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Oxygen therapy safety

Tae Soo Kang, Byung Soo Ko, Stavros G Drakos, Josef Stehlik, Steven I Bott, Antigone Koliopoulou, Joseph E Tonna, Megan E Bowen, Kathleen Stoddard, Craig H Selzman, Stephen H McKellar
BACKGROUND: Acute mechanical circulatory support (aMCS) can be a lifesaving therapy for patients with refractory cardiogenic shock. As device safety and technology improve, so will the ability to extend aMCS to patients at remote hospitals. The Intermountain West is unique because of the large geographical area, making transport of critically ill patients a logistical challenge. METHODS: We reviewed our experience of transporting patients in cardiogenic shock over long distances who had already been placed on aMCS: Impella and extracorporeal membrane oxygenator devices...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
P Burgueño, C González, A Sarralde, F Gordo
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support is indicated in patients who are refractory to treatment, those with cardiogenic shock or respiratory failure and those with exacerbations eligible for heart and lung transplantation. Physician experience and quantity of necessary resources are reasons why regionalization could benefit patients of this kind, establishing ECMO reference centers and integrating a transportation network specialized in ECMO. This type of transportation is a challenge for healthcare systems and physicians, given its greater complexity, requiring a multidisciplinary and inter-territorial approach...
March 1, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
Antonio Vallarola, Francesca Sironi, Massimo Tortarolo, Noemi Gatto, Roberta De Gioia, Laura Pasetto, Massimiliano De Paola, Alessandro Mariani, Supurna Ghosh, Richard Watson, Andreas Kalmes, Valentina Bonetto, Caterina Bendotti
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects the motor neuromuscular system leading to complete paralysis and premature death. The multifactorial nature of ALS that involves both cell-autonomous and non-cell-autonomous processes contributes to the lack of effective therapies, usually targeted to a single pathogenic mechanism. RNS60, an experimental drug containing oxygenated nanobubbles generated by modified Taylor-Couette-Poiseuille flow with elevated oxygen pressure, has shown anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties in different experimental paradigms...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Xiankun Chen, Wei Jiang, Xiaoli Lin, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Zehuai Wen, Weihui Lu, Gaetano Marrone
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is a beneficial therapy for patients with chronic heart failure. The delivery of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation should adopt an evidence-based approach, as well as be culturally appropriate and sensitive to individual needs and preferences. The Baduanjin Eight-Silken-Movements with Self-efficacy Building for Heart Failure (BESMILE-HF) program is the first to apply a traditional Chinese exercise, Baduanjin, as the core component in an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program...
March 1, 2018: Trials
Sandeep M Patel, Jerry Lipinski, Sadeer G Al-Kindi, Toral Patel, Petar Saric, Jun Li, Fahd Nadeem, Thomas Ladas, Amer Alaiti, Ann Phillips, Benjamin Medalion, Salil Deo, Yakov Elgudin, Marco A Costa, Mohammed Najeeb Osman, Guilherme F Attizzani, Guilherme H Oliveira, Basar Sareyyupoglu, Hiram G Bezerra
Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has been used for refractory cardiogenic shock; however, it is associated with increased left ventricular afterload. Outcomes associated with the combination of a percutaneous left ventricular assist device (Impella) and VA-ECMO remains largely unknown. We retrospectively reviewed patients treated for refractory cardiogenic shock with VA-ECMO (2014-2016). The primary outcome was all-cause mortality within 30 days of VA-ECMO implantation. Secondary outcomes included duration of support, stroke, major bleeding, hemolysis, inotropic score, and cardiac recovery...
February 27, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Ingrid Ten Haken, Somaya Ben Allouch, Wim H van Harten
BACKGROUND: The number of medical technologies used in home settings has increased substantially over the last 10-15 years. In order to manage their use and to guarantee quality and safety, data on usage trends and practical experiences are important. This paper presents a literature review on types, trends and experiences with the use of advanced medical technologies at home. METHODS: The study focused on advanced medical technologies that are part of the technical nursing process and 'hands on' processes by nurses, excluding information technology such as domotica...
February 26, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jianming Guo, Lianrui Guo, Shijun Cui, Zhu Tong, Alan Dardik, Yongquan Gu
BACKGROUND: For patients with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), revascularization with bypass or angioplasty is frequently not feasible due to the poor outflow of the distal small vessels. We evaluated the long-term results of our experience treating patients with TAO with autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (ABMMNCs) to determine the safety and efficacy of ABMMNC therapy in patients with critical limb ischemia due to TAO. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review from a single university hospital vascular surgery center between January 2005 and July 2006...
February 22, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Afnan Hamad Alswyan, Ana Carolina Sauer Liberato, Cynthia M Dougherty
PURPOSE: This systematic review identified exercise-based intervention studies in patients with cardiac implantable devices (CIDs): implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), cardiac resynchronization pacemaker or defibrillator (cardiac resynchronization therapy [CRT]), or ventricular assist device (VAD) and assessed evidence for the safety and efficacy of exercise-based interventions alone or in combination with psychoeducational components. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and PEDro databases were searched from database inception to September 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Wei Yu, Mingzhou Ye, Jian Zhu, Yitian Wang, Chengzhen Liang, Jianbin Tang, Huimin Tao, Youqing Shen
Zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) is a highly potent second-generation photosensitizer for cancer photodynamic therapy (PDT) with attractive photo-physical and photo-chemical properties. However, poor solubility and strong trend of crystallization prevent it from loading in most of drug delivery systems and hamper its further application. Herein, to overcome this problem, an amphiphilic block copolymer poly(ethylene glycol)-poly[2-(methylacryloyl)ethylnicotinate] (PEG-PMAN) with aromatic nicotinate is used to load ZnPc for their π-π interactions...
February 17, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Qian Xu, Shuang-Bo Fan, Yu-Lin Wan, Xian-Lan Liu, Liang Wang
AIMS: Although Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HyperBOT) attract our attention successfully these days, it is still full of controversy on the treatment of acute stroke. The aim of this study is to assess the potential long-term neurological consequences and safety of using HyperBOT on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the diabetics. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized controlled trial, 79 diabetes patients suffering from acute ICH were randomized to treat for 60 minutes in a monoplace hyperbaric chamber pressurized with pure oxygen to 2...
February 3, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Ruirui Zhao, Guirong Zheng, Lulu Fan, Zhichun Shen, Kai Jiang, Yan Guo, Jing-Wei Shao
Nanosized drug delivery systems (NDDS) with photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) have been extensively exploited to improve the therapeutic performance and bio-safety of chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer. In this work, a carrier-free nanodrug was developed by co-assembly of the anti-cancer agent ursolic acid (UA), an asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR), which can recognize the target molecule lactobionic acid (LA), and the near-infrared (NIR) probe dye indocyanine green (ICG) to form UA-LA-ICG NPs by a simple and green self-assembly approach...
February 5, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Gerard Cortina, Rosemary McRae, Roberto Chiletti, Warwick Butt
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical indications, procedural safety, and outcome of critically ill children requiring therapeutic plasma exchange. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study based on a prospective registry. SETTING: Tertiary and quaternary referral 30-bed PICU. PATIENTS: Forty-eight critically ill children who received therapeutic plasma exchange during an 8-year period (2007-2014) were included in the study...
February 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Ye Zhang, Hong Deng, Zhouping Tang
Diabetes mellitus is a widely spread chronic disease with growing incidence worldwide, and diabetic foot ulcer is one of the most serious complications of diabetes. Cellular therapy has shown promise in the management of diabetic foot ulcer in many preclinical experiments and clinical researches. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cellular therapy in the management of diabetic foot ulcer. We systematically searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to May 2017 for randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of cellular therapy in diabetic foot ulcer, and a meta-analysis was conducted...
December 2017: Cell Transplantation
Amany Ahmed Mohamed Abd-Allah, Nasr Abdelwahab Mohamed Nasr El-Deen, Wafaa Abdou Mohamed Mohamed, Fatma Mohamed Naguib
Objectives: Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-produced oxidative disorders were involved at the pathophysiology of many inflammatory processes via the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and antioxidant defense system suppression. Although herbal antioxidants as mono-therapy relief many inflammatory diseases including, autoimmunity rheumatoid arthritis, but as combination therapy with other proven anti-inflammatory drugs in order to decreasing their toxic impacts has not yet been studied clearly, especially against chemical substances that's induced local inflammation with characteristic edema...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Santi Maurizio Raineri, Andrea Cortegiani, Giuseppe Accurso, Claudia Procaccianti, Filippo Vitale, Sabrina Caruso, Antonino Giarratano, Cesare Gregoretti
Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) therapy in patients undergoing rapid sequence intubation (RSI) for emergency abdominal surgery. Methods: HFNO of 60 L.min-1 at an inspiratory oxygen fraction of 1 was delivered 4 min before laryngoscopy and maintained until the patient was intubated, and correct intubation was verified by the appearance of the end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) waveform. Transcutaneous oxygenation (SpO2), heart rate and non-invasive mean arterial pressure were monitored at baseline (T0), after 4 min on HFNO (T1) and at the time of laryngoscopy (T2) and endotracheal intubation (ETI) (T3)...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Jo Howard, April E Slee, Simon Skene, Baba Inusa, Jamie Kawadler, Michelle Downes, Johanna Gavlak, Melanie Koelbel, Hanne Stotesbury, Maria Chorozoglou, Susan Tebbs, Subarna Chakravorty, Moji Awogbade, David C Rees, Atul Gupta, Patrick B Murphy, Nicholas Hart, Sati Sahota, Carol Nwosu, Maureen Gwam, Dawn Saunders, Vivek Muthurangu, Nathaniel Barber, Emmanuel Ako, Swee Lay Thein, Melanie Marshall, Isabel C Reading, Man Ying Edith Cheng, Fenella J Kirkham, Christina Liossi
BACKGROUND: In addition to pain, sickle cell anaemia (HbSS) complications include neurocognitive difficulties in attention and processing speed associated with low daytime and night-time oxygen saturation compounded by obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). In the general population OSA is treated with continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP). The aim of this single-blind, randomised, controlled phase II trial is to compare auto-adjusting CPAP (APAP) with standard care to standard care alone in individuals with HbSS to determine whether the intervention improves attention and processing speed, brain structure, pain and quality of life...
January 22, 2018: Trials
J C Zhang, F X Wu, L L Meng, C Y Zeng, Y Q Lu
Objective: To investigate and compare the effect and safety of nasal high-flow oxygen therapy (HFNCO) and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) therapy after extubation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: All COPD patients subjected to mechanical ventilation in the Emergency Intensive Unit of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University during January 2015 to June 2016 were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups after extubation and HFNCO and NIV were adopted on each group respectively...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Yolanda Ballestero, Jimena De Pedro, Nancy Portillo, Otilia Martinez-Mugica, Eunate Arana-Arri, Javier Benito
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy and safety in children with asthma and moderate respiratory failure in the emergency department (ED). STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized pilot trial of children (aged 1-14 years) presenting to a tertiary academic pediatric ED with moderate-to-severe asthma exacerbations between September 2012 and December 2015. Patients with a pulmonary score (PS) ≥6 or oxygen saturation <94% with a face mask despite initial treatment (salbutamol/ipratropium bromide and corticosteroids) were randomized to HFNC or to conventional oxygen therapy...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Yoshihiko Morikawa, Masaru Miura, Megumi Y Furuhata, Saeko Morino, Tae Omori, Masahiro Otsuka, Michiko Chiga, Toshimasa Obonai, Hiroshi Hataya, Tetsuji Kaneko, Kenji Ishikura, Masataka Honda, Yukihiro Hasegawa
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) therapy for shortening hospital length of stay (LOS) or improving bronchiolitic symptoms remains controversial. Most studies enrolled small numbers of subjects and did not consider the role of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), the most common cause of acute bronchiolitis. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nebulized HS therapy for acute bronchiolitis due to RSV in moderately ill hospitalized infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial comparing a nebulized HS treatment group with a normal saline (NS) group...
January 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
G Sanclemente, V Ruiz-Cañas, J M Miranda, A P Ferrín, P A Ramirez, G N Hernandez
INTRODUCTION: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves the combination of a light source and a photosensitizing agent to induce tissue damage via the generation of singlet oxygen. Although topical PDT has been approved for other indications, its use in facial photodamage is uncertain. AIMS: To assess the efficacy and safety of PDT in facial skin photoaging. METHODS: All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy and safety of any form of topical PDT for the treatment of facial photodamage (dermatoheliosis) or photoaging in patients older than 18 years, were included...
December 30, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
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