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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465453/creation-and-implementation-of-a-taxonomy-for-educational-activities-a-common-vocabulary-to-guide-curriculum-mapping
#1
Hugh A Stoddard, Erica D Brownfield
PROBLEM: Undergraduate medical education (UME) has trended toward outcomes-based education, unveiling new issues for UME program organization and leadership. Using a common language for categorizing and linking all program components is essential. The Emory Curriculum Alignment Taxonomy (ECAT) was designed as a common vocabulary for curriculum mapping in the outcomes-based environment of the Emory University School of Medicine. APPROACH: The ECAT, developed in 2016, uses a set of 291 controlled identifiers, or "tags," to describe every educational activity's content, instruction, assessment, and outcomes, and thereby to align teaching inputs with student outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453123/an-experiential-model-of-education-introduced-to-improve-the-confidence-of-student-midwives-in-undertaking-second-stage-management-of-the-perineum-ssmp
#2
Teresa Arias, Kirstie Coxon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: the limited availability of high quality evidence related to second stage management of the perineum (SSMP) combined with a perceived shift in UK practice towards a 'hands off' the perineum/fetal head approach are likely to have impacted significantly on student midwives' understanding of SSMP. This paper presents a classroom based educational session using low fidelity simulation, which was designed in response to student feedback and aimed to improve confidence in this skill...
February 13, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398571/turning-the-waiting-room-into-a-classroom-weekly-classes-using-a-vegan-or-a-portion-controlled-eating-plan-improve-diabetes-control-in-a-randomized-translational-study
#3
Neal D Barnard, Susan M Levin, Lise Gloede, Rosendo Flores
BACKGROUND: In research settings, plant-based (vegan) eating plans improve diabetes management, typically reducing weight, glycemia, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations to a greater extent than has been shown with portion-controlled eating plans. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to test whether similar benefits could be found using weekly nutrition classes in a typical endocrinology practice, hypothesizing that a vegan eating plan would improve glycemic control, weight, lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and renal function and would do so more effectively than a portion-controlled eating plan...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380777/are-children-with-low-vision-adapted-to-the-visual-environment-in-classrooms-of-mainstream-schools
#4
Kalpa Negiloni, Krishna Kumar Ramani, R Jeevitha, Jayashree Kalva, Rachapalle Reddi Sudhir
PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate the classroom environment of children with low vision and provide recommendations to reduce visual stress, with focus on mainstream schooling. METHODS: The medical records of 110 children (5-17 years) seen in low vision clinic during 1 year period (2015) at a tertiary care center in south India were extracted. The visual function levels of children were compared to the details of their classroom environment. The study evaluated and recommended the chalkboard visual task size and viewing distance required for children with mild, moderate, and severe visual impairment (VI)...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377725/preadolescents-daily-peer-victimization-and-perceived-social-competence-moderating-effects-of-classroom-aggression
#5
Michael T Morrow, Julie A Hubbard, Marissa K Sharp
Few studies have assessed children's daily peer experiences, and even fewer have considered their daily self-perceptions. This daily diary study examined relations between preadolescents' daily reports of peer victimization and perceived social competence, along with moderating effects of classroom aggression. A racially diverse sample of 182 children in 5th grade (105 boys; M age = 10.64 years; 35% White, 31% Black, 17% Hispanic, 17% other or not reported) completed daily measures of peer victimization and perceived social competence, with most children completing measures on 8 school days...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369260/strengthening-public-health-management-capacity-in-vietnam-preparing-local-public-health-workers-for-new-roles-in-a-decentralized-health-system
#6
Mai Hoa Do, Thi Thu Ha Bui, Tuong Phan, Hoang Long Nguyen, Thuy Anh Duong, Bao Chau Le, Thi Thuy Linh Pham, Minh Hoang Nguyen, Phuong Thuy Nguyen, Michael Malison
Health sector decentralization has created an urgent need to strengthen public health management capacity in many countries throughout the developing world. This article describes the establishment of a national management training network in Vietnam that used Project-Based Learning to strengthen management competencies of HIV program workers and linked training to measurable improvement in HIV/AIDS public health program outcomes. Skills were taught using a combination of classroom learning and mentored fieldwork...
March 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362945/increasing-stroke-knowledge-and-decreasing-stroke-risk-in-a-latino-immigrant-population
#7
Mina Silberberg, Larry B Goldstein, Sarah Weaver, Colleen Blue
Stroke knowledge is poor and stroke risk is growing for the U.S. Latino immigrant population. We present results of an evaluation of a tailored, community-based intervention in Durham, North Carolina. The intervention included integration of stroke knowledge into classes and workshops at a community-based organization. Knowledge surveys were administered to participants immediately before and after stroke education, and at multiple points over the following year. For both low-risk participants receiving classroom-based education and individually care managed participants with risk factors, stroke knowledge improved dramatically and remained high among those who could be reached for follow-up...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331100/prevalence-associated-factors-and-control-level-of-asthma-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-northern-jordan
#8
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Mahmoud A Alomari
Objective To investigate the prevalence, associated factors, and control level of asthma in Jordanian high school students. Methods A descriptive, comparative, cross sectional design was used and a cluster sample of 2691 students (mean age = 14.5 years, 51.0% girls), drawn from eight randomly selected public high schools in Northern Jordan, participated in the study. Each student had the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire completed in the classroom between February and May, 2015...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298929/managing-the-higher-education-classroom
#9
Kevin R Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261432/entering-the-field-of-physical-education-the-journey-of-fifteen-first-year-teachers
#10
Julene Ensign, Amelia Mays Woods, Pamela Hodges Kulinna
PURPOSE: Given the significant challenges facing today's physical educators, the purpose of this study was to examine the expectations of induction teachers and identify the factors in both their personal and organizational environments enhanced or constrained their assimilation into the field during their 1st year. METHOD: Using occupational socialization theory as a guide, data from demographic surveys and a series of formal interviews with participants at the beginning, middle, and end of the school year were inductively analyzed for theme development...
December 20, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238826/a-re-engineered-software-interface-and-workflow-for-the-open-source-simvascular-cardiovascular-modeling-package
#11
Hongzhi Lan, Adam Updegrove, Nathan Wilson, Gabriel D Maher, Shawn C Shadden, Alison Marsden
Patient-specific simulation plays an important role in cardiovascular disease research, diagnosis, surgical planning and medical device design, as well as education in cardiovascular biomechanics. SimVascular is an open-source software package encompassing an entire cardiovascular modeling and simulation pipeline from image segmentation, 3D solid modeling, and mesh generation, to patient-specific simulation and analysis. SimVascular is widely used for cardiovascular basic science and clinical research as well as education, following increased adoption by users and development of a GATEWAY web portal to facilitate educational access...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233436/efficacy-of-formative-evaluation-using-a-focus-group-for-a-large-classroom-setting-in-an-accelerated-pharmacy-program
#12
Shaun Nolette, Alyssa Nguyen, David Kogan, Catherine Oswald, Alana Whittaker, Arup Chakraborty
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formative evaluation is a process utilized to improve communication between students and faculty. This evaluation method allows the ability to address pertinent issues in a timely manner; however, implementation of formative evaluation can be a challenge, especially in a large classroom setting. Using mediated formative evaluation, the purpose of this study is to determine if a student based focus group is a viable option to improve efficacy of communication between an instructor and students as well as time management in a large classroom setting...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214863/impact-of-a-weight-management-intervention-on-eating-competence-importance-of-measurement-interval-in-protocol-design
#13
Barbara Lohse, Jodi Stotts Krall, Tricia Psota, Penny Kris-Etherton
PURPOSE: To examine changes in eating competence (EC) in 12-month weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-arm with weight loss phase (baseline to month 4) and weight-maintenance phase (months 4-12). SETTING: Face-to-face in University classrooms, supervised and self-directed fitness sessions at University fitness center, and home. PARTICIPANTS: Premenopausal, mostly college-educated Pennsylvania women, body mass index >25 (n = 101)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190404/sex-ed-by-brown-med-a-student-run-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-sexual-health-knowledge
#14
Erica Duh, Sheyla P Medina, Nathan Coppersmith, Naomi Adjei, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risky sexual behavior among adolescents is a public health crisis. We describe a novel approach to sexual health education where medical students manage a curriculum for an entire seventh grade in one Rhode Island city to better equip students with comprehensive knowledge about sexual health. METHODS: Medical students were trained to teach 12 sessions to seventh-grade students under the supervision of the classroom teacher using a curriculum designed by medical students and faculty (modeled on the Family Life and Sexual Health [FLASH] curriculum but tailored to meet the community's needs)...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182886/school-nurses-on-the-front-lines-of-medicine-take-a-breath-the-approach-to-a-student-with-respiratory-distress
#15
Morgann Loaec, Robert P Olympia
Students presenting with varying degrees of respiratory symptoms and distress occur commonly in the school setting. It is important to develop a differential diagnosis for respiratory distress, to initiate stabilization of the student with life-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow up at their primary health care provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via Emergency Medical Services)...
November 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169068/effects-of-a-service-learning-experience-on-confidence-and-clinical-skills-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#16
Jennifer Saylor, Lindsey Hertsenberg, Malissa McQuillan, Ashley O'Connell, Kimberly Shoe, Christina J Calamaro
BACKGROUND: Camp programs yield positive and lasting benefits for children. Integrating a summer camp into a nurse course with a service learning design fosters learning beyond the classroom and enhances community engagement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the nursing students' experience and perceived confidence after completing a service learning nursing course. DESIGN: This is a descriptive, qualitative research study that used reflection and a perceived confidence questionnaire...
November 30, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164544/-construction-and-application-of-innovative-education-technology-strategies-in-nursing
#17
Li-Fen Chao, Hsiang-Ping Huang, Lee-Fen Ni, Chia-Lan Tsai, Tsuey-Yuan Huang
The evolution of information and communication technologies has deeply impacted education reform, promoted the development of digital-learning models, and stimulated the development of diverse nursing education strategies in order to better fulfill needs and expand in new directions. The present paper introduces the intelligent-learning resources that are available for basic medical science education, problem-based learning, nursing scenario-based learning, objective structured clinical examinations, and other similar activities in the Department of Nursing at Chang Gung University of Science and Technology...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135352/the-effectiveness-of-daily-behavior-report-cards-for-children-with-adhd-a-meta-analysis
#18
Michelle Iznardo, Maria A Rogers, Robert J Volpe, Patrick R Labelle, Philippe Robaey
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined group-design studies investigating the effectiveness of Daily Behavior Report Cards (DBRC) as a school-based intervention to manage the classroom behavior of students with ADHD. METHODS: A search of three article databases (PsycINFO, ERIC and Medline) identified seven group design evaluations of DBRC interventions. This meta-analysis included a total of 272 participants, with an average age of 7.9 years old. Three of the studies compared a control group to a treatment group with randomized group assignment, one study compared a control group to three treatment groups, two studies compared pre-and post-treatment scores in the same group, and one study compared pre-and post-treatment results of two intervention groups without random assignment...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130436/hearing-technology-use-and-management-in-school-age-children-reports-from-data-logs-parents-and-teachers
#19
Samantha J Gustafson, Todd A Ricketts, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: Consistency of hearing aid and remote microphone system use declines as school-age children with hearing loss age. One indicator of hearing aid use time is data logging, another is parent report. Recent data suggest that parents overestimate their children's hearing aid use time relative to data logging. The potential reasons for this disparity remain unclear. Because school-age children spend the majority of their day away from their parents and with their teachers, reports from teachers might serve as a valuable and additional tool for estimating hearing aid use time and management...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126602/the-potential-of-blended-learning-in-education-and-training-for-advanced-civilian-and-military-trauma-care
#20
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
INTRODUCTION: In the field of advanced care of the complex trauma patient, there is an emerging need for focused education and training. However, several hospitals do not support further education and training in this field, and the challenge of releasing time for physicians and nurses is well-known. Educational strategies using blended learning, which combines traditional classroom methods with modern computer-assisted methods and media, have not yet been widely used. This study analysed the educational challenges and areas for improvement, according to senior physicians and nurses, and investigated the potential use of blended learning...
November 6, 2017: Injury
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