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Brief cognitive status exam

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727307/long-term-cognitive-and-psychological-functioning-in-post-electroconvulsive-therapy-patients
#1
Michelle L Miller, Hien Luu, Owen Gaasedelen, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Alexis Elmore, Naseem Dezhkam, John Bayless, David J Moser, Douglas M Whiteside
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is associated with positive outcomes for treatment-resistant mood disorders in the short term. However, there is limited research on long-term cognitive or psychological changes beyond 1 year after -ECT. This study evaluated long-term outcomes in cognitive functioning, psychiatric symptoms, and quality of life for individuals who had undergone ECT. METHODS: Eligible participants (N = 294) who completed a brief pre-ECT neuropsychological assessment within the last 14 years were recruited for a follow-up evaluation; a limited sample agreed to follow-up testing (n = 34)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671539/evaluation-of-suspected-dementia
#2
Nathan Falk, Ariel Cole, T Jason Meredith
Dementia is a significant and costly health condition that affects 5 million adults and is the fifth leading cause of death among Americans older than 65 years. The prevalence of dementia will likely increase in the future because the number of Americans older than 65 years is expected to double by 2060. Risk factors for dementia include age; family history of dementia; personal history of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, or midlife obesity; use of anticholinergic medications; apolipoprotein E4 genotype; and lower education level...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661649/-overal-cognitive-assessment-in-basque-speaking-people-with-advanced-dementia-validation-to-the-basque-language-of-the-severe-mini-mental-state-examination-smmse-smmse-eus
#3
Cristina Buiza, Javier Yanguas, Amaia Zulaica, Iván Antón, Enrique Arriola, Alvaro García
INTRODUCTION: Adaptation and validation to the Basque language of tests to assess advanced cognitive impairment is a not covered need for Basque-speaking people. The present work shows the validation of the Basque version of the Severe Mini Mental State Examination (SMMSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 109 people with advanced dementia (MEC<15) took part in the validation study, and were classified as GDS 5-7 on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). All participants were Spanish-Basque bilingual...
April 13, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648959/the-feasibility-of-telephone-administered-cognitive-testing-in-individuals-1-and-2-years-after-inpatient-rehabilitation-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Karla Therese L Sy, Alexandra Landau, Yelena Bodien, Sureyya Dikmen, Elizabeth R Felix, Joseph T Giacino, Laura Gibbons, Flora M Hammond, Tessa Hart, Doug Johnson-Greene, Jeannie Lengenfelder, Anthony Lequerica, Jody Newman, Thomas Novack, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Gale Whiteneck
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) often results in cognitive impairment, and trajectories of cognitive functioning can vary tremendously over time across survivors. Traditional approaches to measuring cognitive performance require face-to-face administration of a battery of objective neuropsychological tests, which can be time- and labor-intensive. There are numerous clinical and research contexts in which in-person testing is undesirable or unfeasible, including clinical monitoring of older adults or individuals with disability for whom travel is challenging, and epidemiological studies of geographically dispersed participants...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643802/the-beneficial-effects-of-cognitive-training-with-simple-calculation-and-reading-aloud-scra-in-the-elderly-postoperative-population-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Kay Kulason, Rui Nouchi, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Masafumi Noda, Yoshinori Okada, Ryuta Kawashima
Background: There has been little research conducted regarding cognitive treatments for the elderly postsurgical population. Patients aged ≥60 years have an increased risk of postoperative cognitive decline, a condition in which cognitive functions are negatively affected. This cognitive decline can lead to a decline in quality of life. In order to maintain a high quality of life, the elderly postsurgical population may benefit from treatment to maintain and/or improve their cognitive functions. This pilot study investigates the effect of simple calculation and reading aloud (SCRA) cognitive training in elderly Japanese postsurgical patients...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600251/general-cognitive-impairment-as-a-risk-factor-for-motor-vehicle-collision-involvement-a-prospective-population-based-study
#6
Carrie Huisingh, Cynthia Owsley, Virginia G Wadley, Emily B Levitan, Marguerite R Irvin, Paul MacLennan, Gerald McGwin
This study examined whether cognitive impairment and decline as assessed by a brief mental status screening test is associated with future crash risk in a cohort of older drivers. A three-year prospective study was conducted in a population-based sample of 2000 licensed drivers aged 70 years and older. At the baseline visit, cognitive impairment was defined as <24 on the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE). Decline was defined as those with a 1-year change in MMSE scores in the lowest quartile (largest decrease)...
March 2018: Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439344/low-accuracy-of-brief-cognitive-tests-in-tracking-longitudinal-cognitive-decline-in-an-asian-elderly-cohort
#7
April Ka Sin Phua, Shaun Kuan Wei Hiu, Win King Goh, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Boon Yeow Tan, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Xin Xu
BACKGROUND: Researchers have questioned the utility of brief cognitive tests such as the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in serial administration and suggested that brief cognitive tests may not accurately track changes in Global Cognition. OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy of longitudinal changes on brief cognitive tests in reflecting progression in Global Cognition measured using comprehensive neuropsychological assessments...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407718/neurocognitive-correlates-of-treatment-response-in-children-with-tourette-s-disorder
#8
Susanna W Chang, Joseph F McGuire, John T Walkup, Douglas W Woods, Lawrence Scahill, Sabine Wilhelm, Alan L Peterson, James Dziura, John Piacentini
This paper examined neurocognitive functioning and its relationship to behavior treatment response among youth with Tourette's Disorder (TD) in a large randomized controlled trial. Participants diagnosed with TD completed a brief neurocognitive battery assessing inhibitory functions, working memory, and habit learning pre- and post-treatment with behavior therapy (CBIT, Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics) or psychoeducation plus supportive therapy (PST). At baseline, youth with tics and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) exhibited some evidence of impaired working memory and simple motor inhibition relative to youth with tics without ADHD...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394962/evaluating-dsm-5-insomnia-disorder-and-the-treatment-of-sleep-problems-in-a-psychiatric-population
#9
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Swapna Kamal Verma, Yee Ming Mok, Sunita Kumar, Sherilyn Chang, Pratika Satghare, Aditi Hombali, Janhavi Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
STUDY OBJECTIVES: With the introduction of insomnia disorder in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), greater emphasis has been placed on the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorder even in the presence of a coexisting mental disorder. The current study seeks to explore the clinical picture of insomnia in the context of psychiatric disorders commonly associated with sleep complaints by assessing the prevalence and correlates of DSM-5 insomnia disorder, and examining the extent to which insomnia symptoms have been addressed in this population...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259553/indication-of-cognitive-change-and-associated-risk-factor-after-thoracic-surgery-in-the-elderly-a-pilot-study
#10
Kay Kulason, Rui Nouchi, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Masafumi Noda, Yoshinori Okada, Ryuta Kawashima
Background: This pilot study investigated the effects of partial pulmonary lobectomy lung surgery on cognitive functions of elderly Japanese patients. It is recognized that elderly patients undergoing surgery have increased risk of Postoperative Cognitive Decline (POCD), a condition in which learning, memory, and processing speed is greatly reduced after surgery. Since elderly patients are more likely to exhibit symptoms of POCD, the incidence is increasing as the population receiving surgery is aging. Methods: Cognitive function was measured for all subjects ( n = 12) before and after surgery using three different cognitive tests: Mini-Mental Status Exam-Japanese (MMSE-J), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and a computerized Cogstate Brief Battery (CBB)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140491/validation-and-application-of-the-md-anderson-symptom-inventory-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-mdasi-tcm
#11
Zhandong Li, Qiuling Shi, Meng Liu, Liqun Jia, Bin He, Yufei Yang, Jie Liu, Hongsheng Lin, Huei-Kai Lin, Pingping Li, Xin Shelley Wang
Background: The MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) is a brief, yet thorough, patient-reported outcomes measure for assessing the severity of common cancer-related symptoms and their interference with daily functioning. We report the development of an MDASI version tailored for use with Traditional Chinese Medicine in China (the MDASI-TCM). Methods: Chinese-speaking patients with mixed cancer types (n = 317) participated in the study. The development and validation process included four steps: 1) identify candidate TCM-specific items, with input from patients, oncologists, and TCM specialists; 2) eliminate candidate TCM items lacking relevance, based on patient report; 3) psychometrically examine the MDASI-TCM's validity and reliability in cancer patients receiving TCM-based care; and 4) cognitively debrief patients to assess the MDASI-TCM's relevance, understandability, and acceptability...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131901/comparison-of-foveal-macular-and-peripapillary-intraretinal-thicknesses-between-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-neurotypical-subjects
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
José Javier García-Medina, María García-Piñero, Mónica Del-Río-Vellosillo, Jesarán Fares-Valdivia, Ana Belén Ragel-Hernández, Salvador Martínez-Saura, María Dolores Cárcel-López, Vicente Zanon-Moreno, María Dolores Pinazo-Duran, María Paz Villegas-Pérez
Purpose: To compare thicknesses of intraretinal layers segmented by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and neurotypical (NT) individuals. Methods: We performed 2 scans on 108 eyes from 54 participants (27 high-functioning ASD and 27 age- and sex-matched NT subjects): macular fast volume and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL). Macula was automatically segmented. The mean foveal and macular thickness of nine different layers and the thickness of nine pRNFL sectors were considered...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956311/-the-visual-association-test-to-study-episodic-memory-in-clinical-geriatric-psychology
#13
Han Diesfeldt, Marleen Prins, Gijs Lauret
The Visual Association Test (VAT) is a brief learning task that consists of six line drawings of pairs of interacting objects (association cards). Subjects are asked to name or identify each object and later are presented with one object from the pair (the cue) and asked to name the other (the target). The VAT was administered in a consecutive sample of 174 psychogeriatric day care participants with mild to major neurocognitive disorder. Comparison of test performance with normative data from non-demented subjects revealed that 69% scored within the range of a major deficit (0-8 over two recall trials), 14% a minor, and 17% no deficit (9-10, and ≥10 respectively)...
September 27, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925738/psychometric-properties-of-the-saint-louis-university-mental-status-examination
#14
Susan K Shwartz, Robin D Morris, Suzanne Penna
The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Using a sample of 148 male veterans referred to a Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Clinic for evaluation, the ability of the SLUMS to discriminate between MCI versus Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or no diagnosis was compared to results from a more comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903621/virtual-environments-as-an-assessment-modality-with-pediatric-asd-populations-a-brief-report
#15
Tyler C Duffield, Thomas D Parsons, Allisen Landry, Shaza Karam, Tiffany Otero, Sarah Mastel, Trevor A Hall
Virtual environments (VEs) have demonstrated promise as a neuropsychological assessment modality and may be well suited for the evaluation of children suspected of having an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some recent studies indicate their potential for enhancing reliability, ecologically validity, and sensitivity over traditional neuropsychological evaluation measures. Although research using VEs with ASD is increasing to the degree that several reviews of the literature have been conducted, the reviews to date lack rigor and are not necessarily specific to cognitive or neuropsychological assessment as many focus on intervention...
September 13, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843525/important-care-and-activity-preferences-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-nursing-home-residents
#16
Tonya J Roberts, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Maichou Lor, Daniel Liebzeit, Christopher J Crnich, Debra Saliba
OBJECTIVES: Person-centered care (PCC), which considers nursing home resident preferences in care delivery, has been linked to important outcomes such as improved quality of life, resident satisfaction with care, and mood and reduced behavioral symptoms for residents with dementia. Delivery of PCC fundamentally relies on knowledge of resident preferences. The Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0 Preference Assessment Tool (PAT) is a standardized, abbreviated assessment that facilitates systematic examination of preferences from a population of nursing home residents...
January 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800334/baseline-predictors-of-antipsychotic-treatment-continuation-and-response-at-week-8-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-with-psychosis-or-aggressive-symptoms-an-analysis-of-the-catie-ad-study
#17
Tomoyuki Nagata, Shinichiro Nakajima, Shunichiro Shinagawa, Eric Plitman, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Masaru Mimura
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate predictors of atypical antipsychotic (AAP) treatment continuation and response by week 8 in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) who have psychotic/aggressive symptoms using the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness-Alzheimer's Disease (CATIE-AD) dataset. METHODS: Clinical data was utilized from 421 AD outpatients with psychotic/aggressive symptoms who needed interventional treatment...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655133/the-effect-of-traumatic-brain-injury-history-with-loss-of-consciousness-on-rate-of-cognitive-decline-among-older-adults-with-normal-cognition-and-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#18
Yorghos Tripodis, Michael L Alosco, Nikolaos Zirogiannis, Brandon E Gavett, Christine Chaisson, Brett Martin, Michael D McClean, Jesse Mez, Neil Kowall, Robert A Stern
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is thought to be a risk factor for dementia, including dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the influence of TBI history on the neuropsychological course of AD is unknown and, more broadly, the effect of TBI history on age-related cognitive change is poorly understood. We examined the relationship between history of TBI with loss of consciousness (LOC) history and cognitive change in participants with normal cognition and probable AD, stratified by APOEɛ4 allele status...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605058/cardiovascular-pharmacogenomics-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#19
Kristen M Ward, A Zarina Kraal, Stephanie A Flowers, Vicki L Ellingrod
The authors sought to examine the impact of multiple risk alleles for cognitive dysfunction and cardiovascular disease risk on cognitive function and to determine if these relationships varied by cognitive reserve (CR) or concomitant medication use in patients with schizophrenia. They conducted a cross-sectional study in ambulatory mental health centers. A total of 122 adults with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were maintained on a stable antipsychotic regimen for at least 6 months before study enrollment were included...
September 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595276/premorbid-iq-predicts-postconcussive-symptoms-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-with-mtbi
#20
Jada J Stewart-Willis, Daniel Heyanka, Zoe Proctor-Weber, Heather England, Maya Bruhns
Objective: Extant literature has demonstrated that symptoms of postconcussive syndrome (PCS) persist well beyond the expected 3-month post-injury recovery period in a minority of individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Suboptimal performance on validity measures and pre- and post-injury psychosocial stressors - rather than actual mTBI or current cognitive functioning - have been identified as predictors of chronic PCS. Whether premorbid IQ has any influence on chronic PCS has been understudied, in the context of established psychogenic etiologies...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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