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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325432/wide-awake-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-extensor-central-slip-tenotomy-for-chronic-mallet-finger-a-prospective-study-of-14-cases-with-videos
#1
T Apard, G Candelier
The central slip tenotomy described by Fowler is an effective option for treating chronic mallet finger in order to avoid swan neck deformity of the finger. In a prospective study of 14 cases (13 failures of conservative treatment and one case of untreated mallet finger), we performed percutaneous ultrasound-guided central slip tenotomy with a 19 G needle using the wide-awake local anesthesia and no tourniquet (WALANT) technique. The mean extensor lag before surgery was 28° (range 20°-40°) and three patients had a swan neck deformity...
April 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299267/postsurgical-consequences-in-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction-using-micromotor-and-piezosurgery
#2
Freddy Kersi Mistry, Nidarsh Diwakar Hegde, Mithra Nidarsh Hegde
BACKGROUND: One of the most critical and crucial steps in surgical extraction is cutting the bone or osteotomy, for which many techniques are used, e.g., chisels and mallet, rotary instruments, and ultrasound bone-cutting instruments. If they are not used judiciously, they can be hazardous. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficiency of piezosurgery unit over micromotor while performing surgical extraction of lower third molars by assessing the time taken for the surgery and measuring postoperative parameters such as pain, trismus, and swelling...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284450/erratum-to-prognosis-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-france-2008-2013-a-nationwide-observational-and-hospital-based-study
#3
Vincent Mallet, Kamal Hamed, Michaël Schwarzinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274605/the-outcomes-of-extension-block-pinning-and-nonsurgical-management-for-mallet%C3%A2-fracture
#4
Jun O Yoon, Hyungki Baek, Jae Kwang Kim
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the clinical and radiographic results of patients with a mallet fracture involving more than one-third of the articular surface, but without a high degree of distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint subluxation, treated with extension block pinning or nonsurgical management. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with a mallet fracture involving more than one-third of the articular surface were reviewed. Twenty-six cases were treated using extension block pinning (surgery group) and 23 were treated nonsurgically (nonsurgical group)...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272093/elevated-procalcitonin-is-associated-with-bacterial-infection-during-acute-liver-failure-only-when-unrelated-to-acetaminophen-intoxication
#5
Maxime Mallet, Maela Haq, Simona Tripon, Maguy Bernard, Hedi Benosman, Dominique Thabut, Marika Rudler
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) in predicting bacterial infection and survival without transplantation upon admission in the ICU for acute liver failure (ALF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2009 until October 2015, all cases of ALF patients admitted in our ICU were retrospectively reviewed and included in the study if the PCT level upon admission was available. Patients with pre-existing liver pathology or ALF in a context of already advanced multiorgan failure were excluded...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253369/a-new-mathematical-model-of-bacterial-interactions-in-two-species-oral-biofilms
#6
Bénédicte Martin, Zohreh Tamanai-Shacoori, Julie Bronsard, Franck Ginguené, Vincent Meuric, Fabrice Mahé, Martine Bonnaure-Mallet
Periodontitis are bacterial inflammatory diseases, where the bacterial biofilms present on the tooth-supporting tissues switch from a healthy state towards a pathogenic state. Among bacterial species involved in the disease, Porphyromonas gingivalis has been shown to induce dysbiosis, and to induce virulence of otherwise healthy bacteria like Streptococcus gordonii. During biofilm development, primary colonizers such as S. gordonii first attach to the surface and allow the subsequent adhesion of periodontal pathogens such as P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240203/-tuning-transgene-expression-with-an-artificial-diet-a-compelling-resource-in-gene-therapy
#7
Alain Bruhat, Cédric Chaveroux, Valérie Carraro, Céline Jousse, Julien Averous, Anne-Catherine Maurin, Laurent Parry, Florent Mesclon, Yuki Muranishi, Patrick Baril, Anh Do Thi, Philippe Ravassard, Jacques Mallet, Pierre Fafournoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239376/a-mature-nk-profile-at-the-time-of-hiv-primary-infection-is-associated-with-an-early-response-to-cart
#8
Françoise Gondois-Rey, Antoine Chéret, Françoise Mallet, Ghislain Bidaut, Samuel Granjeaud, Camille Lécuroux, Mickaël Ploquin, Michaela Müller-Trutwin, Christine Rouzioux, Véronique Avettand-Fenoël, Andrea De Maria, Gilles Pialoux, Cécile Goujard, Laurence Meyer, Daniel Olive
Natural killer (NK) cells are major effectors of the innate immune response. Despite an overall defect in their function associated with chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, their role in primary HIV infection is poorly understood. We investigated the modifications of the NK cell compartment in patients from the ANRS-147-Optiprim trial, a study designed to examine the benefits of intensive combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in patients with acute or early primary HIV infection. Multiparametric flow cytometry combined with bioinformatics analyses identified the NK phenotypes in blood samples from 30 primary HIV-infected patients collected at inclusion and after 3 months of cART...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238173/chronic-low-grade-peripheral-inflammation-is-associated-with-severe-nicotine-dependence-in-schizophrenia-results-from-the-national-multicentric-face-sz-cohort
#9
G Fond, F Berna, M Andrianarisoa, O Godin, M Leboyer, L Brunel, B Aouizerate, D Capdevielle, I Chereau, T D'Amato, H Denizot, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, F Gabayet, P M Llorca, J Mallet, D Misdrahi, C Passerieux, R Richieri, R Rey, A Schandrin, M Urbach, P Vidailhet, L Boyer, F Schürhoff
Chronic peripheral inflammation (CPI) has been associated with cognitive impairment in schizophrenia (SZ). However, its sources remain unclear, more specifically it is not known whether tobacco smoking is a source of inflammation or not in SZ subjects. Moreover, nicotine (NIC), the major psychoactive compound of tobacco, shows strong anti-inflammatory properties in vitro, as well as inducing a severe biological dependence when administered repeatedly. The objective of the present study was to determine if CPI was associated with tobacco smoking and/or NIC dependence in schizophrenia...
February 25, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229417/a-simplified-and-systematic-method-to-isolate-culture-and-characterize-multiple-types-of-human-dental-stem-cells-from-a-single-tooth
#10
Mohammed Bakkar, Younan Liu, Dongdong Fang, Camille Stegen, Xinyun Su, Murali Ramamoorthi, Li-Chieh Lin, Takako Kawasaki, Nicholas Makhoul, Huan Pham, Yoshinori Sumita, Simon D Tran
This chapter describes a simplified method that allows the systematic isolation of multiple types of dental stem cells such as dental pulp stem cells (DPSC), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC), and stem cells of the apical papilla (SCAP) from a single tooth. Of specific interest is the modified laboratory approach to harvest/retrieve the dental pulp tissue by minimizing trauma to DPSC by continuous irrigation, reduction of frictional heat from the bur rotation, and reduction of the bur contact time with the dentin...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222122/poor-replication-validity-of-biomedical-association-studies-reported-by-newspapers
#11
Estelle Dumas-Mallet, Andy Smith, Thomas Boraud, François Gonon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the replication validity of biomedical association studies covered by newspapers. METHODS: We used a database of 4723 primary studies included in 306 meta-analysis articles. These studies associated a risk factor with a disease in three biomedical domains, psychiatry, neurology and four somatic diseases. They were classified into a lifestyle category (e.g. smoking) and a non-lifestyle category (e.g. genetic risk). Using the database Dow Jones Factiva, we investigated the newspaper coverage of each study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205487/a-novel-surgical-technique-for-chronic-mallet-finger-injury-a-case-report
#12
Taku Suzuki, Naoto Inaba, Kazuki Sato
A 39-year-old man injured his left little finger and was diagnosed with chronic tendon mallet with -50° of extension and 80° of flexion at the DIP joint. We performed an anatomical reconstruction of the terminal tendon and both lateral bands with divided palmaris longus tendon grafting. Postoperative range of motion at the DIP joint improved to -5° of extension with no flexion loss. We demonstrated a novel surgical technique for chronic tendon mallet injury that might represent a useful choice for the treatment of chronic mallet finger injury...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200111/real-time-assessment-of-health-care-requirements-during-the-zika-virus-epidemic-in-martinique
#13
Alessio Andronico, Frédérique Dorléans, Jean-Louis Fergé, Henrik Salje, Frédéric Ghawché, Aissatou Signate, Elise Daudens-Vaysse, Laure Baudouin, Timothée Dub, Maite Aubry, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau, Martine Ledrans, Harold Noel, Henri-Pierre Mallet, Arnaud Fontanet, André Cabié, Simon Cauchemez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192619/genomic-signatures-of-adaptation-to-wine-biological-aging-conditions%C3%A2-in-biofilm-forming-flor-yeasts
#14
A L Coi, F Bigey, S Mallet, S Marsit, G Zara, P Gladieux, V Galeote, M Budroni, S Dequin, J L Legras
The molecular and evolutionary processes underlying fungal domestication remain largely unknown despite the importance of fungi to bioindustry and for comparative adaptation genomics in eukaryotes. Wine fermentation and biological aging are performed by strains of S. cerevisiae with, respectively, pelagic fermentative growth on glucose, and biofilm aerobic growth utilizing ethanol. Here, we use environmental samples of wine and flor yeasts to investigate the genomic basis of yeast adaptation to contrasted anthropogenic environments...
February 13, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188545/a-review-of-mallet-finger-and-jersey-finger-injuries-in-the-athlete
#15
REVIEW
Abdo Bachoura, Alex J Ferikes, John D Lubahn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this review are to discuss the diagnosis and management of mallet and jersey finger injuries in athletes and to highlight how treatment impacts return to play. RECENT FINDINGS: Mallet finger: although numerous non-operative and operative techniques have been described, there continues to be little consensus regarding the optimal procedure. Jersey finger: ultrasound appears to be a cost-effective imaging modality that may be useful for preoperative planning...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186828/is-the-muscle-the-only-potential-target-of-desipramine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Dany Jaffuel, Jean-Pierre Mallet, Yves Dauvilliers, Arnaud Bourdin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168390/supramolecular-chitosan-micro-platelets-synergistically-enhance-anti-candida-albicans-activity-of-amphotericin-b-using-an-immunocompetent-murine-model
#17
Tiphany Grisin, Christian Bories, Martina Bombardi, Philippe M Loiseau, Valérie Rouffiac, Audrey Solgadi, Jean-Maurice Mallet, Gilles Ponchel, Kawthar Bouchemal
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to design new chitosan conjugates able to self-organize in aqueous solution in the form of micrometer-size platelets. When mixed with amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB-DOC), micro-platelets act as a drug booster allowing further improvement in AmB-DOC anti-Candida albicans activity. METHODS: Micro-platelets were obtained by mixing oleoyl chitosan and α-cyclodextrin in water. The formulation is specifically-engineered for mucosal application by dispersing chitosan micro-platelets into thermosensitive pluronic(®) F127 20 wt% hydrogel...
February 6, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161491/shoulder-and-elbow-kinematics-during-the-mallet-score-in-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy
#18
Olivier Herisson, Nathalie Maurel, Amadou Diop, Morgane Le Chatelier, Adeline Cambon-Binder, Franck Fitoussi
BACKGROUND: The physical signs of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy range from temporary upper-limb dysfunction to a lifelong impairment and deformity in one arm. The aim of this study was to analyze the kinematics of the upper limb and to evaluate the contribution of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy children. METHODS: Six children participated in this study: 2 males and 4 females with a mean age of 11.7years. Three patients had a C5, C6 lesion and 3 had a C5, C6, C7 lesion...
January 15, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160395/a-novel-disorder-of-sex-development-characterized-by-progressive-regression-of-testicular-function-and-cystic-leukoencephalopathy
#19
Massimiliano Rossi, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Audrey Labalme, Frédérique Dijoud, Delphine Mallet-Motak, Carmen Adina Petcu, Renaud Touraine, Christine Vianey-Saban, Laurent Guibaud, Patrick Edery, Damien Sanlaville, Yves Morel
We report a novel syndromic disorder of sex development observed in three male siblings, presenting with the association of micropenis without hypospadias, cryptorchidism, very low level of antimüllerian hormone in the neonatal period, and no persistent müllerian duct structures, suggesting a progressive regression of testicular function. The patients described here showed a striking neurological involvement including bilateral periventricular cysts observed in the anterior part of the frontal horns prenatally and increasing in size and number over time, associated with infra and supratentorial parenchymal atrophy, dilated ventricular system, corpus callosum hypoplasia, severe intellectual disability, and epilepsy...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159304/sensitivity-of-laccase-activity-to-the-fungicide-tebuconazole-in-decomposing-litter
#20
J Artigas, F Rossi, M Gerphagnon, C Mallet
The present study investigates the sensitivity of laccase activity to the fungicide tebuconazole (TBZ) in order to seek for new functional toxicity descriptors in aquatic microbial communities associated to decomposing litter. With this aim, we analyzed the sensitivity of laccase from the different microbial components (fungi and bacteria growing separately and in co-existence), as well as that of their corresponding enzyme fractions (cell bound and diffusible), forming microbial communities in Alnus glutinosa leaves...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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