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Early Childhood Education

Xiaoran Sun, Susan M McHale, Kimberly A Updegraff
To illuminate how within-family differences in achievement may emerge, this study examined sibling experiences in middle childhood as predictors of sibling differences in college graduation. First- and second-borns from 152 families reported on their experiences with siblings and parents at ages 11.80 (SD = 0.56) and 9.22 (SD = 0.90), respectively, and on their educational attainment at about age 26. Significant childhood predictors of sibling differences in college graduation status included low sibling warmth, fathers' differential time spent with siblings, and perceived unfair differential treatment by parents...
April 17, 2018: Child Development
Laurent Orsi, Corrado Magnani, Eleni T Petridou, John D Dockerty, Catherine Metayer, Elizabeth Milne, Helen D Bailey, Nick Dessypris, Alice Y Kang, Catharina Wesseling, Claire Infante-Rivard, Victor Wünsch-Filho, Ana M Mora, Logan G Spector, Jacqueline Clavel
The associations between childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and several factors related to early stimulation of the immune system, that is, farm residence and regular contacts with farm animals (livestock, poultry) or pets in early childhood, were investigated using data from 13 case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. The sample included 7847 ALL cases and 11,667 controls aged 1-14 years. In all studies, the data were obtained from case and control parents using standardized questionnaires...
April 16, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Carly Hyland, Robert B Gunier, Catherine Metayer, Michael N Bates, Catharina Wesseling, Ana M Mora
Evidence suggests that early-life exposure to pesticides inside the home may be associated with childhood leukemia, however data from Latin American countries are limited. We examined whether self-reported maternal residential pesticide use and nearby pesticide applications-before and after child's birth-were associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Costa Rican Childhood Leukemia Study (CRCLS), a population-based case-control study (2001-2003). Cases (n=251 ALL) were diagnosed between 1995 and 2000 (age <15 years at diagnosis) and were identified through the Costa Rican Cancer Registry and National Children's Hospital...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Judith E C Lieu
Purpose of Review: The aim of this study is to summarize the consequences of permanent unilateral hearing loss (UHL) on the development of children as documented in the recent literature. Recent Findings: Congenital and early-identified UHL places young children at risk for delays in speech-language development. School-aged children with UHL score lower on standardized tests of language and cognition and need increased assistance in school for educational and behavioral issues than siblings with normal hearing, and report lower hearing-related quality of life, similar to children with bilateral hearing loss (HL)...
2018: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
Chen Wang, Jianying Xu, Lan Yang, Yongjian Xu, Xiangyan Zhang, Chunxue Bai, Jian Kang, Pixin Ran, Huahao Shen, Fuqiang Wen, Kewu Huang, Wanzhen Yao, Tieying Sun, Guangliang Shan, Ting Yang, Yingxiang Lin, Sinan Wu, Jianguo Zhu, Ruiying Wang, Zhihong Shi, Jianping Zhao, Xianwei Ye, Yuanlin Song, Qiuyue Wang, Yumin Zhou, Liren Ding, Ting Yang, Yahong Chen, Yanfei Guo, Fei Xiao, Yong Lu, Xiaoxia Peng, Biao Zhang, Dan Xiao, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Zuomin Wang, Hong Zhang, Xiaoning Bu, Xiaolei Zhang, Li An, Shu Zhang, Zhixin Cao, Qingyuan Zhan, Yuanhua Yang, Bin Cao, Huaping Dai, Lirong Liang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: Although exposure to cigarette smoking and air pollution is common, the current prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unknown in the Chinese adult population. We conducted the China Pulmonary Health (CPH) study to assess the prevalence and risk factors of COPD in China. METHODS: The CPH study is a cross-sectional study in a nationally representative sample of adults aged 20 years or older from ten provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in mainland China...
April 9, 2018: Lancet
Martin J Prince, Daisy Acosta, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, Ivonne Z Jimenez-Velazquez, Juan J Llibre Rodriguez, Aquiles Salas, Ana Luisa Sosa, Michael E Dewey, Maelenn M Guerchet, Zhaorui Liu, Jorge J Llibre Guerra, A Matthew Prina
BACKGROUND: Adult leg length is influenced by nutrition in the first few years of life. Adult head circumference is an indicator of brain growth. Cross-sectional studies indicate inverse associations with dementia risk, but there have been few prospective studies. METHODS: Population-based cohort studies in urban sites in Cuba, Dominican Republic Puerto Rico and Venezuela, and rural and urban sites in Peru, Mexico and China. Sociodemographic and risk factor questionnaires were administered to all participants, and anthropometric measures taken, with ascertainment of incident dementia, and mortality, three to five years later...
2018: PloS One
Pamela Terrell, Maggie Watson
Purpose: As part of this clinical forum on curriculum-based intervention, the goal of this tutorial is to share research about the importance of language and literacy foundations in natural environments during emergent literacy skill development, from infancy through preschool. Following an overview of intervention models in schools by Powell (2018), best practices at home, in child care, and in preschool settings are discussed. Speech-language pathologists in these settings will be provided a toolbox of best emergent literacy practices...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Bruno Arpino, Jordi Gumà, Albert Julià
OBJECTIVES: We examine to what extent the effect of early-life conditions (health and socioeconomic status) on health in later life is mediated by educational attainment and life-course trajectories (fertility, partnership, employment). METHODS: Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (N = 12,034), we apply, separately by gender, multichannel sequence analysis and cluster analysis to obtain groups of similar family and employment histories...
2018: PloS One
Nayanjot Kaur Rai, Tamanna Tiwari
Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the most prevalent and chronic conditions of childhood. Various factors including biological and dietary factors along with an overlay of parental social factors have been found to be associated with the progression of ECC. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize available literature and to identify parent-level proximal and distal risk factors associated with the development of ECC in developing nations. Methods: Studies conducted in developing nations, published between 2005 and 2017 in English, that included children younger than 6 years and examined ECC were included...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Mary Kathryn Poole, Adrienne R Mundorf, Naomi K Englar, Donald Rose
In 2013, a team of public health professionals at Tulane University launched a project to explore strategies for shaping a healthier Louisiana. The team investigated methods for improving diet and physical activity behaviors in early childhood, school, and community settings that could be translated into specific policies. Through key informant interviews and scans of academic journals and reports issued by public health agencies, the team generated a set of actionable steps that could increase healthful behaviors...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Isabel Iguacel, Alexandra Chung, Emma Gearon, Luis A Moreno, Anna Peeters, Kathryn Backholer
Background: Previous research has examined the role of early-life risk factors on childhood weight gain.The extent to which these factors drive socioeconomic differences in weight is unclear. We aimed to quantify the influence of early-life risk factors on the development of socioeconomic inequalities in children's body mass index (BMI) z-score at 10-11 years. Methods: Overall, 2186 children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were examined. Socioeconomic position (SEP) was measured as a continuous composite of parent's education, occupation and income...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Manu Batra, Aasim Farooq Shah, Jorma I Virtanen
Introduction: Early childhood caries (ECC) continues to affect children worldwide. In India, primary health centers (PHCs) comprises the primary tier where Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) provide integrated curative and preventive health care. The aim of the study was to pilot test the integration of oral health in primary health care through motivational interviewing (MI) for mothers of young children provided by ASHAs. Subjects and Methods: The pilot study was conducted in Kashipur, Uttarakhand...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Tabashir Z Nobari, Shannon E Whaley, Catherine M Crespi, Michael L Prelip, May C Wang
OBJECTIVE: While economic crises can increase socio-economic disparities in health, little is known about the impact of the 2008-09 Great Recession on obesity prevalence among children, especially low-income children. The present study examined whether socio-economic disparities in obesity among children of pre-school age participating in a federal nutrition assistance programme have changed since the recession. DESIGN: A pre-post observational study using administrative data of pre-school-aged programme participants from 2003 to 2014...
April 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Taren M Swindle, Wendy L Ward, Patti Bokony, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
In this cross-sectional study, ECEs ( N =307) completed an 18-item survey regarding their role (lead vs. assistant), Education level, Program Type, and Current and Childhood Food Insecurity (FI) and Dietary Intake. ECEs in this study reported poor dietary quality and a high rate of FI. Approximately one quarter of ECEs ate fruits and vegetables more than once per day. Of participating ECEs, 34.5% indicated Current FI and 28.7% reported experiencing FI in Childhood. Differences in prevalence of Current FI were found for ECE role, Program Type, and Education (all p ≤ ...
2018: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
Sivan Zissman, Matan Orgil, Oded Ben-Amotz, Eyal Gur, Ehud Arad, David Leshem
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. In early childhood, burns have a wide range of adverse long-term consequences ranging from functional impairment to psychological implications. Children from low-income and middle-income countries are at a higher risk of suffering from burn injuries. In the last 10 years the population of asylum seekers from low-income countries in Israel has increased dramatically. About 25,000 or 60% of asylum seekers are living in the Tel Aviv area, making up roughly 6% of the city's total population (about 405,000)...
March 28, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Amber E Vaughn, Alison Tovar, Truls Østbye, Stephanie Mazzucca, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Developing healthy eating behaviors and food preferences in early childhood may help establish future healthy diets. Large numbers of children spend time in child care, but little research has assessed the nutritional quality of meals and snacks in family child care homes. Therefore, it is important to assess foods and beverages provided, policies related to nutrition and feeding children, and interactions between providers and children during mealtimes. We examined associations between the nutrition environments of family child care homes and children's diet quality...
March 27, 2018: Appetite
Erin Sawicki, Dianne C Barker, Marjorie A Gutman, Ian Caughlan, Marissa Yochelson, George Grob
CONTEXT: In recent years, several states have adopted new regulations concerning nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in early care and education (ECE) settings to help prevent childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: To disseminate a menu of factors that facilitate and/or impede implementation of obesity prevention regulations in ECE settings. DESIGN: To create the menu, we condensed and categorized factors identified in the literature and through field work by placing them within domains...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Keng-Yen Huang, Lindsay A Bornheimer, Ernestina Dankyi, Ama de-Graft Aikins
Approximately one-third of early childhood pupils in Ghana are struggling with meeting basic behavioral and developmental milestones, but little is known about mechanisms or factors that contribute to poor early childhood development. With a lack of developmental research to guide intervention or education program and policy planning, this study aimed to address these research gaps by examining a developmental mechanism for early childhood development. We tested a mediational mechanism model that examined the influence of parental wellbeing on parenting and children's development...
March 27, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Mary A Khetani, Beth M McManus, Kristen Arestad, Zachary Richardson, Renee Charlifue-Smith, Cordelia Rosenberg, Briana Rigau
Background: Electronic patient-reported outcomes (e-PROs) may provide valid and feasible options for obtaining family input on their child's functioning for care planning and outcome monitoring, but they have not been adopted into early intervention (EI). The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing technology-based functional assessment into EI practice and to examine child, family, service, and environmental correlates of caregiver-reported child functioning in the home...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Sarah Bell, Sarah Siau Yi Yew, Gemma Devenish, Diep Ha, Loc Do, Jane Scott
This study aimed to determine whether breastfeeding duration and the timing of solid food were independently associated with being overweight or obese in early childhood. Subjects were 953 children participating in the Study of Mothers and Infants Life Events Affecting Oral Health (SMILE) birth cohort study, based in Adelaide, Australia. Socio-demographic information and data on breastfeeding duration and age of introduction of solid food were collected at birth, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24 months via mailed or online questionnaires completed by mothers...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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