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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299771/diagrams-benefit-symbolic-problem-solving
#1
Junyi Chu, Bethany Rittle-Johnson, Emily R Fyfe
BACKGROUND: The format of a mathematics problem often influences students' problem-solving performance. For example, providing diagrams in conjunction with story problems can benefit students' understanding, choice of strategy, and accuracy on story problems. However, it remains unclear whether providing diagrams in conjunction with symbolic equations can benefit problem-solving performance as well. AIMS: We tested the impact of diagram presence on students' performance on algebra equation problems to determine whether diagrams increase problem-solving success...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294503/exploring-protein-structure-and-dynamics-through-a-project-oriented-biochemistry-laboratory-module
#2
James M Lipchock, Patrick S Ginther, Bonnie B Douglas, Kelly E Bird, J Patrick Loria
Here, we present a 10-week project-oriented laboratory module designed to provide a course-based undergraduate research experience in biochemistry that emphasizes the importance of biomolecular structure and dynamics in enzyme function. This module explores the impact of mutagenesis on an important active site loop for a biomedically-relevant human enzyme, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B). Over the course of the semester students guide their own mutant of PTP1B from conception to characterization in a cost-effective manner and gain exposure to fundamental techniques in biochemistry, including site-directed DNA mutagenesis, bacterial recombinant protein expression, affinity column purification, protein quantitation, SDS-PAGE, and enzyme kinetics...
March 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289369/associations-of-attitudes-towards-electronic-cigarettes-with-advertisement-exposure-and-social-determinants-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Benjamin Reinhold, Rebecca Fischbein, Surya Sruthi Bhamidipalli, Jennifer Bryant, Deric R Kenne
BACKGROUND: The exposure of young adults to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements has risen rapidly. E-cigarette ads have been shown to increase short term perceived acceptability of using e-cigarettes in places where traditional cigarettes are banned. We set out to investigate if advertising exposure was related to perceptions of harm, addictiveness, and acceptability of use of e-cigarettes in places where traditional cigarettes are banned. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 6037 students at a large Midwestern university between the ages of 18-24 were surveyed about e-cigarette use and smoking status...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289306/teaching-research-skills-to-student-pharmacists-in-one-semester-an-applied-research-elective
#4
Alexandra Perez, Silvia Rabionet, Barry Bleidt
Objectives. To implement and assess the effectiveness of a 15-week applied research elective that introduced students to secondary database analysis in clinical pharmacy. Design. In small groups, students learned, planned, developed and completed a secondary database study to answer an original research question. During one semester, they completed a basic research proposal and Institutional Review Board application, created and analyzed a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample dataset, and reported the results in an abstract and poster presentation...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289305/interprofessional-curbside-consults-to-develop-team-communication-and-improve-student-achievement-of-learning-outcomes
#5
Jennifer Kirwin, Kristin Curry Greenwood, Janet Rico, Romesh Nalliah, Margarita DiVall
Objective. To design and implement a series of activities focused on developing interprofessional communication skills and to assess the impact of the activities on students' attitudes and achievement of educational goals. Design. Prior to the first pharmacy practice skills laboratory session, pharmacy students listened to a classroom lecture about team communication and viewed short videos describing the roles, responsibilities, and usual work environments of four types of health care professionals. In each of four subsequent laboratory sessions, students interacted with a different standardized health care professional role-played by a pharmacy faculty member who asked them a medication-related question...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287289/the-effect-of-voice-quality-and-competing-speakers-in-a-passage-comprehension-task-performance-in-relation-to-cognitive-functioning-in-children-with-normal-hearing
#6
Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the effect of voice quality and competing speaker/-s on children's performance in a passage comprehension task. Furthermore, it explores the interaction between passage comprehension and cognitive functioning. METHODS: Forty-nine children (27 girls and 22 boys) with normal hearing (aged 7-12 years) participated. Passage comprehension was tested in six different listening conditions; a typical voice (non-dysphonic voice) in quiet, a typical voice with one competing speaker, a typical voice with four competing speakers, a dysphonic voice in quiet, a dysphonic voice with one competing speaker, and a dysphonic voice with four competing speakers...
March 13, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285165/effect-of-a-pbl-teaching-method-on-learning-about-nursing-care-for-patients-with-depression
#7
Marta Arrue, Begoña Ruiz de Alegría, Jagoba Zarandona, Itziar Hoyos Cillero
BACKGROUND: Depression is a worldwide public health problem that requires the attention of qualified health professionals. The training of skilled nurses is a challenge for nursing instructors due to the complexity of this pathology. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to analyse the declarative and argumentative knowledge acquired about depression by students receiving traditional expository instruction versus students receiving problem-based learning instruction. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design in experimental and control group to measure differences in the improvement of declarative and argumentative knowledge...
February 27, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277260/transitioning-a-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-program-to-blended-learning-successes-challenges-outcomes
#8
Laurie Posey, Christine Pintz
To help address the challenges of providing undergraduate nursing education in an accelerated time frame, the Teaching and Transforming through Technology (T3) project was funded to transition a second-degree ABSN program to a blended learning format. The project has explored the use of blended learning to: enable flexible solutions to support teaching goals and address course challenges; provide students with new types of independent learning activities outside of the traditional classroom; increase opportunities for active learning in the classroom; and improve students' digital literacy and lifelong learning skills...
October 18, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268950/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#9
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268949/teaching-biomedical-design-through-a-university-industry-partnership
#10
Lunal Khuon, Karl R Zum, Jane B Zurn, Gerald M Herrera
This paper describes a course that, as a result of a university-industry partnership, emphasizes bringing industry experts into the classroom to teach biomedical design. Full-time faculty and industry engineers and entrepreneurs teach the senior technical elective course, Biomedical System Design. This hands-on senior course in biomedical system design places varied but connected emphasis on understanding the biological signal source, electronics design, safety, patient use, medical device qualifications, and good manufacturing practices...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259245/the-efficacy-of-a-relationship-building-intervention-in-5th-grade
#11
Cindy Faith Miller, Karen P Kochel, Lorey A Wheeler, Kimberly A Updegraff, Richard A Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin, Laura D Hanish
The present study reports initial efficacy data for a new school-based intervention - the Relationship Building Intervention (RBI) - that includes a series of teacher-facilitated, structured activities designed to promote positive peer relationships and inclusive classroom communities. The RBI was evaluated in fifth-grade classrooms by estimating multilevel model (MLM) analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) comparing 368 fifth-grade students in intervention classrooms with 259 fifth-graders in control classrooms on social behaviors, perceptions of classroom connectedness, and academic performance...
April 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254162/noise-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-an-exploratory-survey
#12
Shireen M Kanakri, Mardelle Shepley, James W Varni, Louis G Tassinary
BACKGROUND: With more students being educated in schools for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) than ever before, architects and interior designers need to consider the environmental features that may be modified to enhance the academic and social success of autistic students in school. AIM: This study explored existing empirical research on the impact of noise on children with ASD and provides recommendations regarding design features that can contribute to noise reduction...
February 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247508/challenging-conversations-with-simulated-patients
#13
Diane Dennis, Anne Furness, Sharon Parry
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based learning (SBL) activities in the health sciences provide students with opportunities to interact with realistic patients and environments. This study aimed to develop and then implement a novel activity using simulation for a large group of mostly millennial physiotherapy students, to enhance their ability to communicate with a challenging patient and to assess their motivation to learn. METHODS: Students enrolled in a second-year communication unit were invited to participate in a non-compulsory unique SBL activity in groups of four for 40 minutes, undertaking two 5-minute simulation scenarios and two debriefing sessions...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240980/potential-benefits-of-an-integrated-electric-acoustic-sound-processor-with-children-a-preliminary-report
#14
Jace Wolfe, Sara Neumann, Erin Schafer, Megan Marsh, Mark Wood, R Stanley Baker
BACKGROUND: A number of published studies have demonstrated the benefits of electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) over conventional electric stimulation for adults with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss. These benefits potentially include better speech recognition in quiet and in noise, better localization, improvements in sound quality, better music appreciation and aptitude, and better pitch recognition. There is, however, a paucity of published reports describing the potential benefits and limitations of EAS for children with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237849/the-design-process-of-a-multimodal-module-that-synthesized-knowledge-across-nursing-courses
#15
EDITORIAL
Linda Wolf, Pamela Rutar, Cheryl Delgado, Joan Niederriter
BACKGROUND: Nursing faculty are being challenged to increase the use of technology in the classroom. Use of technology addresses multiple learning styles, increases student engagement, encourages active learning and improves students' attention. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate student satisfaction to a faculty designed multimedia teaching strategy. DESIGN: Cross sectional design with data collected over six semesters from six cohorts of nursing students...
February 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227156/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#16
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, Heather Danielsen, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227155/teaching-biomedical-design-through-a-university-industry-partnership
#17
Lunal Khuon, Karl R Zum, Jane B Zurn, Gerald M Herrera, Lunal Khuon, Karl R Zum, Jane B Zurn, Gerald M Herrera, Gerald M Herrera, Karl R Zurn, Lunal Khuon
This paper describes a course that, as a result of a university-industry partnership, emphasizes bringing industry experts into the classroom to teach biomedical design. Full-time faculty and industry engineers and entrepreneurs teach the senior technical elective course, Biomedical System Design. This hands-on senior course in biomedical system design places varied but connected emphasis on understanding the biological signal source, electronics design, safety, patient use, medical device qualifications, and good manufacturing practices...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215378/program-sustainability-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-prevention-in-american-indian-communities
#18
William Hal Martin, Judith L Sobel, Susan E Griest, Linda C Howarth, Thomas M Becker
INTRODUCTION: An important goal of any health promotion effort is to have it maintained in delivery and effectiveness over time. The purpose of this study was to establish a community-based noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus prevention program in three different types of American Indian communities and evaluate them for evidence of long-term sustainability. METHODS: The target population was fourth- and fifth-grade students from three different models of American Indian communities...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215377/healthy-empowered-youth-a-positive-youth-development-program-for-native-youth
#19
Stephanie N Craig Rushing, Nichole L Hildebrandt, Carol J Grimes, Amanda J Rowsell, Benjamin C Christensen, William E Lambert
INTRODUCTION: During 2010-2012, Oregon Health & Science University's Prevention Research Center, a Northwest Tribe, and the Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, collaborated to evaluate the Healthy & Empowered Youth Project, a school- and community-based positive youth development program for American Indian and Alaska Native high school students. METHODS: The Native STAND (Students Together Against Negative Decisions) curriculum was enhanced with hands-on learning activities in media design to engage students in sexual and reproductive health topics covered by the curriculum...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213582/a-scale-up-mock-up-comparison-of-student-learning-gains-in-high-and-low-tech-active-learning-environments
#20
Paula A G Soneral, Sara A Wyse
Student-centered learning environments with upside-down pedagogies (SCALE-UP) are widely implemented at institutions across the country, and learning gains from these classrooms have been well documented. This study investigates the specific design feature(s) of the SCALE-UP classroom most conducive to teaching and learning. Using pilot survey data from instructors and students to prioritize the most salient SCALE-UP classroom features, we created a low-tech "Mock-up" version of this classroom and tested the impact of these features on student learning, attitudes, and satisfaction using a quasi--experimental setup...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
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