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Classroom design

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088430/flipping-the-classroom-case-based-learning-accountability-assessment-and-feedback-leads-to-a-favorable-change-in-culture
#1
Nahush A Mokadam, Todd F Dardas, Joshua L Hermsen, Jay D Pal, Michael S Mulligan, L Myria Jacobs, Douglas E Wood, Edward D Verrier
OBJECTIVE: The 88-week Thoracic Surgery Curriculum is challenging to implement because of the large content in a traditional lecture format. This study investigates flipping the classroom by using a case-based format designed to stimulate resident preparation and engagement. METHODS: The didactic conference format was altered. Curricular reading assignments, case review, and conference participation prepared residents for novel formative assessment quizzes. Ten residents participated, and faculty served as controls...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076584/impact-of-bullying-victimization-on-suicide-and-negative-health-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-latin-america
#2
Matthew L Romo, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Objective: To compare the prevalence of bullying victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, and negative health behaviors (current tobacco use, recent heavy alcohol use, truancy, involvement in physical fighting, and unprotected sexual intercourse) in five different Latin American countries and determine the association of bullying victimization with these outcomes, exploring both bullying type and frequency. Methods: Study data were from Global School-based Student Health Surveys from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru, and Uruguay, which covered nationally representative samples of school-going adolescents...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073736/development-of-an-educational-game-to-set-up-surgical-instruments-on-the-mayo-stand-or-back-table-applied-research-in-production-technology
#3
Crislaine Pires Padilha Paim, Silvia Goldmeier
BACKGROUND: Existing research suggests that digital games can be used effectively for educational purposes at any level of training. Perioperative nursing educators can use games to complement curricula, in guidance and staff development programs, to foster team collaboration, and to give support to critical thinking in nursing practice because it is a complex environment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of developing an educational game to set up surgical instruments on the Mayo stand or back table as a resource to assist the instructor in surgical instrumentation training for students and nursing health professionals in continued education...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069663/cybercycling-effects-on-classroom-behavior-in-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-an-rct
#4
April Bowling, James Slavet, Daniel P Miller, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Kirsten Davison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise is linked with improved cognition and behavior in children in clinical and experimental settings. This translational study examined if an aerobic cybercycling intervention integrated into physical education (PE) resulted in improvements in behavioral self-regulation and classroom functioning among children with mental health disabilities attending a therapeutic day school. METHODS: Using a 14-week crossover design, students (N = 103) were randomly assigned by classroom (k = 14) to receive the 7-week aerobic cybercycling PE curriculum during fall 2014 or spring 2015...
January 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068554/movement-integration-in-elementary-classrooms-teacher-perceptions-and-implications-for-program-planning
#5
Collin A Webster, Nicole Zarrett, Brittany S Cook, Cate Egan, Danielle Nesbitt, R Glenn Weaver
Movement integration (MI), which involves infusing physical activity (PA) into regular classroom time in schools, is widely recommended to help children meet the national guideline of 60min of PA each day. Understanding the perspective of elementary classroom teachers (ECTs) toward MI is critical to program planning for interventions/professional development. This study examined the MI perceptions of ECTs in order to inform the design and implementation of a school-based pilot program that focused in part on increasing children's PA through MI...
December 24, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056468/efficacy-of-a-supplemental-phonemic-awareness-curriculum-to-instruct-preschoolers-with-delays-in-early-literacy-development
#6
Howard Goldstein, Arnold Olszewski, Christa Haring, Charles R Greenwood, Luke McCune, Judith Carta, Jane Atwater, Gabriela Guerrero, Naomi Schneider, Tanya McCarthy, Elizabeth S Kelley
Purpose: Children who do not develop early literacy skills, especially phonological awareness (PA) and alphabet knowledge, prior to kindergarten are at risk for reading difficulties. We investigated a supplemental curriculum with children demonstrating delays in these skills. Method: A cluster randomized design with 104 preschool-age children in 39 classrooms was used to determine the efficacy of a supplemental PA curriculum, PAth to Literacy. The curriculum consists of 36 daily scripted 10-min lessons with interactive games designed to teach PA and alphabet skills...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045702/effects-of-web-based-instruction-on-nursing-students-arithmetical-and-drug-dosage-calculation-skills
#7
Arzu Karabag Aydin, Leyla Dinç
Drug dosage calculation skill is critical for all nursing students to ensure patient safety, particularly during clinical practice. The study purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of Web-based instruction on improving nursing students' arithmetical and drug dosage calculation skills using a pretest-posttest design. A total of 63 nursing students participated. Data were collected through the Demographic Information Form, and the Arithmetic Skill Test and Drug Dosage Calculation Skill Test were used as pre and posttests...
December 29, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030417/a-resident-as-teacher-curriculum-using-a-flipped-classroom-approach-can-a-model-designed-for-efficiency-also-be-effective
#8
Binny D Chokshi, Heidi K Schumacher, Kristen Reese, Priti Bhansali, Jeremy R Kern, Samuel J Simmens, Benjamin Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
PROBLEM: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires training that enhances resident teaching skills. Despite this requirement, many residency training programs struggle to implement effective resident-as-teacher (RAT) curricula, particularly within the context of the 80-hour resident workweek. APPROACH: In 2013, the authors developed and evaluated an intensive one-day RAT curriculum using a flipped classroom approach. Twenty-nine second-year residents participated in daylong RAT sessions...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018265/problematic-social-situations-for-peer-rejected-students-in-the-first-year-of-elementary-school
#9
Luis J Martín-Antón, María Inés Monjas, Francisco J García Bacete, Irene Jiménez-Lagares
This study examined the social situations that are problematic for peer-rejected students in the first year of elementary school. For this purpose, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on the Taxonomy of Problematic Social Situations for Children (TOPS, Dodge et al., 1985) in 169 rejected pupils, identified from a sample of 1457 first-grade students (ages 5-7) enrolled in 62 classrooms of elementary school. For each rejected student, another student of average sociometric status of the same gender was selected at random from the same classroom (naverage = 169)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012980/academic-dishonesty-among-italian-nursing-students-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Loreana Macale, Valerio Ghezzi, Gennaro Rocco, Roberta Fida, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro
Considering the ethical issues related to nursing and that Ethics is an integral part of the nursing education in the degree course, one would suppose that academic dishonesty might be less frequent in nursing students than in students of other disciplines. However, several studies show that this trend of deceitful behaviour seems to be similar among the university nursing students and those of other disciplines. The aim of this study is to investigate the phenomenon of academic dishonesty in the classroom from a longitudinal perspective within a cohort of Italian nursing students...
December 18, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010675/simultaneous-communication-supports-learning-in-noise-by-cochlear-implant-users
#11
Helen Blom, Marc Marschark, Elizabeth Machmer
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the potential of using spoken language and signing together (simultaneous communication, SimCom, sign-supported speech) as a means of improving speech recognition, comprehension, and learning by cochlear implant (CI) users in noisy contexts. METHODS: Forty eight college students who were active CI users, watched videos of three short presentations, the text versions of which were standardized at the 8(th)-grade reading level...
December 23, 2016: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009582/a-practitioner-s-instrument-for-measuring-secondary-mathematics-teachers-beliefs-surrounding-learner-centered-classroom-practice
#12
Alyson E Lischka, Mary Garner
In this paper we present the development and validation of a Mathematics Teaching Pedagogical and Discourse Beliefs Instrument (MTPDBI), a 20 item partial-credit survey designed and analyzed using Rasch measurement theory. Items on the MTPDBI address beliefs about the nature of mathematics, teaching and learning mathematics, and classroom discourse practices. A Rasch partial credit model (Masters, 1982) was estimated from the pilot study data. Results show that item separation reliability is .96 and person separation reliability is ...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975195/serious-games-and-blended-learning-effects-on-performance-and-motivation-in-medical-education
#13
Mary Dankbaar
INTRODUCTION: More efficient, flexible training models are needed in medical education. Information technology offers the tools to design and develop effective and more efficient training. The aims of this thesis were: 1) Compare the effectiveness of blended versus classroom training for the acquisition of knowledge; 2) Investigate the effectiveness and critical design features of serious games for performance improvement and motivation. METHODS: Five empirical studies were conducted to answer the research questions and a descriptive study on an evaluation framework to assess serious games was performed...
December 14, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974281/spirituality-and-spiritual-care-perspectives-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Farhan Alshammari, Khalaf Aied Alotaibi, Paolo C Colet
BACKGROUND: No study has been undertaken to understand how spirituality and spiritual care is perceived and implemented by Saudi nursing students undergoing training for their future professional roles as nurses. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the perception of Baccalaureate nursing students toward spirituality and spiritual care. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 338 baccalaureate nursing students in two government-run universities in Saudi Arabia was included in this study...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966784/hybrid-implementation-model-of-community-partnered-early-intervention-for-toddlers-with-autism-a-randomized-trial
#15
Stephanie Y Shire, Ya-Chih Chang, Wendy Shih, Suzanne Bracaglia, Maria Kodjoe, Connie Kasari
BACKGROUND: Interventions found to be effective in research settings are often not as effective when implemented in community settings. Considering children with autism, studies have rarely examined the efficacy of laboratory-tested interventions on child outcomes in community settings using randomized controlled designs. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen children with autism enrolled in public early intervention classrooms in low resource neighborhoods were randomized to Joint Attention, Symbolic Play, Engagement, and Regulation (JASPER) intervention or treatment as usual waitlist for 10 weeks with 1-month follow-up...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942943/a-high-school-based-evaluation-of-takecare-a-video-bystander-program-to-prevent-adolescent-relationship-violence
#16
Kelli S Sargent, Ernest N Jouriles, David Rosenfield, Renee McDonald
Although bystander programs to prevent relationship and sexual violence have been evaluated with college students, few evaluations have been conducted with high school students. This study evaluated the effectiveness of TakeCARE, a brief video bystander program designed to promote helpful bystander behavior in situations involving relationship violence among high school students. Students (N = 1295; 52.5% female; 72.3% Hispanic) reported their bystander behavior at a baseline assessment. Classrooms (N = 66) were randomized to view TakeCARE or to a control condition, and high school counselors administered the video in the classrooms assigned to view TakeCARE...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935444/talk-of-ages-using-intergenerational-classroom-modules-to-engage-older-and-younger-students-across-the-curriculum
#17
Joann M Montepare, Kimberly S Farah
Age-friendly college campuses offer opportunities for lifelong learning for students of all ages. University-based retirement communities are especially well-aligned with this goal by allowing residents to enroll in college courses. Although this arrangement is a standard educational option for college-linked communities, it can have challenges. In particular, the semester-long schedule may be inconvenient for many older students. The Talk of Ages intergenerational module program described in this case study was designed to offer an alternative curricular format to bring older and younger students together for 1-2 weeks in focused course activities...
December 9, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933006/system-to-detect-racial-based-bullying-through-gamification
#18
José A Álvarez-Bermejo, Luis J Belmonte-Ureña, Africa Martos-Martínez, Ana B Barragán-Martín, María Del Mar Simón-Marquez
Prevention and detection of bullying due to racial stigma was studied in school contexts using a system designed following "gamification" principles and integrating less usual elements, such as social interaction, augmented reality and cell phones in educational scenarios. "Grounded Theory" and "User Centered Design" were employed to explore coexistence inside and outside the classroom in terms of preferences and distrust in several areas of action and social frameworks of activity, and to direct the development of a cell phone app for early detection of school bullying scenarios...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929322/using-trial-based-functional-analysis-to-design-effective-interventions-for-students-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Wallace Larkin, Renee O Hawkins, Tai Collins
Functional behavior assessments and function-based interventions are effective methods for addressing the challenging behaviors of children; however, traditional functional analysis has limitations that impact usability in applied settings. Trial-based functional analysis addresses concerns relating to the length of time, level of expertise required, and the contrived nature of functional analyses conducted in analogue settings. The current study expanded on previous research by assessing the function of challenging behaviors for 3 early childhood education students with autism spectrum disorder through trial-based functional analyses within an educational setting...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917488/re-aim-analysis-of-a-school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-in-kindergarteners
#20
Andrew L Larsen, Yue Liao, Janel Alberts, Jimi Huh, Trina Robertson, Genevieve F Dunton
BACKGROUND: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health impact of BHM in California kindergarten classrooms using the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design assessed pre-to-post changes in nutrition knowledge, dietary consumption, and parent behaviors of 25 intervention classrooms (414 students, 264 parents); and postintervention differences in nutrition knowledge between the intervention classrooms and 4 control classrooms measured at postintervention only (103 students)...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
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