Read by QxMD icon Read

Rehabilitation for brachial plexus lesions

Menno van der Holst, Jeroen Groot, Duco Steenbeek, Willem Pondaag, Rob Ghh Nelissen, Thea Pm Vliet Vlieland
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) on societal participation of adolescents and adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with NBPP, aged ≥16 years, who had visited our NBPP clinic. Patients completed questions on the influence of NBPP on their choices regarding education/work and their work-performance, the Impact on Participation/Autonomy questionnaire and the Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-P)...
September 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
José Fernando Guedes-Corrêa, Maristella Reis da Costa Pereira, Francisco José Lourenço Torrão-Junior, José Vicente Martins, Daniel Alves Neiva Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients are often kept immobilized during hospitalization to avoid self-inflicted injuries and danger to third parties. Inadequate positioning can lead to brachial plexus injuries (BPI). OBJECTIVE: To present a series of 5 psychiatric patients with BPI after being left sedated and restrained for prolonged periods of time during hospitalization. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 5 psychiatric patients with iatrogenic BPI referred by other institutions to our service...
March 1, 2018: Neurosurgery
C Macke, M Winkelmann, P Mommsen, C Probst, B Zelle, C Krettek, C Zeckey
AIMS: To analyse the influence of upper extremity trauma on the long-term outcome of polytraumatised patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 629 multiply injured patients were included in a follow-up study at least ten years after injury (mean age 26.5 years, standard deviation 12.4). The extent of the patients' injury was classified using the Injury Severity Score. Outcome was measured using the Hannover Score for Polytrauma Outcome (HASPOC), Short Form (SF)-12, rehabilitation duration, and employment status...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
Anne-Laure Emond, Lélia Bertoni, Maeva Seignour, Virginie Coudry, Jean-Marie Denoix
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features, diagnostic procedures, management, and outcome of horses with peripheral neuropathy of a forelimb. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 27 horses. PROCEDURES Records from 2000 to 2013 were reviewed to identify horses with peripheral neuropathy of a forelimb. Horses were grouped as having predominant lesions of a suprascapular nerve, axillary nerve, or radial nerve (alone or in association with other brachial plexus nerves) on the basis of physical examination and diagnostic imaging findings...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Mohammed Monem, Mohamad Khalid Iskandarani, Kishan Gokaraju
We discuss the case of an independent 80-year-old Caucasian woman, being treated with new oral anticoagulants for a previous deep vein thrombosis, who had fallen on her right shoulder. She made a delayed presentation to the emergency department with a wrist drop in her right dominant hand. She had right arm bruising with good distal pulses but had a global neurological deficit in the hand. Plain radiographs of the shoulder, humerus, elbow, forearm and wrist demonstrated no fractures. MRI showed a significant right axillary lesion distorting the surrounding soft tissues, including the brachial plexus, and CT with contrast confirmed this to be a large axillary pseudoaneurysm...
August 17, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Mariano Socolovsky, Gilda di Masi, Gonzalo Bonilla, Miguel Domínguez Paez, Javier Robla, Camilo Calvache Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists surrounding the use of the phrenic nerve for transfer in severe brachial plexus injuries. The objectives of this study are: (1) to present the experience of the authors using the phrenic nerve in a single institution; and (2) to thoroughly review the existing literature to date. METHODS: Adult patients with C5-D1 and C5-C8 lesions and a phrenic nerve transfer were retrospectively included. Patients with follow-up shorter than 18 months were excluded...
June 2015: Acta Neurochirurgica
Ernesta Magistroni, Davide Ciclamini, Bernardino Panero, Valter Verna
Neuropathic pain following brachial plexus injury is a severe sequela that is difficult to treat. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) has been proved to reduce neuropathic pain after nerve injury, even though the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This case report describes the use of ultrasound-guided PRF to reduce neuropathic pain in a double-level upper extremity nerve injury. A 25-year-old man who sustained a complete left brachial plexus injury with cervical root avulsion came to our attention. Since 2007 the patient has suffered from neuropathic pain (NP) involving the ulnar side of the forearm, the proximal third of the forearm, and the thumb...
2014: Case Reports in Medicine
Conny de Heer, Heleen Beckerman, Vincent de Groot
PURPOSE: To study the influence of obstetric brachial plexus lesion (OBPL) on arm-hand function and daily functioning in adults, and to investigate the relationship of arm-hand function and pain to daily functioning. METHOD: Adults with unilateral OBPL who consulted the brachial plexus team at the VU University Medical Center in the past were invited to participate. Daily functioning was measured with the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire and the SF36, pain with VAS Pain Scales and arm-hand function with the Nine Hole Peg Test (9-HP-test) and the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT)...
2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
Chih-Ya Chang, Yung-Tsan Wu, Liang-Cheng Chen, Rai-Chi Chan, Shin-Tsu Chang, Shang-Lin Chiang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are few reports in the literature of adverse effects resulting from massage therapy (MT) and no reports of brachial plexus injury (BPI) associated with MT. This case report describes an uncommon case of BPI that developed after a session of MT and reviews previously published reports of peripheral nerve injury following MT. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 58-year-old Asian woman developed sudden unilateral paralysis of her left shoulder girdle after a session of MT...
January 2015: Physical Therapy
Kevin R Scott, Aiesha Ahmed, Linda Scott, Milind J Kothari
Peripheral nerve lesions are common and can present in a variety of ways. Peripheral nerve injury can result from a broad spectrum of causes. For the majority of patients, rehabilitation is generally indicated regardless of etiology. Evaluation and treatment by a multidisciplinary team including neurologists, psychiatrists, surgeons, occupational and physical therapists, and therapists with specialized training in orthotics maximizes the potential for recovery. This chapter will focus on those upper and lower extremity neuropathies that are most commonly seen in clinical practice...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Serdar Kesikburun, Özlem Köroğlu Omaç, Mehmet Ali Taşkaynatan, Ahmet Özgül, Arif Kenan Tan
OBJECTIVE: We report here a case of neoplastic brachial plexopathy detected by musculoskeletal ultrasonography in a patient with chronic cervicobrachialgia. METHODS/RESULTS: A 71-year-old man presented at Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Turkish Armed Forces Rehabilitation Center, Ankara, Turkey with a one-year history of cervicobrachial pain radiating to the left arm and numbness in the medial aspect of the left arm and hand. He could not tolerate magnetic resonance imaging because his pain was exacerbated by cervical extension...
February 2012: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
S Lerch, T Berndt, W Lipka, O Rühmann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the procedure is arthrodesis of the shoulder by osteosynthesis of the glenohumeral and the acromiohumeral joint each with three screws, which results in preservation of scapulothoracic motion and pain relief. INDICATIONS: Traumatic brachial plexus lesions, palsy in infancy, poliomyelitis with preserved or restorable function of the elbow and the hand. Paralysis of the deltoid muscle and the rotator cuff. Nonrestorable vast defect of the rotator cuff with pseudoparalysis...
July 2011: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Mattias K Sköld, Mikael Svensson, Jack Tsao, Thomas Hultgren, Thomas Landegren, Thomas Carlstedt, Staffan Cullheim
The Karolinska Institutet 200-year anniversary symposium on injuries to the spinal cord and peripheral nervous system gathered expertise in the spinal cord, spinal nerve, and peripheral nerve injury field spanning from molecular prerequisites for nerve regeneration to clinical methods in nerve repair and rehabilitation. The topics presented at the meeting covered findings on adult neural stem cells that when transplanted to the hypoglossal nucleus in the rat could integrate with its host and promote neuron survival...
2011: Frontiers in Neurology
Tuula Nylund, Ville M Mattila, Tapani Salmi, Harri K Pihlajamäki, Jyrki P Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: Brachial plexus lesions as a consequence of carrying a heavy backpack have been reported, but the typical clinical course and long-term consequences are not clear. Here we evaluated the clinical course and pattern of recovery of backpack palsy (BPP) in a large series of patients. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive patients with idiopathic BPP were identified from our population of 193,450 Finnish conscripts by means of computerised register. A physiotherapist provided instructions for proper hand use and rehabilitative exercises at disease onset...
2011: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
V Dvorák
From May to December 1996 the author treated at his Clinic five patients with injuries of the anchoring of the labrum superior and anchoring of the long head of the biceps. Snyder describes these injuries as SLAP -superior labrum anterior posterior. Only the development of arthroscopic technique provided new findings on these lesions. Anamnestic data and the clinical picture closely resemble the impingement syndrome. Here too irritation of the rotator cuff occurs but the cause is intraarticular. Theoretical work provides evidence that injuries of this type lead to reduction of the torsion rigidity of the shoulder joint reduced tension of the lower glenohumeral ligament...
1997: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
S J Nissen, E R Laskowski, T D Rizzo
Burner syndrome (brachial plexus injury) is common in contact sports, especially on the football field, but not always benign. Our case report describes a 15-year-old football player who suffered burner symptoms that resolved quickly but led to shoulder weakness and neck pain a few days later. Detailed serial clinical examinations are imperative for proper classification of burner injuries. Cervical root lesions, shoulder injuries, and other plexus or nerve involvement must be excluded. Rehabilitation includes physical modalities and range-of-motion, stretching, and strengthening exercises for cervical, shoulder, and elbow muscles...
June 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Andreas Gohritz, Marcus Spies, Jan Fridén, Karsten Knobloch, Andreas Steiert, Mehmet A Altintas, Mehmet Altintas, Peter M Vogt
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction of active elbow flexion against gravity (strength grade > or =M(3)) by transfer of the latissimus dorsi muscle in order to improve the functionality of the upper extremity. INDICATIONS: Irreparable lesions of the musculocutaneous nerve (C(5)/6). Failure of regeneration after peripheral nerve reconstruction for the musculocutaneous nerve (neurolysis, suture, nerve grafting). Brachial plexus injury (lesions to the upper part, C(5)/6). Loss of biceps function due to trauma, ischemia, poliomyelitis or tumor...
June 2009: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Pierluigi Tos, Stefano Artiaco, Igor Papalia, Ignazio Marcoccio, Stefano Geuna, Bruno Battiston
Translation of laboratory results to the patient is a critical step in biomedical research and sometimes promising basic science and preclinical results fail to meet the expectations when translated to the clinics. End-to-side (ETS) nerve regeneration is an example of an innovative neurobiological concept, which, after having generated great expectations in experimental and preclinical studies, provided very conflicting results when applied to clinical case series. A number of basic science studies have shown that ETS neurorrhaphy, in fact, is able to induce collateral sprouting from donor nerve's axons, allowing for massive repopulation of the distal nerve stump...
2009: International Review of Neurobiology
U A C Okafor, S R A Akinbo, O G Sokunbi, A O Okanlawon, C C Noronha
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Erb's Duchenne paralysis constitutes the single commonest form of brachial plexus injury. Treatment intervention is mainly by physical therapy and surgery. Popular or conventional physiotherapy approaches include exercise therapy, tactile stimulation, soft tissue manipulation techniques and functional splinting. The role of electrical stimulation has been reported in literature but not without differing opinions on its efficacy in early resolution of infantile Erbs palsy...
October 2008: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
L B Dahlin
Nerve injuries extend from simple nerve compression lesions to complete nerve injuries and severe lacerations of the nerve trunks. A specific problem is brachial plexus injuries where nerve roots can be ruptured, or even avulsed from the spinal cord, by traction. An early and correct diagnosis of a nerve injury is important. A thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the peripheral nerve trunk as well as of basic neurobiological alterations in neurons and Schwann cells induced by the injury are crucial for the surgeon in making adequate decisions on how to repair and reconstruct nerves...
2008: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"