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Biceps Tendon

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634854/micrornas-associated-with-inflammation-in-shoulder-tendinopathy-and-glenohumeral-arthritis
#1
Finosh G Thankam, Chandra S Boosani, Matthew F Dilisio, Devendra K Agrawal
Inflammation is associated with glenohumeral arthritis and rotator cuff tendon tears. Epigenetically, miRNAs tightly regulate various genes involved in the inflammatory response. Alterations in the expression profile of miRNAs and the elucidation of their target genes with respect to the pathophysiology could improve the understanding of their regulatory role and therapeutic potential. Here, we screened key miRNAs that mediate inflammation and linked with JAK2/STAT3 pathway with respect to the coincidence of glenohumeral arthritis in patients suffering from rotator cuff injury (RCI)...
June 20, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632290/a-single-incision-technique-for-distal-biceps-repair-using-a-flexible-reamer
#2
Todd P Pierce, Casey M Pierce, Kimona Issa, Vincent K McInerney, Anthony Festa, Anthony J Scillia
Distal biceps tendon ruptures are rare injuries that usually occur in middle-aged men. Most of these injuries are repaired acutely to restore preinjury function and strength. There is concern regarding the higher prevalence of certain complications with the double-incision technique. As such, the single-incision technique has also been studied to determine if it may produce superior safety and efficacy. In addition, the point of fixation may be created with either a rigid or a flexible reamer. The authors describe a technique that uses a single-incision cortical fixation achieved with a flexible reamer...
June 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623414/tenodesis-is-not-superior-to-tenotomy-in-the-treatment-of-the-long-head-of-biceps-tendon-lesions
#3
Roberto Castricini, Filippo Familiari, Marco De Gori, Daria Anna Riccelli, Massimo De Benedetto, Nicola Orlando, Olimpio Galasso, Giorgio Gasparini
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of tenodesis and tenotomy in the treatment of long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) lesions. The null hypothesis was that there is no difference in functional scores between the tenotomy and tenodesis groups. METHODS: A total of 69 patients with a combined supraspinatus tear and LHBT lesion aged over 40 years entered this prospective comparative study and were randomly assigned to the arthroscopic LHB tenotomy or tenodesis group...
June 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615808/triceps-to-biceps-transfer-for-restoration-of-elbow-flexion-following-upper-brachial-plexus-injury
#4
Pothula Durga Prasada Rao, Rayidi Venkata Koteswara Rao, R Srikanth
INTRODUCTION: Upper brachial plexus injury in adults causes loss of elbow fl exion; when the primary nerve surgery has failed or the patient seeks treatment after 12 months of injury and pedicled muscle transfers are required. Most commonly, the latissimus dorsi or the Steindler flexorplasty is used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have transferred one of the heads of triceps muscle to restore the elbow flexion in such cases. In addition to return of elbow flexion, extension of elbow following surgery is retained...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606648/reliability-of-sonographic-assessment-of-biceps-femoris-distal-tendon-strain-during-passive-stretching
#5
Eleftherios Kellis, Athanasios Ellinoudis, Konstantina Intziegianni
The purpose of this study was to determine the intra-rater, inter-examiner and inter-observer reliability of biceps femoris long head (BFlh) tendon strain using ultrasound imaging. Nineteen patients (age: 20.4 ± 0.35 y) were tested twice with a 1-wk interval. Each session included passive stretching from three different hip positions. Tests were performed independently by two examiners while BFlh tendon displacement (mm) and strain (%) were manually extracted from ultrasound video footages by two observers...
June 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600690/patients-older-than-40-years-with-unilateral-occupational-claims-for-new-shoulder-and-knee-symptoms-have-bilateral-mri-changes
#6
Tiffany C Liu, Nina Leung, Leonard Edwards, David Ring, Edward Bernacki, Melissa D Tonn
BACKGROUND: Minor events that occur in the workplace sometimes are evaluated with MRI, which may reveal age-related changes in the symptomatic body part. These age-related changes are often ascribed to the event. However, evidence of similar or worse pathophysiology in the contralateral joint would suggest that the symptoms might be new, but the pathophysiology is not. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Using a convenience sample of occupational injury claimants with bilateral MRI to evaluate unilateral knee or shoulder symptoms ascribed to a single event at work, we sought to determine whether MRI findings of the shoulder and knee are more often congruent or incongruent with new unilateral symptoms...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597034/ultrasound-visualization-of-an-underestimated-structure-the-bicipital-aponeurosis
#7
M Konschake, H Stofferin, B Moriggl
PURPOSE: We established a detailed sonographic approach to the bicipital aponeurosis (BA), because different pathologies of this, sometimes underestimated, structure are associated with vascular, neural and muscular lesions; emphasizing its further implementation in routine clinical examinations. METHODS: The BA of 100 volunteers, in sitting position with the elbow lying on a suitable table, was investigated. Patients were aged between 18 and 28 with no history of distal biceps injury...
June 8, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594489/diagnosis-and-management-of-the-biceps-labral-complex
#8
Robert J Thorsness, Anthony A Romeo
The long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) is a common source of pathology. The biceps-labral complex (BLC) is the collective anatomic and clinical features shared by the biceps tendon and the superior labrum. LHBT pathology can be caused by inflammation, instability, or trauma. Numerous tests can be performed to determine the existence of biceps tendon and superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions; however, many of these tests do not have high sensitivity and specificity, which limit their clinical utility...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577179/good-isometric-and-isokinetic-power-restoration-after-distal-biceps-tendon-repair-with-anchors
#9
Arnold J Suda, Julia Prajitno, Paul A Grützner, Marco Tinelli
INTRODUCTION: Distal biceps brachii tendon rupture can lead to 30-40% power loss of elbow flexion and up to 50% of forearm supination. Re-fixation of the distal biceps brachii tendon is recommended to warrant an adequate quality of the patient's life. This study reports the isometric and isokinetic results after anchor re-fixation 2.5 years after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010, 69 patients with distal biceps brachii tendon tear underwent a suture anchor reattachment...
June 2, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567319/anterior-interosseous-nerve-neuropraxia-secondary-to-shoulder-arthroscopy-and-open-subpectoral-long-head-biceps-tenodesis
#10
Jeremiah T Steed, Kathlyn Drexler, Adam N Wooldridge, Matthew Ferguson
Arthroscopic rotator cuff tendon repair is a common elective procedure performed by trained orthopaedic surgeons with a relatively low complication rate. Specifically, isolated neuropraxia of the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) is a very rare complication of shoulder arthroscopy. An analysis of peer-reviewed published literature revealed only three articles reporting a total of seven cases that describe this specific complication following standard shoulder arthroscopic procedures. This article reports on three patients diagnosed with AIN neuropraxia following routine shoulder arthroscopy done by a single surgeon within a three-year period...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567157/modified-open-suprapectoral-endobutton-tension-slide-tenodesis-technique-of-long-head-of-biceps-with-restored-tendon-tension-length
#11
Jagadish Prabhu, Mohammed Khalid Faqi, Rashad Khamis Awad, Fahad Alkhalifa
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of biceps tendon ruptures occurs at the proximal insertion and almost always involves the long head. There are several options for long head of biceps (LHB) tenodesis with advantage and disadvantages of each technique. We believe that the suprapectoral LHB tenodesis described in this article enables the restoration of the anatomic length-tension relation in a technically reproducible manner, when following the guidelines set forth in this article, and restores biceps contour and function adequately with a low risk of complications...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566401/hypertrophy-of-the-extra-articular-tendon-of-the-long-head-of-biceps-correlates-with-the-location-and-size-of-a-rotator-cuff-tear
#12
N Takahashi, H Sugaya, K Matsuki, H Miyauchi, M Matsumoto, M Tokai, K Onishi, S Hoshika, Y Ueda
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess hypertrophy of the extra-articular tendon of the long head of biceps (LHB) in patients with a rotator cuff tear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study involved 638 shoulders in 334 patients (175 men, 159 women, mean age 62.6 years; 25 to 81) with unilateral symptomatic rotator cuff tears. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the LHB tendon in the bicipital groove was measured pre-operatively in both shoulders using ultrasound. There were 154 asymptomatic rotator cuff tears in the contralateral shoulder...
June 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560144/biceps-tenoscopy-arthroscopic-evaluation-of-the-extra-articular-portion-of-the-long-head-of-biceps-tendon
#13
Adnan Saithna, Alison Longo, Jeff Leiter, Peter MacDonald, Jason Old
The recent literature shows that imaging modalities, physical examination tests, and glenohumeral arthroscopy all have low sensitivities and specificities with respect to the diagnosis of the long head of biceps tendon pathology. Biceps tenoscopy is a strategy that aims to reduce the rate of missed diagnoses by improving visualization of the extra-articular part of the tendon. This is an area of predilection of pathology that is not adequately visualized with conventional arthroscopic techniques. This technical note presents the surgical technique for biceps tenoscopy...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559756/multimodal-care-in-the-management-of-a-patient-with-chronic-tendinopathy-of-the-biceps-femoris-a-case-report
#14
Brett R Martin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report was to describe the use of dry needling in conjunction with auricular acupuncture, core exercises, and light aerobic activity for treating chronic tendinopathy of the biceps femoris. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 30-year-old white female presented with chronic biceps femoris tendinopathy. The injury had occurred 18 months prior while training for a triathlon. Active stretching of her right biceps femoris while standing with her feet 6 inches apart aggravated the pain at the origin in the right tendon of the biceps femoris at 0 degrees of movement...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553421/irreducible-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-with-interposition-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-and-greater-tuberosity-fracture-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Konstantinos Pantazis, Andreas Panagopoulos, Irini Tatani, Basilis Daskalopoulos, Ilias Iliopoulos, Minos Tyllianakis
BACKGROUND: Failure of closed manipulative reduction of an acute anterior shoulder dislocation is seldom reported in the literature and is usually due to structural blocks such as soft tissue entrapment (biceps, subscapularis, labrum), bony fragments (glenoid, greater tuberosity) and severe head impaction (Hill-Sachs lesion). CASE REPORT: We present a case of an irreducible anterior shoulder dislocation in a 57-year-old male patient after a road-traffic accident...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545180/anomalous-biceps-femoris-tendon-insertion-leading-to-a-snapping-knee-in-a-young-male
#16
Brett A Fritsch, Vikram Mhaskar
Snapping biceps femoris tendon is an uncommon problem that can be caused by various anatomical aberrations around the knee joint. There are several case reports in the literature describing some of these anatomical variations and their treatment. We present a case of unilateral snapping biceps femoris tendon due to a previously unreported anatomical variation, our technique for successful surgical treatment, and a review of the literature.
June 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536809/-erratum-to-refixation-of-the-biceps-tendon-onto-the-radial-tuberosity-using-two-suture-anchors
#17
C Konrads, K Rueckl, T Barthel, M Walcher, M Rudert, P Plumhoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533624/relative-and-absolute-reliability-of-ultrasound-measurements-for-the-thickness-of-the-soft-tissue-around-the-shoulder-joint-of-young-normal-subjects
#18
Nobuhisa Ohya, Takumi Yamada, Yoshinao Satoh, Hirobumi Kawamura
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of ultrasound measurements by analyzing the relative reliability and absolute reliability when measuring soft tissue thickness around the shoulder joint. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven healthy young adults (22 shoulders) participated in this study. Thickness of the supraspinatus tendon, subacromial bursa, and biceps tendon was measured on both shoulders. This protocol was performed twice in the same day. The relative reliability of ultrasound measurement was evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient for determining the degree of consistency and agreement between two measures...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530504/functional-recovery-after-rotator-cuff-repair-the-role-of-biceps-surgery
#19
Bernardo Gialanella, Francesco Grossetti, Marina Mazza, Laura Danna, Laura Comini
CONTEXT: Surgical cuff repair is indicated in full-thickness rotator cuff tear when non-operative treatment fails. Surgical cuff repair can comprehend surgery of long head of the biceps when concomitant biceps pathology is present. However, the studies executed up to now do not have yet clearly defined if additional biceps surgery affects the shoulder functionality in patients who underwent rotator cuff repair. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to verify if the concomitant biceps surgery prejudices the shoulder functionality during the short-term period in rotator cuff repair patients...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528385/instability-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-in-patients-with-rotator-cuff-tear-evaluation-on-magnetic-resonance-arthrography-of-the-shoulder-with-arthroscopic-correlation
#20
Yusuhn Kang, Joon Woo Lee, Joong Mo Ahn, Eugene Lee, Heung Sik Kang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic value of MR arthrography (MRA) in diagnosing instability of the LHBT in patients with rotator cuff tendon tear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MR arthrograms of 101 patients were retrospectively reviewed and correlated with arthroscopic findings as the standard reference. Images were evaluated for (1) the integrity of the LHBT, (2) the position of the LHBT (subluxation/dislocation on axial images, inferior displacement on oblique sagittal image) and (3) the integrity of the biceps pulley (SGHL, supraspinatus and subscapularis tendon adjacent to the rotator interval)...
May 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
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