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Early Childhood Education

William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Claire Colangelo
PURPOSE: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
S E Miller, M D DeBoer, R J Scharf
OBJECTIVES: Poor executive functioning is associated with life-long difficulty. Identification of children at risk for executive dysfunction is important for early intervention to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This study is designed to examine relationships between birthweight and executive functioning in US children during kindergarten. Our hypothesis was that children with higher birthweights would have better executive function scores. We evaluated data from 17506 US children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten 2011 cohort...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Melissa A Bright, Lindsay A Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To understand how adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with co-occurring physical, mental and developmental problems during early childhood. METHOD: A subsample of 19,957 children aged 2-5 years were selected from the 2011-2012 National Survey for Child Health. Outcomes included 18 health conditions organized in singular condition domains (physical, mental, and developmental), and combinations of condition domains (e.g., physical plus mental, mental plus developmental, etc...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Anthony D Okely, Xiaoqi Feng, Rute Santos
The aim of this systematic review was to summarize ECEC environmental correlates of weight status in children under the age of 6years. Six databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched until March 2017. Observational studies examining the relationship between ECEC environmental characteristics and weight status in children aged 0-6years were included. Data was extracted using a predesigned form. Eight studies, representing 4862 children, met the inclusion criteria...
October 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
Halina B Röllin, Bukola Olutola, Kalavati Channa, Jon Ø Odland
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to lead (Pb) has been shown to have negative and irreversible health impacts on foetal and early childhood development, affecting morbidity and mortality in adulthood. This study aimed to assess in utero Pb exposure, examine birth outcomes, and identify confounding factors in the large cohort of South African population, following the legislated removal of Pb from petrol. METHODS: Lead was measured in the maternal blood, urine and cord blood using Inductive Coupled Plasma Mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
2017: PloS One
Amanda M Mitchell, Jennifer M Kowalsky, Elissa S Epel, Jue Lin, Lisa M Christian
Adverse perinatal health outcomes are heightened among women with psychosocial risk factors, including childhood adversity and a lack of social support. Biological aging could be one pathway by which such outcomes occur. However, data examining links between psychosocial factors and indicators of biological aging among perinatal women are limited. The current study examined the associations of childhood socioeconomic status (SES), childhood trauma, and current social support with telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in a sample of 81 women assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy as well as 7-11 weeks postpartum...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
S Bharati, M Pal, S Shome, P Roy, P Dhara, P Bharati
Obesity is fast becoming an epidemic among the urban children and it has its adverse effect on the status of health even during adulthood. In this paper an attempt is made to assess the percentage of obesity among 6-10 year children and assess the effect of different socio-economic variables and TV watching on childhood obesity. We restricted our study to primary school-going children who attended classes I-IV. The sample consisted of 5216 children from 20 different Bengali medium and English medium schools in Kolkata...
September 20, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
Marja-Liisa Laitala, Miira M Vehkalahti, Jorma I Virtanen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the habitual consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sweets in relation to mothers' behaviours and practices with their infants. METHODS: We targeted mothers with children 1-24 months (N = 200) visiting Public Child Health clinics in Finland. During routine visits mothers (N = 179) volunteered to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about their child's health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets and SSBs, tooth brushing frequency)...
October 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Mary Esselman, Brijin Gardner, Marsha Gillespie
Operation Breakthrough (OB) is one of Missouri's largest early Head Start program and provides a variety of other services related to early childhood education and family support to low-income families who live in the poorest neighborhoods of Kansas City. Currently 96% of its preschool children enter kindergarten ready to learn. Current CLASS(TM) scores for Emotional Support, Organizational Support, and Instructional Support exceed national averages. In this paper, we describe the range of services it provides and give details of its organizational structure and budget...
September 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Minha Hong, Han Nah Cho, Ah Reum Kim, Hyun Ju Hong, Yong-Sil Kweon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of childhood suicidal deaths among elementary school students that occurred from 2011 to 2015 in Korea. METHODS: The report form of each suicide case by the teacher in charge to the Education Ministry was reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: There were 19 suicidal deaths (12 boys, 7 girls) in elementary school students. The youngest case was a third grader (n = 1). Jumping from heights (n = 12) was the most frequently used method...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Isabel Iguacel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
Background: Differences in obesity prevalence among vulnerable groups exist in childhood but it remains unclear whether these differences may be partly determined by socioeconomic status (SES), parental body mass index (BMI) and early life risk factors. We aimed to explore (i) longitudinal associations between belonging to a minority group and being overweight/obese at age 2, 4 and 6 and (ii) associations between accumulation of social vulnerabilities and being overweight/obese at age 6...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
Christine G Parks, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Dale P Sandler
Farming and pesticide exposure may influence risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the role of early life pesticide exposures is not known. In the Sister Study, a national cohort of women ages 35-74 (enrolled 2004-2009), we examined childhood pesticide exposures in adult-onset RA. Cases (n = 424), reported at enrollment and confirmed by disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or steroid use for RA and ≥6 weeks bilateral joint swelling, were compared to 48,919 non-cases. Data included pesticide use at the longest childhood residence through age 14, farm residence of ≥12 months with agricultural pesticide exposures through age 18, and maternal farm experience...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Negin Hajizadeh, Elizabeth R Stevens, Melanie Applegate, Keng-Yen Huang, Dimitra Kamboukos, R Scott Braithwaite, Laurie M Brotman
BACKGROUND: ParentCorps is a family-centered enhancement to pre-kindergarten programming in elementary schools and early education centers. When implemented in high-poverty, urban elementary schools serving primarily Black and Latino children, it has been found to yield benefits in childhood across domains of academic achievement, behavior problems, and obesity. However, its long-term cost-effectiveness is unknown. METHODS: We determined the cost-effectiveness of ParentCorps in high-poverty, urban schools using a Markov Model projecting the long-term impact of ParentCorps compared to standard pre-kindergarten programming...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
Constantine E Gasser, Fiona K Mensah, Jessica A Kerr, Melissa Wake
BACKGROUND: Social patterning of dietary-related diseases may partly be explained by population disparities in children's diets. This study aimed to determine which early life socioeconomic factors best predict dietary trajectories across childhood. METHODS: For waves 2-6 of the Baby (B) Cohort (ages 2-3 to 10-11 years) and waves 1-6 of the Kindergarten (K) Cohort (ages 4-5 to 14-15 years) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, we constructed trajectories of dietary scores and of empirically derived dietary patterns...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Leonardo Bevilacqua, Daniel Hale, Edward D Barker, Russell Viner
There is increasing evidence that youth who follow the early onset persistent (EOP), adolescent-onset (AO) and childhood-limited (CL) trajectories of conduct problems show varying patterns of health, mental health, educational, and social outcomes in adulthood. However, there has been no systematic review and meta-analysis on outcomes associated with different conduct problems trajectories. We systematically reviewed the literature of longitudinal studies considering outcomes of three conduct problems trajectories: EOP, AO, and CL compared with individuals with low levels of conduct problems (low)...
October 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Suvi P Rovio, Xiaolin Yang, Anna Kankaanpää, Ville Aalto, Mirja Hirvensalo, Risto Telama, Katja Pahkala, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Tuija H Tammelin
BACKGROUND: Determining life-long trajectories and their determinants is essential to promote a physically active lifestyle throughout the life-course. We aimed to identify physical activity (PA) trajectories from childhood to midlife and their determinants in a longitudinal population-based cohort. METHODS: This study is a part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. From 1980, a population-based cohort (N=3,596:1764 boys/1832 girls, age 3-18 years) has been followed-up for 31 years...
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Bruna Pereira Ricci Marini, Mariane Cristina Lourenço, Patrícia Carla de Souza Della Barba
OBJECTIVE: To identify which Early Childhood Intervention practices and models are described in the Brazilian literature. DATA SOURCES: A systematic integrative review of the literature indexed in databases from Virtual Health Library, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine, Education Resources Information Center and Portal of Periodicals of the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel was carried out, considering the period between 2005 and 2015. The following articles were analyzed: those published in English or Portuguese, fully available online, with the terms "Early Intervention", "Early Stimulation" or "Essential Stimulation" in the title, abstract or keywords; studies that enrolled children aged from 0 to 6 years, their caregivers or professionals in Early Intervention services; manuscripts published in journals classified as ≥ B2 (WebQualis; Qualis 2014) in the fields of Education or Physical Education; and studies that described Early Intervention practices...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Julius Grund, Wolfgang Schulz
The Influence of Media Consumption During Early Childhood on Media Use and Psychological Disorders in Adolescence There are many studies that suggest that there is a link between high media consumption and psychological, physiological and social disorders. Nevertheless, there are also inconsistent results, methodical limitations and a lack of longitudinal studies. The present study analyses habits of media consumption in children and adolescents, the influence of different early childhood risk factors on the use of the media in adolescence and the links between early childhood media consumption and disorders in adolescence...
October 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Heidi Keller
This article argues that the relationships between culture and development are differential and systematic. Therefore the presentation of the Western middle-class developmental pathway in textbooks as universal is grossly neglecting the reality and the psychologies of the majority of the world' s population. First, the conception of culture as the representation of environmental conditions is presented. The level of formal education acts as organizer of social milieus that define different learning environments for children...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Leila Basir, Bita Rasteh, Ali Montazeri, Marzieh Araban
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common dental disease among children, which can affect children's primary teeth during their teething. This study evaluates an intervention for preventing early childhood caries in a pediatric population in Ahvaz, Iran. METHOD: The population of this study (IRCT2017070210804N10) consists of 104 women with 12 to 36 months of age without dental caries referred to a health care center in Ahvaz, Iran. The children were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group in equal numbers...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
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