keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kidney

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001002/kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-full-guidelines
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458234/ultrasonographic-anatomy-of-reproductive-female-leopard-geckos-eublepharis-macularius
#3
Ophélie Cojean, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Isabelle Masseau
Captive leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) often present to the exotic clinic for gastrointestinal impactions, follicular stasis, or dystocia. To our knowledge, normal ultrasonographic anatomy of these lizards has not been described. The objectives of this prospective, anatomic, analytical study were to develop ultrasound techniques for this species and to describe the normal sonographic anatomy of the head, coelomic cavity, and tail. Eleven, healthy, female leopard geckos were included. A linear array 13-18 MHz transducer was used...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458174/networks-that-link-cytoskeletal-regulators-and-diaphragm-proteins-underpin-filtration-function-in-drosophila-nephrocytes
#4
Simi Muraleedharan, Aksah Sam, Helen Skaer, Maneesha S Inamdar
Insect nephrocytes provide a valuable model for kidney disease, as they are structurally and functionally homologous to mammalian kidney podocytes. They possess an exceptional macromolecular assembly, the nephrocyte diaphragm (ND), which serves as a filtration barrier and helps maintain tissue homeostasis by filtering out wastes and toxic products. However, the elements that maintain nephrocyte architecture and the ND are not understood. We show that Drosophila nephrocytes have a unique cytoplasmic cluster of F-actin, which is maintained by the microtubule cytoskeleton and Rho-GTPases...
February 16, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458171/toxicology-studies-of-furosine-in-vitro-in-vivo-and-exploration-of-the-related-mechanism
#5
Hui-Ying Li, Lei Xing, Jia-Qi Wang, Nan Zheng
AIM: Furosine is one of the Maillard reaction products (MRPs) and is found in a variety of heat-processed food. Yet its toxicity is still unclear. The present study was designed to assess furosine toxicity in cell models and in CD-1 mice, respectively. METHODS: In vitro, the effects of furosine on the cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis (Hek293, HepG2, SK-N-SH and Caco2) were detected and evaluated, sensitive cell lines and proper dosage of furosine for further animal experiment were determined, and the mechanisms of toxicity were explored...
February 16, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458096/identification-of-macrophage-related-candidate-genes-in-lupus-nephritis-using-bioinformatics-analysis
#6
Bingyan Shu, Yi Fang, Weichun He, Junwei Yang, Chunsun Dai
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a chronic autoimmune disorder. Here we try to identify the candidate genes in macrophages related to LN. We performed a systematic search in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database for microarray in human mononuclear cells and mouse macrophages of LN. The results of clustering and venn analysis of different GEO datasets showed that 8 genes were up-regulated and 2 genes down-regulated in samples from both human and mouse LN. The data from gene network and GO analysis revealed that CD38 and CCL2 were localized in the core of the network...
February 16, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458016/renal-toxicological-evaluations-of-sulphonated-nanocellulose-from-khaya-sengalensis-seed-in-wistar-rats
#7
Adewale Adewuyi, Chiagoziem A Otuechere, Olusegun L Adebayo, Chibuzo Anazodo, Fabiano V Pereira
Nanocellulose is currently gaining attention due to its unique properties. This attention includes its application as building blocks for developing novel functional materials, plant drug and also in drug delivery systems. However, its safety remains largely untested or less understood. Thus, sulphonated nanocellulose (KSS) was prepared from cellulose (KSC) isolated from Khaya senegalensis seed (KS). KS, KSC and KSS were characterized using Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), particle size distribution (PSD), zeta potential and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
February 16, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457991/protection-of-sheep-by-vaccination-against-experimental-challenge-with-leptospira-borgpetersenii-serovar-hardjo-and-l-interrogans-serovar-pomona
#8
W J Clough, P R Little, A Hodge, V C Chapman, D K Holz
AIMS: To evaluate a multivalent leptospiral and clostridial vaccine for prevention of renal colonisation and urinary shedding in sheep, following experimental challenge with New Zealand strains of Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo type Hardjobovis and Leptospira interrogans serovar Pomona. METHODS: Two separate but similarly designed studies were conducted. In both studies, Romney cross lambs, aged 9-11 weeks, were randomly allocated to a vaccinated group and a control group...
February 19, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457859/post-infectious-acute-glomerulonephritis-with-podocytopathy-induced-by-parvovirus-b19-infection
#9
Satoshi Hara, Masayoshi Hirata, Kiyoaki Ito, Ichiro Mizushima, Hiroshi Fujii, Kazunori Yamada, Michio Nagata, Mitsuhiro Kawano
Human parvovirus B19 infection causes a variety of glomerular diseases such as post-infectious acute glomerulonephritis and collapsing glomerulopathy. Although each of these appears independently, it has not been fully determined why parvovirus B19 provokes such a variety of different glomerular phenotypes. Here, we report a 68-year-old Japanese man who showed endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis admixed with podocytopathy in association with parvovirus B19 infection. The patient showed acute onset of heavy proteinuria, microscopic hematuria and kidney dysfunction with arthralgia and oliguria after close contact with a person suffering from erythema infectiosum...
February 19, 2018: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457666/the-in-vivo-effects-of-cefazolin-cefuroxime-and-cefoperazon-on-the-carbonic-anhydrase-in-different-rat-tissues
#10
Fikret Türkan, Zübeyir Huyut, Parham Taslimi, İlhami Gülçin
In this paper, the in vivo effects of some antibiotics including cefazolin, cefuroxime, and cefoperazon, on the activity of the carbonic anhydrase enzyme (CA) in heart, brain, eye, liver, and kidney tissues of rats were evaluated. For this purpose, 16 different groups, which each containing six rats (n = 6), were formed (control group, cefazolin groups, cefuroxime groups, and cefoperazon groups). The rats were necropsied 60 min after the intraperitoneal injection of the chemicals into the rats. The CA activities were measured for each tissue using esterase activity methods...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457594/biodistribution-of-colloidal-gold-nanoparticles-after-intravenous-injection-effects-of-pegylation-at-the-same-particle-size
#11
Issei Takeuchi, Haruhiko Onaka, Kimiko Makino
BACKGROUND: Recently, polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified gold nanoparticles have been studied to maintaining long-term stability in biological fluids. Its biodistribution was also reported, however, comparison of bare gold nanoparticles and PEGylated gold nanoparticles with equal particle size is not sufficient. OBJECTIVE: We prepared bare gold nanoparticles and PEGylated gold nanoparticles with diameters of 20-30-nm or 50-nm to avoid the influence of particle diameter, and studied their biodistribution in the mouse...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457572/early-effects-on-the-intestinal-barrier-and-pancreatic-function-after-enteral-stimulation-with-protease-or-kidney-bean-lectin-in-neonatal-rats
#12
Ester Arévalo Sureda, Olena Prykhodko, Björn Weström
Gut maturation naturally accelerates at weaning in altricial mammalian species, such as the rat. Mimicking this, gut development can also be induced precociously, 3-4 d earlier than it would occur naturally, by enteral exposure to phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), or various proteases. We investigated the early effects of gut provocation on intestinal barrier and pancreatic functions, to get a better understanding of the mechanisms that initiate gut maturation. The effects of oral administration of protease (trypsin) or PHA to 14-d-old suckling rats were studied during 24 h in comparison with water-fed controls...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457529/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-associated-with-2-year-mortality-from-both-cardiovascular-and-non-cardiovascular-origins-in-prevalent-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Chihiro Kawagoe, Yuji Sato, Tatsunori Toida, Hideto Nakagawa, Yasuhiro Yamashita, Akihiro Fukuda, Shuji Iwatsubo, Shouichi Fujimoto
N-terminal-pro-B-type-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was a predictive marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related death in chronic dialysis patients. NT-proBNP was also correlated with markers of inflammation, malnutrition and protein-energy wasting. We hypothesized whether NT-proBNP was also associated with non-CVD death in chronic dialysis patients. A prospective observational study for incidence of death in chronic dialysis patients was conducted. Prevalent chronic dialysis patients (n = 1310) were enrolled and followed for 24 months...
November 2018: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457471/beck-depression-inventory-as-a-screening-tool-for-depression-in-chronic-haemodialysis-patients
#14
A Bautovich, I Katz, C K Loo, S B Harvey
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Cognitive Depression Index (CDI) as a potential screening tool for major depression in haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Forty-five HD patients completed both the BDI/CDI and diagnostic interview. The interview was conducted by two experienced clinicians and was based on DSM-IV criteria. The sensitivity, specificity and positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values were then calculated...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457433/-effect-of-50-hz-1-8-mt-sinusoidal-electromagnetic-fields-on-bone-mineral-density-in-growing-rats
#15
Yu-Hai Gao, Yan-Feng Zhou, Shao-Feng Li, Wen-Yuan Li, Hui-Rong Xi, Fang-Fang Yang, Ke-Ming Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields (SEMFs) on bone mineral density (BMD) in SD rats. METHODS: Thirty SD rats weighted(110±10) and aged 1 month were randomly divided into control group and electromagnetic field group, 15 in each group. Normal control group of 50 Hz 0 mT density and sinusoidal electromagnetic field group of 50 Hz 1.8 mT were performed respectively with 1.5 h/d and weighted weight once a week, and observed food-intake...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457396/-ultrasonic-analysis-on-the-effect-of-strengthening-exercise-with-strong-tendon-on-lumbosacral-multifidus-muscles
#16
Ling-San Hu, Wei-An Yuan, Wei-Ye Chen, Zhi-Ling Gao, Hong-Sheng Zhan
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of strengthening exercise with strong tendon on the lumbosacral multifidus muscle. METHODS: Among 30 healthy volunteers, there were 21 males and 9 females, with an average age of(31.30±6.48) years old(ranged, 25 to 55 years old). The mean BMI was (21.70±1.95) kg/m²(ranged, 18.1 to 24.9 kg/m²). The ultrasonic image was used to analyze the thickness of lumbosacral multifidus(LM) under the follow conditions: supine position, and supine position with leg lifting 30°, 60°, 90°; seat and hip flexion, flexion to limit position, front to limit position with both hands climbing and strengthening the kidneys and the waist...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457277/polymorphisms-of-cyp27b1-are-associated-with-ifn-efficacy-in-hbeag-positive-patients
#17
Yingying Wu, Yongbin Zeng, Wennan Wu, Jinpiao Lin, Qishui Ou
BACKGROUND: Host single nucleotide polymorphisms were associated with antiviral therapy in CHB patients. The CYP27B1 gene, encoding 25(OH)D3 -1α hydroxylase, might activate 25(OH)D3 to 1,25(OH)2 D3 in kidney resulted in influencing the efficacy of interferon (IFN). The aim of the study was to investigate the association between CYP27B1 polymorphisms and the response to IFN in HBeAg-positive patients. METHODS: Eighty-seven HBeAg-positive CHB patients infected with HBV genotype B or C were included in the study...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457274/impact-of-the-kidney-allocation-system-on-young-pediatric-recipients
#18
W F Parker, L F Ross, J R Thistlethwaite, A E Gallo
The Kidney Allocation System (KAS) altered pediatric candidate prioritization. We determined KAS' impact on pediatric kidney recipients by examining delayed graft function (DGF) rates from 2010-2016. A propensity score matched pediatric recipients pre- and post-KAS. A semi-parametric decomposition analysis estimated the contributions of KAS-related changes in donor characteristics and dialysis time on DGF rate. The unadjusted odds of DGF was 69% higher post-KAS for young (<10 years at listing) recipients (N = 1,153, p=0...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457269/ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-living-kidney-donors-what-changes-in-ten-years
#19
Serkan Feyyaz Yalin, Sinan Trabulus, Nurhan Seyahi, Mahir Cengiz, Mustafa Erdogan Cicik, Mehmet Riza Altiparmak
In renal transplantation, living donations have more significant benefits compared to cadaveric donations. However, a probable increase in blood pressure following donation should also be kept in mind. In this study, we investigated the long-term changes in blood pressure in living kidney donors using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and we explored the e-GFR and albuminuria/proteinuria measurements at three time points. Twenty-eight living kidney donors and 39 healthy individuals were evaluated and compared at the baseline and later at the 10th year...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457247/development-of-a-multiroute-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-model-for-orbifloxacin-in-rabbits
#20
F Yang, F Yang, W Shi, H Si, T Kong, G Wang, J Zhang
To predict the orbifloxacin concentrations in rabbits after multiple routes of administration, a flow-limited multiroute physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model was developed. Three routes of administration (IV, IM, and PO) were incorporated into this model. Physiological parameters including tissue weights and blood flows through different tissues were obtained from the literature. The tissue/plasma partition coefficients (PX s) for noneliminating tissues were calculated according to the area method, while the PX s for kidney and the rest of the body compartment, together with other parameters for absorption and elimination, were optimized based on the published concentrations...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
keyword
keyword
153
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"