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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352748/use-of-e-learning-in-clinical-clerkships-effects-on-acquisition-of-dermatological-knowledge-and-learning-processes
#1
Frederike Fransen, Herm Martens, Ivo Nagtzaam, Sylvia Heeneman
Objectives: To obtain a deeper understanding of how the e-learning program, Education in Dermatology (ED), affects the acquisition of dermatological knowledge and the underlying learning processes of medical students in their clinical phase. Methods: The study used a mixed method design with a convergent parallel collection of data. Medical students (n=62) from Maastricht University (The Netherlands) were randomized to either a conventional teaching group (control group n=30) or conventional teaching plus the e-learning program (application on smartphone) group (e-learning group n=32)...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352730/teaching-of-anatomical-sciences-a-blended-learning-approach
#2
REVIEW
Mohammed K Khalil, Eiman M Abdel Meguid, Ihsan E Elkhider
Blended learning is the integration of different learning approaches, new technologies and activities that combine traditional face-to-face teaching methods with authentic online methodologies. Although advances in educational technology have helped to expand the selection of different pedagogies, the teaching of anatomical sciences has been challenged by implementation difficulties and other limitations. These challenges are reported to include lack of time, costs, and lack of qualified teachers. Easy access to online information and advances in technology make it possible to resolve these limitations by adopting blended learning approaches...
January 20, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351910/visual-literacy-in-bloom-using-bloom-s-taxonomy-to-support-visual-learning-skills
#3
Jessie B Arneson, Erika G Offerdahl
Vision and Change identifies science communication as one of the core competencies in undergraduate biology. Visual representations are an integral part of science communication, allowing ideas to be shared among and between scientists and the public. As such, development of scientific visual literacy should be a desired outcome of undergraduate instruction. We developed the Visualization Blooming Tool (VBT), an adaptation of Bloom's taxonomy specifically focused on visual representations, to aid instructors in designing instruction and assessments to target scientific visual literacy in undergraduate instruction...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351908/enhancing-conceptual-knowledge-of-energy-in-biology-with-incorrect-representations
#4
Ulrike Wernecke, Kerstin Schütte, Julia Schwanewedel, Ute Harms
Energy is an important concept in all natural sciences, and a challenging one for school science education. Students' conceptual knowledge of energy is often low, and they entertain misconceptions. Educational research in science and mathematics suggests that learning through depictive representations and learning from errors, based on the theory of negative knowledge, can potentially foster students' knowledge of abstract concepts such as energy. Thus, we propose here an instructional approach that combines these two strategies to foster conceptual knowledge of energy...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351642/caregiver-provided-physical-therapy-home-programs-for-children-with-motor-delay-a-scoping-review
#5
Edward James R Gorgon
Background: Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations. Purpose: This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing methodologic quality, and (3) examining the reporting of caregiver-related components...
January 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351500/differential-learning-as-a-key-training-approach-to-improve-creative-and-tactical-behavior-in-soccer
#6
Sara Santos, Diogo Coutinho, Bruno Gonçalves, Wolfgang Schöllhorn, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a differential-learning program, embedded in small-sided games, on the creative and tactical behavior of youth soccer players. Forty players from under-13 (U13) and under-15 (U15) were allocated into control and experimental groups and were tested using a randomized pretest to posttest design using small-sided games situations. METHOD: The experimental group participated in a 5-month differential-learning program embodied in small-sided games situations, while the control group participated in a typical small-sided games training program...
January 19, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351499/graduate-speech-language-pathology-students-initial-self-perceptions-of-skills-critical-for-interprofessional-practice
#7
Courtney Karasinski, Janine L Schmedding-Bartley
Interprofessional collaborative practice is critical for quality service delivery. Given the limited research on speech-language pathology (SLP) students' interprofessional knowledge and skills, this investigation assessed graduate SLP students' self-perceived interprofessional competence and their perceptions of roles of other professionals. Fifty-eight SLP students completed two validated surveys at the beginning of the first or second semester of graduate school. Collectively, the students rated themselves positively on communication, teamwork, attitudes toward interprofessional learning, and professional relationships...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351346/the-congenital-heart-disease-genetic-network-study-cohort-description
#8
Thanh T Hoang, Elizabeth Goldmuntz, Amy E Roberts, Wendy K Chung, Jennie K Kline, John E Deanfield, Alessandro Giardini, Adolfo Aleman, Bruce D Gelb, Meghan Mac Neal, George A Porter, Richard Kim, Martina Brueckner, Richard P Lifton, Sharon Edman, Stacy Woyciechowski, Laura E Mitchell, A J Agopian
The Pediatric Cardiac Genomics Consortium (PCGC) designed the Congenital Heart Disease Genetic Network Study to provide phenotype and genotype data for a large congenital heart defects (CHDs) cohort. This article describes the PCGC cohort, overall and by major types of CHDs (e.g., conotruncal defects) and subtypes of conotrucal heart defects (e.g., tetralogy of Fallot) and left ventricular outflow tract obstructions (e.g., hypoplastic left heart syndrome). Cases with CHDs were recruited through ten sites, 2010-2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351266/from-extraction-of-local-structures-of-protein-energy-landscapes-to-improved-decoy-selection-in-template-free-protein-structure-prediction
#9
Nasrin Akhter, Amarda Shehu
Due to the essential role that the three-dimensional conformation of a protein plays in regulating interactions with molecular partners, wet and dry laboratories seek biologically-active conformations of a protein to decode its function. Computational approaches are gaining prominence due to the labor and cost demands of wet laboratory investigations. Template-free methods can now compute thousands of conformations known as decoys, but selecting native conformations from the generated decoys remains challenging...
January 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351132/mixed-methods-approach-to-humanistic-interprofessional-faculty-development
#10
Alice Fornari, Leanne M Tortez, Monika Lay, Bruce Hirsch, Donna Tanzi, Isabel Friedman, Alison P Ricardo, Renee Pekmezaris, William Branch
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mentoring and Professionalism in Training (MAP-IT) program, a longitudinal, interprofessional faculty development curriculum designed to enhance clinicians' humanistic mentoring skills, specifically nurses and physicians. METHODS: During 2014 to 2016, two consecutive cohorts of nurses and physicians completed the MAP-IT program. Participants included 169 high potential mentors (HPMs) and 61 facilitator leaders...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348200/active-learning-machine-learns-to-create-new-quantum-experiments
#11
Alexey A Melnikov, Hendrik Poulsen Nautrup, Mario Krenn, Vedran Dunjko, Markus Tiersch, Anton Zeilinger, Hans J Briegel
How useful can machine learning be in a quantum laboratory? Here we raise the question of the potential of intelligent machines in the context of scientific research. A major motivation for the present work is the unknown reachability of various entanglement classes in quantum experiments. We investigate this question by using the projective simulation model, a physics-oriented approach to artificial intelligence. In our approach, the projective simulation system is challenged to design complex photonic quantum experiments that produce high-dimensional entangled multiphoton states, which are of high interest in modern quantum experiments...
January 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346708/role-of-comprehension-on-performance-at-higher-levels-of-bloom-s-taxonomy-findings-from-assessments-of-healthcare-professional-students
#12
Anne-Marie A Verenna, Kim A Noble, Helen E Pearson, Susan M Miller
The first four levels of Bloom's taxonomy were used to create quiz questions designed to assess student learning of the gross anatomy, histology, and physiology of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Information on GI histology and physiology was presented to separate samples of medical, dental, and podiatry students in computer based tutorials where the information from the two disciplines was presented either separately or in an integrated fashion. All students were taught GI gross anatomy prior to this study by course faculty as part of the required curriculum of their respective program...
January 18, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346395/evaluation-of-participatory-teaching-methods-in-undergraduate-medical-students-learning-along-the-first-academic-courses
#13
Beatriz Gal, Margarita Rubio, Eva Iglesias, Purificación González
The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is an opportunity to redesign medical education. Academic training is now focused on acquiring not only knowledge, but also those competencies critical to face complex professional scenarios. Together with re-evaluating traditional teaching methods, EHEA has forced a technological shift in the way we teach. By critically assessing the impact of novel teaching methodologies, we can better define biomedical education demands. Here, we address this question on a sample of medical students instructed in basic subjects along the first two academic courses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346101/stacked-denoising-tensor-auto-encoder-for-action-recognition-with-spatiotemporal-corruptions
#14
Chengcheng Jia, Ming Shao, Sheng Li, Handong Zhao, Yun Fu
Spatially or temporally corrupted action videos are impractical for recognition via vision or learning models. It usually happens when streaming data are captured from unintended moving cameras, which bring occlusion or camera vibration and accordingly result in arbitrary loss of spatiotemporal information. In reality, it is intractable to deal with both spatial and temporal corruptions at the same time. In this paper, we propose a coupled stacked denoising tensor auto-encoder (CSDTAE) model, which approaches this corruption problem in a divide-and-conquer fashion by jointing both the spatial and temporal schemes together...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345987/habitable-worlds-delivering-on-the-promises-of-online-education
#15
Lev B Horodyskyj, Chris Mead, Zack Belinson, Sanlyn Buxner, Steven Semken, Ariel D Anbar
Critical thinking and scientific reasoning are central to higher education in the United States, but many courses (in-person and online) teach students information about science much more than they teach the actual process of science and its associated knowledge and skills. In the online arena specifically, the tools available for course construction exacerbate this problem by making it difficult to build the types of active learning activities that research shows to be the most effective. Here, we present a report on Habitable Worlds, offered by Arizona State University for 12 semesters over the past 6 years...
January 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#16
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344528/psychometric-characteristics-of-clinical-reasoning-problems-crps-and-its-correlation-with-routine-multiple-choice-question-mcq-in-cardiology-department
#17
Zahra Derakhshandeh, Mitra Amini, Javad Kojuri, Marziyeh Dehbozorgian
Introduction: Clinical reasoning is one of the most important skills in the process of training a medical student to become an efficient physician. Assessment of the reasoning skills in a medical school program is important to direct students' learning. One of the tests for measuring the clinical reasoning ability is Clinical Reasoning Problems (CRPs). The major aim of this study is to measure psychometric qualities of CRPs and define correlation between this test and routine MCQ in cardiology department of Shiraz medical school...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344526/the-effects-of-team-based-learning-on-learning-outcomes-in-a-course-of-rheumatology
#18
Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Kamran Moradi, Ali Ghafar Rahimi Amin, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Fatemeh Keshmiri
Introduction: We evaluated the effects of implementing Team-Based Learning (TBL) on student engagement, accountability, satisfaction, and preference for lecture or team-based learning. Moreover, we assessed the effect of TBL on knowledge retention and application over time through short answer questions based on clinical scenarios addressing history taking and diagnosis skills in medical students. Methods: The study was conducted in a quasi-experimental design. The study population were all of the third-year medical students (n = 84) participating in a course of rheumatology in Shariati Hospital, which is a teaching hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344525/psychometric-properties-of-the-communication-skills-attitude-scale-csas-measure-in-a-sample-of-iranian-medical-students
#19
Afsaneh Yakhforoshha, Mandana Shirazi, Naser Yousefzadeh, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Mohammadali Cheraghi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Seyed Amir Hossein Emami
Introduction: Communication skill (CS) has been regarded as one of the fundamental competencies for medical and other health care professionals. Student's attitude toward learning CS is a key factor in designing educational interventions. The original CSAS, as positive and negative subscales, was developed in the UK; however, there is no scale to measure these attitudes in Iran. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristic of the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS), in an Iranian context and to understand if it is a valid tool to assess attitude toward learning communication skills among health care professionals...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344523/clinical-skills-temporal-degradation-assessment-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#20
Joseph Fisher, Rebecca Viscusi, Adam Ratesic, Cameron Johnstone, Ross Kelley, Angela M Tegethoff, Jessica Bates, Elaine H Situ-Lacasse, William J Adamas-Rappaport, Richard Amini
Introduction: Medical students' ability to learn clinical procedures and competently apply these skills is an essential component of medical education. Complex skills with limited opportunity for practice have been shown to degrade without continued refresher training. To our knowledge there is no evidence that objectively evaluates temporal degradation of clinical skills in undergraduate medical education. The purpose of this study was to evaluate temporal retention of clinical skills among third year medical students...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
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