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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437690/a-guide-to-nursing-students-written-reflections-for-students-and-educators
#1
Jessica Naber, Liz Markley
Experiences from the clinical setting are ideal for building critical thinking skills if reflection is used as a teaching tool. Reflective writing is the purposeful and recurring inspection of thoughts, feelings, and occurrences that coordinate with experiences during practice. Reflecting on clinical experiences develops critical thinking ability, fosters self-understanding, facilitates coping, and leads to improvement in clinical practice (Kennison, 2006). Reflective writing allows students to combine clinical experiences and takeaways with didactic material to better understand both practice and instruction...
April 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403361/effect-of-different-composite-core-materials-on-fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth-restored-with-frc-posts
#2
Prapaporn Panitiwat, Prarom Salimee
Objective: This study evaluated the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber reinforced composite posts, using three resin composite core build-up materials, (Clearfil Photo Core (CPC), MultiCore Flow (MCF), and LuxaCore Z-Dual (LCZ)), and a nanohybrid composite, (Tetric N-Ceram (TNC)). Material and Methods: Forty endodontically treated lower first premolars were restored with quartz fiber posts (D.T. Light-Post) cemented with resin cement (Panavia F2...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393646/-start-development-of-an-intervention-for-a-first-stabilization-and-arousal-modulation-for-highly-stressed-minor-refugees
#3
Andrea Dixius, Eva Möhler
START - Development of an Intervention for a First Stabilization and Arousal-modulation for Highly Stressed Minor Refugees This article focuses on the development of an intervention called "Stress-Traumasymptoms- Arousal-Regulation-Treatment" (START), through the process of working with refugeed minors in acute stress during the clearing process immediately on arrival in Germany. START is a short manualized structured intervention for crisis intervention and stabiliziation of children and adolescents suffering from intense stress and acute tension or desperation...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393428/interactive-web-based-format-vs-conventional-brochure-material-for-information-transfer-to-children-and-parents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-regarding-preoperative-information
#4
Gunilla Lööf, Cecilia Liljeberg, Staffan Eksborg, Per-Arne Lönnqvist
BACKGROUND: Information transfer to patients is an integral part of modern medicine. Internet-based alternatives represent a new and attractive way for information transfer. METHODS: The study used a prospective observer-blinded design. Children (3-12 years) and parents were instructed to get further preoperative information either through an interactive web-based platform, the Anaesthesia-Web, or conventional brochure material until day of outpatient surgery. On the day of surgery, children and parents were separately asked six different questions...
April 10, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392910/drug-shortages-in-israel-regulatory-perspectives-challenges-and-solutions
#5
Eyal Schwartzberg, Denize Ainbinder, Alla Vishkauzan, Ronni Gamzu
BACKGROUND: Pharmaceutical drug shortages (DSs) are a global problem which presents challenges to countries around the world. Shortages of pharmaceutical products may have a direct detrimental impact on public health and patients' wellbeing by causing delayed, or even lack of, treatment. Moreover, DSs may force both patients and caregivers to use unfamiliar drugs, which could lead to medication errors. The objective of our study was to analyze DSs in Israel during the years 2013-2015, assessing their etiology and exploring the steps taken for their mitigation and prevention...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391662/a-randomized-non-inferiority-clinical-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-two-dentifrices-for-dentin-hypersensitivity
#6
Sarah Young, Farzana Sufi, Muhammad Siddiqi, Robert Maclure, Jonathan Holt
OBJECTIVES: Calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSPS) is a particulate bioactive material incorporated into oral healthcare products for the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH). This study aimed to determine whether a dentifrice containing 5% CSPS and fluoride as sodium fluoride (NaF; "Test dentifrice") was non-inferior to a dentifrice containing 5% CSPS and fluoride as sodium monofluorophosphate (SMFP; "Comparator dentifrice") in reducing DH after eight weeks' twice-daily brushing...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386274/do-face-to-face-training-and-telephonic-reminder-improve-dry-powder-inhaler-technique-in-patients-with-copd
#7
Ramesh Sharma Poudel, Shakti Shrestha, Pawan Bhatta, Rano Mal Piryani
Introduction. Current modes of instruction on inhaler technique are inadequate. We aimed to evaluate the value of face-to-face training and telephonic reminder (FFTTR) for improving Rotahaler technique in experienced patients with COPD. Materials and Methods. A single group pre-/postinterventional study was conducted at Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Nepal. We assessed the Rotahaler technique of thirty consecutive patients using Rotahaler device for more than one year. Patients with incorrect technique (n = 20) were instructed and trained by a pharmacist...
2017: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385103/effect-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-masticatory-performance-and-muscle-activity-in-skeletal-class-iii-patients
#8
Deniz Celakil, Fulya Ozdemir, Feyza Eraydin, Tamer Celakil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of double jaw orthognathic surgery (OGS) on masticatory performance and electromyographic activity of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles in skeletal Class III patients. METHODS: Individuals were instructed to chew standardized round tablets of silicone impression material. The cumulative weight percentage was calculated using sieve analysis. The bilateral surface electromyographic activity of the muscles was evaluated. Following the orthodontic treatment, a stabilization splint was fabricated...
April 7, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384974/a-comparative-study-of-the-quality-of-apical-seal-in-resilon-epiphany-se-following-intra-canal-irrigation-with-17-edta-10-citric-acid-and-mtad-as-final-irrigants-a-dye-leakage-study-under-vacuum
#9
Saravana Karthikeyan Balasubramanian, Vidya Saraswathi, Nidambur Vasudev Ballal, Shashi Rashmi Acharya, J Sivakumar Sampath, Sandeep Singh
INTRODUCTION: Adequate apical sealing ability of the root canal filling material is an essential requisite for a successful endodontic therapy. Various endodontic irrigants are used for the removal of smear layer before obturating with a solid core material, thereby, reducing microleakage and improving apical seal. Resilon, a synthetic material was developed as an alternative to replace the conventional gutta-percha (standard root canal filling material) and traditional sealers for the obturation of endodontically treated teeth...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382673/association-of-school-characteristics-and-implementation-in-the-x-it-study-a-school-randomized-smoking-prevention-program
#10
Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Annette K Ersbøll, Mogens T Damsgaard, Anette Andersen
BACKGROUND: Assessment of implementation is essential for the evaluation of school-based preventive activities. Interventions are more easily implemented in schools if detailed instructional manuals, lesson plans, and materials are provided; however, implementation may also be affected by other factors than the intervention itself-for example, school-level characteristics, such as principal support and organizational capacity. We examined school-level characteristics of schools in groups of high, medium, and low implementation of a smoking prevention intervention...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379823/diagnosing-hypertension-in-primary-care-clinics-according-to-current-guidelines
#11
Sarah Woolsey, Brittany Brown, Brenda Ralls, Michael Friedrichs, Barry Stults
PURPOSE: This descriptive study examines hypertension diagnostic practices in Utah primary care clinics relative to the 2015 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for the accurate diagnosis of hypertension. We assessed clinic procedures in place to facilitate accurate in-office and out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to 321 primary care clinics. We compared current clinic BP measurement practices with the USPTF recommendations and assessed the level of adherence to the recommendations by level of clinic integration with a hospital...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378076/training-value-of-laparoscopic-colorectal-videos-on-the-world-wide-web-a-pilot-study-on-the-educational-quality-of-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy-videos
#12
V Celentano, M Browning, C Hitchins, M C Giglio, M G Coleman
INTRODUCTION: Instructive laparoscopy videos with appropriate exposition could be ideal for initial training in laparoscopic surgery, but unfortunately there are no guidelines for annotating these videos or agreed methods to measure the educational content and the safety of the procedure presented. Aim of this study is to systematically search the World Wide Web to determine the availability of laparoscopic colorectal surgery videos and to objectively establish their potential training value...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377684/data-day-to-day-building-a-community-of-expertise-to-address-data-skills-gaps-in-an-academic-medical-center
#13
Alisa Surkis, Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla, Nicole Contaxis, Kevin B Read
BACKGROUND: The New York University Health Sciences Library data services team had developed educational material for research data management and data visualization and had been offering classes at the request of departments, research groups, and training programs, but many members of the medical center were unaware of these library data services. There were also indications of data skills gaps in these subject areas and other data-related topics. CASE PRESENTATION: The data services team enlisted instructors from across the medical center with data expertise to teach in a series of classes hosted by the library...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377656/a-comparative-evaluation-of-sorption-solubility-and-compressive-strength-of-three-different-glass-ionomer-cements-in-artificial-saliva-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Hind P Bhatia, Shivani Singh, Shveta Sood, Naresh Sharma
AIM: To evaluate and compare the sorption, solubility, and compressive strength of three different glass ionomer cements in artificial saliva - type IX glass ionomer cement, silver-reinforced glass ionomer cement, and zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement, so as to determine the material of choice for stress-bearing areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 cylindrical specimens (4 mm diameter and 6 mm height) were prepared for each material following the manufacturer's instructions...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377433/redesigning-a-course-to-help-students-achieve-higher-order-cognitive-thinking-skills-from-goals-and-mechanics-to-student-outcomes
#15
Janet Casagrand, Katharine Semsar
Here we describe a 4-yr course reform and its outcomes. The upper-division neurophysiology course gradually transformed from a traditional lecture in 2004 to a more student-centered course in 2008, through the addition of evidence-based active learning practices, such as deliberate problem-solving practice on homework and peer learning structures, both inside and outside of class. Due to the incremental nature of the reforms and absence of pre-reform learning assessments, we needed a way to retrospectively assess the effectiveness of our efforts...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370388/quality-of-widely-available-video-instructional-materials-for-point-of-care-ultrasound-guided-procedure-training-in-internal-medicine
#16
Aditi Khandelwal, Luke A Devine, Mirek Otremba
OBJECTIVES: Many instructional materials for point-of-care ultrasound (US)-guided procedures exist; however, their quality is unknown. This study assessed widely available educational videos for point-of-care US-guided procedures relevant to internal medicine: central venous catheterization, thoracentesis, and paracentesis. METHODS: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, YouTube, and Google to identify videos for point-of-care US-guided paracentesis, thoracentesis, and central venous catheterization...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367461/analyzing-the-curriculum-of-the-faculty-of-medicine-university-of-gezira-using-harden-s-10-questions-framework
#17
Yasar Albushra Ahmed, Salma Alneel
INTRODUCTION: Despite the importance of curriculum analysis for internal refinement of a programme, the approach for such a step in under-described in the literature. This article describes the analysis of the medical curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira (FMUG). This analysis is crucial in the era of innovative medical education since introducing new curricula and curricular changes has become a common occurrence in medical education worldwide. METHODS: The curriculum analysis was qualitatively approached using descriptive analysis and adopting Harden's 10 Questions of curriculum development framework approach...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365608/challenges-of-dental-assisting-students-in-their-pursuit-of-academic-success
#18
Nancy Leong, Lory Laughter, Dorothy J Rowe
The aim of this study was to identify the challenges encountered by dental assisting students, especially those from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups (UREG), that affected their achieving academic success. In 2016, directors of the nine northern California dental assisting programs were contacted via email to explain the study and request an opportunity to administer the 26-item survey to their currently enrolled students. Student responses were entered into a survey research program, which tabulated the data and calculated the frequency of responses to each item...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364418/the-benefit-of-directed-forgetting-persists-after-a-daytime-nap-the-role-of-spindles-and-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-in-the-consolidation-of-relevant-memories
#19
Borbála Blaskovich, Ágnes Szollosi, Ferenc Gombos, Mihály Racsmány, Péter Simor
Study Objectives: We aimed to investigate the effect of directed forgetting instruction on memory retention after a 2-hour delay involving a daytime nap or an equivalent amount of time spent awake. We examined the associations between sleep-specific oscillations and the retention of relevant and irrelevant study materials. Methods: We applied a list-method directed forgetting paradigm manipulating the perceived relevance of previously encoded lists of words. Participants were randomly assigned to either a nap or an awake group, and to a remember or a forget subgroup...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360120/voluntary-up-regulation-of-reflex-cough-is-possible-in-healthy-older-adults-and-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Alexandra E Brandimore, Karen Wheeler Hegland, Michael S Okun, Paul W Davenport, Michelle S Troche
BACKGROUND: Cough is an airway protective mechanism that serves to detect and forcefully eject aspirate material. Existing research has identified the ability of healthy young adults to suppress, or modify cough motor output based on external cueing. However, no study has evaluated the ability of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy older adults (HOAs) to up-regulate cough motor output. The goal of this study was to evaluate the ability of people with PD and healthy age-matched controls (HOAs) to volitionally up-regulate reflex and voluntary cough function with verbal instruction and visual biofeedback of airflow targets...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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