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Classroom management

Naomi A Hartley, Ellen Breen, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to document typical vocal health characteristics (including voice-related activities, behaviors, and symptomatology) of young adults attending college and to determine lifetime and point prevalence rates of voice disorders. Method: Undergraduates at University of Wisconsin-Madison completed an anonymous online survey detailing vocal use, symptomatology, impact, sociodemographics, and voice-related quality of life. Univariate analyses and multivariate regression models isolated risk factors for lifetime and point prevalence rates of a voice disorder...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Sabrina Schuck, Natasha Emmerson, Hadar Ziv, Penelope Collins, Sara Arastoo, Mark Warschauer, Francis Crinella, Kimberley Lakes
Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) receive approximately 80% of instruction in the general education classroom, where individualized behavioral management strategies may be difficult for teachers to consistently deliver. Mobile device apps provide promising platforms to manage behavior. This pilot study evaluated the utility of a web-based application (iSelfControl) designed to support classroom behavior management. iSelfControl prompted students every 'Center' (30-minutes) to self-evaluate using a universal token-economy classroom management system focused on compliance, productivity, and positive relationships...
2016: PloS One
Erin N Schoenfelder, Tyler Sasser
Although side effects and family concerns are common and long-term medication adherence is low, stimulant medications are a front-line treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychosocial treatments include classroom, family, and child-focused interventions that teach caregivers and teachers how to implement contingencies to shape behavior and provide children with skills to compensate for ADHD deficits. Such programs have a growing evidence-base and can be implemented alone or in conjunction with pharmacological treatments...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
Jonathan D Kibble, Christine Bellew, Abdo Asmar, Lisa Barkley
The goal of this review is to highlight the key elements needed to successfully deploy team-based learning (TBL) in any class, but especially in large enrolment classes, where smooth logistics are essential. The text is based on a lecture and workshop given at the American Physiological Society's Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, WI, in June 2016. After a short overview of the TBL method, its underpinning in learning theory, and a summary of current evidence for its effectiveness, we present two case studies from our own teaching practices in a new medical school...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Adam L Putnam, Victor W Sungkhasettee, Henry L Roediger
Every fall, thousands of college students begin their first college courses, often in large lecture settings. Many students, even those who work hard, flounder. What should students be doing differently? Drawing on research in cognitive psychology and our experience as educators, we provide suggestions about how students should approach taking a course in college. We discuss time management techniques, identify the ineffective study strategies students often use, and suggest more effective strategies based on research in the lab and the classroom...
September 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Peter M Nelson, Linda A Reddy, Christopher M Dudek, Adam J Lekwa
The present study examined the relationship between student and observer ratings of the class environment. More specifically, class responses on the Responsive Environmental Assessment for Classroom Teaching (REACT; Theodore J. Christ & Colleagues, 2015) were compared with observer ratings on the Classroom Strategies Assessment System-Observer Form (Reddy, Fabiano, & Dudek, 2013). This study included 38 teachers and 582 students from 5 high-poverty schools. Observational data were reported as discrepancy scores, which reflect the difference between the recommended frequency and observed frequency of specific instructional and behavioral management strategies for classroom teachers...
September 29, 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
Melissa OʼConnor, Angelina Arcamone, Frances Amorim, Mary Beth Hoban, Regina M Boyd, Lauren Fowler, Theresa Marcelli, Jacalyn Smith, Kathleen Nassar, M Louise Fitzpatrick
Management and facilitation of care transitions from hospital to alternative settings requires skill and attention to avoid adverse events. Several interprofessional organizations and nurse leaders have called for the expansion and redesign of undergraduate nursing curricula to include care transitions. Yet there is little evidence describing how undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students are educated on this critical topic or how successful they are in improving student knowledge about care transitions. To address this gap, an in-classroom and clinical experience was implemented to prepare students to manage and facilitate care transitions from the hospital to alternative settings-including the home...
October 2016: Home Healthcare Now
Daniela Pantani, Raquel Peltzer, Mariana Cremonte, Katherine Robaina, Thomas Babor, Ilana Pinsky
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To 1) identify, monitor and analyze the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices of the alcohol industry in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and 2) examine whether the alcohol industry is using these actions to market their products and brands. METHODS: Nine health experts from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay conducted a content analysis of 218 CSR activities using a standardized protocol. A content rating procedure was used to evaluate the marketing potential of CSR activities as well as their likely population reach and effectiveness...
September 23, 2016: Addiction
Deborah Salani, Laura Dean Albuja, Khitam Azaiza
This article will review an innovative on-line preimmersion course for a hybrid doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program and a traditional face-to-face doctor of philosophy nursing program. The doctoral candidates include both postbaccalaureate and postmaster's students. The authors of the preimmersion course developed and initiated the course in order to address various issues that have surfaced in discussions between students and faculty. Examples of common themes identified include writing skills, statistics, life-work-school balance, and navigating instructional technology...
September 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Danielle M Graff, Kerry S Caperell
There is a new emphasis on the team approach to pediatric concussion management, particularly in the classroom. However, it is expected that educators are unfamiliar with the "Returning to Learning" recommendations. The authors' primary objective was to assess and improve high school educators' knowledge regarding concussions and management interventions using an online education tool. A total of 247 high school educators completed a 12 question pretest to assess core knowledge of concussions and classroom management followed by a 20-minute online literature-based education module...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Elise T Pas, Stacy R Johnson, Kristine E Larson, Linda Brandenburg, Robin Church, Catherine P Bradshaw
Most approaches aiming to reduce behavior problems among youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on individual students; however, school personnel also need professional development to better support students. This study targeted teachers' skill development to promote positive outcomes for students with ASD. The sample included 19 teachers in two non-public special education settings serving students with moderate to severe ASD. Participating teachers received professional development and coaching in classroom management, with guided practice in a mixed-reality simulator...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Jed D Gonzalo, Catherine Lucey, Terry Wolpaw, Anna Chang
To ensure physician readiness for practice and leadership in changing health systems, an emerging three-pillar framework for undergraduate medical education integrates the biomedical and clinical sciences with health systems science, which includes population health, health care policy, and interprofessional teamwork. However, the partnerships between medical schools and health systems that are commonplace today use health systems as a substrate for learning. Educators need to transform the relationship between medical schools and health systems...
August 30, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
P Devillier, J Bousquet, H Salvator, E Naline, S Grassin-Delyle, O de Beaumont
BACKGROUND: The impact of grass pollen-induced allergic rhinitis (AR) on classroom/work productivity and activities can be assessed with a specific instrument: the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire plus Classroom Impairment Questions: Allergy Specific (WPAI-AS). This study evaluated the relationships between the WPAI-AS and other outcome measures in AR. METHODS: Adolescents (aged 12-17) and adults (aged 18-65) consulting specialists for AR were enrolled in a four-week, multicentre, observational study...
August 26, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
George S Han, Christopher J Gregory, Brad J Biggerstaff, Kalanthe Horiuchi, Carmen Perez-Guerra, Eunice Soto-Gomez, Desiree Matos, Harold S Margolis, Kay M Tomashek
BACKGROUND:  Prior to 2010, the clinical management of dengue in Puerto Rico was inconsistent with World Health Organization guidelines. A 4-hour classroom-style course on dengue clinical management was developed in 2009 and mandated for Puerto Rico medical licensure in 2010. Fifty physicians were trained as "master trainers" and gave this course to 7638 physicians. This study evaluated the effect of the course on the clinical management of hospitalized dengue patients. METHODS:  Pre- and post-course test responses were compared...
August 8, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Dana R Martin, Susan B Furr, Susan Hayes Lane, Martha Bramlett
AIM: The purpose of this article is to address ways in which a nursing faculty can build nursing leadership competencies into a nursing programme. This article describes the use of simulation as a compelling learning strategy. BACKGROUND: Nurses need to be prepared to meet the demands of mass casualty events. With the growing need for major incident training, leadership competency development is a critical gap in the literature. EVALUATION: A collaborative simulation was used to help students apply classroom knowledge...
July 28, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Keith C Herman, Wendy M Reinke
For children with the most serious and persistent academic and behavior problems, parent involvement in education, particularly teacher perceptions of involvement, is essential to avert their expected long-term negative outcomes. Despite the widespread interest in and perceived importance of parent involvement in education, however, few experimental studies have evaluated programs and practices to promote it. In this group randomized trial, we examined the effects of the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management program (IY TCM) on teacher perceptions of contact and comfort with parents...
July 21, 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
Claire Connolly Knox, Alan S Harris
Experiential learning allows students to step outside the classroom and into a community setting to integrate theory with practice, while allowing the community partner to reach goals or address needs within their organization. Emergency Management and Homeland Security scholars recognize the importance, and support the increased implementation, of this pedagogical method in the higher education curriculum. Yet challenges to successful implementation exist including limited resources and time. This longitudinal study extends the literature by detailing the evolution of a partnership between a university and office of emergency management in which a functional exercise is strategically integrated into an undergraduate course...
May 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Svenja Rieser, Alexander Naumann, Jasmin Decristan, Benjamin Fauth, Eckhard Klieme, Gerhard Büttner
BACKGROUND: In order for teaching to be successful, students need to be actively involved in learning. However, research on teaching effectiveness often neglects students' learning activities. Although it is assumed that effective teaching promotes the use of beneficial learning activities, empirical evidence for this connection is still limited. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the connection between effective teaching and reported learning activities. We hypothesize specific relations between a three-dimensional model of teaching quality (i...
July 18, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Jason H Davidow, Lisa Zaroogian, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera
Purpose: This clinical focus article highlights the need for future research involving ways to assist children who stutter in the classroom. Method: The 4 most commonly recommended strategies for teachers were found via searches of electronic databases and personal libraries of the authors. The peer-reviewed evidence for each recommendation was subsequently located and detailed. Results: There are varying amounts of evidence for the 4 recommended teacher strategies outside of the classroom, but there are no data for 2 of the strategies, and minimal data for the others, in a classroom setting...
July 15, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Martin Whiting
For a constructively aligned curriculum in veterinary professionalism, there is a need for well-designed higher order learning outcomes to support students' professional identity formation. A lack of uniformly accepted definitions of veterinary professionalism necessitates the defining and refining of current concepts of professionalism to inform teaching and assessment. A potential method for achieving such learning outcomes is to generate these from simulated professionalism teaching scenarios. A workshop was designed in which veterinary educators used role play to resolve a professional dilemma...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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