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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936188/risk-factors-for-complications-after-reduction-mammoplasty-a-meta-analysis
#1
Min-Xia Zhang, Chun-Ye Chen, Qing-Qing Fang, Ji-Hua Xu, Xiao-Feng Wang, Bang-Hui Shi, Li-Hong Wu, Wei-Qiang Tan
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammoplasty (RM) is a proven method of treating macromastia, but the risk factors for postoperative complications have not been clearly identified. Through this meta-analysis, the authors aimed to identify the risk factors of RM complications. METHODS: An extensive search of the literature describing complications after RM was performed using the PubMed Central, Embase, and Cochrane databases. The following risk factors were extracted: age, body mass index (BMI), tissue resection weight per breast (TRW), smoking and radiation therapy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935988/effects-of-a-community-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-co-help-among-adults-with-prediabetes-in-a-developing-country-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Norliza Ibrahim, Foong Ming Moy, Intan Attikah Nur Awalludin, Zainudin Mohd Ali, Ikram Shah Ismail
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Malaysian adults has increased by more than two folds over the past two decades. Strategies to collaborate with the existing community partners may become a promising channel for wide-scale dissemination of diabetes prevention in the country. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of community-based lifestyle interventions delivered to adults with prediabetes and their health-related quality of life as compared to the usual care group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935794/exploring-exclusive-and-poly-tobacco-use-among-adult-cigarette-smokers-in-minnesota
#3
Erin O'Gara, Eva Sharma, Raymond G Boyle, Kristie A Taylor
OBJECTIVES: In recent decades, the United States has seen dramatic reductions in cigarette smoking. In contrast, other tobacco products (OTPs) have increased in popularity, particularly electronic cigarettes. The availability of new OTPs also has led to the use of multiple tobacco products that includes combustible cigarettes (poly-use). This study examines patterns of exclusive cigarette and polyuse among adult smokers in Minnesota. METHODS: Data from 5 rounds of the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS) series 1999-2014 were analyzed...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935767/effect-of-physical-activity-and-or-healthy-eating-on-gdm-risk-the-dali-lifestyle-study
#4
David Simmons, Roland Devlieger, André van Assche, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Fidelma Dunne, Gernot Desoye, Jürgen Harreiter, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Dorte M Jensen, Liselotte Andersen, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Alessandra Bertolotto, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, David Hill, Frank J Snoek, Judith Gm Jelsma, Mireille Nm van Poppel
CONTEXT: Lifestyle approaches for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have produced mixed results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of three lifestyle interventions (Healthy eating (HE), Physical activity (PA) and both HE and PA (HE+PA)) with usual care (UC) in reducing GDM risk. DESIGN: Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial 2012-2014: The Dali Lifestyle Study Setting: Antenatal clinics across 11 centres in 9 European countries Patients: Consecutive pregnant women <20 weeks gestation with a BMI≥29 kg/m(2) and without GDM by IADPSG criteria (n=436)...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935766/dual-source-single-energy-multidetector-ct-used-to-obtain-multiple-radiation-exposure-levels-within-the-same-patient-phantom-development-and-clinical-validation
#5
Davide Bellini, Juan Carlos Ramirez-Giraldo, Alex Bibbey, Justin Solomon, Lynne M Hurwitz, Alfredo Farjat, Achille Mileto, Ehsan Samei, Daniele Marin
Purpose To develop, in a phantom environment, a method to obtain multidetector computed tomographic (CT) data sets at multiple radiation exposure levels within the same patient and to validate its use for potential dose reduction by using different image reconstruction algorithms for the detection of liver metastases. Materials and Methods The American College of Radiology CT accreditation phantom was scanned by using a dual-source multidetector CT platform. By adjusting the radiation output of each tube, data sets at six radiation exposure levels (100%, 75%, 50%, 37...
December 5, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935195/ultrahigh-molecular-weight-polyethylene-graphene-oxide-nanocomposites-wear-characterization-and-biological-response-to-wear-particles
#6
S Suñer, N Gowland, R Craven, R Joffe, N Emami, J L Tipper
In the field of total joint replacements, polymer nanocomposites are being investigated as alternatives to ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) for acetabular cup bearings. The objective of this study was to investigate the wear performance and biocompatibility of UHMWPE/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites. This study revealed that low concentrations of GO nanoparticles (0.5 wt %) do not significantly alter the wear performance of UHMWPE. In contrast, the addition of higher concentrations (2 wt %) led to a significant reduction in wear...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934271/declining-mercury-concentrations-in-bluefin-tuna-reflect-reduced-emissions-to-the-north-atlantic-ocean
#7
Cheng-Shiuan Lee, Molly E Lutcavage, Emily Chandler, Daniel J Madigan, Robert M Cerrato, Nicholas S Fisher
Tunas are apex predators in marine food webs that can accumulate mercury (Hg) to high concentrations and provide more Hg (∼40%) to the U.S population than any other source. We measured Hg concentrations in 1292 Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT, Thunnus thynnus) captured in the Northwest Atlantic from 2004 to 2012. ABFT Hg concentrations and variability increased nonlinearly with length, weight, and age, ranging from 0.25 to 3.15 mg kg(-1), and declined significantly at a rate of 0.018 ± 0.003 mg kg(-1) per year or 19% over an 8-year period from the 1990s to the early 2000s...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933679/supplementation-with-nutrients-modulating-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-negatively-correlated-with-changes-in-the-levels-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-at-risk-of-undernutrition
#8
M Kim, M Kim, Y J Lee, H J Song, J K Shim, D H Chang, W K Yu, S-H Lee, J H Lee
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal nutrition accompanied by chronic low-grade increases in circulating cytokine levels is more common in elderly people. We explored the improvement in nutritional status, especially in the level of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and its relationship with changes in circulating cytokine levels, after providing extra protein and energy content to community-dwelling older adults at risk of undernutrition. METHODS: Sixty nondiabetic subjects, aged ≥65 years and living independently in a community for elderly people, with a serum pre-albumin level ≤30 mg dL(-1) and a body mass index <25 kg m(-2) , were recruited...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932884/a-randomized-trial-of-aripiprazole-vs-blonanserin-for-the-treatment-of-acute-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders
#9
Taro Kishi, Yuki Matsuda, Shinji Matsunaga, Tomohiko Mukai, Masatsugu Moriwaki, Hideaki Tabuse, Kiyoshi Fujita, Nakao Iwata
OBJECTIVE: There has been no direct comparison of aripiprazole and blonanserin for schizophrenia treatment. We conducted a 24-week, rater-masked, randomized trial of aripiprazole (6-30 mg/d) vs blonanserin (4-24 mg/d) in schizophrenia patients who were not taking any antipsychotic medication for more than 2 weeks before enrollment (UMIN000011194). METHODS: The primary outcome measure for efficacy was improvement of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score at week 24...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932685/longitudinal-micro-computed-tomography-monitoring-of-progressive-liver-regeneration-in-a-mouse-model-of-partial-hepatectomy
#10
Olga M Will, Timo Damm, Graeme M Campbell, Witigo von Schönfells, Yahya Açil, Marcus Will, Athena Chalaris-Rissmann, Mustafa Ayna, Claudia Drucker, Claus-Christian Glüer
The partial hepatectomy (PH) model is widely used to study liver regeneration. Currently, the extent of regeneration is analyzed by measuring the weight of the liver post-mortem or by magnetic resonance imaging. In this study we aimed to determine whether liver volume gain can be accurately measured using micro-computed tomography (microCT). Approximately 42% of the liver was removed by ligation in C57BL/6 N mice. Mice were divided into two study groups. In group 1 conventional characterization of liver hyperplasia was performed by weighing the liver post-mortem...
December 8, 2016: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931900/dimensions-of-schizophrenia-and-their-time-course-of-response-to-a-second-generation-antipsychotic-olanzapine-a-clinical-study
#11
Badari Birur, Jagadisha Thirthalli, N Janakiramaiah, Richard C Shelton, Bangalore N Gangadhar
BACKGROUND: The pattern of symptom response to second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has not been studied extensively. Understanding the time course of symptom response would help to rationally monitor patient progress. OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term differential time course of response of symptom dimensions of first episode schizophrenia viz., negative, positive symptoms and 5 factors of anergia, thought disturbance, activation, paranoid-belligerence and depression to treatment with SGA olanzapine...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931815/evaluation-of-mutagenicity-of-acrylamide-using-rbc-pig-a-and-pigret-assays-by-single-peroral-dose-in-rats
#12
Katsuyoshi Horibata, Akiko Ukai, Masamitsu Honma
The Pig-a gene mutation assay, a powerful tool for evaluating in vivo genotoxicity, is based on flow cytometric enumeration of red blood cells (RBCs), which are deficient in glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored proteins caused by mutation(s) in the Pig-a gene. Various approaches for measuring cells with mutated Pig-a gene have been developed. The Pig-a assay targeting concentrated reticulocytes - the PIGRET assay - has the potential to detect genotoxicity in early stages of the study. To verify the potential and usefulness of the PIGRET assay for short-term testing, we conducted a joint research with the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study (MMS) Group of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931766/a-comparison-of-move-versus-telemove-programs-for-weight-loss-in-veterans-with-obesity
#13
Thomas Rutledge, Jane A Skoyen, Julie A Wiese, Kathleen M Ober, Gina N Woods
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a leading contributor to disability. Treatment approaches incorporating telehealth technologies are becoming increasingly popular in treating obesity, but their benefits relative to established behavioural weight loss therapies are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to compare a new telehealth treatment (TeleMOVE) to an established behavioural treatment (MOVE!) among Veterans with obesity. METHODS: This was an observational study of Veterans in the TeleMOVE or MOVE! programs between October, 2011 and March, 2013...
December 5, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931605/bariatric-surgery-and-the-risk-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-swedish%C3%A2-obese-subjects
#14
Shabbar Jamaly, Lena Carlsson, Markku Peltonen, Peter Jacobson, Lars Sjöström, Kristjan Karason
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation, which in turn is associated with stroke, heart failure, and increased all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated whether weight loss through bariatric surgery may reduce the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: SOS (Swedish Obese Subjects) is a prospective matched cohort study conducted at 25 surgical departments and 480 primary healthcare centers in Sweden...
December 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930980/vitamin-d3-intake-as-regulator-of-insulin-degrading-enzyme-and-insulin-receptor-phosphorylation-in-diabetic-rats
#15
Mohamed Mahmoud Elseweidy, Rawia Sarhan Amin, Hebatallah Husseini Atteia, Maha Abdo Ali
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE, insulysin) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the insulin degradation process. It is an intracellular 110-kDa thiol zinc-metalloendopeptidase located in the cytosol, peroxisomes, endosomes and cell surface. IDE catalyzes degradation of several small proteins including insulin, amylin and β-amyloid protein. In addition, insulin clearance was expressed as a target in the treatment of type 2 diabetes given the role of hyperinsulinemia in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. In this study, fourtyadult male Wistar albino rats were used, thirty rats received 20% fructose in drinking water (HFW) for six weeks to induce diabetes...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930952/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-food-addiction-in-persons-with-obesity-seeking-weight-reduction
#16
Ariana M Chao, Jena A Shaw, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Christina M Hopkins, Zayna M Bakizada, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
INTRODUCTION: Food addiction is a controversial concept. The potential influence of food addiction on patients' psychosocial functioning and well-being has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between psychosocial functioning (depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life [HRQOL]) and food addiction as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also explored whether food addiction contributed additional variance in explaining psychosocial functioning, beyond demographic and clinical factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930558/urinary-%C3%AE-trace-protein-a-unique-biomarker-to-screen-early-glomerular-filtration-rate-impairment
#17
Carlo Donadio, Laura Bozzoli
The screening for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients needs the measurement of serum markers like creatinine. Our previous results indicated that urinary excretion of β-trace protein (BTP), a low-molecular-weight protein (23-29 kDa), is increased in CKD patients from stage 2. The aim of this study was to assess the major determinants of urinary excretion of BTP and to evaluate its feasibility as noninvasive marker of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) impairment.We studied 355 CKD patients (198 males), aged 15 to 83 years, in stable clinical conditions, classified in the different stages of CKD on the basis of GFR (renal clearance of Tc-diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929735/development-of-adsorptive-hybrid-filters-to-enable-two-step-purification-of-biologics
#18
Nripen Singh, Abhiram Arunkumar, Michael Peck, Alexei M Voloshin, Angela M Moreno, Zhijun Tan, Jonathan Hester, Michael C Borys, Zheng Jian Li
Recent progress in mammalian cell culture process has resulted in significantly increased product titers, but also a substantial increase in process- and product-related impurities. Due to the diverse physicochemical properties of these impurities, there is constant need for new technologies that offer higher productivity and improved economics without sacrificing the process robustness required to meet final drug substance specifications. Here, we examined the use of new synthetic adsorptive hybrid filters (AHF) modified with the high binding capacity of quaternary amine (Emphaze™ AEX) and salt-tolerant biomimetic (Emphaze™ ST-AEX) ligands for clearance of process-related impurities like host cell protein (HCP), residual DNA, and virus...
December 8, 2016: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929072/antimicrobial-growth-promoters-modulate-host-responses-in-mice-with-a-defined-intestinal-microbiota
#19
Kirsty Brown, Sarah J M Zaytsoff, Richard R E Uwiera, G Douglas Inglis
Antibiotics can promote growth in livestock (antimicrobial growth promoters, AGPs), however lack of knowledge regarding mechanisms has hampered the development of effective non-antibiotic alternatives. Antibiotics affect eukaryotic cells at therapeutic concentrations, yet effects of AGPs on host physiology are relatively understudied, partially due to the complexity of host-microorganism interactions within the gastrointestinal tract. To determine the direct effects of AGPs on the host, we generated Altered Schaedler Flora (ASF) mice, and administered chlortetracycline (CTC) and tylosin phosphate (TYL) in feed...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928681/in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-combined-albedazole-ifn-%C3%AE-treatment-for-cystic-echinococcosis-in-mice
#20
Shengbin Zhang, Yongsheng Zhou, Lifu Su, Xiaodong Zhang, Hao Wang, Baoqin Liu
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a serious helminthic zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus metacestode worldwide. The current chemotherapy of CE is mainly based on albendazole (ABZ). However, more than 20% CE cases failed to such chemotherapy. Thus, novel and more efficient treatment options are urgently needed. This study was to evaluate the in vivo efficacy of combined ABZ-interferon (IFN)-α treatment for CE in mice. After 5 months of secondary infection with protoscoleces, mice were randomly allocated into four groups: ABZ-treated group, IFN-α-treated group, ABZ+IFN-α group, and untreated control group...
December 7, 2016: Parasitology Research
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