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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672697/publishing-activities-improves-undergraduate-biology-education
#1
Michelle K Smith
To improve undergraduate biology education, there is an urgent need for biology instructors to publish their innovative active learning instructional materials in peer-reviewed journals. To do this, instructors can measure student knowledge about a variety of biology concepts, iteratively design activities, explore student learning outcomes, and publish the results. Creating a set of well-vetted activities, searchable through a journal interface, saves other instructors time and encourages the use of active-learning instructional practices...
April 17, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656533/a-weed-resistance-management-game-a-teaching-tool
#2
George B Frisvold
BACKGROUND: This article provides instructions and materials to moderate an interactive resistance management game. The game is designed to generate discussion about the challenges and possibilities of coordinating resistance management activities among groups of farmers. The game has been successfully applied in classroom settings, extension workshops, and at professional weed science meetings. Research has found farmers often perceive the success of their own resistance management may be thwarted if their neighbors are not adequately managing resistance as well...
April 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652857/indoor-radon-exposure-in-italian-schools
#3
Antonio Azara, Marco Dettori, Paolo Castiglia, Andrea Piana, Paolo Durando, Valentina Parodi, Giovanni Salis, Laura Saderi, Giovanni Sotgiu
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess radon concentration in schoolrooms in a city located in the midwest of Italy. METHODS: A two-phase environmental study was carried out in 19 school buildings of 16 primary, secondary, and tertiary schools. RESULTS: Median (interquartile range-IQR) indoor radon concentration in schoolrooms was 91.6 (45.0-140.3) Bq/m³. The highest (median 952.8 Bq/m³) radon concentration was found in one (3.6%) classroom, located in a building of a primary school whose median concentration was 185 Bq/m³...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609216/navigating-the-health-care-system-an-adolescent-health-literacy-unit-for-high-schools
#4
Denise Hughes, Kristin Maiden
BACKGROUND: Currently, no intervention concerning transition of health care responsibilities from parents to teens exists for adolescents in the general population. The purpose of this intervention was to evaluate teacher satisfaction and student knowledge gain of a health unit developed for adolescents on becoming their own health care advocates. METHODS: Throughout the 2014-2015 school year, 13 health and career technical education teachers in 11 Delaware high schools taught the unit to 948 students in 2 90-minute classes in 35 classrooms...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608118/a-global-health-training-model-for-teaching-pediatric-clinical-decision-making-skills-to-rwandan-physical-therapists-a-case-report
#5
Kathryn Clark, Cara N Whalen Smith, Lori Kohls, Ines Musabyemariya, Egide Kayonga Ntagungira, Monika Mann, Steve R Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is increasing interest among physical therapists from high-income countries to participate in education development projects in low-income countries. However, there are few examples in the literature of effective developmental models or projects. This case report describes a model for improving pediatric clinical decision making skills among Rwandan physical therapists using best practices in clinical decision making, evidence-based practice where possible, and use of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF) model...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595303/the-effects-of-prequestions-on-classroom-learning
#6
Shana K Carpenter, Shuhebur Rahman, Kyle Perkins
Studies have shown that prequestions-asking students questions before they learn something-benefit memory retention. Prequestions would seem to be a useful technique for enhancing students' learning in their courses, but classroom investigations of prequestions have been sparse. In the current study, students from an introductory psychology course were randomly assigned to receive prequestions over each upcoming lesson (prequestion group) or to not receive prequestions (control group). At the end of class, students in the prequestion group remembered the material better than students in the control group, but this benefit was specific to the information that was asked about in the prequestions...
March 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538297/the-six-legged-subject-a-survey-of-secondary-science-teachers-incorporation-of-insects-into-u-s-life-science-instruction
#7
Erin Ingram, Douglas Golick
To improve students' understanding and appreciation of insects, entomology education efforts have supported insect incorporation in formal education settings. While several studies have explored student ideas about insects and the incorporation of insects in elementary and middle school classrooms, the topic of how and why insects are incorporated in secondary science classrooms remains relatively unexplored. Using survey research methods, this study addresses the gap in the literature by (1) describing in-service secondary science teachers' incorporation of insects in science classrooms; (2) identifying factors that support or deter insect incorporation and (3) identifying teachers' preferred resources to support future entomology education efforts...
March 14, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531849/initial-assessments-of-e-learning-modules-in-cytotechnology-education
#8
Maheswari S Mukherjee, Amber D Donnelly
Background: Nine E-learning modules (ELMs) were developed in our program using Articulate software. This study assessed our cytotechnology (CT) students' perceptions on the content of the ELMs, and the perceived influence of the ELMs on students' performance during clinical rotations. Subjects and Methods: All CT students watched nine ELMs before the related classroom lecture and group discussion. Following that, students completed nine preclinical rotation surveys...
2018: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528121/teaching-learning-tips-6-the-flipped-classroom
#9
Connie R Shi, Jasmine Rana, Susan Burgin
Challenge: The "flipped classroom" is a pedagogical model in which instructional materials are delivered to learners outside of class, reserving class time for application of new principles with peers and instructors. Active learning has forever been an elusive ideal in medical education, but the flipped class model is relatively new to medical education. What is the evidence for the "flipped classroom," and how can these techniques be applied to the teaching of dermatology to trainees at all stages of their medical careers?...
April 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505078/instructor-created-activities-to-engage-undergraduate-nursing-research-students
#10
Linda L Pierce, Kristina M Reuille
BACKGROUND: In flipped or blended classrooms, instruction intentionally shifts to a student-centered model for a problem-based learning approach, where class time explores topics in greater depth, creating meaningful learning opportunities. METHOD: This article describes instructor-created activities focused on research processes linked to evidence-based practice that engage undergraduate nursing research students. In the classroom, these activities include individual and team work to foster critical thinking and stimulate student discussion of topic material...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505077/mobile-devices-a-distraction-or-a-useful-tool-to-engage-nursing-students
#11
Cara Gallegos, Hannah Nakashima
BACKGROUND: Engaging nursing students in theoretical courses, such as research, can be challenging. Innovative instructional strategies are essential to engage nursing students in theoretical nursing courses. METHOD: This article describes an educational innovation using technology as a tool in an undergraduate nursing research class. All students in the course received iPads for the semester. Lecture material was presented in class using Nearpod, an interactive presentation embedded with slides, multimedia components, and learning activities...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505075/flipped-classroom-do-students-perceive-readiness-for-advanced-discussion
#12
Carrie Ann Hoover, Georgia Ann Dinndorf-Hogenson, Jennifer Lee Peterson, Bethany Renae Tollefson, Jodi Lisbeth Berndt, Nikki Laudenbach
BACKGROUND: Use of the flipped classroom model is recognized as a popular method of instruction. Effective preclass preparation methods can create more time for instructors to reinforce application, evaluation, and analysis of information using active learning strategies. METHOD: This quasi-experimental study used a convenience sample of 42 third-year baccalaureate nursing students. Students were randomized into two groups and received either a narrated video (vodcast) or guided readings for the preclass preparation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492071/flipped-classroom-instructional-approach-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#13
Syeda Sadia Fatima, Fazal Manzoor Arain, Syed Ather Enam
Objective: In this study we implemented the "flipped classroom" model to enhance active learning in medical students taking neurosciences module at Aga Khan University, Karachi. Methods: Ninety eight undergraduate medical students participated in this study. The study was conducted from January till March 2017. Study material was provided to students in form of video lecture and reading material for the non-face to face sitting, while face to face time was spent on activities such as case solving, group discussions, and quizzes to consolidate learning under the supervision of faculty...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490794/educational-tools-to-introduce-computer-aided-drug-design-to-students-and-to-the-public-at-large
#14
Antoine Daina, Marie-Claude Blatter, Vivienne Baillie Gerritsen, Vincent Zoete
The Drug Design Workshop initiative was put in place in 2015 and consists of a collection of educational tools especially developed to introduce computer-aided drug design to the general public and students of various levels. These presentations, hands-on sessions, physical material and on-line educational tools (http://www.drug-design-workshop.ch) have been used in a variety of settings including classrooms, universities, teacher training sessions and science fairs. The main goal is to inform an audience as broad as possible regarding the processes and challenges for the design, discovery and development of drugs...
February 1, 2018: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488291/clinicians-views-of-the-training-use-and-maintenance-of-phonetic-transcription-in-speech-and-language-therapy
#15
Rachael-Anne Knight, Chandni Bandali, Clare Woodhead, Parul Vansadia
BACKGROUND: The critical role of phonetic transcription in the assessment, diagnosis and management of speech disorders is well established and thus pre-registration degrees dedicate numerous hours to phonetic training. However, this training is not always fully used in clinical work and clinicians may find it difficult to maintain their skills, suggesting a 'theory/practice gap'. AIMS: This paper surveys speech and language therapists' (SLTs) views of their training, practice and maintenance of transcription in order to investigate the posited theory/practice gap and to explore how education in phonetics is translated into practice...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474851/active-learning-improves-on-task-behaviors-in-4th-grade-children
#16
J B Bartholomew, N M Golaszewski, E Jowers, E Korinek, G Roberts, A Fall, S Vaughn
While increased opportunities for physical activity (PA) are a critical, public health need for children, school-based interventions often place teachers in the position to choose between PA and time spent on academic lessons. Active learning is designed to overcome this by combining PA with academic material. Moreover, teachers are likely to be more responsive to change in academic-related outcomes than in PA. This study utilizes a large, cluster randomized control trial in which student attention, or time on task (TOT) and accelerometer-based PA is assessed in conjunction with active learning...
February 20, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474792/academic-based-and-aerobic-only-movement-breaks-are-there-differential-effects-on-physical-activity-and-achievement
#17
Alicia L Fedewa, Elizabeth Fettrow, Heather Erwin, Soyeon Ahn, Minnah Farook
PURPOSE: This study investigated the academic achievement and physical activity differences between types of activity breaks implemented in elementary school classrooms. This study evaluated whether there was a difference between the impact of purely aerobic-based movement breaks and the impact of academic-based breaks on children's academic achievement outcomes. METHOD: Participants included 460 children in 3rd grade through 5th grade at 4 elementary schools. There were 176 children in the schools that engaged in academic-based breaks and 284 in the schools that engaged in aerobic-only breaks...
February 23, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471418/skin-specific-training-experience-of-workers-assessed-for-contact-dermatitis
#18
B Zack, V Arrandale, D L Holness
Background: Contact dermatitis is a common and preventable work-related disease. Skin-specific training may be effective for preventing occupational contact dermatitis, but little information is available regarding actual workplace training and its effectiveness. Aims: To describe workplace skin-specific training among workers with suspected contact dermatitis. Methods: Patch test patients being assessed for suspected contact dermatitis at an occupational health clinic in Toronto, Canada, completed a questionnaire on training experiences, workplace characteristics, exposures and skin protection practices...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457760/a-systematic-review-of-serious-games-in-medical-education-quality-of-evidence-and-pedagogical-strategy
#19
Iouri Gorbanev, Sandra Agudelo-Londoño, Rafael A González, Ariel Cortes, Alexandra Pomares, Vivian Delgadillo, Francisco J Yepes, Óscar Muñoz
INTRODUCTION: The literature shows an optimistic landscape for the effectiveness of games in medical education. Nevertheless, games are not considered mainstream material in medical teaching. Two research questions that arise are the following: What pedagogical strategies do developers use when creating games for medical education? And what is the quality of the evidence on the effectiveness of games? METHODS: A systematic review was made by a multi-disciplinary team of researchers following the Cochrane Collaboration Guidelines...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456075/qualitative-analysis-of-a-cultural-dexterity-program-for-surgeons-feasible-impactful-and-necessary
#20
Rhea Udyavar, Douglas S Smink, John T Mullen, Tara S Kent, A Green, Alyssa F Harlow, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Alexandra B Columbus, Adil H Haider
OBJECTIVES: Ineffective cross-cultural communication contributes to adverse outcomes for minority patients. To address this, the authors developed a novel curriculum for surgical residents built on the principle of cultural dexterity, emphasizing adaptability to clinical and sociocultural circumstances to tailor care to the needs of the individual patient. This study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and perception of this program upon conclusion of its first year...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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