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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344618/patient-and-lesion-tailored-algorithm-of-endovascular-treatment-for-arterial-occlusive-disease-of-extracranial-arteries-supplying-the-brain-safety-of-the-treatment-at-30-day-follow-up
#1
Paweł Latacz, Marian Simka, Paweł Brzegowy, Piotr Janas, Marek Kazibudzki, Piotr Pieniążek, Andrzej Ochała, Tadeusz Popiela, Tomasz Mrowiecki
INTRODUCTION: Although surgical endarterectomy remains the treatment of choice for carotid artery stenosis, stenting plays an important role as an alternative treatment modality, especially in high-risk patients. The actual safety profile associated with stenting procedures is probably better than that reported by randomized controlled trials. AIM: To assess the safety of stent implantations in extracranial arteries supplying the brain, and also to identify risk factors associated with this procedure...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#2
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183716/endothelial-dysfunction-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-elevated-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-plasma-activity-levels
#3
Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Mona F Philby, Zhuanghong Qiao, Abdelnaby Khalyfa, David Gozal
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent condition, especially in obese children, and has been associated with increased risk for endothelial dysfunction and dislipidemia, which are precursors of atherosclerosis. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular risk and atheromatous plaque activity. We hypothesized that Lp-PLA2 levels would be elevated in children with OSA, particularly among obese children who also manifest evidence of endothelial dysfunction...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099551/cholesterol-and-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-events-limits-of-a-new-frontier
#4
Luís Eduardo Teixeira de Macedo, Faerstein E
Control of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease - a highly prevalent condition and one of the main causes of mortality in Brazil and worldwide - is a recurrent subject of great interest for public health. Recently, three new guidelines on dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis prevention have been published. The close release of these important publications is a good opportunity for comparison: the Brazilian model has greater sensitivity, the English model does not work with risk stratification, and the American model may be overestimating the risk...
January 12, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076479/dietary-management-for-dyslipidemia-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#5
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Daiane D Cabeleira, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Dyslipidemia occurs in approximately 70% of all liver transplant (LT) recipients, and no prior control studies have demonstrated any dietary intervention to change it. Aim: To analyze the effects of a dietary intervention on the lipid profile of dyslipidemic LT recipients. Methods: All LT recipients with dyslipidemia on clinical follow-up were enrolled. Anthropometric evaluation, food history, body composition (bioimpedance) and assessment of basal metabolism through indirect calorimetry were performed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030919/cardiovascular-system-diseases-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-the-role-of-inflammation-process-in-this-pathology-and-possibility-of-early-diagnosis-and-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Aleksandra Marciniak, Jolanta Nawrocka Rutkowska, Agnieszka Brodowska, Berenika Wiśniewska, Andrzej Starczewski
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disorder which affects 5-10% of women in reproductive age. PCOS is a cause of hyperandrogenism, menstrual disorders and infertility. The most common clinical symptoms are hirsutism, acne and obesity. Patients often suffer from metabolic disorders: insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, dislipidemia, leading to atherosclerosis and others irregularities of the metabolic syndrome. Patients are in the high risk group for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) development because of the metabolic abnormalities...
December 23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994294/association-of-beta-2-microglobulin-with-inflammation-and-dislipidemia-in-high-flux-membrane-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Valdete Topçiu-Shufta, Ramë Miftari, Valdete Haxhibeqiri, Shpend Haxhibeqiri
BACKGROUND: Higher than expected cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients, has been attributed to dyslipidemia as well as inflammation. Beta2-Microglobulin (β2M) is an independent predictor of outcome for hemodialysis patients and a representative substance of middle molecules. RESULTS: In 40 patients in high-flux membrane hemodialysis, we found negative correlation of β2M with high density lipoprotein (r=-0.73, p<0.001) and albumin (r= -0.53, p<0...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828688/the-polymorphism-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-is-important-for-metabolic-consequences-associated-with-menopause
#8
Jarosław Pinkas, Mariusz Gujski, Anna Wierzbińska-Stępniak, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
Menopause is associated with multiple health and metabolic consequences resulting from the decrease in estrogens level. Women at postmenopausal age are burdened with a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, and the main cause of mortality in this group is ischemic heart disease. Estrogen deficiency is related, among other things, with frequent occurrence of dislipidemia, cessation of the beneficial effect of estrogens on the vascular wall, increase in body weight characterized by unfavourable redistribution of fatty tissue, with an increased amount of visceral fat and reduction of so-called non-fatty body mass...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759783/estimating-basal-energy-expenditure-in-liver-transplant-recipients-the-value-of-the-harris-benedict-equation
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Mario R Álvares-DA-Silva, Alexandre de Araújo, Luciano S Guimarães, Ian Leipnitz, Aljamir D Chedid, Cleber R P Kruel, Tomaz J M Grezzana-Filho, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Reliable measurement of basal energy expenditure (BEE) in liver transplant (LT) recipients is necessary for adapting energy requirements, improving nutritional status and preventing weight gain. Indirect calorimetry (IC) is the gold standard for measuring BEE. However, BEE may be estimated through alternative methods, including electrical bioimpedance (BI), Harris-Benedict Equation (HBE), and Mifflin-St. Jeor Equation (MSJ) that carry easier applicability and lower cost. Aim: To determine which of the three alternative methods for BEE estimation (HBE, BI and MSJ) would provide most reliable BEE estimation in LT recipients...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683769/effects-of-long-term-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-on-body-weight-and-clinical-metabolic-comorbidities-in-bariatric-surgery-service-of-a-university-hospital
#10
Cátia Ferreira da Silva, Larissa Cohen, Luciana d'Abreu Sarmento, Felipe Monnerat Marino Rosa, Eliane Lopes Rosado, João Régis Ivar Carneiro, Antônio Augusto Peixoto de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno
Background: Due to the high failure rate observed in the clinical treatment of morbid obesity an increase in bariatric surgery indications, as an alternative for the control of obesity and comorbidities, is noticeable. Aim: To evaluate the performance of type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in late follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 59 patients included in the bariatric surgery program...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683768/effect-of-size-of-intestinal-diversions-in-obese-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-submitted-to-gastric-bypass
#11
Rafael Jacques Ramos, Cláudio Corá Mottin, Letícia Biscaino Alves, Daniela Benzano, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin
Background: There is no consensus on the ideal size of intestinal loops in gastric bypass of bariatric surgeries. Aim: To evaluate the metabolic outcome of patients submitted to gastric bypass with alimentary and biliopancreatic loops of different sizes. Methods: Was conducted a retrospective cohort study in diabetic obese patients (BMI≥35 kg/m2) with metabolic syndrome submitted to gastric bypass. The patients were divided into three groups according to the size of the intestinal loop: group 1, biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 100 cm length; group 2 , biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length; and group 3, biliopancreatic limb 100 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603885/-adult
#12
María Del Pilar Milke-García
Adulthood starts after youth and is characterized by the completion of growth and the achievement of organic and psychological maturity. Obesity and other preventable diseases related to lifestyle are common at this age. A complete, balanced and sufficient diet, together with exercise are important in order to prevent and treat these diseases. Several studies have brought about the mechanisms by which the incorporation of milk and dairy products to diet is beneficial in order to prevent and treat these diseases...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540482/do-arterial-stiffness-and-wave-reflection-underlie-cardiovascular-risk-in-ethnic-minorities
#13
REVIEW
Luca Faconti, Elisa Nanino, Charlotte E Mills, Kennedy J Cruickshank
Increasing evidence indicates that remarkable differences in cardiovascular risk between ethnic groups cannot be fully explained by traditional risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes or dislipidemia measured in midlife. Therefore, the underlying pathophysiology leading to this "excess risk" in ethnic minority groups is still poorly understood, and one way to address this issue is to shift the focus from "risk" to examine target organs, particularly blood vessels and their arterial properties more directly...
January 2016: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535258/how-obesity-affects-tendons
#14
Michele Abate, Vincenzo Salini, Isabel Andia
Several epidemiological and clinical observations have definitely demonstrated that obesity has harmful effects on tendons. The pathogenesis of tendon damage is multi-factorial. In addition to overload, attributable to the increased body weight, which significantly affects load-bearing tendons, systemic factors play a relevant role. Several bioactive peptides (chemerin, leptin, adiponectin and others) are released by adipocytes, and influence tendon structure by means of negative activities on mesenchymal cells...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508917/effectiveness-of-personalized-face-to-face-and-telephone-nursing-counseling-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Vivian Vílchez Barboza, Tatiana Paravic Klijn, Alide Salazar Molina, Katia Lorena Sáez Carrillo
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effect and gender differences of an innovative intervention involving in-person and telephone nursing counseling to control cardiovascular risk factors (arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, and overweight), improve health-related quality of life and strengthen self-efficacy and social support in persons using the municipal health centers' cardiovascular health program. METHOD: a randomized controlled clinical trial involving participants randomized into the intervention group who received traditional consultation plus personalized and telephone nursing counseling for 7 months (n = 53) and the control group (n = 56)...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406317/effects-of-salicylic-acid-induced-wine-rich-in-anthocyanins-on-metabolic-parameters-and-adipose-insulin-signaling-in-high-fructose-fed-rats
#16
Cecilia Rodriguez Lanzi, Inés de Rosas, Diahann J Perdicaro, María Teresa Ponce, Liliana Martinez, Roberto M Miatello, Bruno Cavagnaro, Marcela A Vazquez Prieto
We evaluated the effects of Syrah red wine treated with salicylic acid (RW SA) and its control red wine (RW) on metabolic parameters, systolic blood pressure and adipose tissue insulin signaling in high-fructose (F) fed rats. Grape treated with SA increased the anthocyanin (ANTs) levels in RW. F induced increased systolic blood pressure, dislipidemia and insulin resistance (HOMA:IR). F rats treated with RW significantly prevented these alterations while RW SA partially attenuated triglycerides levels and HOMA:IR without modifications in HDL cholesterol levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383930/risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-copd-mild-to-moderate-copd-versus-severe-to-very-severe-copd
#17
Laura Miranda de Oliveira Caram, Renata Ferrari, Cristiane Roberta Naves, Liana Sousa Coelho, Simone Alves do Vale, Suzana Erico Tanni, Irma Godoy
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the prevalence of comorbidities and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in COPD patients according to disease severity. METHODS: The study included 25 patients with mild-to-moderate COPD (68% male; mean age, 65 ± 8 years; mean FEV1, 73 ± 15% of predicted) and 25 with severe-to-very severe COPD (males, 56%; mean age, 69 ± 9 years; mean FEV1, 40 ± 18% of predicted). Comorbidities were recorded on the basis of data obtained from medical charts and clinical evaluations...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197097/-chronic-low-back-pain-and-associated-risk-factors-in-patients-with-social-security-medical-attention-a-case-control-study
#18
Jaime Jesús Durán-Nah, Carlos René Benítez-Rodríguez, Emilio Jesús Miam-Viana
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is frequently seen in the orthopedic outpatient consultation. The aim of this paper is to identify risk factors associated with CLBP in patients cared for during the year 2012, at a General Hospital belonging to Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, in Yucatán, Mexico. METHODS: Data of 95 patients with CLBP (cases) was compared with data of 190 patients without CLBP (controls) using a binary logistic model (BLM), from which odd ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) were obtained...
July 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079341/diabetic-dyslipidemia-review-an-update-on-current-concepts-and-management-guidelines-of-diabetic-dyslipidemia
#19
REVIEW
Andrew W Dake, Nicoleta D Sora
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes and the major source of cost in the care of diabetes. Treatment of dyslipidemia with cholesterol-lowering medications has been shown to decrease cardiovascular events. However, available guidelines for the treatment of dyslipidemia often contain significant differences in their recommendations. METHODS: Lipid guidelines from National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American Diabetes Association and American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology were reviewed...
April 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030348/the-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-italian-psychiatric-sample-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-inpatients-treated-with-antipsychotics
#20
Ilaria Santini, Paolo Stratta, Simona D'Onofrio, Ida De Lauretis, Valeria Santarelli, Francesca Pacitti, Alessandro Rossi
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is an area of interest for mental health research because individuals with mental illnesses have an increased risk of medical morbidity and mortality compared with the general population. This cross-sectional study is aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an Italian psychiatric sample, treated with different types of antipsychotics. METHODS: The data were derived from medical records of patient with affective and non-affective psychosis, admitted to the Hospital of L'Aquila psychiatric ward, from January 2012 to July 2014...
January 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
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