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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329020/how-a-collaborative-integrated-taxonomic-effort-has-trained-new-spongiologists-and-improved-knowledge-of-martinique-island-french-antilles-eastern-caribbean-sea-marine-biodiversity
#1
Thierry Pérez, Maria-Cristina Díaz, César Ruiz, Baslavi Cóndor-Luján, Michelle Klautau, Eduardo Hajdu, Gisele Lobo-Hajdu, Sven Zea, Shirley A Pomponi, Robert W Thacker, Sophie Carteron, Guillaume Tollu, Adeline Pouget-Cuvelier, Philippe Thélamon, Jean-Philippe Marechal, Olivier P Thomas, Alexander V Ereskovsky, Jean Vacelet, Nicole Boury-Esnault
Although sponges are important components of benthic ecosystems of the Caribbean Sea, their diversity remained poorly investigated in the Lesser Antilles. By organizing a training course in Martinique, we wanted both to promote taxonomy and to provide a first inventory of the sponge diversity on this island. The course was like a naturalist expedition, with a field laboratory and a classroom nearby. Early-career scientists and environmental managers were trained in sponge taxonomy. We gathered unpublished data and conducted an inventory at 13 coastal sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326049/the-use-of-subscores-in-higher-education-when-is-this-useful
#2
Rob R Meijer, Anja J Boevé, Jorge N Tendeiro, Roel J Bosker, Casper J Albers
Assessment in higher education is challenging because teachers face more students, with less contact time as compared to primary and secondary education. Therefore, teachers and management are often interested in efficient ways of giving students diagnostic feedback and providing information on the basis of subscores is one method that is often used in large-scale standardized testing. In this article we discuss some recent psychometric literature that warns against the use of subscores in addition to the use of total scores...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322509/teaching-medical-students-about-cost-effectiveness
#3
Mark Iscoe, Robert Lord, John Schulz, David Lee, Danelle Cayea, Amit Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Rising and burdensome health care costs have driven interest in the practice of high-value care (HVC) and have inspired calls for increased HVC training across all levels of medical education, including among undergraduate medical students. CONTEXT: Classroom-based HVC curricula targeted to medical students have not been previously described in the medical literature. INNOVATION: We developed and evaluated a workshop comprising a lecture, a small-group exercise and a group discussion to instruct medical students on interpreting cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA), applying CEA to patient care and discussing the cost of care with patients...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260822/vietnam-as-a-case-example-of-school-based-mental-health-services-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-efficacy-and-effects-of-risk-status
#4
Hoang-Minh Dang, Bahr Weiss, Cao Minh Nguyen, Nam Tran, Amie Pollack
The purposes of this study were to (a) assess the efficacy of a universal classroom-based mental health and social skills program for primary school students in Vietnam, and (b) given the universal nature of the intervention, assess outcomes as a function of risk status (high vs. low). RECAP-VN is a semi-structured program that provides students with classroom social skills training, and teachers with in-classroom consultation on program implementation and classroom-wide behavior management. Project data were collected at three time-points across the academic year from 443 2(nd) grade students in regards to their social skills and mental health functioning, in the Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Danang...
February 2017: School Psychology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254162/noise-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-an-exploratory-survey
#5
Shireen M Kanakri, Mardelle Shepley, James W Varni, Louis G Tassinary
BACKGROUND: With more students being educated in schools for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) than ever before, architects and interior designers need to consider the environmental features that may be modified to enhance the academic and social success of autistic students in school. AIM: This study explored existing empirical research on the impact of noise on children with ASD and provides recommendations regarding design features that can contribute to noise reduction...
February 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252908/the-experience-of-educational-quality-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-phenomenological-study
#6
Loreana Macale, Ercole Vellone, Gennaro Scialò, Mauro Iossa, Elena Cristofori, Rosaria Alvaro
AIM: The evaluation of academic education has become crucial in the European Union since the Bologna Process encouraged all European universities to reach high quality standards in education. Although several studies have been conducted on the quality of undergraduate nursing education, few studies have explored this topic from the students' perspective. The purpose of this study was to describe the experience of educational quality in undergraduate nursing students. METHOD: The phenomenological method was used to study 55 students (mean age 24 years; 73% female) pursuing a baccalaureate degree in nursing in three universities in central Italy...
October 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252549/enhancing-interprofessional-education-with-team-based-learning
#7
Marijean Buhse, Carol Della Ratta
Interprofessional education (IPE) has gained momentum across health profession schools in simulation and clinical settings. Exploring interprofessional experiences in the classroom setting may further enhance collaborative skills while advancing clinical knowledge. The authors describe an innovative approach to IPE to teach chronic care concepts to graduate nursing, physician assistant, and public health students. Enhancing IPE with a team-based learning approach resulted in improved knowledge of chronic care management, student perceptions of mutual respect, and perceived development of communication and teamwork skills...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230693/a-plant-based-nutrition-program
#8
Joanne Evans, Alexandra Magee, Kathy Dickman, Rebecca Sutter, Caroline Sutter
: Proper nutrition is an important but often overlooked component of preventive care and disease management. Following a plant-based diet in particular has been shown to have dramatic effects on health and well-being in a relatively short period of time. For this reason, nurses at three faculty-led community health clinics participated in a nutrition educational program, following a plant-based diet for 21 days. They sought to improve their knowledge of plant-based nutrition and experience firsthand the benefits of such a diet...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208999/experience-from-classroom-teaching-to-clinical-practice-regarding-shortened-dental-arch-sda-concept-among-dentists-a-questionnaire-study
#9
Ritu Gupta, Ravneet Malhi, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Chandrasheker Janakiram, Venisha Pandita, Monika Prasad, Jishnu Krishna Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and dental caries are the common oral conditions which cause loss of teeth, mostly molars. This further leads to Shortening of Dental Arch and Shortened Dental Arch (SDA) concept provides the overall requirements of functional dentition at reduced cost without compromising the health. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards SDA concept among dentists of Ghaziabad city (Uttar Pradesh, India)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196566/using-high-fidelity-simulation-scenarios-in-the-classroom-to-engage-learners
#10
Stephanie Turner, Leslie G Cole
It is well known that active teaching strategies improve student learning outcomes. By using simulation scenarios as a tool to teach systematic decision making in the classroom, faculty allow a large group of students to develop abstract thinking and gain experience in a setting that has traditionally delivered information in a linear format. This article will describe the process of using a high-fidelity simulation scenario as an unfolding case study to teach students how to manage and care for a patient.
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#11
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179722/student-perceptions-of-learning-through-an-international-comparison
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Phillip Woods, Jason Perepelkin, Amary Mey, Rodney Gapp, Michelle King
Objective. To broaden pharmacy students' international perspectives through a teaching and learning method involving international comparison. Design. Four topics within a pharmacy law and practice course were taught in-person by collaborating faculty members representing two international perspectives (Australian and Canadian). The assessed learning objective was for students to be able to synthesize an international comparative analysis that reflected an international perspective. Assessment. Approximately 70% (n=44) of the class completed an online survey instrument that explored students' perceptions of their own learning...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153001/qualitative-process-evaluation-of-an-australian-alcohol-media-literacy-study-recommendations-for-designing-culturally-responsive-school-based-programs
#13
Chloe S Gordon, Lisa K Kervin, Sandra C Jones, Steven J Howard
BACKGROUND: Alcohol media literacy programs seek to mitigate the potentially harmful effects of alcohol advertising on children's drinking intentions and behaviours through equipping them with skills to challenge media messages. In order for such programs to be effective, the teaching and learning experiences must be tailored to their specific cultural context. Media in the Spotlight is an alcohol media literacy program aimed at 9 to 12 year old Australian children. This study evaluates the process and implementation of the program, outlining the factors that facilitated and inhibited implementation...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150993/a-longitudinal-study-of-teachers-occupational-well-being-applying-the-job-demands-resources-model
#14
Theresa Dicke, Ferdinand Stebner, Christina Linninger, Mareike Kunter, Detlev Leutner
The job demands-resources model (JD-R model; Bakker & Demerouti, 2014) is well established in occupational research, and the proposed processes it posits have been replicated numerous times. Thus, the JD-R model provides an excellent framework for explaining the occupational well-being of beginning teachers-an occupation associated with particularly high levels of strain and consequently, high attrition rates. However, the model's assumptions have to date mostly been tested piecewise, and seldom on the basis of longitudinal models...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141717/behavioral-changes-associated-with-a-disruptive-new-student-in-the-classroom
#15
Julie Stein OʼBrien, Howard Taras, Scott Barton, Pete Sellick, Martin T Stein
Marcus is a 10-year-old boy who was followed by his pediatrician for several years. She knows him as a socially engaged, active athlete, playing soccer and baseball, out-going, and a good student. He has been in good health without a significant medical history.At the beginning of this academic year, a new student was placed in Marcus's fourth grade class. This student is disruptive, impulsive, and abusive. He has frequent violent outbursts, yelling, kicking, and throwing objects, including recently throwing a desk across the room...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141715/-when-the-prescription-pad-is-not-enough-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-management-2-0
#16
Jenny Radesky, Arathi Reddy, Naomi Steiner, Marilyn Augustyn
Jose is a 13-year-old boy who presents to his primary care provider after struggling in school for many years. When he was in the first grade, he was diagnosed at a tertiary center with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Multiple medication trials have produced few benefits and many side effects including poor sleep, morbid thoughts, lack of motivation, and, according to his parents, "he seemed like a robot."He comes now for his annual physical in April, and the parents tell you that the school is threatening that he be retained in the seventh grade...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129090/geriatric-education-utilizing-a-palliative-care-framework
#17
Beverly Lunsford, Laurie Posey
The dramatic growth of persons over 65 and the increased incidence of multiple, chronic illness has resulted in the need for more comprehensive healthcare. Geriatrics and palliative care are medical specialties pertinent to elderly, yet neither completely addresses the needs of older adults with chronic illness. Interprofessional faculty developed Geriatric Education Using a Palliative Care Framework (GEPaC) to teach an integrated approach to care. Interactive online modules use a variety of instructional methods, including case-based interactive questions, audio-visual presentations, reflective questions, and scenario-based tests...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122584/are-we-failing-young-people-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neets-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-re-engagement-interventions
#18
Lauren Mawn, Emily J Oliver, Nasima Akhter, Clare L Bambra, Carole Torgerson, Chris Bridle, Helen J Stain
BACKGROUND: Youth comprise 40% of the world's unemployed, a status associated with adverse wellbeing and social, health, and economic costs. This systematic review and meta-analysis review synthesises the literature on the effectiveness of interventions targeting young people not in employment, education, or training (NEET). METHODS: Randomised and quasi-randomised trials with a concurrent or counterfactual control group and baseline equivalence are included. Cochrane collaboration tools are used to assess quality, and a narrative synthesis was undertaken...
January 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099036/another-generation-of-stigma-assessing-healthcare-student-perceptions-of-hiv-positive-patients-in-mwanza-tanzania
#19
Sahil Aggarwal, Debora H Lee, William B Minteer, Reece T H Fenning, Shella K Raja, Megan E Bernstein, Kaavya R Raman, Sean P Denny, Priya A Patel, Mark Lieber, Allison O Farfel, Catherine A Diamond
HIV-related stigma remains a persistent global health concern among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWA) in developing nations. The literature is lacking in studies about healthcare students' perceptions of PLWA. This study is the first effort to understand stigmatizing attitudes toward HIV-positive patients by healthcare students in Mwanza, Tanzania, not just those who will be directly treating patients but also those who will be indirectly involved through nonclinical roles, such as handling patient specimens and private health information...
February 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086875/learning-global-health-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-collaborative-intercultural-peer-group-activity-involving-medical-students-in-australia-and-indonesia
#20
Mark Ambrose, Linda Murray, Nicholas E Handoyo, Deif Tunggal, Nick Cooling
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in 'international classrooms' may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and Indonesia who participated in a reciprocal intercultural participatory peer e-learning activity (RIPPLE) in global health...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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