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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445991/human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-expression-is-more-important-than-bacillus-calmette-guerin-treatment-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-t1g3-bladder-cancer
#1
Luigi Cormio, Francesca Sanguedolce, Antonella Cormio, Paolo Massenio, Maria Carmela Pedicillo, Simona Cagiano, Giuseppe Calò, Vincenzo Pagliarulo, Giuseppe Carrieri, Pantaleo Bufo
In the present study we tested the role of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 (HER-2) expression, as assayed by immunohistochemistry, in predicting recurrence and progression in 67 patients with T1G3 BC having undergone transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) alone (33) or TURBT + Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) instillations (34). All patients had a negative restaging TURBT within 4 months after the first TURBT. At median follow-up of 75.7 months, the overall disease-free and progression-free rates were 35...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445989/tmprss2-erg-gene-fusion-variants-induce-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#2
Leonie Ratz, Mark Laible, Lukasz A Kacprzyk, Stephanie M Wittig-Blaich, Yanis Tolstov, Stefan Duensing, Peter Altevogt, Sabine M Klauck, Holger Sültmann
TMPRSS2:ERG (T/E) gene fusions are present in approximately 50% of all prostate cancer (PCa) cases. The expression of fusion mRNAs from distinct T/E variants is associated with clinicopathological parameters, while the underlying molecular processes remain unclear. We characterized the molecular mechanisms and functional implications caused by doxycycline (Dox)-inducible overexpression of the frequent T/E III and VI fusion variants in LNCaP cells. Induction of T/E expression resulted in increased cellular migratory and invasive potential, and reduced proliferation and accumulation in G1 phase...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445968/usp22-knockdown-enhanced-chemosensitivity-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-to-5-fu-by-up-regulation-of-smad4-and-suppression-of-akt
#3
Jing Zhang, Nan Luo, Yu Tian, Jiazhi Li, Xiaozhou Yang, Huimin Yin, Congshu Xiao, Jie Sheng, Yang Li, Bo Tang, Rongkuan Li
USP22, a member of the deubiquitinases (DUBs) family, is known to be a key subunit of the human Spt-Ada-Gcn5 acetyltransferase (hSAGA) transcriptional cofactor complex. Within hSAGA, USP22 removes ubiquitin from histone proteins, thus regulating the transcription and expression of downstream genes. USP22 plays important roles in many cancers; however, its effect and the mechanism underlying HCC chemoresistance remain unclear. In the present study, we found that USP22 was highly expressed in chemoresistant HCC tissues and cells and was correlated with the prognosis of HCC patients who received chemotherapy...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445928/regulation-of-angiogenic-behaviors-by-oxytocin-receptor-through-gli1-indcued-transcription-of-hif-1%C3%AE-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#4
Ji Zhu, Huiyan Wang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Yin Xie
Angiogenesis is a dynamic hypoxia-stimulated process playing a key role in tissue growth and repair under various pathophysiological circumstances. Abnormal angiogenesis contributes to the pathogenesis of many human diseases. Oxytocin receptor is a classical G-protein-coupled receptor expressed on endothelial cells. The present study was aimed to investigate how oxytocin receptor regulated the angiogenic behaviors of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that oxytocin at 0.1μM significantly increased cell proliferation, upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of CD31 and vWF (two important endothelial markers), and enhanced the tuber formation capacity in HUVECs...
April 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445844/upregulation-of-mir-142-3p-improves-drug-sensitivity-of-acute-myelogenous-leukemia-through-reducing-p-glycoprotein-and-repressing-autophagy-by-targeting-hmgb1
#5
Yuan Zhang, Yufeng Liu, Xueju Xu
miR-142-3p was reported to be downregulated in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and acted as a novel diagnostic marker. However, the regulatory effect of miR-142-3p on drug resistance of AML cells and its underlying mechanism have not been elucidated. Here, we found that miR-142-3p was significantly downregulated and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was dramatically upregulated in AML samples and cells, as well as drug-resistant AML cells. P-gp level and autophagy were markedly enhanced in HL-60/ADR and HL-60/ATRA cells...
April 23, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445532/use-of-molecular-markers-in-identification-and-characterization-of-resistance-to-rice-blast-in-india
#6
Manoj Kumar Yadav, Aravindan S, Umakanta Ngangkham, H N Shubudhi, Manas Kumar Bag, Totan Adak, Sushmita Munda, Sanghamitra Samantaray, Mayabini Jena
Rice blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae is one of the most destructive disease causing huge losses to rice yield in different parts of the world. Therefore, an attempt has been made to find out the resistance by screening and studying the genetic diversity of eighty released rice varieties by National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack (NRVs) using molecular markers linked to twelve major blast resistance (R) genes viz Pib, Piz, Piz-t, Pik, Pik-p, Pikm Pik-h, Pita/Pita-2, Pi2, Pi9, Pi1 and Pi5. Out of which, nineteen varieties (23...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445528/baicalein-protects-rat-insulinoma-ins-1-cells-from-palmitate-induced-lipotoxicity-by-inducing-ho-1
#7
Hyun Jeong Kwak, Dongki Yang, Yongha Hwang, Hee-Sook Jun, Hyae Gyeong Cheon
OBJECTIVE: β-Cell dysfunction plays a central role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and the identification of novel approaches to improve β-cell function is essential to treat this disease. Baicalein, a flavonoid originally isolated from the root of Scutellaria Baicalensis, has been shown to have beneficial effects on β-cell function. Here, the authors investigated the molecular mechanism responsible for the protective effects of baicalein against palmitate (PA)-induced impaired β-cell function, and placed focus on the role of heme oxygenase (HO)-1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445515/correlation-of-histopathologic-characteristics-to-protein-expression-and-function-in-malignant-melanoma
#8
Charlotte Welinder, Krzysztof Pawłowski, A Marcell Szasz, Maria Yakovleva, Yutaka Sugihara, Johan Malm, Göran Jönsson, Christian Ingvar, Lotta Lundgren, Bo Baldetorp, Håkan Olsson, Melinda Rezeli, Thomas Laurell, Elisabet Wieslander, György Marko-Varga
BACKGROUND: Metastatic melanoma is still one of the most prevalent skin cancers, which upon progression has neither a prognostic marker nor a specific and lasting treatment. Proteomic analysis is a versatile approach with high throughput data and results that can be used for characterizing tissue samples. However, such analysis is hampered by the complexity of the disease, heterogeneity of patients, tumors, and samples themselves. With the long term aim of quest for better diagnostics biomarkers, as well as predictive and prognostic markers, we focused on relating high resolution proteomics data to careful histopathological evaluation of the tumor samples and patient survival information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445484/transcriptome-analysis-of-creeping-bentgrass-exposed-to-drought-stress-and-polyamine-treatment
#9
Yingmei Ma, Vijaya Shukla, Emily B Merewitz
Creeping bentgrass is an important cool-season turfgrass species sensitive to drought. Treatment with polyamines (PAs) has been shown to improve drought tolerance; however, the mechanism is not yet fully understood. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate transcriptome changes of creeping bentgrass in response to drought and exogenous spermidine (Spd) application using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). The high-quality sequences were assembled and 18,682 out of 49,190 (38%) were detected as coding sequences. A total of 22% and 19% of genes were found to be either up- or down-regulated due to drought while 20% and 34% genes were either up- or down- regulated in response to Spd application under drought conditions, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445153/increased-risk-of-brain-metastases-in-women-with-breast-cancer-and-p16-expression-in-metastatic-lymph-nodes
#10
Elise Furet, Morad El Bouchtaoui, Jean-Paul Feugeas, Catherine Miquel, Christophe Leboeuf, Clémentine Beytout, Philippe Bertheau, Emilie Le Rhun, Jacques Bonneterre, Anne Janin, Guilhem Bousquet
PURPOSE: Metastatic breast cancer is a leading cause of mortality in women, partly on account of brain metastases. However, the mechanisms by which cancer cells cross the blood-brain barrier remain undeciphered. Most molecular studies predicting metastatic risk have been performed on primary breast cancer samples. Here we studied metastatic lymph-nodes from patients with breast cancers to identify markers associated with the occurrence of brain metastases. RESULTS: Transcriptomic analyses identified CDKN2A/p16 as a gene potentially associated with brain metastases...
April 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445152/multiplexed-gene-expression-profiling-identifies-the-fgfr4-pathway-as-a-novel-biomarker-in-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#11
Changhoon Yoo, Jihoon Kang, Deokhoon Kim, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Baek-Yeol Ryoo, Seung-Mo Hong, Jung Jin Hwang, Seong-Yun Jeong, Shin Hwang, Ki-Hun Kim, Young-Joo Lee, Klaus P Hoeflich, Oleg Schmidt-Kittler, Stephen Miller, Eun Kyung Choi
BACKGROUND: The fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) pathway is an essential regulatory component of bile acid synthesis, and its relationship with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been reported. We investigated the gene expression and clinical significance of FGFR4 and related pathways in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA). RESULTS: The median age was 56 years (range 30-78) and 34 patients (74%) were male. Six patients (13%) had hepatitis B virus infection, with or without liver cirrhosis...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445137/monitoring-of-kras-mutated-ctdna-to-discriminate-pseudo-progression-from-true-progression-during-anti-pd-1-treatment-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#12
Nicolas Guibert, Julien Mazieres, Myriam Delaunay, Anne Casanova, Magali Farella, Laura Keller, Gilles Favre, Anne Pradines
OBJECTIVES: Pseudo-progression is a rare but worrying situation for both clinicians and patients during immunotherapy. Dedicated ir-RECIST criteria have been established to improve this situation. However, this can be sometimes considered inadequate and patients experiencing true progression may then receive inefficient treatments. Additional reliable tools to discriminate pseudo from true progression are thus needed. So far, no biomarker has been identified to distinguish pseudo from true progression...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444885/hypoxia-induced-apoptosis-of-mouse-spermatocytes-is-mediated-by-hif-1%C3%AE-through-a-death-receptor-pathway-and-a-mitochondrial-pathway
#13
Jun Yin, Bing Ni, Wei-Gong Liao, Yu-Qi Gao
Hypoxia in vivo induces oligozoospermia, azoospermia and degeneration of the germinal epithelium, but the underlying molecular mechanism of this induction is not fully clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the death receptor pathway and the mitochondrial pathway in hypoxia-induced apoptosis of mouse GC-2spd (GC-2) cells and the relationship between HIF-1α and apoptosis of GC-2 cells induced by hypoxia. GC-2 cells were subjected to 1% oxygen for 48 h. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, TUNEL staining, LDH, caspase-3/8/9 in the absence and presence of HIF-1α siRNA...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444874/prognostic-impact-of-chromosomal-aberrations-and-gnaq-gna11-and-bap1-mutations-in-uveal-melanoma
#14
Kjersti M Staby, Karsten Gravdal, Sverre J Mørk, Steffen Heegaard, Olav K Vintermyr, Jørgen Krohn
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinico-pathological and molecular prognostic factors in a well-defined series of posterior uveal melanoma (UM) with focus on chromosomal aberrations and mutations in the GNAQ, GNA11 and BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) genes. METHODS: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples were obtained from 50 consecutive eyes enucleated for UM between 1993 and 2005. The material was tested for loss of chromosome 3 and gain of chromosome 8q gene signatures by selective molecular gene markers using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and for DNA mutations in the GNAQ, GNA11 and BAP1 genes...
April 26, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444839/age-dependent-alterations-in-osteoblast-and-osteoclast-activity-in-human-cancellous-bone
#15
Mustafa Becerikli, Henriette Jaurich, Jessica Schira, Matthias Schulte, Carmen Döbele, Christoph Wallner, Stephanie Abraham, Johannes M Wagner, Mehran Dadras, Ulrich Kneser, Marcus Lehnhardt, Björn Behr
It is assumed that the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts is decreased in bone tissue of aged individuals. However, detailed investigation of the molecular signature of human bone from young compared to aged individuals confirming this assumption is lacking. In this study, quantitative expression analysis of genes related to osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis of human cancellous bone derived from the distal radius of young and aged individuals was performed. Furthermore, we additionally performed immunohistochemical stainings...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444814/chronic-antibody-mediated-rejection-in-nonhuman-primate-renal-allografts-validation-of-human-histological-and-molecular-phenotypes
#16
B A Adam, R N Smith, I A Rosales, M Matsunami, B Afzali, T Oura, A B Cosimi, T Kawai, R B Colvin, M Mengel
Molecular testing represents a promising adjunct for the diagnosis of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). Here we apply a novel gene expression platform in sequential formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples from nonhuman primate (NHP) renal transplants. We analyzed 34 previously-described gene transcripts related to AMR in humans in 197 archival NHP samples, including 102 from recipients that developed chronic AMR, 80 from recipients without AMR, and 15 normal native nephrectomies. Three endothelial genes (VWF, DARC, CAV1), derived from 10-fold cross-validation ROC curve analysis, demonstrated excellent discrimination between AMR and non-AMR samples (AUC=0...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444211/effects-of-sample-size-and-full-sibs-on-genetic-diversity-characterization-a-case-study-of-three-syntopic-iberian-pond-breeding-amphibians
#17
Gregorio Sánchez-Montes, Arturo H Ariño, José L Vizmanos, Jinliang Wang, Íñigo Martínez-Solano
Accurate characterization of genetic diversity is essential for understanding population demography, predicting future trends and implementing efficient conservation policies. For that purpose, molecular markers are routinely developed for non-model species, but key questions regarding sampling design, like calculation of minimum sample sizes or the effect of relatives in the sample, are often neglected. We used accumulation curves and sibship analyses to explore how these two factors affect marker performance in the characterization of genetic diversity...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443113/barcode-system-for-genetic-identification-of-soybean-glycine-max-l-merrill-cultivars-using-indel-markers-specific-to-dense-variation-blocks
#18
Hwang-Bae Sohn, Su-Jeong Kim, Tae-Young Hwang, Hyang-Mi Park, Yu-Young Lee, Kesavan Markkandan, Dongwoo Lee, Sunghoon Lee, Su-Young Hong, Yun-Ho Song, Bon-Cheol Koo, Yul-Ho Kim
For genetic identification of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] cultivars, insertions/deletions (InDel) markers have been preferred currently because they are easy to use, co-dominant and relatively abundant. Despite their biological importance, the investigation of InDels with proven quality and reproducibility has been limited. In this study, we described soybean barcode system approach based on InDel makers, each of which is specific to a dense variation block (dVB) with non-random recombination due to many variations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442449/comparative-proteomics-of-hydatid-fluids-from-two-echinococcus-multilocularis-isolates
#19
Karina M Monteiro, Karina R Lorenzatto, Jeferson C de Lima, Guilherme B Dos Santos, Sabine Förster, Gabriela P Paludo, Paulo C Carvalho, Klaus Brehm, Henrique B Ferreira
The hydatid fluid (HF) that fills Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode vesicles is a complex mixture of proteins from both parasite and host origin. Here, a LC-MS/MS approach was used to compare the HF composition of E. multilocularis H95 and G8065 isolates (EmH95 and EmG8065, respectively), which present differences in terms of growth and fertility. Overall, 446 unique proteins were identified, 392 of which (88%) were from parasite origin and 54 from culture medium. At least 256 of parasite proteins were sample exclusive, and 61 of the 136 shared proteins presented differential abundance between E...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442438/dorsal-fin-development-in-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus-bud-formation-and-its-cellular-origin
#20
Jie Chen, Xiaoyu Liu, Xiaohua Yao, Fei Gao, Baolong Bao
The development of the median fin has not been investigated extensively in teleosts, although in other fishes it has been proposed that it involves the same genetic programs operating in the paired appendages. Adult median fins develop from the larval bud; therefore an investigation of fin bud formation and its cellular origin is essential to understanding the maturation mechanisms. In Paralichthys olivaceus, skeletogenesis proceeds from an anterior to posterior direction providing a good opportunity to study the formation of dorsal fin bud...
April 22, 2017: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
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