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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335403/comparison-of-faunal-scavenging-of-submerged-carrion-in-two-seasons-at-a-depth-of-170-m-in-the-strait-of-georgia-british-columbia
#1
Gail S Anderson, Lynne S Bell
The taphonomy of carcasses submerged in the ocean is little understood, yet it is extremely important ecologically and forensically. The objectives of this study were to determine the fate of pig carcasses as human proxies in the Strait of Georgia at 170 m in spring and fall. Using Ocean Networks Canada's Victoria Experimental Network Underseas (VENUS) observatory, two carcasses per season were placed under a cabled platform hosting a webcam and instruments measuring water chemistry. Two minutes of video were recorded every 15 min...
March 13, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333545/chiropody-podiatry-interprovincial-differences-in-profession-formation
#2
Tracey L Adams
The regulation of foot health care professionals varies across provinces in Canada. In Ontario, the regulated health profession is chiropody. Chiropodists are foot specialists with a limited scope of practice. In contrast, British Columbia and five other provinces regulate podiatrists, who are highly trained foot physicians with an extensive scope of practice. This article explores the history of chiropody/podiatry in Ontario and British Columbia from the early 1900s through the 1980s in order to understand how professional development in this field took such divergent paths within Canada...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327925/abvd-chemotherapy-with-reduced-radiation-therapy-rates-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-all-stages-of-hodgkin-lymphoma
#3
K C Marr, J M Connors, K J Savage, K J Goddard, R J Deyell
Background: We adopted ABVD chemotherapy with risk-adapted radiation therapy (RT) as first-line therapy for children, adolescents and young adults with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in British Columbia (BC) in 2004. Patients and Methods: Patients ≤ 25 years diagnosed from 2004 to 2013 with all stages of HL who received ABVD as initial therapy were included. Results: Among 55 children (age < 18 y) and 154 young adults (18-25 y) there were no significant differences between age groups for sex, histologic subtype, tumour bulk, B symptoms, prognostic risk groups or treatment received...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322177/prevalence-estimate-of-cerebral-palsy-in-northern-alberta-births-2008-2010
#4
Charlene M T Robertson, M Florencia Ricci, Kathleen O'Grady, Maryam Oskoui, Helly Goez, Jerome Y Yager, John C Andersen
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine prevalence estimates of cerebral palsy (CP) among 5-year-old children in northern Alberta; to provide congenital, gestational age- and birth weight-specific, and postneonatal CP rates; and to describe motor subtypes and function. METHODS: This population-based prevalence estimate study, part of the Canadian Cerebral Palsy Registry, reports confirmed CP diagnoses at age 5 years made by pediatric rehabilitation and child neurology specialists...
March 21, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320690/use-of-getcheckedonline-a-comprehensive-web-based-testing-service-for-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#5
Mark Gilbert, Travis Salway, Devon Haag, Christopher K Fairley, Jason Wong, Troy Grennan, Zhaida Uddin, Christopher S Buchner, Tom Wong, Mel Krajden, Mark Tyndall, Jean Shoveller, Gina Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: The British Columbia Centre for Disease Control implemented a comprehensive Web-based testing service GetCheckedOnline (GCO) in September 2014 in Vancouver, Canada. GCO's objectives are to increase testing for sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs), reach high-prevalence populations facing testing barriers, and increase clinical STI service capacity. GCO was promoted through email invitations to provincial STI clinic clients, access codes to clients unable to access immediate clinic-based testing (deferred testers), and a campaign to gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316941/acute-kidney-injury-following-spinal-instrumentation-surgery-in-children
#6
Jasper J Jöbsis, Abdullah Alabbas, Ruth Milner, Christopher Reilly, Kishore Mulpuri, Cherry Mammen
AIM: To determine acute kidney in jury (AKI) incidence and potential risk factors of AKI in children undergoing spinal instrumentation surgery. METHODS: AKI incidence in children undergoing spinal instrumentation surgery at British Columbia Children's Hospital between January 2006 and December 2008 was determined by the Acute Kidney Injury Networ classification using serum creatinine and urine output criteria. During this specific time period, all patients following spinal surgery were monitored in the pediatric intensive care unit and had an indwelling Foley catheter permitting hourly urine output recording...
March 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314465/data-capture-and-communication-during-transfers-to-definitive-care-in-an-inclusive-trauma-system
#7
Nori L Bradley, Naisan Garraway, Nathaniel Bell, Nasira Lakha, S Morad Hameed
INTRODUCTION: Background trauma survivors in rural areas transferred to urban centers have higher mortality than trauma patients admitted directly to urban centers. Transfer data in trauma registries is important for injury control. Prehospital and early physiologic data may reflect processes of pre-hospital care. British Columbia currently has no standardized process for trauma patient data transfer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective data analysis for major trauma patients (ISS>15) transferred to a Level I trauma center over a 1year period (n=243)...
November 5, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303174/local-site-differences-in-survival-and-parasitism-of-periwinkles-littorina-sitkana-philippi-1846
#8
Mónica Ayala-Díaz, Jean M L Richardson, Bradley R Anholt
The periwinkle, Littorina sitkana, is found throughout the intertidal zone, often in isolated subpopulations. The majority of trematode parasites use snails as intermediate hosts, and decreased survivorship is often observed in snails infected with trematodes. Sampling L. sitkana from four sites in Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada, we test the effects of parasitic infection on snail survival using maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches using the software MARK and WinBUGS. We found that survival of periwinkles and trematode community composition differed among sites, but survival and trematode prevalence were uncorrelated...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302424/external-validation-of-the-universal-termination-of-resuscitation-rule-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-british-columbia
#9
Brian Grunau, John Taylor, Frank X Scheuermeyer, Robert Stenstrom, William Dick, Takahisa Kawano, David Barbic, Ian Drennan, Jim Christenson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The Universal Termination of Resuscitation Rule (TOR Rule) was developed to identify out-of-hospital cardiac arrests eligible for field termination of resuscitation, avoiding futile transportation to the hospital. The validity of the rule in emergency medical services (EMS) systems that do not routinely transport out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients to the hospital is unknown. We seek to validate the TOR Rule in British Columbia. METHODS: This study included consecutive, nontraumatic, adult, out-of-hospital cardiac arrests treated by EMS in British Columbia from April 2011 to September 2015...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301639/association-of-repeated-intravitreous-bevacizumab-injections-with-risk-for-glaucoma-surgery
#10
Brennan D Eadie, Mahyar Etminan, Bruce C Carleton, David A Maberley, Frederick S Mikelberg
Importance: Intravitreous injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents are associated with a sustained increase in intraocular pressure. This sustained elevated intraocular pressure could lead to higher rates of glaucoma surgery to lower this pressure. Objective: To determine the risk of glaucoma surgery following repeated intravitreous bevacizumab injections. Design, Setting, Participants: This nested, case-control study acquired and analyzed data from large, population-based, linked health databases supported by the British Columbia Ministry of Health in Canada...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300444/methylisothiazolinone-contact-allergy-prevalence-in-western-canada
#11
Jessica E Wilford, Gillian C de Gannes
BACKGROUND: Contact allergy to methylisothiazolinone (MI) or to the combination of methylchloroisothiazolinone and MI (MCI/MI) is an important and increasing cause of allergic contact dermatitis, with prevalence rates higher than 10% in some centers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this retrospective chart review is to provide a western Canadian perspective on whether the positive patch testing rate to MCI/MI or MI increased during the testing period of 2008 to 2015 and whether the addition of MI at 2000 ppm resulted in increased detection...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298559/the-risk-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-a-general-population-based-study
#12
J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta, Michael Jansz, Eric C Sayre, Hyon K Choi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the future risk and time trends of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in individuals with newly diagnosed primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) in the general population. METHODS: Using a population database that includes all residents of British Columbia, Canada, we created a study cohort of all patients with incident SS and up to 10 controls from the general population matched for age, sex, and entry time. We compared incidence rates (IR) of pulmonary embolism (PE), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and VTE between the 2 groups according to SS disease duration...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288246/acute-kidney-injury-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-hospitalized-for-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#13
Brenden E Hursh, Rebecca Ronsley, Nazrul Islam, Cherry Mammen, Constadina Panagiotopoulos
Importance: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in children is associated with poor short-term and long-term health outcomes; however, the frequency of AKI in children hospitalized for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has not been previously examined. Objectives: To determine the proportion of children hospitalized for DKA who develop AKI and to identify the associated clinical and biochemical markers of AKI. Design, Setting, and Participants: This medical record review of all DKA admissions from September 1, 2008, through December 31, 2013, was conducted at British Columbia Children's Hospital, the tertiary pediatric hospital in British Columbia, Canada...
March 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286592/opinions-and-preferences-of-british-columbia-pharmacists-and-physicians-on-medication-management-services
#14
Nicole W Tsao, Amir Khakban, Louise Gastonguay, Zafar Zafari, Larry D Lynd, Carlo A Marra
BACKGROUND: Medication management (MM) services are being provided by pharmacists across Canada in various forms, but pharmacist-physician collaboration is still not a routine practice in most jurisdictions. This survey aimed to gather pharmacists' and physicians' opinions and preferences for MM provision. METHODS: Two parallel, cross-sectional online surveys, including best-worst scaling tasks, were designed for pharmacists and physicians in British Columbia to capture and compare their preferences for a number of attributes of MM...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283098/from-bugs-to-brains-the-microbiome-in-neurological-health
#15
EDITORIAL
Kyla A McKay, Kaarina Kowalec, Fiona Brinkman, B Brett Finlay, Marc Horwitz, Amee R Manges, Lisa Osborne, Helen Tremlett
Knowledge surrounding the trillions of microbes that inhabit the human gut has bloomed exponentially in recent years, and the emerging concept of a gut-brain axis represents a major shift in how we think about neurological health. A recent workshop at the University of British Columbia, Canada brought together multi-disciplinary leaders in the field of microbiomics and brain health and aimed to serve as a springboard for future combined endeavors in these areas. This article provides the motivation for, and overview of, the workshop, and the next steps in establishing a cross-disciplinary initiative on Brain Health and the Microbiome...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279617/the-diabetes-evaluation-framework-for-innovative-national-evaluations-define-construct-and-content-validation-using-a-modified-delphi-method
#16
Jann Paquette-Warren, Marie Tyler, Meghan Fournie, Stewart B Harris
OBJECTIVES: In order to scale-up successful innovations, more evidence is needed to evaluate programs that attempt to address the rising prevalence of diabetes and the associated burdens on patients and the healthcare system. This study aimed to assess the construct and content validity of the Diabetes Evaluation Framework for Innovative National Evaluations (DEFINE), a tool developed to guide the evaluation, design and implementation with built-in knowledge translation principles. METHODS: A modified Delphi method, including 3 individual rounds (questionnaire with 7-point agreement/importance Likert scales and/or open-ended questions) and 1 group round (open discussion) were conducted...
March 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279448/visual-or-automated-dipstick-testing-for-proteinuria-in-pregnancy
#17
Mauricio E Correa, Anne-Marie Côté, Dane A De Silva, Li Wang, Prianthiny Packianathan, Peter von Dadelszen, Laura A Magee
OBJECTIVES: To compare the Multistix 10SG/visual-read with two automated methods (Multistix 10SG/Clinitek 50 and Chemstrip 10A/Urisys 1100) to detect significant proteinuria among high-risk pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study at British Columbia Women's Hospital & Health Centre, Vancouver, Canada. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diagnostic accuracy determined by sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+ and LR-)...
January 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278712/nonrandom-occurrence-of-lymphoid-cancer-types-in-140-families
#18
Samantha J Jones, Jackson Voong, Ruth Thomas, Amy English, Johanna Schuetz, Graham W Slack, Jinko Graham, Joseph M Connors, Angela Brooks-Wilson
We studied 140 families with two or more lymphoid cancers, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and multiple myeloma (MM), for deviation from the population age of onset and lymphoid cancer co-occurrence patterns. Median familial NHL, HL, CLL and MM ages of onset are substantially earlier than comparable population data. NHL, HL and CLL (but not MM) also show earlier age of onset in later generations, known as anticipation. The co-occurrence of lymphoid cancers is significantly different from that expected based on population frequencies (p < ...
February 21, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277207/estimating-the-cost-of-cancer-care-in-british-columbia-and-ontario-a-canadian-inter-provincial-comparison
#19
Claire De Oliveira, Reka Pataky, Karen E Bremner, Jagadish Rangrej, Kelvin K W Chan, Winson Y Cheung, Jeffrey S Hoch, Stuart Peacock, Murray D Krahn
BACKGROUND: Costing studies are useful to measure the economic burden of cancer. Comparing costs between healthcare systems can inform evaluation, development or modification of cancer care policies. OBJECTIVES: To estimate and compare cancer costs in British Columbia and Ontario from the payers' perspectives. METHODS: Using linked cancer registry and administrative data, and standardized costing methodology and analyses, we estimated costs for 21 cancer sites by phase of care to determine potential differences between provinces...
February 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273769/infection-related-health-care-utilization-among-people-with-and-without-multiple-sclerosis
#20
José Ma Wijnands, Elaine Kingwell, Feng Zhu, Yinshan Zhao, John D Fisk, Charity Evans, Ruth Ann Marrie, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Little is known about infection risk in multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: We examined infection-related health care utilization in people with and without MS. METHODS: Using population-based health administrative data from British Columbia, Canada, people with MS were followed from their first demyelinating claim (1996-2013) until death, emigration, or study end (2013). Infection-related hospital, physician, and prescription data of MS cases were compared with sex-, age-, and geographically matched controls using adjusted regression models...
December 1, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
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