keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dysmotility

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231090/esophageal-dysmotility-in-patients-following-total-laryngectomy
#1
Teng Zhang, Julia Maclean, Michal Szczesniak, Paul P Bertrand, Harry Quon, Raymond K Tsang, Peter I Wu, Peter Graham, Ian J Cook
Objectives Dysphagia is common in total laryngectomees, with some symptoms suggesting esophageal dysmotility. Tracheoesophageal (TE) phonation requires effective esophagopharyngeal air passage. Hence, esophageal dysmotility may affect deglutition or TE phonation. This study aimed to determine (1) the characteristics of esophageal dysmotility in laryngectomees, (2) whether clinical history is sensitive in detecting esophageal dysmotility, and (3) the relationship between esophageal dysmotility and TE prosthesis dysfunction...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205691/intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-drug-and-device-refractory-patients-with-the-symptoms-of-gastroparesis-an-open-label-study
#2
M Ashat, A Lewis, H Liaquat, A Stocker, L McElmurray, V Vedanarayanan, K Soota, T Howell, A Kedar, J Obert, T L Abell
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis is a complex clinical entity; many aspects of which remain unknown. Although most patients have idiopathic, diabetic, or postsurgical gastroparesis, many are thought to have measurable neuromuscular abnormalities. Immunotherapy has recently been utilized to treat suspected autoimmune gastrointestinal dysmotility. METHODS: Fourteen patients with symptoms of gastroparesis (Gp) who were refractory to drug/device were selected from 443 Gp patients from 2013 to 2015 who were treated at the University of Louisville motility center...
December 4, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205096/anatomical-and-functional-changes-to-the-colonic-neuromuscular-compartment-after-experimental-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Amanda White, Gregory M Holmes
A profound reduction in colorectal transit time accompanies spinal cord injury (SCI), yet the colonic alterations after SCI have yet to be fully understood. The loss of descending supraspinal input to lumbosacral neural circuits innervating the colon is recognized as one causal mechanism. However, remodeling of the colonic enteric nervous system/smooth muscle junction in response to inflammation is recognized as one factor leading to colonic dysmotility in other pathophysiological models. We investigated the alterations to the neuromuscular junction in rats with experimental high-thoracic (T3) SCI...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193842/determining-the-risk-factors-and-clinical-features-associated-with-severe-gastrointestinal-dysmotility-in-systemic-sclerosis
#4
Zsuzsanna H McMahan, Julie J Paik, Fredrick M Wigley, Laura K Hummers
OBJECTIVE: A subset of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) develop severe gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility. We sought to determine predictors of severe SSc GI dysmotility and to identify distinct features associated with this phenotype. METHODS: Patients with SSc who required supplemental nutrition (enteral or parental tube feeding) were compared to SSc patients with mild GI symptoms in a cross-sectional analysis. The association between severe GI dysmotility and clinical and serological features was examined using logistic regression...
November 28, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185185/the-long-term-effects-of-the-adjustable-gastric-band-on-esophageal-motility-in-patients-who-present-for-band-removal
#5
Loic Tchokouani, Anusha Jayaram, Naif Alenazi, Gustavo Fernandez Ranvier, Gina Sam, Subhash Kini
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was one of the most popular surgical procedures in treating morbid obesity. Long-term effects, specifically on esophageal motility, of LAGB have not been well described in the literature despite the high prevalence of reoperations and post-operative dysphagia. We aimed to characterize esophageal dysmotility after long-term follow-up using data of high-resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) performed in patients who presented for LAGB removal...
November 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185015/esophageal-abnormalities-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#6
Marc S Levine, Laura R Carucci
Fluoroscopic esophagography is a widely available, safe, and inexpensive test for detecting gastroesophageal reflux disease. In this article, we review the technique for performing a high-quality esophagram, including upright, double-contrast views of the esophagus and cardia with high-density barium; prone, single-contrast views of the esophagus with low-density barium; and evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux. We then discuss the radiographic findings associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease, including esophageal dysmotility, reflux esophagitis, peptic strictures, and Barrett's esophagus...
November 28, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182640/changes-in-the-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-and-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-positive-neuronal-cells-with-aging-in-the-esophagus-of-f344-rats
#7
Hee Jin Kim, Nayoung Kim, Yong Sung Kim, Ryoung Hee Nam, Sun Min Lee, Ji Hyun Park, Daeun Choi, Young-Jae Hwang, Jongchan Lee, Hye Seung Lee, Min-Seob Kim, Moon Young Lee, Dong Ho Lee
The aging-associated cellular and molecular changes in esophagus have not been established, yet. Thus we evaluated histological structure, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-positive cells, and contractility in the esophagus of Fischer 344 rat at different ages (6-, 31-, 74-weeks, and 2-years). The lamina propria thickness and endomysial area were calculated. The immunoreactivity of c-Kit, nNOS and protein gene product (PGP) 9.5 was counted after immunohistochemistry. Expression of c-Kit, stem cell factor (SCF), nNOS and PGP 9...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182580/genes-and-gut-bacteria-involved-in-luminal-butyrate-reduction-caused-by-diet-and-loperamide
#8
Nakwon Hwang, Taekil Eom, Sachin K Gupta, Seong-Yeop Jeong, Do-Youn Jeong, Yong Sung Kim, Ji-Hoon Lee, Michael J Sadowsky, Tatsuya Unno
Unbalanced dietary habits and gut dysmotility are causative factors in metabolic and functional gut disorders, including obesity, diabetes, and constipation. Reduction in luminal butyrate synthesis is known to be associated with gut dysbioses, and studies have suggested that restoring butyrate formation in the colon may improve gut health. In contrast, shifts in different types of gut microbiota may inhibit luminal butyrate synthesis, requiring different treatments to restore colonic bacterial butyrate synthesis...
November 28, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177550/how-to-care-for-patients-with-ea-tef-the-known-and-the-unknown
#9
REVIEW
Hayat Mousa, Usha Krishnan, Maheen Hassan, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Rachel Rosen, Frédéric Gottrand, Christophe Faure
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Guidelines were recently published highlighting why esophageal atresia (EA) patients are prone to complication risks, and the need for long-term follow-up. In this review, we will focus on how to investigate and treat potential complications, as well as the pros and cons of different investigative and treatment modalities, and what areas continue to need further research. RECENT FINDINGS: EA patients are at high risk for gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal strictures, and the sequela that result...
November 25, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177065/patients-with-symptoms-of-delayed-gastric-emptying-have-a-high-prevalence-of-oesophageal-dysmotility-irrespective-of-scintigraphic-evidence-of-gastroparesis
#10
George Triadafilopoulos, Linda Nguyen, John O Clarke
Background: Patients with symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis exhibit several symptoms, such as epigastric pain, postprandial fullness, bloating and regurgitation. It is uncertain if such symptoms reflect underlying oesophageal motor disorder. Aims: To examine whether patients with epigastric pain and postprandial distress syndrome suggestive of functional dyspepsia and/or gastroparesis also have concomitant oesophageal motility abnormalities and, if so, whether there are any associations between these disturbances...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159902/histamine-enhanced-contractile-responses-of-gastric-smooth-muscle-via-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-the-syrian-hamster
#11
S Naganuma, T Shiina, S Yasuda, Y Suzuki, Y Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Gastric motility is controlled by the autonomic and enteric nervous systems and by interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). Although histamine is known to be released from enterochromaffin-like cells in the gastric mucosa, its regulatory roles in gastric motility are still controversial. Therefore, we investigated the functional roles of histamine in gastric motility. METHODS: Stomach preparations from hamsters were used because the stomach of hamsters can be easily separated into the forestomach and the glandular stomach...
November 21, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151499/effects-of-rhubarb-on-intestinal-dysmotility-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
Kentaro Shimizu, Mitsuru Kageyama, Hiroshi Ogura, Tomoki Yamada, Takeshi Shimazu
Intestinal dysmotility is a major problem in critically ill patients. This report describes the successful treatment of intestinal dysmotility with rhubarb as a laxative in six critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation.. Bowel movement and defecation occurred in all patients an average of 1.8 days after the administration of powdered rhubarb. In 4 patients who also had gastric reflux, the reflux volume via nasal tube was decreased an average of 3.5 days after the initiation of rhubarb treatment, and enteral nutrition was able to be started...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148930/use-of-mixed-oil-fat-emulsion-to-improve-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-in-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-case-report
#13
Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a life-saving therapy for patients who are not able to use their gastrointestinal tract. There are a number of complications associated with HPN, including metabolic bone disease, intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), and catheter-related bloodstream infections. We present a case of a 32-year-old HPN patient who initially developed biopsy-proven IFALD (total bilirubin, 2.4 mg/dL) while on long-term HPN. His HPN was initiated due to myopathic intestinal dysmotility and pseudo-obstruction when he was 15 years old...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143474/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-progress-in-management
#14
REVIEW
G Di Nardo, T B Karunaratne, S Frediani, R De Giorgio
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a severe form of gastrointestinal dysmotility (often due to derangement of the innervation/smooth muscle/interstitial cells of Cajal) with recurrent episodes of intestinal subocclusion mimicking a mechanical obstruction. Because of its complexity and heterogeneity, CIPO is often misdiagnosed or remains unrecognized until advanced stages. Management is a critical aspect in CIPO patient care. So far, most prokinetic drugs have not proven efficacy in restoring intestinal propulsion, thus nutritional support, fluid/electrolyte replacement, and antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment...
December 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123834/inhaled-hydrogen-ameliorates-endotoxin-induced-bowel-dysfunction
#15
Hiroyuki Sakata, Ayana Okamoto, Michiko Aoyama-Ishikawa, Hayato Yamashita, Keisuke Kohama, Noritomo Fujisaki, Taihei Yamada, Joji Kotani, Kohei Tsukahara, Atsuyoshi Iida, Atsunori Nakao
Aim: Gastrointestinal dysmotility frequently occurs during sepsis and multiple organ failure, remaining a major cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Previous studies have shown that hydrogen, a new therapeutic gas, can improve various organ damage associated with sepsis. In this study, we investigated the protective efficacies of inhaled hydrogen against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ileus. Methods: Sepsis was induced in rats and mice by a single i...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108502/colonic-adventitial-fibromuscular-dysplasia-a-nonspecific-arteriopathy-associated-with-hirschsprung-disease-and-other-obstructive-disorders
#16
Ameet I Thaker, Raj P Kapur
Background Smooth muscle differentiation ("adventitial fibromuscular dysplasia," AFD) was purported as specific to arteries in the transition zone of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) patients. We investigated AFD in an HSCR population and controls and consider the pathogenesis and significance of the vascular pathology. Design Vascular histology in sections from colonic HSCR resections (n = 55) was compared with age- and site-matched controls with (n = 19) and without (n = 28) non-HSCR obstructive conditions...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104809/mycobacterium-intracellulare-infection-mimicking-progression-of-scleroderma
#17
Simon Krabbe, Merete Engelhart, Sören Thybo, Søren Jacobsen
This case report describes a patient with scleroderma who developed Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, which for more than a year mimicked worsening of her connective tissue disorder. The patient was diagnosed with scleroderma based on puffy fingers that developed into sclerodactyly, abnormal nail fold capillaries, interstitial lung disease, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, and positivity for rheumatoid factor and anti-SSA antibodies. She developed massive inflammatory changes of the cutis, the subcutis, and the muscle fasciae of the right leg, that after several failed attempts of immunosuppressive treatments were found to be caused by Mycobacterium intracellulare...
2017: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082739/comparison-of-esophageal-motility-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-with-and-without-globus-sensation
#18
Yuming Tang, Jia Huang, Ying Zhu, Aihua Qian, Bin Xu, Weiyan Yao
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: This study aimed to compare the esophageal motility between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients with typical symptoms but without globus sensation and GERD patients only with globus symptoms. METHODS: A total of 57 consecutive GERD patients diagnosed by endoscopy or by 24-hour pH monitoring between May 2013 and September 2015 were included retrospectively into the study. The patients were grouped based on the presence or absence of globus...
October 30, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075290/ileostomy-prolapse-in-children-with-intestinal-dysmotility
#19
Eric A Sparks, Cristine S Velazco, Brenna S Fullerton, Jeremy G Fisher, Faraz A Khan, Amber M Hall, Tom Jaksic, Leonel Rodriguez, Biren P Modi
BACKGROUND: A relationship between intestinal motility and ileostomy prolapse has been suggested but not demonstrated objectively. AIMS: This study evaluated the association between ileostomy prolapse and intestinal dysmotility in children. METHODS: IRB-approved retrospective review of 163 patients with ileostomies (1998-2014) at a single institution. Patients were categorized as having clinical dysmotility as a primary diagnosis (n = 33), clinically suspected dysmotility based on underlying diagnosis (n = 60), or intestinal dysmotility unlikely (n = 70) at the time of ileostomy present...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059652/gerd-clinical-solutions-of-problems-in-general-practice
#20
Viacheslav Chernobroviy, Serhij Melashchenko, Oleh Ksenchyn
INTRODUCTION: A systematic review of the results of 15 epidemiological studies showed that the prevalence of GERD in the population of Western Europe and North America is 10-20%. The frequency of GERD prevalence in the population is obviously higher than that according to the data of statistics, due to the fact that only a small amount of patients with heartburn apply for medical care, and the fact that not all doctors, especially general practitioners, devote sufficient attention to this problem...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
keyword
keyword
15322
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"