intraoperative perforation, postoperative complications, and local recurrence...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785940/metabolic-effects-safety-and-acceptability-of-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-dietetic-scheme-on-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#3
Vincenzo Pilone, Salvatore Tramontano, Michele Renzulli, Mafalda Romano, Luigi Cobellis, Tiziano Berselli, Luigi Schiavo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated significant advantages from a preoperative dietetic regimen for candidates to bariatric procedure. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of safety, efficacy, and acceptability of a very low-calorie ketogenic diet in patients before bariatric surgery. SETTING: University Hospital. METHODS: A standardized 30-day sequential preoperative diet regimen has been analyzed, optimizing metabolic response with gradual carbohydrate reintroduction...
March 21, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785640/switching-from-high-fat-diet-to-foods-containing-resveratrol-as-a-calorie-restriction-mimetic-changes-the-architecture-of-arcuate-nucleus-to-produce-more-newborn-anorexigenic-neurons
#4
Maryam Safahani, Hadi Aligholi, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Mahmoud Djalali, Hamideh Pishva, Sayed Mostafa Modarres Mousavi, Leila Alizadeh, Ali Gorji, Fariba Koohdani
PURPOSE: These days, obesity threatens the health for which one of the main interventions is calorie restriction (CR). Due to the difficulty of compliance with this treatment, CR mimetics such as resveratrol (RSV) have been considered. The present study compared the effects of RSV and CR on hypothalamic remodeling in a diet-switching experiment. METHODS: C57BL/6 male mice received high-fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks, subsequently their diet switched to chow diet, HFD + RSV, chow diet + RSV or CR diet for a further 6 weeks...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785242/role-of-oxidative-stress-as-key-regulator-of-muscle-wasting-during-cachexia
#5
REVIEW
Johanna Ábrigo, Alvaro A Elorza, Claudia A Riedel, Cristian Vilos, Felipe Simon, Daniel Cabrera, Lisbell Estrada, Claudio Cabello-Verrugio
Skeletal muscle atrophy is a pathological condition mainly characterized by a loss of muscular mass and the contractile capacity of the skeletal muscle as a consequence of muscular weakness and decreased force generation. Cachexia is defined as a pathological condition secondary to illness characterized by the progressive loss of muscle mass with or without loss of fat mass and with concomitant diminution of muscle strength. The molecular mechanisms involved in cachexia include oxidative stress, protein synthesis/degradation imbalance, autophagy deregulation, increased myonuclear apoptosis, and mitochondrial dysfunction...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785025/an-immune-beige-adipocyte-communication-via-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-signaling
#6
Heejin Jun, Hui Yu, Jianke Gong, Juan Jiang, Xiaona Qiao, Eric Perkey, Dong-Il Kim, Margo P Emont, Alexander G Zestos, Jung-Sun Cho, Jianfeng Liu, Robert T Kennedy, Ivan Maillard, X Z Shawn Xu, Jun Wu
Beige adipocytes have recently been shown to regulate energy dissipation when activated and help organisms defend against hypothermia and obesity. Prior reports indicate that beige-like adipocytes exist in adult humans and that they may present novel opportunities to curb the global epidemic in obesity and metabolic illnesses. In an effort to identify unique features of activated beige adipocytes, we found that expression of the cholinergic receptor nicotinic alpha 2 subunit (Chrna2) was induced in subcutaneous fat during the activation of these cells and that acetylcholine-producing immune cells within this tissue regulated this signaling pathway via paracrine mechanisms...
May 21, 2018: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779836/-correlations-between-insulin-sensitivity-with-anthropometric-and-metabolic-parameters-in-type-2-diabetics
#7
H Abdesselem, I Sebai, M Jemal, K Ounaissa, H Kandara, I Kammoun, C Amrouche, L Ben Salem
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate correlations between insulin sensitivity and insulinosecretion with anthropometric and metabolic parameters in type 2 diabetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with oral antidiabetic medications. The evaluation of insulin resistance and insulinosecretion was based on the calculation of the HOMA-IR and HOMA-β indices. RESULTS: The mean age for the 100diabetes recruited was 56...
May 17, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779170/histological-improvement-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-with-a-prebiotic-a-pilot-clinical-trial
#8
Marc R Bomhof, Jill A Parnell, Hena R Ramay, Pam Crotty, Kevin P Rioux, Chris S Probert, Saumya Jayakumar, Maitreyi Raman, Raylene A Reimer
PURPOSE: In obesity and diabetes the liver is highly susceptible to abnormal uptake and storage of fat. In certain individuals hepatic steatosis predisposes to the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a disease marked by hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. Although the precise pathophysiology of NASH is unknown, it is believed that the gut microbiota-liver axis influences the development of this disease. With few treatment strategies available for NASH, exploration of gut microbiota-targeted interventions is warranted...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777234/prevotella-to-bacteroides-ratio-predicts-body-weight-and-fat-loss-success-on-24-week-diets-varying-in-macronutrient-composition-and-dietary-fiber-results-from-a-post-hoc-analysis
#9
Mads F Hjorth, Trine Blædel, Line Q Bendtsen, Janne K Lorenzen, Jacob B Holm, Pia Kiilerich, Henrik M Roager, Karsten Kristiansen, Lesli H Larsen, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Individuals with high pre-treatment bacterial Prevotella-to-Bacteroides (P/B) ratio have been reported to lose more body weight on diets high in fiber than subjects with a low P/B ratio. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine potential differences in dietary weight loss responses between participants with low and high P/B. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eighty overweight participants were randomized (52 completed) to a 500 kcal/d energy deficit diet with a macronutrient composition of 30 energy percentage (E%) fat, 52 E% carbohydrate and 18 E% protein either high (≈1500 mg calcium/day) or low ( ≤ 600 mg calcium/day) in dairy products for 24 weeks...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776966/loss-of-tigar-induces-oxidative-stress-and-meiotic-defects-in-oocytes-from-obese-mice
#10
Haichao Wang, Qing Cheng, Xiaoyan Li, Feifei Hu, Longsen Han, Hao Zhang, Ling Li, Juan Ge, Xiaoyan Ying, Xuejiang Guo, Qiang Wang
Maternal obesity has been reported to impair oocyte quality in mice, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, by conducting a comparative proteomic analysis, we identified a reduced expression of TIGAR protein in ovulated oocytes from high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Specific depletion of TIGAR in mouse oocytes results in the marked elevation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and the failure of meiotic apparatus assembly. Importantly, forced expression of TIGAR in HFD oocytes not only attenuates ROS production, but also partly prevents spindle disorganization and chromosome misalignment during meiosis...
May 18, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775456/maternal-obesogenic-diet-induces-endometrial-hyperplasia-an-early-hallmark-of-endometrial-cancer-in-a-diethylstilbestrol-mouse-model
#11
Theresa O Owuor, Michaela Reid, Lauren Reschke, Ian Hagemann, Suellen Greco, Zeel Modi, Kelle H Moley
Thirty-eight percent of US adult women are obese, meaning that more children are now born of overweight and obese mothers, leading to an increase in predisposition to several adult onset diseases. To explore this phenomenon, we developed a maternal obesity animal model by feeding mice a diet composed of high fat/ high sugar (HF/HS) and assessed both maternal diet and offspring diet on the development of endometrial cancer (ECa). We show that maternal diet by itself did not lead to ECa initiation in wildtype offspring of the C57Bl/6J mouse strain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775087/does-armodafinil-improve-driving-task-performance-and-weight-loss-in-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-trial
#12
Julia Louise Chapman, Elizabeth Anne Cayanan, Camilla Miranda Hoyos, Yasmina Serinel, Maria Comas, Brendon John Yee, Keith Keat Huat Wong, Ronald Robert Grunstein, Nathaniel Stuart Marshall
RATIONALE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients unable to tolerate standard treatments have few alternatives. They may benefit from weight loss, but the major symptom of daytime performance impairment may remain during weight loss programs. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that wakefulness-promoter armodafinil would improve driving task performance over placebo in patients undergoing weight loss. METHODS Placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial of Armodafinil vs Placebo daily for 6 months in patients who were also randomized to one of two diets for six months with follow-up at one year in overweight, adult, OSA patients who had rejected standard treatment and suffered daytime sleepiness...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774305/multi-slice-mri-reveals-heterogeneity-in-disease-distribution-along-the-length-of-muscle-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#13
Stephen M Chrzanowski, Celine Baligand, Rebecca J Willcocks, Jasjit Deol, Ilona Schmalfuss, Donovan J Lott, Michael J Daniels, Claudia Senesac, Glenn A Walter, Krista Vandenborne
Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) causes progressive pathologic changes to muscle secondary to a cascade of inflammation, lipid deposition, and fibrosis. Clinically, this manifests as progressive weakness, functional loss, and premature mortality. Though insult to whole muscle groups is well established, less is known about the relationship between intramuscular pathology and function. Objective: Differences of intramuscular heterogeneity across muscle length were assessed using an ordinal MRI grading scale in lower leg muscles of boys with DMD and correlated to patient's functional status...
September 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772836/soybean-hop-alleviates-estrogen-deficiency-related-bone-loss-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-ovariectomized-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#14
Dasom Noh, Yeni Lim, Hansol Lee, Hyejin Kim, Oran Kwon
Soybeans and hops have been traditionally used as a natural estrogen replacement therapy and their major active ingredients, isoflavones and prenylflavanones, are known to have estrogenic/antiestrogenic effects depending on the target organ. However, their potential benefits are still subject to controversies. The present study investigated the dual effect of soy isoflavones plus hop prenylflavanones (Soy-Hop) on bone loss and metabolic dysfunction under estrogen deficient condition. Rats were sham-operated ( n = 10) or ovariectomized (OVX; n = 40) and then fed a high-fat diet (HFD) to develop hyperlipidemia in OVX rats within the experimental period of 8 weeks...
May 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771336/fto-is-a-transcriptional-repressor-to-auto-regulate-its-own-gene-and-potentially-associated-with-homeostasis-of-body-weight
#15
Shu-Jing Liu, Hui-Ling Tang, Qian He, Ping Lu, Tao Fu, Xu-Ling Xu, Tao Su, Mei-Mei Gao, Shumin Duan, Yan Luo, Yue-Sheng Long
Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) protein is a ferrous ion (Fe2+)/2-oxoglutarate (2-OG)-dependent demethylase preferentially catalyzing m6A sites in RNA. The FTO gene is highly expressed in the hypothalamus with fluctuation in response to various nutritional conditions, which is believed to be involved in the control of whole body metabolism. However, the underlying mechanism in response to different nutritional cues remains poorly understood. Here we show that ketogenic diet-derived ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) transiently increases FTO expression in both mouse hypothalamus and cultured cells...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770924/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-induced-weight-loss-and-metabolic-improvements-are-similar-in-tgr5-deficient-and-wildtype-mice
#16
Zheng Hao, R Leigh Townsend, Michael B Mumphrey, Thomas W Gettys, Sangho Yu, Heike Münzberg, Christopher D Morrison, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) remains one of the most effective treatments for obesity and type 2 diabetes. Despite this, the mechanisms through which it acts are still not well understood. Bile acid signaling through the transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor TGR5 has been shown to have significant effects on metabolism and has recently been reported to be necessary for the full effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), a bariatric surgery with similar effects to RYGB...
May 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768729/adaptive-changes-in-pancreas-post-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-induced-weight-loss
#17
A Lautenbach, M Wernecke, N Riedel, J Veigel, J Yamamura, S Keller, R Jung, P Busch, O Mann, F K Knop, J J Holst, J J Meier, J Aberle
AIMS: Obesity has been shown to trigger adaptive increases in pancreas parenchymal and fat volume. Consecutively, pancreatic steatosis may lead to beta-cell dysfunction. However, it is not known, whether the pancreatic tissue components decrease with weight loss and pancreatic steatosis is reversible following RYGB. Therefore, the objective of the study was to investigate the effects of RYGB-induced weight loss on pancreatic volume and glucose homeostasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 11 patients were recruited in the Obesity Centre of the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf...
May 16, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767730/physicochemical-characteristics-and-sensory-attributes-of-meat-from-heavy-weight-iberian-and-f1-large-white-x-landrace-pigs-finished-intensively-or-in-free-range-conditions
#18
J Almeida, M C Bressan, J Santos-Silva, O Moreira, C Bettencourt, L T Gama
Iberian (IB, n=60) and crossbred Large White*Landrace (F1, n=58) pigs were slaughtered at 160 kg, after finishing under intensive conditions or on pasture and acorns. The study was carried out as a factorial arrangement of treatments, and physicochemical properties and sensory attributes of meat were assessed in L. thoracis samples. Physical characteristics included the assessment of drip loss, cooking loss, shear force and color coordinates in meat samples processed at 2 d and 9 d post mortem. The interactions of genetic group and finishing system were significant (P<0...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767718/prediction-of-treatment-outcomes-for-neck-rejuvenation-utilizing-a-unique-classification-system-of-treatment-approach-using-a-1440-nm-side-firing-laser
#19
Gabriella A DiBernardo, Barry E DiBernardo
Background: The appearance of a youthful neck is lost with age causing excessive skin laxity, a loss of subcutaneous fat, prominence of platysmal banding, and jowling. In view of the success obtained with laser treatment for neck rejuvenation, the authors have recently taken an algorithmic approach to developing a 7-category classification system of the aging conditions throughout the anatomic spectrum of three areas: skin, fat, and muscle. This system will correlate with specific treatment options...
May 15, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767694/shorter-time-to-pregnancy-with-increasing-preconception-carotene-concentrations-among-women-with-1-to-2-previous-pregnancy-losses
#20
Keewan Kim, Enrique F Schisterman, Robert M Silver, Brian D Wilcox, Anne M Lynch, Neil J Perkins, Richard W Browne, Laurie L Lesher, Joseph B Stanford, Aijun Ye, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Sunni L Mumford
Although maternal nutrition may impact fecundity, associations between preconception micronutrients and time to pregnancy (TTP) has not been examined. We assessed the relationship between preconception fat-soluble micronutrient concentrations and TTP among women with 1-2 prior pregnancy losses. This is a prospective cohort study of 1,228 women set in the EAGeR Trial (US, 2007-2011), which assessed the effect of preconception-initiated daily low dose aspirin on reproductive outcomes. We measured preconception zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin, lycopene, α- and β-carotene, and α- and γ-tocopherol in serum...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
1541
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"