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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541513/improving-health-literacy-through-adult-basic-education-in-australia
#1
Suzanne Morony, Emma Lamph, Danielle Muscat, Don Nutbeam, Haryana M Dhillon, Heather Shepherd, Sian Smith, Aisha Khan, Julie Osborne, Wedyan Meshreky, Karen Luxford, Andrew Hayen, Kirsten J McCaffery
Adults with low literacy are less empowered to take care of their health, have poorer health outcomes and higher healthcare costs. We facilitated partnerships between adult literacy teachers and community health providers to deliver a health literacy training program in adult basic education classrooms. Following course completion we interviewed 19 adult education teachers (15 delivering the health literacy program; 4 delivering standard literacy classes) and four community health providers (CHPs) about their experiences, and analysed transcripts using Framework analysis...
May 25, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536962/trace-element-contents-in-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-in-urban-school-microenvironments-near-a-contaminated-beach-with-mine-tailings-cha%C3%A3-aral-chile
#2
Stephanie Mesías Monsalve, Leonardo Martínez, Karla Yohannessen Vásquez, Sergio Alvarado Orellana, José Klarián Vergara, Miguel Martín Mateo, Rogelio Costilla Salazar, Mauricio Fuentes Alburquenque, Dante D Cáceres Lillo
Air quality in schools is an important public health issue because children spend a considerable part of their daily life in classrooms. Particulate size and chemical composition has been associated with negative health effects. We studied levels of trace element concentrations in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in indoor versus outdoor school settings from six schools in Chañaral, a coastal city with a beach severely polluted with mine tailings. Concentrations of trace elements were measured on two consecutive days during the summer and winter of 2012 and 2013 and determined using X-ray fluorescence...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521563/pain-management-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-school-settings-in-two-cultures-action-and-reaction-approaches
#3
Margareta Adolfsson, Ensa Johnson, Stefan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) face particular challenges, e.g. daily pain that threaten their participation in school activities. This study focuses on how teachers, personal assistants, and clinicians in two countries with different cultural prerequisites, Sweden and South Africa, manage the pain of children in school settings. METHOD: Participants' statements collected in focus groups were analysed using a directed qualitative content analysis framed by a Frequency of attendance-Intensity of involvement model, which was modified into a Knowing-Doing model...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507452/consulted-ethical-problems-of-clinical-nursing-practice-perspective-of-faculty-members-in-japan
#4
Mari Tsuruwaka
BACKGROUND: There are several studies that have targeted student nurses, but few have clarified the details pertaining to the specific ethical problems in clinical practice with the viewpoint of the nursing faculty. This study was to investigate the ethical problems in clinical practice reported by student nurses to Japanese nursing faculty members for the purpose of improving ethics education in clinical practice. METHOD: The subjects comprised 705 nursing faculty members (we sent three questionnaires to one university) who managed clinical practice education at 235 Japanese nursing universities...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496277/a-framework-for-integrating-biosimilars-into-the-didactic-core-requirements-of-a-doctor-of-pharmacy-curriculum
#5
REVIEW
Edward Li, Jennifer Liu, Monica Ramchandani
Biologic drugs approved via the abbreviated United States biosimilar approval pathway are anticipated to improve access to medications by addressing increasing health care expenditures. Surveys of health care practitioners indicate that there is inadequate knowledge and understanding about biosimilars; this must be addressed to ensure safe and effective use of this new category of products. Concepts of biosimilar development, manufacturing, regulation, naming, formulary, and inventory considerations, as well as patient and provider education should be included within the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum as preparation for clinical practice...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492166/-violence-in-schools-prospective-study-conducted-in-an-emergency-reception-center-for-victims-of-aggression
#6
O Dubourg, J Hiquet, P Saint-Martin, E Christin, J Fougas, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Although violence in schools is quite well conveyed in the media, the French literature data remain patchy, and the figures available arise mainly from surveys of victimization. This study had two main purposes: to add to the national epidemiological data on this phenomenon and to emphasize the actions that can be undertaken by the practitioner facing such events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that was conducted from September 1st, 2014, to June 30, 2015, in a single center, the CAUVA, an emergency center within the Bordeaux University Hospital for victims of assault...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473736/project-ipal-enhancing-the-well-being-of-elementary-school-children
#7
Holly S Kihm, Amanda Staiano, Patricia Sandoval
In Louisiana, 33% of adolescents and 28% of children are overweight or obese (Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, 2011). It is projected that as many as 24,000 more children in Louisiana may become obese by 2020 if the trend continues (Broyles et al, 2011). Researchers have identified several strategies to address overweight among youth, but more work needs to be done in our classrooms to teach university students the skills necessary to become real-world ready for working with children and adolescents who struggle with weight management...
2017: Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467560/harlequin-inspired-story-based-learning-an-educational-innovation-for-pediatric-nursing-communication
#8
Alison Shaw, Candace Lind, Carol Ewashen
BACKGROUND: Effective communication with patients and families is essential for quality care in the pediatric environment. Despite this, the current structure and content of undergraduate nursing education often contributes to novice RNs feeling unprepared to manage complex pediatric communication situations. METHOD: By merging the characteristics of the Harlequin persona with the structure of story-based learning, undergraduate students can be introduced to increasingly advanced pediatric communication scenarios in the classroom...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447028/flipping-classrooms-in-a-school-of-public-health
#9
Steven W Howard, Darcell P Scharff, Travis M Loux
Alternative course formats are gaining increasing attention in higher education. The literature provides a number of examples and studies of flipped classrooms in the medical sciences and liberal arts and sciences. However, fewer than five papers on flipped classes in graduate public health courses have been published, and none in health management. Because graduate public health education is competency based, it seems that a flipped approach with its applied nature would be an appropriate form of teaching public health courses...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427024/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-epilepsy-among-teachers-at-ethio-national-school-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#10
Tesfaye Berhe, Bethlehem Yihun, Emebet Abebe, Hailu Abera
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders and is poorly understood by the public and has been associated with numerous misconceptions and beliefs. This, coupled with its dramatic clinical manifestations, has resulted in a strong social stigma. Since teachers have a key role in society as educators, the purpose of this study was to find out the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards epilepsy among school teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of 135 teachers about epilepsy using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409696/collaborative-occupational-therapy-teachers-impressions-of-the-partnering-for-change-p4c-model
#11
A L Wilson, S R Harris
AIMS: Occupational therapists (OTs) often face barriers when trying to collaborate with teachers in school-based settings. Partnering for change (P4C), a collaborative practice model designed to support children with developmental coordination disorder, could potentially support all students with special needs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore how teachers experience OT services delivered using the P4C model to support children with a variety of special needs. METHODS: P4C was implemented at one elementary school in Courtenay, British Columbia...
April 14, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406656/is-pre-k-classroom-quality-associated-with-kindergarten-and-middle-school-academic-skills
#12
Sara Anderson, Deborah Phillips
We employed data from a longitudinal investigation of over 1,000 children who participated in Tulsa's universal school-based pre-K program in 2005, and path modeling techniques, to examine the contribution of pre-K classroom quality to both kindergarten- and middle-school academic skills. We also examined gender and income-related differences in quality-outcome associations. Both Instructional and Emotional Support in pre-K classrooms, but not Classroom Management, assessed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS), were associated with kindergarten academic skills and, modestly indirectly associated through these immediate impacts, to middle-school test scores...
April 13, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364581/self-reported-confidence-in-patient-safety-knowledge-among-australian-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-multi-site-cross-sectional-survey-study
#13
Kim Usher, Cindy Woods, Glenda Parmenter, Marie Hutchinson, Judy Mannix, Tamara Power, Wendy Chaboyer, Sharon Latimer, Jane Mills, Lesley Siegloff, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is critical to the provision of quality health care and thus is an essential component of nurse education. OBJECTIVE: To describe first, second and third year Australian undergraduate nursing students' confidence in patient safety knowledge acquired in the classroom and clinical settings across the three years of the undergraduate nursing program. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey conducted in 2015. SETTING: Seven Australian universities with campuses across three states (Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia)...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358540/executive-control-goes-to-school-implications-of-preschool-executive-performance-for-observed-elementary-classroom-learning-engagement
#14
Timothy D Nelson, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Tiffany D James, Caron A C Clark, Katherine M Kidwell, Kimberly Andrews Espy
The transition to elementary school is accompanied by increasing demands for children to regulate their attention and behavior within the classroom setting. Executive control (EC) may be critical for meeting these demands; however, few studies have rigorously examined the association between EC and observed classroom behavior. This study examined EC in preschool (age 5 years 3 months) as a predictor of classroom learning engagement behaviors in first grade, using a battery of performance-based EC tasks and live classroom observations in a longitudinal sample of 313 children...
May 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329020/how-a-collaborative-integrated-taxonomic-effort-has-trained-new-spongiologists-and-improved-knowledge-of-martinique-island-french-antilles-eastern-caribbean-sea-marine-biodiversity
#15
Thierry Pérez, Maria-Cristina Díaz, César Ruiz, Baslavi Cóndor-Luján, Michelle Klautau, Eduardo Hajdu, Gisele Lobo-Hajdu, Sven Zea, Shirley A Pomponi, Robert W Thacker, Sophie Carteron, Guillaume Tollu, Adeline Pouget-Cuvelier, Philippe Thélamon, Jean-Philippe Marechal, Olivier P Thomas, Alexander V Ereskovsky, Jean Vacelet, Nicole Boury-Esnault
Although sponges are important components of benthic ecosystems of the Caribbean Sea, their diversity remained poorly investigated in the Lesser Antilles. By organizing a training course in Martinique, we wanted both to promote taxonomy and to provide a first inventory of the sponge diversity on this island. The course was like a naturalist expedition, with a field laboratory and a classroom nearby. Early-career scientists and environmental managers were trained in sponge taxonomy. We gathered unpublished data and conducted an inventory at 13 coastal sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326049/the-use-of-subscores-in-higher-education-when-is-this-useful
#16
Rob R Meijer, Anja J Boevé, Jorge N Tendeiro, Roel J Bosker, Casper J Albers
Assessment in higher education is challenging because teachers face more students, with less contact time as compared to primary and secondary education. Therefore, teachers and management are often interested in efficient ways of giving students diagnostic feedback and providing information on the basis of subscores is one method that is often used in large-scale standardized testing. In this article we discuss some recent psychometric literature that warns against the use of subscores in addition to the use of total scores...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322509/teaching-medical-students-about-cost-effectiveness
#17
Mark Iscoe, Robert Lord, John Schulz, David Lee, Danelle Cayea, Amit Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Rising and burdensome health care costs have driven interest in the practice of high-value care (HVC) and have inspired calls for increased HVC training across all levels of medical education, including among undergraduate medical students. CONTEXT: Classroom-based HVC curricula targeted to medical students have not been previously described in the medical literature. INNOVATION: We developed and evaluated a workshop comprising a lecture, a small-group exercise and a group discussion to instruct medical students on interpreting cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA), applying CEA to patient care and discussing the cost of care with patients...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260822/vietnam-as-a-case-example-of-school-based-mental-health-services-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-efficacy-and-effects-of-risk-status
#18
Hoang-Minh Dang, Bahr Weiss, Cao Minh Nguyen, Nam Tran, Amie Pollack
The purposes of this study were to (a) assess the efficacy of a universal classroom-based mental health and social skills program for primary school students in Vietnam, and (b) given the universal nature of the intervention, assess outcomes as a function of risk status (high vs. low). RECAP-VN is a semi-structured program that provides students with classroom social skills training, and teachers with in-classroom consultation on program implementation and classroom-wide behavior management. Project data were collected at three time-points across the academic year from 443 2(nd) grade students in regards to their social skills and mental health functioning, in the Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Danang...
February 2017: School Psychology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254162/noise-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-an-exploratory-survey
#19
Shireen M Kanakri, Mardelle Shepley, James W Varni, Louis G Tassinary
BACKGROUND: With more students being educated in schools for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) than ever before, architects and interior designers need to consider the environmental features that may be modified to enhance the academic and social success of autistic students in school. AIM: This study explored existing empirical research on the impact of noise on children with ASD and provides recommendations regarding design features that can contribute to noise reduction...
February 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252908/the-experience-of-educational-quality-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-phenomenological-study
#20
Loreana Macale, Ercole Vellone, Gennaro Scialò, Mauro Iossa, Elena Cristofori, Rosaria Alvaro
AIM: The evaluation of academic education has become crucial in the European Union since the Bologna Process encouraged all European universities to reach high quality standards in education. Although several studies have been conducted on the quality of undergraduate nursing education, few studies have explored this topic from the students' perspective. The purpose of this study was to describe the experience of educational quality in undergraduate nursing students. METHOD: The phenomenological method was used to study 55 students (mean age 24 years; 73% female) pursuing a baccalaureate degree in nursing in three universities in central Italy...
October 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
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