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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001002/kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-full-guidelines
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906742/xanthohumol-attenuates-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-through-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-activating-nrf2-signaling-pathways
#3
Fan Li, Yunyi Yao, Hui Huang, Hua Hao, Mingzhong Ying
Cisplatin is a chemotherapeutic agent that widely used in the treatment of cancer. However, cisplatin has been reported to induce nephrotoxicity by directly inducing inflammatory response and oxidative stress. In this study, we aimed to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of xanthohumol on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. The model of nephrotoxicity was induced by intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin and xanthohumol was given intraperitoneally for three consecutive days. The results showed that xanthohumol significantly attenuated kidney histological changes and serum creatinine and BUN production...
June 12, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906703/modulation-of-serum-albumin-protein-corona-for-exploring-cellular-behaviors-of-fattigation-platform-nanoparticles
#4
Van Hong Nguyen, Nilesh M Meghani, Hardik H Amin, Thao T D Tran, Phuong H L Tran, Chulhun Park, Beom-Jin Lee
Albumin is the most abundant protein in blood, and is the most frequently identified protein in the protein corona of nanoparticles (NPs). Thus, albumin plays an important role in modulating NPs' physicochemical properties and bioavailability. In this study, the effect of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on gelatin-oleic nanoparticles' (GONs) physicochemical properties and cellular uptake were evaluated. Coumarin-6 was used as indicator to track the cellular uptake of GONs. The binding of BSA onto the GON surface increased the size, slightly reduced the negative net charge of the GON, and improved GON stability...
May 28, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906492/the-influence-of-ageing-on-the-extrapineal-melatonin-synthetic-pathway
#5
Branka Popović, Milica Velimirović, Tihomir Stojković, Gavrilo Brajović, Silvio R De Luka, Ivan Milovanović, Srdjan Stefanović, Dragica Nikolić, Jasna L Ristić-Djurović, Nataša D Petronijević, Alexander M Trbovich
Ageing affects various physiological and metabolic processes in a body and a progressive accumulation of oxidative damage stands out as often used explanation. One of the most powerful scavenger of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in all organs is melatonin. A majority of melatonin supplied to the body via blood originates from the pineal gland. However, we have been interested in a locally produced melatonin. We have used 2.5- and 36-months-old Wistar rats. Tissues were collected and gene expression of AA-NAT and ASMT, the two key enzymes in a synthesis of melatonin, was determined in brain, liver, kidney, heart, skin, and intestine...
June 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906428/effects-of-coffee-intake-on-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-community-based-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Jong Hyun Jhee, Ki Heon Nam, Seong Yeong An, Min-Uk Cha, Misol Lee, Seohyun Park, Hyoungnae Kim, Hae-Ryong Yun, Youn Kyung Kee, Jung Tak Park, Tae-Ik Chang, Ea Wha Kang, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang, Seung Hyeok Han
BACKGROUND: Drinking coffee can raise public health problems, but the association between coffee and kidney disease is unknown. We studied whether coffee intake can affect the development of chronic kidney disease in the general population. METHODS: We analyzed 8717 subjects with normal renal function recruited from the KoGES cohort. Based on food frequency questionnaire, coffee consumption was categorized into five groups: 0/week, <1 cup/week, 1-6 cups/week, 1 cup/day, and ≥2 cups/day...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906393/bisphenol-a-in-eggs-impairs-the-long-term-stress-performance-of-rainbow-trout-in-two-generations
#7
Jith Thomas, Oana Birceanu, Bastien Sadoul, Mathilakath M Vijayan
Salmonids are ecologically, economically and culturally important fish species in North America, but whether contaminants in the environment may play a role in their population decline is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that BPA deposition in eggs, mimicking a maternal transfer scenario, compromises the stress axis functioning and target tissues stress response in two generations of a model salmonid species, the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Eggs were enriched with 0, 4 or 40 ng BPA, fertilized, and reared in clean water for two generations...
June 15, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906338/a-nutraceutical-diet-based-on-lespedeza-spp-vaccinium-macrocarpon-and-taraxacum-officinale-improves-spontaneous-feline-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Alessandro Di Cerbo, Tommaso Iannitti, Gianandrea Guidetti, Sara Centenaro, Sergio Canello, Raffaella Cocco
Chronic kidney disease is characterized by structural and/or functional impairment of one or both kidneys persisting for more than 3 months. In cats, chronic kidney disease can frequently occur in animals aged over 9 years with an incidence of approximately 10%. Thirty-four client-owned, neutered cats, suffering from stage II-III chronic kidney disease and diagnosed according to the International Renal Interest Society guidelines were randomly assigned to receive either a control diet (n = 17) or a nutraceutical diet (ND; n = 17) for 90 days...
June 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906315/a-fixed-versus-weight-based-dosing-strategy-of-daptomycin-may-improve-safety-in-obese-adults
#9
Jill M Butterfield-Cowper, Thomas P Lodise, Manjunath P Pai
OBJECTIVES: To compare daptomycin exposures and predicted safety outcomes with a simulated weight-based and fixed dose in morbidly-obese and non-obese subjects METHODS: We performed a nonparametric population pharmacokinetic analysis of daptomycin concentration-time data from a prior obese and non-obese kidney function matched cohort of healthy adult volunteers. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to compare the maximum concentrations (Cmax ), minimum concentrations (Cmin ), and area under the curve (AUC) with the standard daptomycin 6-mg/kg/day dose or a 500-mg daily fixed dose in obese and non-obese subjects...
June 15, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906312/successful-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-with-crushed-elbasvir-grazoprevir-administered-via-a-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube
#10
J E Yap, P Jaiswal, L Ton, R Szynkarek, B M Attar, S Gandhi
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Elbasvir/grazoprevir is an all-oral regimen approved for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1 and 4, and in renal insufficiency. However, to date, no data exist on the efficacy of this regimen when it is crushed and administered through a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube. Here, we illustrate the case of a 63-year-old man who is the only known patient with HCV infection in the English literature to have successfully achieved a sustained viral response (SVR) when elbasvir/grazoprevir oral combination was administered through a PEG tube...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905987/risk-factors-of-the-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Łukasz Lis, Patryk Jerzak, Andrzej Konieczny, Michał Sroka, Barbara Noceń-Rychlewska, Paweł Podgórski, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Zbigniew Hruby
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a Gram-positive bacillus responsible for diarrhea and colitis, mainly among hospitalized patients. It is a leading cause of nosocomial infections. OBJECTIVES: The main goal of the study was to assess the risk factors of the C. difficile infection in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated the medical records of all patients treated at the Department of Nephrology and Renal Transplantation of the Research and Development Center in the Provincial Specialist Hospital in Wrocław, Poland, between February 2009 and May 2012, who developed diarrhea, abdominal pain and/or fever within 72 h after admission...
June 15, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905975/the-grk2-promoter-is-regulated-by-early-growth-response-transcription-factor-egr-1
#12
Stefanie Klenke, Andrea Engler, Daniel Ecker, Crista Ochsenfarth, Nina Danowski, Jürgen Peters, Winfried Siffert, Ulrich H Frey
The G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) plays a major role in cardiovascular diseases and its expression is increased in heart failure. However, only little is known about factors being involved in up-regulation of GRK2 expression through transcriptional regulation of its promoter. Since the transcription factor early-growth response 1 (EGR-1) is also up-regulated in patients with heart failure, we tested the hypothesis that EGR-1 regulates GRK2 transcription. Stimulation of immortalized rat cardiomyocytes (H9c2) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) resulted in up-regulation of Egr-1 and subsequently of Grk2 mRNA expression, with maximum Grk2 expression (p=0...
June 15, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905968/skeletal-consequences-of-nephropathic-cystinosis
#13
Pablo Florenzano, Carlos Ferreira, Galina Nesterova, Mary Scott Ramnitz, Sri Harsha Tella, Luis Fernandez de Castro, Sydney M Brown, Adom Whitaker, Renata C Pereira, Dorothy Bulas, Rachel I Gafni, Isidro B Salusky, William A Gahl, Michael T Collins
Nephropathic cystinosis is a rare lysosomal storage disorder. Patients present in the first year of life with renal Fanconi syndrome that evolves to progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the multiple risk factors for bone disease, the frequency and severity of skeletal disorders in nephropathic cystinosis have not been described. We performed systematic bone and mineral evaluations of subjects with cystinosis seen at the NIH (N = 30), including history and physical examination, serum and urine biochemistries, DXA, vertebral fracture assessment, skeletal radiographs, and renal ultrasound...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905961/treatment-planning-algorithm-for-prrt-considering-multiple-tumor-lesions-and-organs-at-risk
#14
Luis David Jiménez-Franco, Peter Kletting, Ambros J Beer, Gerhard Glatting
PURPOSE: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has shown promising results in the treatment of tumors with high expression of somatostatin receptors such as neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and meningioma. However, PRRT potentially produces high renal and red marrow (RM) toxicity, the kidneys usually being the dose-limiting organ. Previously, it was shown that an improved therapeutic index can be achieved by choosing an optimal combination of injected activity and peptide molar amount...
June 15, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905929/beyond-classic-risk-adjustment-socioeconomic-status-and-hospital-performance-in-urologic-oncology-surgery
#15
Anobel Y Odisho, Ruth Etzioni, John L Gore
BACKGROUND: Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) care for more patients of low socioeconomic status (SES) than non-SNHs and are disproportionately punished under SES-naive Medicare readmission risk-adjustment models. This study was designed to develop a risk-adjustment framework that incorporates SES and to assess the impact on readmission rates. METHODS: California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development data from 2007 to 2011 were used to identify patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (n = 3771) or partial nephrectomy (PN; n = 5556) or radical nephrectomy (RN; n = 13,136) for kidney cancer...
June 15, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905848/uraemic-symptom-burden-and-clinical-condition-in-women-and-men-of-%C3%A2-65-years-of-age-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-equal-study
#16
Moniek W M van de Luijtgaarden, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Maurizio Postorino, Cynthia J Janmaat, Anirudh Rao, Claudia Torino, Marian Klinger, Christiane Drechsler, Olof Heimburger, Maciej Szymczak, Marie Evans, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager
Background: The epidemiology and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) differ by sex. We aimed to compare symptom prevalence and the clinical state in women and men of ≥65 years of age with advanced CKD receiving routine nephrology care. Methods: The European QUALity study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease (EQUAL) study follows patients from six European countries of ≥65 years of age  years whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) dropped to ≤20 mL/min/1...
June 13, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905846/5-formylcytosine-mediated-dna-protein-cross-links-block-dna-replication-and-induce-mutations-in-human-cells
#17
Shaofei Ji, Iwen Fu, Spandana Naldiga, Hongzhao Shao, Ashis K Basu, Suse Broyde, Natalia Y Tretyakova
5-Formylcytosine (5fC) is an epigenetic DNA modification introduced via TET protein-mediated oxidation of 5-methyl-dC. We recently reported that 5fC form reversible DNA-protein conjugates (DPCs) with histone proteins in living cells (Ji et al. (2017) Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 56:14130-14134). We now examined the effects of 5fC mediated DPCs on DNA replication. Synthetic DNA duplexes containing site-specific DPCs between 5fC and lysine-containing proteins and peptides were subjected to primer extension experiments in the presence of human translesion synthesis DNA polymerases η and κ...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905804/relationship-between-postmortem-urine-and-blood-concentrations-of-ghb-furnishes-useful-information-to-help-interpret-drug-intoxication-deaths
#18
A W Jones, A Holmgren, F C Kugelberg, F P Busardò
This article reports the concentrations of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) in femoral blood and bladder urine in a case series of drug intoxication deaths (N = 37). GHB was determined in blood (B-GHB) and urine (U-GHB) by a GC-FID-GBL method and 30 mg/L was used as a cut-off concentration for reporting positive results. The mean (median) and range of GHB concentrations in bladder urine were 2,818 mg/L (1,900 mg/L) and 120-13,000 mg/L, respectively. These concentrations were appreciably higher than those in femoral blood, 637 mg/L (260 mg/L) and 30-9,200 mg/L, respectively...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905619/pharmacokinetic-comparison-of-two-mycophenolate-mofetil-formulations-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#19
Jun Zhang, YongGang Luo, ZhenFeng Zhu, GuiWen Feng, Zhi Sun, XiaoJian Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) capsule and MMF dispersible tablet by detecting the active metabolite of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in Chinese kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: In the prospective, randomized, open-label study, the renal transplant patients were given a multiple-dose of either MMF capsule or MMF dispersible tablet combination with tacrolimus (Tac)...
June 12, 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905580/iron-therapy-for-managing-anaemia-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Iain C Macdougall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Iron deficiency is a major contributory cause to the development of anaemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and thus, iron replacement therapy plays a critical role in the management of this condition. The two main routes for administering iron are oral and intravenous, and there have been a number of new publications relevant to both routes of administration. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent developments on the topic of iron management in CKD include the introduction of new oral iron preparations, as well as two recent meta-analyses on iron therapy in CKD (one on oral versus intravenous iron, and one on high- versus low-dose intravenous iron in haemodialysis patients)...
June 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
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