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Plexus palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446814/nerve-surgery-in-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-report-of-68-cases
#1
Maher Barsaoui, Hatem Safi, Walid Said, Med Nabil Nessib
BACKGROUND: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy aredue to elongation of the brachial plexus during delivery by increasing thedistance between the head and shoulder. The majority of paralysis recoverspontaneously, but in some cases, nerve repair is necessary. The timing of thisnerve surgery and criteria for its indication are topics of discussion in theworld literature.The aim of this study is to askdirections and to evaluate the contribution of nerve surgery in improving theprognosis of this disease...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400678/a-comparative-study-of-rehabilitation-therapy-in-traumatic-upper-limb-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#2
Cristian Milicin, Elena Sîrbu
INTRODUCTION: Lower motor neurons are the only neurons of the central nervous system (CNS) with the ability to regenerate without any intervention after an axotomy. AIM: This present study was conducted to analyze clinical and electrophysiological parameters in four groups of upper limb peripheral neuropathies, before and after treatment, comparing the results obtained after three cures of complex rehabilitation therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected a number of 107 patients (66 women and 41 men) aged between 29 and 77 years (mean age = 49...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395601/reliability-and-validity-of-the-brachial-plexus-outcome-measure-in-children-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#3
Zeynep Hosbay, Safiye Ozkan, Muberra Tanriverdi, Atakan Aydin
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement and cross-sectional study. INTRODUCTION: Numerous scales have been developed to examine activities of daily living and function in children with brachial plexus palsy. The Brachial Plexus Outcome Measure (BPOM) scale was developed in 2012 by Emily S. Ho and contains 14 items that measure activity and self-evaluation. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to cross-culturally translate the BPOM scale into Turkish and test its measurement properties in children with brachial plexus palsy...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369125/derotational-pronation-producing-osteotomy-of-the-radius-and-biceps-tendon-rerouting-for-supination-contractures-in-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy-patients
#4
Casey M DeDeugd, Alexander Y Shin, William J Shaughnessy
Forearm supination contractures can occur as a result of neurological derangement of the upper extremity. Primarily, this is observed in patients with neonatal brachial plexus birth palsy. The contractures develop slowly over time and become problematic in childhood as the patients begin requiring forearm pronation for activities of daily living including typing on a keyboard and writing. Although supination contracture is a well-described sequelae of neonatal brachial plexus birth palsy, there is a paucity of literature describing techniques and outcomes for reconstruction and restoration of forearm pronation...
January 23, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355794/surgical-results-of-common-peroneal-nerve-neuroplasty-at-lateral-fibular-neck
#5
John Souter, Kevin Swong, Matthew McCoyd, Neelam Balasubramanian, Magan Nielsen, Vikram C Prabhu
BACKGROUND: Common peroneal nerve (CPN) compressive neuropathy is the most common lower extremity entrapment neuropathy. MATERIALS & METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained single-institution database of all cases of CPN palsy that underwent decompression and neuroplasty over a five-year period was performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients underwent a neuroplasty of the CPN over a five year period (2010-2015) at our institution...
January 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327223/one-bone-forearm-osteodesis-and-biceps-re-routing-to-correct-severe-supination-contracture-in%C3%A2-a-paediatric-patient-with-late-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#6
Ricardo Monreal
PURPOSE: The one-bone forearm arthrodesis has been performed to change the position of the forearm in children with fixed supination deformity due to upper extremity neurologic deficit. In this article, we present a retrospective review of children with late obstetric brachial plexus palsy who underwent palliative surgery to correct severe supination contracture by one-bone forearm osteodesis and biceps re-routing. This technique has not been described previously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, four consecutive patients with upper extremity weakness and severe supination contracture who underwent forearm osteodesis in neutral or slight pronation and biceps re-routing...
January 12, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318427/mr-neurography-in-traumatic-non-obstetric-paediatric-brachial-plexopathy
#7
Vaishali Upadhyaya, Divya Narain Upadhyaya, Brijesh Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have elaborated on the role of magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) in evaluating traumatic brachial plexopathies. Most of these deal with MR findings in adult traumatic plexopathies or children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). Hence, the authors felt the need for this particular study, which focuses on MRN findings in children with non-obstetric traumatic brachial plexus palsy, to find out the distribution and severity of injuries in these patients...
January 9, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305362/axillary-artery-aneurysm-combined-with-brachial-plexus-palsy-due-to-takayasu-arteritis
#8
Denise Kim, Graham Roche-Nagle
We report the case of a young female patient who presented with a right axillary artery aneurysm with neurological symptoms due to Takayasuarteritis (TA). Decompression of the aneurysm and arterial repair with an interposition vein bypass resulted in a full recovery. The case emphasises that peripheral aneurysms can occur due to TA and that there may be neurological complications.
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288113/early-botulinum-toxin-injections-in-infants-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-safety-and-effectiveness
#9
REVIEW
Jean-Sébastien Bourseul, Anais Molina, Mael Lintanf, Laetitia Houx, Emmanuelle Chaléat-Valayer, Christelle Pons, Sylvain Brochard
OBJECTIVE: To report current evidence regarding the safety of intramuscular BTI in children with orthopaedic- and neurological-related musculoskeletal disorders under the age of 2 years. DATA SOURCE: PUBMED, The Cochrane Library, and Science Direct, Google Scholar and Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently selected studies based on predetermined inclusion criteria. DATA EXTRACTION: Data relating to the aim were extracted...
December 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285664/pectoralis-minor-transfer-for-elbow-flexion-restoration-in-late-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#10
Vanessa Costil, Claudia Romana, Frank Fitoussi
PURPOSE: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) may result in a severe impairment of upper limb function, especially when major motor functions do not recover with or without early microsurgical reconstruction. Various methods to restore elbow flexion have been described. The aim of this study was to report the results after pectoralis minor transfer for elbow flexion restoration in late OBPP. METHODS: Nineteen patients were included. Mean age at surgery was six years (range, 2...
December 28, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280873/comparison-of-surgical-strategies-between-proximal-nerve-graft-and-or-nerve-transfer-and-distal-nerve-transfer-based-on-functional-restoration-of-elbow-flexion-a-retrospective-review-of-147-patients
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ching-Hsuan Hu, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang, Johnny Chuieng-Yi Lu, Vincent G Laurence, David Chwei-Chin Chuang
BACKGROUND: Surgical strategy to treat incomplete brachial plexus injury with palsies of the shoulder and elbow by using proximal nerve graft/transfer or distal nerve transfer is still debated. The aim of this study was to compare both strategies with respect to the recovery of elbow flexion. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven patients were enrolled: 76 patients underwent reconstruction using proximal nerve graft/transfer, and 71 patients underwent reconstruction using distal nerve transfer...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223630/postoperative-loss-of-midline-function-in-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#12
Dustin A Greenhill, Arianna Trionfo, Frederick V Ramsey, Scott H Kozin, Dan A Zlotolow
PURPOSE: To identify the rate of and predictive variables for functionally limited shoulder internal rotation in postoperative patients with brachial plexus birth palsy. METHODS: Records of patients with brachial plexus birth palsy who had surgery on the affected upper extremity during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographics, physical examinations, and all upper extremity procedures were recorded. Loss of midline function (LOM) was defined as a Modified Mallet Scale or Active Movement Scale (AMS) internal rotation score <3...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219789/oberlin-transfer-compared-with-nerve-grafting-for-improving-early-supination-in-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#13
Kate W C Chang, Thomas J Wilson, Miriana Popadich, Susan H Brown, Kevin C Chung, Lynda J S Yang
OBJECTIVE The use of nerve transfers versus nerve grafting for neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) remains controversial. In adult brachial plexus injury, transfer of an ulnar fascicle to the biceps branch of the musculocutaneous nerve (Oberlin transfer) is reportedly superior to nerve grafting for restoration of elbow flexion. In pediatric patients with NBPP, recovery of elbow flexion and forearm supination is an indicator of resolved NBPP. Currently, limited evidence exists of outcomes for flexion and supination when comparing nerve transfer and nerve grafting for NBPP...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214081/a-rare-complication-of-a-tap-block-performed-after-caesarean-delivery
#14
Osman Nawazish Salaria, Murlikrishna Kannan, Bryan Kerner, Howard Goldman
The transversus abdominis plane block is a regional anesthesia technique that has become popular. Being a relatively simple procedure, the TAP block has an excellent safety profile and major complications are rare. We present a case of transient femoral nerve palsy occurring after a TAP block with involvement of the sacral plexus for a patient who had undergone a caesarean section.
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199193/effect-of-virtual-reality-versus-conventional-physiotherapy-on-upper-extremity-function-in-children-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-injury
#15
S El-Shamy, R Alsharif
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate the effects of virtual reality versus conventional physiotherapy on upper extremity function in children with obstetric brachial plexus injury. METHODS: Forty children with Erb's palsy were selected for this randomized controlled study. They were assigned randomly to either group A (conventional physiotherapy program) or group B (virtual reality program using Armeo® spring for 45 min three times/week for 12 successive weeks)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169721/active-range-of-motion-over-time-in-patients-with-obstetrical-brachial-plexus%C3%A2-palsy-a-10-year-analysis
#16
Robert Bains, Abdullah Kattan, Christine G Curtis, Derek Stephens, Gregory Borschel, Howard M Clarke
PURPOSE: In our experience, and from the personal report of others, children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy appear to lose some of their initially recovered active range of motion over the time in both operated and nonsurgical patients. This study investigates whether such a diminution of active movement occurs over time. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from our obstetrical brachial plexus clinic. Between 1991 and 2000, 139 patients with a minimum follow-up of 10 years were included in the study...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134042/direct-nerve-sutures-in-extended-upper-obstetric-brachial-plexus-repair
#17
J Bahm, A Gkotsi, S Bouslama, W El-Kazzi, F Schuind
Background  In rare, selected cases of severe (extended) upper obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP), after supraclavicular exposure and distal mobilization of the traumatized trunks and careful neuroma excision, we decided to perform direct nerve coaptation with tolerable tension and immobilized the affected arm positioned in adduction and 90-degree elbow flexion for three weeks. Objectives  We present our surgical technique and preliminary results in a prospective open patient series, including 22 patients (14 right and 8 left side affected) between 2009 and 2016, operated at a mean age of 8...
January 2017: Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092081/novel-findings-in-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-study-of-corpus-callosum-volumetry-and-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-sensorimotor-network
#18
Kishore Kislay, Bhagavatula Indira Devi, Dhananjaya Ishwar Bhat, Dhaval Prem Shukla, Arun Kumar Gupta, Rajanikant Panda
BACKGROUND: The response of the brain to obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) is not clearly understood. We propose that even a peripheral insult at the developmental stage may result in changes in the volume of white matter of the brain, which we studied using corpus callosum volumetry and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) of sensorimotor network. OBJECTIVE: To study the central neural effects in OBPP. METHODS: We performed an MRI study on a cohort of 14 children who had OBPP and 14 healthy controls...
October 28, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042331/the-first-experience-of-triple-nerve-transfer-in-proximal-radial-nerve-palsy
#19
Mohammadreza Emamhadi, Sasan Andalib
BACKGROUND: Injury to distal of posterior cord of brachial plexus leads to palsy of the radial and axillary nerves. The symptoms are usually motor deficits of the deltoid muscle, triceps brachii muscle, and the extensor muscles of the wrist, thumb and fingers. Tendon transfers, nerve grafts, and nerve transfers are options of surgical treatment of proximal radial nerve palsy to restore some motor functions. Tendon transfer is painful, requires a long immobilization, and decreases donor muscle strength; nevertheless, nerve transfer produces promising outcome...
October 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016426/the-epidemiology-of-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy-in-the-united-states-declining-incidence-and-evolving-risk-factors
#20
Christopher J DeFrancesco, Divya K Shah, Benjamin H Rogers, Apurva S Shah
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) in the United States may be changing over time due to population-level changes in obstetric care. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database from 1997 to 2012 was analyzed. Annual estimates of BPBP incidence and disease determinant distribution were calculated for the general population and the study population with BPBP. Long-term trends were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to quantify the risk associated with each determinant...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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