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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639980/improving-student-receptivity-to-abortion-care-education
#1
Pat Mahaffee Gingrich
Letting nursing students develop resilience in the presence of moral complexity improves compassionate patient care for women contemplating abortion. Nursing education needs to include quality materials on abortion care in order to create educated providers and citizens. Some students are resistant or conflicted about this topic. A preclass optional, anonymous survey allows students the opportunity to voice concerns about this sensitive topic and guides the instructor in designing class materials. Resulting classroom dialogue is less heated and more collegial, enabling students to examine and process this complex professional practice issue and practice navigating ethical dilemmas...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635545/current-asthma-respiratory-symptoms-and-airway-infections-among-students-in-relation-to-the-school-and-home-environment-in-japan
#2
Motoko Takaoka, Kyoko Suzuki, Dan Norbäck
OBJECTIVE: To study associations between the school and home environment and current asthma, respiratory symptoms and airway infections among Japanese students. METHODS: Japanese students (12-15 y) (N = 1048) in four schools responded to a questionnaire on respiratory health, allergy and the home environment. Temperature, relative air humidity (RH) and student density (students/m(2) floor area) was measured in the classrooms: dust was collected from floors and in classroom air and analysed for cat (Fel d 1) and dog (Can f 1) allergens...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598040/doing-the-research-that-informs-practice-a-retrospective-view-of-one-group-s-attempt-to-study-the-teaching-and-learning-of-organic-chemistry
#3
George M Bodner, Rob Ferguson, Selçuk Çalimsiz
The idea that the focus of educational research should be on results that can inform the practice of teaching has been an implicit assumption for so many years that one would be hard-pressed to trace it back to an individual source. At one time, the people doing such research in STEM disciplines were faculty in schools or colleges of education who focused on K-12 classrooms and looked for ideas, concepts, and principles that would be valid across a range of STEM disciplines. Eventually, this research was done on college- or university-level students, as well, and there was a shift toward what has been called discipline-based educational research (DBER) that looks at the problems associated with the teaching and learning of a given discipline, such as chemistry...
June 9, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588157/an-evaluation-of-faculty-wise-teaching-performance-in-a-public-medical-college-of-bangladesh
#4
M K Khan, M R Hassan, S K Saha, M S Basher, S Kabir, A N Naushad
Teaching is a complex and demanding activity that involves Mastery of content, classroom control and techniques of organization and command of teaching skills. Teachers' continuous engagement in learning, skill acquisition and refinement to practice is essential for meeting student learning needs. Medical education is principally centered on the transmission of medical knowledge and assisting medical students to acquire the necessary skills and attitudes associated with medical practice. Evaluation of teaching is important in the teaching-learning process...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580669/implementing-and-evaluating-environmental-and-policy-interventions-for-promoting-physical-activity-in-rural-schools
#5
Elizabeth A Baker, Michael Elliott, Ellen Barnidge, Amy Estlund, Ross C Brownson, Anne Milne, Freda Kershaw, Derek Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Schools are an important setting for improving behaviors associated with obesity, including physical activity. However, within schools there is often a tension between spending time on activities promoting academic achievement and those promoting physical activity. METHODS: A community-based intervention provided administrators and teachers with a training on evidence-based public health and then collaborated with them to identify and implement environmental (walking track) and local school policy interventions (brain breaks)...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562094/cyberbullying-prevention-and-intervention-efforts-current-knowledge-and-future-directions
#6
Dorothy L Espelage, Jun Sung Hong
Bullying is a serious public health concern that is associated with significant negative mental, social, and physical outcomes. Technological advances have increased adolescents' use of social media, and online communication platforms have exposed adolescents to another mode of bullying- cyberbullying. Prevention and intervention materials, from websites and tip sheets to classroom curriculum, have been developed to help youth, parents, and teachers address cyberbullying. While youth and parents are willing to disclose their experiences with bullying to their health care providers, these disclosures need to be taken seriously and handled in a caring manner...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532138/a-case-based-shared-teaching-approach-in-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-a-way-for-integration-in-basic-and-clinical-sciences
#7
Soheil Peiman, Azim Mirzazadeh, Maryam Alizadeh, Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad-Taghi Najafi, Abbas Tafakhori, Farnoosh Larti, Besharat Rahimi, Babak Geraiely, Parichehr Pasbakhsh, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Fatemeh Nabavizadeh Rafsanjani, Mohammad Ansari, Seyed Farshad Allameh
To present a multiple-instructor, active-learning strategy in the undergraduate medical curriculum. This educational research is a descriptive one. Shared teaching sessions, were designed for undergraduate medical students in six organ-system based courses. Sessions that involved in-class discussions of integrated clinical cases were designed implemented and moderated by at least 3 faculties (clinicians and basic scientists). The participants in this study include the basic sciences medical students of The Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512512/learning-about-chemiosmosis-and-atp-synthesis-with-animations-outside-of-the-classroom
#8
Eric E Goff, Katie M Reindl, Christina Johnson, Phillip McClean, Erika G Offerdahl, Noah L Schroeder, Alan R White
Many undergraduate biology courses have begun to implement instructional strategies aimed at increasing student interaction with course material outside of the classroom. Two examples of such practices are introducing students to concepts as preparation prior to instruction, and as conceptual reinforcement after the instructional period. Using a three-group design, we investigate the impact of an animation developed as part of the Virtual Cell Animation Collection on the topic of concentration gradients and their role in the actions of ATP synthase as a means of pre-class preparation or post-class reinforcement compared with a no-intervention control group...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449610/using-twitter-to-increase-content-dissemination-and-control-educational-content-with-presenter-initiated-and-generated-live-educational-tweets-piglets
#9
Sarah Tomlinson, Mary Haas, L Melissa Skaugset, Stephen J Cico, Margaret Wolff, Sally Santen, Michelle Lin, Robert Huang
Live-tweeting during educational presentations is typically learner-generated and can lead to misquoted information. Presenter curated tweets have not been well described. We created Presenter Initiated and Generated Live Educational Tweets (PIGLETs) with the goal to broaden the reach of educational conferences. We hypothesized that using PIGLETs would increase the reach and exposure of our material. We developed a prospective single-arm intervention study performed during the "Not Another Boring Lecture" workshops presented at two national conferences in 2015...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420487/personal-protective-equipment-solution-for-uk-military-medical-personnel-working-in-an-ebola-virus-disease-treatment-unit-in-sierra-leone
#10
P Reidy, T Fletcher, C Shieber, J Shallcross, H Towler, M Ping, L Kenworthy, N Silman, E Aarons
The combination of personal protective equipment (PPE) together with donning and doffing protocols was designed to protect British and Canadian military medical personnel in the Kerry Town Ebola Treatment Unit (ETU) in Sierra Leone. The PPE solution was selected to protect medical staff from infectious risks, notably Ebola virus, and chemical (hypochlorite) exposure. PPE maximized dexterity, enabled personnel to work in hot temperatures for periods of up to 2h, protected mucosal membranes when doffing outer layers, and minimized potential contamination of the doffing area with infectious material by reducing the requirement to spray PPE with hypochlorite...
May 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420232/gas-phase-carboxylic-acids-in-a-university-classroom-abundance-variability-and-sources
#11
Shang Liu, Samantha L Thompson, Harald Stark, Paul J Ziemann, Jose L Jimenez
Gas-phase carboxylic acids are ubiquitous in ambient air, yet their indoor occurrence and abundance are poorly characterized. To fill this gap, we measured gas-phase carboxylic acids in real-time inside and outside of a university classroom using a high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer (HRToF-CIMS) equipped with an acetate ion source. A wide variety of carboxylic acids were identified indoors and outdoors, including monoacids, diacids, hydroxy acids, carbonyl acids, and aromatic acids...
May 2, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401429/learning-at-large-conferences-from-the-sage-on-the-stage-to-contemporary-models-of-learning
#12
Dario Torre, Annalisa Manca, Steven Durning, Janusz Janczukowicz, David Taylor, Jennifer Cleland
AIM: To explore and evaluate the affordances of a flipped classroom model applied to a research paper session within the professional development opportunity of a large conference setting. METHOD: Authors were invited to present their research papers in a flipped classroom presentation format at two large, multi-national conferences. Before the session, authors and moderators met online to clarify features of the session, and preparation of the material. The research material was then posted online before the conference, to allow access by meeting attendees...
April 11, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384167/facing-the-challenges-in-ophthalmology-clerkship-teaching-is-flipped-classroom-the-answer
#13
Ying Lin, Yi Zhu, Chuan Chen, Wei Wang, Tingting Chen, Tao Li, Yonghao Li, Bingqian Liu, Yu Lian, Lin Lu, Yuxian Zou, Yizhi Liu
Recent reform of medical education highlights the growing concerns about the capability of the current educational model to equip medical school students with essential skills for future career development. In the field of ophthalmology, although many attempts have been made to address the problem of the decreasing teaching time and the increasing load of course content, a growing body of literature indicates the need to reform the current ophthalmology teaching strategies. Flipped classroom is a new pedagogical model in which students develop a basic understanding of the course materials before class, and use in-class time for learner-centered activities, such as group discussion and presentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382673/association-of-school-characteristics-and-implementation-in-the-x-it-study-a-school-randomized-smoking-prevention-program
#14
Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Annette K Ersbøll, Mogens T Damsgaard, Anette Andersen
BACKGROUND: Assessment of implementation is essential for the evaluation of school-based preventive activities. Interventions are more easily implemented in schools if detailed instructional manuals, lesson plans, and materials are provided; however, implementation may also be affected by other factors than the intervention itself-for example, school-level characteristics, such as principal support and organizational capacity. We examined school-level characteristics of schools in groups of high, medium, and low implementation of a smoking prevention intervention...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369118/do-school-classrooms-meet-the-visual-requirements-of-children-and-recommended-vision-standards
#15
Kalpa Negiloni, Krishna Kumar Ramani, Rachapalle Reddi Sudhir
BACKGROUND: Visual demands of school children tend to vary with diverse classroom environments. The study aimed to evaluate the distance and near Visual Acuity (VA) demand in Indian school classrooms and their comparison with the recommended vision standards. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distance and near VA demands were assessed in 33 classrooms (grades 4 to 12) of eight schools. The VA threshold demand relied on the smallest size of distance and near visual task material and viewing distance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277691/timing-of-quizzes-during-learning-effects-on-motivation-and-retention
#16
Alice F Healy, Matt Jones, Lakshmi A Lalchandani, Lindsay Anderson Tack
This article investigates how the timing of quizzes given during learning impacts retention of studied material. We investigated the hypothesis that interspersing quizzes among study blocks increases student engagement, thus improving learning. Participants learned 8 artificial facts about each of 8 plant categories, with the categories blocked during learning. Quizzes about 4 of the 8 facts from each category occurred either immediately after studying the facts for that category (standard) or after studying the facts from all 8 categories (postponed)...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268950/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#17
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259241/is-psychological-membership-in-the-classroom-a-function-of-standing-out-while-fitting-in-implications-for-achievement-motivation-and-emotions
#18
DeLeon L Gray
Education researchers have consistently linked students' perceptions of "fitting in" at school with patterns of motivation and positive emotions. This study proposes that "standing out" is also helpful for producing these outcomes, and that standing out works in concert with perceptions of fitting in. In a sample of 702 high school students nested within 33 classrooms, principal components analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were each conducted on half of the sample. Results support the proposed structure of measures of standing out and fitting in...
April 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247508/challenging-conversations-with-simulated-patients
#19
Diane Dennis, Anne Furness, Sharon Parry
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based learning (SBL) activities in the health sciences provide students with opportunities to interact with realistic patients and environments. This study aimed to develop and then implement a novel activity using simulation for a large group of mostly millennial physiotherapy students, to enhance their ability to communicate with a challenging patient and to assess their motivation to learn. METHODS: Students enrolled in a second-year communication unit were invited to participate in a non-compulsory unique SBL activity in groups of four for 40 minutes, undertaking two 5-minute simulation scenarios and two debriefing sessions...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242511/kind-discipline-developing-a-conceptual-model-of-a-promising-school-discipline-approach
#20
Jennifer L Winkler, Michele E Walsh, Madeleine de Blois, Jeannette Maré, Scott C Carvajal
This formative evaluation develops a novel conceptual model for a discipline approach fostering intrinsic motivation and positive relationships in schools. We used concept mapping to elicit and integrate perspectives on kind discipline from teachers, administrators, and other school staff. Three core themes describing kind discipline emerged from 11 identified clusters: (1) proactively developing a positive school climate, (2) responding to conflict with empathy, accountability, and skill, and (3) supporting staff skills in understanding and sharing expectations...
June 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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