keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric and neonatology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915311/can-we-stop-the-current-epidemic-of-blindness-from-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#1
Sourabh Dutta, Talkad Raghuveer, Anand Vinekar, Mangat Ram Dogra
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a retinal vascular disease of the premature infant. There have been significant advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis, prevention, detection and treatment of severe ROP. In developed countries, all premature infants at risk for ROP are screened routinely based on national guidelines and treatment is prompt, resulting in good visual outcomes. Blindness from ROP is a rare event in these countries. However, there is an ongoing epidemic of ROP- induced blindness in India...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882741/bacteremia-induced-by-bifidobacterium-breve-in-a-newborn-with-cloacal-exstrophy
#2
Shinichi Sato, Toshihiko Uchida, Shota Kuwana, Kazuto Sasaki, Tatsuya Watanabe, Junko Saito, Takahiro Kawaji
Bifidobacterium breve is an effective probiotic agent used in the field of neonatology. Although B. breve has been considered safe, a case of B. breve bacteremia has been reported. The pathogenic mechanism underlying the bacteremia is unknown. Herein, we report a second case of B. breve bacteremia that developed in a neonate with multiple abdominal organ anomalies. Following surgical repair immediately after birth, B. breve treatment was started. After 1 week, the infant developed B. breve bacteremia following the onset of adhesive ileus...
November 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810117/simulation-and-debriefing-in-neonatology-2016-mission-incomplete
#3
REVIEW
Louis P Halamek
Simulation can be an effective tool to facilitate the acquisition and maintenance of the cognitive, technical and behavioral skills necessary to carry out our mission in neonatology: the delivery of safe, effective and efficient care to our patients. Prominent examples of successful implementation of simulation within neonatology include the Neonatal Resuscitation Program, the International Pediatric Simulation Society, and the International Network for Simulation-Based Pediatric Innovation, Research and Education...
October 31, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801485/what-are-the-prognostic-factors-in-the-delivery-of-the-second-twin
#4
Dhia Mekki, Mechaal Mourali, Lassad Mekaouer, Faouzia Hemila, Chiraz El Fekih
Objective To evaluate the prognosis of the second twin according to different criteria (presentation, mode of delivery , term, weight, weight difference between twins ,twin to twin delivery time interval, studying the Apgar scores at birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective study of 183 parturients carrying twin pregnancies collected at the department of Obstetrics-Gynecology in Mahmoud Matri Hospital (Ariana) over a period of 9 years ( 1st January 2001 to 31st December, 2009 ) ...
May 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773712/perinatal-regionalization-a-geospatial-view-of-perinatal-critical-care-united-states-2010-2013
#5
Mary D Brantley, Nicole L Davis, David A Goodman, William M Callaghan, Wanda D Barfield
BACKGROUND: Perinatal services exist today as a dyad of maternal and neonatal care. When perinatal care is fragmented or unavailable, excess morbidity and mortality may occur in pregnant women and newborns. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe spatial relationships between women of reproductive age, individual perinatal subspecialists (maternal-fetal medicine and neonatology), and obstetric and neonatal critical care facilities in the United States to identify gaps in health care access...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703821/external-otitis-an-unusual-presentation-in-neonates
#6
Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Shima Rostami, Manelie Sadeghi
Acute otitis externa (AOE) is an infection of the external auditory canal, the auricle, and the outer surface of the tympanic membrane. Although AOE is one of the most common otologic conditions encountered in pediatric population, it is known to primarily affect children older than 2 years. We report a case of AOE caused by Staphylococcus aureus in a 23-day-old neonate. A 23-day-old female infant presented to our neonatology clinic with irritability and discharge from the right ear. There were yellow otorrhea, mild erythema, and edema of right external ear canal...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676704/recommendations-for-clinical-practice-after-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-clinical-monitoring-and-early-rehabilitation-intervention
#7
Carole Vuillerot, Mickael Dinomais, Stephane Marret, Stephane Chabrier, Thierry Debillon
Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) affects one child in 6-17 100,000-birth term neonates, most of these children will keep long-term motor and cognitive impairment. In 2014, initiated by the French Center for Pediatric Stroke in association with the French Society of Neonatology, a steering committee was created to propose clinical guidelines after NAIS. From all the relevant questions, the importance is given to long-term outcomes after a NAIS with a need for a better description of motor and cognitive outcomes after a NAIS in order to propose a more consensual monitoring for these children to improve their management...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637021/intraocular-pressure-in-premature-low-birth-weight-infants
#8
Sandeep Grover, Zimei Zhou, Shamim Haji, Wassia Khaja, Kumar Sambhav, Merrill Stass-Isern, K V Chalam
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) in premature low birth weight (LBW) infants and their correlation with gestational age (GA). METHODS: IOP and CCT were measured in premature LBW infants (defined as a birth weight ≤ 1,500 g or birth GA ≤ 30 weeks) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at the University of Florida Division of Neonatology, UF Health Jacksonville. RESULTS: Ninety eyes of 45 premature LBW infants with mean birth GA of 28...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583409/new-guidelines-for-managing-pulmonary-hypertension-what-the-pediatrician-needs-to-know
#9
Steven H Abman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pediatric pulmonary vascular disease contributes to morbidities and death in diverse clinical settings, ranging from idiopathic or heritable forms of pediatric arterial hypertension, congenital heart disease, developmental lung disorders, chronic lung disease, left heart disease, sickle cell disease, oncologic disease, and systemic disorders. Despite its impact on the clinical courses in so many diseases, information is limited on how to best approach the diagnosis and evaluation of pediatric pulmonary hypertension...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#10
EDITORIAL
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504171/investigating-the-relationship-between-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf-1-in-diabetic-mother-s-breast-milk-and-the-blood-serum-of-their-babies
#11
Abdel Hakeem Abdel Mohsen, Salem Sallam, Maggie M Ramzy, Eman Kamel Hamed
INTRODUCTION: Since research investigating IGF-1 levels in breast milk are few, the goal of this study was to analyze the IGF-1 levels in the breast milk of diabetic mothers as well as in the serum of their newborn babies and to identify what relationship exists between blood serum and IGF-1 milk levels through patient measurement of mothers and their babies. METHODS: This case control study was undertaken under the auspices of the Clinic of Neonatology at Al Minia University Pediatric Hospital over May 2012 through May 2013...
June 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479521/group-b-streptococcus-infections-in-neonates-admitted-to-a-german-nicu-emphasis-on-screening-and-adherence-to-pre-analytical-recommendations
#12
Claudia Reinheimer, Volkhard A J Kempf, Boris E Wittekindt, Antje Allendorf, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Michael Hogardt, Rolf L Schlößer, Doris Fischer
BACKGROUND: Infections by group B streptococci (GBS), e.g. Streptococcus agalactiae, presenting as early-onset disease (EOD) or late-onset disease (LOD), are leading causes of severe infections in newborn and premature patients. Although screening and intra partum antibiotic prophylaxis are frequently performed, vertically transmitted GBS remain a challenge for pediatrics. AIMS: In order to prevent or reduce potential life-threatening events, this study retrospectively investigated epidemiological, microbiological and clinical aspects of infants admitted to the Division of Neonatology at the Department of Pediatrics at the University Hospital Frankfurt, Germany (UHF)...
July 29, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476994/limit-of-viability-the-swiss-experience
#13
T M Berger, M Roth-Kleiner
Progress made in the field of perinatology over the past four decades has led to unprecedented low mortality rates for extremely low birth weight infants. However, because rates of important short-term complications and neurodevelopmental impairment among survivors have remained high, the best approach to borderline viable infants continues to be debated. Not surprisingly, guidelines from various national medical societies for the care of infants born at the limit of viability vary considerably. In 2002, the first Swiss recommendations for the care of borderline viable infants were published...
September 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473650/fellowship-training-in-the-emerging-fields-of-fetal-neonatal-neurology-and-neonatal-neurocritical-care
#14
REVIEW
Christopher D Smyser, Emily W Y Tam, Taeun Chang, Janet S Soul, Steven P Miller, Hannah C Glass
BACKGROUND: Neonatal neurocritical care is a growing and rapidly evolving medical subspecialty, with increasing numbers of dedicated multidisciplinary clinical, educational, and research programs established at academic institutions. The growth of these programs has provided trainees in neurology, neonatology, and pediatrics with increased exposure to the field, sparking interest in dedicated fellowship training in fetal-neonatal neurology. OBJECTIVES: To meet this rising demand, increasing numbers of training programs are being established to provide trainees with the requisite knowledge and skills to independently deliver care for infants with neurological injury or impairment from the fetal care center and neonatal intensive care unit to the outpatient clinic...
October 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470474/-recommendations-for-feeding-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants-after-hospital-discharge
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470178/integrative-review-of-instruments-to-measure-team-performance-during-neonatal-resuscitation-simulations-in-the-birthing-room
#16
REVIEW
Valerie Clary-Muronda, Charlene Pope
OBJECTIVE: To identify instruments appropriate to measure interprofessional team performance in neonatal resuscitation (NR), describe the validity and reliability of extant NR instruments, and determine instruments for use in interprofessional birthing room NR simulations. DATA SOURCES: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Ovid MEDLINE, Proquest, ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched. STUDY SELECTION: We used inclusion and exclusion criteria and screened 641 abstracts from January 2000 through December 2014 for relevance to the research question...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467561/cost-consciousness-among-physicians-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
D Wei, C Osman, D Dukhovny, J Romley, M Hall, S Chin, T Ho, P S Friedlich, A Lakshmanan
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were (1) to describe the prevalence and correlates of cost consciousness among physician providers in neonatology and (2) to describe knowledge of cost of common medications, laboratory/imaging evaluations, hospitalization costs and reimbursements. STUDY DESIGN: A 54-item survey was administered to members of the Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics. RESULTS: Of the 602 participants, 37% reported cost consciousness in decision making...
November 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446597/usefulness-of-ultrasound-examination-in-the-evaluation-of-a-neonate-s-body-fluid-status
#18
Joanna Kieliszczyk, Wojciech Baranowski, Wojciech Kosiak
UNLABELLED: Appropriate hydration is a very important prognostic factor for the patient's health. Ultrasonographic assessment of hydration status is rarely used in pediatric medicine and it is not used at all in neonates due to the fact that no reference values have been established for this age group. The aim of the paper was to establish reference values for neonates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life)...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434118/sustaining-careers-of-physician-scientists-in-neonatology-and-pediatric-critical-care-medicine-formulating-supportive-departmental-policies
#19
Helen Christou, Maria L V Dizon, Kathryn N Farrow, Sudarshan R Jadcherla, Kristen T Leeman, Akhil Maheshwari, Lewis P Rubin, Brian K Stansfield, David H Rowitch
Understanding mechanisms of childhood disease and development of rational therapeutics are fundamental to progress in pediatric intensive care specialties. However, Division Chiefs and Department Chairs face unique challenges when building effective laboratory-based research programs in Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care, owing to high clinical demands necessary to maintain competence as well as financial pressures arising from fund flow models and the current extramural funding climate. Given these factors, the role of institutional support that could facilitate successful transition of promising junior faculty to independent research careers is ever more important...
November 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356654/efficacy-and-safety-of-levetiracetam-in-the-management-of-seizures-in-neonates
#20
Mostafa Sedighi, Farzaneh Asadi, Nasrin Moradian, Mazyar Vakiliamini, Mohamad Moradian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam (LEV) in the management of seizures in neonates. METHODS: A prospective non-blind, single arm clinical trial conducted in the Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, Mohamad Kermanshahi, and Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran from May 2014 to December 2014. Fifty out of 60 newborns with gestational age >/=30 weeks with clinically diagnosed seizures were included...
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
keyword
keyword
15363
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"