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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719603/the-%C3%A2-100-lab-a-3d-printable-open-source-platform-for-fluorescence-microscopy-optogenetics-and-accurate-temperature-control-during-behaviour-of-zebrafish-drosophila-and-caenorhabditis-elegans
#1
Andre Maia Chagas, Lucia L Prieto-Godino, Aristides B Arrenberg, Tom Baden
Small, genetically tractable species such as larval zebrafish, Drosophila, or Caenorhabditis elegans have become key model organisms in modern neuroscience. In addition to their low maintenance costs and easy sharing of strains across labs, one key appeal is the possibility to monitor single or groups of animals in a behavioural arena while controlling the activity of select neurons using optogenetic or thermogenetic tools. However, the purchase of a commercial solution for these types of experiments, including an appropriate camera system as well as a controlled behavioural arena, can be costly...
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701964/teaching-quality-in-math-class-the-development-of-a-scale-and-the-analysis-of-its-relationship-with-engagement-and-achievement
#2
Jaime Leon, Elena Medina-Garrido, Juan L Núñez
Math achievement and engagement declines in secondary education; therefore, educators are faced with the challenge of engaging students to avoid school failure. Within self-determination theory, we address the need to assess comprehensively student perceptions of teaching quality that predict engagement and achievement. In study one we tested, in a sample of 548 high school students, a preliminary version of a scale to assess nine factors: teaching for relevance, acknowledge negative feelings, participation encouragement, controlling language, optimal challenge, focus on the process, class structure, positive feedback, and caring...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690433/recognition-without-words-using-taste-to-explore-survival-processing
#3
Henry L Hallock, Heather D Garman, Shaun P Cook, Shawn P Gallagher
Many educational demonstrations of memory and recall employ word lists and number strings; items that lend themselves to semantic organization and "chunking." By applying taste recall to the adaptive memory paradigm, which evaluates memory from a survival-based evolutionary perspective, we have developed a simple, inexpensive exercise that defies mnemonic strategies. Most adaptive memory studies have evaluated recall of words encountered while imagining survival and non-survival scenarios. Here, we've left the lexical domain and hypothesized that taste memory, as measured by recognition, would be best when acquisition occurs under imagined threat of personal harm, namely poisoning...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681994/creating-3d-physical-models-to-probe-student-understanding-of-macromolecular-structure
#4
A Kat Cooper, M T Oliver-Hoyo
The high degree of complexity of macromolecular structure is extremely difficult for students to process. Students struggle to translate the simplified two-dimensional representations commonly used in biochemistry instruction to three-dimensional aspects crucial in understanding structure-property relationships. We designed four different physical models to address student understanding of electrostatics and noncovalent interactions and their relationship to macromolecular structure. In this study, we have tested these models in classroom settings to determine if these models are effective in engaging students at an appropriate level of difficulty and focusing student attention on the principles of electrostatic attractions...
July 6, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679573/the-effect-of-flipped-teaching-combined-with-modified-team-based-learning-on-student-performance-in-physiology
#5
Chaya Gopalan, Megan C Klann
Flipped classroom is a hybrid educational format that shifts guided teaching out of class, thus allowing class time for student-centered learning. Although this innovative teaching format is gaining attention, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of flipped teaching on student performance. We compared student performance and student attitudes toward flipped teaching with that of traditional lectures using a partial flipped study design. Flipped teaching expected students to have completed preclass material, such as assigned reading, instructor-prepared lecture video(s), and PowerPoint slides...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675941/implementing-a-manualized-classroom-transition-intervention-for-students-with-asd-in-underresourced-schools
#6
Suzannah Iadarola, Wendy Shih, Michelle Dean, Erica Blanch, Robin Harwood, Susan Hetherington, David Mandell, Connie Kasari, Tristram Smith
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in public education settings experience difficulties with transitions during classroom routines, which can result in challenging behavior. Single-subject research supports techniques for transitions, but school-based approaches often require resources and training unavailable in low-resource districts, limiting implementation. We developed and evaluated the Schedules, Tools, and Activities for Transitions (STAT) program, a short-term, manualized intervention of behavioral supports to support daily routine transitions for students with ASD (K-5) in underresourced districts...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668551/crossing-the-line-college-students-and-academic-integrity-in-nursing
#7
Margaret W Bultas, Ashley D Schmuke, Renée L Davis, Janice L Palmer
BACKGROUND: Researchers have shown a relationship between academic integrity in the classroom and acts of dishonest behavior in the clinical setting which is concerning for nursing faculty and the health care field. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the attitudes toward academic integrity and the frequency of behaviors related to academic dishonesty in nursing and non-nursing students at a religiously affiliated institution. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, descriptive design was used to collect data regarding the knowledge, behavior, perceptions, and attitudes related to academic integrity via an online survey...
June 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662616/facilitation-of-creative-performance-by-using-blue-and-red-accent-lighting-in-work-and-learning-areas
#8
Olga Kombeiz, Anna Steidle
Research has shown that colours influence motivation and cognitive performance. In achievement contexts, red evokes avoidance motivation that hinders creativity, while blue elicits an approach motivation that facilitates creativity. However, due to their position and mode of presentation, colours may convey a different message. Red accent lighting creates a cosy, friendly room atmosphere that may, even in an achievement context, elicit an approach rather than an avoidance motivation. Results (N = 146) showed that both blue and red accent light increased strategic approach motivation compared to white accent light...
June 30, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654815/flipping-around-the-classroom-accelerated-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-students-satisfaction-and-achievement
#9
Majeda M El-Banna, Malinda Whitlow, Angela M McNelis
BACKGROUND: The flipped classroom approach is based on shared responsibility for learning by students and teachers, and empowers students to take an active role in the learning process. While utilization of this approach has resulted in higher exam scores compared to traditional approaches in prior studies, the flipped classroom has not included learners in Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing (ABSN) programs. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences on exam scores and satisfaction of teaching between a 3-week flipped and traditional classroom approach...
September 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646975/impact-of-incredible-years%C3%A2-on-teacher-perceptions-of-parental-involvement-a-latent-transition-analysis
#10
Aaron M Thompson, Keith C Herman, Melissa A Stormont, Wendy M Reinke, Carolyn Webster-Stratton
The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of the Incredible Years® Teacher Classroom Management (IY TCM) training on teacher perceptions of parental involvement. A cluster randomized design was used to assign 42 classroom teachers to either an IY TCM training (n=19) or a control condition (n=23). Teachers rated parental involvement (i.e., bonding with teacher, parental involvement at school) for the families of 805 low income students (IY TCM=504, control=301). A latent profile transition analysis framework was used to model the effect of IY TCM on teacher perceptions of parental involvement from pre to posttest...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640200/animal-assisted-interventions-in-the-classroom-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Victoria L Brelsford, Kerstin Meints, Nancy R Gee, Karen Pfeffer
The inclusion of animals in educational practice is becoming increasingly popular, but it is unclear how solid the evidence for this type of intervention is. The aim of this systematic review is to scrutinise the empirical research literature relating to animal-assisted interventions conducted in educational settings. The review included 25 papers; 21 from peer-reviewed journals and 4 obtained using grey literature databases. Most studies reported significant benefits of animal-assisted interventions in the school setting...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639980/improving-student-receptivity-to-abortion-care-education
#12
Pat Mahaffee Gingrich
Letting nursing students develop resilience in the presence of moral complexity improves compassionate patient care for women contemplating abortion. Nursing education needs to include quality materials on abortion care in order to create educated providers and citizens. Some students are resistant or conflicted about this topic. A preclass optional, anonymous survey allows students the opportunity to voice concerns about this sensitive topic and guides the instructor in designing class materials. Resulting classroom dialogue is less heated and more collegial, enabling students to examine and process this complex professional practice issue and practice navigating ethical dilemmas...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#13
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630698/physical-activity-in-the-classroom-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-a-pilot-study-in-santiago-chile
#14
Francisco Mardones, Pilar Arnaiz, Johana Soto-Sánchez, Juana Saavedra, Angélica Domínguez, Jaime Rozowski, Laura Iriarte, Jennifer Cantwell Wood
This paper describes a 4-month pilot study that tested the suitability of a physical activity intervention for first graders (children aged 6 and 7 years) in a public school in Santiago, Chile. Teachers were trained to deliver the programme in the classroom during the school day. Teachers were surveyed to determine if this intervention fit within their curriculum and classroom routines and they reported in a focus group that it was suitable for them. All children actively participated in the programme and positive changes in their attitudes towards physical activity were observed by their teachers...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630519/strategies-for-improving-learner-metacognition-in-health-professional-education
#15
REVIEW
Melissa S Medina, Ashley N Castleberry, Adam M Persky
Metacognition is an essential skill in critical thinking and self-regulated, lifelong learning. It is important for learners to have skills in metacognition because they are used to monitor and regulate reasoning, comprehension, and problem-solving, which are fundamental components/outcomes of pharmacy curricula. Instructors can help learners develop metacognitive skills within the classroom and experiential setting by carefully designing learning activities within courses and the curriculum. These skills are developed through intentional questioning, modeling techniques, and reflection...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619649/the-school-inner-city-asthma-intervention-study-design-rationale-methods-and-lessons-learned
#16
Wanda Phipatanakul, Petros Koutrakis, Brent A Coull, Choong-Min Kang, Jack M Wolfson, Stephen T Ferguson, Carter R Petty, Mihail Samnaliev, Amparito Cunningham, William J Sheehan, Jonathan M Gaffin, Sachin N Baxi, Peggy S Lai, Perdita Permaul, Liming Liang, Peter S Thorne, Gary Adamkiewicz, Kasey J Brennan, Andrea A Baccarelli, Diane R Gold
Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States, causes significant morbidity, particularly in the inner-city, and accounts for billions of dollars in health care utilization. Home environments are established sources of exposure that exacerbate symptoms and home-based interventions are effective. However, elementary school children spend 7 to 12h a day in school, primarily in one classroom. From the observational School Inner-City Asthma Study we learned that student classroom-specific exposures are associated with worsening asthma symptoms and decline in lung function...
June 12, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616994/direct-training-to-improve-educators-treatment-integrity-a-systematic-review-of-single-case-design-studies
#17
Lindsay M Fallon, Kathryn D Kurtz, Marlana R Mueller
In consultation, school psychologists may offer educators direct training to support the implementation of classroom interventions aimed to improve student outcomes. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review of single-case design research studies during which educators received direct training to implement a classroom intervention, specifically instructions, modeling, practice, and feedback. Two doctoral students in school psychology screened 228 articles and evaluated 33 studies to determine if direct training is effective and an evidence-based practice per single-case design standards proposed by the What Works Clearinghouse...
June 15, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614843/elementary-school-teachers-vocal-dose-muscle-bioenergetics-and-training-implications
#18
Audrey G Smith, Mary J Sandage, David D Pascoe, Laura W Plexico, Italo R Lima, Guanqun Cao
Purpose: Translating exercise-science methodology for determination of muscle bioenergetics, we hypothesized that the temporal voice-use patterns for classroom and music teachers would indicate a reliance on the immediate energy system for laryngeal skeletal-muscle metabolism. It was hypothesized that the music-teacher group would produce longer voiced segments than the classroom teachers. Method: Using a between- and within-group multivariate analysis-of-variance design (5 classroom teachers; 7 music teachers), we analyzed fundamental-frequency data-collected via an ambulatory phonation monitor-for length (seconds) of voiced and nonvoiced intervals...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608919/classroom-and-school-predictors-of-civic-engagement-among-black-and-latino-middle-school-youth
#19
Robert J Jagers, Fantasy T Lozada, Deborah Rivas-Drake, Casta Guillaume
This study used short-term longitudinal data to examine the contributions of democratic teaching practices (e.g., the Developmental Designs approach) and equitable school climate to civic engagement attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among 515 Black and Latino middle school students (47.9% male). Concurrent experiences of democratic homeroom and classroom practices, and equitable school climate were associated with higher scores on each civic engagement component. The relation between classroom practices and civic attitudes was more robust when school climate was seen as more equitable...
June 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604023/concurrent-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-direct-behavior-rating-single-item-scales-dbr-sis-within-an-elementary-sample
#20
Rhonda L Smith, Katie Eklund, Stephen P Kilgus
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concurrent validity, sensitivity to change, and teacher acceptability of Direct Behavior Rating single-item scales (DBR-SIS), a brief progress monitoring measure designed to assess student behavioral change in response to intervention. Twenty-four elementary teacher-student dyads implemented a daily report card intervention to promote positive student behavior during prespecified classroom activities. During both baseline and intervention, teachers completed DBR-SIS ratings of 2 target behaviors (i...
June 12, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
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