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Classroom design

Lynn A Barnett
This longitudinal study identified degrees of playfulness in 278 kindergarten-aged children, and followed them through their next three school years to determine how playfulness was viewed by the children themselves, their classmates, and teachers. Perceptions of the social competence, disruptiveness, and labeling as the class clown, were assessed from all perspectives in each of first through third grades. Hierarchical linear modeling was conducted to account for the nesting of the data (children within classrooms within schools) and for the lack of independence between the measures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Khe Foon Hew, Chung Kwan Lo
BACKGROUND: The use of flipped classroom approach has become increasingly popular in health professions education. However, no meta-analysis has been published that specifically examines the effect of flipped classroom versus traditional classroom on student learning. This study examined the findings of comparative articles through a meta-analysis in order to summarize the overall effects of teaching with the flipped classroom approach. We focused specifically on a set of flipped classroom studies in which pre-recorded videos were provided before face-to-face class meetings...
March 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Louise Stjerne Knudsen, Thomas Skovgaard, Thomas Bredahl
INTRODUCTION: The benefits of physical activity for children's health, both mental and physical, and its positive effects on academic achievement are well established. Research also emphasises that schools could provide a natural setting for regular physical activity. There is, however, a limited amount of knowledge about teachers' views when it comes to integrating physical activity as part of teaching. The aim of this study is to understand teachers' motivation for integrating physical activity as part of teaching and to assess their need for guidance and support...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
William Darrow, Chintan Bhatt, Cassandra Rene, Lakisha Thomas
In January 2016, the first case of mosquito-borne Zika infection in the mainland United States was confirmed in Miami, Florida. The first locally acquired case was reported 6 months later. Local public health and school officials began warning students of the outbreak on their return to the classroom in August 2016. In November-December 2016, we conducted a survey of students attending a large public university in Miami to determine how well informed they were about Zika. A multistage sampling design was used to contact teaching assistants and ask them for help in recruiting their students...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
James F Burgess, Nir Menachemi, Matthew L Maciejewski
OBJECTIVE: To present revised core competencies for doctoral programs in health services research (HSR), modalities to deliver these competencies, and suggested methods for assessing mastery of these competencies. DATA SOURCES AND DATA COLLECTION: Core competencies were originally developed in 2005, updated (but unpublished) in 2008, modestly updated for a 2016 HSR workforce conference, and revised based on feedback from attendees. Additional feedback was obtained from doctoral program directors, employer/workforce experts and attendees of presentation on these competencies at the AcademyHealth's June 2017 Annual Research Meeting...
March 13, 2018: Health Services Research
John William McKenna, Michael Solis, Frederick Brigham, Reesha Adamson
The majority of students receiving special education services for emotional disturbance (ED) receive a significant amount of instruction in general education classrooms, which emphasizes curriculums based on college and career readiness standards. In turn, those teachers who provide instruction to students with ED in inclusive settings are responsible for using evidence-based practices (EBPs) for those teaching situations in which they exist to meet free appropriate public education (FAPE) mandates. However, the identification of EBPs is a necessary pre-condition to eventual school adoption and teacher use of such practices...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
Alfredo Corell, Luisa M Regueras, Elena Verdú, María J Verdú, Juan P de Castro
OBJECTIVE: Competitive learning techniques are being successfully used in courses of different disciplines. However, there is still a significant gap in analyzing their effects in medical students competing individually. The authors conducted this study to assess the effectiveness of the use of a competitive learning tool on the academic achievement and satisfaction of medical students. METHODS: The authors collected data from a Human Immunology course in medical students (n = 285) and conducted a nonrandomized (quasi-experimental) control group pretest-posttest design...
2018: PloS One
Segismundo S Izquierdo, Luis R Izquierdo, Dunia López-Pintado
The outbreak of epidemics, the rise of religious radicalization or the motivational influence of fellow students in classrooms are some of the issues that can be described as diffusion processes in heterogeneous groups. Understanding the role that interaction patterns between groups (e.g. homophily or segregation) play in the diffusion of certain traits or behaviours is a major challenge for contemporary societies. Here, we study the impact on diffusion processes of mixing (or, alternatively, segregating) two groups that present different sensitivities or propensities to contagion...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Sebastian Ludyga, Markus Gerber, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse, Flora Colledge
PURPOSE: Acute benefits of aerobic exercise on executive functioning have been reported frequently under laboratory conditions. However, to date, a beneficial effect on long-term memory has been less well supported and no data are available regarding nonlaboratory conditions in young adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate acute effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive functioning in a university classroom setting. METHOD: Using a cross-over design, 51 participants performed a bout of moderately intense running (RUN) and read an article while seated (CON)...
March 7, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Lauren M Kao, Julie Wang, Olga Kagan, Anne Russell, S Shahzad Mustafa, Diane Houdek, Bridget Smith, Ruchi Gupta
BACKGROUND: Although school health care professionals are integral to the management of students with food allergy, their views on school food allergy policies have not yet been reported. OBJECTIVE: To characterize food allergy policies currently being used in schools and their utility and potential barriers to implementation from the perspective of school health care professionals. METHODS: An electronic survey was disseminated to school nurses at the 2016 National Association of School Nurses meeting and through the Allergy and Asthma Network listserv...
March 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Ana Barros, Luís Moreira, Helena Santos, Nuno Ribeiro, Filipe Santos-Silva
Cancer literacy is currently one of the most important dimensions of cancer continuum. Objective assessment of cancer knowledge in populations remains a challenging field to public health entities. Different evaluation tools are currently available; still, some groups remain disregarded due to the absence of validated instruments. Cancer literacy in adolescents and young adults has been clearly overlooked being a subject that requires new tools to be properly studied. To address this topic, we developed a new instrument and field tested it in a classroom environment for internal reliability, construct, and face validity...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Patricia Renno, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Mindy Chin, Lorraine S Evangelista
PROBLEM: Hispanic children have greater mental health challenges but fewer received mental health services than other ethnic groups. A classroom-based Emotional Health Curriculum (EHC) was developed to address mental health disparities in an underserved Hispanic community. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with one group pre- and post-intervention was used to test the feasibility of an 8-week EHC for one hundred 3rd and 4th grade children in a dual-immersion Spanish-English elementary school...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Tsu-Hsin Howe, Ching-Fan Sheu, Jim Hinojosa
Cooperative learning provides an important vehicle for active learning, as knowledge is socially constructed through interaction with others. This study investigated the effect of cooperative learning on occupational therapy (OT) theory knowledge attainment in professional-level OT students in a classroom environment. Using a pre- and post-test group design, 24 first-year, entry-level OT students participated while taking a theory course in their second semester of the program. Cooperative learning methods were implemented via in-class group assignments...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Katie Buston
Recruiting, retaining and engaging men in social interventions can be challenging. The focus of this paper is the successful implementation of a parenting programme for incarcerated fathers, delivered in a Young Offender Institution (YOI) in Scotland. Reasons for high levels of recruitment, retention and engagement are explored, with barriers identified. A qualitative design was employed using ethnographic approaches including participant observation of the programme, informal interactions, and formal interviews with programme participants, the facilitators and others involved in managing the programme...
2018: Child Care in Practice: Northern Ireland Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Child Care Practice
Emily B Krueger, Dennis L Eggett, Nathan Stokes
OBJECTIVE: Identify differences in teacher perceptions of benefits, challenges, and preferences to different School Breakfast Program (SBP) service models. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used and an electronic survey was distributed to teachers throughout the state of Utah. SETTING: Kindergarten through 12th-grade schools throughout Utah. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 369 kindergarten through 12th-grade teachers in Utah...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Fernando Aparicio, María Luz Morales-Botello, Margarita Rubio, Asunción Hernando, Rafael Muñoz, Hugo López-Fernández, Daniel Glez-Peña, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, Manuel de la Villa, Manuel Maña, Diego Gachet, Manuel de Buenaga
BACKGROUND: Student participation and the use of active methodologies in classroom learning are being increasingly emphasized. The use of intelligent systems can be of great help when designing and developing these types of activities. Recently, emerging disciplines such as 'educational data mining' and 'learning analytics and knowledge' have provided clear examples of the importance of the use of artificial intelligence techniques in education. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to gather expert opinions regarding the benefits of using complementary methods that are supported by intelligent systems, specifically, by intelligent information access systems, when processing texts written in natural language and the benefits of using these methods as companion tools to the learning activities that are employed by biomedical and health sciences teachers...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Antoine Daina, Marie-Claude Blatter, Vivienne Baillie Gerritsen, Vincent Zoete
The Drug Design Workshop initiative was put in place in 2015 and consists of a collection of educational tools especially developed to introduce computer-aided drug design to the general public and students of various levels. These presentations, hands-on sessions, physical material and on-line educational tools ( have been used in a variety of settings including classrooms, universities, teacher training sessions and science fairs. The main goal is to inform an audience as broad as possible regarding the processes and challenges for the design, discovery and development of drugs...
February 1, 2018: Chimia
Juraj Lipscher
This review summarizes possibilities of including scientific methods for investigation of art objects into the secondary school chemistry curriculum. We discuss methods such as X-ray radiography, infrared reflectography, neutron activation autoradiography, X-ray fluorescence, and Raman spectroscopy and provide recent examples of their use. The results obtained, especially when combined with modern digital image processing algorithms, are indeed impressive. The second part of the paper is devoted to suggestions for actual use in teaching...
February 1, 2018: Chimia
GyeongAe Seomun, Youngjin Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The digital textbook (DT) is an appealing new educational medium. The positive effects of DT use include stimulation of interest in learning and stimulation of motivation to learn. Few studies have examined the awareness of classroom-based educational experts about the adverse health outcomes of DT use. The objective of this study was to understand the perspectives of elementary schoolteachers regarding the effects of DT use on students' health. METHODS: The recommended method of focus group discussions was used to clarify teachers' individual and shared views about this topic...
February 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
Kwo-Chen Lee, Chin-Ching Yu, Pei-Ling Hsieh, Chin-Ching Li, Yann-Fen C Chao
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important clinical skill for nursing students, but it is a characteristic difficult to teach and assess. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of situated teaching on empathy learning among undergraduate nursing students. DESIGN: A cohort study with pre-post-test quasi-experimental design. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The 2nd-year students were enrolled from two BSN programs. METHODS: The teaching program was completed over 4 months on the basis of experiential learning theory which integrated the following four elements: classroom-based role play, self-reflection, situated learning and acting...
February 13, 2018: Nurse Education Today
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