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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677619/associations-of-early-childhood-adversities-with-mental-disorders-psychological-functioning-and-suitability-for-psychotherapy-in-adulthood
#1
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
Childhood adversities frequently precede adulthood depression and anxiety. Yet, how they impact needed treatment duration, type or focus in these common disorders, is unclear. For developing more individualized and precise interventions, we investigated whether specific early adversities associate with patients' distinct psychiatric problems, psychological vulnerabilities, and suitability for psychotherapy. A total of 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients (excluding psychotic, severe personality, bipolar, and substance abuse disorders) referred from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire (CFAQ)...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676393/corrigendum-to-association-of-stressful-life-events-with-psychological-problems-a-large-scale-community-based-study-using-grouped-outcomes-latent-factor-regression-with-latent-predictors
#2
Akbar Hassanzadeh, Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamidreza Roohafza, Hamid Afshar, Payman Adibi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/3457103.].
2018: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674248/frequency-of-participation-and-association-with-functioning-in-adolescents-born-extremely-preterm-findings-from-a-population-based-cohort-in-northern-germany
#3
K Sell, M Rapp, H Muehlan, J Spiegler, U Thyen
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after extremely preterm birth (<28 weeks gestation) have been studied intensely, and follow-up into adulthood is well-established. Following the introduction of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, participation has been recognized to be a relevant outcome in rehabilitation research. During adolescence, participation is crucial to adapting to new social roles. The aim of our study was to investigate participation in the domains Autonomy, Relationships and Community Recreation...
April 16, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672975/self-recognition-of-mental-health-problems-in-a-rural-australian-sample
#4
Tonelle E Handley, Terry J Lewin, David Perkins, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Although mental health literacy has increased in recent years, mental illness is often under-recognised. There has been little research conducted on mental illness in rural areas; however, this can be most prominent in rural areas due to factors such as greater stigma and stoicism. The aim of this study is to create a profile of those who are most and least likely to self-identify mental health problems among rural residents with moderate- to-high psychological distress. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal postal survey...
April 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672475/suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-students-in-grades-8-10-and-12-utah-2015
#5
Marissa L Zwald, Francis B Annor, Amanda Wilkinson, Mike Friedrichs, Anna Fondario, Angela C Dunn, Allyn Nakashima, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Ivey-Stephenson
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youths are important public health concerns in Utah, where the suicide rate among youths consistently exceeds the national rate and has been increasing for nearly a decade (1). In March 2017, CDC was invited to assist the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) with an investigation to characterize the epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal suicidal behaviors and identify risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors, among youths aged 10-17 years. This report presents findings related to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among Utah youths...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672097/cognitive-and-affective-mechanisms-of-pain-and-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Anne Arewasikporn, Aaron P Turner, Kevin N Alschuler, Abbey J Hughes, Dawn M Ehde
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which pain catastrophizing, fatigue catastrophizing, positive affect, and negative affect simultaneously mediated the associations between common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS; i.e., pain, fatigue) and impact on daily life, depressive symptoms, and resilience. METHOD: Participants were community-dwelling adults with MS (N = 163) reporting chronic pain, fatigue, and/or moderate depressive symptoms. Multiple mediation path analysis was used to model potential mediators of pain and fatigue separately, using baseline data from a randomized controlled trial comparing two symptom self-management interventions...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672095/concurrent-validity-of-the-personality-assessment-screener-in-a-large-sample-of-offenders
#7
Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, Kevin S Douglas
Mental health problems are disproportionately prevalent in forensic and correctional settings, and there have been numerous attempts to develop screening tools to evaluate individuals in such contexts. This study investigates the clinical utility of the Personality Assessment Screener (PAS; Morey, 1997), a brief self-report measure of risk for emotional and behavioral dysfunction, in a large mixed-gender offender sample (N = 1,658). The PAS is a 22-item measure derived from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991, 2007), a more comprehensive self-report instrument widely used to assess for psychological disturbances among forensic and correctional populations...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672073/positive-clinical-psychology-and-schema-therapy-st-the-development-of-the-young-positive-schema-questionnaire-ypsq-to-complement-the-young-schema-questionnaire-3-short-form-ysq-s3
#8
John P Louis, Alex M Wood, George Lockwood, Moon-Ho Ringo Ho, Eamonn Ferguson
Negative schemas have been widely recognized as being linked to psychopathology and mental health, and they are central to the Schema Therapy (ST) model. This study is the first to report on the psychometric properties of the Young Positive Schema Questionnaire (YPSQ). In a combined community sample (Manila, Philippines, n = 559; Bangalore, India, n = 350; Singapore, n = 628), we identified a 56-item, 14-factor solution for the YPSQ. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis supported the 14-factor model using data from two other independent samples: an Eastern sample from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (n = 229) and a Western sample from the United States (n = 214)...
April 19, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671335/a-decision-support-tool-to-inform-local-suicide-prevention-activity-in-greater-western-sydney-australia
#9
Andrew Page, Jo-An Atkinson, William Campos, Mark Heffernan, Shahana Ferdousi, Adrian Power, Geoff McDonnell, Nereus Maranan, Ian Hickie
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the development of a decision support tool to identify the combination of suicide prevention activities and service priorities likely to deliver the greatest reductions in suicidal behaviour in Western Sydney (Australia) over the period 2018-2028. METHODS: A dynamic simulation model for the WentWest - Western Sydney Primary Health Network population-catchment was developed in partnership with primary health network stakeholders based on defined pathways to mental health care and suicidal behaviour, and which represented the current incidence of suicide and attempted suicide in Western Sydney...
April 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669704/incorporating-a-static-versus-supportive-mobile-phone-app-into-a-partial-meal-replacement-program-with-face-to-face-support-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Emily Brindal, Gilly A Hendrie, Jill Freyne, Manny Noakes
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone apps may be acceptable to users and could improve retention and adherence over more traditional methods, but there is mixed literature supporting their efficacy. In the weight management space, very little is known about how a mobile phone app integrating features beyond text messaging (short message service) can affect behavior, particularly when combined with face-to-face support. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a mobile phone app when combined with a partial meal replacement program including face-to-face support...
April 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669476/understanding-different-positions-on-female-genital-cutting-among-maasai-and-samburu-communities-in-kenya-a-cultural-psychological-perspective
#11
Ernst Graamans, Peter Ofware, Peter Nguura, Eefje Smet, Wouter Ten Have
This paper presents an analysis of different positions on female genital cutting, either legitimising the practice or challenging it. The framework it offers has been developed from cultural psychological theory and qualitative data collected in Maasai communities around Loitokitok and Magadi, Kajiado County, and Samburu communities around Wamba, Samburu County, in Kenya. Over the course of one month, 94 respondents were interviewed using maximum variation sampling. Triangulation took place by means of participant observation of significant events, such as alternative rites, participation in daily activities and informal talks while staying at traditional homesteads and kraals...
April 19, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668403/systematic-review-of-the-physical-home-environment-and-the-relationship-to-psychological-well-being-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#12
Shannon M Trecartin, Sherry M Cummings
Older adults with functional impairments are at risk of being excluded from participation in day-to-day life. This exclusion can have detrimental effects on psychological well-being. The physical home environment is a potential force for both enhancing and limiting participation for this population. This systematic review of literature examined relationships between the physical home environment, functional impairment, and psychological well-being among older adults who live in community settings. The Ecological Model of Aging served as the guiding framework for this review...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667539/self-criticism-neediness-and-distress-in-the-prediction-of-suicide-ideation-results-from-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-studies
#13
Rui C Campos, Ronald R Holden, Cristina Baleizão, Berta Caçador, Ana Sofia Fragata
The aim of the present study was to test whether the maladaptive personality traits of self-criticism and neediness predict suicide ideation when controlling for general distress. Further, potential interactive effects on suicide ideation of the two traits and distress were also evaluated. Two studies with nonclinical samples were conducted. The first investigation was cross-sectional and involved a final sample of 202 community adults while the second study was longitudinal with a final sample of 207 college students...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666132/competencies-necessary-for-becoming-a-leader-in-the-field-of-community-medicine-a-japanese-qualitative-interview-study
#14
Mosaburo Kainuma, Makoto Kikukawa, Masaharu Nagata, Motofumi Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: To clarify competencies for inclusion in our curriculum that focuses on developing leaders in community medicine. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: All six regions of Japan, including urban and rural areas. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen doctors (male: 18, female: 1) who play an important leadership role in their communities participated in semistructured interviews (mean age 48.3 years, range 34-59; mean years of clinical experience 23...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665567/psychological-health-challenges-of-the-hill-tracts-region-for-climate-change-in-bangladesh
#15
Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the deleterious effects of climate change on psychological health of the Hill-Tracts and government to deal with these adverse psychological health impacts. Although knowledge is still limited about the connections between climate change and psychological health, the evidence is indicating that impacts can be felt at both the individual and community levels, with psychological health outcomes ranging from psychological distress, depression, and anxiety, to increased addictions and suicide rates...
April 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664202/training-psychologists-for-rural-practice-exploring-opportunities-and-constraints
#16
Marisa Elena Domino, Ching-Ching Claire Lin, Joseph P Morrissey, Alan R Ellis, Erin Fraher, Erica L Richman, Kathleen C Thomas, Mitchell J Prinstein
PURPOSE: To examine trends in the psychologist workforce and training opportunities, including factors that may influence the decision of clinical psychologists to practice in rural settings. METHODS: We use a mixed-methods approach to examine the psychologist workforce nationally and in North Carolina (NC), including (1) an analysis of the location of programs awarding doctoral degrees; (2) an analysis of the practice, demographic, and educational characteristics of the psychologist workforce; and (3) interviews with directors of doctoral programs in clinical psychology to understand where current graduates are getting jobs and why they may or may not be choosing to practice in rural communities...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659314/level-of-physical-activity-in-men-and-women-with-chronic-stroke
#17
Birgit Vahlberg, Annika Bring, Karin Hellström, Lena Zetterberg
INTRODUCTION: Community-dwelling stroke survivors generally show low levels of physical activity (PA). An improved understanding of the factors influencing participation in PA after stroke is imperative to improve levels of PA. Furthermore, gender differences in PA have received little attention in stroke research. The objective of this study was to examine gender differences in PA, physical functioning and psychological factors and the association between these factors and PA in men and women 1-3-year post-stroke...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658764/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-family-mediation-with-and-without-motivational-interviewing
#18
Megan Morris, W Kim Halford, Jemima Petch
Family mediation is a widely used approach to assist separated parents to resolve conflicts about parenting arrangements for their children, yet frequently parents undertaking mediation do not reach a mutually agreeable resolution. In Australia, where the current study was conducted, separated parents must attempt family mediation before they can seek to appear in the family court for custody issues. We compared mediation enhanced with motivational interviewing (MI) with mediation as usual (MAU) in a randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652521/social-media-use-and-well-being-in-people-with-physical-disabilities-influence-of-sns-and-online-community-uses-on-social-support-depression-and-psychological-disposition
#19
H Erin Lee, Jaehee Cho
This study examined the relationships across social media use, social support, depression, and general psychological disposition among people with movement or mobility disabilities in Korea. First, with survey data (n = 91) collected from users of social network sites (SNSs) and online communities, hypotheses regarding positive associations between intensity of an individual's engagement in social media and four different types of social support-emotional, instrumental, informational, and appraisal support-were tested as well as hypotheses regarding mediation effects of the social support variables in the association between social media use and depression...
April 13, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651920/systemic-factors-associated-with-prosocial-skills-and-maladaptive-functioning-in-youth-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Amanda J Hasselle, Kristina Decker, Lacy E Jamison
Children are frequently present in homes in which intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. Following exposure to IPV, children may develop behavioral health difficulties, struggle with regulating emotions, or exhibit aggression. Despite the negative outcomes associated with witnessing IPV, many children also display resilience. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, this study examined person-level, process-level (microsystem), and context-level (mesosystem) factors associated with positive and negative functioning among youth exposed to IPV...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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