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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099036/another-generation-of-stigma-assessing-healthcare-student-perceptions-of-hiv-positive-patients-in-mwanza-tanzania
#1
Sahil Aggarwal, Debora H Lee, William B Minteer, Reece T H Fenning, Shella K Raja, Megan E Bernstein, Kaavya R Raman, Sean P Denny, Priya A Patel, Mark Lieber, Allison O Farfel, Catherine A Diamond
HIV-related stigma remains a persistent global health concern among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWA) in developing nations. The literature is lacking in studies about healthcare students' perceptions of PLWA. This study is the first effort to understand stigmatizing attitudes toward HIV-positive patients by healthcare students in Mwanza, Tanzania, not just those who will be directly treating patients but also those who will be indirectly involved through nonclinical roles, such as handling patient specimens and private health information...
January 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086875/learning-global-health-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-collaborative-intercultural-peer-group-activity-involving-medical-students-in-australia-and-indonesia
#2
Mark Ambrose, Linda Murray, Nicholas E Handoyo, Deif Tunggal, Nick Cooling
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in 'international classrooms' may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and Indonesia who participated in a reciprocal intercultural participatory peer e-learning activity (RIPPLE) in global health...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078919/cultural-competence-in-medical-education-a-questionnaire-study-of-danish-medical-teachers-perceptions-of-and-preparedness-to-teach-cultural-competence
#3
Janne Sorensen, Signe Smith Jervelund, Marie Norredam, Maria Kristiansen, Allan Krasnik
AIMS: The cultural competence training of healthcare professionals is a key element in ensuring the quality of both the access and delivery of healthcare to increasingly ethnically diverse populations. The aim of this study is to investigate Danish medical teachers' opinions about cultural competence, their willingness to receive training and preparedness to teach cultural competence topics. METHODS: The survey was sent to medical teachers, clinical teachers and external lecturers who teach in the medical programme at the University of Copenhagen...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073309/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-school-nurses-perceptions-on-concussion-care-management
#4
Kathleen H Schneider
The rate of concussions in adolescents has risen over the last decade, resulting in cognitive and emotional problems. Neurologists recommend cognitive and physical rest during the recovery period, followed by a transitional return-to-classroom protocol. The purpose of the study was to develop and test an instrument that explores the beliefs and roles of school nurses in concussion care management. The instrument was a cross-sectional descriptive survey based on the theory of planned behavior, using Qualtrics®...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066703/how-common-are-wm-deficits-in-children-with-difficulties-in-reading-and-mathematics
#5
Susan E Gathercole, Francesca Woolgar, Rogier A Kievit, Duncan Astle, Tom Manly, Joni Holmes
The extent to which deficits in working memory (WM) are characteristic of children with reading and mathematics difficulties was investigated in a large sample aged 5-15 years reported to have problems in attention, learning and memory. WM performance was highly correlated with reading and mathematics scores. Although deficits in individual tests of short-term memory (STM) and WM occurred in less than half of the children with detected learning difficulties, three-quarters of the children with low reading and mathematics scores obtained one or more WM scores in the deficit range...
December 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059569/-playing-hooky-health-messages-apprehension-impression-management-and-deception
#6
Ashley Barrett, Melissa Murphy, Kate Blackburn
This study investigates playing hooky in higher education classrooms and associates this behavior with students' communicative dispositions, instructor perceptions, and language use. We define "playing hooky" as students skipping class and explaining their absence to their instructor with deceptive health messages. The purpose of Study 1, an online survey (N = 177), is to further understand the characteristics of students who engage in this type of deceptive health communication. Study 1 measures communication apprehension and perceived instructor credibility in students who had played hooky from class and those who had not...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999151/endotracheal-intubation-training-and-skill-maintenance-for-respiratory-therapists
#7
Andrew G Miller
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation is commonly performed outside the operating room (OR). Although respiratory therapists (RTs) performing endotracheal intubation is a well-established practice, the optimum way for RTs to be trained and maintain their skills is unspecified. The purpose of this study was to describe training methods and skills maintenance methods and to identify barriers that prevent RTs from intubating in some institutions. METHODS: A survey instrument was developed by the author...
December 20, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923441/she-s-supporting-them-who-s-supporting-her-preschool-center-level-social-emotional-supports-and-teacher-well-being
#8
Katherine M Zinsser, Claire G Christensen, Luz Torres
Preschool teachers across the country have been charged to prepare children socially and emotionally for kindergarten. Teachers working in preschool centers are supporting children's social and emotional learning (SEL) within a rich ecology of emotion and social relationships and the present study considers how the supports implemented for children's SEL at the center-level are associated with teachers' psychological health and workplace experiences. Hierarchical linear models were constructed using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 cohort...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917561/how-staff-nurses-perceive-the-impact-of-nurse-managers-leadership-style-in-terms-of-job-satisfaction-a-mixed-method-study
#9
Giuliana Morsiani, Annamaria Bagnasco, Loredana Sasso
AIM: To describe staff nurses' perceptions related to the leadership styles adopted by their nurse managers, identify which leadership style ensured job satisfaction in staff nurses and describe which behaviours nurse managers should change. BACKGROUND: Empirical literature suggests that leadership styles of nurse managers significantly influence staff satisfaction. However, few studies investigate how staff nurses perceive the leadership styles of their nurse managers, and how these impact upon the staff nurses' job satisfaction...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911621/exergaming-for-health-a-randomized-study-of-community-based-exergaming-curriculum-in-pediatric-weight-management
#10
Amy L Christison, Tyler A Evans, Brandon B Bleess, Huaping Wang, Jean C Aldag, Helen J Binns
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and sustainable impact of a multifaceted community-based weight intervention program for children, including exergaming curriculum. METHODS: Eighty overweight or obese children, aged 8-12 years, were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to an Exergaming for Health intervention group, comprising both exergaming and classroom curriculum, or to a control group with classroom curriculum alone. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), z-score change, and shuttle runs to assess cardiorespiratory endurance...
December 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882187/child-teacher-and-parent-perceptions-of-the-friends-classroom-based-universal-anxiety-prevention-programme-a-qualitative-study
#11
Elena Skryabina, Joanna Morris, Danielle Byrne, Nicola Harkin, Sarah Rook, Paul Stallard
School-based mental health prevention programmes can be effective but their adoption within schools will depend on their social acceptability. We report a qualitative evaluation summarising the views of children (115), parents (20) and school staff (47) about a universal school-based anxiety prevention programme FRIENDS. This study was conducted as part of a large scale randomised controlled trial (n = 1362) involving 40 schools in the UK providing primary education to children aged 7-11. Reported overall experience of the programme was very positive, with all three major components of the cognitive behaviour therapy programme (emotional, cognitive, and behavioural) being accepted well and understood by children...
2016: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782826/does-the-incredible-years-teacher-classroom-management-training-programme-have-positive-effects-for-young-children-exhibiting-severe-externalizing-problems-in-school-a-quasi-experimental-pre-post-study
#12
Bente Kirkhaug, May Britt Drugli, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Stian Lydersen, Merethe Åsheim, Sturla Fossum
BACKGROUND: Young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school are at risk of developing several poor outcomes. School-based intervention programs have been found to be effective for students with different problems, including those with behavioral problems, emotional distress, or social problems. The present study investigated whether the IY-TCM programme, as a universal stand-alone school intervention programme, reduced severe child externalizing problems as reported by the teacher, and evaluated if these children improved their social competence, internalizing problems, academic performances and student- teacher relationship as a result of the IY TCM training...
October 26, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750292/epidemiology-of-vocal-health-in-young-adults-attending-college-in-the-united-states
#13
Naomi A Hartley, Ellen Breen, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to document typical vocal health characteristics (including voice-related activities, behaviors, and symptomatology) of young adults attending college and to determine lifetime and point prevalence rates of voice disorders. Method: Undergraduates at University of Wisconsin-Madison completed an anonymous online survey detailing vocal use, symptomatology, impact, sociodemographics, and voice-related quality of life. Univariate analyses and multivariate regression models isolated risk factors for lifetime and point prevalence rates of a voice disorder...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741257/designing-an-ipad-app-to-monitor-and-improve-classroom-behavior-for-children-with-adhd-iselfcontrol-feasibility-and-pilot-studies
#14
Sabrina Schuck, Natasha Emmerson, Hadar Ziv, Penelope Collins, Sara Arastoo, Mark Warschauer, Francis Crinella, Kimberley Lakes
Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) receive approximately 80% of instruction in the general education classroom, where individualized behavioral management strategies may be difficult for teachers to consistently deliver. Mobile device apps provide promising platforms to manage behavior. This pilot study evaluated the utility of a web-based application (iSelfControl) designed to support classroom behavior management. iSelfControl prompted students every 'Center' (30-minutes) to self-evaluate using a universal token-economy classroom management system focused on compliance, productivity, and positive relationships...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735973/skills-versus-pills-psychosocial-treatments-for-adhd-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#15
Erin N Schoenfelder, Tyler Sasser
Although side effects and family concerns are common and long-term medication adherence is low, stimulant medications are a front-line treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychosocial treatments include classroom, family, and child-focused interventions that teach caregivers and teachers how to implement contingencies to shape behavior and provide children with skills to compensate for ADHD deficits. Such programs have a growing evidence-base and can be implemented alone or in conjunction with pharmacological treatments...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697956/team-based-learning-in-large-enrollment-classes
#16
REVIEW
Jonathan D Kibble, Christine Bellew, Abdo Asmar, Lisa Barkley
The goal of this review is to highlight the key elements needed to successfully deploy team-based learning (TBL) in any class, but especially in large enrolment classes, where smooth logistics are essential. The text is based on a lecture and workshop given at the American Physiological Society's Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, WI, in June 2016. After a short overview of the TBL method, its underpinning in learning theory, and a summary of current evidence for its effectiveness, we present two case studies from our own teaching practices in a new medical school...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694461/optimizing-learning-in-college-tips-from-cognitive-psychology
#17
Adam L Putnam, Victor W Sungkhasettee, Henry L Roediger
Every fall, thousands of college students begin their first college courses, often in large lecture settings. Many students, even those who work hard, flounder. What should students be doing differently? Drawing on research in cognitive psychology and our experience as educators, we provide suggestions about how students should approach taking a course in college. We discuss time management techniques, identify the ineffective study strategies students often use, and suggest more effective strategies based on research in the lab and the classroom...
September 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684538/observer-and-student-ratings-of-the-class-environment-a-preliminary-investigation-of-convergence
#18
Peter M Nelson, Linda A Reddy, Christopher M Dudek, Adam J Lekwa
The present study examined the relationship between student and observer ratings of the class environment. More specifically, class responses on the Responsive Environmental Assessment for Classroom Teaching (REACT; Theodore J. Christ & Colleagues, 2015) were compared with observer ratings on the Classroom Strategies Assessment System-Observer Form (Reddy, Fabiano, & Dudek, 2013). This study included 38 teachers and 582 students from 5 high-poverty schools. Observational data were reported as discrepancy scores, which reflect the difference between the recommended frequency and observed frequency of specific instructional and behavioral management strategies for classroom teachers...
September 29, 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677063/exposing-baccalaureate-nursing-students-to-transitional-care
#19
Melissa OʼConnor, Angelina Arcamone, Frances Amorim, Mary Beth Hoban, Regina M Boyd, Lauren Fowler, Theresa Marcelli, Jacalyn Smith, Kathleen Nassar, M Louise Fitzpatrick
Management and facilitation of care transitions from hospital to alternative settings requires skill and attention to avoid adverse events. Several interprofessional organizations and nurse leaders have called for the expansion and redesign of undergraduate nursing curricula to include care transitions. Yet there is little evidence describing how undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students are educated on this critical topic or how successful they are in improving student knowledge about care transitions. To address this gap, an in-classroom and clinical experience was implemented to prepare students to manage and facilitate care transitions from the hospital to alternative settings-including the home...
October 2016: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661467/the-marketing-potential-of-corporate-social-responsibility-activities-the-case-of-the-alcohol-industry-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#20
Daniela Pantani, Raquel Peltzer, Mariana Cremonte, Katherine Robaina, Thomas Babor, Ilana Pinsky
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To 1) identify, monitor and analyze the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices of the alcohol industry in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and 2) examine whether the alcohol industry is using these actions to market their products and brands. METHODS: Nine health experts from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay conducted a content analysis of 218 CSR activities using a standardized protocol. A content rating procedure was used to evaluate the marketing potential of CSR activities as well as their likely population reach and effectiveness...
September 23, 2016: Addiction
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