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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656533/a-weed-resistance-management-game-a-teaching-tool
#1
George B Frisvold
BACKGROUND: This article provides instructions and materials to moderate an interactive resistance management game. The game is designed to generate discussion about the challenges and possibilities of coordinating resistance management activities among groups of farmers. The game has been successfully applied in classroom settings, extension workshops, and at professional weed science meetings. Research has found farmers often perceive the success of their own resistance management may be thwarted if their neighbors are not adequately managing resistance as well...
April 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629933/using-tabletop-exercises-as-an-innovative-and-practical-teaching-strategy-in-response-to-external-disaster-scenarios
#2
Cathleen A Evans, Rose Schwartz
Transferring previous learning to novel and unfamiliar health care situations is a challenge that nurses face daily. As a nursing classroom experience, tabletop exercises provide nursing students with open-ended decision-making opportunities to manage realistic practice problems. This article describes an innovative tabletop exercise with a disaster healthcare context and patient scenarios that senior nursing students used to demonstrate foundational nursing education knowledge, skills, and abilities. Students demonstrated a transfer of knowledge from early medical-surgical coursework to a complex, novel situation using the nursing process and evidence-based clinical judgment...
April 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629778/teacher-coaching-supported-by-formative-assessment-for-improving-classroom-practices
#3
Gregory A Fabiano, Linda A Reddy, Christopher M Dudek
The present study is a wait-list controlled, randomized study investigating a teacher coaching approach that emphasizes formative assessment and visual performance feedback to enhance elementary school teachers' classroom practices. The coaching model targeted instructional and behavioral management practices as measured by the Classroom Strategies Assessment System (CSAS) Observer and Teacher Forms. The sample included 89 general education teachers, stratified by grade level, and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: (a) immediate coaching, or (b) waitlist control...
April 9, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614197/standardized-patient-simulation-to-facilitate-learning-in-evidence-based-oncology-symptom-management
#4
Jennifer Gunberg Ross, Sherry A Burrell
BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses lack the specialty knowledge and skills necessary to provide effective symptom management to oncology patients. The purpose of this article is to describe the development of a simulation-based learning experience using standardized patients to enhance undergraduate nursing students' ability to apply evidence-based principles learned in the classroom to oncology symptom management practice. METHOD: Faculty developed two standardized patient simulations for a 7-week senior seminar in evidence-based oncology symptom management...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609654/evaluation-of-a-flipped-classroom-approach-to-learning-introductory-epidemiology
#5
Stephanie Shiau, Linda G Kahn, Jonathan Platt, Chihua Li, Jason T Guzman, Zachary G Kornhauser, Katherine M Keyes, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Although the flipped classroom model has been widely adopted in medical education, reports on its use in graduate-level public health programs are limited. This study describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of a flipped classroom redesign of an introductory epidemiology course and compares it to a traditional model. METHODS: One hundred fifty Masters-level students enrolled in an introductory epidemiology course with a traditional format (in-person lecture and discussion section, at-home assignment; 2015, N = 72) and a flipped classroom format (at-home lecture, in-person discussion section and assignment; 2016, N = 78)...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608208/effects-of-the-good-behavior-game-on-student-and-teacher-behavior-in-an-alternative-school
#6
Christopher C Rubow, Timothy R Vollmer, P Raymond Joslyn
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classroom behavior management procedure that has been shown to be effective in reducing disruptive behavior across many settings and populations (Flower, McKenna, Bunuan, Muething, & Vega, 2014). We investigated the effects of the GBG on student and teacher behavior in two classrooms containing fourth- to eighth-grade students in an alternative school for students with emotional and behavioral disorders. Results indicated the GBG reduced disruption and increased the teacher's use of praise relative to reprimands...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588657/feasibility-study-of-a-family-and-school-based-intervention-for-child-behavior-problems-in-nepal
#7
Ramesh P Adhikari, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Emily N Satinsky, Matthew D Burkey, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal. Methods: Forty-one children participated at baseline. Two students moved to another district, meaning 39 children, ages 6-15, participated at both baseline and follow-up. Pre-post evaluation was used to assess behavioral changes over a 4-month follow-up period (n = 39)...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571528/investigating-teacher-and-student-effects-of-the-incredible-years-classroom-management-program-in-early-elementary-school
#8
Desiree W Murray, David L Rabiner, Laura Kuhn, Yi Pan, Raha Forooz Sabet
The present paper reports on the results of a cluster randomized trial of the Incredible Years® Teacher Classroom Management Program (IY-TCM) and its effects on early elementary teachers' management strategies, classroom climate, and students' emotion regulation, attention, and academic competence. IY-TCM was implemented in 11 rural and semi-rural schools with K-2 teachers and a diverse student sample. Outcomes were compared for 45 teachers who participated in five full day training workshops and brief classroom consultation and 46 control teachers; these 91 teachers had a total of 1192 students...
April 2018: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553287/decreasing-inappropriate-use-of-mobile-devices-in-urban-high-school-classrooms-comparing-an-antecedent-intervention-with-and-without-the-good-behavior-game
#9
Colleen J Hernan, Tai A Collins, Julie Q Morrison, Stephen D Kroeger
As the capabilities of portable technology continue to advance and become more accessible, educators express concern about the impact of the inappropriate use of mobile devices on academic engagement and learning. An alternating treatments design was used to compare the effectiveness of an antecedent (Clear Box) intervention and an interdependent group contingency (Clear Box + Good Behavior Game [GBG]) intervention to typical classroom management techniques (Control) in increasing the academic engagement and decreasing mobile device use of high school students during instruction...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537930/school-nurses-on-the-front-lines-of-medicine-the-approach-to-a-student-after-a-syncopal-event-don-t-pass-out
#10
Gretchen Hackett, Jodi Brady, Robert P Olympia
Students presenting with syncope and/or seizure occur occasionally in the school setting. Several studies have shown that seizures as well as respiratory distress are the most common medical emergencies that prompt school nurses and staff to contact emergency medical services (EMS) to transport students to the closest emergency department (Knight 1999, Olympia 2005). It is important to develop a differential diagnosis for syncope, to initiate stabilization of the student with life-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow-up at their primary health care provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via EMS)...
March 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536374/ethical-dilemmas-and-reflexivity-in-qualitative-research
#11
Anne-Marie Reid, Jeremy M Brown, Julie M Smith, Alexandra C Cope, Susan Jamieson
CONTEXT: For medical education researchers, a key concern may be the practicalities of gaining ethical approval where this is a national or local requirement. However, in qualitative studies, where the dynamics of human interaction pervade, ethical considerations are an ongoing process which continues long after approval has been granted. Responding to ethical dilemmas arising 'in the moment' requires a reflexive approach whereby the researcher questions his/her own motivations, assumptions and interests...
March 13, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518428/the-classroom-microbiome-and-asthma-morbidity-in-children-attending-three-inner-city-schools
#12
Peggy S Lai, Raivo Kolde, Eric A Franzosa, Jonathan M Gaffin, Sachin N Baxi, William J Sheehan, Diane R Gold, Dirk Gevers, Ramnik J Xavier, Wanda Phipatanakul
The classroom microbiome is different from the home microbiome. Higher classroom microbial diversity is associated with increased asthma symptoms. In this pilot study, a school-level integrated pest management intervention changed the classroom microbiome.
March 5, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508717/school-nurse-perspectives-on-school-policies-for-food-allergy-and-anaphylaxis
#13
Lauren M Kao, Julie Wang, Olga Kagan, Anne Russell, S Shahzad Mustafa, Diane Houdek, Bridget Smith, Ruchi Gupta
BACKGROUND: Although school health care professionals are integral to the management of students with food allergy, their views on school food allergy policies have not yet been reported. OBJECTIVE: To characterize food allergy policies currently being used in schools and their utility and potential barriers to implementation from the perspective of school health care professionals. METHODS: An electronic survey was disseminated to school nurses at the 2016 National Association of School Nurses meeting and through the Allergy and Asthma Network listserv...
March 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507743/effect-of-transporting-an-evidence-based-violence-prevention-intervention-to-jamaican-preschools-on-teacher-and-class-wide-child-behaviour-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#14
H Baker-Henningham, S Walker
Introduction: Based on extensive piloting work, we adapted the Incredible Years (IY) teacher-training programme to the Jamaican preschool setting and evaluated this adapted version through a cluster-randomised trial. Methods: Twenty-four community preschools in Kingston, Jamaica were randomly assigned to intervention (12 schools, 37 teachers) or control (12 schools, 36 teachers). The intervention involved training teachers in classroom management through eight full-day training workshops and four individual 1-h in-class support sessions...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506968/the-impact-of-a-small-private-online-course-as-a-new-approach-to-teaching-oncology-development-and-evaluation
#15
Charlotte Vaysse, Elodie Chantalat, Odile Beyne-Rauzy, Louise Morineau, Fabien Despas, Jean-Marc Bachaud, Nathalie Caunes, Muriel Poublanc, Elie Serrano, Roland Bugat, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat, Anne-Laure Fize
BACKGROUND: Oncology involves complex care and multidisciplinary management of patients; however, misinformation and ineffective communication remain problematic. OBJECTIVE: The educational objective of our study was to develop a new teaching method to improve cancer treatment and management by emphasizing the link between hospitals (inpatients) and their surrounding communities (outpatients). METHODS: A team of 22 professionals from public and private institutions developed a small private online course (SPOC)...
March 5, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504643/feasibility-of-an-emotional-health-curriculum-for-elementary-school-students-in-an-underserved-hispanic-community
#16
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Patricia Renno, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Mindy Chin, Lorraine S Evangelista
PROBLEM: Hispanic children have greater mental health challenges but fewer received mental health services than other ethnic groups. A classroom-based Emotional Health Curriculum (EHC) was developed to address mental health disparities in an underserved Hispanic community. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with one group pre- and post-intervention was used to test the feasibility of an 8-week EHC for one hundred 3rd and 4th grade children in a dual-immersion Spanish-English elementary school...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503596/recruiting-retaining-and-engaging-men-in-social-interventions-lessons-for-implementation-focusing-on-a-prison-based-parenting-intervention-for-young-incarcerated-fathers
#17
Katie Buston
Recruiting, retaining and engaging men in social interventions can be challenging. The focus of this paper is the successful implementation of a parenting programme for incarcerated fathers, delivered in a Young Offender Institution (YOI) in Scotland. Reasons for high levels of recruitment, retention and engagement are explored, with barriers identified. A qualitative design was employed using ethnographic approaches including participant observation of the programme, informal interactions, and formal interviews with programme participants, the facilitators and others involved in managing the programme...
2018: Child Care in Practice: Northern Ireland Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Child Care Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488291/clinicians-views-of-the-training-use-and-maintenance-of-phonetic-transcription-in-speech-and-language-therapy
#18
Rachael-Anne Knight, Chandni Bandali, Clare Woodhead, Parul Vansadia
BACKGROUND: The critical role of phonetic transcription in the assessment, diagnosis and management of speech disorders is well established and thus pre-registration degrees dedicate numerous hours to phonetic training. However, this training is not always fully used in clinical work and clinicians may find it difficult to maintain their skills, suggesting a 'theory/practice gap'. AIMS: This paper surveys speech and language therapists' (SLTs) views of their training, practice and maintenance of transcription in order to investigate the posited theory/practice gap and to explore how education in phonetics is translated into practice...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478996/deaf-education-teacher-preparation-a-phenomenological-case-study-of-a-graduate-program-with-a-comprehensive-philosophy
#19
Karen S Engler, Cynthia J MacGregor
At a time when deaf education teacher preparation programs are declining in number, little is known about their actual effectiveness. A phenomenological case study of a graduate-level comprehensive deaf education teacher preparation program at a midwestern university explored empowered and enabled learning of teacher candidates using the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education educator pillars: (a) commitment to the profession, (b) proficiency in practice, and (c) learning impact, all deemed critical to developing quality teachers...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465453/creation-and-implementation-of-a-taxonomy-for-educational-activities-a-common-vocabulary-to-guide-curriculum-mapping
#20
Hugh A Stoddard, Erica D Brownfield
PROBLEM: Undergraduate medical education (UME) has trended toward outcomes-based education, unveiling new issues for UME program organization and leadership. Using a common language for categorizing and linking all program components is essential. The Emory Curriculum Alignment Taxonomy (ECAT) was designed as a common vocabulary for curriculum mapping in the outcomes-based environment of the Emory University School of Medicine. APPROACH: The ECAT, developed in 2016, uses a set of 291 controlled identifiers, or "tags," to describe every educational activity's content, instruction, assessment, and outcomes, and thereby to align teaching inputs with student outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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