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Early Childhood Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819763/factors-associated-with-teacher-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-tier-2-prevention-program
#1
Kevin S Sutherland, Maureen A Conroy, Bryce D McLeod, James Algina, Rachel L Kunemund
Teachers sometimes struggle to deliver evidence-based programs designed to prevent and ameliorate chronic problem behaviors of young children with integrity. Identifying factors associated with variations in the quantity and quality of delivery is thus an important goal for the field. This study investigated factors associated with teacher treatment integrity of BEST in CLASS, a tier-2 prevention program designed for young children at risk for developing emotional/behavioral disorders. Ninety-two early childhood teachers and 231 young children at-risk for emotional/behavioral disorders participated in the study...
August 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815374/the-roles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-hispanic-children-s-mental-health-a-motor-skill-perspective
#2
Xiangli Gu, M Jean Keller, Karen H Weiller-Abels, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Motor competence (MC) has been recognized as the foundation for life-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as an influential factor in reducing sedentary behavior during childhood. Guided by Blair et al.'s health model, the purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral mechanism of mental health including physical, psychosocial, and cognitive health among Hispanic children related to MC and MVPA. METHODS: A prospective research design was used with two-wave assessments across one academic year...
August 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814982/cord-blood-dna-methylation-and-adiposity-measures-in-early-and-mid-childhood
#3
Jacob K Kresovich, Yinan Zheng, Andres Cardenas, Brian T Joyce, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Matthew W Gillman, Marie-France Hivert, Andrea A Baccarelli, Lifang Hou
BACKGROUND: Excess adiposity in childhood is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. As this condition is difficult to treat once present, identification of risk early in life can help inform and implement strategies to prevent the onset of the condition. We performed an epigenome-wide association study to prospectively investigate the relationship between cord blood DNA methylation and adiposity measurements in childhood. METHODS: We measured genome-wide DNA methylation from 478 children in cord blood and measured overall and central adiposity via skinfold caliper measurements in early (range 3...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809093/caregiving-for-children-with-type-1-diabetes-and-clinical-outcomes-in-central-india-the-idream-study
#4
Greta Friedemann-Sánchez, Benjamin D Capistrant, James Ron, Lindsey Novak, Caroline Zuijdwijk, Graham D Ogle, Barbara Anderson, Antoinette Moran, Sharad Pendsey
AIMS: Parental care influences outcomes for children's type 1 diabetes (T1D). There is little evidence about the impact of parental caregiving in developing countries, where fixed dose human insulin (conventional) therapy and limited self-monitoring of blood glucose are common. This article investigates whether performance of key T1D management tasks by children or their caregivers impacts hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). METHODS: We surveyed the caregivers of 179 children with T1D routinely treated in a specialized diabetes clinic in Maharashtra, India to determine who performs key diabetes care tasks: child or parent...
August 15, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807641/a-novel-partnership-disrupts-the-norm-in-early-childhood-education-and-pediatric-health-care
#5
EDITORIAL
M Denise Dowd, John D Lantos
Children living in poverty in the United States in 2016 face a devastating combination of psychological problems. Their neighborhoods are often violent. They have no place to get healthy food. It is not safe to play outside, even on playgrounds. The children who grow up in this environment, not surprisingly, have many adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). ACEs cause toxic stress. Toxic stress leads to long-term physical and psychological problems. For many pediatricians, children's hospitals, civic leaders, and public health officials, it is difficult to know how to intervene...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807480/opportunities-and-challenges-in-screening-for-childhood-sexual-abuse
#6
Deepa L Sekhar, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Heather L Stuckey, Pamela D Witt, Erica B Francis, Ginger A Moore, Paul L Morgan, Jennie G Noll
Retrospective studies suggest 1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will experience sexual abuse before 18 years of age, resulting in future morbidity. Successful interventions exist, however, victims are reluctant to disclose. Screening for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may provide an opportunity to overcome this barrier, yet no current model for universal CSA screening exists. We sought to understand the perspective of key stakeholders on CSA screening through qualitative research. Eight focus groups of 7-10 participants each (n=62) were conducted from April-September 2016...
August 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805953/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-early-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study-ccss
#7
Katie A Devine, Ann C Mertens, John A Whitton, Carmen L Wilson, Kirsten K Ness, Jordan Gilleland Marchak, Wendy Leisenring, Kevin C Oeffinger, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin R Krull
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate concurrent and longitudinal associations between psychosocial functioning and physical activity in adolescent and young adult survivors of early childhood cancer. METHODS: Adolescent survivors of early childhood cancer (diagnosed before age four) participating in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study completed the Coping Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE; n=303; mean age at survey 17.6 years). A subset of these survivors (n=248) completed a follow-up survey an average of 6...
August 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805505/group-based-learning-among-caregivers-assessing-mothers-knowledge-before-and-after-an-early-childhood-intervention-in-rural-guatemala
#8
Gretchen J Domek, Brittney Macdonald, Catherine Cooper, Maureen Cunningham, Madiha Abdel-Maksoud, Stephen Berman
BACKGROUND: The first three years of a child's life are a critical period for brain growth and development. Caregiver interventions during this period that improve early childhood health and development have the potential to enhance a child's physical, mental, and social well-being. METHODS: This was a pretest/posttest quasi experimental program evaluation. Early childhood education materials were adapted to create two separate interventions consisting of 30-page interactive flipchart talks to educate mothers on health and development topics relevant to 0-6 and 6-12 month old children...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799240/adaptive-functioning-and-its-associated-factors-among-girl-children-residing-in-slum-areas-of-bhubaneswar-india
#9
Ansuman Panigrahi, Sai C Das, Prabhudarsan Sahoo
AIM: Adaptive functioning develops throughout early childhood, and its limitation is a reflection that the child has developmental or emotional problems or even mental retardation. Little is known about the adaptive functioning or developmental status of slum children. The present cross-sectional study was undertaken during the year 2014 to assess the status of adaptive functioning among girl children aged between 3 and 9 years residing in slum areas of Bhubaneswar and to explore the factors associated with poor adaptive functioning...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798151/socioeconomic-differences-in-children-s-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-evidence-from-four-european-countries
#10
Cathal McCrory, Neil O'Leary, Silvia Fraga, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Henrique Barros, Noora Kartiosuo, Olli Raitakari, Mika Kivimäki, Paolo Vineis, Richard Layte
BACKGROUND: Height is regarded as a marker of early-life illness, adversity, nutrition and psychosocial stress, but the extent to which differences in height are determined by early-life socioeconomic circumstances, particularly in contemporary populations, is unclear. This study examined socioeconomic differences in children's height trajectories from birth through to 21 years of age in four European countries. METHODS: Data were from six prospective cohort studies-Generation XXI, Growing Up in Ireland (infant and child cohorts), Millennium Cohort Study, EPITeen and Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study-comprising a total of 49 492 children with growth measured repeatedly from 1980 to 2014...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795830/early-predictors-of-escalating-internalizing-problems-across-middle-childhood
#11
Cen Wang, Kate E Williams, Ameneh Shahaeian, Linda J Harrison
The objective of this study is to examine the trajectory of internalizing problems across middle childhood among a population sample of Australian children, and to understand the timing of explanatory factors related to children's development of internalizing problems, by using multiple-indicator latent growth curve modeling. Participants were children, parents, and teachers in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) Kindergarten (K) cohort (n = 3,153). Mothers reported on children's internalizing problems at 3 time points (6-7, 8-9, and 10-11 years)...
August 10, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790912/associations-of-childhood-and-adulthood-cognition-with-bone-mineral-density-in-later-adulthood-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#12
Rebecca Bendayan, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper, Stella Muthuri, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Judith Adams, Kate Ward, Marcus Richards
This study explores the association between cognitive ability in childhood and midlife and bone health outcomes in early old age; and the relationships of these bone measures with contemporaneous and subsequent cognitive ability in the MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD). This British birth cohort assessed areal and volumetric bone mineral density (aBMD and vBMD) at age 60-64, derived from peripheral quantitative computed tomography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and cognitive performance from childhood to age 69, among 866 women and 792 men...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771418/quality-early-education-and-child-care-from-birth-to-kindergarten
#13
Elaine A Donoghue
High-quality early education and child care for young children improves physical and cognitive outcomes for the children and can result in enhanced school readiness. Preschool education can be viewed as an investment (especially for at-risk children), and studies show a positive return on that investment. Barriers to high-quality early childhood education include inadequate funding and staff education as well as variable regulation and enforcement. Steps that have been taken to improve the quality of early education and child care include creating multidisciplinary, evidence-based child care practice standards; establishing state quality rating and improvement systems; improving federal and state regulations; providing child care health consultation; as well as initiating other innovative partnerships...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770188/early-childhood-caries-prevalence-risk-factors-and-prevention
#14
REVIEW
Sukumaran Anil, Pradeep S Anand
Early childhood caries (ECC) is major oral health problem, mainly in socially disadvantaged populations. ECC affects infants and preschool children worldwide. The prevalence of ECC differs according to the group examined, and a prevalence of up to 85% has been reported for disadvantaged groups. ECC is the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth in children aged 71 months (5 years) or younger. It begins with white-spot lesions in the upper primary incisors along the margin of the gingiva...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768526/early-occurrence-of-childhood-dental-caries-among-low-literate-families
#15
Fatemeh Khani-Varzegani, Leila Erfanparast, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Marziyeh Shokravi, Fariba Azabdaftari, Marziyeh Parto, Behjat Shokrvash
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to identify the oral health status and influencing factors in preschool children in Tabriz, Iran. A total of 756 children from 20% of the total district preschools were selected using a two-step random sampling procedure. Questionnaires were used to collect demographic and socio-economic data. Oral exams were conducted by a single pediatric dentist to assess the children's oral health, and to determine the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of caries...
August 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764669/determinants-of-childhood-stunting-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-further-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-survey-2013-14
#16
Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano, Anne Hatløy
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determination and identify major factors contributing to the development of stunting. The aim of this study was to look for key determinants of stunting in the DRC. METHODS: This study used data from the DRC Demographic Health Survey 2013-14 which included anthropometric measurement for 9030 under 5 year children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762343/assessment-of-maternal-risk-factors-and-its-relationship-with-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-mangaluru-city
#17
Sham S Bhat, Sundeep Hegde, Vidya Bhat, K M Ramya, Praveen Jodalli
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the maternal risk factors and its relationship with early childhood caries (ECC) among preschoolchildren in Mangaluru city. METHODS: Children aged 3-5 years attending preschool (Anganwadi) and their mothers were included in the study. A total of 120 child-mother pairs participated in the study. The maternal risk factors were assessed by a pretested questionnaire. After obtaining the consent, the mother and their children were clinically examined for dental caries using the WHO criteria (1997)...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759395/childhood-illness-and-the-gender-gap-in-adolescent-education-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Marcella Alsan, Anlu Xing, Paul Wise, Gary L Darmstadt, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: Achieving gender equality in education is an important development goal. We tested the hypothesis that the gender gap in adolescent education is accentuated by illnesses among young children in the household. METHODS: Using Demographic and Health Surveys on 41 821 households in 38 low- and middle-income countries, we used linear regression to estimate the difference in the probability adolescent girls and boys were in school, and how this gap responded to illness episodes among children <5 years old...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753108/reducing-causes-of-inequity-policies-focused-on-social-determinants-of-health-during-generational-transitions-in-colombia
#19
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Fabian Dario Colonia
Health inequalities often result from social inequities, and those, in turn, are generated by social determinants of health (SDoH). Hence, to reduce health inequalities, it is necessary to consider all health-related determinants. Disadvantages arise even before birth, and they tend to accumulate throughout an individual's life. Thus, policy actions intended to overcome these health inequalities should take place before birth and continue throughout life. This review aimed to describe the first steps of that Colombia has taken to reduce health inequalities during generational transitions through an inter-sectorial coordination upon SDoH...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750342/the-role-of-public-and-private-natural-space-in-children-s-social-emotional-and-behavioural-development-in-scotland-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Elizabeth A Richardson, Jamie Pearce, Niamh K Shortt, Richard Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Poor mental health in childhood has implications for health and wellbeing in later life. Natural space may benefit children's social, emotional and behavioural development. We investigated whether neighbourhood natural space and private garden access were related to children's developmental change over time. We asked whether relationships differed between boys and girls, or by household educational status. METHODS: We analysed longitudinal data for 2909 urban-dwelling children (aged 4 at 2008/9 baseline) from the Growing Up in Scotland (GUS) survey...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Research
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