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Brief cognitive status exam

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907279/development-of-norms-for-executive-functions-in-typically-developing-indian-urban-preschool-children-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status
#1
Sumithra Selvam, Tinku Thomas, Priya Shetty, K Thennarasu, Vijaya Raman, Deepti Khanna, Ruchika Mehra, Anura V Kurpad, Krishnamachari Srinivasan
Executive functions (EFs) are essential and important for achieving success in children's everyday lives and play a fundamental role in children's cognitive, academic, social, emotional and behavioral functioning. A cross-sectional study was carried out to develop age- and sex-specific norms for EFs using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Preschool Version (BRIEF-P) among 2- to 5-year-olds from urban Bangalore, India. In addition, the association between EFs and anthropometric measures, a marker of nutritional status, is also examined...
December 1, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895602/motivational-and-behavioral-activation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychiatric-rehabilitation-for-mild-to-moderate-negative-symptoms-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#2
Kee-Hong Choi, Eunju Jaekal, Ga-Young Lee
Few psychosocial approaches address the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which shares common features with depression and anxiety. Behavioral activation (BA) is effective for addressing depression and anxiety in adults with various mental disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been successfully applied to address ambivalence or lack of motivation toward treatment. Motivational and behavioral activation (mBA) has been developed by incorporating the core principles from BA and MI with recent findings on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859700/a-brief-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-japanese-adolescents-with-severe-posttraumatic-stress
#3
Daisuke Ito, Shunsuke Koseki, Tetsuhiro Ohtani
This pilot study investigated the efficacy of a brief school-based cognitive-behavioral intervention program for Japanese adolescents exposed to the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. The participants were 22 adolescents with severe posttraumatic stress symptoms at the time of the study in March 2014. They completed a single-session 4-step intervention program based on Ehlers and Clark's (2000) model at their school. Symptom status was assessed at 3 time points (preintervention, postintervention, and 4-month follow-up) using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Weiss, ) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (Radloff, )...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743701/cognitive-function-in-1736-participants-in-ninds-exploratory-trials-in-pd-long-term-study-1
#4
Anne-Marie A Wills, Jordan J Elm, Rong Ye, Kelvin L Chou, Sotirios A Parashos, Robert A Hauser, Ivan Bodis-Wollner, Vanessa K Hinson, Chadwick W Christine, Jay S Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Clinical cohort studies suggest that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is common in early Parkinson's disease (PD). The objectives of this paper were to describe cognitive function in a large clinical trial of early treated PD patients at baseline and over time using two brief cognitive screening tests. METHODS: In total 1741 participants were enrolled in the NINDS Exploratory Trials in Parkinson's disease (NET-PD) Long-term Study-1 (LS-1). The Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) was collected annually...
October 8, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660081/validity-and-reliability-of-the-indonesian-version-of-the-brief-fatigue-inventory-in-cancer-patients
#5
Nurul Paramita, Nury Nusdwinuringtyas, Siti Annisa Nuhonni, Tubagus Djumhana Atmakusuma, R Irawati Ismail, Tito R Mendoza, Charles S Cleeland
CONTEXT: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in cancer patients. Short but good assessment is essential to detect and manage this symptom. Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) is a valid and reliable short instrument to assess cancer-related fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity and reliability of the Indonesian BFI. METHODS: Forward and backward translation approach, followed by cognitive debriefing process, was done to develop Indonesian BFI...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623192/poststroke-cognitive-decline-is-independent-of-longitudinal-changes-in-cerebral-hemodynamics-parameters
#6
Ma Serrie Platero Suministrado, Esther Wan Yee Shuang, Jing Xu, Hock Luen Teoh, Bernard Poon-Lap Chan, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Raymond Chee Seong Seet, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Boon Seng Wong, Vijay Kumar Sharma, YanHong Dong
BACKGROUND: Poststroke vascular cognitive impairment is highly prevalent with significant functional consequences. However, reliable biomarkers for early prediction of cognitive decline after acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are not well established. Although parenchymal imaging in patients with AIS and transient ischemic attack (TIA) may predict the resultant cognitive impairment, it may not explain the progressive deterioration after the index event. We postulated that longitudinal changes in cerebral hemodynamic parameters may influence the cognitive performance after a cerebrovascular event...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611331/big-five-personality-traits-and-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-later-life
#7
S D M van Dijk, D Hanssen, P Naarding, P Lucassen, H Comijs, R Oude Voshaar
BACKGROUND: Personality dysfunction has been postulated as the most clinically salient problem of persons suffering from medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) but empirical studies are scarce. This study aims to compare the personality profile of older patients suffering from MUS with two comparison groups and a control group. METHODS: Ninety-six older patients with MUS were compared with 153 frequent attenders in primary care suffering from medically explained symptoms (MES), 255 patients with a past-month depressive disorder (DSM-IV-TR), and a control group of 125 older persons...
October 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567839/a-brief-computerized-paired-associate-test-for-the-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#8
Rosie E Curiel, Elizabeth Crocco, Marian Rosado, Ranjan Duara, Maria T Greig, Arlene Raffo, David A Loewenstein
BACKGROUND: Semantic memory interference has been found to be a predictive cognitive marker of incipient AD. This is relevant given that developing assessment paradigms to identify subtle cognitive and functional deficits is a priority in preclinical Alzheimer's disease research. OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of a novel computerized paired associate test in distinguishing between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and cognitively normal (CN) groups of older adults residing in the community...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529666/the-latent-structure-of-psychiatric-symptoms-across-mental-disorders-as-measured-with-the-panss-and-bprs-18
#9
Richard A Van Dorn, Sarah L Desmarais, Kevin J Grimm, Stephen J Tueller, Kiersten L Johnson, Brian G Sellers, Marvin S Swartz
Raw data were used from five studies of adults with mental illnesses (N=4,480) in an attempt to identify a psychiatric symptoms factor structure, as measured by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale or the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, that was generalizable across participant characteristics. First, the fit of four extant models was tested via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), then exploratory factor analyses (EFA) were conducted with a 50% random sample, followed by a CFA with the remaining 50% to confirm the EFA factor structure...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485181/executive-function-in-children-with-prenatal-cocaine-exposure-12-15years
#10
Sonia Minnes, Meeyoung O Min, Elizabeth J Short, Miaoping Wu, Adelaide Lang, Susan Yoon, Lynn T Singer
PURPOSE: Prenatal exposure to cocaine (PCE) may alter areas of the brain dense with monoamine receptors such as the prefrontal cortex and negatively affect cognitive processes implicated in executive function (EF). This study investigated the effects of PCE on EF at 12 and 15years. METHODS: EF was examined in 189 PCE and 183 non-cocaine exposed (NCE) children who were primarily African American and of low socioeconomic status. Caregivers rated their child on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) at ages 12 and 15...
September 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422275/prevention-of-the-development-of-psychological-distress-following-a-motor-vehicle-crash-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Rebecca Guest, Yvonne Tran, Bamini Gopinath, Ian D Cameron, Ashley Craig
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that up to 50 % of motor vehicle crash survivors develop significant psychological distress, such as depressive mood and anxiety, within 6 months of the crash. Associated impacts include loss of employment, delayed return to work, financial and familial stress, and increased medical and compensation costs. The major aim of this research is to investigate the efficacy of interventions for preventing the development of psychological distress following a motor vehicle crash...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410680/exploring-cognitive-reserve-in-multiple-sclerosis-new-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Domenica Nunnari, Maria Cristina De Cola, Antonio Costa, Carmela Rifici, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
INTRODUCTION: The cognitive reserve (CR) hypothesis attempts to explain the discrepancy between brain damage and clinical manifestations in neurodegenerative diseases. Recently the concept of CR was applied to the multiple sclerosis (MS) model. Our aim is to investigate the impact of demographic and clinical variables on cognitive outcome in MS patients. METHOD: A total of 72 MS patients were assessed by Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests (BRB-N), Cognitive Reserve Index Questionnaire (CRIq), and high field magnetic resonance examination...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381635/maternal-prenatal-fish-consumption-and-cognition-in-mid-childhood-mercury-fatty-acids-and-selenium
#13
Emily Oken, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Chitra Amarasiriwardena, Innocent Jayawardene, David C Bellinger, Joseph R Hibbeln, Robert O Wright, Matthew W Gillman
BACKGROUND: Few studies of maternal prenatal fish intake have included biomarkers of exposure to mercury, long-chain n-3 fatty acids, and selenium, which are hypothesized to mediate associations with child neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations of maternal prenatal fish intake with child neurodevelopment accounting for biomarkers. METHODS: In 1999-2002 we enrolled pregnant women into the Project Viva cohort. At median 27.9weeks gestation, we estimated maternal fish intake using food frequency questionnaires, and collected blood...
September 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338648/the-intensity-of-menopausal-symptoms-is-associated-with-episodic-memory-in-postmenopausal-women
#14
N Triantafyllou, E Armeni, F Christidi, D Rizos, G Kaparos, A Palaiologou, A Augoulea, A Alexandrou, I Zalonis, G Tzivgoulis, I Lambrinoudaki
OBJECTIVE: The adaptation of the brain to aging is subject to the impact of psychological and environmental factors and possibly climacteric symptomatology. We aimed to determine the association of climacteric symptomatology with different aspects of episodic memory in a sample of Greek menopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 39 postmenopausal women with subjective memory complaints. Memory performance was evaluated using the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT) and the revised Brief Visuospatial Memory Test (BVMT), assessing verbal and visuospatial episodic memory, respectively...
August 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255917/addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-test-for-brief-cognitive-assessment-of-adolescents-suffering-from-migraine-with-aura
#15
Igor Petrusic, Vera Pavlovski, Zorica Savkovic, Dragana Vucinic, Branislav Filipovic, Jasna Jancic
The aim of this study was to assess the role of the Addenbrooke's cognitive examination test (ACE-R) in the evaluation of cognitive status in migraineurs interictally. A total of 44 adolescent patients and 44 healthy controls, matched by age and gender, have undergone ACE-R testing. Migraineurs were additionally questioned about migraine aura features and presence of higher cortical dysfunctions (HCD) during an aura. According to the questionnaire results, patients were subsequently divided into HCD and Non-HCD group...
June 2, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157027/motivational-text-message-intervention-for-eating-disorders-a-single-case-alternating-treatment-design-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#16
Rebecca M Shingleton, Elizabeth M Pratt, Bernard Gorman, David H Barlow, Tibor P Palfai, Heather Thompson-Brenner
OBJECTIVE: This study tested a motivational text message treatment adjunct for individuals with eating disorders (EDs) who exhibited high dietary restraint/restriction. METHOD: A replicated single-case alternating treatment design was used to examine (a) the feasibility of combining a brief motivational interview with subsequent text messages and (b) the influence of the text messages on eating behaviors and motivation to change in individuals with EDs (N=12). The protocol was 8weeks and the text messages were adjunctive to cognitive-behavioral therapy...
May 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049235/cognitive-predictors-of-skilled-performance-with-an-advanced-upper-limb-multifunction-prosthesis-a-preliminary-analysis
#17
Laura Hancock, Stephen Correia, David Ahern, Jennifer Barredo, Linda Resnik
Purpose The objectives were to 1) identify major cognitive domains involved in learning to use the DEKA Arm; 2) specify cognitive domain-specific skills associated with basic versus advanced users; and 3) examine whether baseline memory and executive function predicted learning. Method Sample included 35 persons with upper limb amputation. Subjects were administered a brief neuropsychological test battery prior to start of DEKA Arm training, as well as physical performance measures at the onset of, and following training...
April 6, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002566/the-abbreviated-mental-test-4-for-cognitive-screening-of-older-adults-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#18
Adam H Dyer, Robert Briggs, Shamis Nabeel, Desmond O'Neill, Sean P Kennelly
OBJECTIVES: A commonly cited reason for the infrequent detection of cognitive impairment in the Emergency Department (ED) is the lack of an appropriate screening tool. The Abbreviated Mental Test 4 (AMT4) is a brief instrument recommended for cognitive screening of older adults in the ED. However, its exact utility in the detection of altered mental status in the ED is yet to be fully determined. METHODS: The present study evaluated the ability of the AMT4 to identify impaired mental status in the ED, defined as positive scores on either the Confusion Assessment Method-ICU for delirium, the standardized Mini Mental State Examination as a general cognitive screener or the Eight-item Interview to Differentiate Aging and Dementia for dementia...
March 21, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941836/schizophrenia-clinical-symptom-differences-in-women-vs-men-with-and-without-a-history-of-childhood-physical-abuse
#19
Deanna L Kelly, Laura M Rowland, Kathleen M Patchan, Kelli Sullivan, Amber Earl, Heather Raley, Fang Liu, Stephanie Feldman, Robert P McMahon
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse has been implicated as an environmental factor that increases the risk for developing schizophrenia. A recent large population-based case-control study found that abuse may be a risk factor for schizophrenia in women, but not men. Given the sex differences in onset and clinical course of schizophrenia, we hypothesized that childhood abuse may cause phenotypic differences in the disorder between men and women. METHODS: We examined the prevalence of childhood physical abuse in a cohort of men and women with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925170/systematic-review-of-interventions-for-racial-ethnic-minority-pregnant-smokers
#20
Yukiko Washio, Heather Cassey
INTRODUCTION: Large disparities exist in smoking rates during pregnancy by racial/ethnic status. AIMS: The current review examined controlled studies that predominantly included racial/ethnic-minority pregnant smokers for providing smoking cessation treatment. METHODS: Two authors independently conducted the literature searches in the standard databases using a combination of the keywords with minority, pregnancy, smoking, and cessation identifiers...
March 2016: Journal of Smoking Cessation
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