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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644760/expression-and-characterization-of-soybean-seed-coat-peroxidase-in-escherichia-coli-bl21-de3
#1
Changqing Liu, Kai Zheng, Ying Xu, Lacmata Tamekou Stephen, Jiming Wang, Hongwei Zhao, Tongqing Yue, Rui Nian, Haibo Zhang, Mo Xian, Huizhou Liu
Soybean seed coat peroxidase(SBP) is a valuable enzyme having a broad variety of applications in analytical chemistry, biochemistry and food processing. In the present study, the sscp gene (Gene ID: 548068) was optimized based on the preferred codon usage of Escherichia coli, synthesized, and expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3). SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis of this expressed protein revealed that its molecular weight is approximately 39 kDa. The effects of induction temperature, concentration of IPTG (isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside) and hemin, induction time, expression time were optimized to enhance SBP production with a maximum activity of 11...
June 23, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644382/metal-ion-loaded-nanofibre-matrices-for-calcification-inhibition-in-polyurethane-implants
#2
Charanpreet Singh, Xungai Wang
Pathologic calcification leads to structural deterioration of implant materials via stiffening, stress cracking, and other structural disintegration mechanisms, and the effect can be critical for implants intended for long-term or permanent implantation. This study demonstrates the potential of using specific metal ions (MI)s for inhibiting pathological calcification in polyurethane (PU) implants. The hypothesis of using MIs as anti-calcification agents was based on the natural calcium-antagonist role of Mg(2+) ions in human body, and the anti-calcification effect of Fe(3+) ions in bio-prosthetic heart valves has previously been confirmed...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644042/a-review-on-recent-applications-of-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-in-metal-determination-and-speciation-analysis
#3
Susheela Rani, Neha Sharma, Ashok Kumar Malik
High performance liquid chromatography has several advantages over the conventional methods due to their operational simplicity. It is a vital tool to determine metal ions having same mass but different electronic configuration, to separate complex mixtures and to resolve ions that may be indistinguishable by mass spectrometry alone. Metal ions play vital role in many biological processes and involved in setting up of many diseases. Therefore the development of simple methods for the detection and quantification of metals in real samples might serve as diagnostic tools for various diseases...
June 23, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644013/a-simple-approach-to-prepare-carboxycellulose-nanofibers-from-untreated-biomass
#4
Priyanka R Sharma, Ritika Joshi, Benjamin S Hsiao
A simple approach was developed to prepare carboxycellulose nanofibers directly from untreated biomass using nitric acid or nitric acid-sodium nitrite mixtures. Experiments indicated that this approach greatly reduced the need for multi-chemicals, and offered significant benefits in lowering the consumption of water and electric energy, when compared with conventional multiple-step processes at bench scale (e.g. TEMPO oxidation). Additionally, the effluent produced by this approach could be efficaciously neutralized using base to produce nitrogen-rich salts as fertilizers...
June 23, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643827/anti-oxidant-and-immune-modulatory-properties-of-sulfated-alginate-derivatives-on-human-chondrocytes-and-macrophages
#5
Anne Kerschenmeyer, Øystein Arlov, Vera Malheiro, Matthias Steinwachs, Markus Rottmar, Katharina Maniura-Weber, Gemma Palazzolo, Marcy Zenobi-Wong
Degeneration of articular cartilage represents one of the most common causes of pain and disability in our aging society. Current treatments only address the symptoms of joint disease, but not their underlying causes which include oxidative stress and inflammation in cartilage and surrounding tissues. Sulfated biopolymers that mimic aspects of the native extracellular environment of cartilage are recently gaining interest as a means to slow the inflammatory events responsible for tissue degeneration. Here we show that the natural polysaccharide alginate and particularly its sulfated derivatives have potent anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-immunogenic properties in vitro...
June 23, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643473/can-the-propensity-of-protein-crystallization-be-increased-by-using-systematic-screening-with-metals
#6
REVIEW
Raghurama P Hegde, Pavithra G Chinnaswamy, Debayan Dey, Steven C Almo, S Ramakumar, Udupi A Ramagopal
Protein crystallization is one of the major bottlenecks in protein structure elucidation with new strategies being constantly developed to improve the chances of crystallization. Generally, well-ordered epitopes possessing complementary-surface and capable of producing stable inter-protein interactions generate a regular three-dimensional arrangement of protein molecules which eventually results in a crystal lattice. Metals, when used for crystallization, with their various coordination numbers and geometries, can generate such epitopes mediating protein oligomerization and/or establish crystal contacts...
June 23, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643429/advances-and-challenges-in-metal-sulfides-selenides-for-next-generation-rechargeable-sodium-ion-batteries
#7
REVIEW
Zhe Hu, Qiannan Liu, Shu-Lei Chou, Shi-Xue Dou
Rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), as the most promising alternative to commercial lithium-ion batteries, have received tremendous attention during the last decade. Among all the anode materials for SIBs, metal sulfides/selenides (MXs) have shown inspiring results because of their versatile material species and high theoretical capacity. They suffer from large volume expansion, however, which leads to bad cycling performance. Thus, methods such as carbon modification, nanosize design, electrolyte optimization, and cut-off voltage control are used to obtain enhanced performance...
June 23, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643423/heterocorrole-conformations-little-saddling-much-ruffling
#8
Jörn Rösner, Birte Cordes, Stefanie Bahnmüller, Gabor Homolya, Dimitri Sakow, Peter Schweyen, Richard Wicht, Martin Bröring
10-Heterocorrole complexes with oxygen, sulfur, and selenium at position 10 of the macrocycle, and with the divalent ions of nickel, copper, and palladium were prepared and investigated. The focus was set onto the size adaptation and matching mechanisms of cavity sizes vs. ionic radii in corrole-type macrocycles. A full set of single crystal X-ray analyses was obtained and revealed that in all but one case the N4 binding site of the ring-contracted tetrapyrrole is larger than necessary to bind the metal ion without deformation...
June 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643123/study-of-the-interactions-of-dissolved-organic-matter-with-zinc-ion-and-the-impact-of-competitive-metal-ions-ca-2-and-mg-2-by-in-situ-absorbance
#9
Tianyu Zhang, Tao Wang, Yujuan Lu
The bioavailability and toxicity of zinc to aquatic life depend on dissolved organic matter (DOM), such as Suwannee River Fulvic Acid (SRFA), which plays an important role in the speciation of zinc. This study examined reactions of SRFA with zinc at different concentrations from pH 3.0 to 9.0, and competitive binding of calcium/magnesium and zinc to SRFA at pH 6.0, using in situ absorbance. Interactions of Zn(2+) with SRFA chromophores were evidenced by the emergence of features in Zn-differential spectra. Among all Zn(2+)-SRFA systems, dominant peaks, located at 235, 275 and 385 nm, and the highest intensity at 235 nm indicated the replacement of protons by the bound Zn(2+)...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642944/magnetic-circular-dichroism-of-ucl6-in-the-ligand-to-metal-charge-transfer-spectral-region
#10
Frédéric Gendron, Valerie E Fleischauer, Thomas J Duignan, Brian L Scott, Matthias W Löble, Samantha K Cary, Stosh A Kozimor, Hélène Bolvin, Michael L Neidig, Jochen Autschbach
We present a combined ab initio theoretical and experimental study of the magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectrum of the octahedral UCl6(-) complex ion in the UV-Vis spectral region. The ground state is an orbitally non-degenerate doublet E5/2u and the MCD is a -term spectrum caused by spin-orbit coupling. Calculations of the electronic spectrum at various levels of theory indicate that differential dynamic electron correlation has a strong influence on the energies of the dipole-allowed transitions and the envelope of the MCD spectrum...
June 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642471/multi-layered-nioy-nbox-nioy-fast-drift-free-threshold-switch-with-high-ion-ioff-ratio-for-selector-application
#11
Jaehyuk Park, Tobias Hadamek, Agham B Posadas, Euijun Cha, Alexander A Demkov, Hyunsang Hwang
NbO2 has the potential for a variety of electronic applications due to its electrically induced insulator-to-metal transition (IMT) characteristic. In this study, we find that the IMT behavior of NbO2 follows the field-induced nucleation by investigating the delay time dependency at various voltages and temperatures. Based on the investigation, we reveal that the origin of leakage current in NbOx is partly due to insufficient Schottky barrier height originating from interface defects between the electrodes and NbOx layer...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641972/equal-primary-fixation-of-resurfacing-stem-but-inferior-cup-fixation%C3%A2-with-anterolateral-vs-posterior-surgical-approach-a-2-year-blinded-randomized-radiostereometric-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-study-of-metal-on-metal-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#12
Mette H Hjorth, Nina D Lorenzen, Kjeld Søballe, Stig S Jakobsen, Maiken Stilling
BACKGROUND: The anterolateral (AntLat) surgical approach may spare the blood supply to the femoral head and improve the accuracy of cup positioning in metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty. Thereby, potentially lessen complications such as avascular head necrosis, femoral neck narrowing and fracture, improve implant fixation, and lessen periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) loss. METHODS: Between November 2008 and January 2012, a randomized clinical trial was performed at Aarhus University Hospital...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641673/renewable-modified-cellulose-bearing-chelating-schiff-base-for-adsorptive-removal-of-heavy-metal-ions-and-antibacterial-action
#13
R Saravanan, L Ravikumar
  A novel approach toward chemically modified cellulose bearing active chelating Schiff base with hydroxyl group (Cell-Hy) was synthesized. The modified cellulose was examined for its heavy metal ion uptake potential from aqueous solution. The chemical and structural features of the adsorbent were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), solid state 13C-NMR, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) observations. The experimental conditions and adsorption parameters, including pH, initial metal ion concentration, adsorbent dosage, temperature, and contact time were optimized for the removal of Cu(II) and Pb(II) ions...
July 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641009/metal-halide-perovskites-as-mixed-electronic-ionic-conductors-challenges-and-opportunities-from-hysteresis-to-memristivity
#14
Wolfgang Tress
Metal halide perovskites are promising candidates for many classes of different optoelectronic devices. Apart from being a semiconductor, they additionally show ionic conductivity. It expresses itself in slow response times, reversible degradation, and hysteresis in the current-voltage characteristics of solar cells. This Perspective gives a condensed overview about experiments and theory on ion migration in metal halide perovskites focusing on its effects in solar cells. Apart from being a potential stability concern for photovoltaics, ion migration paired with the excellent optoelectronic properties of this material offers opportunities for novel devices such as optically controlled memristors and switchable diodes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640435/adjusting-the-chemical-bonding-of-sno2-cnt-composite-for-enhanced-conversion-reaction-kinetics
#15
Yayi Cheng, Jianfeng Huang, Hui Qi, Liyun Cao, Jun Yang, Qiao Xi, Xiaomin Luo, Kazumichi Yanagisawa, Jiayin Li
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with excellent electron conductivity are widely used to improve the electrochemical performance of the SnO2 anode. However, the chemical bonding between SnO2 and CNTs is not clearly elucidated despite it may affect the lithiation/delithiation behavior greatly. In this work, an SnO2 @CNT composite with SnC and SnOC bonds as a linkage bridge is reported and the influence of the SnC and SnOC bonds on the lithium storage properties is revealed. It is found that the SnC bond can act as an ultrafast electron transfer path, facilitating the reversible conversion reaction between Sn and Li2 O to form SnO2 ...
June 22, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640296/synthesis-and-photophysical-and-magnetic-studies-of-ternary-lanthanide-iii-complexes-of-naphthyl-chromophore-functionalized-imidazo-4-5-f-1-10-phenanthroline-and-dibenzoylmethane
#16
A Josephine Kanimozhi, V Alexander
The luminescent ternary lanthanide(iii) complexes [Ln(DBM)3(L1)] and [Ln(DBM)3(L2)] (Ln = Eu and Tb) of dibenzoylmethane (DBM) and 2-(2-naphthyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline (L1) and 2-(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline (L2) are reported in this work. The naphthyl chromophore functionalized imidazophenanthroline ligands L1 and L2 are structurally characterized by using single crystal X-ray diffraction: (L1), a = 14.933(4) Å, b = 7.4965(13) Å, c = 15.999(4) Å, α = γ = 90°, β = 102...
June 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639851/activated-carbon-of-babassu-coconut-impregnated-with-copper-nanoparticles-by-green-synthesis-for-the-removal-of-nitrate-in-aqueous-solution
#17
Rebecca Manesco Paixão, Isabela Maria Reck, Rosângela Bergamasco, Marcelo Fernandes Vieira, Angélica Marquetotti Salcedo Vieira
The present study was conducted to impregnate the surface of a carbon of vegetable origin with copper nanoparticles using the green synthesis method with the aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa flowers, rich in phenolic compounds, which are responsible for the reduction and impregnation of metal nanoparticles. Batch adsorption assays were conducted aimed at nitrate removal with pure (GAC) and impregnated (IGAC) carbon, for comparative purposes. It was found that impregnation increases the efficiency of the carbon by 4 times in terms of the maximum adsorption capacity, which was 10...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639705/cloning-and-characterization-of-iron-superoxide-dismutase-in-antarctic-yeast-strain-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-an5
#18
Guangfeng Kan, Hua Wen, Xiaofei Wang, Ting Zhou, Cuijuan Shi
A novel superoxide dismutase gene from Antarctic yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa AN5 was cloned, sequenced, and then expressed in Escherichia coli. The R. mucilaginosa AN5 SOD (RmFeSOD) gene was 639 bp open reading frame in length, which encoded a protein of 212 amino acids with a deduced molecular mass of 23.5 kDa and a pI of 7.89. RmFeSOD was identified as iron SOD type with a natural status of homodimer. The recombinant RmFeSOD showed good pH stability in the pH 1.0-9.0 after 1 h incubation. Meanwhile, it was found to behave relatively high thermostability, and maintained more than 80% activity at 50 °C for 1 h...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639558/exchange-interactions-in-transition-metal-oxides-the-role-of-oxygen-spin-polarization
#19
Remko Logemann, Alexander N Rudenko, Mikhail I Katsnelson, Andrei Kirilyuk
Magnetism of transition metal (TM) oxides is usually described in terms of the Heisenberg model, with orientation-independent interactions between the spins. However, the applicability of such a model is not fully justified for TM oxides because spin polarization of oxygen is usually ignored. In the conventional model based on the Anderson principle, oxygen effects are considered as a property of the TM ion and only TM interactions are relevant. Here, we perform a systematic comparison between two approaches for spin polarization on oxygen in typical TM oxides...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639372/syntheses-structures-and-solution-studies-of-multi-component-macrocycles-and-cages-based-on-versatile-ligands
#20
Guo-Xin Jin, Ying-Ying Zhang, Wen-Xi Gao, Yue-Jian Lin, Li-Wei Mi
Different types of multinuclear half-sandwich rhodium macrocycles and cages were designed and synthesized by using two similar multifunctional hydroxamate ligands (pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid (NaHL1) and 4,4'-bipyridine-2-hydroxamic acid (KHL2)) featuring one monodentate site and two pairs of chelating sites. The Rh(III)-Pd(II) heterometallic macrocycles were constructed by using the semi-open palladium(II) source (Pd(en)Cl2) with two free acceptor sites. However, only one kind of macrocycle was found when the shorter ligand L1 was used, while in the larger case, various spectroscopic techniques demonstrated that the coexistence of the hexanuclear and octanuclear macrocyles in solution and the proportions of both components depended on concentration and temperature...
June 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
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