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Anne Moehring, Ulrich Schroeders, Oliver Wilhelm
Medical education research has focused almost entirely on the education of future physicians. In comparison, findings on other health-related occupations, such as medical assistants, are scarce. With the current study, we wanted to examine the knowledge-is-power hypothesis in a real life educational setting and add to the sparse literature on medical assistants. Acquisition of vocational knowledge in vocational education and training (VET) was examined for medical assistant students ( n = 448). Differences in domain-specific vocational knowledge were predicted by crystallized and fluid intelligence in the course of VET...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Claus-Peter Richter, Hunter Young, Sonja V Richter, Virginia Smith-Bronstein, Stuart R Stock, Xianghui Xiao, Carmen Soriano, Donna S Whitlon
Exposure to noise and ototoxic drugs are responsible for much of the debilitating hearing loss experienced by about 350 million people worldwide. Beyond hearing aids and cochlear implants, there have been no other FDA approved drug interventions established in the clinic that would either protect or reverse the effects of hearing loss. Using Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) in a guinea pig model, we demonstrate that fluvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonate pathway, protects against loss of cochlear function initiated by high intensity noise...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Caroline Elizabeth Pearson, Allan J Butler, Yaqub Paul Murray
The Vet Futures Report has identified 'exceptional leadership' as a key ambition for the long-term sustainability of the industry. This research investigates what it is like to be a veterinary surgeon in an in-practice leadership position, applying the qualitative methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. Through the researchers' interpretation of the seven participants' stories of their leadership experiences, the study advances understanding of the work environment, underlying motivations and the perceived responsibilities of veterinary leaders...
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
Keith Meldrum, Bill Watson
A distinguished vet who became the UK's chief veterinary officer, dealing with issues such as salmonella in eggs and bovine spongiform encephalopathy. His passions were his family and rugby.
February 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
Caroline Bower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
C A C Prinsen, L B Mokkink, L M Bouter, J Alonso, D L Patrick, H C W de Vet, C B Terwee
PURPOSE: Systematic reviews of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) differ from reviews of interventions and diagnostic test accuracy studies and are complex. In fact, conducting a review of one or more PROMs comprises of multiple reviews (i.e., one review for each measurement property of each PROM). In the absence of guidance specifically designed for reviews on measurement properties, our aim was to develop a guideline for conducting systematic reviews of PROMs. METHODS: Based on literature reviews and expert opinions, and in concordance with existing guidelines, the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) steering committee developed a guideline for systematic reviews of PROMs...
February 12, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Massimo Baroncini, Lorenzo Casimiro, Christiaan de Vet, Jessica Groppi, Serena Silvi, Alberto Credi
Movement is one of the central attributes of life, and a key feature in many technological processes. While artificial motion is typically provided by macroscopic engines powered by internal combustion or electrical energy, movement in living organisms is produced by machines and motors of molecular size that typically exploit the energy of chemical fuels at ambient temperature to generate forces and ultimately execute functions. The progress in several areas of chemistry, together with an improved understanding of biomolecular machines, has led to the development of a large variety of wholly synthetic molecular machines...
February 2018: ChemistryOpen
K Leśniak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
(no author information available yet)
Vet Ryk Botes is a branch partner at Medivet. He has a special interest in orthopaedics and enjoys refining new techniques, most recently in elbow replacement surgery.
February 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
Becky Richardson, Young Vet Network representative on BVA Council, shares her experience of the changes to the veterinary landscape.
February 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
Every veterinary professional dedicates their career to ensuring the health and welfare of animals committed to their care. But what does this mean for the modern vet? This question, explains Erika Singh, Animal Welfare Foundation (AWF) Manager, will be explored at this year's AWF Discussion Forum.
February 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
Selene J Huntley, Michaela Mahlberg, Viola Wiegand, Yves van Gennip, Hui Yang, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
The use of corpus linguistic techniques and other related mathematical analyses have rarely, if ever, been applied to qualitative data collected from the veterinary field. The aim of this study was to explore the use of a combination of corpus linguistic analyses and mathematical methods to investigate a free-text questionnaire dataset collected from 3796 UK veterinarians on evidence-based veterinary medicine, specifically, attitudes towards practice-based research (PBR) and improving the veterinary knowledge base...
February 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
A N Murphy, N P Sheehy, P V Kavanagh
AIM: To describe and quantify the range of non-interpretive tasks engaged in by consultant radiologists in Ireland today. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple-choice electronic survey was circulated to over 200 Irish consultant radiologists and results were analysed. RESULTS: Responses were received from approximately 40% of the 267 full-time equivalent consultants in Ireland at the time of the survey. There was a wide sub-specialty mix, and responses from both clinical directors and those without designated administrative responsibility...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Inga Eichhorn, Claudia Feudi, Yang Wang, Heike Kaspar, Andrea T Feßler, Antina Lübke-Becker, Geovana Brenner Michael, Jianzhong Shen, Stefan Schwarz
Objectives: To investigate Aeromonas spp. isolates for the presence of the novel resistance gene mcr-3 or variants thereof and to characterize the positive isolates by whole genome sequence analysis. Methods: A total of 479 unrelated Aeromonas isolates were investigated by PCR for the genes mcr-1, mcr-2 and mcr-3. Positive isolates were investigated for their colistin MICs. Species assignment was based on sequence analysis of 16s rRNA and gyrB and rpoB genes. The mcr-carrying contigs obtained by WGS were analysed for the genetic environments of the mcr genes...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Sara Calhoun, Magdalena Korczynska, Daniel J Wichelecki, Brian San Francisco, Suwen Zhao, Dmitry A Rodionov, Matthew W Vetting, Nawar F Al-Obaidi, Henry Lin, Matthew J O'Meara, David A Scott, John H Morris, Daniel Russel, Steven C Almo, Andrei L Osterman, John A Gerlt, Matthew P Jacobson, Brian K Shoichet, Andrej Sali
The functions of most proteins are yet to be determined. The function of an enzyme is often defined by its interacting partners, including its substrate and product, and its role in larger metabolic networks. Here, we describe a computational method that predicts the functions of orphan enzymes by organizing them into a linear metabolic pathway. Given candidate enzyme and metabolite pathway members, this aim is achieved by finding those pathways that satisfy structural and network restraints implied by varied input information, including that from virtual screening, chemoinformatics, genomic context analysis, and ligand -binding experiments...
January 29, 2018: ELife
(no author information available yet)
Vet, Eva Granath and veterinary nurse Bethany Action have overcome hearing loss to achieve their goals, forging a successful career in the veterinary profession.
January 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Adele Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
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