Read by QxMD icon Read

Instructional materials

Tenyu Hino, Chiaki Yokota, Kunihiro Nishimura, Michikazu Nakai, Suzuka Kato, Kazuyo Kuwabara, Hidehiro Takekawa, Takuro Arimizu, Shinya Tomari, Shinichi Wada, Hideyuki Ohnishi, Kazunori Toyoda, Tomonori Okamura, Kazuo Minematsu
BACKGROUND: Advancing school-based education is a promising means to spread knowledge pertaining to stroke. The aim of the current study was to clarify whether stroke lessons provided by schoolteachers could deliver stroke knowledge to children (aged 9-11 years) and their parents, at a similar level to when taught by medical staff. METHODS: Schoolteachers conducted lessons on stroke for school children using the educational materials we prepared (i.e., the teacher group; 1051 children and 719 parents)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
B K Rout, B K Sikdar
Background: With the growing numbers of iron ore pelletization industries in India, various impacts on environment and health in relation to the workplace will rise. Therefore, understanding the hazardous process is crucial in the development of effective control measures. Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, and Control measures (HIRAC) acts as an effective tool of Occupational Health Assessment. Objective: The aim of the study was to identify all the possible hazards at different workplaces of an iron ore pelletizing industry, to conduct an occupational health risk assessment, to calculate the risk rating based on the risk matrix, and to compare the risk rating before and after the control measures...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Erin Ingram, Douglas Golick
To improve students' understanding and appreciation of insects, entomology education efforts have supported insect incorporation in formal education settings. While several studies have explored student ideas about insects and the incorporation of insects in elementary and middle school classrooms, the topic of how and why insects are incorporated in secondary science classrooms remains relatively unexplored. Using survey research methods, this study addresses the gap in the literature by (1) describing in-service secondary science teachers' incorporation of insects in science classrooms; (2) identifying factors that support or deter insect incorporation and (3) identifying teachers' preferred resources to support future entomology education efforts...
March 14, 2018: Insects
Yuan Cao, Shi-Hua Lin, Ding Zhu, Feng Xu, Zhi-Hua Chen, Hua-Hao Shen, Wen Li
BACKGROUND WeChat is a convenient and popular social medium, and it seems to be an appropriate platform for education and management of patients. This study sought to identify usefulness in clinical control of cough-variant asthma (CVA). MATERIAL AND METHODS A randomized controlled trial was conducted among 80 CVA patients. After being assigned to either the traditional group (TG) or the WeChat group (WG), they received the same inhalation therapy, but patients in WG received additional education and instruction via our public account on the WeChat application...
March 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Edlira Lashi, Fatos Lashi, Klotilda Muca, Bora Ballta, Suzana Kazazi
AIM: Identification of glycemic level tendency rates in a hypertonic population that suffers from diabetes mellitus in Health Centre Nr. 1, Tirana, evaluation of self-monitoring and the effects of interactions, with the aim of reducing the levels of fast glycaemia in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study participated 810 patients of Health Centre Nr 1 in Tirana that suffer from hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. The study was conducted through 10 months' period...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Eva Schulz, Matthaeus Ernstbrunner, Thomas Hoffelner, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Maximilian Haas
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about injuries in canyoning. It was the purpose of this study to determine injury rates, patterns, causes and risk factors in canyoning; and to identify targets for future injury prevention strategies. METHODS: From May to October 2015, 109 participants from 17 different countries were prospectively followed via a monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During 13,690 h of canyoning, 57 injury-events occurred...
March 6, 2018: Injury
Martina Orosova, Marta Spakulova
The history and value of cytogenetic features for addressing questions of the evolution and systematics of tapeworms (Cestoda) are briefly reviewed along with instructions for collecting karyological data. As a supplement to worm morphology, chromosome number and morphology have been helpful in determining the systematic status of some genera in the Diphyllobothriidae and species in the Bothriocephallidea. In addition, many new techniques for chromosome analysis have been recently applied in morphological and molecular studies of invertebrates, including tapeworms...
February 23, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
Connie R Shi, Jasmine Rana, Susan Burgin
Challenge: The "flipped classroom" is a pedagogical model in which instructional materials are delivered to learners outside of class, reserving class time for application of new principles with peers and instructors. Active learning has forever been an elusive ideal in medical education, but the flipped class model is relatively new to medical education. What is the evidence for the "flipped classroom," and how can these techniques be applied to the teaching of dermatology to trainees at all stages of their medical careers?...
April 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
C Fedele, P A Netti, S Cavalli
The fabrication of biomaterials whose properties are activated or inhibited on demand via light is appealing for fundamental biological studies as well as for the development of new applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. One of the most widely used molecules in light-controlled systems is azobenzene for its ability to isomerise in response to light. In this minireview, the fundamental landmarks towards the application of azobenzene-containing materials as cell culture substrates will be highlighted, foreseeing their massive use as next-generation cell-instructive materials...
March 12, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Jason C Marvin, Silvia I Gallegos, Shaida Parsaei, Danieli C Rodrigues
PURPOSE: To evaluate the biocompatibility of five dental cement compositions after directly exposing human gingival fibroblast (HGF) and MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast cells to cement alone and cement applied on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nanostructurally integrated bioceramic (NIB), resin (R), resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGIC), zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE), and zinc phosphate (ZP) compositions were prepared according to the respective manufacturer's instructions...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Danelle Cayea, Kim Tartaglia, Amit Pahwa, Heather Harrell, Amy Shaheen, Valerie J Lang
PURPOSE: The clinical skills needed to practice high-value care (HVC) are core to all medical disciplines. Medical students form practice habits early and HVC instruction is essential to this formation. The purpose of this study was to describe the state of HVC instruction and assessment in internal medicine clerkships and identify needs for additional curricula. METHOD: In 2014, the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine conducted its annual survey of 121 U.S...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
François-André Allaert, Romain Schueller, Frederic Mabile, Laurette Vincent, Claudia Ferreira
BACKGROUND: ZENEO® (Crossject, Dijon France) is a novel pre-filled, disposable needle-free auto- injector (AI) device under development for drug deliverer in a variety of routine-use or emergency situations. At present, reported user experience and patient preferences are limited. To determine what impact different forms of user instructions may have on successful use of the ZENEO® device. METHODS: We conducted a human factors study on 134 healthy volunteers. On enrolment, subjects were provided with different instructive training material; a device quick guide plus either use of a dummy training device, an illustrated leaflet, or a demonstration video...
March 6, 2018: Panminerva Medica
Linda L Pierce, Kristina M Reuille
BACKGROUND: In flipped or blended classrooms, instruction intentionally shifts to a student-centered model for a problem-based learning approach, where class time explores topics in greater depth, creating meaningful learning opportunities. METHOD: This article describes instructor-created activities focused on research processes linked to evidence-based practice that engage undergraduate nursing research students. In the classroom, these activities include individual and team work to foster critical thinking and stimulate student discussion of topic material...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Cara Gallegos, Hannah Nakashima
BACKGROUND: Engaging nursing students in theoretical courses, such as research, can be challenging. Innovative instructional strategies are essential to engage nursing students in theoretical nursing courses. METHOD: This article describes an educational innovation using technology as a tool in an undergraduate nursing research class. All students in the course received iPads for the semester. Lecture material was presented in class using Nearpod, an interactive presentation embedded with slides, multimedia components, and learning activities...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Carrie Ann Hoover, Georgia Ann Dinndorf-Hogenson, Jennifer Lee Peterson, Bethany Renae Tollefson, Jodi Lisbeth Berndt, Nikki Laudenbach
BACKGROUND: Use of the flipped classroom model is recognized as a popular method of instruction. Effective preclass preparation methods can create more time for instructors to reinforce application, evaluation, and analysis of information using active learning strategies. METHOD: This quasi-experimental study used a convenience sample of 42 third-year baccalaureate nursing students. Students were randomized into two groups and received either a narrated video (vodcast) or guided readings for the preclass preparation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Myung Kyung Lee, Bu Kyung Park
Objectives: This study examined the effect of flipped learning in comparison to traditional learning in a surgical nursing practicum. Methods: The subjects of this study were 102 nursing students in their third year of university who were scheduled to complete a clinical nursing practicum in an operating room or surgical unit. Participants were randomly assigned to either a flipped learning group (n = 51) or a traditional learning group (n = 51) for the 1-week, 45-hour clinical nursing practicum...
January 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
Alexandra Hering, Matthias Kliegel, Patrizia S Bisiacchi, Giorgia Cona
Prospective memory is a cognitive process that comprises the encoding and maintenance of an intention until the appropriate moment of its retrieval. It is of highly relevance for an independent everyday life, especially in older adults; however, there is ample evidence that prospective memory declines with increasing age. Because most studies have used neutral stimuli, it is still an open question how emotional factors influence age-related differences in prospective remembering. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of emotional material on prospective memory encoding, monitoring, maintaining, and retrieval in younger and older adults using behavioral and electrophysiological measures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Angel L Ball, Michael de Riesthal, Richard D Steele
Purpose: Current computer technologies permit independent practice for people with cognitive-communicative disorders. Previous research has investigated compliance rates and outcome changes but not treatment fidelity per se during practice. Our aim was to examine adherence to procedures (treatment fidelity) and accuracy while persons with aphasia independently practiced word production using interactive, multimodal, user-controlled, word-level icons on computers. Method: Four persons with aphasia independently practiced single-word production after stimulation via user-initiated interactions in 3 conditions: (I) auditory stimulus with static representational drawing; (II) auditory stimulus with synchronized articulation video; and (III) users' choice between the 2 prior conditions...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Claudia Windhövel, Lisa Harder, Jan-Peter Bach, Michael Teske, Niels Grabow, Thomas Eickner, Ulf Hinze, Boris Chichkov, Ingo Nolte
Silicones are widely used in medical applications. In ophthalmology, glaucoma drainage devices are utilized if conservative therapies are not applicable or have failed. Long-term success of these devices is limited by failure to control intraocular pressure due to fibrous encapsulation. Therefore, different medical approved silicones were tested in vitro for cell adhesion, cell proliferation and viability of human Sclera (hSF) and human Tenon fibroblasts (hTF). The silicones were analysed also depending on the sample preparation according to the manufacturer's instructions...
February 27, 2018: Materials
Syeda Sadia Fatima, Fazal Manzoor Arain, Syed Ather Enam
Objective: In this study we implemented the "flipped classroom" model to enhance active learning in medical students taking neurosciences module at Aga Khan University, Karachi. Methods: Ninety eight undergraduate medical students participated in this study. The study was conducted from January till March 2017. Study material was provided to students in form of video lecture and reading material for the non-face to face sitting, while face to face time was spent on activities such as case solving, group discussions, and quizzes to consolidate learning under the supervision of faculty...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"