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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914164/the-danish-national-youth-study-2014-study-design-population-characteristics-and-non-response-analysis
#1
Veronica Pisinger, Stine Schou Mikkelsen, Pernille Bendtsen, Kia Kejlskov Egan, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
AIMS: This paper aims to give a description of the Danish National Youth Study 2014 in terms of study design, study population and questionnaire content. The differences between participants and non-participants regarding socioeconomic characteristics are also described. METHODS: The Danish National Youth Study 2014 was a web-based survey with data collected through self-completion questionnaires administered in the classroom. There were two questionnaires: one for students, with >250 core questions; and one for school leaders on the school environment...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914160/making-boundaries-great-again-essentialism-and-support-for-boundary-enhancing-initiatives
#2
Steven O Roberts, Arnold K Ho, Marjorie Rhodes, Susan A Gelman
Psychological essentialism entails a focus on category boundaries (e.g., categorizing people as men or women) and an increase in the conceptual distance between those boundaries (e.g., accentuating the differences between men and women). Across eight studies, we demonstrate that essentialism additionally entails an increase in support for boundary-enhancing legislation, policies, and social services, and that it does so under conditions that disadvantage social groups, as well as conditions that benefit them...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#3
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910470/a-comparison-of-ventilation-rates-between-a-standard-bag-valve-mask-and-a-new-design-in-a-prehospital-setting-during-training-simulations
#4
Joseph T Costello, Paul B Allen, Robert Levesque
BACKGROUND: Excessive ventilation of sick and injured patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Combat Medical Systems® (CMS) is developing a new bag-valve-mask (BVM) designed to limit ventilation rates. The purpose of this study was to compare ventilation rates between a standard BVM device and the CMS device. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, semirandomized, crossover study using Army Medics. Data were collected during Brigade Combat Team Trauma Training classes at Camp Bullis, Texas...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904646/participation-in-a-year-long-cure-embedded-into-major-core-genetics-and-cellular-and-molecular-biology-laboratory-courses-results-in-gains-in-foundational-biological-concepts-and-experimental-design-skills-by-novice-undergraduate-researchers
#5
Marcy A Peteroy-Kelly, Matthew R Marcello, Erika Crispo, Zafir Buraei, Daniel Strahs, Marisa Isaacson, Leslie Jaworski, David Lopatto, David Zuzga
This two-year study describes the assessment of student learning gains arising from participation in a year-long curriculum consisting of a classroom undergraduate research experience (CURE) embedded into second-year, major core Genetics and Cellular and Molecular Biology (CMB) laboratory courses. For the first course in our CURE, students used micro-array or RNAseq analyses to identify genes important for environmental stress responses by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The students were tasked with creating overexpressing mutants of their genes and designing their own original experiments to investigate the functions of those genes using the overexpression and null mutants in the second CURE course...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902439/promoting-mastery-of-complex-biological-mechanisms
#6
William S Bradshaw, Kathryn J Groneman, Jennifer Nelson, John D Bell
This article describes efforts aimed at improving comprehension and retention of complex molecular mechanisms commonly studied in undergraduate biology and biochemistry courses. The focus is on the design of appropriate assessments, an active classroom emphasizing formative practice, and more effective out-of-class study habits. Assessments that require students to articulate their understanding through writing are the most effective. Frequent formative practice improves performance on problems that require intellectual transfer, the ability to apply conceptual principles in novel settings...
September 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900046/student-incivility-in-radiography-education
#7
Kevin R Clark
PURPOSE: To examine student incivility in radiography classrooms by exploring the prevalence of uncivil behaviors along with the classroom management strategies educators use to manage and prevent classroom disruptions. METHODS: A survey was designed to collect data on the severity and frequency of uncivil student behaviors, classroom management strategies used to address minor and major behavioral issues, and techniques to prevent student incivility. The participants were educators in radiography programs accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology...
July 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893075/classroom-acoustics-as-a-consideration-for-inclusive-education-in-south-africa
#8
Coralie Van Reenen, Catherine Karusseit
BACKGROUND: It can hardly be disputed that a school environment should be conducive or, at the very least, not prohibitive to effective learning. The provision of fair, equal and barrier-free access to education is referred to as inclusive education. South Africa supports a policy of inclusive schooling, striving to accommodate all children, including those with disabilities, in mainstream schools. This article sets out to prove that noise control in classrooms is a relevant, yet neglected, aspect of inclusive classroom design in South Africa and requires specific attention...
September 8, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883804/the-influences-of-emotion-on-learning-and-memory
#9
REVIEW
Chai M Tyng, Hafeez U Amin, Mohamad N M Saad, Aamir S Malik
Emotion has a substantial influence on the cognitive processes in humans, including perception, attention, learning, memory, reasoning, and problem solving. Emotion has a particularly strong influence on attention, especially modulating the selectivity of attention as well as motivating action and behavior. This attentional and executive control is intimately linked to learning processes, as intrinsically limited attentional capacities are better focused on relevant information. Emotion also facilitates encoding and helps retrieval of information efficiently...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876993/curricular-revision-and-reform-the-process-what-was-important-and-lessons-learned
#10
Jan E Ilkiw, Richard W Nelson, Johanna L Watson, Alan J Conley, Helen E Raybould, Munashe Chigerwe, Karen Boudreaux
Beginning in 2005, the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program at the University of California underwent major curricular review and reform. To provide information for others that follow, we have documented our process and commented on factors that were critical to success, as well as factors we found surprising, difficult, or problematic. The review and reform were initiated by the Executive Committee, who led the process and commissioned the committees. The planning stage took 6 years and involved four faculty committees, while the implementation stage took 5 years and was led by the Curriculum Committee...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873917/universal-design-across-the-curriculum-training-for-students-and-teachers
#11
Trish MacKeogh, James Hubbard, Kieran O'Callaghan
Providing an inclusive educational setting for children with disabilities is essential if they are to truly benefit from mainstream education. Universal design (UD) provides a framework to develop our classrooms, materials and methods to accommodate diverse learners and students with special educational needs without the need to retrofit or remove the student from the classroom. This paper outlines the theory and the approach of two training courses on Universal Design developed for teachers and students.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868936/perceptions-of-using-sit-to-stand-desks-in-a-middle-school-classroom
#12
Heather Erwin, Aaron Beighle, Ash Routen, Ben Montemayor
The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of sit-to-stand desks in a middle school classroom. Participants used sit-to-stand desks during health class. Momentary time sampling was used for physical activity and behavioral observations. Results indicate students sat 37%, stood 59%, and walked 4% of the time. Misbehaviors occurred 4% of the observed period. The following themes emerged: focus, freedom, distractions, and design. Sit-to-stand desks appear to encourage standing during instruction while simultaneously limiting misbehaviors...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865926/hazard-perception-training-in-young-bicyclists-improves-early-detection-of-risk-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Linus H R H Zeuwts, Pieter Vansteenkiste, Frederik J A Deconinck, Greet Cardon, Matthieu Lenoir
INTRODUCTION: Since child bicyclists are more likely to get involved in a traffic crash, there is a stringent need to provide child bicyclists with tailored interventions in order to enhance their capabilities to deal with the complexity of traffic situations. The current study therefore aimed to test the effectiveness of a hazard anticipation training in young bicyclists by means of eye tracking technology. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled design was used in which participating schools were randomly assigned to the intervention or the control group...
August 31, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864789/improving-dental-students-long-term-retention-of-pharmacy-knowledge-with-medication-minutes
#14
Adam M Persky, Michael A Wells, Kimberly A Sanders, Jim Fiordalisi, Christine Downey, Heidi N Anksorus
A major challenge in foundational science courses in dental curricula is the application of information from the classroom to a clinical setting. To bridge this gap, the aim of this study was to increase students' learning in a foundational pharmacology course through increasing clinical relevance and using formative assessment. Second-year dental students in an introductory pharmacology course were presented material in a traditional basic science lecture format and in brief examples of pharmacy-generated clinical content (Medication Minutes)...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858768/making-the-most-of-person-centred-education-by-integrating-flipped-and-simulated-teaching-an-exploratory-study
#15
Annette Saunders, Rosy Green, Merylin Cross
Preparing a person-centred nursing workforce to work in diverse settings is a global health priority. Nursing students' first placement experience is a key transitional moment that shapes professional understanding and motivation to become a nurse. This paper reports the outcomes of combining flipped and simulated learning to enhance nursing students' understanding of person-centred care, the professional nursing role and preparation for placement. The study design was exploratory, the setting, an undergraduate nursing program in an Australian University...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857269/flipped-classroom-or-an-active-lecture
#16
James D Pickering, David J H Roberts
Recent changes in anatomy education have seen the introduction of flipped classrooms as a replacement to the traditional didactic lecture. This approach utilizes the increasing availability of digital technology to create learning resources that can be accessed prior to attending class, with face-to-face sessions then becoming more student-centered via discussion, collaborative learning and problem-solving activities. Although this approach may appear intuitive, this viewpoint commentary presents a counter opinion and highlights a simple alternative that utilizes evidence-based active learning approaches as part of the traditional lecture...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854313/training-peer-partners-to-use-a-speech-generating-device-with-classmates-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-exploring-communication-outcomes-across-preschool-contexts
#17
Kathy S Thiemann-Bourque, Sara McGuff, Howard Goldstein
Purpose: This study examined effects of a peer-mediated intervention that provided training on the use of a speech-generating device for preschoolers with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and peer partners. Method: Effects were examined using a multiple probe design across 3 children with ASD and limited to no verbal skills. Three peers without disabilities were taught to Stay, Play, and Talk using a GoTalk 4+ (Attainment Company) and were then paired up with a classmate with ASD in classroom social activities...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854281/education-of-staff-in-preschool-aged-classrooms-in-child-care-centers-and-child-outcomes-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#18
Olesya Falenchuk, Michal Perlman, Evelyn McMullen, Brooke Fletcher, Prakesh S Shah
Staff education is considered key to quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC) programs. However, findings about associations between staff education and children's outcomes have been inconsistent. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of associations between ECEC staff education and child outcomes. Searches of Medline, PsycINFO, and ERIC, websites of large datasets and reference sections of all retrieved articles were conducted. Eligible studies provided a statistical link between staff education and child outcomes for preschool-aged children in ECEC programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853131/implementation-of-a-peer-mediated-health-education-model-in-the-united-arab-emirates-addressing-risky-behaviours-among-expatriate-adolescents
#19
Zachary D Stanley, Leena W Asfour, Michael Weitzman, Scott E Sherman
Tobacco use among young people is increasing in the United Arab Emirates, and the country is ranked 15th in the world for prevalence of type II diabetes. Expatriates comprise a majority of the population, making them an important subset to study. We aimed to test whether an educational intervention would be effective in this cultural setting. We designed 2 peer-to-peer health workshops: tobacco use and nutrition/physical activity. One workshop was randomly assigned to 18 classrooms in private schools in Abu Dhabi...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851676/engaging-adolescents-to-inform-the-development-of-a-mobile-gaming-app-to-incentivize-physical-activity
#20
Lizzy Pope, Bernice Garnett, Marguerite Dibble
BACKGROUND: Involving youth in the development of a mobile game designed to increase physical activity may increase relevancy and adoption. OBJECTIVE: To share the development process used to create a gaming app aimed at incentivizing physical activity in high school students. METHODS: Five focus groups were conducted with high school students (N=50) to understand gaming behaviors. A subset of students from the focus groups chose to complete a Web-based survey (N=10)...
August 29, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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