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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433792/a-pilot-study-examining-a-computer-based-intervention-to-improve-recognition-and-understanding-of-emotions-in-young-children-with-communication-and-social-deficits
#1
Neri L Romero
BACKGROUND: A common social impairment in individuals with ASD is difficulty interpreting and or predicting emotions of others. To date, several interventions targeting teaching emotion recognition and understanding have been utilized both by researchers and practitioners. The results suggest that teaching emotion recognition is possible, but that the results do not generalize to non-instructional contexts. This study sought to replicate earlier findings of a positive impact of teaching emotion recognition using a computer-based intervention and to extend it by testing for generalization on live models in the classroom setting...
April 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427024/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-epilepsy-among-teachers-at-ethio-national-school-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#2
Tesfaye Berhe, Bethlehem Yihun, Emebet Abebe, Hailu Abera
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders and is poorly understood by the public and has been associated with numerous misconceptions and beliefs. This, coupled with its dramatic clinical manifestations, has resulted in a strong social stigma. Since teachers have a key role in society as educators, the purpose of this study was to find out the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards epilepsy among school teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of 135 teachers about epilepsy using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#3
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420487/personal-protective-equipment-solution-for-uk-military-medical-personnel-working-in-an-ebola-virus-disease-treatment-unit-in-sierra-leone
#4
P Reidy, T Fletcher, C Shieber, J Shallcross, H Towler, M Ping, L Kenworthy, N Silman, E Aarons
The combination of personal protective equipment (PPE) together with donning and doffing protocols was designed to protect British and Canadian military medical personnel in the Kerry Town Ebola Treatment Unit (ETU) in Sierra Leone. The PPE solution was selected to protect medical staff from infectious risks, notably Ebola virus, and chemical (hypochlorite) exposure. PPE maximized dexterity, enabled personnel to work in hot temperatures for periods of up to 2h, protected mucosal membranes when doffing outer layers, and minimized potential contamination of the doffing area with infectious material by reducing the requirement to spray PPE with hypochlorite...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412667/nurses-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-team-based-learning-participation-on-learning-style-team-behaviours-and-clinical-performance-an-exploration-of-written-reflections
#5
Elizabeth Oldland, Judy Currey, Julie Considine, Josh Allen
Team-Based Learning (TBL) is a teaching strategy designed to promote problem solving, critical thinking and effective teamwork and communication skills; attributes essential for safe healthcare. The aim was to explore postgraduate student perceptions of the role of TBL in shaping learning style, team skills, and professional and clinical behaviours. An exploratory descriptive approach was selected. Critical care students were invited to provide consent for the use for research purposes of written reflections submitted for course work requirements...
March 30, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409696/collaborative-occupational-therapy-teachers-impressions-of-the-partnering-for-change-p4c-model
#6
A L Wilson, S R Harris
AIMS: Occupational therapists (OTs) often face barriers when trying to collaborate with teachers in school-based settings. Partnering for change (P4C), a collaborative practice model designed to support children with developmental coordination disorder, could potentially support all students with special needs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore how teachers experience OT services delivered using the P4C model to support children with a variety of special needs. METHODS: P4C was implemented at one elementary school in Courtenay, British Columbia...
April 14, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390400/a-comparative-study-do-clickers-increase-student-engagement-in-multidisciplinary-clinical-microbiology-teaching
#7
Niall T Stevens, Hélène McDermott, Fiona Boland, Teresa Pawlikowska, Hilary Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Audience response devices, or "clickers", have been used in the education of future healthcare professionals for several years with varying success. They have been reported to improve the learning experience by promoting engagement and knowledge retention. In 2014, our department evaluated the use of "clickers" in a newly introduced multidisciplinary approach to teaching large groups of third year medical students clinical cases developed around a microbiology theme. METHODS: Six multidisciplinary teaching sessions covering community-acquired pneumonia, tuberculosis, infective endocarditis, peritonitis, bloodstream infection with pyelonephritis and bacterial meningitis were included in the study...
April 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390137/trait-and-perceived-environmental-competitiveness-in-achievement-situations
#8
Andrew J Elliot, Mickael Jury, Kou Murayama
OBJECTIVE: Trait and perceived environmental competitiveness are typically studied separately, but they undoubtedly have a joint influence on goal pursuit and behavior in achievement situations. The present research was designed to study them together. We tested the relation between trait and perceived environmental competitiveness, and tested these variables as separate and sequential predictors of both performance-based goals and performance attainment. METHODS: In Studies 1a (n=387) and 1b (n=322), we assessed participants' trait and perceived environmental competitiveness, as well as third variable candidates...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389676/longitudinal-impacts-of-print-focused-read-alouds-for-children-with-language-impairment
#9
Laura M Justice, Jessica Logan, Joan N Kaderavek
Purpose: Preschoolers with language impairment (LI) are prime candidates for early-literacy interventions, given their susceptibility for future reading difficulties. To date, most studies of early-literacy interventions for this population has assessed short-term impacts, with limited attention to whether initial effects are sustained over time. This study was designed to evaluate longitudinal impacts of print-focused read-alouds implemented by early childhood special education teachers for a clinic sample of children with LI...
April 7, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389231/using-a-flipped-classroom-and-the-perspective-of-families-to-teach-medical-students-about-children-with-disabilities-and-special-education
#10
Mary E Sheppard, Nancy Vitalone-Raccaro, Jacqueline M Kaari, Taiwo T Ajumobi
BACKGROUND: The need to teach medical students to care for children with disabilities, work effectively with these patients' families, and collaborate with schools has been well established. Yet, what is not clear is the exact nature of the content to be taught and how medical schools develop the systems and enabling structures required to ensure medical education responds to the needs of children with disabilities and their families. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and assess the efficacy of an educational intervention designed to introduce the topics of special education law and practices and working with parents of children with disabilities into an undergraduate medical education pediatrics course...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384390/effects-of-a-multicomponent-restraint-reduction-program-for-korean-nursing-home-staff
#11
Eun-Hi Kong, Eunjin Song, Lois K Evans
PURPOSE: Physical restraints are used frequently in Korea, suggesting a growing need for access to programs focused on reduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a multicomponent restraint reduction program (MRRP) for nursing staff in Korean nursing homes. DESIGN: A cluster-randomized, single-blind, controlled pretest-posttest design was used. A total of 122 nursing staff (nurses and geriatric care assistants) in two Korean nursing homes participated in this study: 62 in the experimental group (EG) and 60 in the control group (CG)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376275/-applying-anatomy-to-something-i-care-about-authentic-inquiry-learning-and-student-experiences-of-an-inquiry-project
#12
Lauren M Anstey
Despite advances to move anatomy education away from its didactic history, there is a continued need for students to contextualize their studies to make learning more meaningful. This article investigates authentic learning in the context of an inquiry-based approach to learning human gross anatomy. Utilizing a case-study design with three groups of students (n = 18) and their facilitators (n = 3), methods of classroom observations, interviews, and artifact collection were utilized to investigate students' experiences of learning through an inquiry project...
April 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371430/the-cognitive-science-of-sketch-worksheets
#13
Kenneth D Forbus, Maria Chang, Matthew McLure, Madeline Usher
Computational modeling of sketch understanding is interesting both scientifically and for creating systems that interact with people more naturally. Scientifically, understanding sketches requires modeling aspects of visual processing, spatial representations, and conceptual knowledge in an integrated way. Software that can understand sketches is starting to be used in classrooms, and it could have a potentially revolutionary impact as the models and technologies become more advanced. This paper looks at one such effort, Sketch Worksheets, which have been used in multiple classroom experiments already, with students ranging from elementary school to college...
March 29, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364497/impact-of-multi-night-experimentally-induced-short-sleep-on-adolescent-performance-in-a-simulated-classroom
#14
Dean W Beebe, Julie Field, Megan M Milller, Lauren E Miller, Elizabeth LeBlond
Study Objectives: Investigate whether a realistic "dose" of shortened sleep, relative to a well-rested state, causes a decline in adolescents' learning and an increase in inattentive and sleepy behaviors in a simulated classroom setting. Methods: Eighty-seven healthy 14.0- to 16.9-year olds underwent a 3-week sleep manipulation protocol, including two 5-night sleep manipulation conditions presented in a randomly counterbalanced within-subjects cross-over design...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363388/an-integrative-review-of-flipped-classroom-teaching-models-in-nursing-education
#15
REVIEW
Veronica P S Njie-Carr, Emilie Ludeman, Mei Ching Lee, Dzifa Dordunoo, Nina M Trocky, Louise S Jenkins
Nursing care is changing dramatically given the need for students to address complex and multiple patient comorbidities. Students experience difficulties applying knowledge gained from didactic instruction to make important clinical decisions for optimal patient care. To optimize nursing education pedagogy, innovative teaching strategies are required to prepare future nurses for practice. This integrative review synthesized the state of the science on flipped classroom models from 13 empirical studies published through May 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362466/using-research-findings-to-design-an-evidence-based-practice-curriculum
#16
Helen K Burns, Lois Noonan, Deborah Poskus Jenkins, Lisa Marie Bernardo
Evidence from a system-wide research study highlighted strengths and weaknesses in evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation, beliefs, and organizational readiness. To address this evidence, a curriculum was developed within the context of the shared governance and EBP models for nursing practice. The curriculum, Evidence-Based Practice: Clinical Applications in Professional Nursing Practice, consists of five modules that provide the knowledge, skills, and abilities relative to each step of EBP. The learning approach incorporates classroom- and unit-based education, facilitated by EBP curriculum mentors...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351883/american-mock-world-health-organization-an-innovative-model-for-student-engagement-in-global-health-policy
#17
Mia Lei, Neha Acharya, Edith Kwok Man Lee, Emma Catherine Holcomb, Veronica Kapoor
The American Mock World Health Organization (AMWHO) is a model for experiential-based learning and student engagement in global health diplomacy. AMWHO was established in 2014 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a mission to engage students in health policy by providing a simulation of the World Health Assembly (WHA), the policy-forming body of the World Health Organization that sets norms and transforms the global health agenda. AMWHO conferences are designed to allow students to take their knowledge of global health beyond the classroom and practice their skills in diplomacy by assuming the role of WHA delegates throughout a 3-day weekend...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347736/impact-of-school-peanut-free-policies-on-epinephrine-administration
#18
Lisa M Bartnikas, Michelle F Huffaker, William J Sheehan, Watcharoot Kanchongkittiphon, Carter R Petty, Robert Leibowitz, Marissa Hauptman, Michael C Young, Wanda Phipatanakul
BACKGROUND: Children with food allergies spend a large proportion of time in school but characteristics of allergic reactions in schools are not well studied. Some schools self-designate as peanut-free or have peanut-free areas, but the impact of policies on clinical outcomes has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the effect of peanut-free policies on rates of epinephrine administration for allergic reactions in Massachusetts public schools. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed (1) rates of epinephrine administration in all Massachusetts public schools and (2) Massachusetts public school nurse survey reports of school peanut-free policies from 2006 to 2011 and whether schools self-designated as "peanut-free" based on policies...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343659/iron-and-zinc-supplementation-does-not-impact-urinary-arsenic-excretion-in-mexican-school-children
#19
Katarzyna Kordas, Aditi Roy, Patricia López, Gonzalo García-Vargas, Mariano E Cebrián, Eunice Vera-Aguilar, Jorge L Rosado
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of iron and zinc in arsenic excretion and metabolism in children. STUDY DESIGN: An analysis of urinary arsenic (UAs) concentrations from a double-blind randomized trial originally testing the efficacy of iron and zinc for lowering blood lead levels in children. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used, with children randomized individually, stratified by sex and classroom, to receive 30 mg ferrous fumarate (n = 148), 30 mg zinc oxide (n = 144), iron and zinc together (n = 148), or placebo (n = 151)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327174/randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-of-a-school-based-multi-level-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-decrease-sedentary-behaviour-among-vocational-school-students
#20
Nelli Hankonen, Matti T J Heino, Sini-Tuuli Hynynen, Hanna Laine, Vera Araújo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta, Tommi Vasankari, Reijo Sund, Ari Haukkala
BACKGROUND: No school-based physical activity (PA) interventions among older adolescents have demonstrated long-term effectiveness, and few of them so far have addressed sedentary behaviour (SB). Based on behavioural theories and evidence, we designed a multi-level intervention to increase PA and decrease SB among vocational school students. This study investigates feasibility and acceptability of two main intervention components and research procedures. We also examine uptake of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) by the participants...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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