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Brief cognitive status exam

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605058/cardiovascular-pharmacogenomics-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Kristen M Ward, A Zarina Kraal, Stephanie A Flowers, Vicki L Ellingrod
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of multiple risk alleles for cognitive dysfunction and cardiovascular disease risk on cognitive function, and to determine if these relationships varied by cognitive reserve (CR) or concomitant medication use in patients with schizophrenia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ambulatory mental health centers. PATIENTS: A total of 122 adults with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were maintained on a stable antipsychotic regimen for at least 6 months prior to study enrollment; patients were divided into three CR groups based on years of formal education: no high school completion or equivalent (low-education group [18 patients]); completion of high school or equivalent (moderate-education group [36 patients]; or any degree of post-high school education (high-education group [68 patients])...
June 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595276/premorbid-iq-predicts-postconcussive-symptoms-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-with-mtbi
#2
Jada J Stewart-Willis, Daniel Heyanka, Zoe Proctor-Weber, Heather England, Maya Bruhns
Objective: Extant literature has demonstrated that symptoms of postconcussive syndrome (PCS) persist well beyond the expected 3-month post-injury recovery period in a minority of individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Suboptimal performance on validity measures and pre- and post-injury psychosocial stressors - rather than actual mTBI or current cognitive functioning - have been identified as predictors of chronic PCS. Whether premorbid IQ has any influence on chronic PCS has been understudied, in the context of established psychogenic etiologies...
June 8, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503934/score-disparity-between-the-mmse-and-the-slums
#3
Ann B Yoelin, Nathan W Saunders
BACKGROUND: Multiple brief cognitive instruments are available to assess cognitive impairment in older adults. However, not all instruments demonstrate the same effectiveness when utilized with higher educated adults. This study evaluates the score disparity between the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination across the education spectrum. It was hypothesized that individuals with more years of formal education would produce higher scores on both the MMSE and SLUMS...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467520/transdiagnostic-associations-between-functional-brain-network-integrity-and-cognition
#4
Julia M Sheffield, Sridhar Kandala, Carol A Tamminga, Godfrey D Pearlson, Matcheri S Keshavan, John A Sweeney, Brett A Clementz, Dov B Lerman-Sinkoff, S Kristian Hill, Deanna M Barch
Importance: Cognitive impairment occurs across the psychosis spectrum and is associated with functional outcome. However, it is unknown whether these shared manifestations of cognitive dysfunction across diagnostic categories also reflect shared neurobiological mechanisms or whether the source of impairment differs. Objective: To examine whether the general cognitive deficit observed across psychotic disorders is similarly associated with functional integrity of 2 brain networks widely implicated in supporting many cognitive domains...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#5
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351445/clinical-evaluation-of-brief-cognitive-assessment-measures-for-patients-with-severe-dementia
#6
Jasmine S Dixon, Deborah G Saddington, Celia J Shiles, Kavya P Sreevalsan, Cynthia A Munro, Paul B Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has become an important public health burden for older adults. Clinicians face a challenging task to efficiently evaluate cognition in dementia in clinical settings. We sought to assess the validity and inter-correlations of brief cognitive assessments in a cohort of severely demented patients. METHODS: In total, 49 individual patients (N = 49) ranging in age from 62 to 97 years old were included in this performance improvement project...
March 29, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319160/psychometric-assessment-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-brief-illness-perception-questionnaire-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Na Zhang, Richard Fielding, Inda Soong, Karen K K Chan, Conrad Lee, Alice Ng, Wing Kin Sze, Janice Tsang, Victor Lee, Wendy Wing Tak Lam
OBJECTIVE: The eight-item Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (B-IPQ) supposedly evaluates cognitive and emotional representations of illness. This study examined the validity and reliability of a traditional Chinese version of the B-IPQ in Hong Kong Chinese breast cancer survivors. METHODS: 358 Chinese breast cancer survivors who had recently ended their primary treatment completed this B-IPQ Chinese version. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) tested the factor structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276861/screening-for-dementia-in-arabic-normative-data-from-an-elderly-lebanese-sample
#8
Fadi Abou-Mrad, Gordon Chelune, Edward Zamrini, Lubna Tarabey, Maryse Hayek, Patricia Fadel
OBJECTIVE: Prevention and treatment of dementia is a global concern that requires involvement of international samples. The purpose of this study is to develop culturally sensitive norms based on normal older Lebanese adults using multiple cognitive screening measures translated into Arabic for regional use. METHODS: Participants were 164 community dwelling older Lebanese adults without cognitive complaints. They were administered the following cognitive measures in Arabic: Alzheimer's Disease 8-item questionnaire, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Mini Mental Status Exam, Modified Mini Mental Status, Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised, Lebanese Digit Span, Cross-Linguistic Naming Test, and phonemic and semantic fluency tests...
February 23, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274298/treatment-decision-making-capacity-in-non-consensual-psychiatric-treatment-a-multicentre-study
#9
G Mandarelli, F Carabellese, G Parmigiani, F Bernardini, L Pauselli, R Quartesan, R Catanesi, S Ferracuti
AIMS: To evaluate treatment decision-making capacity (DMC) to consent to psychiatric treatment in involuntarily committed patients and to further investigate possible associations with clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of patients. METHODS: 131 involuntarily hospitalised patients were recruited in three university hospitals. Mental capacity to consent to treatment was measured with the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T); psychiatric symptoms severity (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, BPRS-E) and cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE) were also assessed...
March 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244704/identification-of-dietary-patterns-and-their-relationships-with-general-and-oral-health-in-the-very-old
#10
Yusuke Osawa, Yasumichi Arai, Michiyo Takayama, Takumi Hirata, Midori Kawasaki, Yukiko Abe, Toshimitsu Iinuma, Satoshi Sasaki, Nobuyoshi Hirose
Little is known about the dietary patterns of Asian populations aged >=85 years and their associated factors. Thus, we aimed to (1) identify these dietary patterns and (2) clarify the relationships between the dietary pattern and health outcomes in a community-dwelling very old population. The Tokyo Oldest Old Survey on Total Health study is an observational cohort study comprising 512 Japanese subjects (women, n=288; men, n=224; age, 87.8±2.2 years). Dietary patterns were assessed by principal component analysis using a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102697/goal-intention-reminding-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-feasibility-study-using-implementation-intentions-and-text-messaging
#11
Tessa Hart, Monica J Vaccaro
OBJECTIVE: To examine feasibility of participant-created implementation intentions, delivered as text message reminders, to enhance goal-related activity in persons with chronic, moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial on effects of 8 weeks receiving goal-related implementation intentions (GI) compared to control condition, educational review regarding goals (GR). PARTICIPANTS: Eight persons with moderate/severe TBI nearing discharge from intensive outpatient brain injury treatment...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017179/does-mental-status-impact-therapist-and-patient-communication-in-emergency-department-brief-interventions-addressing-alcohol-use
#12
Brian Borsari, Timothy R Apodaca, Ali Yurasek, Peter M Monti
Motivational interviewing (MI) is often incorporated into screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) interventions in critical care settings to address alcohol and other drug use. However, cognitive status has been linked to differential response to MI sessions in emergency department (ED) settings. The current study examined one possible explanation for this differential response: whether higher versus lower mental status impacts patient response to clinician statements during MI sessions conducted in an ED...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907279/development-of-norms-for-executive-functions-in-typically-developing-indian-urban-preschool-children-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status
#13
Sumithra Selvam, Tinku Thomas, Priya Shetty, K Thennarasu, Vijaya Raman, Deepti Khanna, Ruchika Mehra, Anura V Kurpad, Krishnamachari Srinivasan
Executive functions (EFs) are essential and important for achieving success in children's everyday lives and play a fundamental role in children's cognitive, academic, social, emotional and behavioral functioning. A cross-sectional study was carried out to develop age- and sex-specific norms for EFs using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Preschool Version (BRIEF-P) among 2- to 5-year-olds from urban Bangalore, India. In addition, the association between EFs and anthropometric measures, a marker of nutritional status, is also examined...
December 1, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895602/motivational-and-behavioral-activation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychiatric-rehabilitation-for-mild-to-moderate-negative-symptoms-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#14
Kee-Hong Choi, Eunju Jaekal, Ga-Young Lee
Few psychosocial approaches address the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which shares common features with depression and anxiety. Behavioral activation (BA) is effective for addressing depression and anxiety in adults with various mental disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been successfully applied to address ambivalence or lack of motivation toward treatment. Motivational and behavioral activation (mBA) has been developed by incorporating the core principles from BA and MI with recent findings on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859700/a-brief-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-japanese-adolescents-with-severe-posttraumatic-stress
#15
Daisuke Ito, Shunsuke Koseki, Tetsuhiro Ohtani
This pilot study investigated the efficacy of a brief school-based cognitive-behavioral intervention program for Japanese adolescents exposed to the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. The participants were 22 adolescents with severe posttraumatic stress symptoms at the time of the study in March 2014. They completed a single-session 4-step intervention program based on Ehlers and Clark's (2000) model at their school. Symptom status was assessed at 3 time points (preintervention, postintervention, and 4-month follow-up) using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Weiss, 2004) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (Radloff, 1977)...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743701/cognitive-function-in-1736-participants-in-ninds-exploratory-trials-in-pd-long-term-study-1
#16
Anne-Marie A Wills, Jordan J Elm, Rong Ye, Kelvin L Chou, Sotirios A Parashos, Robert A Hauser, Ivan Bodis-Wollner, Vanessa K Hinson, Chadwick W Christine, Jay S Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Clinical cohort studies suggest that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is common in early Parkinson's disease (PD). The objectives of this paper were to describe cognitive function in a large clinical trial of early treated PD patients at baseline and over time using two brief cognitive screening tests. METHODS: In total 1741 participants were enrolled in the NINDS Exploratory Trials in Parkinson's disease (NET-PD) Long-term Study-1 (LS-1). The Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) was collected annually...
December 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660081/validity-and-reliability-of-the-indonesian-version-of-the-brief-fatigue-inventory-in-cancer-patients
#17
Nurul Paramita, Nury Nusdwinuringtyas, Siti Annisa Nuhonni, Tubagus Djumhana Atmakusuma, R Irawati Ismail, Tito R Mendoza, Charles S Cleeland
CONTEXT: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in cancer patients. Short but good assessment is essential to detect and manage this symptom. Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) is a valid and reliable short instrument to assess cancer-related fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity and reliability of the Indonesian BFI. METHODS: Forward and backward translation approach, followed by cognitive debriefing process, was done to develop Indonesian BFI...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623192/poststroke-cognitive-decline-is-independent-of-longitudinal-changes-in-cerebral-hemodynamics-parameters
#18
Ma Serrie Platero Suministrado, Esther Wan Yee Shuang, Jing Xu, Hock Luen Teoh, Bernard Poon-Lap Chan, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Raymond Chee Seong Seet, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Boon Seng Wong, Vijay Kumar Sharma, YanHong Dong
BACKGROUND: Poststroke vascular cognitive impairment is highly prevalent with significant functional consequences. However, reliable biomarkers for early prediction of cognitive decline after acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are not well established. Although parenchymal imaging in patients with AIS and transient ischemic attack (TIA) may predict the resultant cognitive impairment, it may not explain the progressive deterioration after the index event. We postulated that longitudinal changes in cerebral hemodynamic parameters may influence the cognitive performance after a cerebrovascular event...
May 2017: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611331/big-five-personality-traits-and-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-later-life
#19
S D M van Dijk, D Hanssen, P Naarding, P Lucassen, H Comijs, R Oude Voshaar
BACKGROUND: Personality dysfunction has been postulated as the most clinically salient problem of persons suffering from medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) but empirical studies are scarce. This study aims to compare the personality profile of older patients suffering from MUS with two comparison groups and a control group. METHODS: Ninety-six older patients with MUS were compared with 153 frequent attenders in primary care suffering from medically explained symptoms (MES), 255 patients with a past-month depressive disorder (DSM-IV-TR), and a control group of 125 older persons...
October 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567839/a-brief-computerized-paired-associate-test-for-the-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Rosie E Curiel, Elizabeth Crocco, Marian Rosado, Ranjan Duara, Maria T Greig, Arlene Raffo, David A Loewenstein
BACKGROUND: Semantic memory interference has been found to be a predictive cognitive marker of incipient AD. This is relevant given that developing assessment paradigms to identify subtle cognitive and functional deficits is a priority in preclinical Alzheimer's disease research. OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of a novel computerized paired associate test in distinguishing between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and cognitively normal (CN) groups of older adults residing in the community...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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