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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532138/a-case-based-shared-teaching-approach-in-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-a-way-for-integration-in-basic-and-clinical-sciences
#1
Soheil Peiman, Azim Mirzazadeh, Maryam Alizadeh, Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad-Taghi Najafi, Abbas Tafakhori, Farnoosh Larti, Besharat Rahimi, Babak Geraiely, Parichehr Pasbakhsh, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Fatemeh Nabavizadeh Rafsanjani, Mohammad Ansari, Seyed Farshad Allameh
To present a multiple-instructor, active-learning strategy in the undergraduate medical curriculum. This educational research is a descriptive one. Shared teaching sessions, were designed for undergraduate medical students in six organ-system based courses. Sessions that involved in-class discussions of integrated clinical cases were designed implemented and moderated by at least 3 faculties (clinicians and basic scientists). The participants in this study include the basic sciences medical students of The Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512512/learning-about-chemiosmosis-and-atp-synthesis-with-animations-outside-of-the-classroom
#2
Eric E Goff, Katie M Reindl, Christina Johnson, Phillip McClean, Erika G Offerdahl, Noah L Schroeder, Alan R White
Many undergraduate biology courses have begun to implement instructional strategies aimed at increasing student interaction with course material outside of the classroom. Two examples of such practices are introducing students to concepts as preparation prior to instruction, and as conceptual reinforcement after the instructional period. Using a three-group design, we investigate the impact of an animation developed as part of the Virtual Cell Animation Collection on the topic of concentration gradients and their role in the actions of ATP synthase as a means of pre-class preparation or post-class reinforcement compared with a no-intervention control group...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449610/using-twitter-to-increase-content-dissemination-and-control-educational-content-with-presenter-initiated-and-generated-live-educational-tweets-piglets
#3
Sarah Tomlinson, Mary Haas, L Melissa Skaugset, Stephen J Cico, Margaret Wolff, Sally Santen, Michelle Lin, Robert Huang
Live-tweeting during educational presentations is typically learner-generated and can lead to misquoted information. Presenter curated tweets have not been well described. We created Presenter Initiated and Generated Live Educational Tweets (PIGLETs) with the goal to broaden the reach of educational conferences. We hypothesized that using PIGLETs would increase the reach and exposure of our material. We developed a prospective single-arm intervention study performed during the "Not Another Boring Lecture" workshops presented at two national conferences in 2015...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420487/personal-protective-equipment-solution-for-uk-military-medical-personnel-working-in-an-ebola-virus-disease-treatment-unit-in-sierra-leone
#4
P Reidy, T Fletcher, C Shieber, J Shallcross, H Towler, M Ping, L Kenworthy, N Silman, E Aarons
The combination of personal protective equipment (PPE) together with donning and doffing protocols was designed to protect British and Canadian military medical personnel in the Kerry Town Ebola Treatment Unit (ETU) in Sierra Leone. The PPE solution was selected to protect medical staff from infectious risks, notably Ebola virus, and chemical (hypochlorite) exposure. PPE maximized dexterity, enabled personnel to work in hot temperatures for periods of up to 2h, protected mucosal membranes when doffing outer layers, and minimized potential contamination of the doffing area with infectious material by reducing the requirement to spray PPE with hypochlorite...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420232/gas-phase-carboxylic-acids-in-a-university-classroom-abundance-variability-and-sources
#5
Shang Liu, Samantha L Thompson, Harald Stark, Paul J Ziemann, Jose L Jimenez
Gas-phase carboxylic acids are ubiquitous in ambient air, yet their indoor occurrence and abundance are poorly characterized. To fill this gap, we measured gas-phase carboxylic acids in real-time inside and outside of a university classroom using a high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer (HRToF-CIMS) equipped with an acetate ion source. A wide variety of carboxylic acids were identified indoors and outdoors, including monoacids, diacids, hydroxy acids, carbonyl acids, and aromatic acids...
May 2, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401429/learning-at-large-conferences-from-the-sage-on-the-stage-to-contemporary-models-of-learning
#6
Dario Torre, Annalisa Manca, Steven Durning, Janusz Janczukowicz, David Taylor, Jennifer Cleland
AIM: To explore and evaluate the affordances of a flipped classroom model applied to a research paper session within the professional development opportunity of a large conference setting. METHOD: Authors were invited to present their research papers in a flipped classroom presentation format at two large, multi-national conferences. Before the session, authors and moderators met online to clarify features of the session, and preparation of the material. The research material was then posted online before the conference, to allow access by meeting attendees...
April 11, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384167/facing-the-challenges-in-ophthalmology-clerkship-teaching-is-flipped-classroom-the-answer
#7
Ying Lin, Yi Zhu, Chuan Chen, Wei Wang, Tingting Chen, Tao Li, Yonghao Li, Bingqian Liu, Yu Lian, Lin Lu, Yuxian Zou, Yizhi Liu
Recent reform of medical education highlights the growing concerns about the capability of the current educational model to equip medical school students with essential skills for future career development. In the field of ophthalmology, although many attempts have been made to address the problem of the decreasing teaching time and the increasing load of course content, a growing body of literature indicates the need to reform the current ophthalmology teaching strategies. Flipped classroom is a new pedagogical model in which students develop a basic understanding of the course materials before class, and use in-class time for learner-centered activities, such as group discussion and presentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382673/association-of-school-characteristics-and-implementation-in-the-x-it-study-a-school-randomized-smoking-prevention-program
#8
Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Annette K Ersbøll, Mogens T Damsgaard, Anette Andersen
BACKGROUND: Assessment of implementation is essential for the evaluation of school-based preventive activities. Interventions are more easily implemented in schools if detailed instructional manuals, lesson plans, and materials are provided; however, implementation may also be affected by other factors than the intervention itself-for example, school-level characteristics, such as principal support and organizational capacity. We examined school-level characteristics of schools in groups of high, medium, and low implementation of a smoking prevention intervention...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369118/do-school-classrooms-meet-the-visual-requirements-of-children-and-recommended-vision-standards
#9
Kalpa Negiloni, Krishna Kumar Ramani, Rachapalle Reddi Sudhir
BACKGROUND: Visual demands of school children tend to vary with diverse classroom environments. The study aimed to evaluate the distance and near Visual Acuity (VA) demand in Indian school classrooms and their comparison with the recommended vision standards. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distance and near VA demands were assessed in 33 classrooms (grades 4 to 12) of eight schools. The VA threshold demand relied on the smallest size of distance and near visual task material and viewing distance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277691/timing-of-quizzes-during-learning-effects-on-motivation-and-retention
#10
Alice F Healy, Matt Jones, Lakshmi A Lalchandani, Lindsay Anderson Tack
This article investigates how the timing of quizzes given during learning impacts retention of studied material. We investigated the hypothesis that interspersing quizzes among study blocks increases student engagement, thus improving learning. Participants learned 8 artificial facts about each of 8 plant categories, with the categories blocked during learning. Quizzes about 4 of the 8 facts from each category occurred either immediately after studying the facts for that category (standard) or after studying the facts from all 8 categories (postponed)...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268950/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#11
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259241/is-psychological-membership-in-the-classroom-a-function-of-standing-out-while-fitting-in-implications-for-achievement-motivation-and-emotions
#12
DeLeon L Gray
Education researchers have consistently linked students' perceptions of "fitting in" at school with patterns of motivation and positive emotions. This study proposes that "standing out" is also helpful for producing these outcomes, and that standing out works in concert with perceptions of fitting in. In a sample of 702 high school students nested within 33 classrooms, principal components analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were each conducted on half of the sample. Results support the proposed structure of measures of standing out and fitting in...
April 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247508/challenging-conversations-with-simulated-patients
#13
Diane Dennis, Anne Furness, Sharon Parry
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based learning (SBL) activities in the health sciences provide students with opportunities to interact with realistic patients and environments. This study aimed to develop and then implement a novel activity using simulation for a large group of mostly millennial physiotherapy students, to enhance their ability to communicate with a challenging patient and to assess their motivation to learn. METHODS: Students enrolled in a second-year communication unit were invited to participate in a non-compulsory unique SBL activity in groups of four for 40 minutes, undertaking two 5-minute simulation scenarios and two debriefing sessions...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242511/kind-discipline-developing-a-conceptual-model-of-a-promising-school-discipline-approach
#14
Jennifer L Winkler, Michele E Walsh, Madeleine de Blois, Jeannette Maré, Scott C Carvajal
This formative evaluation develops a novel conceptual model for a discipline approach fostering intrinsic motivation and positive relationships in schools. We used concept mapping to elicit and integrate perspectives on kind discipline from teachers, administrators, and other school staff. Three core themes describing kind discipline emerged from 11 identified clusters: (1) proactively developing a positive school climate, (2) responding to conflict with empathy, accountability, and skill, and (3) supporting staff skills in understanding and sharing expectations...
June 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237849/the-design-process-of-a-multimodal-module-that-synthesized-knowledge-across-nursing-courses
#15
EDITORIAL
Linda Wolf, Pamela Rutar, Cheryl Delgado, Joan Niederriter
BACKGROUND: Nursing faculty are being challenged to increase the use of technology in the classroom. Use of technology addresses multiple learning styles, increases student engagement, encourages active learning and improves students' attention. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate student satisfaction to a faculty designed multimedia teaching strategy. DESIGN: Cross sectional design with data collected over six semesters from six cohorts of nursing students...
February 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231405/three-dimensional-printing-of-x-ray-computed-tomography-datasets-with-multiple-materials-using-open-source-data-processing
#16
Ian M Sander, Matthew T McGoldrick, My N Helms, Aislinn Betts, Anthony van Avermaete, Elizabeth Owers, Evan Doney, Taimi Liepert, Glen Niebur, Douglas Liepert, W Matthew Leevy
Advances in three-dimensional (3D) printing allow for digital files to be turned into a "printed" physical product. For example, complex anatomical models derived from clinical or pre-clinical X-ray computed tomography (CT) data of patients or research specimens can be constructed using various printable materials. Although 3D printing has the potential to advance learning, many academic programs have been slow to adopt its use in the classroom despite increased availability of the equipment and digital databases already established for educational use...
February 23, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227156/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#17
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, Heather Danielsen, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#18
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
March 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182528/logged-in-and-zoned-out
#19
Susan M Ravizza, Mitchell G Uitvlugt, Kimberly M Fenn
Laptop computers are widely prevalent in university classrooms. Although laptops are a valuable tool, they offer access to a distracting temptation: the Internet. In the study reported here, we assessed the relationship between classroom performance and actual Internet usage for academic and nonacademic purposes. Students who were enrolled in an introductory psychology course logged into a proxy server that monitored their online activity during class. Past research relied on self-report, but the current methodology objectively measured time, frequency, and browsing history of participants' Internet usage...
February 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179725/introduction-and-assessment-of-a-blended-learning-model-to-teach-patient-assessment-in-a-doctor-of-pharmacy-program
#20
William Allan Prescott, Ashley Woodruff, Gina M Prescott, Nicole Albanese, Christian Bernhardi, Fred Doloresco
Objective. To integrate a blended-learning model into a two-course patient assessment sequence in a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program and to assess the academic performance and perceptions of enrolled students. Design. A blended-learning model consisting of a flipped classroom format was integrated into a patient assessment (PA) course sequence. Course grades of students in the blended-learning (intervention) and traditional-classroom (control) groups were compared. A survey was administered to assess student perceptions...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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