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Early Childhood Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239783/early-adulthood-determinants-of-mid-life-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-stability-and-change-findings-from-a-prospective-birth-cohort
#1
Snehal M Pinto Pereira, Chris Power
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity is highly prevalent. Knowledge is needed of influences on inactive lifestyles. We aimed to establish whether early adult factors predict subsequent inactivity patterns in mid-adulthood. DESIGN: Leisure-time inactivity (activity frequency<1/week) was assessed at 33y and 50y in the 1958 British Birth cohort (N=12,271). METHODS: We assessed associations of early adult (23-33y) physical status, mental function, social, family and neighbourhood circumstances with four 33-50y patterns (never inactive, persistently inactive, deteriorating or improving) using multinomial logistic regression with and without adjustment for childhood factors (e...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239584/children-s-rights-and-the-possibilities-of-health-promotion-in-early-childhood
#2
Tuomas Kurttila
National and international research evidence of the importance of early childhood and early childhood education to human well-being, resilience and attachment to the society justifies the investment in childhood and children. From the society, this requires national intent, management by knowledge, and strengthening of fundamental rights of children.
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227958/limited-access-to-special-education-services-for-school-aged-children-with-developmental-delay
#3
Erica Twardzik, Ellen Smit, Bridget Hatfield, Michelle C Odden, Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Megan MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Current policy in Oregon limits eligibility of children diagnosed with developmental delay for school-based services. Due to eligibility definitions, children with developmental delay may face additional barriers transitioning from early intervention/early childhood special education into school-based special education services. AIMS: Examine the relationship between enrollment in school-based special education programs given a change in primary disability diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#4
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#5
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219619/prenatal-and-early-life-fructose-fructose-containing-beverages-and-mid-childhood-asthma
#6
Lakiea S Wright, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Augusto A Litonjua, Diane R Gold
RATIONALE: Cross-sectional studies have linked intake of high fructose corn syrup sweetened beverages with asthma in school children. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar sweetened beverages and fructose with current asthma in mid-childhood (median 7.7years). METHODS: We assessed maternal pregnancy (1st and 2nd trimester average) and child (median 3.3years) intake of sugar sweetened beverages and total fructose using food frequency questionnaires in 1068 mother-child pairs from Project Viva, a prospective pre-birth cohort...
December 8, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219131/status-of-early-childhood-education-under-integrated-child-development-services-scheme-in-bankura-municipality-west-bengal
#7
Sumana Samanta, Subhra Samujjwal Basu, Dibakar Haldar, Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Asit Baran Saren, Gautam Narayan Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Early childhood education (ECE) is an important service provided by Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). It is largely responsible for developing school readiness in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess ECE component of ICDS services through measurement of school readiness and find out other correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation study was carried out among Anganwadi centers (AWCs) under Bankura Municipality, West Bengal, India from July to November 2015...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219087/canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years-exploring-the-perceptions-of-stakeholders-and-end-users-regarding-their-acceptability-barriers-to-uptake-and-dissemination
#8
Negin Riazi, Subha Ramanathan, Meghan O'Neill, Mark S Tremblay, Guy Faulkner
BACKGROUND: It is important to engage stakeholders and end users in the development of guidelines for knowledge translation purposes. The aim of this study was to examine stakeholders' (experts in pediatric and family medicine, physical activity knowledge translation, and research) and end users' (parents and early childhood educators) perceptions of the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years). METHODS: Stakeholders (n = 10) engaged in telephone interviews and end users (n = 92) participated in focus groups (n = 14) to discuss perceived clarity and need for the guidelines, potential barriers to implementation, identification of credible messengers, and methods for dissemination of the guidelines...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217964/sit-down-and-play-a-preventive-primary-care-based-program-to-enhance-parenting-practices
#9
Reshma Shah, Daniela DeFrino, Yoonsang Kim, Marc Atkins
The primary care office offers an ideal setting to encourage parenting behaviors that promote early childhood development. We conducted a pilot study to establish feasibility and acceptability of Sit Down and Play (SDP), a brief primary care-based program to facilitate positive parenting behaviors through take-home play activities. A prospective 1-month study was conducted in an urban primary care clinic. SDP was administered to 30 caregivers of 6-12 month old children while they waited for their well-child appointment...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216768/a-mysterious-case-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#10
Angela Burian, Othmar Schuhfried, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestation and the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type II in childhood. METHODS: Using information on the symptoms, diagnosis, rehabilitation and outcome of a young patient with complex regional pain syndrome type II. RESULTS: A 9-year -old girl had severe pain in the region of the left foot, signs of a common fibular nerve entrapment, hyperalgesia not limited to the distribution of the injured nerve, weakness and temperature asymmetry unknown origin...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211770/socioeconomic-differences-in-children-s-television-viewing-trajectory-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Junwen Yang-Huang, Amy van Grieken, Henriëtte A Moll, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Anne I Wijtzes, Hein Raat
We aimed to evaluate the association between family socioeconomic status and repeatedly measured child television viewing time from early childhood to the school period. We analyzed data on 3,561 Dutch children from the Generation R Study, a population-based study in the Netherlands. Parent-reported television viewing time for children aged 2, 3, 4, 6 and 9 years were collected by questionnaires sent from April 2004 until January 2015. Odds ratios of watching television ≥1 hour/day at each age were calculated for children of mothers with low, mid-low, mid-high and high (reference group) education and children from low, middle and high (reference group) income households...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205074/overweight-and-obesity-risk-factors-in-children-aged-3-7-years-a-prospective-study-in-the-city-of-krak%C3%A3-w
#12
Małgorzata Kowal, Stanisław Matusik, Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Łukasz Kryst, Jan Sobiecki, Agnieszka Woronkowicz
BACKGROUND: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. The study involved 1042 pre-school children aged 3-7 years...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198962/-type%C3%A2-1-primary%C3%A2-hyperoxaluria-from%C3%A2-childhood-to%C3%A2-adult-how-to%C3%A2-manage-adequately-medical-therapy-compliance
#13
Marie Leflot, Jean-Marie Krzesinski, Laure Collard, Alexandre Thomas, Marie-Sophie Ghuysen
We report the cases of three young patients suffering from type 1 primary hyperoxaluria, a metabolic genetic disorder characterized by intracellular accumulation of oxalate and which may result in end-stage renal disease with systemic impairment. A number of effective conservative therapeutic means are available for early management of affected children particularly when he is growing older. Despite the demonstrated efficacy of conservative therapy, compliance represents a major and daily challenge. Monitoring therapeutic compliance is thus an important task for physicians in charge of this disease...
November 29, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197529/the-longitudinal-association-between-temperament-and-physical-activity-in-young-children
#14
Daphne J Korczak, Sheri Madigan, Marlena Colasanto, Peter Szatmari, Yang Chen, Jonathon Maguire, Patricia Parkin, Catherine S Birken
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal association of negative affect and physical activity in a population of preschool children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included 763 children (53% male) attending scheduled health supervision visits in their primary care physicians' offices. Data were collected at two time points at mean ages 27 (SD=5.4) and 47 (SD=6.2) months. Negative affect (NA) was measured using the Negative Affectivity (frustration/anger, decreased soothability) domain of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197365/prevalence-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-associated-socioeconomic-and-behavioral-factors-in-xinjiang-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Yan Li, Jibieke Wulaerhan, Yuan Liu, Ayinuer Abudureyimu, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and identified socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of the disease in preschool children living in Xinjiang. METHODS: For this cross-sectional survey, 1727 children aged 3-5 years in Xinjiang were randomly recruited using a three-stage cluster sampling procedure. The "dmft" index according to the WHO 1997 criteria was used to assess ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC). A questionnaire was completed by caregivers...
December 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187346/influence-of-early-childhood-burns-on-school-performance-an-australian-population-study
#16
Nadin Azzam, Ju-Lee Oei, Susan Adams, Barbara Bajuk, Lisa Hilder, Abdel-Latif Mohamed, Ian M R Wright, Andrew J A Holland
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of burn injuries on childhood performance in national standardised curriculum-based school tests. DESIGN: Birth and health records of 977 children who were hospitalised with a burn injury between 2000 and 2006 in the state of New South Wales, Australia, were linked to performance scores in the National Assessment Program: Literacy and Numeracy test, a compulsory nationwide curriculum-based test (CBT) and compared with children who were not hospitalised for burns and who were matched for birth year, gender, gestation and socioeconomic status...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186940/patient%C3%A2-s-health-awareness-as-a-significant-link-in-the-process-of-melanoma-diagnostics
#17
Magdalena Wawrzynkiewicz, Małgorzata Radwanek, Agnieszka Oszywa, Anna Wojas-Pelc
INTRODUCTION: Melanoma malignum is a relatively rare neoplasm, among all skin neoplasms, but its related mortality is high. Diagnosis and removal of the lesion at an early stage are crucial for significant increase in chances of survival andis highly determined by patients’ awareness in terms of melanoma risk factors. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the level of patients’ knowledge and awareness in terms of skin melanoma, its risk factors, health promoting behaviors, as well as learning about the sources of this knowledge...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184588/clinical-outcomes-of-high-risk-infant-follow-up-program-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#18
Kayvan Mirnia, Forouzan Akrami, Behzad Jodeiry, Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Sima Safavinia
Background: High-risk infant follow-up (HRIF) program is necessary for early detection, timely intervention, and promotion of health outcomes in vulnerable infants, ethically. The present study was carried out to assess the clinical outcomes of the HRIF Program in Alzahra hospital as a tertiary care centre, in Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cohort study, 5840 neonates were born at Alzahra hospital, from June 1, 2011 to 30th February 2012. Among those who were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), 253 infants were recruited by census according to HRIs criteria...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170057/barriers-and-enablers-to-implementation-of-dietary-guidelines-in-early-childhood-education-centers-in-australia-application-of-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#19
Alice Grady, Kirsty Seward, Meghan Finch, Alison Fielding, Fiona Stacey, Jannah Jones, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong
OBJECTIVE: To identify perceived barriers and enablers to implementation of dietary guidelines reported by early childhood education center cooks, and barriers and enablers associated with greater implementation based on assessment of center menu compliance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone interview. SETTING: Early childhood education centers, New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 202 cooks responsible for menu planning; 70 centers provided a menu for review of compliance with dietary guidelines...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168897/early-socioeconomic-conditions-and-severe-tooth-loss-in-middle-aged-costa-ricans
#20
Romain Fantin, Cyrille Delpierre, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Cristina Barboza Solís
OBJECTIVE: A wide literature shows a strong social gradient in tooth loss according to income, education and occupation, in both developed and developing countries. It has been shown associations between tooth loss and parental education and occupation, independently of adult conditions. To explore the role of early socioeconomic circumstances on tooth loss, we used a lifecourse model. We analysed the direct and indirect links between early socioeconomic conditions and severe adult tooth loss...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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