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Lumbar pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527079/endolymphatic-hydrops-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-prevalence-and-clinical-outcome-after-lumbar-puncture-preliminary-data
#1
Angelo Ranieri, Michele Cavaliere, Stefania Sicignano, Pietro Falco, Federico Cautiero, Roberto De Simone
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is characterized by raised intracranial pressure (ICP) without any underlying pathology, presenting with (IIH) or without papilledema (IIHWOP). Headache, often on daily basis, is the most frequent symptom. Among audiovestibular symptoms, tinnitus and dizziness are commonly reported, while vertigo and hearing impairment are infrequent reports. Endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) is the typical histopathologic feature of Ménière disease, a condition featured by episodes of vertigo, dizziness, fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural fullness...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526575/percutaneous-electrical-nerve-field-stimulation-modulates-central-pain-pathways-and-attenuates-post-inflammatory-visceral-and-somatic-hyperalgesia-in-rats
#2
Reji Babygirija, Manu Sood, Pradeep Kannampalli, Jyoti N Sengupta, Adrian Miranda
A non-invasive, auricular percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation (PENFS) has been suggested to modulate central pain pathways. We investigated the effects of BRIDGE® device on the responses of amygdala and lumbar spinal neurons and the development of post-colitis hyperalgesia. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received intracolonic trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) and PENFS on the same day. Control rats had sham devices. The visceromotor response (VMR) to colon distension and paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) was recorded after 7 days...
May 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525407/validation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-zurich-claudication-questionnaire-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#3
Ho-Joong Kim, Young-Kyun Lee, Dong Ook Kim, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
STUDY DESIGN: Linguistic and psychometric validation of a translated questionnaire OBJECTIVE.: To validate the Korean version of Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) both linguistically and psychometrically. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ZCQ is considered as a disease specific and gold standard measure for evaluation of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). However, there has been no validated Korean version of the ZCQ. METHODS: The ZCQ was translated forward and backward, culturally adapted by 2 independent translators, and approved by an expert committee...
May 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524751/pseudogout-of-the-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-mimicking-infection-after-lumbar-fusion-case-report
#4
Kelly J Bridges, Carli L Bullis, Ajay Wanchu, Khoi D Than
Pseudogout is a form of acute calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) disease that typically afflicts the elderly. CPPD commonly involves larger joints, such as the knees, wrists, shoulders, and hips, and has been known to involve the spine. The authors report the case of a 66-year-old woman with a recent history of lumbar laminectomy and fusion who presented 5 weeks postprocedure with a clinical and radiographic picture consistent with multilevel skip lesions involving the cervical and thoracic spine, thoracic discitis, and epidural abscess...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524126/-impact-of-sagittal-balance-parameters-on-life-quality-in-elderly-and-senile-patients-after-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spine-stenosis
#5
V S Klimov, I I Vasilenko, A V Evsyukov, E V Amelina
INTRODUCTION: As the life span and proportion of people over 65 years increase, the incidence of degenerative lumbar spine stenosis grows proportionally. Various parameters of the spinopelvic relationships are used to predict surgical treatment outcomes in patients with degenerative spine diseases. There are no unified protocols for evaluation, in terms of the sagittal balance, of surgical treatment outcomes in elderly patients. PURPOSE: To study the impact of sagittal balance parameters on the life quality of elderly and senile patients after surgery for degenerative stenosis of the lumbar spine...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523197/disseminated-mycobacterium-chimaera-presenting-as-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#6
Daphne M Moutsoglou, Frank Merritt, Ethan Cumbler
Mycobacterium chimaera, a member of the Mycobacterium avium complex, is a slow-growing, nontuberculous mycobacterium associated with outbreaks in cardiac-surgery patients supported on heart-lung machines. We report a case of an elderly woman on chronic prednisone who presented with a six-month history of worsening chronic back pain, recurrent low-grade fevers, and weight loss. Imaging identified multilevel vertebral osteomyelitis and lumbar soft-tissue abscess. Abscess culture identified M. chimaera.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522976/trunk-muscle-activity-during-drop-jump-performance-in-adolescent-athletes-with-back-pain
#7
Steffen Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Juliane Mueller, Michael Cassel, Frank Mayer
In the context of back pain, great emphasis has been placed on the importance of trunk stability, especially in situations requiring compensation of repetitive, intense loading induced during high-performance activities, e.g., jumping or landing. This study aims to evaluate trunk muscle activity during drop jump in adolescent athletes with back pain (BP) compared to athletes without back pain (NBP). Eleven adolescent athletes suffering back pain (BP: m/f: n = 4/7; 15.9 ± 1.3 y; 176 ± 11 cm; 68 ± 11 kg; 12...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522934/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-presenting-as-a-type-iv-renal-cyst
#8
Indraneel Banerjee, Vinay Tomar, Sher Singh Yadav, Nachiket Vyas, Shyam Talreja
A 20-year-old woman presented to our outpatient clinic with a 5-week history of recurrent right lumbar back pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan showed a Bosniak class IV renal cyst. She was treated with radical nephrectomy. Histopathology revealed xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis.
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514889/pain-perception-in-nicu-a-pilot-questionnaire
#9
C V Bellieni, M Tei, S Cornacchione, S Di Lucia, V Nardi, A Verrotti, G Buonocore
PURPOSE: Neonatal pain management has made a great step forward over the last several years. Despite the drafting of International guidelines, an under-treatment of neonatal pain is still reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical and paramedical personnel working in 5 Italian NICUs were asked to complete a questionnaire about pain management. The questionnaire was comprised of three sections: (i) brief explanation of the purpose; (ii) demographic information, including age, profession, religious beliefs, and hospital level; (iii) questionnaire about pain management and prevention...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514299/application-of-a-buprenorphine-transdermal-patch-for-the-perioperative-analgesia-in-patients-who-underwent-simple-lumbar-discectomy
#10
Jian Tang, Jin Fan, Yilun Yao, Weihua Cai, Guoyong Yin, Wei Zhou
This study aimed to investigate the perioperative analgesic effect of a buprenorphine transdermal patch in patients who underwent simple lumbar discectomy.In total, 96 patients were randomly divided into parecoxib intravenous injection (Group A), oral celecoxib (Group B), and buprenorphine transdermal patch groups (Group C). The pain status, degree of satisfaction, adverse effects, and condition in which the patient received tramadol hydrochloride for uncontrolled pain were recorded on the night before surgery, postoperative day 1, postoperative day 3, and postoperative day 5...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513525/rehabilitation-effect-of-exercise-with-soft-tissue-manipulation-in-patients-with-lumbar-muscle-strain
#11
H Li, H Zhang, S Liu, Y Wang, D Gai, Q Lu, H Gan, Y Shi, W Qi
OBJECTIVE: To study the rehabilitation effect of exercise with soft tissue manipulation therapy for patients with lumbar muscle strain. METHODS: Patients with lumbar muscle strain who met the inclusion criteria for study were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. Conventional therapy (i.e., triple therapy of needle, moxibustion, and cupping jar) was implemented for control group patients with lumbar muscle strain, whereas the combination therapy of exercise with manipulation was implemented for experimental group patients with lumbar muscle strain...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511464/a-study-to-assess-the-functional-outcome-of-decompression-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-of-low-grade-spondylolisthesis-of-lumbar-vertebra
#12
Deepak Hegde, Sameer Mehra, Santhosh Babu, Arjun Ballal
INTRODUCTION: Spondylolisthesis is defined as the forward displacement of one vertebra over the vertebra below. It is often accompanied by spinal canal stenosis and compression, which is the cause of all the symptoms. AIM: To assess and study the functional outcome after decompression and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) of isthmic spondylolisthesis of lower lumbar vertebra and to study the complications occurring with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics in Justice KS Hegde Charitable Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India from March 2015 to August 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511104/lumbar-extensor-muscle-force-control-is-associated-with-disability-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#13
Adrian Pranata, Luke Perraton, Doa El-Ansary, Ross Clark, Karine Fortin, Tim Dettmann, Adam Bryant
BACKGROUND: The ability to control lumbar extensor force output is necessary for daily activities. However, it is unknown whether this ability is impaired in chronic low back pain patients. Similarly, it is unknown whether lumbar extensor force control is related to the disability levels of chronic low back pain patients. METHODS: Thirty-three chronic low back pain and 20 healthy people performed lumbar extension force-matching task where they increased and decreased their force output to match a variable target force within 20%-50% maximal voluntary isometric contraction...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509432/feasibility-assessment-of-shear-wave-elastography-to-lumbar-back-muscles-a-radioanatomic-study
#14
Maud Creze, Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Olivier Gagey, Laurence Rocher, Marie-France Bellin, Marc Soubeyrand
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain is often associated with tensional changes in the paraspinal muscles detected by palpatory procedures. Shear wave elastography (SWE), recently introduced, allows the stiffness of muscles to be assessed non-invasively. The aim of our work was to study the feasibility of using SWE on the three main lumbar back muscles (multifidus, longissimus and iliocostalis) in vivo after analyzing their muscular architecture ex vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined the orientation of fibers in the multifidus, longissimus and iliocotalis muscles in seven fresh cadavers using gross anatomy and B-Mode ultrasound imaging...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508761/posterior-branches-of-lumbar-spinal-nerves-part-ii-lumbar-facet-syndrome-pathomechanism-symptomatology-and-diagnostic-work-up
#15
Katarzyna Kozera, Bogdan Ciszek, Paweł Szaro
Posterior branches of the lumbar spinal nerves are the anatomic substrate of pain in the lower back, sacrum and the gluteal area. Such pain may be associated with various pathologies which cause pain in the posterior branches of the lumbar spinal nerves due to entrapment, mechanical irritation or inflammatory reaction and/or degeneration. The posterior branches are of significant functional importance, which is related to the function of the structures they supply, including facet joints, which are the basic biomechanical units of the spine...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508556/impact-of-co-morbidities-on-resource-use-and-adherence-to-guidelines-among-commercially-insured-adults-with-new-visits-for-back-pain
#16
Sean D Rundell, Laura S Gold, Ryan N Hansen, Brian W Bresnahan
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess if co-morbidity is associated with higher use of back-related care and adherence to back pain guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using administrative claims data from 2007-2011. We included individuals ≥18 years with an index visit for back pain. Co-morbidities were measured 12 months prior to index. Co-morbidity burden was measured using Quan's Co-morbidity Index. Co-morbidities categories were measured using chronic condition indicators from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506227/associations-between-disc-space-narrowing-anterior-osteophytes-and-disability-in-chronic-mechanical-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Romain Shanil Perera, Poruwalage Harsha Dissanayake, Upul Senarath, Lalith Sirimevan Wijayaratne, Aranjan Lional Karunanayake, Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake
BACKGROUND: Radiographic features of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) are common findings in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain; however, its role in disability and intensity of pain is debatable. This study aims to investigate the associations of the x-ray features of LDD and lumbar spondylolisthesis with severity of disability and intensity of pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 439 patients with chronic mechanical low back pain who attended the rheumatology clinic, National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo, from May 2012 to May 2014...
May 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505956/regression-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-by-physiotherapy-does-non-surgical-spinal-decompression-therapy-make-difference-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Aynur Demirel, Mehmet Yorubulut, Nevin Ergun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study determining whether or not Non-invasive Spinal Decompression Therapy (NSDT) was effective in resorption of herniation, increasing disc height in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LHNP). METHODS: A total of twenty patients diagnosed as LHNP and suffering from pain at least 8 weeks were enrolled to the study. Patients were allocated in study (SG) and control groups (CG) randomly. Both groups received combination of electrotherapy, deep friction massage and stabilization exercise for fifteen session...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505954/manipulative-rehabilitation-applied-soon-after-lumbar-disc-surgery-improves-late-post-operative-functional-disability-a-preliminary-2-year-follow-up-study
#19
Byungho J Kim, Taeyeong Kim, Junghoon Ahn, Heecheol Cho, Dongyun Kim, Bumchul Yoon
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown late post-operative physical disability and residual pain in patients following lumbar disc surgery despite growing evidence of its beneficial effects. Therefore, rehabilitation is required to minimise the late post-operative complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of manipulative rehabilitation to improve late post-operative outcomes. METHODS: Twenty-one patients aged 25-65 years undergoing lumbar microdiscectomy were randomly assigned to the rehabilitation group (n = 14) or active control group (n = 7) by simple randomisation...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505030/association-between-neurotrophic-factor-expression-and-pain-related-behavior-induced-by-nucleus-pulposus-applied-to-rat-nerve-root
#20
Shinobu Seki, Miho Sekiguchi, Shin-Ichi Konno
STUDY DESIGN: An experimental animal study OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the relationship between pain-related behavior and the expression of neurotrophic factors in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal cord (SC) using a nucleus pulposus (NP) rat model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neurotrophic factors are released from activated glial cells and are associated with pain-related behavior. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophic factor that is induced by inflammation...
April 12, 2017: Spine
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