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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863377/fixed-effects-models-versus-mixed-effects-models-for-clustered-data-reviewing-the-approaches-disentangling-the-differences-and-making-recommendations
#1
Daniel McNeish, Ken Kelley
Clustered data are common in many fields. Some prominent examples of clustering are employees clustered within supervisors, students within classrooms, and clients within therapists. Many methods exist that explicitly consider the dependency introduced by a clustered data structure, but the multitude of available options has resulted in rigid disciplinary preferences. For example, those working in the psychological, organizational behavior, medical, and educational fields generally prefer mixed effects models, whereas those working in economics, behavioral finance, and strategic management generally prefer fixed effects models...
June 4, 2018: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792495/first-grade-classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-teaching-practices-academic-skills-and-executive-functioning
#2
Tashia Abry, Kristen L Granger, Crystal I Bryce, Michelle Taylor, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development and a model-building approach, the authors examined direct and indirect associations between first-grade (G1) classroom-level adversity (CLA), G1 teaching practices, and student (N = 1,073; M = 6.64 years; 49% girls; 82% White) academic skills and executive functioning in G1 and third grades (G3). Teachers reported the prevalence of adversity among their students (e.g., poor home/family life, poor academic/social readiness)...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791740/the-irie-classroom-toolbox-developing-a-violence-prevention-preschool-teacher-training-program-using-evidence-theory-and-practice
#3
Helen Baker-Henningham
In this paper, I describe the development of the Irie Classroom Toolbox, a school-based violence prevention, teacher training program for use with children aged 3-6 years. In-depth interviews were conducted with Jamaican preschool teachers, who had participated in a trial of a classroom behavior management program, at posttest (n = 35) and 5 years later (n = 20). An on-going process evaluation was also conducted. Teachers' preferred behavior management strategies and training methods were documented, and enablers and barriers to implementation were identified...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775510/educational-intervention-on-delirium-assessment-using-confusion-assessment-method-icu-cam-icu-in-a-general-intensive-care-unit
#4
Vimala Ramoo, Harlinna Abu, Vineya Rai, Surindar Kaur Surat Singh, Ayuni Asma' Baharudin, Mahmoud Danaee, Raveena Rajalachimi R Thinagaran
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess intensive care unit nurses' knowledge of intensive care unit delirium and delirium assessment before and after an educational intervention. In addition, nurses' perception on the usefulness of a delirium assessment tool and barriers against delirium assessment were assessed as secondary objectives. BACKGROUND: Early identification of delirium in intensive care units is crucial for patient care. Hence, nurses require adequate knowledge to enable appropriate evaluation of delirium using standardised practice and assessment tools...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741456/psychometric-properties-of-the-danish-student-well-being-questionnaire-assessed-in-250-000-student-responders
#5
Janni Niclasen, Maria Keilow, Carsten Obel
BACKGROUND: Well-being is considered a prerequisite for learning. The Danish Ministry of Education initiated the development of a new 40-item student well-being questionnaire in 2014 to monitor well-being among all Danish public school students on a yearly basis. The aim of this study was to investigate the basic psychometric properties of this questionnaire. METHODS: We used the data from the 2015 Danish student well-being survey for 268,357 students in grades 4-9 (about 85% of the study population)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705754/novel-augmented-reality-solution-for-improving-health-literacy-around-antihypertensives-in-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-protocol-of-a-technology-evaluation-study
#6
Alireza Ahmadvand, Judy Drennan, Jean Burgess, Michele Clark, David Kavanagh, Kara Burns, Sarah Howard, Fleur Kelly, Chris Campbell, Lisa Nissen
INTRODUCTION: Low health literacy is common in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (up to 40%), associated with decreased self-efficacy in managing T2DM and its important complications, mainly hypertension. This study introduces, for the first time, an easy-to-use solution based on augmented reality (AR) on smartphones, to enhance health literacy around antihypertensive medicines. It assesses the feasibility of the solution for improving health literacy, oriented specifically to angiotensin II receptor blockers; embedding the health literacy improvement into the use cycle of angiotensin II receptor blockers and providing continuous access to information as a form of patient engagement...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695937/effect-of-mindfulness-and-yoga-on-quality-of-life-for-elementary-school-students-and-teachers-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-school-based-study
#7
Alessandra N Bazzano, Christopher E Anderson, Chelsea Hylton, Jeanette Gustat
Objective: To assess the impact of a yoga curriculum in an elementary school on student quality of life, and to assess teacher and staff perception of potential barriers to, and benefits of, introducing yoga and mindfulness into the classroom. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was utilized to assess the impact of a brief intervention on third-grade students who screened positive for symptoms of anxiety. Students were randomized to an intervention group of 20 students receiving small-group yoga/mindfulness activities for 8 weeks between October 2016 and February 2017, and a control group of 32 students receiving care as usual...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693469/implementation-of-inclusive-education-for-children-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-african-countries-a-scoping-review
#8
Christiana Okyere, Heather Michelle Aldersey, Rosemary Lysaght, Surajo Kamilu Sulaiman
PURPOSE: To advance understanding of practices that support inclusion of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities in inclusive education classrooms in Africa by conducting a review of the extant literature. METHODS: Five academic databases were searched supplemented by a hand search of key journals and references of included studies. Two authors independently screened studies via a reference manager (Covidence) which allowed for blinding. A third author was consulted in cases of conflict...
April 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681667/students-understanding-and-perceptions-of-assigned-team-roles-in-a-classroom-laboratory-environment
#9
Laura E Ott, Kerrie Kephart, Kathleen Stolle-McAllister, William R LaCourse
Using a cooperative learning framework in a quantitative reasoning laboratory course, students were assigned to static teams of four in which they adopted roles that rotated regularly. The roles included: team leader, protocol manager, data recorder, and researcher. Using a mixed-methods approach, we investigated students' perceptions of the team roles and specifically addressed students' understanding of the roles, students' beliefs in their ability to enact the roles, and whether working with assigned team roles supported the teams to work effectively and cohesively...
March 2018: Journal of College Science Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656533/a-weed-resistance-management-game-a-teaching-tool
#10
George B Frisvold
BACKGROUND: This article provides instructions and materials to moderate an interactive resistance management game. The game is designed to generate discussion about the challenges and possibilities of coordinating resistance management activities among groups of farmers. The game has been successfully applied in classroom settings, extension workshops, and at professional weed science meetings. Research has found farmers often perceive the success of their own resistance management may be thwarted if their neighbors are not adequately managing resistance as well...
April 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629933/using-tabletop-exercises-as-an-innovative-and-practical-teaching-strategy-in-response-to-external-disaster-scenarios
#11
Cathleen A Evans, Rose Schwartz
Transferring previous learning to novel and unfamiliar health care situations is a challenge that nurses face daily. As a nursing classroom experience, tabletop exercises provide nursing students with open-ended decision-making opportunities to manage realistic practice problems. This article describes an innovative tabletop exercise with a disaster healthcare context and patient scenarios that senior nursing students used to demonstrate foundational nursing education knowledge, skills, and abilities. Students demonstrated a transfer of knowledge from early medical-surgical coursework to a complex, novel situation using the nursing process and evidence-based clinical judgment...
April 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629778/teacher-coaching-supported-by-formative-assessment-for-improving-classroom-practices
#12
Gregory A Fabiano, Linda A Reddy, Christopher M Dudek
The present study is a wait-list controlled, randomized study investigating a teacher coaching approach that emphasizes formative assessment and visual performance feedback to enhance elementary school teachers' classroom practices. The coaching model targeted instructional and behavioral management practices as measured by the Classroom Strategies Assessment System (CSAS) Observer and Teacher Forms. The sample included 89 general education teachers, stratified by grade level, and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: (a) immediate coaching, or (b) waitlist control...
April 9, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614197/standardized-patient-simulation-to-facilitate-learning-in-evidence-based-oncology-symptom-management
#13
Jennifer Gunberg Ross, Sherry A Burrell
BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses lack the specialty knowledge and skills necessary to provide effective symptom management to oncology patients. The purpose of this article is to describe the development of a simulation-based learning experience using standardized patients to enhance undergraduate nursing students' ability to apply evidence-based principles learned in the classroom to oncology symptom management practice. METHOD: Faculty developed two standardized patient simulations for a 7-week senior seminar in evidence-based oncology symptom management...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609654/evaluation-of-a-flipped-classroom-approach-to-learning-introductory-epidemiology
#14
Stephanie Shiau, Linda G Kahn, Jonathan Platt, Chihua Li, Jason T Guzman, Zachary G Kornhauser, Katherine M Keyes, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Although the flipped classroom model has been widely adopted in medical education, reports on its use in graduate-level public health programs are limited. This study describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of a flipped classroom redesign of an introductory epidemiology course and compares it to a traditional model. METHODS: One hundred fifty Masters-level students enrolled in an introductory epidemiology course with a traditional format (in-person lecture and discussion section, at-home assignment; 2015, N = 72) and a flipped classroom format (at-home lecture, in-person discussion section and assignment; 2016, N = 78)...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608208/effects-of-the-good-behavior-game-on-student-and-teacher-behavior-in-an-alternative-school
#15
Christopher C Rubow, Timothy R Vollmer, P Raymond Joslyn
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classroom behavior management procedure that has been shown to be effective in reducing disruptive behavior across many settings and populations (Flower, McKenna, Bunuan, Muething, & Vega, 2014). We investigated the effects of the GBG on student and teacher behavior in two classrooms containing fourth- to eighth-grade students in an alternative school for students with emotional and behavioral disorders. Results indicated the GBG reduced disruption and increased the teacher's use of praise relative to reprimands...
April 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588657/feasibility-study-of-a-family-and-school-based-intervention-for-child-behavior-problems-in-nepal
#16
Ramesh P Adhikari, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Emily N Satinsky, Matthew D Burkey, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal. Methods: Forty-one children participated at baseline. Two students moved to another district, meaning 39 children, ages 6-15, participated at both baseline and follow-up. Pre-post evaluation was used to assess behavioral changes over a 4-month follow-up period (n = 39)...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571528/investigating-teacher-and-student-effects-of-the-incredible-years-classroom-management-program-in-early-elementary-school
#17
Desiree W Murray, David L Rabiner, Laura Kuhn, Yi Pan, Raha Forooz Sabet
The present paper reports on the results of a cluster randomized trial of the Incredible Years® Teacher Classroom Management Program (IY-TCM) and its effects on early elementary teachers' management strategies, classroom climate, and students' emotion regulation, attention, and academic competence. IY-TCM was implemented in 11 rural and semi-rural schools with K-2 teachers and a diverse student sample. Outcomes were compared for 45 teachers who participated in five full day training workshops and brief classroom consultation and 46 control teachers; these 91 teachers had a total of 1192 students...
April 2018: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553287/decreasing-inappropriate-use-of-mobile-devices-in-urban-high-school-classrooms-comparing-an-antecedent-intervention-with-and-without-the-good-behavior-game
#18
Colleen J Hernan, Tai A Collins, Julie Q Morrison, Stephen D Kroeger
As the capabilities of portable technology continue to advance and become more accessible, educators express concern about the impact of the inappropriate use of mobile devices on academic engagement and learning. An alternating treatments design was used to compare the effectiveness of an antecedent (Clear Box) intervention and an interdependent group contingency (Clear Box + Good Behavior Game [GBG]) intervention to typical classroom management techniques (Control) in increasing the academic engagement and decreasing mobile device use of high school students during instruction...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537930/school-nurses-on-the-front-lines-of-medicine-the-approach-to-a-student-after-a-syncopal-event-don-t-pass-out
#19
Gretchen Hackett, Jodi Brady, Robert P Olympia
Students presenting with syncope and/or seizure occur occasionally in the school setting. Several studies have shown that seizures as well as respiratory distress are the most common medical emergencies that prompt school nurses and staff to contact emergency medical services (EMS) to transport students to the closest emergency department (Knight 1999, Olympia 2005). It is important to develop a differential diagnosis for syncope, to initiate stabilization of the student with life-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow-up at their primary health care provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via EMS)...
March 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536374/ethical-dilemmas-and-reflexivity-in-qualitative-research
#20
Anne-Marie Reid, Jeremy M Brown, Julie M Smith, Alexandra C Cope, Susan Jamieson
CONTEXT: For medical education researchers, a key concern may be the practicalities of gaining ethical approval where this is a national or local requirement. However, in qualitative studies, where the dynamics of human interaction pervade, ethical considerations are an ongoing process which continues long after approval has been granted. Responding to ethical dilemmas arising 'in the moment' requires a reflexive approach whereby the researcher questions his/her own motivations, assumptions and interests...
April 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
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