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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749319/a-survey-exploring-national-health-service-eprescribing-toolkit-use-and-perceived-usefulness-amongst-english-hospitals
#1
Kathrin Cresswell, Ann Slee, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: There is currently limited guidance for hospitals to implement ePrescribing systems. We have developed an ePrescribing Toolkit designed to support ongoing implementation, adoption and optimisation of efforts. AIM: To investigate the perceived usefulness, reported use and areas for further development of the Toolkit by ePrescribing implementers in English hospitals. METHODS: Questionnaire-based survey of hospitals that have or are interested in implementing ePrescribing systems...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749153/leadership-training-design-delivery-and-implementation-a-meta-analysis
#2
Christina N Lacerenza, Denise L Reyes, Shannon L Marlow, Dana L Joseph, Eduardo Salas
Recent estimates suggest that although a majority of funds in organizational training budgets tend to be allocated to leadership training (Ho, 2016; O'Leonard, 2014), only a small minority of organizations believe their leadership training programs are highly effective (Schwartz, Bersin, & Pelster, 2014), calling into question the effectiveness of current leadership development initiatives. To help address this issue, this meta-analysis estimates the extent to which leadership training is effective and identifies the conditions under which these programs are most effective...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749045/factors-related-to-recurrence-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-what-do-we-learn-from-a-multicentre-study
#3
Erdal Uysal, Atilla Soran, Efe Sezgin
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the breast with unknown aetiology. Its treatment is controversial and the recurrence rate is high. The objectives of this study were to examine the demographic, sociocultural and clinical characteristics observed among a large cohort of IGM patients from Turkey and to identify factors related to the recurrence of IGM. METHODS: The study was designed as a multicentre retrospective study including 22 breast centres in Turkey...
July 27, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748738/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-disease-self-management-among-older-adults-residing-in-subsidized-housing
#4
Katherine Petroka, Rania Campbell-Bussiere, Dan K Dychtwald, Brandy-Joe Milliron
BACKGROUND: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing. AIM: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748729/a-categorical-content-analysis-of-highly-cited-literature-related-to-trends-and-issues-in-special-education
#5
Sarah V Arden, Jill M Pentimonti, Rochana Cooray, Stephanie Jackson
This investigation employs categorical content analysis processes as a mechanism to examine trends and issues in a sampling of highly cited (100+) literature in special education journals. The authors had two goals: (a) broadly identifying trends across publication type, content area, and methodology and (b) specifically identifying articles with disaggregated outcomes for students with learning disabilities (LD). Content analyses were conducted across highly cited (100+) articles published during a 20-year period (1992-2013) in a sample ( n = 3) of journals focused primarily on LD, and in one broad, cross-categorical journal recognized for its impact in the field...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748651/emergent-programme-theories-of-a-national-quality-register-a-longitudinal-study-in-swedish-elderly-care
#6
Annika Nordin, Boel Andersson Gäre, Ann-Christine Andersson
RATIONALE, AIM, AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore programme theories of a national quality register. A programme theory is a bundle of assumptions underpinning how and why an improvement initiative functions. The purpose was to examine and establish programme theories of a national quality register widely used in Sweden: Senior alert. The paper reports on how programme theories among change recipients emerge in relation to the established programme theory of the initiator. METHODS: A qualitative approach and a longitudinal research design were used...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748311/advantages-of-melodic-over-rhythmic-movement-sonification-in-bimanual-motor-skill-learning
#7
J F Dyer, P Stapleton, M W M Rodger
An important question for skill acquisition is whether and how augmented feedback can be designed to improve the learning of complex skills. Auditory information triggered by learners' actions, movement sonification, can enhance learning of a complex bimanual coordination skill, specifically polyrhythmic bimanual shape tracing. However, it is not clear whether the coordination of polyrhythmic sequenced movements is enhanced by auditory-specified timing information alone or whether more complex sound mappings, such as melodic sonification, are necessary...
July 26, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748196/developing-interactive-antimicrobial-stewardship-and-infection-prevention-curricula-for-diverse-learners-a-tailored-approach
#8
Priya Nori, Theresa Madaline, Iona Munjal, Shubha Bhar, Yi Guo, Susan K Seo, Andrea Porrovecchio, Elizabeth Gancher, Joshua Nosanchuk, Liise-Anne Pirofski, Belinda Ostrowsky
BACKGROUND: To impart principles of antimicrobial stewardship (AS) and infection prevention and control (IPC), we developed a curriculum tailored to the diverse aptitudes of learners at our medical center. METHODS: We integrated case-based modules, group learning activities, smartphone applications (apps), decision support tools, and prescription audit and feedback into curricula of the medical school, medicine residency program, infectious diseases (ID) fellowship program, and hospital medicine program operations...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747875/effects-of-high-definition-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-applied-simultaneously-to-both-primary-motor-cortices-on-bimanual-sensorimotor-performance
#9
Nils H Pixa, Fabian Steinberg, Michael Doppelmayr
Many daily activities, such as tying one's shoe laces, opening a jar of jam or performing a free throw in basketball, require the skillful coordinated use of both hands. Even though the non-invasive method of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been repeatedly shown to improve unimanual motor performance, little is known about its effects on bimanual motor performance. More knowledge about how tDCS may improve bimanual behavior would be relevant to motor recovery, e.g., in persons with bilateral impairment of hand function...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747304/investigating-the-impact-of-the-english-health-inequalities-strategy-time-trend-analysis
#10
Ben Barr, James Higgerson, Margaret Whitehead
Objective To investigate whether the English health inequalities strategy was associated with a decline in geographical health inequalities, compared with trends before and after the strategy.Design Time trend analysis.Setting Two groups of lower tier local authorities in England. The most deprived, bottom fifth and the rest of England.Intervention The English health inequalities strategy-a cross government strategy implemented between 1997 and 2010 to reduce health inequalities in England. Trends in geographical health inequalities were assessed before (1983-2003), during (2004-12), and after (2013-15) the strategy using segmented linear regression...
July 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746842/the-droso4schools-project-long-term-scientist-teacher-collaborations-to-promote-science-communication-and-education-in-schools
#11
REVIEW
Sanjai Patel, Sophie DeMaine, Joshua Heafield, Lynne Bianchi, Andreas Prokop
Science communication is becoming an increasingly important part of a scientist's remit, and engaging with primary and secondary schools is one frequently chosen strategy. Here we argue that engaging with schools will be more effective when engaging with teachers through structured participation and/or collaboration, in order to respond to the realities of school life in designing the strategies used by science communicators. For example, the Manchester Fly Facility advocates the fruit fly Drosophila as an important research strategy for the discovery processes in the biomedical sciences...
July 23, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746071/toward-a-utopian-model-for-teaching-and-nonteaching-services-every-journey-begins-with-a-first-step
#12
Lisa M Bellini, Jack Ende
Nonteaching services are an imperfect step toward enabling inpatient teaching services to transition from an unregulated, natural state, driven solely by the exigencies of patient volume and throughput, to one that is more controlled and intends to achieve the proper balance between service and education. As career educators the authors prefer to view nonteaching services as critical components of an integrated system that enables the best possible patient care and learning, yet they acknowledge that, to meet the needs of patients and learners, teaching and nonteaching services alike must be truly complementary, collaborative, and integrated components of a single system...
July 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744980/building-a-comprehensive-team-for-the-longitudinal-care-of-single-ventricle-heart-defects-building-blocks-and-initial-results
#13
Karen Texter, Jo Ann M Davis, Christina Phelps, Sharon Cheatham, John Cheatham, Mark Galantowicz, Timothy F Feltes
INTRODUCTION: With increasing survival of children with HLHS and other single ventricle lesions, the complexity of medical care for these patients is substantial. Establishing and adhering to best practice models may improve outcome, but requires careful coordination and monitoring. METHODS: In 2013 our Heart Center began a process to build a comprehensive Single Ventricle Team designed to target these difficult issues. RESULTS: Comprehensive Single Ventricle Team in 2014 was begun, to standardize care for children with single ventricle heart defects from diagnosis to adulthood within our institution...
July 26, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743966/pupil-adaptation-corresponds-to-quantitative-measures-of-autism-traits-in-children
#14
Antoinette Sabatino DiCriscio, Vanessa Troiani
The pupil is known to reflect a range of psychological and physiological variables, including cognitive effort, arousal, attention, and even learning. Within autism spectrum disorder (ASD), some work has used pupil physiology to successfully classify patients with or without autism. As we have come to understand the heterogeneity of ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders, the relationship between quantitative traits and physiological markers has become increasingly more important, as this may lead us closer to the underlying biological basis for atypical responses and behaviors...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743727/basolateral-amygdala-to-orbitofrontal-cortex-projections-enable-cue-triggered-reward-expectations
#15
Nina T Lichtenberg, Zachary T Pennington, Sandra M Holley, Venuz Y Greenfield, Carlos Cepeda, Michael S Levine, Kate M Wassum
To make an appropriate decision one must anticipate potential future rewarding events, even when they are not readily observable. These expectations are generated by using observable information (e.g., stimuli or available actions) to retrieve often quite detailed memories of available rewards. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) are two reciprocally-connected key nodes in the circuitry supporting such outcome-guided behaviors. But there is much unknown about the contribution of this circuit to decision making, and almost nothing known about the whether any contribution is via direct, monosynaptic projections, or the direction of information transfer...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743693/can-facebook-pages-be-a-mode-of-blended-learning-to-supplement-in-class-teaching-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Khurshid Anwar, Muhammad Raihan Sajid, Peter Cahusac, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Ahmad Elgammal, Ahlam Alshedoukhy, Junaid Kashir
The aim of this study was to examine the potential of a self-designed Facebook page on Neuroscience, to supplement in-class teaching as a mode of blended learning. Posts were split into multiple choice questions (MCQs), general interest articles, neuroscience-related external links and resources, and lecture notes and PowerPoint presentations. The study was divided into three distinct phases: before, during, and after the Neuroscience block. Student responses were evaluated via a self-developed questionnaire...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743690/educational-leadership-benefits-of-stepping-outside-the-classroom
#17
EDITORIAL
Thomas A Pressley
Although most educators have their greatest impact in the classroom, the increased need for diverse learning activities has created new opportunities for leadership. Moreover, many Tenure and Promotion Committees are finding that it is no longer sufficient to consider only lecture hours when evaluating a faculty member's contributions to the teaching mission of an institution. Accordingly, the career path for an educator in a college or professional school is evolving. A newly recruited faculty member may start out with traditional classroom responsibilities, but activities other than lecture, such as flipped classrooms, online resources, and peer-to-peer teaching, may be quickly added to the mix...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743281/a-lifestyle-intervention-study-targeting-individuals-with-low-socioeconomic-status-of-different-ethnic-origins-important-aspects-for-successful-implementation
#18
Dorit Teuscher, Andrea J Bukman, Marleen A van Baak, Edith J M Feskens, Reint Jan Renes, Agnes Meershoek
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the implementation process of trials is important, because the way a study is implemented modifies its outcomes. Furthermore, lessons learned during implementation can inform other researchers on factors that play a role when implementing interventions described in research. This study evaluates the implementation of the MetSLIM study, targeting individuals with low socioeconomic status of different ethnic origins. The MetSLIM study was set up to evaluate the effectiveness of a lifestyle programme on waist circumference and other cardio-metabolic risk factors...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742711/readiness-of-us-general-surgery-residents-for-independent-practice
#19
Brian C George, Jordan D Bohnen, Reed G Williams, Shari L Meyerson, Mary C Schuller, Michael J Clark, Andreas H Meier, Laura Torbeck, Samuel P Mandell, John T Mullen, Douglas S Smink, Rebecca E Scully, Jeffrey G Chipman, Edward D Auyang, Kyla P Terhune, Paul E Wise, Jennifer N Choi, Eugene F Foley, Justin B Dimick, Michael A Choti, Nathaniel J Soper, Keith D Lillemoe, Joseph B Zwischenberger, Gary L Dunnington, Debra A DaRosa, Jonathan P Fryer
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the current state of the General Surgery (GS) residency training model by investigating resident operative performance and autonomy. BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery has designated 132 procedures as being "Core" to the practice of GS. GS residents are expected to be able to safely and independently perform those procedures by the time they graduate. There is growing concern that not all residents achieve that standard. Lack of operative autonomy may play a role...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742479/understanding-and-combating-resistance-to-online-learning
#20
John Vivolo
Resistance to change is an easy thing for human beings to understand. It is at the heart of our desire to find comfort with the familiar such as family, friends and our homes. We create homes that are designed a certain way and usually are slow to change. We make friends for years and keep those memories etched in stone, even though time and age create a romanticised version of the past. Change scares us so much that we reflect on our past, the old days, with such reverence that we paint over the ugly parts...
December 1, 2016: Science Progress
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