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Early Childhood Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333529/the-long-arm-of-childhood-preschool-associations-with-adolescent-health
#1
Terri J Sabol, Lindsay Till Hoyt
The current study examines the extent to which participation in preschool at age 4 is associated with blood pressure, body mass index, and awakening cortisol at age 15. We capitalize on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to examine differences in adolescent health among children who attended preschool, parental care, or home-based care at age 4 (n = 742). Using quasi-experimental methods, we found that preschool participation was associated with multiple positive health outcomes in adolescence...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329641/differences-in-incidence-and-persistence-of-atopic-dermatitis-by-race-ethnicity
#2
M Blomberg, S L Rifas-Shiman, Ca Jr Camargo, D R Gold, J P Thyssen, A A Litonjua, M W Gillman, M M Asgari, E Oken
BackgroundMost studies on racial disparities in childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) did not consider persistent AD or account for differences in vitamin D status.MethodsAmong 1418 children recruited from a Massachusetts HMO into the pre-birth Project Viva cohort, we examined associations of child's race/ethnicity with maternal report of child's AD diagnosis by annual questionnaires. We used multivariable logistic regression adjusted for socio- demographics (maternal education, household income, smoking exposure, parental atopy, breastfeeding duration, child sex) and cord blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D, to estimate odds ratios (OR) of incident AD by early childhood (median age 3...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324862/heterogeneity-in-predictive-power-of-early-childhood-nutritional-indicators-for-mid-childhood-outcomes-evidence-from-vietnam
#3
Le Thuc Duc, Jere R Behrman
We utilize longitudinal data on nearly 1800 children in Vietnam to study the predictive power of alternative measures of early childhood undernutrition for outcomes at age eight years: weight-for-age (WAZ8), height-for-age (HAZ8), and education (reading, math and receptive vocabulary). We apply two-stage procedures to derive unpredicted weight gain and height growth in the first year of life. Our estimates show that a standard deviation (SD) increase in birth weight is associated with an increase of 0.14 (standard error [SE]: 0...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322356/efficacy-of-motivational-interviewing-in-conjunction-with-caries-risk-assessment-micra-programmes-in-improving-the-dental-health-status-of-preschool-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Saruta Saengtipbovorn
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of motivational interviewing in conjuction with a caries risk assessment (MICRA) programme to improve the dental health status of preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 214 parents or caregivers and their children at Health Centre 54, Bangkok, Thailand, from September 2015 to February 2016. The participants were randomised to the intervention and the control groups (107 participants per group)...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320408/factors-of-physical-activity-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Congchao Lu, Ronald P Stolk, Pieter J J Sauer, Anna Sijtsma, Rikstje Wiersma, Guowei Huang, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Lack of physical activity is a growing problem in China, due to the fast economic development and changing living environment over the past two decades. The aim of this review is to summarize the factors related to physical activity in Chinese children and adolescents during this distinct period of development. METHODS: A systematic search was finished on Jan 10(th), 2017, and identified 2200 hits through PubMed and Web of Science. English-language published studies were included if they reported statistical associations between factors and physical activity...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315898/modifiable-risk-factors-and-interventions-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-within-the-first-1-000-days
#6
Anne M Dattilo
Worldwide, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased, amounting to 42 million overweight or obese children, and there is increasing evidence that the origins are within the first 1,000 days: the period of conception through 2 years. Antecedents of early childhood obesity are multifactorial, and associations of varying strength have been documented for genetic/epigenetic, biologic, dietary, environmental, social, and behavioral influences. Modifiable factors in pregnancy and early infancy associated with childhood obesity include maternal overweight/obesity, maternal smoking, gestational weight gain, infant and young child feeding, caregiver responsive feeding practices, as well as sleep duration, and physical activity...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315890/evidence-for-the-effects-of-complementary-feeding-interventions-on-the-growth-of-infants-and-young-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Rebecca A Heidkamp
As momentum for investment in early childhood nutrition grows, so does the evidence base for the effectiveness of interventions to improve complementary feeding in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), where the risk of early growth faltering is high. The aim of this chapter is to review the current state of the evidence for the impact of two categories of interventions (nutrition education alone and provision of food or nutrient supplements with or without education) on linear and ponderal growth of children aged 6-23 months in LMIC...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#8
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314450/conceptualization-of-success-in-young-adulthood
#9
REVIEW
Maryland Pao
Successful transition from childhood to adulthood is context and culture dependent. This article reviews concepts of mental health and theoretic constructs of successful adulthood that suggest intentional policies and practices are developed with a specific vision of success. Parents, educators, mental health professionals, and policymakers need to be cognizant of their assumptions and essential roles in these processes. The early development of illness may disrupt and alter the timelines of different developmental milestones and trajectories...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301215/early-measures-for-school-hygiene-in-greece-between-nationalism-and-modernization-1890-1920
#10
Vassiliki Theodorou, Despina Karakatsani
Compared to other European and Balkan countries, the first institutions for the medical inspection of student health were established relatively late in Greece. Following several European and Balkan examples, Greek doctors and educators began an information campaign during the late 19(th) century to establish a School Medical Service. The Greek state's emerging interest in children's health was dependent upon a number of factors. Networks of experts played a considerable part in shaping a public discourse on childhood...
March 16, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289049/kids-in-communities-study-kics-study-protocol-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-approach-to-measuring-community-level-factors-influencing-early-child-development-in-australia
#11
Sharon Goldfeld, Karen Villanueva, Robert Tanton, Ilan Katz, Sally Brinkman, Geoffrey Woolcock, Billie Giles-Corti
INTRODUCTION: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286135/special-health-care-needs-across-the-school-and-family-contexts-implications-for-service-utilization
#12
Meredith O'Connor, Stefanie Rosema, Jon Quach, Amanda Kvalsvig, Sharon Goldfeld
OBJECTIVES: A fifth of children enter school with special health care needs (SHCN), many of whom have difficulties that are milder or not yet formally diagnosed (emerging SHCN). This study aimed to investigate how differing perceptions of children's emerging SHCN across the family and school contexts relates to service utilization. METHOD: Sample: The nationally-representative birth cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), which includes parent reports on the abbreviated Children with Special Health Care Needs Screener (CSHCNS)...
March 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285582/the-good-times-cohort-in-later-life
#13
Jessica Kelley-Moore, Wenxuan Huang
Race differences in midlife circumstances explain much of the disability gap in older adulthood, but questions remain about whether early life selection processes are race invariant. To address this, we (1) isolate the 1930s cohort to explore potential race-specific life courses and (2) utilize a two-stage estimation procedure to examine the role of early-to-midlife selection in shaping later-life functional limitations. Using data on Black and White adults born 1931-1941 from the Health and Retirement Study (W2-W9), we estimate trajectories of later-life functional limitations after modeling midlife income and comorbidity as a function of early life factors...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283032/sustainability-via-active-garden-education-sage-results-from-two-feasibility-pilot-studies
#14
Rebecca E Lee, Nathan H Parker, Erica G Soltero, Tracey A Ledoux, Scherezade K Mama, Lorna McNeill
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in early childhood are continued public health challenges. This manuscript describes outcomes from two pilot studies for Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE), a program designed to increase PA and F&V consumption among 3 to 5 year old children. METHODS: SAGE was developed using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and delivered to children (N = 89) in early care and education centers (ECEC, N = 6) in two US cities...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273077/prevalence-of-condomless-anal-intercourse-and-recent-hiv-testing-and-their-associated-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hangzhou-china-a-respondent-driven-sampling-survey
#15
Runhua Li, Hui Wang, Xiaohong Pan, Qiaoqin Ma, Lin Chen, Xin Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Lin He, Junfang Chen, Xingliang Zhang, Yan Luo, Shengjun Xi, Xin Lv, Shichang Xia
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a large high-risk population for HIV infection in recent years in China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hangzhou, China, to determine rates of condomless anal intercourse (CAI), recent HIV testing (in the recent year) and associated factors using respondent-driven sampling. Questionnaires using face-to-face interviews were employed to collect data on sexual risk behaviors and HIV testing. Five hundred eleven MSM were recruited, of which 459 (89.8%) had anal intercourse in the past 6 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266030/consequences-of-childhood-reading-difficulties-and-behaviour-problems-for-educational-achievement-and-employment-in-early-adulthood
#16
Diana Smart, George J Youssef, Ann Sanson, Margot Prior, John W Toumbourou, Craig A Olsson
BACKGROUND: Reading difficulties (RDs) and behaviour problems (BPs) are two common childhood problems that have a high degree of stability and often negatively affect well-being in both the short and longer terms. AIMS: The study aimed to shed light on the unique and joint consequences of these two childhood problems for educational and occupational outcomes in early adulthood. SAMPLE: Data were drawn from a life-course longitudinal study of psychosocial development, the Australian Temperament Project...
March 7, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264671/lifestyles-and-socio-cultural-factors-among-children-aged-6-8-years-from-five-italian-towns-the-mapec_life-study-cohort
#17
Francesco Bagordo, Antonella De Donno, Tiziana Grassi, Marcello Guido, Gabriele Devoti, Elisabetta Ceretti, Claudia Zani, Donatella Feretti, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti, Tania Salvatori, Annalaura Carducci, Marco Verani, Beatrice Casini, Sara Bonetta, Elisabetta Carraro, Tiziana Schilirò, Silvia Bonizzoni, Alberto Bonetti, Umberto Gelatti
BACKGROUND: Lifestyles profoundly determine the quality of an individual's health and life since his childhood. Many diseases in adulthood are avoidable if health-risk behaviors are identified and improved at an early stage of life. The aim of the present research was to characterize a cohort of children aged 6-8 years selected in order to perform an epidemiological molecular study (the MAPEC_LIFE study), investigate lifestyles of the children that could have effect on their health status, and assess possible association between lifestyles and socio-cultural factors...
March 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264460/companion-animals-and-child-adolescent-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca Purewal, Robert Christley, Katarzyna Kordas, Carol Joinson, Kerstin Meints, Nancy Gee, Carri Westgarth
Childhood and adolescence are important developmental phases which influence health and well-being across the life span. Social relationships are fundamental to child and adolescent development; yet studies have been limited to children's relationships with other humans. This paper provides an evidence review for the potential associations between pet ownership and emotional; behavioural; cognitive; educational and social developmental outcomes. As the field is in the early stages; a broad set of inclusion criteria was applied...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261940/establishing-the-feasibility-of-a-community-and-primary-health-care-intervention-to-raise-awareness-of-symptoms-of-type-1-diabetes-the-early-detection-of-type-1-diabetes-in-youth-eddy-study
#19
J Townson, J W Gregory, L Cowley, D Gallagher, S Channon, M Robling, D Williams, C Hughes, S Murphy, L Lowes
AIMS: To design, develop, and evaluate the feasibility of delivering a multi-component community based intervention to parents and primary health care professionals to raise awareness of the symptoms of Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in childhood in 3 adjoining borough counties of South Wales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parent and primary health care advisory groups were established to design the intervention. Qualitative interviews with stakeholders and parents assessed the acceptability, feasibility and any potential impact of the intervention...
March 6, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257638/sleep-habits-and-pattern-in-1-14-years-old-children-and-relationship-with-video-devices-use-and-evening-and-night-child-activities
#20
Paolo Brambilla, Marco Giussani, Angela Pasinato, Leonello Venturelli, Francesco Privitera, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Sara Sollai, Marina Picca, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Oliviero Bruni, Elena Chiappini
BACKGROUND: Sleep in childhood and adolescence is crucial for mental and physical health; however several researches reported an increasing trend towards a sleep deprivation in this age. Due to the lack of recent epidemiological studies in Italy, the aim of our study was to depict sleep habits and patterns in Italian children aged 1-14 years and to evaluate their relationships with video devices use (TV, tablet, smartphone, PC) and evening/night child activities. METHODS: A structured interview was conducted during 2015 by 72 Family Pediatricians in 2030 healthy children aged 1-14 years by a cross-sectional survey named "Ci piace sognare"...
January 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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