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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222633/characterising-youth-with-callous-unemotional-traits-and-concurrent-anxiety-evidence-for-a-high-risk-clinical-group
#1
Charlotte A M Cecil, Eamon J McCrory, Edward D Barker, Jo Guiney, Essi Viding
Growing evidence supports the existence of two variants of youth with high callous-unemotional (CU) traits who present with markedly different risk profiles and outcomes, with potential implications for risk assessment and treatment formulation. So far, studies have identified variants of CU youth mainly using data-driven cluster approaches based on levels of CU traits and co-occurring anxiety. Yet, the extent to which this knowledge may be translated into clinical practice is unclear. To this end, the present study employed a severity-based, cut-off approach to systematically characterise CU groups across a range of clinically informative domains, including trauma history, psychiatric symptomatology, affective functioning, attachment style and behavioural risk...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222301/optimizing-the-care-model-for-an-uncomplicated-acute-pain-episode-in-sickle-cell-disease
#2
REVIEW
Paul Telfer, Banu Kaya
The pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and natural history of acute pain in sickle cell disease are unique and require a disease-centered approach that also applies general principles of acute and chronic pain management. The majority of acute pain episodes are managed at home without the need to access health care. The long-term consequences of poorly treated acute pain include chronic pain, adverse effects of chronic opioid usage, psychological maladjustment, poor quality of life, and excessive health care utilization...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221763/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-epilepsy-and-neurocysticercosis-in-zambia
#3
Anne L Nau, Kabemba E Mwape, Jasmin Wiefek, Kathie Schmidt, Emmanuel Abatih, Pierre Dorny, Nicolas Praet, Clarance Chiluba, Holger Schmidt, Isaac K Phiri, Andrea S Winkler, Sarah Gabriël, Joachim Blocher
Cognitive impairment and quality of life (Qol) are important to assess the burden of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC), which are common but neglected in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aims of this study were to assess cognitive performance and Qol of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Zambia and to explore differences in PWE with and without NCC. In this community based, cross-sectional case-control-study, 47 PWE and 50 healthy controls completed five neuropsychological tests (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test (SRT), Spatial Recall Test (SPART), Test Battery of Attentional Performance (TAP)) and a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of Qol...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221482/rejection-acceptance-and-the-spectrum-between-understanding-male-attitudes-and-experiences-towards-conflict-related-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#4
Jocelyn Kelly, Katherine Albutt, Justin Kabanga, Kimberley Anderson, Michael VanRooyen
BACKGROUND: Female survivors of sexual violence in conflict experience not only physical and psychological sequelae from the event itself, but often many negative social outcomes, such as rejection and ostracisation from their families and community. Male relatives - whether husbands, fathers, brothers - play a key role in determining how the family and community respond to a survivor of sexual violence. Understanding these perspectives could help improve services for survivors of sexual violence, as well as their families and communities...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220480/-working-away-in-that-grey-area%C3%A2-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-challenges-general-practitioners-experience-when-managing-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia
#5
Aisling A Jennings, Tony Foley, Sheena McHugh, John P Browne, Colin P Bradley
Background: general practitioners (GPs) have identified the management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) as a particularly challenging aspect of dementia care. However, there is a paucity of research on why GPs find BPSD challenging and how this influences the care they offer to their patients with dementia. Objectives: to establish the challenges GPs experience when managing BPSD; to explore how these challenges influence GPs' management decisions; and to identify strategies for overcoming these challenges...
December 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219173/parenting-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-mothers-with-visually-impaired-infants-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-cohort-analysis
#6
Elena Sakkalou, Hanna Sakki, Michelle A O'reilly, Alison T Salt, Naomi J Dale
AIM: This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal patterns of parenting stress, adult anxiety, and depression in mothers of children with profound or severe visual impairment (PVI or SVI) at 1 year and 2 years of age. METHOD: Mothers of a national longitudinal cohort (OPTIMUM Project) of infants with congenital disorders of the peripheral visual system and PVI (light perception at best) or SVI (basic 'form' vision of non-light reflecting objects) participated...
December 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218723/how-do-our-values-inform-ethical-research-a-narrative-of-recognizing-colonizing-practices
#7
Peta Dzidic, Brian Bishop
How do you reconcile tensions between ethical research practice, personal values, and disciplinary values? This article focuses on an ethical challenge involving the engagement of rural Indigenous community members that emerged during my PhD fieldwork. The narrative illustrates the necessity to engage in critical reflexive research practice, a process which saw me respond to my own feelings of "wrong" and "right," contemplate a distinction between procedural ethics and virtue ethics in community-based research, explore colonizing research practices, and endeavor to reconcile an instance where the values of community psychology appeared in contest...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217847/black-lives-matter-a-call-to-action-for-counseling-psychology-leaders
#8
Candice Crowell, Della Mosley, Jameca Falconer, Reuben Faloughi, Anneliese Singh, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Kevin Cokley
Police brutality and widespread systemic racism represent historical and current sources of trauma in Black communities. Both the Black Lives Matter movement and counseling psychology propose to confront these realities at multiple levels. Black Lives Matter seeks to increase awareness about systemic racism and promote resilience among Black people. Counseling psychology states values of multiculturalism, social justice, and advocacy. Executive leadership in counseling psychology may seek to promote racial justice, yet struggle with how to participate in Black Lives Matter movements and address racial discrimination within larger systems spontaneously and consistently...
August 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#9
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212490/attitudes-towards-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-among-care-dependent-older-adults-50-in-austria-the-role-of-socio-demographics-religiosity-physical-illness-psychological-distress-and-social-isolation
#10
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Peter Gasser-Steiner, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: Care-dependency constitutes an important issue with regard to the approval of end-of-life decisions, yet attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia are understudied among care-dependent older adults. We assessed attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia and tested empirical correlates, including socio-demographics, religiosity, physical illness, psychological distress and social isolation. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey among older care allowance recipients (50+) in private households in Austria was conducted in 2016...
December 7, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211631/how-to-measure-population-health-an-exploration-toward-an-integration-of-valid-and-reliable-instruments
#11
Roy J P Hendrikx, Marieke D Spreeuwenberg, Hanneke W Drewes, Dirk Ruwaard, Caroline A Baan
Population health management initiatives are introduced to transform health and community services by implementing interventions that combine various services and address the continuum of health and well-being of populations. Insight is required into a population's health to evaluate implementation of these initiatives. This study aims to determine the performance of commonly used instruments for measuring a population's experienced health and explores the assessed concepts of population health. Survey-based Short Form 12, version 2 (SF12, health status), Patient Activation Measure 13 (PAM13), and Kessler 10 (K10, psychological distress) data of 3120 respondents was used...
December 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210981/health-co-benefits-of-green-building-design-strategies-and-community-resilience-to-urban-flooding-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Adele Houghton, Carlos Castillo-Salgado
Climate change is increasingly exacerbating existing population health hazards, as well as resulting in new negative health effects. Flooding is one particularly deadly example of its amplifying and expanding effect on public health. This systematic review considered evidence linking green building strategies in the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design® (LEED) Rating System with the potential to reduce negative health outcomes following exposure to urban flooding events. Queries evaluated links between LEED credit requirements and risk of exposure to urban flooding, environmental determinants of health, co-benefits to public health outcomes, and co-benefits to built environment outcomes...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210136/identifying-acceptable-components-for-home-based-health-promotion-services-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-a-qualitative-study
#13
Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Ana Jovicic, Ann E M Liljas, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Benjamin Gardner, Christina Avgerinou, Claire Goodman, Vari M Drennan, Kate Walters
Mild frailty is common in later life, increasing the risk of hospitalisation, loss of independence and premature death. Targeted health promotion services may reduce adverse outcomes and increase quality of life; however, effective, well-developed theory-based interventions are lacking. We aimed to explore perceptions of health promotion behaviours undertaken by older people with mild frailty, barriers and facilitators to engagement, and identify potential components for new home-based health promotion services...
December 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209423/the-physiological-effects-of-slow-breathing-in-the-healthy-human
#14
Marc A Russo, Danielle M Santarelli, Dean O'Rourke
Slow breathing practices have been adopted in the modern world across the globe due to their claimed health benefits. This has piqued the interest of researchers and clinicians who have initiated investigations into the physiological (and psychological) effects of slow breathing techniques and attempted to uncover the underlying mechanisms. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of normal respiratory physiology and the documented physiological effects of slow breathing techniques according to research in healthy humans...
December 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209398/risk-factors-associated-with-the-fear-of-falling-in-community-living-elderly-people-in-korea-role-of-psychological-factors
#15
Jong-Il Park, Jong-Chul Yang, Sangkeun Chung
Little is known about the risk factors for the fear of falling in elderly Korean individuals. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the risk factors for fear of falling in a representative elderly population of over 10,000 individuals aged 65 years and older. A multivariate multinomial analysis revealed that the risk factors associated with a severe fear of falling were being female [odds ratio (OR)=4.396], older age (OR=5.550 for those aged ≥85 years), lower level of education (OR=0.719 for those with ≥13 years of schooling), chronic illness (OR=2...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209397/individuals-with-restless-legs-syndrome-tend-to-have-severe-depressive-symptoms-findings-from-a-community-based-cohort-study
#16
Chul-Hyun Cho, Leen Kim, Heon-Jeong Lee
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor neurological disturbance causing physical and psychological distress. Here, we investigated the severity and effect of depressive symptoms in RLS among a Korean cohort population. Depressive symptoms were more prevalent in the RLS group than in the non-RLS group [≥mild depression: odds ratio (OR)=1.95, p<0.001; ≥ moderate depression: OR=6.15, p<0.001; and ≥severe depression: OR=56.54, p<0.001], with a predominant proportion of severe depression (97%) in the RLS group...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206265/students-perceptions-of-the-psychological-well-being-of-a-transgender-client-through-simulation
#17
Cherrill Stockmann, Desiree A Diaz
BACKGROUND: The need to address mental health concerns for transgender clients is imperative. Nursing curricula must prepare students to provide holistic care for individuals within this community. The purpose of this study was to explore undergraduate nursing students' experiences providing mental health care for a transgender client through simulation. METHOD: Focus group interviews were conducted with data analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The three categories that emerged were limited experience addressing mental health needs, intervening with client anxiety with the subcategories of prioritizing care and collaboration, and therapeutic nurse-client relationship with the subcategory of therapeutic communication...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206195/psychological-distress-and-zika-dengue-and-chikungunya-symptoms-following-the-2016-earthquake-in-bah%C3%A3-a-de-car%C3%A3-quez-ecuador
#18
Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Anita Hargrave, Avriel Diaz, Aileen Kenneson, David Madden, Moory M Romero, Juan Pablo Molina, David Macias Saltos
On 16 April 2016, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck coastal Ecuador, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity, damages to infrastructure, and psychological trauma. This event coincided with the first outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) and co-circulation with dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV). We tested whether the degree of psychological distress was associated with the presence of suspected DENV, CHIKV, ZIKV (DCZ) infections three months after the earthquake. In July 2016, 601 household members from four communities in Bahía de Caráquez, Manabí Province, Ecuador, were surveyed in a post-disaster health evaluation...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205325/couple-based-intervention-for-depression-an-effectiveness-study-in-the-national-health-service-in-england
#19
Donald H Baucom, Melanie S Fischer, Michael Worrell, Sarah Corrie, Jennifer M Belus, Efthymia Molyva, Sara E Boeding
This study represents an effectiveness study and service evaluation of a cognitive behavioral, couple-based treatment for depression (BCT-D) provided in London services that are part of the "Improving Access to Psychological Therapies" (IAPT) program in England. Twenty-three therapists in community clinics were trained in BCT-D during a 5-day workshop, followed by monthly group supervision for 1 year. The BCT-D treatment outcome findings are based on 63 couples in which at least one partner was depressed and elected to receive BCT-D...
December 4, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202863/a-novel-family-dignity-intervention-fdi-for-enhancing-and-informing-holistic-palliative-care-in-asia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Andy Hau Yan Ho, Josip Car, Moon-Ho Ringo Ho, Geraldine Tan-Ho, Ping Ying Choo, Paul Victor Patinadan, Poh Heng Chong, Wah Ying Ong, Gilbert Fan, Yee Pin Tan, Robert A Neimeyer, Harvey M Chochinov
BACKGROUND: The lack of a holistic approach to palliative care can lead to a fractured sense of dignity at the end of life, resulting in depression, hopelessness, feelings of being a burden to others, and the loss of the will to live among terminally ill patients. Building on the clinical foundation of Dignity Therapy, together with the empirical understanding of dignity-related concerns of Asian families facing terminal illness, a novel Family Dignity Intervention (FDI) has been developed for Asian palliative care...
December 4, 2017: Trials
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