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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044442/concurrent-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-canada
#1
Saeeda Khan
Based on results of the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health, 1.2% of Canadians aged 15 to 64 (an estimated 282,000) experienced mental and substance use disorders concurrently in the previous year (at least one mood/anxiety disorder and one substance use disorder). Demographic, socioeconomic, health status and service use characteristics of the concurrent disorder group were compared with those of people who had only a mood/ anxiety disorder or only a substance use disorder. Those with concurrent disorders had consistently poorer psychological health and higher use of health services and were more likely to report partially met/unmet needs than the substance use disorder group, even when demographic and socioeconomic factors and number of chronic health conditions were taken into account...
August 16, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043281/predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-victims-of-serious-motor-vehicle-accidents
#2
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: Compelling evidence has shown that motor vehicle accidents have an enormous impact on mental health. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common psychological consequences in adult survivors of accidents, so it is important to understand the prevalence and predictors of this issue since delay causes damage to crucial daily functioning. This study aimed at investigating the prevalence and predictors of PTSD after motor vehicle accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 528 injured patients six weeks to six months after motor vehicle accident in Imam Reza Clinic of Poursina hospital, Rasht in 2015...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041941/disentangling-the-effects-of-a-multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-zambia-a-theory-based-process-evaluation
#3
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Joyce Chilekwa, Roma Chilengi, Val Curtis
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of child death in Zambia. As elsewhere, the disease burden could be greatly reduced through caregiver uptake of existing prevention and treatment strategies. We recently reported the results of the Komboni Housewives intervention which tested a novel strategy employing motives including affiliation and disgust to improve caregiver practice of four diarrhoea control behaviours: exclusive breastfeeding; handwashing with soap; and correct preparation and use of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc...
October 17, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040889/factors-associated-with-happiness-in-the-elderly-persons-living-in-the-community
#4
Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Daiene de Morais, Rebeca Mendes de Paula Pessoa, Sofia Cristina I Pavarini, Marcos Hortes N Chagas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with happiness in a sample of Brazilian older adults. METHODS: A study was conducted with 263 elderly people in the area of coverage of a family health unit located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The Subjective Happiness Scale was used to measure happiness, the final score of which determined one of three outcomes: not happy, intermediate, and happy. Disability, sociodemographic characteristics, and psychological, cognitive, and physical factors were considered for the multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038719/phenomenological-needs-assessment-of-parents-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#5
Firoozeh Mostafavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Gholamreza Sharifi Rad, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Leila Ravanyar
BACKGROUND: The use of cochlear implants has been a remarkable success in reducing disabilities in those with impaired hearing, which have made a significant change in the patients' quality of life. Only by relying on cochlear implants, disabilities cannot be eliminated in the hearing impaired, and, alongside this intervention, rehabilitation practices such as through family and community support are necessary. AIM: To explain the needs of parents of children with cochlear implants to increase the quality of rehabilitation services and family-based interventions...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036842/investigating-the-discrepancy-between-subjective-and-objective-cognitive-impairment-following-acquired-brain-injury-the-role-of-psychological-affect
#6
Christopher Byrne, Rudi Coetzer, Karen Addy
BACKGROUND: Previous research examining the use of self-reported cognitive impairment as a reliable predictor of actual objective cognitive impairment (OCI) has provided mixed results. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to examine the potential discrepancy between subjective and objective cognitive impairment in a sample of individuals with an acquired brain injury (ABI). METHOD: Twenty-four participants, recruited from a community brain injury service, completed an objective neuropsychological assessment and a series of self-report questionnaires assessing psychological affect and perceived cognitive difficulties...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036823/prevalence-and-correlates-of-behavioral-disorders-in-old-age-subjects-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#7
Virginia Boccardi, Manuela Conestabile Della Staffa, Marta Baroni, Sara Ercolani, Michele Francesco Croce, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Patrizia Mecocci
BACKGROUND: Presence of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) is very common in subjects with cognitive impairment, representing an important determinant of disease progression, institutionalization, and worse prognosis. Knowledge of the prevalence and correlates of BPSD in community-living old subjects with cognitive impairment is limited so far, but it is essential for establishing specifically tailored care and cure in such a vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: With this study, we aimed at investigating, in a large sample of old age subjects with cognitive impairment, BPSD prevalence and correlates including the main demographic, clinical, and socio-environmental characteristics...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035688/why-social-relationships-are-important-for-physical-health-a-systems-approach-to-understanding-and-modifying-risk-and-protection
#8
Julianne Holt-Lunstad
Social relationships are adaptive and crucial for survival. This review presents existing evidence that our social connections to others have powerful influences on health and longevity and that lacking social connection qualifies as a risk factor for premature mortality. A systems perspective is presented as a framework by which to move social connection into the realm of public health. Individuals, and health-relevant biological processes, exist within larger social contexts including the family, neighborhood and community, and society and culture...
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033252/impact-of-prior-icu-experience-on-icu-patient-family-members-psychological-distress-a-descriptive-study
#9
Chrystal L Lewis, Jessica Z Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine if current levels of anxiety, depression and acute stress disorder symptoms differ significantly among family members of intensive-care-unit patients depending upon previous intensive-care experience. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study used a prospective, descriptive study design. SETTING: Family members (N=127) from patients admitted within a 72-hour timeframe to the medical, surgical, cardiac and neurological intensive care units were recruited from waiting rooms at a medium-sized community hospital in the Southeastern United States...
October 12, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032590/a-scoping-approach-to-systematically-review-published-reviews-adaptations-and-recommendations
#10
REVIEW
Annette Schultz, Leah Goertzen, Janet Rothney, Pamela Wener, Jennifer Enns, Gayle Halas, Alan Katz
Knowledge translation is a central focus of the health research community, which includes strategies to synthesize published research to support uptake within healthcare practice and policy arenas. Within the literature concerning review methodologies, a new discussion has emerged concerning methods that review and synthesize published review articles. In this paper, our multidisciplinary team from family medicine, nursing, dental hygiene, kinesiology, occupational therapy, physiology, population health, clinical psychology and library sciences contribute to this discussion by sharing our experiences in conducting three scoping reviews of published review studies...
October 15, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032449/effectiveness-of-a-self-help-cognitive-behavioural-treatment-program-for-problem-gamblers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
T P S Oei, N Raylu, W W Lai
The study aimed to strengthen the scarce literature on self-help treatments for Problem Gambling (PG) by comparing the effectiveness of a Self-Help Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (SHCBT) program (n = 23) with a 6-week Waitlist condition (n = 32) in problem gamblers. Participants were community volunteers with gambling problems and were randomly allocated to the Waitlist and treatment conditions. Results showed significant improvements at post-treatment in gambling behaviors including frequency of gambling, average amount gambled per day and PG symptoms as well as a number of gambling correlates including psychological states (e...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032166/interpersonal-vulnerability-among-offspring-of-holocaust-survivors-gay-men-and-its-association-with-depressive-symptoms-and-life-satisfaction
#12
Geva Shenkman, Amit Shrira, Kfir Ifrah, Dov Shmotkin
The aim of the current study was to examine whether offspring of Holocaust survivors (OHS) gay men report higher interpersonal vulnerability in comparison to non-OHS gay men, and to further assess whether that vulnerability mediates the association between having a Holocaust background and mental health outcomes (depressive symptoms and life satisfaction). For this purpose, a community-dwelling sample of 79 middle-aged and older OHS and 129 non-OHS gay men completed measures of hostile-world scenario (HWS) in the interpersonal domain, satisfaction from current steady relationship, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction...
October 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027672/inside-out-representational-ethics-and-diverse-communities
#13
Miryam Haarlammert, Dina Birman, Ashmeet Oberoi, Wendy Jordana Moore
The purpose of this paper is to write about insights and special considerations for researchers who are, to some degree, "insiders" to the communities they study by expanding on the concept of representational ethics as applied to research in community psychology with diverse and marginalized groups. Representational ethics refers to the ways that researchers, artists, or corporations represent the identities of the people they portray in their communications. As community psychologists we generate and disseminate knowledge about the communities we work with, and in that process, create narratives about the people who participate in our studies...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027086/the-association-between-somatic-and-psychological-discomfort-and-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-elderly-and-non-elderly
#14
Hyeon-Sook Lee, Siwoo Lee, Sohee Park, Younghwa Baek, Ji-Hye Youn, Dan Bee Cho, Jung-Hyun Jin, Aesun Shin, Sue K Park, Keon Wook Kang, Young-Khi Lim, Chul Hwan Kang, Keun-Young Yoo, Kwang-Pil Ko
PURPOSE: Symptoms and discomfort are common complaints in primary care settings. It has been postulated that the physical symptoms are informative index in estimating Health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Thus, we conducted a community-based cross-sectional study to assess the relationship between somatic and psychological discomfort and HRQOL in elderly and non-elderly people. METHODS: A total of 2467 participants were recruited in 2013 from a population of 17,066 rural residents aged 20 or older...
October 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026759/quality-of-life-among-elderly-population-residing-in-urban-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-ahmedabad-city-gujarat
#15
Venu R Shah, Donald S Christian, Arpit C Prajapati, Mansi M Patel, K N Sonaliya
INTRODUCTION: Overall improvement in the living standards of country's population is leading to longer life expectancy. To emphasize the medical and psychological difficulties faced by geriatric people is essential to know status of their quality of life (QOL). METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out at urban field practice area of one of the teaching institutes of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Considering the prevalence of about 7.5% of 60 years and above people sample size of 250 was calculated...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025824/development-of-an-evidence-based-complex-intervention-for-community-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-using-realist-review-survey-and-focus-groups
#16
Jessica Louise Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Michelle Williams, Claire A Hawkes, Joanna M Charles, Zoe Hoare, Val Morrison, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Catherine Sackley, Phillipa Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn H Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture. DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams. SETTING: North Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#17
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022074/probable-psychiatric-disorder-in-a-rural-community-of-west-bengal-india
#18
Anamitra Barik, Sujit Sarkhel, Saugata Basu, Abhijit Chowdhury, Rajesh Kumar Rai
PURPOSE: India faces multiple challenges to mitigate a high burden of psychiatric disorders. The risk of developing psychiatric disorder among the rural Indian population is poorly investigated. This study aims to understand the factors associated with probable psychiatric disorder (PPD) among a select rural Indian population. METHODS: Data from the Birbhum population project of the society for health and demographic surveillance, West Bengal, India, were utilized...
October 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021013/a-short-measure-of-social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-the-social-reactions-questionnaire-shortened
#19
Sarah E Ullman, Mark Relyea, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir, Sidney Bennett
Social reactions to disclosures of sexual assault have significant effects on women's postassault recovery. However, being the most widely used measure of these reactions, the 48-item Social Reactions Questionnaire (SRQ; Ullman, 2000) is too long for some research and evaluation efforts. Thus, we developed a 16-item short version, the Social Reactions Questionnaire-Shortened (SRQ-S). Three preexisting college and community samples of women survivors (N = 1,012; 1,084; and 344) were used to determine which SRQ items were most related to psychological symptoms and could form reliable subscales...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020861/psilocybin-occasioned-mystical-type-experience-in-combination-with-meditation-and-other-spiritual-practices-produces-enduring-positive-changes-in-psychological-functioning-and-in-trait-measures-of-prosocial-attitudes-and-behaviors
#20
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Robert Jesse, Katherine A MacLean, Frederick S Barrett, Mary P Cosimano, Maggie A Klinedinst
Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences with participant-attributed increases in well-being. However, little research has examined enduring changes in traits. This study administered psilocybin to participants who undertook a program of meditation/spiritual practices. Healthy participants were randomized to three groups (25 each): (1) very low-dose (1 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2) with moderate-level ("standard") support for spiritual-practice (LD-SS); (2) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with standard support (HD-SS); and (3) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with high support for spiritual practice (HD-HS)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
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