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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238327/transmission-of-airborne-bacteria-across-built-environments-and-its-measurement-standards-a-review
#1
REVIEW
So Fujiyoshi, Daisuke Tanaka, Fumito Maruyama
Human health is influenced by various factors including microorganisms present in built environments where people spend most of their lives (approximately 90%). It is therefore necessary to monitor and control indoor airborne microbes for occupational safety and public health. Most studies concerning airborne microorganisms have focused on fungi, with scant data available concerning bacteria. The present review considers papers published from 2010 to 2017 approximately and factors affecting properties of indoor airborne bacteria (communities and concentration) with respect to temporal perspective and to multiscale interaction viewpoint...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233276/comparison-of-long-term-knowledge-retention-in-lecture-based-versus-flipped-team-based-learning-course-delivery
#2
Catherine Taglieri, David Schnee, Lana Dvorkin Camiel, Kathy Zaiken, Amee Mistry, Stefanie Nigro, Gary Tataronis, Dhiren Patel, Susan Jacobson, Jennifer Goldman
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether team based learning (TBL) is superior to traditional lecture -based learning in confidence and knowledge retention one year later. DESIGN: A survey was administered 17 months after a completion of a required over-the-counter /self-care (OTC) course to two different cohorts of students. The survey assessed confidence and knowledge related to OTC topics. The lecture group had a traditional lecture based classroom experience; the intervention group experienced a TBL format throughout the entire course...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213498/program-of-neuropsychological-stimulation-of-cognition-in-students-emphasis-on-executive-functions-development-and-evidence-of-content-validity
#3
Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso, Natália Martins Dias, Alessandra Gotuzo Seabra, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Objective: The goal of this study was to describe the construction process and content validity evidence of an early and preventive intervention program for stimulating executive functions (EF) in Elementary School children within the school environment. Methods: The process has followed the recommended steps for creating neuropsychological instruments: internal phase of program organization, with literature search and analyses of available materials in the classroom; program construction; analysis by expert judges; data integration and program finalization...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196330/dental-students-study-habits-in-flipped-blended-classrooms-and-their-association-with-active-learning-practices
#4
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Gloria J Redford, Brenda S Bohaty
In recognition of the importance for dental education programs to take a student-centered approach in which students are encouraged to take responsibility for their learning, a pediatric dentistry course redesign aimed at promoting greater active and self-directed learning was implemented at one U.S. dental school. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the students' self-reported study habits and active learning practices necessary for meaningful learning in the flipped/blended classroom...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173580/building-the-pipeline-programs-to-introduce-middle-school-high-school-medical-and-veterinary-students-to-careers-in-epidemiology-and-public-health
#5
Ralph L Cordell, Kelly L Cordeira, Laurence P Cohen, Diana M Bensyl
PURPOSE: This report describes Centers for Disease Control and Prevention programs that expose students to epidemiology and public health sciences (EPHS). METHODS: The Science Ambassador workshop targets middle and high school teachers and promotes teaching EPHS in the classroom. The National Science Olympiad Disease Detectives event is an extracurricular science competition for middle and high school students based on investigations of outbreaks and other public health problems...
November 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164544/-construction-and-application-of-innovative-education-technology-strategies-in-nursing
#6
Li-Fen Chao, Hsiang-Ping Huang, Lee-Fen Ni, Chia-Lan Tsai, Tsuey-Yuan Huang
The evolution of information and communication technologies has deeply impacted education reform, promoted the development of digital-learning models, and stimulated the development of diverse nursing education strategies in order to better fulfill needs and expand in new directions. The present paper introduces the intelligent-learning resources that are available for basic medical science education, problem-based learning, nursing scenario-based learning, objective structured clinical examinations, and other similar activities in the Department of Nursing at Chang Gung University of Science and Technology...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164543/-exploration-of-recent-mobile-technologies-applied-in-nursing-education
#7
Ting-Ting Wu, Yi-Chen Lu, Lei Chang
The development of science and technology has fundamentally changed people's lives and the way that medical systems function. Increasingly, mobile technologies are being introduced and integrated into classroom teaching and clinical applications, resulting in healthcare providers introducing innovative applications into health education. These applications enhance the clinical, education, and research expertise of medical staffs and nurses, while improving quality of care and providing new experiences for patients...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161268/nucleic-acid-purification-from-plants-animals-and-microbes-in-under-30-seconds
#8
Yiping Zou, Michael Glenn Mason, Yuling Wang, Eugene Wee, Conny Turni, Patrick J Blackall, Matt Trau, Jose Ramon Botella
Nucleic acid amplification is a powerful molecular biology tool, although its use outside the modern laboratory environment is limited due to the relatively cumbersome methods required to extract nucleic acids from biological samples. To address this issue, we investigated a variety of materials for their suitability for nucleic acid capture and purification. We report here that untreated cellulose-based paper can rapidly capture nucleic acids within seconds and retain them during a single washing step, while contaminants present in complex biological samples are quickly removed...
November 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146572/cognitive-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-following-birth-before-26-weeks-of-gestation-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Dieter Wolke, Helen O'Reilly, Joan K Morris, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Neil Marlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trajectory of cognitive test scores from infancy to adulthood in individuals born extremely preterm compared with term-born individuals. DESIGN: A prospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: 276 maternity units in the UK and Ireland. PATIENTS: 315 surviving infants born less than 26 completed weeks of gestation recruited at birth in 1995 and 160 term-born classroom controls recruited at age 6...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128650/parent-and-child-care-provider-partnerships-protocol-for-the-healthy-me-healthy-we-hmhw-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#10
Heidi Hennink-Kaminski, Amber E Vaughn, Derek Hales, Reneé H Moore, Courtney T Luecking, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Formation of diet and physical activity habits begins during early childhood. However, many preschool-aged children in the United States do not achieve recommendations for a nutritious diet or active lifestyle. Two important spheres of influence, home and child care, could ensure that children receive consistent health messages. Innovative approaches that engage both parents and child care providers in a substantial way are needed. Social marketing, a promising approach for health promotion targeting children, uses principles that recognize the need to engage multiple stakeholders and to emphasize benefits and overcome barriers associated with behavior change...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104913/prequestions-do-not-enhance-the-benefits-of-retrieval-in-a-stem-classroom
#11
Jason Geller, Shana K Carpenter, Monica H Lamm, Shuhebur Rahman, Patrick I Armstrong, Clark R Coffman
Answering questions before a learning episode-"prequestions"-can enhance memory for that information. A number of studies have explored this effect in the laboratory; however, few studies have examined prequestions in a classroom setting. In the current study, the effects of prequestions were examined in an undergraduate course in chemical engineering. At the start of several class meetings, students were provided with a prequestion to answer about the upcoming lesson, and then were asked to provide ratings of confidence in their answers, familiarity with the content in the prequestion, and how much of the assigned reading they had completed...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096591/comparison-between-flipped-classroom-and-lecture-based-classroom-in-ophthalmology-clerkship
#12
Fen Tang, Chuan Chen, Yi Zhu, Chengguo Zuo, Yimin Zhong, Nan Wang, Lijun Zhou, Yuxian Zou, Dan Liang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the flipped classroom method of teaching has received much attention in health sciences education. However, the application of flipped classrooms in ophthalmology education has not been well investigated. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of the flipped classroom approach to teaching ophthalmology at the clerkship level. DESIGN: Ninety-five fourth year medical students in an ophthalmology clerkship were randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067054/the-potential-effect-of-technology-and-distractions-on-undergraduate-students-concentration
#13
Najya A Attia, Lubna Baig, Yousef I Marzouk, Anwar Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the present era, it is difficult to keep the concentration of college students at its maximum potential during the class time, as there are many distractions that negatively impact students' concentration and prevent optimal learning. Technologies such as laptops and cell phones have invaded the classroom, raising considerable concerns about their effects on college students' attention in the classroom. Despite these concerns, no research has been done in Saudi Arabia on the effects of technology and other types of classroom distractions on students' concentration...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029969/cross-year-peer-assisted-learning-using-the-inverted-flipped-classroom-design-a-pilot-study-in-dentistry
#14
Maximilian Quoß, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep
BACKGROUND: The inverted classroom model (ICM) represents a special combination of online and attendance learning. The implementation of the didactic concept of "peer-assisted learning" (PAL) within an ICM design has not yet been described in the literature for the field of restorative dentistry. OBJECTIVE: It was the goal of the present study to develop an ICM offering in a cross-year PAL format (ICM-cyPAL), and then introduce and evaluate it. METHOD: The pilot project was conducted at the dental clinic at the Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, where following its conceptual development and implementation with three consecutive cohorts of students in their first clinical semester (the sixth semester at university) the ICM-cyPAL offering was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973967/-it-s-a-battle%C3%A2-you-want-to-do-it-but-how-will-you-get-it-done-teachers-and-principals-perceptions-of-implementing-additional-physical-activity-in-school-for-academic-performance
#15
Vera van den Berg, Rosanne Salimi, Renate H M de Groot, Jelle Jolles, Mai J M Chinapaw, Amika S Singh
School is an ideal setting to promote and increase physical activity (PA) in children. However, implementation of school-based PA programmes seems difficult, in particular due to schools' focus on academic performance and a lack of involvement of school staff in program development. The potential cognitive and academic benefits of PA might increase chances of successful implementation. Therefore, the aim of this qualitative study was: (1) to explore the perceptions of teachers and principals with regard to implementation of additional PA aimed at improving cognitive and academic performance, and (2) to identify characteristics of PA programmes that according to them are feasible in daily school practice...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970604/influence-of-reading-material-characteristics-on-study-time-for-pre-class-quizzes-in-a-flipped-classroom
#16
Adam M Persky, Abigail Hogg
Objective. To examine how instructor-developed reading material relates to pre-class time spent preparing for the readiness assurance process (RAP) in a team-based learning (TBL) course. Methods. Students within pharmacokinetics and physiology were asked to self-report the amount of time spent studying for the RAP. Correlation analysis and multilevel linear regression techniques were used to identify factors within the pre-class reading material that contribute to self-reported study time. Results. On average students spent 3...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945994/efficacy-of-empathy-training-in-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Pilar Bas-Sarmiento, Martina Fernández-Gutiérrez, María Baena-Baños, Jose Manuel Romero-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Empathy is a competency to be learned by nurses and a therapeutic tool in the helping relationship that has repercussions on the health of both patients and professionals. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of an experiential training for improving the empathy of nursing students in terms of capacity building, empathic performance and increased learning perception and retention of the material. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study of a single group with pretest-posttest measurements of the educational intervention and follow-up at one month after the training...
December 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923520/exploring-associations-between-state-education-initiatives-and-teachers-sleep-a-social-ecological-approach
#18
Kaori Fujishiro, Amy N Farley, Marie Kellemen, Christopher M Swoboda
Social policies that are not specifically aimed at impacting health can still have health consequences. State education reforms, such as standardized testing and stringent accountability for schools and teachers, may affect teacher health by changing their working conditions. This study explores associations between state education initiatives and teachers' sleep, an important predictor of productivity and chronic health conditions. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013 and 2014 data sets provided sleep and demographic data for 7836 teachers in 29 states in the United States...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890922/concept-and-benefits-of-the-inverted-classroom-method-for-a-competency-based-biochemistry-course-in-the-pre-clinical-stage-of-a-human-medicine-course-of-studies
#19
Susanne J Kühl, Matthias Toberer, Oliver Keis, Daniel Tolks, Martin R Fischer, Michael Kühl
Background: Medical students often have a problem recognising the relevance of basic science subjects for their later professional work in the pre-clinical stage of their studies. This can lead to a lower motivation to learn biochemical content and dissatisfaction in the courses amongst the students. Alternative teaching methods such as the Inverted Classroom (IC) method can address this deficiency. The goal of this study was: to analyse the motivation and satisfaction of the students in a biochemistry seminar through the use of the e-learning-based IC method, to investigate the acceptance against the IC teaching method in biochemistry, and to compare the learning success achieved using the IC approach with that of a traditional course...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873917/universal-design-across-the-curriculum-training-for-students-and-teachers
#20
Trish MacKeogh, James Hubbard, Kieran O'Callaghan
Providing an inclusive educational setting for children with disabilities is essential if they are to truly benefit from mainstream education. Universal design (UD) provides a framework to develop our classrooms, materials and methods to accommodate diverse learners and students with special educational needs without the need to retrofit or remove the student from the classroom. This paper outlines the theory and the approach of two training courses on Universal Design developed for teachers and students.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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