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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786468/a-course-embedded-comparison-of-instructor-generated-videos-of-either-an-instructor-alone-or-an-instructor-and-a-student
#1
Katelyn M Cooper, Lu Ding, Michelle D Stephens, Michelene T H Chi, Sara E Brownell
Instructor-generated videos have become a popular way to engage students with material before a class, yet this is a relatively unexplored area of research. There is support for the use of videos in which instructors tutor students, but few studies have been conducted within the context of a classroom. In this study, conducted in a large-enrollment college physiology course, we used a randomized crossover design to compare the impact of two types of instructor-generated videos that students watched as part of their preclass assignments...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785150/-flipped-classroom-for-academic-and-career-advising-an-innovative-technique-for-medical-student-advising
#2
Richard Amini, Brady S Laughlin, Kathy W Smith, Violet P Siwik, William J Adamas-Rappaport, George T Fantry
Introduction: Career advising for medical students can be challenging for both the student and the adviser. Our objective was to design, implement, and evaluate a "flipped classroom" style advising session. Methods: We performed a single-center cross-sectional study at an academic medical center, where a novel flipped classroom style student advising model was implemented and evaluated. In this model, students were provided a document to review and fill out prior to their one-on-one advising session...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780761/a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-in-barcelona-poiba-project-study-protocol-of-the-intervention
#3
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Olga Juárez, Gemma Serral, Sara Valmayor, Rosa Puigpinós, María Isabel Pasarín, Élia Díez, Carles Ariza
Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-olds. Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779435/class-percentage-of-students-with-reading-difficulties-on-content-knowledge-and-comprehension
#4
Sharon Vaughn, Anna-Mária Fall, Greg Roberts, Jeanne Wanzek, Elizabeth Swanson, Leticia R Martinez
We examined the efficacy of a content acquisition and reading comprehension intervention implemented in eighth-grade social studies classrooms. Using a within-teacher randomized control design, 18 eighth-grade teachers' social studies classes were randomly assigned to a treatment or comparison condition. Teachers taught all their classes (treatment and comparison) using the same content; however, in the treatment classes, teachers used instructional practices that included comprehension canopy, essential words, knowledge acquisition, and team-based learning...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775510/educational-intervention-on-delirium-assessment-using-confusion-assessment-method-icu-cam-icu-in-a-general-intensive-care-unit
#5
Vimala Ramoo, Harlinna Abu, Vineya Rai, Surindar Kaur Surat Singh, Ayuni Asma' Baharudin, Mahmoud Danaee, Raveena Rajalachimi R Thinagaran
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess intensive care unit nurses' knowledge of intensive care unit delirium and delirium assessment before and after an educational intervention. In addition, nurses' perception on the usefulness of a delirium assessment tool and barriers against delirium assessment were assessed as secondary objectives. BACKGROUND: Early identification of delirium in intensive care units is crucial for patient care. Hence, nurses require adequate knowledge to enable appropriate evaluation of delirium using standardised practice and assessment tools...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767569/teaching-tip-development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#6
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749849/a-faculty-professional-development-model-that-improves-student-learning-encourages-active-learning-instructional-practices-and-works-for-faculty-at-multiple-institutions
#7
Karen N Pelletreau, Jennifer K Knight, Paula P Lemons, Jill S McCourt, John E Merrill, Ross H Nehm, Luanna B Prevost, Mark Urban-Lurain, Michelle K Smith
Helping faculty develop high-quality instruction that positively affects student learning can be complicated by time limitations, a lack of resources, and inexperience using student data to make iterative improvements. We describe a community of 16 faculty from five institutions who overcame these challenges and collaboratively designed, taught, iteratively revised, and published an instructional unit about the potential effect of mutations on DNA replication, transcription, and translation. The unit was taught to more than 2000 students in 18 courses, and student performance improved from preassessment to postassessment in every classroom...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743090/effectiveness-of-a-multi-level-implementation-strategy-for-asd-interventions-study-protocol-for-two-linked-cluster-randomized-trials
#8
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Aubyn C Stahmer
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control (2018) estimates that 1 in 59 children has autism spectrum disorder, and the annual cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated to be $236 billion. Evidence-based interventions have been developed and demonstrate effectiveness in improving child outcomes. However, research on generalizable methods to scale up these practices in the multiple service systems caring for these children has been limited and is critical to meet this growing public health need...
May 9, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741790/bullying-defending-and-outsider-behaviors-the-moderating-role-of-social-status-and-gender-in-their-relationship-with-empathy
#9
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Marta Giménez-Dasí
The aim of the present study was to examine whether the effect of empathy on the role children play in bullying situations, as either bullies, defenders or outsiders, was moderated by children's social status within their classroom, and whether this moderation was gender dependent. For this purpose, we used a representative sample of 2,050 Spanish primary school children (50.80% girls) from grades 3-6 (Mage = 9.80 years; SD = 1.24), recruited from 27 primary schools. Results showed that the effect of empathy on bullying behavior was moderated by the sociometric rating only in girls...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740956/no-such-thing-as-a-free-lunch
#10
Douglas G J McKechnie, Anush Shashidhara, Pam Houston, Deborah Gill, Paul Dilworth
BACKGROUND: High-quality, out-of-classroom interactions between students and teachers help to develop communities of learning. In medicine, they contribute to the professionalisation of students. METHODS: We designed a novel student-faculty member lunch scheme for first-year medical students at our institution. Students received a free lunch in groups of six with a faculty member 'hosting' and paying for lunch, with the cost reimbursed by the medical school. Focus groups with students were used to evaluate the impact of the intervention...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736327/the-effect-of-using-games-in-teaching-conservation
#11
Cedric Kai Wei Tan, Jiin Woei Lee, Adeline Hii, Yen Yi Loo, Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz, David W Macdonald
Games are an increasingly popular approach for conservation teaching. However, we know little about the effectiveness of the games on students' experiences and knowledge acquisition. Many current games are supplemental games (SG) that have no meaningful interaction with the subject matter. We adapted the experiential gaming (EG) model where students were immersed in goal-orientated tasks found in real-life situations, and they tackled questions to complete actions for their main task. Classroom-based games were created for eight different conservation topics for an annual Wildlife Conservation Course and an annual Diploma in International Wildlife Conservation Practice...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726715/applying-a-midwifery-lens-to-indigenous-health-care-delivery-the-contribution-of-campus-learning-and-rural-placements-to-effecting-systemic-change
#12
Rosalie D Thackrah, Sandra C Thompson
Study background Increasing cultural safety in health settings is essential to address stark health disparities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Respect for cultural knowledge, better communication, and recognition of racism as a determinant of health are required for improved service delivery. How this knowledge is acquired in health professional training and translated to clinical settings is poorly understood. Purpose Impacts of an innovative Indigenous health unit and remote clinical placements on knowledge acquisition and attitude change were explored among midwifery students to inform cultural competency initiatives in health professional training...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726592/using-single-case-designs-to-evaluate-components-of-tribal-home-visitation-programs
#13
Julianna C Chomos, William P Evans, Marc Bolan, Lindsay Merritt, Aleta Meyer, Douglas K Novins
Single-case designs are typically used in classroom and clinical settings to assess the behavioral impacts of an intervention with an individual child. Using two illustrative case studies, this article describes the extension of this model to home-visitation programs serving tribal communities and examines the lessons learned throughout the process of adapting this approach. Our experience suggests that the benefits of using this design outweigh the associated challenges and allows researchers to expand the use of single-case designs to previously unexplored settings...
May 4, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721652/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-school-based-media-education-and-reduction-intervention
#14
David S Bickham, Yulin Hswen, Ronald G Slaby, Michael Rich
While media education and reduction programs have been proposed to prevent adverse health and academic outcomes related to heavy electronic media use among school-aged children, few have been formally piloted and evaluated. We used a quasi-experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of Take the Challenge (TtC), a school-based media education/reduction program for the primary prevention of sleep deprivation, dysfunctional social-emotional behaviors, and poor academic performance. Sixth- to eighth-grade students at a rural Midwestern U...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706272/using-peer-teaching-to-introduce-the-pharmaceutical-care-model-to-incoming-pharmacy-students
#15
Claire Kolar, Keri Hager, Kristin K Janke
BACKGROUND: The aim of this initiative was to design and evaluate a peer teaching activity where pairs of second-year pharmacy students introduced the Pharmaceutical Care Model and discussed success in the broader first-year pharmacy curriculum with pairs of first year students. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: Second-year pharmacy students individually created concept maps illustrating the main components of pharmaceutical care to be used as teaching tools with first-year students...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695959/pymus-python-based-simulation-software-for-virtual-experiments-on-motor-unit-system
#16
Hojeong Kim, Minjung Kim
We constructed a physiologically plausible computationally efficient model of a motor unit and developed simulation software that allows for integrative investigations of the input-output processing in the motor unit system. The model motor unit was first built by coupling the motoneuron model and muscle unit model to a simplified axon model. To build the motoneuron model, we used a recently reported two-compartment modeling approach that accurately captures the key cell-type-related electrical properties under both passive conditions (somatic input resistance, membrane time constant, and signal attenuation properties between the soma and the dendrites) and active conditions (rheobase current and afterhyperpolarization duration at the soma and plateau behavior at the dendrites)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691794/efficacy-of-the-asap-intervention-for-preschoolers-with-asd-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Brian A Boyd, Linda R Watson, Stephanie S Reszka, John Sideris, Michael Alessandri, Grace T Baranek, Elizabeth R Crais, Amy Donaldson, Anibal Gutierrez, LeAnne Johnson, Katie Belardi
The advancing social-communication and play (ASAP) intervention was designed as a classroom-based intervention, in which the educational teams serving preschool-aged children with autism spectrum disorder are trained to implement the intervention in order to improve these children's social-communication and play skills. In this 4-year, multi-site efficacy trial, classrooms were randomly assigned to ASAP or a business-as-usual control condition. A total of 78 classrooms, including 161 children, enrolled in this study...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681248/effectiveness-of-a-parental-school-based-intervention-to-improve-young-children-s-eating-patterns-a-pilot-study
#18
Ana Isabel Gomes, Luisa Barros, Ana Isabel Pereira, Magda Sofia Roberto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot study of a parental school-based intervention to promote healthy eating behaviours in young children. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental longitudinal design with three conditions (complete intervention (CIG), minimal intervention (MIG), control (CG)), with repeated measures at baseline, immediately after the intervention, 6 months and 1 year after intervention. SETTING: Fourteen public and state-funded kindergartens near Lisbon, Portugal...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676193/to-fidget-or-not-to-fidget-that-is-the-question-a-systematic-classroom-evaluation-of-fidget-spinners-among-young-children-with-adhd
#19
Paulo A Graziano, Alexis M Garcia, Taylor D Landis
OBJECTIVE: To examine how fidget spinners affect children with ADHD's gross motor activity and attentional functioning in class, both during the initial and final phase of an intensive evidence-based behavioral treatment. METHOD: Using an A-B-A-B design, 60 children ( Mage = 4.86 years, 83% Hispanic) diagnosed with ADHD participated in the study. Following a baseline period, four random children from each classroom were given fidget spinners across three separate days ( n = 48)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672729/morphology-instruction-in-the-science-classroom-for-students-who-are-deaf-a-multiple-probe-across-content-analysis
#20
Jessica W Trussell, Jason Nordhaus, Alison Brusehaber, Brittany Amari
Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) students have exhibited a morphological knowledge delay that begins in preschool and persists through college. Morphological knowledge is critical to vocabulary understanding and text comprehension in the science classroom. We investigated the effects of morphological instruction, commonly referred to as Word Detectives, on the morphological knowledge of college-age DHH students in a science course. We implemented a multiple probe across behaviors single-case experimental design study with nine student participants...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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