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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641069/the-present-retirement-crisis-and-how-social-workers-can-respond
#1
David B Miller, M Terry Hokenstad, Kristen Berg
In recent years, research on Americans' retirement readiness indicates a wide range of preparedness for the golden years. Struggling to recover from the economic downturn of the Great Recession, millions of Americans maintain inadequate savings needed to maintain their post-employment standard of living. Described as a "crisis" by researchers, retirement for some Americans may include significant choices regarding continued employment and utilization of social welfare services. This paper describes the factors contributing to the present retirement crisis and what roles social workers can play in addressing the needs of older retirees...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637273/gingival-recession-in-mandibular-incisors-and-symphysis-morphology-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Katarina Mazurova, Jean-Baptiste Kopp, Anne Marie Renkema, Nikolaos Pandis, Christos Katsaros, Piotr S Fudalej
Objective: To evaluate if the morphology of the mandibular symphysis is associated with the development of gingival recession. Materials and methods: A cohort of 177 patients was followed longitudinally for up to 5 years post-treatment. Based on the width of the symphysis, participants were divided into three groups: narrow (n = 57); average (n = 63), and wide symphysis (n = 57). Morphology of the symphysis and inclination of incisors were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs before treatment (Ts), at the end of treatment (T0) and 5 years after treatment (T5)...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636766/association-of-tnfsf13-polymorphisms-with-iga-nephropathy-in-chinese-han-population
#3
Zhong Zhong, Shao-Zhen Feng, Ri-Cong Xu, Zhi-Jian Li, Feng-Xian Huang, Pei-Ran Yin, Wen-Ting Liu, Meng Wang, Dian-Chun Shi, Qian Zhou, Xue-Qing Yu, Ming Li
BACKGROUND: Our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in Chinese Han population suggested that TNFSF13 gene may be a novel susceptibility gene for IgAN. In this study, we aim to further evaluate the associations of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and expression level of TNFSF13 gene with the risk and clinical parameters of IgAN. METHODS: Six candidate SNPs were selected for genotyping by Sequenom MassARRAY iPLEX in 1000 IgAN cases and 1000 controls...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636552/meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-three-microrna-polymorphisms-and-breast-cancer-susceptibility
#4
Kun Mu, Zi-Zheng Wu, Jin-Pu Yu, Wei Guo, Nan Wu, Li-Juan Wei, Huan Zhang, Jing Zhao, Jun-Tian Liu
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three microRNAs (miRNAs), rs2910164 in miR-146a, rs11614913 in miR-196a2, and rs3746444 in miR-499, have been associated with breast cancer (BC) susceptibility, but the evidence is conflicting. To obtain a more robust assessment of the association between these miRNA variants and BC risk, we carried out a meta-analysis through systematic literature retrieval from the PubMed and Embase databases. A total of 9 case-control studies on rs2910164, 12 on rs11614913, and 7 on rs3746444 were included...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636500/the-association-of-rs1047763-and-rs1008898-of-c1galt1-with-iga-nephropathy-risk-a-global-meta-analysis
#5
Ruili Nie, Guixue Cheng, Jin Zhang, Yu Dong, Chen Wang, Jianhua Liu, Xiaosong Qin
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is a globally common primary glomerulonephritis characterized by an elevated level of serum IgA and immune complex deposition in the mesangial area. In the serum of patients with IgAN, the hinge region of IgA1 immunoglobulin contains aberrantly glycosylated O-glycans deficient in galactose, which is normally added to the core 1 O-glycan structure by core 1 synthase, glycoprotein-N-acetylgalactosamine 3-beta-galactosyltransferase 1 (C1GALT1), the key enzyme in the process of glycosylation...
June 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636205/progressive-scar14-with-unclear-speech-developmental-delay-tremor-and-behavioral-problems-caused-by-a-homozygous-deletion-of-the-sptbn2-pleckstrin-homology-domain
#6
Esra Yıldız Bölükbaşı, Muhammad Afzal, Sara Mumtaz, Nafees Ahmad, Sajid Malik, Aslıhan Tolun
We report on nine members of a consanguineous Pakistani family with primary presentation of intellectual disability, developmental delay, limb and gait ataxia, behavioral and speech problems, and tremor. By linkage mapping and exome sequencing we identified novel homozygous splicing variant c.6375-1G>C in SPTBN2. To date, only two other SPTBN2 mutations with recessive pattern of inheritance causing SCAR14 (spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 14) that manifest with developmental ataxia and cognitive impairment, or cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation, and pyramidal signs have been reported...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636087/extended-inferior-antrostomy-for-maxillary-sinus-surgery
#7
Justin Michel, Thomas Radulesco, Martin Penicaud, Patrick Dessi
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has considerably evolved over the past 20 years while minimally-invasive surgery also applies to sinus procedures. Development of new technologies combined with better knowledge of risks has allowed surgeons to achieve improved results in their FESS indications. One of the most difficult areas to visualize using the exclusive endoscopic approach is still the anterior recess of the maxillary sinus. Hence, external approaches, such as the Caldwell-Luc procedure, are still used by many surgeons to ensure visual control of this area in diseases such as fungal balls, mucoceles, inverted papilloma and other tumors...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636007/analysis-of-association-of-gene-variants-with-obesity-traits-in-new-zealand-european-children-at-6-years-of-age
#8
Mohanraj Krishnan, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell, Rinki Murphy, Lesley M E McCowan, Andrew N Shelling, G On Behalf Of The Children Of Scope Study Group
Childhood obesity is a public health problem, which is associated with a long-term increased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. Several gene variants have previously been identified that have provided novel insights into biological factors that contribute to the development of obesity. As obesity tracks through childhood into adulthood, identification of the genetic factors for obesity in early life is important. The objective of this study was to identify putative associations between genetic variants and obesity traits in children at 6 years of age...
June 21, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635952/yunis-var%C3%A3-n-syndrome-caused-by-biallelic-vac14-mutations
#9
Matthew A Lines, Yoko Ito, Kristin D Kernohan, Wendy Mears, Julie Hurteau-Miller, Sunita Venkateswaran, Leanne Ward, Karine Khatchadourian, Jeff McClintock, Priya Bhola, Philippe M Campeau, Kym M Boycott, Jean Michaud, André Bp van Kuilenburg, Sacha Ferdinandusse, David A Dyment
Yunis-Varón syndrome (YVS) is an autosomal recessive disorder comprising skeletal anomalies, dysmorphism, global developmental delay and intracytoplasmic vacuolation in brain and other tissues. All hitherto-reported pathogenic variants affect FIG4, a lipid phosphatase involved in phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-bisphosphate [PtdIns(3,5)P2] metabolism. FIG4 interacts with PIKfyve, a lipid kinase, via the adapter protein VAC14; all subunits of the resulting complex are essential for PtdIns(3,5)P2 synthesis in the endolysosomal membrane compartment...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635337/population-based-genetic-study-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-mutations-in-mardan-division-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-pakistan
#10
Raj Muhammad, Muhammad Shakeel, Shoaib U Rehman, Muhammad A Lodhi
β-Thalassemia (β-thal) is the most prevalent hereditary blood disorder in Pakistan with a carrier rate of 5.0-8.0%. The homozygous affected children require frequent blood transfusions for their survival. This autosomal recessive disease can only be prevented through awareness programs, carrier screening, mutation detection, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis (PND). The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of various mutations causing β-thal and also to detect carriers of these mutations in families living in the Mardan Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province, Pakistan...
June 21, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634513/correlation-of-lumbar-lateral-recess-stenosis-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-symptoms
#11
Annina Splettstößer, M Fawad Khan, Bernd Zimmermann, Thomas J Vogl, Hanns Ackermann, Marcus Middendorp, Adel Maataoui
AIM: To assess the correlation of lateral recess stenosis (LRS) of lumbar segments L4/5 and L5/S1 and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). METHODS: Nine hundred and twenty-seven patients with history of low back pain were included in this uncontrolled study. On magnetic resonance images (MRI) the lateral recesses (LR) at lumbar levels L4/5 and L5/S1 were evaluated and each nerve root was classified into a 4-point grading scale (Grade 0-3) as normal, not deviated, deviated or compressed...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634142/cysteamine-polysaccharide-hydrogels-study-of-extended-ocular-delivery-and-biopermanence-time-by-pet-imaging
#12
Andrea Luaces-Rodríguez, Victoria Díaz-Tomé, Miguel González-Barcia, Jesús Silva-Rodríguez, Michel Herranz, María Gil-Martínez, María Teresa Rodríguez-Ares, Carla García-Mazás, José Blanco-Mendez, María Jesús Lamas, Francisco Javier Otero-Espinar, Anxo Fernández-Ferreiro
Cystinosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder in which cystine crystals accumulate within the lysosomes of various organs, including the cornea. Ocular treatment is based on the administration of cysteamine eye drops, requiring its instillation several times per day. We have introduced the cysteamine in two types of previously developed ocular hydrogels (ion sensitive hydrogel with the polymers gellan gum and kappa-carrageenan and another one composed of hyaluronic acid), aiming at increasing the ocular retention in order to extend the dosing interval...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#13
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633435/mcm3ap-in-recessive-charcot-marie-tooth-neuropathy-and-mild-intellectual-disability
#14
Emil Ylikallio, Rosa Woldegebriel, Manuela Tumiati, Pirjo Isohanni, Monique M Ryan, Zornitza Stark, Maie Walsh, Sarah L Sawyer, Katrina M Bell, Alicia Oshlack, Paul J Lockhart, Mariia Shcherbii, Alejandro Estrada-Cuzcano, Derek Atkinson, Taila Hartley, Martine Tetreault, Inge Cuppen, W Ludo van der Pol, Ayse Candayan, Esra Battaloglu, Yesim Parman, Koen L I van Gassen, Marie-José H van den Boogaard, Kym M Boycott, Liisa Kauppi, Albena Jordanova, Tuula Lönnqvist, Henna Tyynismaa
Defects in mRNA export from the nucleus have been linked to various neurodegenerative disorders. We report mutations in the gene MCM3AP, encoding the germinal center associated nuclear protein (GANP), in nine affected individuals from five unrelated families. The variants were associated with severe childhood onset primarily axonal (four families) or demyelinating (one family) Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy. Mild to moderate intellectual disability was present in seven of nine affected individuals. The affected individuals were either compound heterozygous or homozygous for different MCM3AP variants, which were predicted to cause depletion of GANP or affect conserved amino acids with likely importance for its function...
June 19, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633377/emerging-mechanisms-of-aminoacyl-trna-synthetase-mutations-in-recessive-and-dominant-human-disease
#15
Rebecca Meyer-Schuman, Anthony Antonellis
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) are responsible for charging amino acids to cognate tRNA molecules, which is the essential first step of protein translation. Interestingly, mutations in genes encoding ARS enzymes have been implicated in a broad spectrum of human inherited diseases. Bi-allelic mutations in ARSs typically cause severe, early-onset, recessive diseases that affect a wide range of tissues. The vast majority of these mutations show loss-of-function effects and impair protein translation. However, it is not clear how a subset cause tissue-specific phenotypes...
June 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633047/the-impacts-of-the-global-financial-crisis-on-hospitalizations-due-to-depressive-illnesses-in-taiwan-a-prospective-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Chen-Mao Liao, Chih-Ming Lin
BACKGROUND: In the third quarter of 2008, a major financial crisis hit many developed countries. Taiwan suffered its own share: a rise in unemployment and a severe decline in gross domestic product. This study is to address the health consequences of this crisis on different socioeconomic populations in Taiwan. METHODS: A sample of 6,225,766 men and 5,417,651 women, was obtained and their admissions data over 2007-2012 were retrieved. Stratified into three income levels, the sample was examined on the 147,921 episodes of hospitalization due to depressive illnesses (DIs) over that period by an interrupted time series analysis for monthly incidence rates of DI hospitalizations RESULTS: The adjusted incidence rates of hospitalization (AIRH) for DIs among the low income were 10 times that of the high income group...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632987/the-usher-syndrome-type-iiib-histidyl-trna-synthetase-mutation-confers-temperature-sensitivity
#17
Jamie A Abbott, Ethan Guth, Cindy Kim, Cathy Regan, Victoria M Siu, Charles Anthony Rupar, Borries Demeler, Christopher S Francklyn, Susan M Robey-Bond
Histidyl-tRNA synthetase (HARS) is a highly conserved translation factor that plays an essential role in protein synthesis. HARS has been implicated in the human syndromes Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) Type 2W and Type IIIB Usher (USH3B). The USH3B mutation, which encodes an Y454S substitution in HARS, is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion and associated with childhood deafness, blindness and episodic hallucinations during acute illness. The biochemical basis of the pathophysiologies linked to USH3B is currently unknown...
June 20, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632965/frequent-col4-mutations-in-familial-microhematuria-accompanied-by-later-onset-alport-nephropathy-due-to-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#18
Louiza Papazachariou, Gregory Papagregoriou, Despina Hadjipanagi, Panagiota Demosthenous, Konstantinos Voskarides, Constantina Koutsofti, Kostas Stylianou, Petros Ioannou, Dimitris Xydakis, Ioannis Tzanakis, Antonia Papadaki, Nicolaos Kallivretakis, Nicolaos Nikolakakis, Garyfalia Perysinaki, Daniel P Gale, Athanasios Diamantopoulos, Pavlos Goudas, Dimitris Goumenos, Andreas Soloukides, Ioannis Boletis, Christina Melexopoulou, Eleni Georgaki, Elena Frysira, Fifi Komianou, Dimitrios Grekas, Christos Paliouras, Polichronis Alivanis, George Vergoulas, Alkis Pierides, Eugenios Daphnis, Constantinos Deltas
Familial microscopic hematuria (FMH) is associated with a genetically heterogeneous group of conditions including the collagen-IV nephropathies, the heritable C3/CFHR5 nephropathy and the glomerulopathy with fibronectin deposits. The clinical course varies widely, ranging from isolated benign familial hematuria to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) later in life. We investigated 24 families using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) for five genes: COL4A3, COL4A4, COL4A5, CFHR5 and FN1. In 17 families (71%), we found 15 pathogenic mutations in COL4A3/A4/A5, nine of them novel...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632565/neuroforaminal-bone-growth-following-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-bmp-a-computed-tomographic-analysis
#19
Junyoung Ahn, Anton Y Jorgensen, Daniel D Bohl, Ehsan Tabaraee, Vincent J Rossi, Khaled Aboushaala, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Computed tomographic analysis. OBJECTIVE: To identify radiographic patterns of symptomatic neuroforaminal bone growth (NFB) in patients who have undergone a single-level minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) augmented with bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) utilizing computed tomography (CT). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: BMP induces osteoblast differentiation leading to new bone formation. The association of BMP utilization and heterotopic bone formation after an MIS-TLIF has been described...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632546/clinical-outcome-and-postoperative-ct-measurements-of-microendoscopic-decompression-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#20
Xu Zhou, Lei Zhang, Hai-Long Zhang, Shi-Sheng He, Xin Gu, Guang-Fei Gu, Qing-Song Fu
STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcome of microendoscopic decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) including an evaluation of the extent of decompression using computed tomography. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Microendoscopic decompression has been a widely applied procedure to treat LSS with satisfactory outcomes and comparatively fewer complications and revision...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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