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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656500/mitochondria-glycogen-and-lipid-droplets-in-skeletal-muscle-during-testosterone-treatment-and-strength-training-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
R C Jensen, L L Christensen, J Nielsen, H D Schrøder, T Kvorning, K Gejl, K Højlund, D Glintborg, M Andersen
Low testosterone levels in aging men are associated with insulin resistance. Mitochondrial dysfunction, changes in glycogen metabolism, and lipid accumulation are linked to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, we investigated the effects of six-month testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) and strength training (ST) on mitochondrial, glycogen, and lipid droplet (LD) content in skeletal muscle of aging men with subnormal bioavailable testosterone (BioT) levels...
April 15, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652602/barriers-to-resistance-training-among-college-aged-women
#2
Nathan A Peters, Rebecca A Schlaff, Jeremy L Knous, Meghan Baruth
OBJECTIVE: To examine resistance training (RT) barriers among college-aged females. PARTICIPANTS: Female college students (n = 223) from a Midwestern university. METHODS: Data were collected in September 2014. Participants completed a survey assessing demographics, current and past RT habits, and barriers to resistance training. Descriptive statistics were used to examine barrier agreement. Differences between current and past RT participation, residency, and class standing were analyzed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651596/predictors-of-attendance-to-an-oncologist-referred-exercise-program-for-women-with-breast-cancer
#3
Kelcey A Bland, Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Amy A Kirkham, Alis Bonsignore, Cheri L Van Patten, Donald C McKenzie, Karen A Gelmon, Kristin L Campbell
PURPOSE: While exercise is associated with numerous benefits in women with breast cancer, adherence to exercise training concurrent to cancer treatment is challenging. We aimed to identify predictors of attendance to an oncologist-referred exercise program offered during and after adjuvant breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Women with early-stage breast cancer receiving chemotherapy (n = 68) enrolled in the Nutrition and Exercise During Adjuvant Treatment (NExT) study...
April 13, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644989/the-palliative-care-in-dementia-context-health-professionals-point-of-view-about-advantages-and-resistances
#4
Sabina Zapponi, Maria Chiara Ascari, Erjona Feracaku, Silvia Masin, Paola Paglia, Roberta Petroccione, Ana Pinzaru, Chiara Foà, Giovanna Artioli, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The 38/2010 law has expanded the provision of palliative care to patients with chronic-degenerative diseases. The ISTAT data show that 60% of the dying population is suffering from these diseases and could, according to the literature review, benefit particularly from such treatments. This study investigates the point of view of healthcare professionals, working in the context of dementia, regarding the knowledge and application of palliative care in the field of dementia...
March 26, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644889/comparing-exercise-responses-to-aerobic-plus-resistance-training-between-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-survivors-undergoing-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-and-healthy-women
#5
Thais R S de Paulo, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Juliana Viezel, Fabricio E Rossi, Bruna L Aro, Ana Carolina A C Trindade, Jamile S Codogno, Ismael F Freitas Junior
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy differ from healthy postmenopausal women in their response to the same aerobic + resistance training. METHODS: The participants were separated into two groups: postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy for an average of 20 months (18 women) and healthy postmenopausal women (24 women). We assessed aerobic capacity (predicted maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and maximum running velocity test (Vmax)) through a walking test, upper and lower body muscle strength using an estimated one-repetition maximum test, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and at three, six, and nine months, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644392/effect-of-a-rest-pause-vs-traditional-squat-on-electromyography-and-lifting-volume-in-trained-women
#6
John A Korak, Max R Paquette, Dana K Fuller, Jennifer L Caputo, John M Coons
PURPOSE: Rest-pause (4 s unloaded rest between repetitions) single session training effects on lifting volume, and muscle activity via electromyography (EMG) are currently vague in the literature and can benefit strength and conditioning professionals for resistance training program design. This study compared differences in volume lifted and muscle activity between a rest-pause vs. traditional protocol. METHODS: Trained females (N = 13) completed both a rest-pause and traditional squat protocol consisting of four sets to movement failure at 80% pretest 1 repetition maximum load with 2-min rest between sets...
April 11, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643828/lateralization-of-sucrose-responsiveness-and-non-associative-learning-in-honeybees
#7
David Baracchi, Elisa Rigosi, Gabriela de Brito Sanchez, Martin Giurfa
Lateralization is a fundamental property of the human brain that affects perceptual, motor, and cognitive processes. It is now acknowledged that left-right laterality is widespread across vertebrates and even some invertebrates such as fruit flies and bees. Honeybees, which learn to associate an odorant (the conditioned stimulus, CS) with sucrose solution (the unconditioned stimulus, US), recall this association better when trained using their right antenna than they do when using their left antenna. Correspondingly, olfactory sensilla are more abundant on the right antenna and odor encoding by projection neurons of the right antennal lobe results in better odor differentiation than those of the left one...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643822/working-memory-and-reinforcement-schedule-jointly-determine-reinforcement-learning-in-children-potential-implications-for-behavioral-parent-training
#8
Elien Segers, Tom Beckers, Hilde Geurts, Laurence Claes, Marina Danckaerts, Saskia van der Oord
Introduction: Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) is often provided for childhood psychiatric disorders. These disorders have been shown to be associated with working memory impairments. BPT is based on operant learning principles, yet how operant principles shape behavior (through the partial reinforcement (PRF) extinction effect, i.e., greater resistance to extinction that is created when behavior is reinforced partially rather than continuously) and the potential role of working memory therein is scarcely studied in children...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643516/-preliminary-study-of-robot-assisted-ankle-rehabilitation-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
R L Wang, Z H Zhou, Y C Xi, Q N Wang, N H Wang, Z Huang
OBJECTIVE: To propose a kind of robotic ankle-foot rehabilitation system for children with cerebral palsy and to preliminarily verify its feasibility in clinical application. METHODS: A robot assisted ankle-foot rehabilitation system was specially designed and developed for children with cerebral palsy and a preliminary clinical study was conducted in Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Peking University First Hospital. Modified Tardieu Scale and joint biomechanical properties (ankle plantar flexion resistance torque under different ankle dorsiflexion angles) were measured to analyze the muscle tone and soft tissue compliance of the ankle plantar flexors pre- and post-robotic training intervention...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642834/-risk-of-travel-associated-tuberculosis
#10
Süheyla Sürücüoğlu
Tuberculosis has spread by human movements throughout history. There have been reports indicating tuberculosis transmission on all travel vehicles, including aircrafts, ground vehicles and vessels until today. However, due to the ever increasing of air transportation and air travelling among countries with low and high tuberculosis incidence, transmission risk especially in aircrafts has become an important issue worldwide. But in many of the studies conducted in this regard, transmission of tuberculosis in aircrafts was found very low...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630066/the-microbe-directory-an-annotated-searchable-inventory-of-microbes-characteristics
#11
Heba Shaaban, David A Westfall, Rawhi Mohammad, David Danko, Daniela Bezdan, Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, Nicola Segata, Christopher E Mason
The Microbe Directory is a collective research effort to profile and annotate more than 7,500 unique microbial species from the MetaPhlAn2 database that includes bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. By collecting and summarizing data on various microbes' characteristics, the project comprises a database that can be used downstream of large-scale metagenomic taxonomic analyses, allowing one to interpret and explore their taxonomic classifications to have a deeper understanding of the microbial ecosystem they are studying...
January 5, 2018: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629290/the-combination-of-exercise-training-and-zataria-multiflora-supplementation-increase-serum-irisin-levels-in-postmenopausal-women
#12
Abbass Ghanbari-Niaki, Ayoub Saeidi, Mehdi Ahmadian, Leila Gharahcholo, Nooshin Naghavi, Mohammad Fazelzadeh, Soleiman Mahjoub, Stephen Myers, Andrew Williams
Background: We examined the effect of antioxidant supplementation and exercise on irisin within postmenopausal women. Methods: Forty-eight participants (age: 55.7 ± 4.9 years; weight: 68.0 ± 6.3 kg; BMI 27.0 ± 2.7; mean ± SD) were randomized into four groups for the eight week intervention: control group (CG; n  = 12), resistance training group (RTG; n  = 12), supplementation with Zataria multiflora group (ZG; n  = 12), or supplementation with Z...
March 2018: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628896/inflammatory-and-metabolic-responses-to-different-resistance-training-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-control-trial
#13
Bruna S de Alencar Silva, Fábio S Lira, Fabrício E Rossi, Dionei Ramos, Juliana S Uzeloto, Ana P C F Freire, Fabiano F de Lima, Luís A Gobbo, Ercy M C Ramos
Background: Low-grade inflammation can be present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which may affect the regulation of muscle protein and body metabolism. Regular exercise show improvement in muscle strength and dyspnea in patients with COPD, however, the response to training on inflammatory and metabolic disorders is unclear. In this study, we compared the effects of resistance training using weight machines and elastic resistance (bands and tubes) on the inflammatory and metabolic responses in patients with COPD...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628895/rpe-vs-percentage-1rm-loading-in-periodized-programs-matched-for-sets-and-repetitions
#14
Eric R Helms, Ryan K Byrnes, Daniel M Cooke, Michael H Haischer, Joseph P Carzoli, Trevor K Johnson, Matthew R Cross, John B Cronin, Adam G Storey, Michael C Zourdos
Purpose: To investigate differences between rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and percentage one-repetition maximum (1RM) load assignment in resistance-trained males (19-35 years) performing protocols with matched sets and repetitions differentiated by load-assignment. Methods: Participants performed squats then bench press 3x/weeks in a daily undulating format over 8-weeks. Participants were counterbalanced by pre-test 1RM then assigned to percentage 1RM (1RMG, n = 11); load-assignment via percentage 1RMs, or RPE groups (RPEG, n = 10); participant-selected loads to reach target RPE ranges...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627884/the-influence-of-post-exercise-cold-water-immersion-on-adaptive-responses-to-exercise-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
James R Broatch, Aaron Petersen, David J Bishop
Post-exercise cold-water immersion (CWI) is used extensively in exercise training as a means to minimise fatigue and expedite recovery between sessions. However, debate exists around its merit in long-term training regimens. While an improvement in recovery following a single session of exercise may improve subsequent training quality and stimulus, reports have emerged suggesting CWI may attenuate long-term adaptations to exercise training. Recent developments in the understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing the adaptive response to exercise in human skeletal muscle have provided potential mechanistic insight into the effects of CWI on training adaptations...
April 7, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626513/effects-of-exercise-training-on-adipose-tissue-apelin-expression-in-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-diabetic-rats
#16
Fahimeh Kazemi, Saleh Zahediasl
Apelin is an adipocyte-derived peptide that plays an important role in regulation of energy homoeostasis and decrease of insulin resistance. We investigated the effects of exercise training on adipose tissue apelin expression in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rats. In this experimental study, 38 male Wistar rats were assigned to 4 groups: sedentary diabetic, trained diabetic, sedentary non-diabetic and trained non-diabetic. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and nicotinamide in adult rats...
April 4, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626427/engineering-improved-balance-confidence-among-older-adults-with-complex-health-care-needs-learning-from-the-muscling-up-against-disability-study
#17
Sharon Hetherington, Tim Henwood, Paul Swinton, Justin Keogh, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of balance confidence with physical and cognitive markers of wellbeing among older adults receiving government-funded aged care services, and whether progressive resistance plus balance training could positively influence change. DESIGN: Intervention study. SETTING: Community-based older-adult-specific exercise clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N=245) with complex care needs who were receiving government aged care support...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626334/a-meta-analysis-of-resistance-training-in-female-youth-its-effect-on-muscular-strength-and-shortcomings-in-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Jason Moran, Gavin Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cain C T Clark, John F T Fernandes, Benjamin Drury
BACKGROUND: Resistance training is an effective way to enhance strength in female youth but, to date, no researcher has meta-analysed its effect on muscular strength in that population. OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis characterised female youths' adaptability to resistance training (RT). A second objective was to highlight the limitations of the body of literature with a view to informing future research. DATA SOURCES: Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science...
April 6, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626261/changes-in-borg-scale-for-resistance-training-and-test-of-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-undergoing-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Shinichiro Morishita, Tatsushi Wakasugi, Takashi Tanaka, Tetsuya Harada, Katsuji Kaida, Kazuhiro Ikegame, Hiroyasu Ogawa, Kazuhisa Domen
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between Borg scale and intensity of resistance training in patients who had undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Furthermore, the relationship between Borg scale, heart rate (HR), and intensity of exercise tolerance test was also studied. METHODS: The study included 28 patients (19 men and 9 women) who had undergone allo-HSCT between June 2015 and February 2017. Their knee extension strengths and exercise tolerances were evaluated...
April 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625622/effect-of-exercise-on-pain-and-functional-capacity-in-breast-cancer-patients
#20
Andréa Dias Reis, Paula Tamara Vieira Teixeira Pereira, Renata Rodrigues Diniz, Jurema Gonçalves Lopes de Castro Filha, Alcione Miranda Dos Santos, Bianca Trovello Ramallo, Florentino Assenço Alves Filho, Francisco Navarro, João Batista Santos Garcia
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of combined training on pain, fatigue, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), body mass index (BMI), flexibility, and strength in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A controlled pilot study with 28 patients undergoing chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and clinical observation in a renowned cancer treatment center; the patients were aged from 30 to 59 years old and were not engaged in physical training for three months previously. The Study Group (SG) underwent 12 weeks of training, including three 60-min sessions of aerobic exercise and resistance training, and two sessions of flexibility training per week; each flexibility exercise lasted 20 s and was performed in sets of three repetitions...
April 6, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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