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M O M Parente, I Susin, C P Nolli, E M Ferreira, R S Gentil, D M Polizel, A V Pires, S P Alves, R J B Bessa
The objectives in this experiment were to compare the effects of castor oil, canola oil or sunflower oil on lactation performance, milk composition and milk fatty acid (FA) profile in Santa Inês ewes and on growth of lambs. Forty-four ewes (66.9 ± 4.7 kg of initial BW, mean ± SD) were penned individually with their lambs and used in a randomized complete block design with 11 blocks and four diets. The experimental diets were as follow: 1) basal diet without added oil (Control), 2) 30 g FA/kg DM of canola oil (CAN), 3) 30 g FA/kg DM of sunflower oil (SUN) and 4) 30 g FA/kg DM of castor oil (CAS)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Koya Prabhakara Rao, Yerraguntla Katyayani Devi, Jettiboina Suryachandram, Rayavarapu Prasada Rao, J N Behera
We achieved a dense I(1)O(3) hybrid superhydrophobic porous coordination polymer (PCP), [Pb(H-BTMB)(DMF)] (1), by solvothermal methods. The single-crystal XRD structure of 1 indicated that it has a three-dimensional M-L-M framework with one-dimensional M-O-M connectivity leading to an I(1)O(3) network. The new PCP obtained exhibited open metal sites (OMSs) by losing a coordinated DMF molecule. The degassed phase displayed selective adsorption of CO2 gas over N2, C2H6, and C2H4 gases. Additionally, it has a superhydrophobic surface with a contact angle of 156...
August 28, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
M O M Harioly Nirina, T M Raheritiana, M O J Harioly Nirina, A S Rasolonjatovo, A O Rakoto Alson, A Rasamindrakotroka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Erandi Bernabé-Pablo, Vojtech Jancik, Diego Martínez-Otero, Joaquín Barroso-Flores, Mónica Moya-Cabrera
The reaction of metalloxanes [{(Me)LM(OH)}2(μ-O)] [M = Al (1), Ga (2); (Me)L = CH{CMe(NAr)}2(-), Ar = 2,4,6-Me3C6H2, Me = methyl] with an excess of BH3·D (D = tetrahydrofuran (THF), SMe2) affords annular metallaborate systems achieved through M-O-M cleavage. Compound 1 led exclusively to the formation of eight-membered ring systems [{(Me)LAl(μ-O){B(O(n)Bu)}(μ-O)}2] (3) and [{(Me)LAl(μ-O)(BH)(μ-O)}2] (6), while for 2 the unprecedented six-membered ring systems [{((Me)LGa)2(μ-O)}(μ-O)2{B(O(n)Bu)}] (4) and [((Me)LGa)(μ-O)2{(BO(n)Bu)2(μ-O)}] (5) were observed...
July 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
C Y Chung, E S Wong, C C H Liu, M O M Wong, K K W Li
AimsTo identify the clinical features and prognostic factors of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae.MethodsThis is a retrospective case series of all patients with Klebsiella endophthalmitis managed from January 2006 to December 2015 by Kowloon East Ophthalmic Service. Statistical analysis involved hypothesis testing on the SPSS 18.0 software (SPSS). A significance level of P<0.05 was taken.ResultsIn the 10-year period, K. pneumoniae accounted for 19 out of 39 cases of endogenous endophthalmitis (48...
November 2017: Eye
Jamal Dabachi, Monique Body, Cyrille Galven, Florent Boucher, Christophe Legein
Through an analysis combining powder XRD, TGA, and (19)F and (1)H solid-state NMR, it is confirmed for NbO2F and shown for TaO2F that both contain hydroxyl defects and metal vacancies when prepared by aqueous solution synthesis. The formulations M1-x□xO2-5x(OH,F)1+5x of both the samples are determined. The effects of the usually applied thermal treatments are examined. Obtaining pure NbO2F and TaO2F from these samples, that is, fully removing metal vacancies and hydroxide, while avoiding the formation of M2O5, is not that easy...
April 11, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Bing Li, Junye Quan, Adeline Loh, Jianwei Chai, Ye Chen, Chaoliang Tan, Xiaoming Ge, T S Andy Hor, Zhaolin Liu, Hua Zhang, Yun Zong
Advanced batteries with long cycle life and capable of harnessing more energies from multiple electrochemical reactions are both fundamentally interesting and practically attractive. Herein, we report a robust hybrid zinc-battery that makes use of transition-metal-based redox reaction (M-O-OH → M-O, M = Ni and Co) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) to deliver more electrochemical energies of comparably higher voltage with much longer cycle life. The hybrid battery was constructed using an integrated electrode of NiCo2O4 nanowire arrays grown on carbon-coated nickel foam, coupled with a zinc plate anode in alkaline electrolyte...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Matilde Fondo, Jesús Doejo, Ana M García-Deibe, Jesús Sanmartín-Matalobos, Ramón Vicente, Mohamed S El-Fallah, Martín Amoza, Eliseo Ruiz
An imidazolidine-phenolate ligand HL yields quadruple-bridged (μ-NCNimidazolidine)2(μ-Ophenolate)2 ferromagnetic dinuclear nickel and cobalt complexes. Both kinds of bridges contribute to the ferromagnetic coupling, but the ferromagnetism of these samples is mainly ascribed to the double μ-Ophenolate links, on the basis of density functional theory calculations. These studies demonstrate not only that the short M-O-M angles of the M2O2 cores favors the parallel alignment of the electrons but also that these angles are the optimal ones for maximizing the ferromagnetic contribution in these complexes...
November 21, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Hongping Xiang, Yingying Tang, Suyun Zhang, Zhangzhen He
The electronic structure and magnetic properties of the quasi-1D transition-metal borates PbMBO4 (M  =  Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) have been investigated by density functional theory, including electronic correlation. The results evidence PbCrBO4 and PbFeBO4 as antiferromagnetic (AFM) semiconductors (intra-chain AFM and inter-chain FM) and PbMnBO4 as a ferromagnetic (FM) semiconductor (both intra- and inter-chain FM) in accordance with experimental observations. For non-synthesized PbTiBO4, PbVBO4, and PbCoBO4, the ground-state magnetic structures are paramagnetic, FM, and paramagnetic, respectively...
July 13, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Jae Sang Heo, Jeong-Wan Jo, Jingu Kang, Chan-Yong Jeong, Hu Young Jeong, Sung Kyu Kim, Kwanpyo Kim, Hyuck-In Kwon, Jaekyun Kim, Yong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Gil Kim, Sung Kyu Park
The low-temperature electrical passivation of an amorphous oxide semiconductor (AOS) thin-film transistor (TFT) is achieved by a deep ultraviolet (DUV) light irradiation-water treatment-DUV irradiation (DWD) method. The water treatment of the first DUV-annealed amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide (a-IGZO) thin film is likely to induce the preferred adsorption of water molecules at the oxygen vacancies and leads to subsequent hydroxide formation in the bulk a-IGZO films. Although the water treatment initially degraded the electrical performance of the a-IGZO TFTs, the second DUV irradiation on the water-treated devices may enable a more complete metal-oxygen-metal lattice formation while maintaining low oxygen vacancies in the oxide films...
April 27, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Maoyuan Liu, Aurélie Jacob, Clemens Schmetterer, Patrick J Masset, Louis Hennet, Henry E Fischer, Jad Kozaily, Sandro Jahn, Angus Gray-Weale
Calcium aluminosilicate CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 (CAS) melts with compositions (CaO-SiO2)(x)(Al2O3)(1-x) for x  <  0.5 and (Al2O3)(x)(SiO2)(1-x) for x ≥ 0.5 are studied using neutron diffraction with aerodynamic levitation and density functional theory molecular dynamics modelling. Simulated structure factors are found to be in good agreement with experimental structure factors. Local atomic structures from simulations reveal the role of calcium cations as a network modifier, and aluminium cations as a non-tetrahedral network former...
April 6, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Moamen M O M Aly, Yasser Abo-Madyan, Lennart Jahnke, Frederik Wenz, Gerhard Glatting
PURPOSE: A method is presented to radiobiologically compare sequential (SEQ) and simultaneously integrated boost (SIB) breast radiotherapy. METHODS: The method is based on identically prescribed biologically effective dose (iso-BED) which was achieved by different prescribed doses due to different fractionation schemes. It is performed by converting the calculated three-dimensional dose distribution to the corresponding BED distribution taking into consideration the different number of fractions for generic α/β ratios...
February 2, 2016: Radiation Oncology
L M A Van Loon, M O M Van De Ven, K T M Van Doesum, C M H Hosman, C L M Witteman
BACKGROUND: Children of parents with mental illness have an elevated risk of developing a range of mental health and psychosocial problems. Yet many of these children remain mentally healthy. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to get insight into factors that protect these children from developing internalizing and externalizing problems. METHODS: Several possible individual, parent-child, and family protective factors were examined cross-sectionally and longitudinally in a sample of 112 adolescents...
2015: Child & Youth Care Forum
N Lytvynenko, S Cherenko, Y Feschenko, M Pogrebna, Y Senko, A Barbova, M Manzi, O Denisiuk, A Ramsay, R Zachariah
SETTING: A tertiary care facility in Ukraine, a high multi- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/XDR-TB) burden country. OBJECTIVES: To assess the management and treatment outcomes of MDR, pre-XDR-TB and XDR-TB. DESIGN: Cohort study using programme data, 2006-2011. RESULTS: Of 484 individuals with drug-resistant TB, 217 (45%) had MDR-, 153 (32%) pre-XDR- and 114 (24%) XDR-TB. Of all resistant types completing the intensive phase of treatment, 322 (67%) were alive and had culture converted...
October 21, 2014: Public Health Action
O Dolgusev, N Obevzenco, O Padalco, S Pankrushev, A Ramsay, R Van den Bergh, M Manzi, O Denisiuk, R Zachariah
This cohort study assessed drug susceptibility testing (DST) patterns and associated treatment outcomes from Transnistria, Moldova, from 2009 to 2012. Of 1089 newly registered tuberculosis (TB) patients with available DST results, 556 (51%) had some form of drug resistance, while 369 (34%) had multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). There were four cases of extensively drug-resistant TB. MDR-TB patients had poor treatment success (45%); human immunodeficiency virus positivity and a history of incarceration were associated with an unfavourable treatment outcome...
October 21, 2014: Public Health Action
K Davtyan, R Zachariah, H Davtyan, A Ramsay, O Denisiuk, M Manzi, M Khogali, R Van den Bergh, A Hayrapetyan, M Dara
We assessed the performance of decentralised tuberculosis (TB) out-patient centres in tuberculosis (TB) case notification and treatment success in Armenia. An average threshold case notification of ⩾37/100 000 was seen in centres that had higher numbers of presumptive TB patients, where more TB was diagnosed by in-patient facilities and where TB contacts were examined. The number of doctors and/or TB specialists at centres did not influence case notification. Onsite smear microscopy was significantly associated with a treatment success rate of ⩾85% for new TB patients...
October 21, 2014: Public Health Action
Jesse T Jedial, Aminu Shittu, Faruk M Tambuwal, Mikail B Abubakar, Muhammed K Garba, Jacob P Kwaga, Folorunso O Fasina
OBJECTIVES: Escherichia coli are an important group of bacteria in the normal gastrointestinal system but can sometimes cause infections in domestic animals and man. Donkeys are routinely used as multipurpose animal but details of burdens of potentially infectious bacteria associated with it are limited. The prevalence and associations between intestinal shedding of E. coli O157 and animal characteristics and management factors were studied among 240 randomly selected working donkeys in north-western Nigeria...
2015: Veterinary Record Open
C Freitag, C Noble, J Fritzsche, F Persson, M Reiter-Schad, A N Nilsson, A Granéli, T Ambjörnsson, K U Mir, J O Tegenfeldt
The contiguity and phase of sequence information are intrinsic to obtain complete understanding of the genome and its relationship to phenotype. We report the fabrication and application of a novel nanochannel design that folds megabase lengths of genomic DNA into a systematic back-and-forth meandering path. Such meandering nanochannels enabled us to visualize the complete 5.7 Mbp (1 mm) stained DNA length of a Schizosaccharomyces pombe chromosome in a single frame of a CCD. We were able to hold the DNA in situ while implementing partial denaturation to obtain a barcode pattern that we could match to a reference map using the Poland-Scheraga model for DNA melting...
July 2015: Biomicrofluidics
R Libé, I Borget, C L Ronchi, B Zaggia, M Kroiss, T Kerkhofs, J Bertherat, M Volante, M Quinkler, O Chabre, M Bala, A Tabarin, F Beuschlein, D Vezzosi, T Deutschbein, F Borson-Chazot, I Hermsen, A Stell, C Fottner, S Leboulleux, S Hahner, M Mannelli, A Berruti, H Haak, M Terzolo, M Fassnacht, E Baudin
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of advanced adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is heterogeneous. Our study aimed primarily to refine and make headway in the prognostic stratification of advanced ACC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced ENSAT ACC (stage III or stage IV) at diagnosis registered between 2000 and 2009 in the ENSAT database were enrolled. The primary end point was overall survival (OS). Parameters of potential prognostic relevance were selected...
October 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Corrie M Whisner, Bridget E Young, Frank R Witter, Zena Leah Harris, Ruth A Queenan, Elizabeth M Cooper, Kimberly O O'Brien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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