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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771601/response-to-third-rubella-vaccine-dose
#1
Lotta Siira, Hanne Nøkleby, Regine Barlinn, Øystein R Riise, Ingeborg S Aaberge, Susanne G Dudman
Limited data exist on the immunogenicity of a third dose of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR). In this study, our aim was to evaluate the long-term rubella immunogenicity afforded by two childhood MMR doses of the Norwegian vaccination program in a cohort of conscripts and to determine the effect of an additional dose of MMR vaccine, in order to inform vaccination policy. Blood samples from Norwegian conscripts (n = 495) taken both before and eight months after administration of a dose of MMR vaccine were tested using an enzyme immunoassay to measure anti-rubella IgG...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769062/seroprevalence-of-hiv-htlv-cmv-hbv-and-rubella-virus-infections-in-pregnant-adolescents-who-received-care-in-the-city-of-bel%C3%A3-m-par%C3%A3-northern-brazil
#2
Aubaneide Batista Guerra, Leonardo Quintão Siravenha, Rogério Valois Laurentino, Rosimar Neris Martins Feitosa, Vânia Nakauth Azevedo, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak, Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado
BACKGROUND: Prenatal tests are important for prevention of vertical transmission of various infectious agents. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), rubella virus and vaccination coverage against HBV in pregnant adolescents who received care in the city of Belém, Pará, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 324 pregnant adolescents from 2009 to 2010...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766840/rubella-infection-in-pregnancy-and-congenital-rubella-in-united-kingdom-2003-to-2016
#3
Antoaneta Bukasa, Helen Campbell, Kevin Brown, Helen Bedford, Mary Ramsay, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Pat Tookey
Rubella vaccination has been included in the United Kingdom's (UK) routine childhood schedule for nearly 30 years. The UK achieved World Health Organization (WHO) elimination status in 2016 and acute rubella infections are rare. In the period 2003-16, 31 rubella infections in pregnancy (0.23 per 100,000 pregnancies) were identified through routine surveillance, of which 26 were in women who were born abroad. Five of the 31 rubella infections led to congenital rubella syndrome in the infant and three had confirmed congenital rubella infection without congenital rubella syndrome...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764984/parallel-evolution-of-common-allelic-variants-confers-flowering-diversity-in-capsella-rubella
#4
Li Yang, Hui-Na Wang, Xing-Hui Hou, Yu-Pan Zou, Ting-Shen Han, Xiao-Min Niu, Jie Zhang, Zhong Zhao, Marco Todesco, Sureshkumar Balasubramanian, Ya-Long Guo
Flowering time is an adaptive life history trait. Capsella rubella, a close relative of Arabidopsis thaliana and a young species, displays extensive variation for flowering time but low standing genetic variation due to an extreme bottleneck event, providing an excellent opportunity to understand how phenotypic diversity can occur with a limited initial gene pool. Here, we demonstrate that common allelic variation and parallel evolution at the FLC locus confer variation in flowering time in C. rubella. We show that two overlapping deletions in the 5' UTR region of C...
May 15, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757209/immunization-offer-targeting-migrants-policies-and-practices-in-italy
#5
Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Martina Del Manso, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Maria Grazia Caporali, Maria Grazia Dente, Silvia Declich
The unprecedented flow of migrants over the last three years places Italy in front of new issues regarding medical care from the rescue phase up to the integration into the national health services, including preventive actions. We used online questionnaires to investigate the Italian national and regional policies for immunization offer targeting asylum seekers, refugees, irregular migrants and unaccompanied minors. Another questionnaire was used to assess how these policies are translated into practice in migrant reception centres and community health services...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757123/the-role-of-humor-in-messaging-about-the-mmr-vaccine
#6
Emily Moyer-Gusé, Melissa J Robinson, Jessica Mcknight
Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased due, in part, to misconceptions about vaccine safety (Kennedy et al., 2011). Extant literature has examined various messages designed to correct false beliefs about vaccination risks and to urge parents to vaccinate their children. The present study is designed to contribute to this literature by drawing on the broader research and theory on resistance to persuasion and correcting false beliefs. We examine the effects of a humorous (vs. non-humorous) message about the importance of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine on parents' vaccine hesitancy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745869/ictv-virus-taxonomy-profile-togaviridae
#7
Rubing Chen, Suchetana Mukhopadhyay, Andres Merits, Bethany Bolling, Farooq Nasar, Lark L Coffey, Ann Powers, Scott C Weaver, Ictv Report Consortium
The Togaviridae is a family of small, enveloped viruses with single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genomes of 10-12 kb. Within the family, the genus Alphavirus includes a large number of diverse species, while the genus Rubivirus includes the single species Rubella virus. Most alphaviruses are mosquito-borne and are pathogenic in their vertebrate hosts. Many are important human and veterinary pathogens (e.g. chikungunya virus and eastern equine encephalitis virus). Rubella virus is transmitted by respiratory routes among humans...
May 10, 2018: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741721/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#8
Sean T O'Leary, David W Kimberlin, Yvonne A Maldonado
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, each of whom is appointed to a 4-year term. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. The ACIP met on October 25 and 26, 2017, to discuss herpes zoster vaccine, the child/adolescent and adult vaccination schedules, Japanese encephalitis (JE) epidemiology and vaccines, pneumococcal vaccines, anthrax vaccines and disaster preparedness, hepatitis A outbreaks, influenza surveillance and vaccination coverage, vaccine safety, and considerations for a potential third dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to combat ongoing mumps outbreaks...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741601/into-darkness-and-silence-what-caused-helen-keller-s-deafblindness
#9
Janet R Gilsdorf
In 1882, at 19 months of age, Helen Keller developed a febrile illness that left her both deaf and blind. Historical biographies attribute the illness to rubella, scarlet fever, encephalitis, or meningitis. This analysis of her illness suggests she likely had bacterial meningitis, caused by N. meningitidis or possibly H. influenzae.
May 5, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741129/decreased-antibodies-against-rubella-in-previously-vaccinated-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-childhood-systemic-lupus-erythematous-patients-a-prospective-case-control-study
#10
D N Maritsi, S Coffin, M Onoufriou, N Spyridis, M N Tsolia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720077/australian-paediatric-surveillance-unit-annual-report-2016
#11
Marie Deverell, Amy Phu, Yvonne Zurynski, Elizabeth Elliott
This report summarises the cases reported to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) of rare infectious diseases or rare complications of more common infectious diseases in children. During the calendar year 2016, there were approximately 1500 paediatricians reporting to the APSU and the monthly report card return rate was 90%. APSU continued to provide unique national data on the perinatal exposure to HIV, congenital rubella, congenital cytomegalovirus, neonatal and infant herpes simplex virus, and congenital and neonatal varicella...
September 1, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717799/information-education-and-health-behaviors-evidence-from-the-mmr-vaccine-autism-controversy
#12
Lenisa V Chang
In the wake of strong, although later refuted, claims of a link between autism and the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, I examine whether fewer parents immunized or delayed vaccinations for their children and if there was a differential response by mother's education level. Using various controls and a differencing strategy that compares in MMR take-up with other vaccines, I find that the MMR-autism controversy led to a decline in the immediate years and that there were negative spillovers onto other vaccines...
May 2, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717696/extension-of-french-vaccination-mandates-from-the-recommendation-of-the-steering-committee-of-the-citizen-consultation-on-vaccination-to-the-law
#13
Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Sylvie Quelet, François Bourdillon
On 4 December 2017, French parliamentarians passed a law extending the vaccination mandates for children up to 2 years of age from three vaccinations (against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) to 11 by adding vaccinations against pertussis, Haemophilus influenza b (Hib), hepatitis B, pneumococcal diseases, meningococcal C diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. This vote follows a recommendation made by the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination that took place in 2016. The law applies to all children born after 1 January 2018...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716667/can-flanders-resist-the-measles-outbreak-assessing-vaccination-coverage-in-different-age-groups-among-flemish-residents
#14
T Braeckman, H Theeten, M Roelants, S Blaizot, K Hoppenbrouwers, K Maertens, P Van Damme, C Vandermeulen
The Belgian strategic plan to eliminate measles contains several vaccination strategies including routine immunisation programmes and catch-up campaigns. A new expanded programme on immunisation-based survey (2016) assessed the uptake of the recommended measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in three different cohorts: toddlers, adolescents and parents of toddlers. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used to select 875 toddlers (age 18-24 months) and 1250 adolescents (born in 2000) from 107 municipalities in Flanders...
May 2, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716545/management-and-control-of-communicable-diseases-in-schools-and-other-child-care-settings-systematic-review-on-the-incubation-period-and-period-of-infectiousness
#15
Ida Czumbel, Chantal Quinten, Pierluigi Lopalco, Jan C Semenza
BACKGROUND: Information on the incubation period and period of infectiousness or shedding of infectious pathogens is critical for management and control of communicable diseases in schools and other childcare settings. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review (Pubmed and Embase) to identify and critically appraise all relevant published articles using incubation, infectiousness or shedding, and exclusion period as parameters for the search. No language, time, geographical or study design restrictions were applied...
May 2, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715254/recognizing-measles-mumps-and-rubella-in-the-emergency-department
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715253/recognizing-measles-mumps-and-rubella-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Tracie Gadler, Nicole Martinez, Jill Ogg-Gress
Measles, mumps, and rubella have impacted millions of American lives over the last 100 years. During the last century, researchers have identified viral diseases, developed a combination vaccine, and have continued ongoing research when outbreaks have occurred. Despite the high incidence of vaccinated individuals, these highly communicable diseases continue to flourish within clusters of outbreaks throughout the United States. Emergency medicine providers play a key role in early recognition and diagnosis of the disease...
April 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713357/torch-toxoplasmosis-rubella-cytomegalovirus-and-herpes-simplex-virus-screening-of-small-for-gestational-age-and-intrauterine-growth-restricted-neonates-efficacy-study-in-a-single-institute-in-korea
#18
Mi Hae Chung, Chan Ok Shin, Juyoung Lee
Purpose: Routine screening for toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and herpes simplex virus (TORCH) in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and small for gestational age (SGA) neonates has become a common practice. However, the incidence of TORCH varies across countries, and the cost of TORCH testing may be disadvantageous compared to disease-specific screening. To evaluate the efficacy of TORCH screening, the medical charts of IUGR or SGA neonates born in a single institution in Bucheon, Korea from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709991/population-size-dependency-of-measles-epidemic-that-was-scalable-from-japanese-prefectures-to-european-countries
#19
Hiroshi Yoshikura
Relation between number of measles patients (y) and population size (x) was expressed by an equation y = axs , where a is a constant and s the slope of the plot; s was 2.04-2.17 for prefectures in Japan, i.e., the number of patients was proportional to square of the prefecture population size. For European countries that joined European Union no later than 2009, the slope was 1.43-1.87. The measles' population dependency found among prefectures in Japan was thus scalable up to European countries. It was surprising because, unlike Japan, population density in EU countries was not uniform and not proportional to the population size...
April 27, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709062/management-of-newly-diagnosed-high-risk-and-intermediate-risk-follicular-lymphoma-with-90-y-ibritumomab-tiuxetan-in-a-phase-ii-study
#20
Neil L Berinstein, Nancy M Pennell, Rashmi Weerasinghe, Rena Buckstein, Eugenia Piliotis, Kevin R Imrie, Lisa Chodirker, Mary-Anne Cussen, Ellen Miles, Marciano D Reis, Zeina Ghorab, Matthew C Cheung
Five-year overall survival for high-risk Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index follicular lymphoma is only approximately 50% compared with 90% for low risk. To evaluate an approach to improve upon this poor outcome, we completed an exploratory phase II trial of intensified treatment for patients with intermediate and high-risk follicular lymphoma. Front-line treatment with chemo-immunotherapy consisting of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and prednisone was followed by radio- immunotherapy with 90-Yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan consolidation, and 2 years of rituximab maintenance...
April 30, 2018: Hematological Oncology
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