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Early Childhood Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545656/cord-plasma-insulin-and-in-utero-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution
#1
Narjes Madhloum, Bram G Janssen, Dries S Martens, Nelly D Saenen, Esmée Bijnens, Wilfried Gyselaers, Joris Penders, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Michelle Plusquin, Tim S Nawrot
INTRODUCTION: Cardio-metabolic risk factors including insulin levels are at young age barely perceived as harmful, but over time these risk factors may track and lead to higher risk of metabolic syndrome. Studies showed that exposure to air pollution is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance in childhood. We determined whether the origin of type 2 diabetes can be found in the early childhood by examining the levels of insulin in the neonatal cord blood and whether this can be considered as a disease marker for later life...
May 22, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544568/depression-risk-in-young-adults-with-childhood-and-adult-onset-lupus-12-years-of-follow-up
#2
Andrea M Knight, Laura Trupin, Patricia Katz, Edward Yelin, Erica F Lawson
OBJECTIVE: To compare major depression risk among young adults with childhood-onset and adult-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine demographic and health-related predictors of depression. METHODS: Young adults with SLE ages 18-45 years (n=546) in the Lupus Outcomes Study completed annual telephone surveys from 2002-2015, including assessment of depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and self-report measures of sociodemographics and health characteristics...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542285/educating-early-childhood-care-and-education-providers-to-improve-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-reporting-child-maltreatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ben Mathews, Chengwu Yang, Erik B Lehman, Claudia Mincemoyer, Nicole Verdiglione, Benjamin H Levi
Early childhood care and education providers (CCPs) work with over 7 million young children. These children are vulnerable to physical, sexual and emotional abuse, and neglect. However, CCPs make less than 1% of all reports of suspected child abuse and neglect that are made to child protective services. CCPs are therefore an untapped resource in the public health response to child maltreatment. However, their knowledge and attitudes about duties to report child maltreatment are poorly understood. Moreover, no rigorous research has tested whether their knowledge and attitudes about reporting child maltreatment can be improved...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541410/contribution-of-socioeconomic-status-at-three-lifecourse-periods-to-late-life-memory-function-and-decline-early-and-late-predictors-of-dementia-risk
#4
Jessica R Marden, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, Ichiro Kawachi, M Maria Glymour
Both early life and adult socioeconomic status (SES) predict late life level of memory; however, evidence is mixed on the relationship between SES and rate of memory decline. Further, the relative importance of different lifecourse periods for rate of late life memory decline has not been evaluated. We examined associations between lifecourse SES and late life memory function and decline. Health and Retirement Study participants (n = 10,781) were interviewed biennially from 1998-2012. SES measures for childhood (composite score including parents' educational attainment), early adulthood (high school or college completion), and older adulthood (income, mean age 66) were all dichotomized...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#5
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538500/parental-perceptions-of-obesity-and-obesity-risk-associated-with-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#6
Gary L Jones, Wendy McClellan, Sripriya Raman, Ashley Sherman, Erin Guest, Keith August
The prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is well established and ranges anywhere from 29% to 69% depending on the study. We sought to explore the awareness of parents of survivors of childhood ALL regarding the increased risk of obesity and their perceptions regarding the overall health of their child. One hundred twenty-one parents of 99 survivors of pediatric ALL completed surveys regarding perceptions of obesity risk in survivors. Eighty percent of parents of overweight and obese survivors correctly identified their child as "a little overweight" or "overweight...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535707/macular-pigment-optical-density-is-positively-associated-with-academic-performance-among-preadolescent-children
#7
Sasha M Barnett, Naiman A Khan, Anne M Walk, Lauren B Raine, Christopher Moulton, Neal J Cohen, Arthur F Kramer, Billy R Hammond, Lisa Renzi-Hammond, Charles H Hillman
OBJECTIVE: Macular pigment optical density (MPOD) - a non-invasive indicator of retinal xanthophylls and correlate of brain lutein - has been associated with superior cognitive function among adult populations. Given that lutein accumulation in the brain occurs in early life, it is possible that the cognitive implications of greater MPOD may be evident in childhood. METHODS: Participants aged 8-9 years (n = 56) completed MPOD measurements via heterochromatic flicker photometry...
May 23, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#8
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523738/using-a-group-centered-approach-to-observe-interactions-in-early-childhood-education
#9
Saskia D M van Schaik, Paul P M Leseman, Mariëtte de Haan
This study examined the value of using a group-centered approach to evaluate process quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Is observed support of group processes a different aspect of classroom quality, and does it predict children's collaborative play in ECEC in the Netherlands? In two play situations, 37 teachers and 120 two- to four-year-old children were observed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Toddler and two new measures. In a two-level structural equation model, teachers' support of group processes was positively related to the CLASS domains and to children's collaborative play, over and above the effect of children's cognitive ability and social competence...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520946/early-cannabis-initiation-and-educational-attainment-is-the-association-causal-data-from-the-french-tempo-study
#10
Maria Melchior, Camille Bolze, Eric Fombonne, Pamela J Surkan, Laura Pryor, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
Background: : Adolescent cannabis use has been reported to predict later educational attainment; however, results of past studies may be confounded by inappropriate control for factors that make some youths more likely to use cannabis precociously than others. We aimed to test the possibility of a causal relationship between early cannabis initiation and later academic achievement. Methods: : Analyses are based on data collected among TEMPO cohort study participants (France, 2009, n  = 1103, 22-35 years)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#11
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503997/television-during-meals-in-the-first-4-years-of-life
#12
Lindsay M Thimmig, Michael D Cabana, Michael G Bentz, Katherine Potocka, Amy Beck, Lawrence Fong, Cewin Chao, Aaron B Caughey, Angela Wong, Michelle McKean
The development of children's mealtime television (TV) habits has not been well studied. We assessed whether mealtime TV habits established in infancy will persist into early childhood. We analyzed data collected through parent surveys at birth and at 6-month intervals from a randomized controlled trial. We used t-tests, χ(2) tests, and a multivariable logistic regression to determine if family characteristics were associated with mealtime TV. A McNemar test was used to assess whether mealtime TV exposure changed over time...
June 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493362/associations-of-prenatal-and-early-life-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-childhood-adiposity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-project-viva
#13
S Sen, S L Rifas-Shiman, N Shivappa, M D Wirth, J R Hebert, D R Gold, M W Gillman, E Oken
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists regarding the association between early-life diet and cardiometabolic risk. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations of dietary inflammatory index (DII) in pregnancy and early childhood (3-5 years) with adiposity, blood pressure and metabolic markers in mid-childhood (6-10 years). METHODS: Among 992 mother-child pairs from Project Viva, a pre-birth cohort, we examined associations of DII scores with outcomes using multivariable linear regression adjusted for child age and sex and maternal age, BMI, education, parity, smoking, race and income...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489224/current-concepts-of-transition-of-care-in-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Ajanta Patel, Maria Dowell, B Louise Giles
Over the past 6 decades, advances in cystic fibrosis (CF) diagnosis and management have extended the life expectancy of patients far beyond childhood; therefore, all pediatric CF patients must prepare for transition to adult care. Readiness assessment, knowledge and skill education, and support structures are all elements of ideal transition. Transition should begin early in life with teaching skills and knowledge for disease care, and in adolescence the readiness to transition should be addressed. Transition is a gradual process of increasing responsibilities in self-care and disease management, an improvement in the understanding of CF, and an iterative process of self-assessment with knowledge acquisition...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479496/effect-of-early-life-physical-growth-on-midlife-vertebral-dimensions-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966-study
#15
Petteri Oura, Markus Paananen, Marja Ojaniemi, Juha Auvinen, Juho-Antti Junno, Jaro Karppinen, Jaakko Niinimäki
Small vertebral size is an independent risk factor for osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Physical growth in early life is related to bone health in later life, but the relationship of early growth versus vertebral size has been inconclusively studied. Utilizing the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 with a 47-year follow-up, we investigated how physical growth in early life is associated with midlife vertebral dimensions. We obtained several physical growth parameters of 1) birth (gestational age, length, weight, BMI), 2) infancy and childhood (peak height velocity (PHV), peak weight velocity (PWV), adiposity peak (AP), adiposity rebound (AR)), and 3) puberty (BMI at growth spurt take-off (TO), PHV, height change)...
May 4, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475902/longitudinal-associations-of-experiences-of-adversity-and-socioeconomic-disadvantage-during-childhood-with-labour-force-participation-and-exit-in-later-adulthood
#16
A E Fahy, S A Stansfeld, M Smuk, D Lain, M van der Horst, S Vickerstaff, C Clark
The Extending Working Lives (EWL) agenda seeks to sustain employment up to and beyond traditional retirement ages. This study examined the potential role of childhood factors in shaping labour force participation and exit among older adults, with a view to informing proactive interventions early in the life-course to enhance individuals' future capacity for extending their working lives. Childhood adversity and socioeconomic disadvantage have previously been linked to ill-health across the life-span and sickness benefit in early adulthood...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457685/school-district-variation-in-parental-influence-on-underage-drinking-behaviors
#17
Fang-Yi Tseng, Kuang-Hung Chen, Chieh-Yu Liu, Wei J Chen, Chuan-Yu Chen
PURPOSE: We examined the relationship between alcohol-specific and nonalcohol-specific parental characteristics with occasional alcohol drinking in early adolescence and probed potential school district variation. METHODS: A total of 1,581 fourth and sixth graders (age range: 10-12 years) were ascertained from 17 elementary schools in a cohort study conducted in northern Taiwan in 2006, with three waves of follow-up between 2007 and 2009. Information on alcohol-specific and nonalcohol-specific parental attributes was obtained from the first two waves of self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaires; occasional drinking, defined by having drunk on three or more occasions in the past year, was assessed at fourth wave...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455640/enrollment-in-early-head-start-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#18
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
PURPOSE: Dental problems in young children are widespread and can negatively impact quality of life. We examined the effect of enrollment in North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS)-a federally funded early education program for children under three years of age and their families-on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, we interviewed 479 EHS and 699 Medicaid matched parent-child dyads at baseline (children's average age 10 months) and 24 months later...
April 28, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454516/early-childhood-obesity-a-survey-of-knowledge-and-practices-of-physicians-from-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#19
Inge Gies, Bader AlSaleem, Beheshteh Olang, Berkouk Karima, Gamal Samy, Khaled Husain, Mahmoud Elhalik, Mohamad Miqdady, Mohamad Rawashdeh, Mohamed Salah, Nezha Mouane, Pejman Rohani, Atul Singhal, Yvan Vandenplas
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health issues of the twenty-first century affecting even low- and middle-income countries. Overweight and obese children are more likely to stay obese into adulthood. Due to the paucity of data on local practices, our study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of physicians from the Middle East and North Africa region with respect to early-onset obesity. METHODS: A specific questionnaire investigating the perception and knowledge on early-onset obesity was circulated to healthcare providers (general physicians, pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologist, neonatologists) practicing in 17 Middle East and North African countries...
April 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452689/assessing-the-network-of-agencies-in-local-communities-that-promote-healthy-eating-and-lifestyles-among-populations-with-limited-resources
#20
Ruopeng An, Naiman Khan, Emily Loehmer, Jennifer McCaffrey
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the network of agencies in local communities that promote healthy eating and lifestyles among populations with limited resources. METHODS: Network surveys were administered among 159 Illinois agencies identified as serving limited-resource audiences categorized into 8 types: K-12 schools, early childhood centers, emergency food providers, health-related agencies, social resource centers, low-income/subsidized housing complexes, continuing education organizations, and others...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
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