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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930497/improving-blood-pressure-control-using-smart-technology
#1
Elizabeth L Ciemins, Anupama Arora, Nicholas C Coombs, Barbara Holloway, Elizabeth J Mullette, Robin Garland, Shannon Walsh Bishop-Green, Jerry Penso, Patricia J Coon
BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine if wireless oscillometric home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) that integrates with smartphone technology improves blood pressure (BP) control among patients with new or existing uncontrolled hypertension (HTN). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study monitored BP control before and after an educational intervention and introduction to HBPM. Patients in the intervention group were instructed to track their BP using a smartphone device three to seven times per week...
September 30, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923549/color-stability-of-lithium-disilicate-ceramics-after-aging-and-immersion-in-common-beverages
#2
Eleni-Sotiria Palla, Eleana Kontonasaki, Nikolaos Kantiranis, Lambrini Papadopoulou, Triantafyllia Zorba, Konstantinos M Paraskevopoulos, Petros Koidis
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The color of an esthetic restoration and its color stability are important for long-term success. However, the impact of common beverages on lithium disilicate ceramic is not well known. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate color variations of lithium disilicate ceramics after thermal cycling (TC) and immersion in commonly consumed beverages. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 288 specimens (1×10×10 mm) were fabricated from IPS e-max computer-aided design (CAD) (n=72), IPS e-max CERAM ([CER] n=72), IPS e-max Press with glazing ([PG] n=72), and IPS e-max Press without glazing ([PNG] n=72) according to the manufacturer's instructions...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915871/virtual-patients-in-the-acquisition-of-clinical-reasoning-skills-does-presentation-mode-matter-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Fabian Schubach, Matthias Goos, Götz Fabry, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to compare two different instructional methods in the curricular use of computerized virtual patients in undergraduate medical education. We aim to investigate whether using many short and focused cases - the key feature principle - is more effective for the learning of clinical reasoning skills than using few long and systematic cases. METHODS: We conducted a quasi-randomized, non-blinded, controlled parallel-group intervention trial in a large medical school in Southwestern Germany...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915003/the-evolution-of-dna-templated-synthesis-as-a-tool-for-materials-discovery
#4
Rachel K O'Reilly, Andrew J Turberfield, Thomas R Wilks
Precise control over reactivity and molecular structure is a fundamental goal of the chemical sciences. Billions of years of evolution by natural selection have resulted in chemical systems capable of information storage, self-replication, catalysis, capture and production of light, and even cognition. In all these cases, control over molecular structure is required to achieve a particular function: without structural control, function may be impaired, unpredictable, or impossible. The search for molecules with a desired function is often achieved by synthesizing a combinatorial library, which contains many or all possible combinations of a set of chemical building blocks (BBs), and then screening this library to identify "successful" structures...
September 15, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914233/lessons-from-two-cases-of-radiation-induced-skin-injuries-in-fluoroscopic-procedures-in-bulgaria
#5
Desislava Kostova-Lefterova, Jenia Vassileva, M M Rehani
Radiation-induced injuries to patient skin as a result of fluoroscopy guided interventional procedures are infrequently reported, often misdiagnosed and there is a need to learn lessons from every injury. Methods: This paper describes two cases of radiation induced skin injuries that are, to the best of our knowledge, the first ever reported cases from Bulgaria and possibly from Eastern Europe, and would thus have educational value. Results: The important messages from the skin injuries reported here are: lack of awareness among part of the interventional specialists about the potential for radiation induced skin injury, misdiagnosis after injury happened because of lack of awareness and knowledge among general physicians, dermatologists and surgeons who followed up cases of skin injuries; lack of system to monitor patients with relatively high exposure; important role played by the medical physicist in diagnosing the injury and overall in initiating actions; role of training and informational material displayed in interventional facilities...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904893/surgical-patient-selection-and-counseling
#6
REVIEW
Matt Ziegelmann, Tobias S Köhler, George C Bailey, Tanner Miest, Manaf Alom, Landon Trost
The objectives of patient selection and counseling are ultimately to enhance successful outcomes. However, the definition for success is often narrowly defined in published literature (ability to complete surgery, complications, satisfaction) and fails to account for patient desires and expectations, temporal changes, natural history of underlying diseases, or independent validation. Factors associated with satisfaction and dissatisfaction are often surgery-specific, although correlation with pre-operative expectations, revisions, and complications are common with most procedures...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894654/evaluation-of-a-novel-hybrid-viable-bioprosthetic-mesh-in-a-model-of-mesh-infection
#7
Ally Ha, Erik T Criman, Wendy E Kurata, Karen W Matsumoto, Lisa M Pierce
BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of mesh infection in contaminated operative fields is as high as 30% regardless of material used. Our laboratory previously showed that augmenting acellular bioprosthetic mesh with allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) enhances resistance to bacterial colonization in vivo and preserves mesh integrity. This study's aim was to determine whether augmentation of non-crosslinked porcine dermis (Strattice) with commercially available, cryopreserved, viable MSC-containing human placental tissue (Stravix) similarly improves infection resistance after inoculation with Escherichia coli (E...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888509/tummy-time-for-latinos-with-limited-english-proficiency-evaluating-the-feasibility-of-a-cultural-and-linguistically-adapted-parent-education-intervention
#8
Alexandra Nitsos, Robin Dawson Estrada, DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias
PURPOSE: Tummy Time is preventive positioning designed to strengthen an infant's neck and upper body muscles and minimize musculoskeletal disorders, including positional plagiocephaly. Latino parents with limited English proficiency (LEP) may experience barriers to receiving instruction on this important health-promotion strategy. Study aims included 1) adaptation and implementation of a Spanish-language version of Tummy Time; 2) evaluation of participant Tummy Time knowledge; and 3) assessment of efficacy and acceptability of the Spanish language intervention...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886468/do-drives-drive-the-train-of-thought-effects-of-hunger-and-sexual-arousal-on-mind-wandering-behavior
#9
Jan Rummel, Laura Nied
Physiological needs that are currently unfulfilled are known to affect human cognition and behavior. The present study investigates whether and how the temporary activation of two primary physiological needs, namely hunger and sexual arousal, influence both the frequency and the contents of mind-wandering episodes. To induce hunger, one group of participants fasted for a minimum of five hours whereas another group of participants was exposed to audio material with explicit sexual content to provoke sexual arousal...
September 5, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874997/influence-of-the-material-for-preformed-moulds-on-the-polymerization-temperature-of-resin-materials-for-temporary-fpds
#10
Philipp-Cornelius Pott, Hans Schmitz-Wätjen, Meike Stiesch, Michael Eisenburger
PURPOSE: Temperature increase of 5.5 ℃ can cause damage or necrosis of the pulp. Increasing temperature can be caused not only by mechanical factors, e.g. grinding, but also by exothermic polymerization reactions of resin materials. The aim of this study was to evaluate influences of the form material on the intrapulpal temperature during the polymerization of different self-curing resin materials for temporary restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 provisonal bridges were made of 5 resin materials: Prevision Temp (Pre), Protemp 4 (Pro), Luxatemp Star (Lux), Structure 3 (Str) and an experimental material (Exp)...
August 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874639/comparative-analysis-of-the-water-sorption-and-cytotoxicity-of-two-different-denture-base-systems-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Prashanth Shetty, Lokesh Chhapdia, Pranav Verma, Anshul Sahu, Narendra S Kushwaha, Rahul Chaturvedi, Suvashri Manna
AIM: Different biomaterials and techniques have been introduced in the field of prosthetic dentistry with the purpose of replacement and rehabilitation of the edentulous areas. Due to their shorter setting time, the light-activated restorative and prosthetic materials have the capability of releasing few amount of cytotoxic materials in the oral cavity. Polymer materials [urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and bis-acryl] are assumed to have high mechanical properties. Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) offers numerous advantages of being highly esthetic in nature and at the same time being cost-effective...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864790/a-survey-of-dental-implant-instruction-in-predoctoral-dental-curricula-in-north-america
#12
Hidemichi Kihara, Jie Sun, Maiko Sakai, Shigemi Nagai, John Da Silva
The aim of this study was to investigate the extent and forms of predoctoral implant dentistry instruction in North American dental schools and to identify future directions and challenges. The survey collected data on curriculum content, departmental oversight, techniques, and materials, as well as current problems to be solved. The 30-question survey was sent in 2012 to the dean or administrator in charge of the predoctoral curriculum of all 73 dental schools in the U.S. and Canada at the time; four reminders were sent...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861133/microbial-murders-crime-scene-investigation-an-active-team-based-learning-project-that-enhances-student-enthusiasm-and-comprehension-of-clinical-microbial-pathogens
#13
J Jordan Steel
Microbial disease knowledge is a critical component of microbiology courses and is beneficial for many students' future careers. Microbiology courses traditionally cover core concepts through lectures and labs, but specific instruction on microbial diseases varies greatly depending on the instructor and course. A common project involves students researching and presenting a disease to the class. This method alone is not very effective, and course evaluations have consistently indicated that students felt they lacked adequate disease knowledge; therefore, a more hands-on and interactive disease project was developed called Microbial Murders...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851337/which-online-format-is-most-effective-for-assisting-baby-boomers-to-complete-advance-directives-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-email-prompting-versus-online-education-module
#14
Sandra L Bradley, Jennifer J Tieman, Richard J Woodman, Paddy A Phillips
BACKGROUND: Completion of Advance Directives (ADs), being financial and healthcare proxy or instructional documents, is relatively uncommon in Australia. Efforts to increase completion rates include online education and prompting which past literature suggests may be effective. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess computer-based online AD information and email prompting for facilitating completion of ADs by Australian Baby Boomers (b.1946-1965) as well as factors which may impede or assist completion of these documents by this generation when using the online environment...
August 29, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844248/the-use-of-concrete-experiences-in-early-childhood-mathematics-instruction
#15
Arthur J Baroody
Addressed are four key issues regarding concrete instruction: What is concrete? What is a worthwhile concrete experience? How can concrete experiences be used effectively in early childhood mathematics instruction? Is there evidence such experiences work? I argue that concrete experiences are those that build on what is familiar to a child and can involve objects, verbal analogies, or virtual images. The use of manipulatives or computer games, for instance, does not in itself guarantee an educational experience...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840282/evaluation-of-a-well-known-technique-with-ultrasound-dorsal-grafting-in-rhinoplasty
#16
Basak Caypinar Eser, A Emre Ilhan, Betul Cengiz
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the survival of a well-known camouflage technique using ultrasound imaging of the graft through the nasal dorsum and supratip. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty-two patients (8 women and 14 men) who underwent primary rhinoplasty performed by the same surgeon in Isparta, Turkey, between December 2013 and February 2015, were evaluated in this retrospective study. We used the remaining pieces of harvested septal cartilage during rhinoplasty as autologous graft material and venous blood mixture as a scaffold in a Turkish Delight fashion...
August 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836538/a-comparative-study-to-determine-strength-of-autopolymerizing-acrylic-resin-and-autopolymerizing-composite-resin-influenced-by-temperature-during-polymerization-an-in-vitro-study
#17
Anuj Chhabra, I V Rudraprasad, D B Nandeeshwar, C Nidhi
AIM: Temporary coverage of a prepared tooth is an important step during various stages of the fixed dental prosthesis. Provisional restorations should satisfy proper mechanical requirements to resist functional and nonfunctional loads. A few studies are carried out regarding the comparison of the effect of curing environment, air and water, on mechanical properties of autopolymerizing acrylic and composite resin. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare the transverse strength of autopolymerizing acrylic resin and autopolymerizing composite resin as influenced by the temperature of air and water during polymerization...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833215/facilitating-donor-compliance-with-strategies-to-prevent-vasovagal-reactions-comparison-of-web-based-and-in-center-approaches
#18
Amanda Thijsen, Jenny Fisher, Carley N Gemelli, Barbara Bell, Tanya E Davison, Barbara M Masser
BACKGROUND: Research has documented beneficial effects of water loading (WL) and applied muscle tension (AMT) on reducing self-reported vasovagal reactions (VVRs) in whole blood (WB) donors. However, the optimal approach to reducing VVRs using these strategies in routine blood collection practice is not known. This study evaluated the effectiveness of embedding newly developed web-based and on-site donor education materials to increase the use of these two prevention techniques during blood collection...
August 21, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827848/biocompatibility-evaluation-of-four-dentin-adhesives-used-as-indirect-pulp-capping-materials
#19
Olga Cortés, Antonia Alcaina, Antonia Bernabé
BACKGROUND: In many cases, the indirect pulp treatment (IPT) is an acceptable treatment for deciduous teeth with reversible pulp inflammation. Various medicaments have been used for IPT, ranging from calcium hydroxide and glass ionomers to dentin adhesives. OBJECTIVE: This in vitro trial aimed to measure cytotoxicity in a cell culture, comparing the following four adhesives: Xeno® V (XE), Excite® F DSC (EX), Adhese® OneF (AD) and Prime & Bond NT (PB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The adhesives were prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions...
June 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809700/cognitive-cost-of-using-augmented-reality-displays
#20
James Baumeister, Seung Youb Ssin, Neven A M ElSayed, Jillian Dorrian, David P Webb, James A Walsh, Timothy M Simon, Andrew Irlitti, Ross T Smith, Mark Kohler, Bruce H Thomas
This paper presents the results of two cognitive load studies comparing three augmented reality display technologies: spatial augmented reality, the optical see-through Microsoft HoloLens, and the video see-through Samsung Gear VR. In particular, the two experiments focused on isolating the cognitive load cost of receiving instructions for a button-pressing procedural task. The studies employed a self-assessment cognitive load methodology, as well as an additional dual-task cognitive load methodology. The results showed that spatial augmented reality led to increased performance and reduced cognitive load...
August 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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