keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Instructional materials

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646851/development-of-an-education-campaign-to-reduce-delays-in-pre-hospital-response-to-stroke
#1
Caterina Caminiti, Peter Schulz, Barbara Marcomini, Elisa Iezzi, Silvia Riva, Umberto Scoditti, Andrea Zini, Giovanni Malferrari, Maria Luisa Zedde, Donata Guidetti, Enrico Montanari, Mario Baratti, Licia Denti
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews call for well-designed trials with clearly described intervention components to support the effectiveness of educational campaigns to reduce patient delay in stroke presentation. We herein describe the systematic development process of a campaign aimed to increase stroke awareness and preparedness. METHODS: Campaign development followed Intervention Mapping (IM), a theory- and evidence-based tool, and was articulated in two phases: needs assessment and intervention development...
June 24, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642929/influence-of-dentin-pretreatment-on-bond-strength-of-universal-adhesives
#2
Claudio Poggio, Riccardo Beltrami, Marco Colombo, Marco Chiesa, Andrea Scribante
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare bond strength of different universal adhesives under three different testing conditions: when no pretreatment was applied, after 37% phosphoric acid etching and after glycine application. Materials and methods: One hundred and fifty bovine permanent mandibular incisors were used as a substitute for human teeth. Five different universal adhesives were tested: Futurabond M+, Scotchbond Universal, Clearfil Universal Bond, G-Premio BOND, Peak Universal Bond...
January 2017: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642915/pre-treating-dentin-with-chlorhexadine-and-cpp-acp-self-etching-and-universal-adhesive-systems
#3
Ricardo Alves Dos Santos, Eliane Alves de Lima, Marcos Antônio Japiassu Resende Montes, Rodivan Braz
Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of pre-treating dentin with chlorhexidine, at concentrations of 0.2% and 2%, and remineralizing paste containing CPP-ACP (MI Paste - GC) on the bond strength of adhesive systems. Material and methods: In total, 80 slides of dentin were used. These slides were 2 mm thick and were obtained from bovine incisors. Standard cavities were created using diamond bur number 3131. In the control groups, a Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SUA) self-etching adhesive system of 3M ESPE and a Clearfil SE Bond (CSE) adhesive system of Kuraray were applied, following the manufacturer's instructions...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634873/evaluating-two-evidence-based-intervention-strategies-to-promote-crc-screening-among-latino-adults-in-a-primary-care-setting
#4
Sheila F Castañeda, Balambal Bharti, Rebeca Aurora Espinoza-Giacinto, Valerie Sanchez, Shawne O'Connell, Fatima Muñoz, Sylvia Mercado, Marie Elena Meza, Wendy Rojas, Gregory A Talavera, Samir Gupta
Regular use of colorectal cancer screening can reduce incidence and mortality, but participation rates remain low among low-income, Spanish-speaking Latino adults. We conducted two distinct pilot studies testing the implementation of evidence-based interventions to promote fecal immunochemical test (FIT) screening among Latinos aged 50-75 years who were not up-to-date with CRC screening (n = 200) at a large Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) in San Diego, CA. One pilot focused on an opportunistic clinic visit "in-reach" intervention including a 30-min session with a patient navigator, review of an educational "flip-chart," and a take-home FIT kit with instructions...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624522/decision-related-factors-in-pupil-old-new-effects-attention-response-execution-and-false-memory
#5
Andreas Brocher, Tim Graf
In this study, we investigate the effects of decision-related factors on recognition memory in pupil old/new paradigms. In Experiment 1, we used an old/new paradigm with words and pseudowords and participants made lexical decisions during recognition rather than old/new decisions. Importantly, participants were instructed to focus on the nonword-likeness of presented items, not their word-likeness. We obtained no old/new effects. In Experiment 2, participants discriminated old from new words and old from new pseudowords during recognition, and they did so as quickly as possible...
June 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623632/thermal-conductivity-of-different-colored-compomers
#6
Cigdem Guler, Ali Keles, Mehmet S Guler, Sendogan Karagoz, Ömer N Cora, Gul Keskin
BACKGROUND: Compomers are mostly used in primary dentition. The thermal conductivity properties of traditional or colored compomers have not been investigated in detail so far. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess and compare the thermal conductivities of traditional and colored compomers. METHOD: Two sets of compomers - namely, Twinky Star (available in berry, lemon, green, silver, blue, pink, gold and orange shades) and Dyract Extra (available in B1, A3 and A2 shades) - were included in this study...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622352/volunteer-trials-of-a-novel-improvised-dry-decontamination-protocol-for-use-during-mass-casualty-incidents-as-part-of-the-uk-s-initial-operational-response-ior
#7
Richard Amlôt, Holly Carter, Lorna Riddle, Joanne Larner, Robert P Chilcott
Previous studies have demonstrated that rapid evacuation, disrobing and emergency decontamination can enhance the ability of emergency services and acute hospitals to effectively manage chemically-contaminated casualties. The purpose of this human volunteer study was to further optimise such an "Initial Operational Response" by (1) identifying an appropriate method for performing improvised skin decontamination and (2) providing guidance for use by first responders and casualties. The study was performed using two readily available, absorbent materials (paper towels and incontinence pads)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620638/evaluation-of-the-color-stability-of-methyl-methacrylate-and-nylon-base-polymer
#8
Fahimeh Hamedi Rad, Tahereh Ghaffari, Raana Tamgaji
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Evaluation of the color stability of materials used for the fabrication of the base of complete and partial removable dentures provides important information in relation to their clinical service. The color stability of nylon-based polymers as denture bases, compared to that of acrylic resins, has not been extensively evaluated since to date. PURPOSE: The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the color stability of conventional polymethyl methacrylate and nylon-based polymer materials used for the fabrication of the base of complete and partial removable dentures...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618587/general-scaling-relations-for-locomotion-in-granular-media
#9
James Slonaker, D Carrington Motley, Qiong Zhang, Stephen Townsend, Carmine Senatore, Karl Iagnemma, Ken Kamrin
Inspired by dynamic similarity in fluid systems, we have derived a general dimensionless form for locomotion in granular materials, which is validated in experiments and discrete element method (DEM) simulations. The form instructs how to scale size, mass, and driving parameters in order to relate dynamic behaviors of different locomotors in the same granular media. The scaling can be derived by assuming intrusion forces arise from resistive force theory or equivalently by assuming the granular material behaves as a continuum obeying a frictional yield criterion...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#10
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614301/microglia-dependent-synapse-loss-in-type-i-interferon-mediated-lupus
#11
Allison R Bialas, Jessy Presumey, Abhishek Das, Cees E van der Poel, Peter H Lapchak, Luka Mesin, Gabriel Victora, George C Tsokos, Christian Mawrin, Ronald Herbst, Michael C Carroll
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an incurable autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibody deposition in tissues such as kidney, skin and lungs. Notably, up to 75% of patients with SLE experience neuropsychiatric symptoms that range from anxiety, depression and cognitive impairment to seizures and, in rare cases, psychosis-collectively this is referred to as central nervous system (CNS) lupus. In some cases, certain autoantibodies, such as anti-NMDAR or anti-phospholipid antibodies, promote CNS lupus...
June 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612403/a-meta-analysis-of-anatomy-laboratory-pedagogies
#12
Adam B Wilson, Corinne H Miller, Barbie A Klein, Melissa A Taylor, Michael Goodwin, Eve K Boyle, Kirsten Brown, Chantal Hoppe, Michelle Lazarus
INTRODUCTION The debate regarding anatomy laboratory teaching approaches is ongoing and controversial. To date, the literature has yielded only speculative conclusions due to general methodological weaknesses and a lack of summative empirical evidence. Through a meta-analysis, this study compared the effectiveness of instructional laboratory approaches used in anatomy education to objectively and more conclusively synthesize the existing literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS Studies published between January 1965 and December 2015 were searched through five databases...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611615/online-eeg-based-workload-adaptation-of-an-arithmetic-learning-environment
#13
Carina Walter, Wolfgang Rosenstiel, Martin Bogdan, Peter Gerjets, Martin Spüler
In this paper, we demonstrate a closed-loop EEG-based learning environment, that adapts instructional learning material online, to improve learning success in students during arithmetic learning. The amount of cognitive workload during learning is crucial for successful learning and should be held in the optimal range for each learner. Based on EEG data from 10 subjects, we created a prediction model that estimates the learner's workload to obtain an unobtrusive workload measure. Furthermore, we developed an interactive learning environment that uses the prediction model to estimate the learner's workload online based on the EEG data and adapt the difficulty of the learning material to keep the learner's workload in an optimal range...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604013/improving-self-regulated-learning-with-a-retrieval-practice-intervention
#14
Robert Ariel, Jeffrey D Karpicke
Repeated retrieval practice is a powerful learning tool for promoting long-term retention, but students use this tool ineffectively when regulating their learning. The current experiments evaluated the efficacy of a minimal intervention aimed at improving students' self-regulated use of repeated retrieval practice. Across 2 experiments, students made decisions about when to study, engage in retrieval practice, or stop learning a set of foreign language word pairs. Some students received direct instruction about how to use repeated retrieval practice...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596987/biodegradable-polyphosphazene-based-blends-for-regenerative-engineering
#15
Kenneth S Ogueri, Jorge L Escobar Ivirico, Lakshmi S Nair, Harry R Allcock, Cato T Laurencin
The occurrence of musculoskeletal tissue injury or disease and the subsequent functional impairment is at an alarming rate. It continues to be one of the most challenging problems in the human health care. Regenerative engineering offers a promising transdisciplinary strategy for tissues regeneration based on the convergence of tissue engineering, advanced materials science, stem cell science, developmental biology and clinical translation. Biomaterials are emerging as extracellular-mimicking matrices designed to provide instructive cues to control cell behavior and ultimately, be applied as therapies to regenerate damaged tissues...
March 2017: Regenerative Engineering and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586616/why-should-the-faculty-adopt-reciprocal-teaching-as-part-of-the-medical-curriculum
#16
Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Sadia Fatima, Mehnaz Akhtar, Muhammad Owais
Understanding the text is crucial to achieve depth in understanding of complex concepts for students at all levels of education for whom English is not their first language. Reciprocal teaching is an instructional activity that stimulate learning through a dialogue between teachers and students regarding segments of text. The process of summarizing, question-generating, clarifying and predicting allows the gaps to be recognised and filled by the student, who is in control of the learning process and able to analyse and reflect upon the reading material...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585295/bioinspired-collagen-scaffolds-in-cranial-bone-regeneration-from-bedside-to-bench
#17
REVIEW
Justine C Lee, Elizabeth J Volpicelli
Calvarial defects are common reconstructive dilemmas secondary to a variety of etiologies including traumatic brain injury, cerebrovascular disease, oncologic resection, and congenital anomalies. Reconstruction of the calvarium is generally undertaken for the purposes of cerebral protection, contour restoration for psychosocial well-being, and normalization of neurological dysfunction frequently found in patients with massive cranial defects. Current methods for reconstruction using autologous grafts, allogeneic grafts, or alloplastic materials have significant drawbacks that are unique to each material...
June 6, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584867/utilization-and-acceptance-of-virtual-patients-in-veterinary-basic-sciences-the-vetvip-project
#18
Christin Kleinsorgen, Marta Kankofer, Zbigniew Gradzki, Mira Mandoki, Tibor Bartha, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Hassan Y Naim, Martin Beyerbach, Andrea Tipold, Jan P Ehlers
Context: In medical and veterinary medical education the use of problem-based and cased-based learning has steadily increased over time. At veterinary faculties, this development has mainly been evident in the clinical phase of the veterinary education. Therefore, a consortium of teachers of biochemistry and physiology together with technical and didactical experts launched the EU-funded project "vetVIP", to create and implement veterinary virtual patients and problems for basic science instruction. In this study the implementation and utilization of virtual patients occurred at the veterinary faculties in Budapest, Hannover and Lublin...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581919/thirty-six-month-clinical-comparison-of-bulk-fill-and-nanofill-composite-restorations
#19
A R Yazici, S A Antonson, Z B Kutuk, E Ergin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of a nanofill and a bulk fill resin composite in class II restorations. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In accordance with a split-mouth design, 50 patients received at least one pair of restorations, restored with a nanofill resin composite (Filtek Ultimate [FU]) and with a bulk fill resin composite (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill [TB]). Each restorative resin was used with its respective adhesive system according to the manufacturers' instructions...
June 5, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580462/does-tack-curing-luting-cements-affect-the-final-cure
#20
Daniel Stegall, Daranee Tantbirojn, Jorge Perdigão, Antheunis Versluis
PURPOSE: Short initial light curing or "tack curing" is used to create a semi-gel state in luting cements for easier excess material cleanup. The effect of tack curing on the final cure of luting cements was measured in terms of hardness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cement types were tested: two dual-curing composite cements (RelyX Unicem 2; Maxcem Elite); three light-curing veneer cements (Choice 2; Variolink Esthetic LC; RelyX Veneer); and two self-curing resin-modified glass-ionomer (RMGI) luting cements (RelyX Luting Plus; Nexus RMGI)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
keyword
keyword
15344
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"