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Cardio vascular spasms

Miki Ohta, Masahito Kobayashi, Naruhiko Terano, Kenji Wakiya, Kenji Suzuki, Takamitsu Fujimaki
BACKGROUND: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is caused by pulsative vascular compression of the root exit zone (REZ) of the facial nerve. However, the mechanism that causes the offending vessels to compress the REZ has not been clarified. Elongation of intracranial arteries due to arteriosclerosis is one possibility, but such arteriosclerotic changes are not observed very frequently among patients with HFS. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether arteriosclerotic changes would contribute to the pathogenesis of HFS...
January 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
W H Reinhart
Stroke is an ischemic event in 80% and hemorrhagic in 20%, which can be distinguished by computed tomography of the brain. Unfortunately, no routinely applicable therapy is available for stroke. Several thrombolysis studies are underway and their results will become available in the next few years. Hemodilution has been abandoned except for hematocrits above 50%. Calcium antagonists such as nimodipine reduce vascular spasms after subarachnoidal hemorrhage, but their administration after ischemic stroke is unsuccessful...
April 24, 1993: Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
V Ia Gorodinskaia, I B Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1967: Vrachebnoe Delo
K B Jedele, V V Michels, F J Puga, R H Feldt
We report on 15 patients with velo-cardiofacial syndrome who had a severe form of tetralogy of Fallot (pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and hypoplastic pulmonary arteries). Noncardiac anomalies in these patients included typical facial and ear anomalies in 15, nasal speech in 13, palate anomalies in 10, and developmental delay in 10. Seven patients had significant bronchospasm, which has not been reported in association with the velo-cardio-facial syndrome. All 15 patients had severe abnormalities of the arborization of the pulmonary arterial tree, which also has not been reported in velo-cardio-facial syndrome...
May 1992: Pediatrics
A Ulmann, L Silvestre, L Chemama, Y Rezvani, M Renault, C J Aguillaume, E E Baulieu
We report the results of a large-scale trial with mifepristone (RU 486) followed by the administration of a prostaglandin (PG) analogue for the medical termination of early pregnancy. Altogether, 16,173 patients from 300 centers were evaluated. 48 women (0.3%) were lost to follow-up prior to, and 416 (2.6%) after the PG administration, and therefore the efficacy was evaluated in 15,709 women. Overall, the success rate was 95.3%, with no statistical difference regarding the nature and dose of PG used. The median duration of bleeding was 8 days, being 12 days or less in 89...
May 1992: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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