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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828688/the-polymorphism-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-is-important-for-metabolic-consequences-associated-with-menopause
#1
Jarosław Pinkas, Mariusz Gujski, Anna Wierzbińska-Stępniak, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
Menopause is associated with multiple health and metabolic consequences resulting from the decrease in estrogens level. Women at postmenopausal age are burdened with a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, and the main cause of mortality in this group is ischemic heart disease. Estrogen deficiency is related, among other things, with frequent occurrence of dislipidemia, cessation of the beneficial effect of estrogens on the vascular wall, increase in body weight characterized by unfavourable redistribution of fatty tissue, with an increased amount of visceral fat and reduction of so-called non-fatty body mass...
November 9, 2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759783/estimating-basal-energy-expenditure-in-liver-transplant-recipients-the-value-of-the-harris-benedict-equation
#2
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Mario R Álvares-DA-Silva, Alexandre de Araújo, Luciano S Guimarães, Ian Leipnitz, Aljamir D Chedid, Cleber R P Kruel, Tomaz J M Grezzana-Filho, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Reliable measurement of basal energy expenditure (BEE) in liver transplant (LT) recipients is necessary for adapting energy requirements, improving nutritional status and preventing weight gain. Indirect calorimetry (IC) is the gold standard for measuring BEE. However, BEE may be estimated through alternative methods, including electrical bioimpedance (BI), Harris-Benedict Equation (HBE), and Mifflin-St. Jeor Equation (MSJ) that carry easier applicability and lower cost. Aim: To determine which of the three alternative methods for BEE estimation (HBE, BI and MSJ) would provide most reliable BEE estimation in LT recipients...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683769/effects-of-long-term-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-on-body-weight-and-clinical-metabolic-comorbidities-in-bariatric-surgery-service-of-a-university-hospital
#3
Cátia Ferreira da Silva, Larissa Cohen, Luciana d'Abreu Sarmento, Felipe Monnerat Marino Rosa, Eliane Lopes Rosado, João Régis Ivar Carneiro, Antônio Augusto Peixoto de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno
Background: Due to the high failure rate observed in the clinical treatment of morbid obesity an increase in bariatric surgery indications, as an alternative for the control of obesity and comorbidities, is noticeable. Aim: To evaluate the performance of type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in late follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 59 patients included in the bariatric surgery program...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683768/effect-of-size-of-intestinal-diversions-in-obese-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-submitted-to-gastric-bypass
#4
Rafael Jacques Ramos, Cláudio Corá Mottin, Letícia Biscaino Alves, Daniela Benzano, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin
Background: There is no consensus on the ideal size of intestinal loops in gastric bypass of bariatric surgeries. Aim: To evaluate the metabolic outcome of patients submitted to gastric bypass with alimentary and biliopancreatic loops of different sizes. Methods: Was conducted a retrospective cohort study in diabetic obese patients (BMI≥35 kg/m2) with metabolic syndrome submitted to gastric bypass. The patients were divided into three groups according to the size of the intestinal loop: group 1, biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 100 cm length; group 2 , biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length; and group 3, biliopancreatic limb 100 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603885/-adult
#5
María Del Pilar Milke-García
Adulthood starts after youth and is characterized by the completion of growth and the achievement of organic and psychological maturity. Obesity and other preventable diseases related to lifestyle are common at this age. A complete, balanced and sufficient diet, together with exercise are important in order to prevent and treat these diseases. Several studies have brought about the mechanisms by which the incorporation of milk and dairy products to diet is beneficial in order to prevent and treat these diseases...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540482/do-arterial-stiffness-and-wave-reflection-underlie-cardiovascular-risk-in-ethnic-minorities
#6
REVIEW
Luca Faconti, Elisa Nanino, Charlotte E Mills, Kennedy J Cruickshank
Increasing evidence indicates that remarkable differences in cardiovascular risk between ethnic groups cannot be fully explained by traditional risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes or dislipidemia measured in midlife. Therefore, the underlying pathophysiology leading to this "excess risk" in ethnic minority groups is still poorly understood, and one way to address this issue is to shift the focus from "risk" to examine target organs, particularly blood vessels and their arterial properties more directly...
January 2016: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535258/how-obesity-affects-tendons
#7
Michele Abate, Vincenzo Salini, Isabel Andia
Several epidemiological and clinical observations have definitely demonstrated that obesity has harmful effects on tendons. The pathogenesis of tendon damage is multi-factorial. In addition to overload, attributable to the increased body weight, which significantly affects load-bearing tendons, systemic factors play a relevant role. Several bioactive peptides (chemerin, leptin, adiponectin and others) are released by adipocytes, and influence tendon structure by means of negative activities on mesenchymal cells...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508917/effectiveness-of-personalized-face-to-face-and-telephone-nursing-counseling-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Vivian Vílchez Barboza, Tatiana Paravic Klijn, Alide Salazar Molina, Katia Lorena Sáez Carrillo
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effect and gender differences of an innovative intervention involving in-person and telephone nursing counseling to control cardiovascular risk factors (arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, and overweight), improve health-related quality of life and strengthen self-efficacy and social support in persons using the municipal health centers' cardiovascular health program. METHOD: a randomized controlled clinical trial involving participants randomized into the intervention group who received traditional consultation plus personalized and telephone nursing counseling for 7 months (n = 53) and the control group (n = 56)...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406317/effects-of-salicylic-acid-induced-wine-rich-in-anthocyanins-on-metabolic-parameters-and-adipose-insulin-signaling-in-high-fructose-fed-rats
#9
Cecilia Rodriguez Lanzi, Inés de Rosas, Diahann J Perdicaro, María Teresa Ponce, Liliana Martinez, Roberto M Miatello, Bruno Cavagnaro, Marcela A Vazquez Prieto
We evaluated the effects of Syrah red wine treated with salicylic acid (RW SA) and its control red wine (RW) on metabolic parameters, systolic blood pressure and adipose tissue insulin signaling in high-fructose (F) fed rats. Grape treated with SA increased the anthocyanin (ANTs) levels in RW. F induced increased systolic blood pressure, dislipidemia and insulin resistance (HOMA:IR). F rats treated with RW significantly prevented these alterations while RW SA partially attenuated triglycerides levels and HOMA:IR without modifications in HDL cholesterol levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383930/risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-copd-mild-to-moderate-copd-versus-severe-to-very-severe-copd
#10
Laura Miranda de Oliveira Caram, Renata Ferrari, Cristiane Roberta Naves, Liana Sousa Coelho, Simone Alves do Vale, Suzana Erico Tanni, Irma Godoy
Objective: To assess and compare the prevalence of comorbidities and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in COPD patients according to disease severity. Methods: The study included 25 patients with mild-to-moderate COPD (68% male; mean age, 65 ± 8 years; mean FEV1, 73 ± 15% of predicted) and 25 with severe-to-very severe COPD (males, 56%; mean age, 69 ± 9 years; mean FEV1, 40 ± 18% of predicted). Comorbidities were recorded on the basis of data obtained from medical charts and clinical evaluations...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197097/-chronic-low-back-pain-and-associated-risk-factors-in-patients-with-social-security-medical-attention-a-case-control-study
#11
Jaime Jesús Durán-Nah, Carlos René Benítez-Rodríguez, Emilio Jesús Miam-Viana
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is frequently seen in the orthopedic outpatient consultation. The aim of this paper is to identify risk factors associated with CLBP in patients cared for during the year 2012, at a General Hospital belonging to Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, in Yucatán, Mexico. METHODS: Data of 95 patients with CLBP (cases) was compared with data of 190 patients without CLBP (controls) using a binary logistic model (BLM), from which odd ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) were obtained...
July 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079341/diabetic-dyslipidemia-review-an-update-on-current-concepts-and-management-guidelines-of-diabetic-dyslipidemia
#12
REVIEW
Andrew W Dake, Nicoleta D Sora
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes and the major source of cost in the care of diabetes. Treatment of dyslipidemia with cholesterol-lowering medications has been shown to decrease cardiovascular events. However, available guidelines for the treatment of dyslipidemia often contain significant differences in their recommendations. METHODS: Lipid guidelines from National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American Diabetes Association and American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology were reviewed...
April 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030348/the-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-italian-psychiatric-sample-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-inpatients-treated-with-antipsychotics
#13
Ilaria Santini, Paolo Stratta, Simona D'Onofrio, Ida De Lauretis, Valeria Santarelli, Francesca Pacitti, Alessandro Rossi
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is an area of interest for mental health research because individuals with mental illnesses have an increased risk of medical morbidity and mortality compared with the general population. This cross-sectional study is aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an Italian psychiatric sample, treated with different types of antipsychotics. METHODS: The data were derived from medical records of patient with affective and non-affective psychosis, admitted to the Hospital of L'Aquila psychiatric ward, from January 2012 to July 2014...
January 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891263/identification-of-by-products-in-support-of-process-development-of-muraglitazar
#14
Charles Pathirana, Andrew Rusowicz, Russell Suda, Shankar Swaminathan, Venkatapuram Palaniswamy
Muraglitazar was being developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb for the treatment for type 2 diabetes and dislipidemia. Process optimization included the minimization of the by-products. This endeavor was greatly facilitated by a clear understanding of by-product identity. By-products were isolated by preparative chromatography and identified using NMR and MS. The identified structures of the by-products provided useful information about the undesired side reactions, which were then minimized or eliminated by altering the reaction conditions appropriately...
February 17, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26858794/epicardial-adipose-tissue-thickness-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-and-the-relationship-thereof-with-visceral-adipose-tissue-thickness
#15
Dilek Arpaci, Aysel Gurkan Tocoglu, Sabiye Yilmaz, Sumeyye Korkmaz, Hasan Ergenc, Huseyin Gunduz, Nurgul Keser, Ali Tamer
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is associated with cardiovascular metabolic syndromes, especially dislipidemia and abdominal obesity. Visceral abdominal adipose tissue (VAAT) and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) have the same ontogenic origin and produce many proinflammatory and proatherogenic cytokines. We evaluated EAT and VAAT thickness in patients with SH. METHODS: Forty-one patients with SH and 35 controls were included in the study. Demographical and anthropometric features of both patients and controls were recorded...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612761/clustering-of-immunological-metabolic-and-genetic-features-in-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-evidence-from-principal-component-analysis
#16
Giovanni Mario Pes, Alessandro Palmerio Delitala, Alessandra Errigo, Giuseppe Delitala, Maria Pina Dore
Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) which accounts for more than 10 % of all cases of diabetes is characterized by onset after age 30, absence of ketoacidosis, insulin independence for at least 6 months, and presence of circulating islet-cell antibodies. Its marked heterogeneity in clinical features and immunological markers suggests the existence of multiple mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis. The principal component (PC) analysis is a statistical approach used for finding patterns in data of high dimension...
June 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545644/effect-of-chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-consumption-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#17
Cynthia de Souza Ferreira, Lucilia de Fátima dd Sousa Fomes, Gilze Espirito Santo da Silva, Glorimar Rosa
INTRODUCTION: chia is a seed rich in such nutrients as proteins, n-3 fatty acids and especially alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), minerals, fibers and antioxidants. Efforts have been made to assess whether human consumption of chia can reduce cardiovascular risk factors; however, it has not been established as effective and the findings of the few studies to have looked into the matter are inconsistent. AIM: to systematize the findings of studies assessing the effect the consumption of chia seed, either milled or whole, has in the prevention/control of cardiovascular risk factors in humans...
November 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26318108/increased-plasma-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-activities-are-associated-with-high-prevalence-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-chinese-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
T P Zheng, Y H Liu, L X Yang, S H Qin, H B Liu
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dislipidemia, oxidative stress and inflammation are well-documented risk factors for subclinical atherosclerosis. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4(DPP4) is a newly identified adipokine related to these risk factors. Hence, we aimed to investigate the association between plasma DPP4 activities and subclinical atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 985 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic subjects were studied. Plasma DPP4 activity, mannose 6-phosphate receptor (M6P-R), oxidative stress parameters, inflammatory markers and common carotid artery Intima-Media Thickness (c-IMT) were measured in all participants...
October 2015: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26268053/-evaluation-of-the-application-of-non-statins-treatment-for-dislipidemia
#19
EDITORIAL
Shuiping Zhao, Yaqin Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187944/recurrence-of-superficial-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-varicose-veins
#20
Christos Karathanos, Konstantinos Spanos, Vassileios Saleptsis, Aspasia Tsezou, Despina Kyriakou, Athanasios D Giannoukas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate which factors other than history of superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) are associated with recurrent spontaneous SVT episodes in patients with varicose veins (VVs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a history of spontaneous SVT and VVs were followed up for a mean period of 55 months. Demographics, comorbidities, and thrombophilia screening test were analyzed. Patients were grouped according to the clinical-etiology-anatomy-pathophysiology classification...
August 2016: Phlebology
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