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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#1
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648090/effectiveness-of-a-10-week-group-program-based-on-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-skills-among-patients-with-personality-and-mood-disorders-findings-from-a-pilot-study
#2
Agatha M Conrad, Anoop Sankaranarayanan, Terry J Lewin, Anna Dunbar
OBJECTIVES: Community mental health services are often required to manage people experiencing repeated crises. Personality disorders are not uncommon, accounting for up to one-third of such presentations. These patients are often difficult to treat, leading to a revolving-door phenomenon. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a pilot intervention in reducing psychological symptoms and distress, and examined the impact of the intervention on mental health service utilization. METHODS: A pre- versus post-treatment evaluation was conducted of the effectiveness of a 10-week group psychological intervention based on Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills, conducted in a regional Australian community mental health service with patients diagnosed with either Cluster B personality disorder or a mood disorder...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647903/farmers-attitude-toward-treated-sludge-use-in-the-villages-of-west-bank-palestine
#3
Md M Rashid, Mary G Kattou'a, Issam A Al-Khatib, Chikashi Sato
An application of treated sewage sludge on agricultural land has been widely accepted, as this method is simple and economical for disposal of wastewater residues. When applied properly on an agricultural land, sludge can replenish organic matter and nutrients in soil. Although sewage sludge has been used in agriculture in many parts of the world, its acceptability varies with different cultures and beliefs among farmers. Farmers' concerns on sludge use are primarily due to its anthropogenic origin, pollutants that it carries, a general perception of sewage being dirty, and its offensive odor...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646481/effects-of-geography-on-mental-health-disparities-on-sexual-minorities-in-new-york-city
#4
Jacob Felson, Amy Adamczyk
Gay and lesbian individuals have higher rates of psychological distress than do heterosexual individuals. The minority stress hypothesis attributes this disparity to adversity-related stress experienced by sexual minorities. In support of this idea, research in the U.S. has generally found that mental health disparities between sexual minorities and others are narrower in places where tolerance is relatively high. However, few studies have examined disparities between sexual minorities and others in neighborhoods where sexual minorities are most highly concentrated...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645060/young-people-who-use-drugs-engaged-in-harm-reduction-programs-in-new-york-city-overdose-and-other-risks
#5
Michele Calvo, Jessica MacFarlane, Heather Zaccaro, Matthew Curtis, María Cabán, Jamie Favaro, Marian R Passannante, Taeko Frost
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the engagement of young people who use drugs (PWUD) in harm reduction programs (HRPs), and few studies have included non-opioid users and non-injectors. While HRPs have effectively engaged PWUD, young people are under-represented in their services. METHODS: The Injection Drug Users Health Alliance Citywide Study (IDUCS) is the largest community-based study of PWUD in HRPs in the US. From 2014-2015, 2421 HRP participants across New York City (NYC) completed a cross-sectional survey...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644778/impact-of-economic-hardship-and-financial-threat-on-suicide-ideation-and-confusion
#6
Lisa Fiksenbaum, Zdravko Marjanovic, Esther Greenglass, Francisco Garcia-Santos
The present study tested the extent to which perceived economic hardship is associated with psychological distress (suicide ideation and confusion) after controlling for personal characteristics. It also explored whether perceived financial threat (i.e., fearful anxious-uncertainty about the stability and security of one's personal financial situation) mediates the relationship between economic hardship and psychological distress outcomes. The theoretical model was tested in a sample of Canadian students (n = 211) and was validated in a community sample of employed Portuguese adults (n = 161)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643845/on-the-advancement-of-therapeutic-penality-therapeutic-authority-personality-science-and-the-therapeutic-community
#7
Ruari-Santiago McBride
In this article I examine the advancement of therapeutic penality in the UK, a penal philosophy that reimagines prison policy, practices and environments utilising psychological knowledge. Adopting a historical approach, I show how modern therapeutic penality is linked to the emergence of personality science in the nineteenth century and the development of the democratic therapeutic community (DTC) model in the twentieth century. I outline how at the turn of the twenty-first century a catalytic event generated a moral panic that led the British government to mobilise psychological knowledge and technologies in an attempt to manage dangerous people with severe personality disorder...
June 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643444/how-media-exposure-relates-to-laypersons-understanding-of-psychopathy
#8
Michael E Keesler, David DeMatteo
While conceptualization of psychopathy has evolved, so too has the public's relationship with psychology changed. Concurrently, portrayal of psychopaths has made several shifts, both through nonfiction sources and in popular film and television. Psychopathic villains of the mid-20th century have made space for a growing cast of protagonist psychopaths. This study examined whether a relationship existed between exposure to fictional psychopaths and how lay individuals conceptualize psychopathy. Specifically, this study explored conceptualization differences based on exposure to antagonist versus protagonist fictional psychopaths...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640014/potential-impact-of-risk-and-loss-aversion-on-the-process-of-accepting-kidneys-for-transplantation
#9
Raymond L Heilman, Ellen P Green, Kunam S Reddy, Adyr Moss, Bruce Kaplan
Behavioral economic theory suggests that people make decisions based on maximizing perceived value; however, this may be influenced more by the risk of loss rather than of potential gain. Additionally, individuals may seek certainty over uncertainty. These are termed loss aversion and risk aversion, respectively. Loss aversion is particularly sensitive to how the decision is "framed." Thus, labeling a kidney as high Kidney Donor Profile Index results in higher discard rates because this creates a nonlinearity in perceived risk...
July 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639821/perceived-discrimination-associations-with-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#10
Aparna Shankar, Petra Hinds
OBJECTIVES: Perceived discrimination has been associated with poor physical and psychological health. There is limited research examining perceived discrimination in older adults, and its effects on health in later life. The aim of this study is to extend research in this area by examining longitudinal associations between reported everyday discrimination and physical and cognitive function in older adults. METHOD: The present study uses a national sample of 4,886 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years and older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
June 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639712/the-effect-of-childcare-activities-on-cognitive-status-and-depression-in-older-adults-gender-differences-in-a-4-4-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Caterina Trevisan, Maria Valentina Pamio, Chiara Curreri, Stefania Maggi, Giovannella Baggio, Sabina Zambon, Leonardo Sartori, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: Although involvement in childcare activities seems to promote better physical and mental health in older adults, its impact on cognitive status and depression has not yet been fully elucidated. We aimed to analyze the association between engagement in childcare activities and cognitive and psychological status over a 4.4-year period in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Two thousand one hundred four subjects older than 65 years without severe cognitive impairment at baseline were categorized according to the frequency of their involvement in childcare activities (everyday, occasionally, never)...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639469/barriers-and-facilitators-of-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-rural-eastern-province-zambia-the-role-of-household-economic-status
#12
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
In Zambia, more people living with HIV now have access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapy than ever before. However, progress in HIV treatment and care has not always resulted in lower mortality. Adherence remains a critical barrier to treatment success. The objective of this study was to examine the barriers and facilitators of antiretroviral therapy adherence, particularly the role of household economic status. The study included a cross-sectional sample of 101 people living with HIV (PLHIV) in two rural communities in eastern Zambia...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636409/subjective-well-being-of-visually-impaired-older-adults-living-in-the-community
#13
Liran Rafaely, Sara Carmel, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: Vision impairment is one of the most common disabilities among older adults, and it has a substantial impact on well-being. The present study constructs an integrative model to identify which variables derived from four dimensions of life (physical/functional, social, psychological and environmental) combined with sociodemographic variables explain the overall subjective well-being (SWB) visually impaired older adults living in the community. METHOD: A total of 121 severe visually impaired persons, aged 60 and over (M = 77...
June 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#14
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630231/understanding-medication-nonadherence-after-kidney-transplant
#15
Thomas E Nevins, Peter W Nickerson, Mary Amanda Dew
Alloimmunity remains a barrier to long-term graft survival that necessitates lifelong immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplant. Medication nonadherence has been increasingly recognized as a major impediment to achieving effective immunosuppression. Electronic medication monitoring further reveals that nonadherence manifests early after transplant, although the effect is delayed. The etiology of nonadherence is multifactorial, with the strongest risk factors including past nonadherence and being an adolescent or young adult...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625577/risk-factors-for-chronic-cough-among-14-669-individuals-from-the-general-population
#16
Yunus Çolak, Børge G Nordestgaard, Lars C Laursen, Shoaib Afzal, Peter Lange, Morten Dahl
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for chronic cough in the general population have not been described systematically. We identified and ranked chronic cough risk factors at the individual and community level using data from 14669 individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study. METHODS: Severity of chronic cough was assessed using the Leicester Cough Questionnaire(LCQ). We ranked chronic cough risk factors based on magnitude of age-adjusted odds ratios(ORs) at the individual level and of the population attributable risks(PARs) at the community level...
June 15, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625107/associations-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-25-oh-d-and-psychological-distress-among-inuit-in-canada
#17
Hans-Ragnar Skogli, Dominique Geoffroy, Hope A Weiler, Grethe S Tell, Laurence J Kirmayer, Grace M Egeland
BACKGROUND: Inuit in Canada have experienced dietary changes over recent generations, but how this relates to psychological distress has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how nutritional biomarkers are related to psychological distress. DESIGN: A total of 36 communities in northern Canada participated in the International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey (2007-2008). Of 2796 households, 1901 (68%) participated; 1699 Inuit adults gave blood samples for biomarker analysis and answered the Kessler 6-item psychological distress questionnaire (K6)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#18
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623752/process-evaluation-of-a-multi-component-self-management-intervention-for-adults-with-epilepsy-zmile-study
#19
Loes A M Leenen, Ben F M Wijnen, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Reina J A de Kinderen, Silvia M A A Evers, Marian H J M Majoie, Caroline M van Heugten
BACKGROUND: People with epilepsy need to monitor and manage their symptoms. They, as well as their relatives, have to deal with the psychological burden, reflected in a reduced quality of life. Support in self-management can be of importance. We have developed a multi-component self-management intervention for patients and their relatives (MCI). This eight-week group intervention is conducted by nurse practitioners and consists of six two-hour sessions. The main components are: 1) providing self-management education, 2) stimulating proactive coping and goal-setting and 3) facilitating peer and social support...
June 14, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620775/normalization-as-a-strategy-for-maintaining-quality-of-life-while-coping-with-infertility-in-a-pronatalist-culture
#20
Yael Benyamini, Miri Gozlan, Ariel Weissman
PURPOSE: Infertility could be highly stressful, particularly in a pronatalist culture. We aimed to develop the concept and a measure of normalization (maintaining normal life routines and feeling "normal") as a strategy that could enable women with infertility maintain their quality of life (QoL) while coping with this condition. We tested its associations with women's well-being, distress and QoL in Israel, where being childless is socially unacceptable and highly stigmatized. METHODS: One-hundred and eighty Israeli women undergoing infertility treatment at a fertility community clinic filled in questionnaires assessing normalization-related coping strategies, QoL, and psychological adjustment (distress, wellbeing)...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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