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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909030/the-college-science-learning-cycle-an-instructional-model-for-reformed-teaching
#1
Michelle Withers
Finding the time for developing or locating new class materials is one of the biggest barriers for instructors reforming their teaching approaches. Even instructors who have taken part in training workshops may feel overwhelmed by the task of transforming passive lecture content to engaging learning activities. Learning cycles have been instrumental in helping K-12 science teachers design effective instruction for decades. This paper introduces the College Science Learning Cycle adapted from the popular Biological Sciences Curriculum Study 5E to help science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty develop course materials to support active, student-centered teaching approaches in their classrooms...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909018/does-the-room-matter-active-learning-in-traditional-and-enhanced-lecture-spaces
#2
Jon R Stoltzfus, Julie Libarkin
SCALE-UP-type classrooms, originating with the Student-Centered Active Learning Environment with Upside-down Pedagogies project, are designed to facilitate active learning by maximizing opportunities for interactions between students and embedding technology in the classroom. Positive impacts when active learning replaces lecture are well documented, both in traditional lecture halls and SCALE-UP-type classrooms. However, few studies have carefully analyzed student outcomes when comparable active learning-based instruction takes place in a traditional lecture hall and a SCALE-UP-type classroom...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896914/an-innovative-textbook-design-and-implementation
#3
Rafael Ortega, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Paul Barash, Sam Sharar, M Christine Stock
BACKGROUND: The 'flipped classroom' instructional strategy has gained much momentum in educational discourse, yet no single educational offering exists in postgraduate medical education (PME) to systematically replace the lecture element of didactic sessions. This article describes the design and implementation of Clinical Anesthesia Fundamentals, the first known textbook in PME addressing this gap in resources through the integration of full-length interactive multimedia-enhanced video lectures...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894249/brief-compression-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-video-and-simulation-with-homemade-mannequin-improves-cpr-skills
#4
Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H Greene
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fee; which can dissuade many potential bystanders from receiving training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching compression-only CPR to previously untrained individuals using our 6-min online CPR training video and skills practice on a homemade mannequin, reproduced by viewers with commonly available items (towel, toilet paper roll, t-shirt)...
November 29, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885976/negative-effect-of-acoustic-panels-on-listening-effort-in-a-classroom-environment
#5
Amyn M Amlani, Timothy A Russo
BACKGROUND: Acoustic panels are used to lessen the pervasive effects of noise and reverberation on speech understanding in a classroom environment. These panels, however, predominately absorb high-frequency energy important to speech understanding. Therefore, a classroom environment treated with acoustic panels might negatively influence the transmission of the target signal, resulting in an increase in listening effort exerted by the listener. PURPOSE: Acoustic panels were installed in a public school environment that did not meet the ANSI-recommended guidelines for classroom design...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884169/study-protocol-implementation-of-a-computer-assisted-intervention-for-autism-in-schools-a-hybrid-type-ii-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#6
Melanie Pellecchia, Rinad S Beidas, Steven C Marcus, Jessica Fishman, John R Kimberly, Carolyn C Cannuscio, Erica M Reisinger, Keiran Rump, David S Mandell
BACKGROUND: The number of children diagnosed with autism has rapidly outpaced the capacities of many public school systems to serve them, especially under-resourced, urban school districts. The intensive nature of evidence-based autism interventions, which rely heavily on one-to-one delivery, has caused schools to turn to computer-assisted interventions (CAI). There is little evidence regarding the feasibility, effectiveness, and implementation of CAI in public schools. While CAI has the potential to increase instructional time for students with autism, it may also result in unintended consequences such as reduction in the amount of interpersonal (as opposed to computerized) instruction students receive...
November 25, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875172/booc-io-an-education-system-with-hierarchical-concept-maps-and-dynamic-non-linear-learning-plans
#7
Michail Schwab, Hendrik Strobelt, James Tompkin, Colin Fredericks, Connor Huff, Dana Higgins, Anton Strezhnev, Mayya Komisarchik, Gary King, Hanspeter Pfister
Information hierarchies are difficult to express when real-world space or time constraints force traversing the hierarchy in linear presentations, such as in educational books and classroom courses. We present booc.io, which allows linear and non-linear presentation and navigation of educational concepts and material. To support a breadth of material for each concept, booc.io is Web based, which allows adding material such as lecture slides, book chapters, videos, and LTIs. A visual interface assists the creation of the needed hierarchical structures...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872332/estimates-of-intraclass-correlation-coefficients-and-other-design-parameters-for-studies-of-school-based-nutritional-interventions
#8
Randall Juras
INTRODUCTION: When cluster randomized trials are used to evaluate school-based nutritional interventions such as school lunch programs, design-stage estimates of the required sample size must take into account the correlation in outcomes among individuals within each cluster (e.g., classrooms, schools, or districts). Estimates of the necessary parameters have been carefully developed for educational interventions, but for nutritional interventions the literature is thin. METHODS: Using data from two large multi-school, multi-district impact evaluations conducted in the United States, this article calculates estimates of the design parameters required for sizing school-based nutritional studies...
November 20, 2016: Evaluation Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866501/promoting-children-s-learning-and-development-in-conflict-affected-countries-testing-change-process-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#9
J Lawrence Aber, Carly Tubbs, Catalina Torrente, Peter F Halpin, Brian Johnston, Leighann Starkey, Anjuli Shivshanker, Jeannie Annan, Edward Seidman, Sharon Wolf
Improving children's learning and development in conflict-affected countries is critically important for breaking the intergenerational transmission of violence and poverty. Yet there is currently a stunning lack of rigorous evidence as to whether and how programs to improve learning and development in conflict-affected countries actually work to bolster children's academic learning and socioemotional development. This study tests a theory of change derived from the fields of developmental psychopathology and social ecology about how a school-based universal socioemotional learning program, the International Rescue Committee's Learning to Read in a Healing Classroom (LRHC), impacts children's learning and development...
November 21, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866415/teachers-perceptions-of-implementation-of-aided-aac-to-support-expressive-communication-in-south-african-special-schools-a-pilot-investigation
#10
Kerstin M Tönsing, Shakila Dada
Although the provision of assistive technology for students with disabilities has been mandated in South African education policy documents, limited data are available on the implementation of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in classrooms. This pilot investigation used a concurrent mixed-methods survey design to determine the extent to which aided AAC was implemented to foster students' expressive communication in preschool to Grade 3 classrooms in special schools from six urban school districts in the Gauteng (the smallest, most affluent and most densely populated of the nine South African provinces), and also obtained teachers' perceptions of this process...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864370/acceptability-of-strategies-to-reduce-student-sitting-a-mixed-methods-study-with-college-teachers
#11
Hanna Laine, Vera Araújo-Soares, Ari Haukkala, Nelli Hankonen
Background As school days among adolescents include long periods of prolonged sitting, teachers are key agents to deliver interventions to reduce youth sedentary behavior. To develop an intervention, acceptability and feasibility of alternative strategies should be tested. We aimed to examine teachers' current use and willingness to use various strategies to decrease student sitting and potential barriers and facilitators of use. Method Mixed-methods design with college teachers using an online cross-sectional survey (n = 192) and focus group interviews (n = 13)...
November 18, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864051/individual-differences-in-speech-in-noise-perception-parallel-neural-speech-processing-and-attention-in-preschoolers
#12
Elaine C Thompson, Kali Woodruff Carr, Travis White-Schwoch, Sebastian Otto-Meyer, Nina Kraus
From bustling classrooms to unruly lunchrooms, school settings are noisy. To learn effectively in the unwelcome company of numerous distractions, children must clearly perceive speech in noise. In older children and adults, speech-in-noise perception is supported by sensory and cognitive processes, but the correlates underlying this critical listening skill in young children (3-5 year olds) remain undetermined. Employing a longitudinal design (two evaluations separated by ∼12 months), we followed a cohort of 59 preschoolers, ages 3...
November 15, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856547/validation-and-application-of-the-survey-of-teaching-beliefs-and-practices-for-undergraduates-step-u-identifying-factors-associated-with-valuing-important-workplace-skills-among-biology-students
#13
Gili Marbach-Ad, Carly Rietschel, Katerina V Thompson
We present a novel assessment tool for measuring biology students' values and experiences across their undergraduate degree program. Our Survey of Teaching Beliefs and Practices for Undergraduates (STEP-U) assesses the extent to which students value skills needed for the workplace (e.g., ability to work in groups) and their experiences with teaching practices purported to promote such skills (e.g., group work). The survey was validated through factor analyses in a large sample of biology seniors (n = 1389) and through response process analyses (five interviewees)...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845661/synteny-explorer-an-interactive-visualization-application-for-teaching-genome-evolution
#14
Chris Bryan, Gregory Guterman, Kwan-Liu Ma, Harris Lewin, Denis Larkin, Jaebum Kim, Jian Ma, Marta Farre
Rapid advances in biology demand new tools for more active research dissemination and engaged teaching. This paper presents Synteny Explorer, an interactive visualization application designed to let college students explore genome evolution of mammalian species. The tool visualizes synteny blocks: segments of homologous DNA shared between various extant species that can be traced back or reconstructed in extinct, ancestral species. We take a karyogram-based approach to create an interactive synteny visualization, leading to a more appealing and engaging design for undergraduate-level genome evolution education...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842475/evaluation-of-antistigma-interventions-with-sixth-grade-students-a-school-based-field-experiment
#15
Kirstin Painter, Jo C Phelan, Melissa J DuPont-Reyes, Kay F Barkin, Alice P Villatoro, Bruce G Link
OBJECTIVE: School-based interventions for preadolescents provide the opportunity, in a ubiquitous institutional setting, to attack stigmatizing attitudes before they are firmly entrenched, and thus they may reduce mental illness stigma in the overall population. This study evaluated the effectiveness of classroom-based interventions in reducing stigma and increasing understanding of mental illness and positive attitudes toward treatment seeking among sixth-grade students. METHODS: In an ethnically and racially diverse sample (N=721), 40% of participants were Latino, 26% were white, and 24% were African American; the mean age was 11...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831702/effects-of-a-classroom-intervention-with-spatial-play-materials-on-children-s-object-and-viewer-transformation-abilities
#16
Karin M Vander Heyden, Mariette Huizinga, Jelle Jolles
Children practice their spatial skills when playing with spatial toys, such as construction materials, board games, and puzzles. Sex and SES differences are observed in the engagement in such spatial play activities at home, which relate to individual differences in spatial performance. The current study investigated the effects of explicitly providing spatial play activities in the school setting on different types of spatial ability. We presented 8- to 10-year-old children with a short and easy-to-adopt classroom intervention comprising a set of different spatial play materials...
November 10, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825663/simulating-the-surgical-patient-pathway-for-undergraduates
#17
Neil Giblett, Rachel Rathore, David Carruthers
BACKGROUND: A changing National Health Service structure and a reduction in time available for teaching have led to the increasing tensions in both clinical and university settings, to deliver high-quality patient care, research, and teaching. This, coupled with the increasing emphasis placed on ensuring safe surgical practice, has resulted in a need for change in teaching methods. We have designed an innovative surgical teaching program that aims to overcome these difficulties, by providing undergraduate medical students with a simulated surgical patient pathway...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810870/implementation-of-a-collaborative-series-of-classroom-based-undergraduate-research-experiences-spanning-chemical-biology-biochemistry-and-neurobiology
#18
Jennifer R Kowalski, Geoffrey C Hoops, R Jeremy Johnson
Classroom undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) provide students access to the measurable benefits of undergraduate research experiences (UREs). Herein, we describe the implementation and assessment of a novel model for cohesive CUREs focused on central research themes involving faculty research collaboration across departments. Specifically, we implemented three collaborative CUREs spanning chemical biology, biochemistry, and neurobiology that incorporated faculty members' research interests and revolved around the central theme of visualizing biological processes like Mycobacterium tuberculosis enzyme activity and neural signaling using fluorescent molecules...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810633/a-smartphone-application-to-educate-undergraduate-nursing-students-about-providing-care-for-infant-airway-obstruction
#19
Shin-Jeong Kim, Hyewon Shin, Jungeun Lee, SoRa Kang, Robin Bartlett
PURPOSE: This study had two aims: (a) to develop a smartphone-based application and (b) to evaluate the effectiveness of the application by measuring nursing students' knowledge, skills, and confidence in simulated performance when providing that care. DESIGN: We conducted a randomized trial using a pre- and post-test design at a university in Korea. Seventy-three junior nursing students participated. METHODS: A smartphone-based app using a video was developed for the experimental group and one time lecture-based education was designed for the control group...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803204/flipping-the-classroom-assessment-of-strategies-to-promote-student-centered-self-directed-learning-in-a-dental-school-course-in-pediatric-dentistry
#20
Brenda S Bohaty, Gloria J Redford, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot
The aim of this study was to explore student and course director experiences with the redesign of a traditional lecture-based course into a flipped classroom for teaching didactic content in pediatric dentistry to second-year dental students. The study assessed student satisfaction, extent of student engagement, overall course grades, and course director satisfaction. The students enrolled in a flipped classroom pediatric dentistry course (spring semester 2014; SP14) were asked to complete pre- and post-course questionnaires to assess their perceptions of active learning, knowledge acquisition, and course satisfaction...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
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