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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800935/two-stage-interventional-management-of-tube-thoracostomy-induced-pulmonary-artery-perforation-in-a-patient-with-parapneumonic-pleural-effusion-associated-with-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Anthony Alozie, Andrea Bier, Alexander Kaminski, Bernd Westphal, Thomas Heller, Karlheinz Haunstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799302/clinical-profile-of-patients-presenting-with-malignant-pleural-effusion-to-a-tertiary-health-care-centre
#2
Nitin Gadewad, Kunal Deokar, Shivhari Ghorpade
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusions are one of the leading causes of exudative pleural effusions. We studied the clinical profile of patients presenting with malignant pleural effusion, their cytological and histopathological features and the efficacy of pleurodesis in preventing recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 patients who were positive for malignant cells in pleural fluid cytology or pleural biopsy were recruited. After history and clinical examination, Chest radiographs, Computed tomography of chest were performed...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790284/-management-of-postoperative-wound-infection-and-empyema
#3
Hirofumi Uehara, Masafumi Kawamura
Postoperative wound infection and empyema after pulmonary surgery is considered surgical site infection. Postoperative empyema (PE) is a rare but potentially fatal complication of pulmonary resections and proper management is essential. Appropriate antibiotics and surgical treatment is necessary to cure the PE. PE is often associated with bronchopleural fistula, which makes the management of PE difficult. The treatment of empyema has the basic way of thinking, but there are various cures, closed tube thoracostomy, video-assisted thoracoscopy, emergency open window thoracostomy, and Endoscopic conservative treatment may necessary...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765863/-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-cats-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#4
George Manchi, Seyedhosein Jarolmasjed, Mathias Brunnberg, Muhammad Shahid, Sina Rehbein, Silke Stein, Achim D Gruber, Leo Brunnberg
Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is a non-traumatic accumulation of air in the pleural cavity. This case report describes a cat with SP as a result of primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma. A second cat was diagnosed with primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma and asthma. A thoracostomy tube was inserted in the first cat while in the second cat a thoracostomy tube was placed and lobectomy of the right cranial and middle lung lobes was performed. Both cats died following treatment. The current literature reviewed here covers the comparative etiologies of SP as well as clinical presentation, diagnostic work-up, therapy and prognosis in cats...
August 2, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754760/accidental-hypothermic-cardiac-arrest-and-rapid-mediastinal-warming-with-pleural-lavage-a-survivor-after-3-5-hours-of-manual-cpr
#5
George Little
A 30-year-old man suffered post-traumatic hypothermic cardiac arrest. On arrival in the emergency department, rectal core temperature was 23°C. Manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was continued as no mechanical chest compression device was available, and active and passive rewarming was undertaken. Bilateral thoracostomies confirmed good lung inflation. Defibrillation and intravenous epinephrine were discontinued until core temperature was elevated above 30°C. Extracorporeal rewarming was unavailable...
July 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741012/management-of-computed-tomography-detected-pneumothorax-in-patients-with-blunt-trauma-experience-from-a-community-based-hospital
#6
Ashraf F Hefny, Fathima T Kunhivalappil, Nikolay Matev, Norman A Avila, Masoud O Bashir, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
INTRODUCTION: With near-routine use of computed tomography (CT) for imaging trauma patients, the diagnosis of pneumothorax, especially occult pneumothorax, has increased. However, the need for chest tube insertion remains controversial. We aimed to study the management of pneumothorax detected on CT among patients with blunt trauma, including the decision for tube thoracostomy, in a community-based hospital. METHODS: Chest CT scans of patients with blunt trauma treated at Al Rahba Hospital, Abu Dhabi, from October 2010 to October 2014 were retrospectively studied...
July 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740695/complete-spontaneous-resolution-of-a-giant-bulla-without-rupture-or-infection-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Won Ho Chang
We report a case of complete spontaneous resolution of a giant bulla without ipsilateral pneumothorax or overt infection accompanied by contralateral recurrent pneumothorax. A 67-year-old man visited the emergency room with dyspnea. Chest computed tomography revealed spontaneous pneumothorax on the right side and a giant bulla in the left anterior lung. Closed thoracostomy was performed and the patient was discharged. Two years later, right pneumothorax recurred. Bullectomy in the right lung and pleurodesis were performed...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699390/randomized-controlled-trial-of-chest-tube-removal-aided-by-a-party-balloon
#8
Puwadon Thitivaraporn, Natawat Narueponjirakul, Pasurachate Samorn, Supparerk Prichayudh, Sukanya Sriussadaporn, Rattaplee Pak-Art, Suvit Sriussadaporn, Kritaya Kritayakirana
Background Recurrent pneumothorax is one of the most common complications after thoracostomy tube removal. The purpose of this study was to assess the optimal method of thoracostomy tube removal by comparing party balloon-assisted Valsalva and classic Valsalva techniques. Methods Trauma patients with indications for tube thoracostomy from 2014 to 2015 were recruited. Exclusion criteria were age < 15- or > 64-years-old, history of chronic lung disease, Glasgow Coma Scale < 13, latex allergy, or tracheostomy...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697892/bronchopleural-fistula-after-pneumonectomy-risk-factors-and-management-focusing-on-open-window-thoracostomy
#9
Antonio Mazzella, Alessandro Pardolesi, Patrick Maisonneuve, Francesco Petrella, Domenico Galetta, Roberto Gasparri, Lorenzo Spaggiari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate principal risk factors and different therapeutic approaches for postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (BPF), focusing on open window thoracostomy (OWT). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated by pneumonectomy for lung cancer between 1999 and 2014. We evaluated preoperative, operative, and postoperative data; interval between operation and fistula formation; and size, treatment, and predicting factors of BPF. Cumulative incidence curves for the development of BPF were drawn according to the Kaplan-Meier method...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688940/thoracostomy-tube-removal-implementation-of-a-multidisciplinary-procedural-pain-management-guideline
#10
Lisa M Ring, Anne Watson
OBJECTIVE: Thoracostomy tubes are placed following cardiothoracic surgery for the repair or palliation of congenital heart defects. The aim of this project was to develop and implement a clinical practice guideline for the provision of optimal analgesia during removal of thoracostomy tubes in pediatric postoperative cardiothoracic surgery patients. METHODS: Methods used include a nonexperimental design utilizing chart audits to determine baseline documentation as well as procedure note evaluation to determine both baseline documentation and compliance with the new guideline...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673640/small-tube-thoracostomy-20-22-fr-in-emergent-management-of-chest-trauma
#11
Shinsuke Tanizaki, Shigenobu Maeda, Makoto Sera, Hideya Nagai, Minoru Hayashi, Hiroyuki Azuma, Ken-Ichi Kano, Hiroki Watanabe, Hiroshi Ishida
BACKGROUND: The optimal tube size for an emergent thoracostomy for traumatic pneumothorax or hemothorax is unknown. Both small catheter tube thoracostomy and large-bore chest tube thoracostomy have been shown to work for the nonemergent management of patients with traumatic pneumothorax or hemothorax. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of a small chest tube with that of a large tube in emergent thoracostomy due to chest trauma. Our hypothesis was that there would be no difference in clinical outcomes including tube-related complications, the need for additional tube placement, and thoracotomy, with the replacement of large tubes with small tubes...
June 23, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671165/diagnostic-evaluation-of-mediastinal-lesions-analysis-of-144-cases
#12
Ramakant Dixit, Narender Singh Shah, Mukesh Goyal, Chetan B Patil, Mukesh Panjabi, Rakesh C Gupta, Neeraj Gupta, Sabarigiri Vasan Harish
BACKGROUND: Mediastinum is a "Pandora's box" with many neoplastic and nonneoplastic lesions. The purpose of this study was to analyze our institutional experience of mediastinal lesions on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and/or biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was an analysis of 144 patients who had undergone ultrasound-guided FNAC and/or core biopsy for mediastinal lesions. RESULTS: A total of 144 cases of suspected mediastinal masses were seen, and in 139 cases, tissue diagnosis was attempted...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670061/thoracentesis-reverting-cardiac-tamponade-physiology-in-a-patient-with-myxedema-coma-and-large-pleural-effusion
#13
Monia E Werlang, Mario R Pimentel, Jose L Diaz-Gomez
A large pleural effusion causing cardiac tamponade physiology and severe hemodynamic compromise is an uncommon event. We report a case of a 53-year-old woman with severe hypothyroidism presenting with myxedema coma and refractory shock. Her hemodynamic status failed to respond to fluid resuscitation and vasopressors. A transthoracic echocardiogram and chest radiograph demonstrated a pericardial fluid accumulation associated with a large left-sided pleural effusion. Thoracostomy tube insertion resulted in prompt improvement of the patient's hemodynamic status...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660205/pneumothoraces-in-collagen-vi-related-dystrophy-a-case-series-and-recommendations-for-management
#14
Kristin L Fraser, Scott Wong, A Reghan Foley, Sameer Chhibber, Carsten G Bönnemann, Daniel J Lesser, Carla Grosmann, Anne Rutkowski
Collagen VI-related dystrophy (collagen VI-RD) is a rare neuromuscular condition caused by mutations in the COL6A1, COL6A2 or COL6A3 genes. The phenotypic spectrum includes early-onset Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, adult-onset Bethlem myopathy and an intermediate phenotype. The disorder is characterised by distal hyperlaxity and progressive muscle weakness, joint contractures and respiratory insufficiency. Respiratory insufficiency is attributed to chest wall contractures, scoliosis, impaired diaphragmatic function and intercostal muscle weakness...
April 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660167/tissue-plasminogen-activator-and-pulmozyme-for-postoperative-retained-hemothorax-a-safe-alternative-to-postoperative-re-exploration
#15
Melissa Pastoressa, Truong Ma, Nicholas Panno, Michael Firstenberg
Successful treatment of traumatic hemothoraces is imperative to reduce morbidity and mortality among patients. Treatment modalities range from more conservative to invasive measures, including antibiotic therapy, thoracostomy tube placement, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, or thoracotomy. Various studies have documented success in using fibrinolytics such as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in conjunction with deoxyribonuclease administered through a chest tube to resolve a hemothorax. The optimal dose and frequency of fibrinolytic therapy have not yet been determined although most studies report administering therapy two times a day for 3 days...
April 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552373/surgical-treatment-of-complications-after-high-dose-chemoradiotherapy-for-lung-cancer
#16
Chris Dickhoff, Max Dahele, Sayed M Hashemi, Suresh Senan, Egbert F Smit, Koen J Hartemink, Marinus A Paul
BACKGROUND: There are limited published reports on the indications for, and outcomes of, a surgical intervention for complications arising after high-dose chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We report on our institutional experience with such cases. METHODS: Patients who underwent operations for any complication after CRT (≥60 Gy) for NSCLC between 2009 and 2015 were identified. All operations were performed at a tertiary referral center...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544468/analysis-of-the-patients-with-simultaneous-bilateral-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#17
Tevfik Ilker Akcam, Onder Kavurmaci, Ayse Gul Ergonul, Sercan Aydin, Kutsal Turhan, Alpaslan Cakan, Ufuk Cagirici
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax (SBSP) is an uncommon condition with limited data on its incidence in the literature. In this study, we aimed to describe the bilaterality in both primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothorax cases, and the clinical approach in simultaneous disease and prognosis of these patients. METHODS: A total of 16 patients who were followed with the diagnosis of bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax between January 2005 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539373/bet-2-pre-hospital-finger-thoracostomy-in-patients-with-chest-trauma
#18
Pritchard Jodie, Hogg Kerstin
A short cut review was carried out to see if 'finger' thoracostomy is a safe and effective method of treating a tension pneumothorax in a pre-hospital setting. Five relevant papers were found looking at this technique in the pre-hospital setting. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. This technique appears to be safe and effective when performed by trained physicians in a pre-hospital setting...
June 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539371/bet1-pre-hospital-finger-thoracostomy-in-patients-with-traumatic-cardiac-arrest
#19
Pritchard Jodie, Hogg Kerstin
A short cut review was carried out to see if 'finger' thoracostomy was a safe and effective procedure to use in the pre-hospital setting in patients with traumatic cardiac arrest. Three relevant papers were found describing the use of this technique in the pre-hospital setting. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. Finger thoracostomy appears to be an acceptable and effective technique for trained physicians in the pre-hospital setting...
June 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500086/detection-of-pneumothoraces-in-patients-with-multiple-blunt-trauma-use-and-limitations-of-efast
#20
Thomas C Sauter, Simon Hoess, Beat Lehmann, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Dominik G Haider
BACKGROUND: Extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma (eFAST) has been shown to have moderate sensitivity for detection of pneumothorax in trauma. Little is known about the location or size of missed pneumothoraces or clinical predictors of pneumothoraces in patients with false-negative eFAST. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study includes all patients with multiple blunt trauma diagnosed with pneumothorax who underwent both eFAST and CT performed in the ED of a level 1 trauma centre in Switzerland between 1 June 2012 and 30 September 2014...
May 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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