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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526940/-perigenicular-osteotomies
#1
EDITORIAL
A B Imhoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526613/the-role-of-trochanteric-flip-osteotomy-in-fixation-of-certain-acetabular-fractures
#2
Sandeep Gupta, Jagdeep Singh, Jagandeep Singh Virk
PURPOSE: Complete visualization of certain acetabular fractures of posterior wall or column with cranial extension involving superior dome from standard surgical exposures is a challenge. Osteotomy of the greater trochanter has been used to enhance fracture visualization, especially the dome, in posterior and lateral exposures of the acetabulum. It also decreases the need for excessive muscle retraction. The purpose of the study was to investigate the outcome associated with trochanteric flip osteotomy in the management of certain acetabulum fractures...
March 23, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526551/assessment-of-vertical-ridge-augmentation-in-anterior-aesthetic-zone-using-onlay-xenografts-with-titanium-mesh-versus-the-inlay-bone-grafting-technique-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
M Mounir, S Mounir, A A Elfetouh, M A Shaker
The aim of this study was to evaluate the final vertical gain at the deficient anterior maxillary alveolar ridges using onlay bone grafts with titanium mesh versus inlay bone grafting. This was a single institutional randomized comparative clinical trial. The study population included 16 patients, with edentulous anterior maxillary alveolar ridges (40 implant sites) who were presented and treated at the Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine in Cairo University from September 2013 to August 2015. Selected patients were randomly divided into two equal groups...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525667/functional-results-in-periacetabular-osteotomy-is-it-possible-to-obtain-a-normal-gait-after-the-surgery
#4
Aydın Gahramanov, Fatma İnanıcı, Ömür Çağlar, Cemalettin Aksoy, Ahmet Mazhar Tokgözoğlu, Senem Güner, Aysun Baki, Bülent Atilla
INTRODUCTION: Gait analysis is one of the poorly understood dimensions of the functional results obtained after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) due to dysplasia of the hip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spatiotemporal parameters as well as coronal and sagittal plane kinematics and moments were compared among three demographically similar groups of subjects: (i) 23 patients with excellent results according to the Harris Hip Score (HHS) (mean 6.6 years of follow-up); (ii) 12 patients with good and fair results according to the HHS (mean 9...
May 19, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525408/rebound-deformity-after-growth-modulation-in-patients-with-coronal-plane-angular-deformities-about-the-knee-who-gets-it-and-how-much
#5
Lise A Leveille, Ozan Razi, Charles E Johnston
BACKGROUND: With observed success and increased popularity of growth modulation techniques, there has been a trend toward use in progressively younger patients. Younger age at growth modulation increases the likelihood of complete deformity correction and need for implant removal before skeletal maturity introducing the risk of rebound deformity. The purpose of this study was to quantify magnitude and identify risk factors for rebound deformity after growth modulation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing growth modulation with a tension band plate for coronal plane deformity about the knee with subsequent implant removal...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523641/sandwich-bone-graft-for-vertical-augmentation-of-the-posterior-maxillary-region-a-case-report-with-9-year-follow-up
#6
Kenko Tanaka, Irena Sailer, Yoshihiro Kataoka, Shinnosuke Nogami, Tetsu Takahashi
The loss of teeth followed by bone resorption often lead to defects in the alveolar ridge, making installation of dental implants difficult. Correction of such bone defects, especially lack of height of the ridge, is a difficult problem for all dental surgeons. This report describes the outcome of treatment after alveolar ridge augmentation in the atrophic posterior maxillary region via segmental sandwich osteotomy combined with placement of an interpositional autograft prior to placement of endosseous implants...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522383/cranium-bifidum-occultum-associated-with-hypertelorism-treated-with-posterior-vault-reconstruction-and-orbital-box-osteotomies-case-report-and-technical-note
#7
Rimal H Dossani, David M Yates, Piyush Kalakoti, Anil Nanda, Christina Notarianni, Jennifer Woerner, Ghali E Ghali
Cranium bifidum occultum is a disorder of skull ossification presenting as an enlarged posterior fontanelle in the upper posterior angle of the parietal bone near the intersection of the sagittal and lambdoid sutures. The standard treatment for cranium bifidum occultum is observation. We present a case of a 5-year-old boy who presented with a 15x4.5 cm midline posterior cranial vault defect consistent with diagnosis of cranium bifidum occultum associated with orbital hypertelorism and a widened nose. The patient underwent posterior vault reconstruction for correction of cranium bifidum occultum defect followed by bifrontal craniotomy and orbital box osteotomies for correction of orbital hypertelorism and nasal deformity...
May 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521382/-coincidence-and-therapy-of-dysalignments-and-degenerative-knee-cartilage-lesions-results-from-the-german-cartilageregistry-dgou
#8
Gunter Spahn, Jürgen Fritz, Dirk Albrecht, Peter Angele, Stefan Fickert, Matthias Aurich, Gunther O Hofmann, Phillip Niemeyer
Purpose This multicenter study was aimed to evaluate the coincidence of degenerative knee cartilage lesions with a varus or valgus dysalignment. Furthermore, the frequency of the combined surgery of cartilage treatments and corrective osteotomies are determined. Material and Methods A total of 1778 patients were included in the German CartilageRegistry (deadline 01.08.2016). In 90.6% of patients, the surgeon calculated the alignment by clinical observation. Varus or valgus conditions were measured radiologically in only 56...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521184/one-stage-posterior-grade-4-osteotomy-and-bone-graft-fusion-at-pseudarthrosis-for-the-treatment-of-kyphotic-deformity-with-andersson-lesions-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#9
Tingxian Ling, Bangjian Zhou, Ce Zhu, Xi Yang, Yueming Song, Zhe Qiang, Limin Liu
OBJECTIVES: The optimal surgical procedure for treating kyphotic deformity with Andersson lesions (ALs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients is controversial. The one-stage posterior osteotomy and bone graft fusion approach is rarely reported. The aim of the present study was to report a new surgical procedure involving one-stage posterior grade 4 osteotomy and bone graft fusion for the treatment of kyphotic deformity with ALs in AS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients with ALs in AS were enrolled...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521149/long-term-outcomes-of-external-femoral-derotation-osteotomies-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Sylvia Õunpuu, Matthew Solomito, Katharine Bell, Kristan Pierz
External femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) is an orthopaedic intervention to correct increased femoral anteversion and associated excessive internal hip rotation and internal foot progression during gait in children with cerebral palsy. The resulting functional issues may include clearance problems and hip abductor lever-arm dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term gait outcomes of FDO. Twenty ambulatory patients (27 sides) with cerebral palsy who underwent pre-operative (P0) and a one year post-operative (P1) gait analysis as part of the standard of care had a second post-operative analysis (P2) approximately 11 years post-surgical intervention...
April 29, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520812/the-effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-osseous-healing-in-dogs-undergoing-high-tibial-osteotomy
#11
Samuel P Franklin, Emily E Burke, Shannon P Holmes
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhances osseous healing in conjunction with a high tibial osteotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty-four client-owned pet dogs with naturally occurring rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament and that were to be treated with a high tibial osteotomy (tibial plateau leveling osteotomy) were randomized into the treatment or control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516218/a-high-fat-diet-can-affect-bone-healing-in-growing-rats
#12
Jéssica Suzuki Yamanaka, Gabriela Rezende Yanagihara, Bruna Leonel Carlos, Júnia Ramos, Brígida Batista Brancaleon, Ana Paula Macedo, João Paulo Mardegan Issa, Antônio Carlos Shimano
A high-fat diet (HFD) can have a negative effect on bone quality in young and old people. Although bone healing in children is normally efficient, there is no evidence that children who have a diet rich in fat have compromised bone fracture regeneration compared with children with recommended dietary fat levels. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of an HFD on bone healing in growing female rats. Twenty-six postweaning female Wistar rats were divided into two groups (13 animals per group): a standard diet (SD) group and an HFD (with 60% of energy from fat) group...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515525/management-of-an-intraoperatively-damaged-endotracheal-tube-in-a-case-of-difficult-airway-using-fibre-optic-bronchoscope-with-minimal-apnoea-period
#13
Jayachandran Himarani, S Mary Nancy, V B Krishna Kumar Raja, S Shanmuga Sundaram
Damage to the endotracheal tube (ETT) is common in head and neck surgeries, especially in maxillary osteotomy. Airway management in such a crisis is crucial as there is risk of aspiration of blood into lungs, hypoxia and apnoea. This case illustrates a patient with an anticipated difficult airway who had an intraoperative damage to the ETT and was successfully managed by re-intubation with fiberoptic bronchoscope in a minimal apnoea period of <15 s using a new technique.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515028/augmentation-of-the-infraorbital-rim-in-orthognathic-surgery
#14
T Fattahi, S Salman, B Steinberg
Mid-face augmentation via a Le Fort I osteotomy is a commonly performed operation. Advancement of the upper jaw and associated structures (nose, lower cheek areas) can certainly improve function as well as facial aesthetics and harmony. Often, in patients with severe mid-face deficiency, hypoplasia of the maxilla extends all the way up to the infraorbital rims. The receding infraorbital rim contributes to the negative vector of the globes. In patients with this level of mid-face hypoplasia, while advancing the maxilla at the Le Fort I level satisfies all of the requirements for orthognathic surgery, the deficient infraorbital rim remains unchanged and can actually accentuate the negative vector of the globes...
May 14, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514500/histology-of-the-distal-dural-ring
#15
Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, William R Copeland, Aditya Raghunathan, Michael J Link
BACKGROUND: The distal dural ring (DDR) is a conserved intracranial anatomic structure marking the boundary point at which the internal carotid artery (ICA) exits the cavernous sinus (CS) and enters the subarachnoid space. Although the CS has been well described in a range of anatomic studies, to our knowledge no prior study has analyzed the histologic relationship between the ICA and DDR. Correspondingly, our objective was to assess the relationship of the DDR to the ICA and determine whether the DDR can be dissected from the ICA and thus divided, or can only be circumferentially trimmed around the artery...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513428/slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-a-review-of-management-in-the-hip-impingement-era
#16
Mahmoud A Mahran, Mostafa M Baraka, Hany M Hefny
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) remains the most common adolescent hip disorder. Most cases present with stable slips, and in situ fixation is the most commonly adopted treatment worldwide. The introduction of the concept of femoroacetabular impingement and subsequent studies have revealed SCFE-related hip impingement to be a significant pre-arthritic condition, and the previously suggested remodeling of the proximal femur after in situ fixation has been called into question. Complex proximal femoral osteotomies and more recently intra-articular procedures via surgical hip dislocation have been employed...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511570/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-following-corrective-osteotomy-for-distal-radius-malunion-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Cyril Gary, Ajul Shah, Jack Kanouzi, Alyssa R Golas, Jordan D Frey, Brian Le, Jacques Hacquebord, Vishal Thanik
BACKGROUND: Although median nerve neuropathy and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are known complications of both untreated and acutely treated distal radius fracture, median neuropathy after correction of distal radius malunion is not commonly reported in hand surgery literature. We describe a patient with severe CTS after corrective osteotomy, open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) with a volar locking plate (VLP), and bone grafting for distal radius malunion. METHODS: We report a case of severe acute CTS as a complication of corrective osteotomy with bone grafting for distal radius malunion...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511466/management-of-cubitus-varus-deformity-in-children-by-closed-dome-osteotomy
#18
Partap Singh Verka, Ujjwal Kejariwal, Bijendra Singh
INTRODUCTION: Supracondylar fractures are the most common elbow injuries in skeletally immature children between 5-10 years of age and cubitus varus deformity is the most common late complication. Cubitus varus or bow elbow or gunstock deformity is the result of malunion occurring as a complication of supracondylar fracture of the humerus. Various type of corrective osteotomies are used of which lateral closed wedge French osteotomy is commomly used which has its own complications like lateral condylar prominence, unsightful scar and limitation of movement...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507870/intraoperative-change-in-defect-size-during-maxillary-reconstruction-using-surgical-guides-created-by-cad-cam
#19
Daiki Morita, Toshiaki Numajiri, Hiroko Nakamura, Shoko Tsujiko, Yoshihiro Sowa, Makoto Yasuda, Shigeru Hirano
Surgical osteotomy guides created by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) have been developed and are now widely used in maxillofacial reconstruction. However, there are no standard procedures for dealing with an intraoperative change in defect size. We report on a case in which we used our CAD/CAM guides to deal with an intraoperative change in defect size in a maxillary reconstruction. We planned the maxillary reconstruction using a free fibula flap because of left maxillary sinus cancer in a 73-year-old man...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507779/spinal-osteotomies-indications-limits-and-pitfalls
#20
REVIEW
Kamil Cagri Kose, Omer Bozduman, Ali Erkan Yenigul, Servet Igrek
The aims of spinal deformity surgery are to achieve balance, relieve pain and prevent recurrence or worsening of the deformity.The main types of osteotomies are the Smith-Petersen osteotomy (SPO), pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO), bone-disc-bone osteotomy (BDBO) and vertebral column resection (VCR), in order of increasing complexity.SPO is a posterior column osteotomy in which the posterior ligaments and the facet joints are removed and correction is performed through the disc space. A mobile anterior disc is essential...
March 2017: EFORT Open Rev
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