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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076015/us-and-mr-imaging-of-pectoralis-major-injuries
#1
Yauk K Lee, Matt R Skalski, Eric A White, Anderanik Tomasian, Diane D Phan, Dakshesh B Patel, George R Matcuk, Aaron J Schein
During the past 2 decades, the frequency of pectoralis major muscle injuries has increased in association with the increased popularity of bench press exercises. Injury of the pectoralis major can occur at the muscle origin, muscle belly, musculotendinous junction, intratendinous region, and/or humeral insertion-with or without bone avulsion. The extent of the tendon injury ranges from partial to complete tears. Treatment may be surgical or conservative, depending on the clinical scenario and anatomic characteristics of the injury...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072606/an-innovative-approach-using-simulation-to-teach-primary-care-gynecologic-procedures
#2
Susan D Hellier, Denise R Ramponi, Alexander Wrynn, Stephanie Garofalo
INTRODUCTION: In response to the growing body of evidence that simulation is a satisfactory way to instruct procedural skills, we developed an innovative model to teach common gynecologic procedures such as cervical cancer screening, cervical polyp removal, intrauterine device removal, and endometrial biopsy. The objectives of this study were to describe the construction of the model and to assess participants' satisfaction and confidence in applying the learning objectives to their clinical practice...
January 9, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057678/afs-identification-and-quantification-of-species-composition-by-metagenomic-sequencing
#3
Yongchao Liu, Fabian Ripp, Rene Koeppel, Hanno Schmidt, Sören Lukas Hellmann, Mathias Weber, Christopher Felix Krombholz, Bertil Schmidt, Thomas Hankeln
: DNA-based methods to detect and quantify taxon composition in biological materials are often based on species-specific polymerase chain reaction, limited to detecting species targeted by the assay. Next-generation sequencing overcomes this drawback by untargeted shotgun sequencing of whole metagenomes at affordable cost. Here we present AFS, a software pipeline for quantification of species composition in food. AFS uses metagenomic shotgun sequencing and sequence read counting to infer species proportions...
January 5, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047651/su-f-j-100-standardized-biodistribution-template-for-nuclear-medicine-dosimetry-collection-and-reporting
#4
A Kesner, G Poli, S Beykan, M Lassman
PURPOSE: As the field of Nuclear Medicine moves forward with efforts to integrate radiation dosimetry into clinical practice we can identify the challenge posed by the lack of standardized dose calculation methods and protocols. All personalized internal dosimetry is derived by projecting biodistribution measurements into dosimetry calculations. In an effort to standardize organization of data and its reporting, we have developed, as a sequel to the EANM recommendation of "Good Dosimetry Reporting", a freely available biodistribution template, which can be used to create a common point of reference for dosimetry data...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040366/3d-printed-transparent-facemasks-in-the-treatment-of-facial-hypertrophic-scars-of-young-children-with-burns
#5
Yating Wei, Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Jun Liu, Lihua Xie, Shukai Yue
INTRODUCTION: Facial burns could create serious scar problems resulting disfigurement particularly on children. The conventional methods of producing transparent face masks for scar control remains complex and require dexterous skills of experienced clinician and patients' compliance during fitting. In this study, we adopted a portable 3D scanning and Computer-Aided Design (CAD) to produce 3D-printed transparent facemasks. Its efficacy was tested on two children with facial burns resulting hypertrophic scars...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032165/an-alternative-posterosuperior-auricular-fascia-flap-for-ear-elevation-during-microtia-reconstruction
#6
Yiyuan Li, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li
BACKGROUND: Advances in staged total auricular reconstruction have resulted in improved anterior auricular appearance; however, satisfactory postreconstruction esthetics of the retroauricular fold remain challenging. The postauricular appearance of the reconstructed ear depends largely upon optimizing the covering material. When used as the covering soft tissue for ear elevation, a flap containing primarily the upper portion of the retroauricular fascia has potential advantages over the conventional book cover-type retroauricular fascia flap...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032158/dorsal-onlay-with-diced-homologous-processed-rib-cartilage-grafts
#7
Peter J F M Lohuis, Anil Joshi, Gregor M Bran, Frank R Datema, Lenka Vermeeren
BACKGROUND: Diced cartilage wrapped in fascia or modeled with tissue sealant has successfully been used as dorsal onlay grafts in rhinoplasty. The use of autologous material introduces the risk of donor site morbidity, and sometimes availability is limited. METHODS: We present a series of nine cases that were performed using diced irradiated homologous rib cartilage as an onlay graft. RESULTS: Good functional and cosmetic outcomes were achieved in all nine patients, and no significant resorption was seen after a mean follow-up of 20 months...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032150/ocular-pain-and-impending-blindness-during-facial-cosmetic-injections-is-your-office-prepared
#8
Giselle Prado, Jose Rodríguez-Feliz
: Soft tissue filler injections are the second most common non-surgical procedure performed by the plastic surgeon. Embolization of intravascular material after facial injection is a rare but terrifying outcome due to the high likelihood of long-term sequela such as blindness and cerebrovascular accident. The literature is replete with examples of permanent blindness caused by injection with autologous fat, soft tissue fillers such as hyaluronic acid, PLLA, calcium hydroxyl-apatite, and even corticosteroid suspensions...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026726/-intra-articular-application-of-tranexamic-acid-significantly-reduces-blood-loss-and-transfusion-requirement-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
J Lošťák, J Gallo, J Špička, K Langová
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the effect of topical application of tranexamic acid (TXA, Exacyl) on the amount of post-operative blood loss, and blood transfusion requirement in patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Attention was paid to early complications potentially associated with TXA administration, such as haematoma, wound exudate, or knee swelling. In addition, the economic benefit of TXA treatment was also taken into account. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 238 patients (85 men and 153 women) who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at our department between January 2013 and November 2015...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009394/eighty-years-of-cirm-a-journey-of-commitment-and-dedication-in-providing-maritime-medical-assistance
#10
Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: A review of activities of Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (International Radio Medical Centre, CIRM) from its foundation in 1935 until its 80th anniversary in 2015 was accomplished. CIRM was founded in 1935 to provide medical assistance via radio to ships with no doctor on board and other distant patients who cannot be reached by a doctor. In 1950 CIRM was established as a non-profit-making foundation and has benefited since 1957 from an annual contribution from the Italian government...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008460/treatment-of-tear-trough-deformity-fat-repositioning-versus-autologous-fat-grafting
#11
Chiao-Yun Chiu, Yi-Chen Shen, Qing-Fang Zhao, Fu-Liang Hong, Jing-Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: Fat-preserving lower blepharoplasty techniques and filling techniques using autologous or non-autologous materials are increasingly used to treat tear trough deformity. However, there has been no definitive comparison of the results of fat repositioning versus autologous fat grafting for this condition. The authors used statistical analysis to compare the results of the two methods. METHODS: From October 2013 to September 2015, a total of 101 patients, aged 20-43 years, underwent fat repositioning or autologous fat grafting in our department...
December 23, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008459/biologic-behavior-of-hydroxyapatite-used-in-facial-augmentation
#12
Richard J Huggins, Bryan C Mendelson
INTRODUCTION: The recent finding that shrinkage of key areas of the facial skeleton contributes to the aging appearance of the face has prompted a search for the most appropriate bone-like implant material. Evidence that hydroxyapatite, in granular form, maintains volume in the long term supports its use in the correction of aging, in addition to its use in the correction of inherently deficient areas of the facial skeleton. The biologic response of hydroxyapatite needs to be fully understood for its use to be confidently recommended...
December 23, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002138/the-effectiveness-of-health-education-on-maternal-anxiety-circumcision-knowledge-and-nursing-hours-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Shu-Fang Chang, Chich-Hsiu Hung, Yu-Yun Hsu, Yi Liu, Tsu-Nai Wang
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that providing health education before surgery may significantly increase health knowledge and decrease anxiety in both patients and their family members. However, few studies have compared the effects on pediatric outpatient surgery outcomes of different health education instruction modes. PURPOSE: This study compares the effects of two health education delivery modes on maternal knowledge and anxiety, the number of unexpected early hospital follow-up visits, and the time spent by nurses on health education...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995526/chitosan-based-matrices-prepared-by-gamma-irradiation-for-tissue-regeneration-structural-properties-vs-preparation-method
#14
REVIEW
Maria Helena Casimiro, Joana J H Lancastre, Alexandra P Rodrigues, Susana R Gomes, Gabriela Rodrigues, Luís M Ferreira
In the last decade, new generations of biopolymer-based materials have attracted attention, aiming its application as scaffolds for tissue engineering. These engineered three-dimensional scaffolds are designed to improve or replace damaged, missing, or otherwise compromised tissues or organs. Despite the number of promising methods that can be used to generate 3D cell-instructive matrices, the innovative nature of the present work relies on the application of ionizing radiation technology to form and modify surfaces and matrices with advantage over more conventional technologies (room temperature reaction, absence of harmful initiators or solvents, high penetration through the bulk materials, etc...
February 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994321/comparison-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-direct-pulp-capping-materials-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-angelus-and-biodentine
#15
Taha Özyürek, Ebru Özsezer Demiryürek
PURPOSE: To compare the antimicrobial activity of the tricalcium silicate-based Biodentine (BD) and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-Angelus cement with the aid of agar diffusion test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Enterococcus faecium were inoculated in the Brucella liquid medium and were incubated at 37°C for 24 h. Thereafter, 100 >μl of the liquid culture of bacteria inoculated in the Mueller-Hinton agar with spread plate technique...
November 2016: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986236/surgical-management-and-reconstruction-training-smart-course-for-international-orthopedic-surgeons
#16
Hao-Hua Wu, Kushal R Patel, Amber M Caldwell, R Richard Coughlin, Scott L Hansen, Joseph N Carey
BACKGROUND: The burden of complex orthopedic trauma in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is exacerbated by soft-tissue injuries, which can often lead to amputations. This study's purpose was to create and evaluate the Surgical Management and Reconstruction Training (SMART) course to help orthopedic surgeons from LMICs manage soft-tissue defects and reduce the rate of amputations. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, orthopedic surgeons from LMICs were recruited to attend a 2-day SMART course taught by plastic surgery faculty in San Francisco...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981008/booming-development-of-group-iv-vi-semiconductors-fresh-blood-of-2d-family
#17
Xing Zhou, Qi Zhang, Lin Gan, Huiqiao Li, Jie Xiong, Tianyou Zhai
As an important component of 2D layered materials (2DLMs), the 2D group IV metal chalcogenides (GIVMCs) have drawn much attention recently due to their earth-abundant, low-cost, and environmentally friendly characteristics, thus catering well to the sustainable electronics and optoelectronics applications. In this instructive review, the booming research advancements of 2D GIVMCs in the last few years have been presented. First, the unique crystal and electronic structures are introduced, suggesting novel physical properties...
December 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977262/award-for-distinguished-contributions-to-education-and-training-in-psychology
#18
(no author information available yet)
This award is given by the Board of Educational Affairs in recognition of the efforts of psychologists who have made distinguished contributions to education and training, who have produced imaginative innovations, or who have been involved in the developmental phases of programs in education and training in psychology. These contributions might include important research on education and training; the development of effective materials for instruction; the establishment of workshops, conferences, or networks of communication for education and training; achievement and leadership in administration that facilitates education and training; or activity in professional organizations that promote excellence...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973913/graphic-support-resources-for-workers-with-intellectual-disability-engaged-in-office-tasks-a-comparison-with-verbal-instructions-from-a-work-mate
#19
María-Teresa Becerra, Manuel Montanero, Manuel Lucero
BACKGROUND: Research into workplace adjustments for people with disabilities is a fundamental challenge of supported employment. The aim of the present work is to investigate the effect of several graphic resources as natural support for workers with intellectual disability. METHODS: Two case studies were conducted to assess the performance of five workers engaged in office tasks, with three different support conditions. RESULTS: Results reveal a 20% increase in quality of performance of the tasks undertaken with graphic support as compared to support in which the participants received verbal instructions (VIs) from a work mate; and between 25 and 30% as compared to a control condition which included no help of any kind...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973849/molecular-origin-of-electric-double-layer-capacitance-at-multilayer-graphene-edges
#20
Huachao Yang, Xiaoliang Zhang, Jinyuan Yang, Zheng Bo, Ming Hu, Jianhua Yan, Kefa Cen
Multilayer graphenes have been widely used as active materials for electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs), where their numerous edges are demonstrated to play a crucial role in charge storage. In this work, the interfacial structure and capacitive behaviors of multilayer graphene edges with representative interlayer spacing are studied via molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Compared with planar graphite surfaces, edges can achieve a 2-fold increase in the specific capacitance at a wider interlayer spacing of ∼5...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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