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Mucogingival surgery

Paulo S G Henriques, Luciana S Okajima, Marcelo P Nunes, Victor A M Montalli
When lesions in soft tissue reach the gingival margin, they can produce aesthetic defects during its permanence and after its removal. Periodontal plastic surgery allows the correction of the gingival contour using different techniques. This paper is a case report of a peripheral ossifying fibroma removal in the interproximal area of teeth 21 and 22 in addition to root coverage of the affected area through two surgical phases: keratinized gingival tissue augmentation surgery with free gingival graft concurrent with removal of the lesion and, in a second stage, root coverage by performing coronally advanced flap technique with a follow-up of five years...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Giacomo Santoro, Giovanni Zucchelli, Enrico Gherlone
The case reports presented in this article describe a surgical approach for improving root coverage and regenerative parameters in deep intrabony defects associated with buccal gingival recession. A mandibular canine and a maxillary premolar were treated. The surgical technique consisted of a connective tissue graft (CTG) that was placed and sutured at the inner surface of a coronally advanced envelope flap (CAF), thickening the buccal soft tissue wall of the most coronal extension of the intrabony defect and treated with biomaterials as scaffold...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Magda Mensi, Eleonora Scotti, Stefano Salgarello, Antonio Cerutti
The aim of this case report was to treat eight simultaneous recessions that caused an unesthetic smile in a 27-year-old orthodontically treated female patient and to restore the anterior maxillary teeth in the esthetic area. The treatment consisted of bilaminar mucogingival surgery with a palatine graft and a collagen matrix graft (Mucograft, Geistlich). At 24 months, complete root coverage was achieved in all treated sites, with an increase of keratinized tissue (KT), complete resolution of hypersensitivity, and a high level of esthetic satisfaction...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Raffaele Acunzo, Enrico Limiroli, Giorgio Pagni, Adele Dudaite, Dario Consonni, Giulio Rasperini
BACKGROUND: Oscillating-rotating power toothbrushes have been proven to be clinically efficacious. To the best of the authors' knowledge, a clinical evaluation of the safety of these toothbrushes after surgical root coverage procedures has not been published. The aim of this study is to evaluate the gingival margin (GM) stability with the use of an oscillating-rotating toothbrush compared with a manual toothbrush. METHODS: Sixty healthy individuals with at least one Miller Class I or II gingival recession underwent a surgical root coverage procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Avita Rath, Smrithi Varma, Renny Paul
Introduction. Gingival recession is an apical shift of the gingival margin with exposure of the root surface. This migration of the marginal tissue leads to esthetic concerns, dentin hypersensitivity, root caries, and cervical wear. It is, paradoxically, a common finding in patients with a high standard of oral hygiene, as well as in periodontally untreated populations with poor oral hygiene. Changing the topography of the marginal soft tissue in order to facilitate plaque control is a common indication for root coverage procedures and forms a major aspect of periodontal plastic surgeries...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
A P Bakushev, K A Sivolapov
OBJECTIVE: to optimize surgical treatment in patients with orbital wall defects and deformities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For diagnosis of orbital wall injuries, the patients underwent facial skeletal X-ray study in the semiaxial projection and midfacial spiral computed tomography. Defects were removed via the intrasinus approach in the victims, by applying a combined prosthesis designed at the Department of Oral Surgery and General Dentistry, Novokuznetsk State Institute for Postgraduate Training of Physicians...
March 2016: Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii
SungEun Yang, HyeJin Lee, Sung-Ho Jin
Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) with gingival recession require specific consideration on both aspects of hard and soft tissue lesion. In the restorative aspect, careful finishing and polishing of the restorations prior to mucogingival surgery is the critical factor contributing to success. Regarding surgery, assessment of the configuration of the lesion and the choice of surgical technique are important factors. The precise diagnosis and the choice of the proper treatment procedure should be made on the basis of both restorative and surgical considerations to ensure the successful treatment of NCCLs...
August 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
M Andreasi Bassi, C Andrisani, M A Lopez, R M Gaudio, L Lombardo, D Lauritano
The aim of this article is to show a simple and predictable technique to enhance both the vestibular/buccal (V/B) gingival thickness (GT) and keratinized tissue width (KTW) improving the soft-tissue profile after flapless implant placement. The technique proposed was named Modified Connective Tissue Punch (MCTP). Fourteen patients (6 men and 8 women) aged between 35 and 69 years (mean value 48.07±13.023 years) were enrolled in this case series. Seventeen implant sites were submitted to flapless procedure. The connective punch (CP) was harvested with a motor-driven circular tissue punch and then a full-split dissection was executed, in order to create a deep pouch, beyond the mucogingival junction, on the V/B side...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Giovanpaolo Pini Prato, Pierpaolo Cortellini
AIMS: Report clinical improvements and 30-year stability of clinical outcomes of an intrabony defect treated with non-resorbable barriers and mucogingival surgery. METHODS: A 18-year-old male presenting with a very severe intrabony defect at the upper right central incisor was treated with periodontal regeneration with non-resorbable barriers and a fibrin-fibronectin glue. The barriers were removed after 3 months. At 6 months, a free gingival graft (FGG) was positioned to improve mucogingival conditions...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Aileni Amarender Reddy, P Anoop Kumar, Sistla Sailaja, Yshs Chakravarthy, Rampalli Viswa Chandra
Soft tissue deficiencies and defects around dental implants have been observed frequently. Soft-tissue defects after implant procedures originate from the process of modelling of periimplant mucosa and often cause aesthetic disharmony, food debris accumulation and soft tissue shrinkage. Periimplant mucogingival surgery focuses on creating an optimum band of keratinized tissue resulting in soft tissue architecture similar to the gingiva around natural teeth. A 23-year-old male reported to the Department of Periodontology with a complaint of gum soreness, foul smell and food accumulation at a site where a 3...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mauro Marincola, Giorgio Lombardo, Jacopo Pighi, Giovanni Corrocher, Anna Mascellaro, Jeffrey Lehrberg, Pier Francesco Nocini
The functional and aesthetic restoration of teeth compromised due to aggressive periodontitis presents numerous challenges for the clinician. Horizontal bone loss and soft tissue destruction resulting from periodontitis can impede implant placement and the regeneration of an aesthetically pleasing gingival smile line, often requiring bone augmentation and mucogingival surgery, respectively. Conservative approaches to the treatment of aggressive periodontitis (i.e., treatments that use minimally invasive tools and techniques) have been purported to yield positive outcomes...
2015: Case Reports in Dentistry
M A Atieh, N Alsabeeha, A Tawse-Smith, A G T Payne
Several clinical trials describe the effectiveness of xenogeneic collagen matrix (XCM) as an alternative option to surgical mucogingival procedures for the treatment of marginal tissue recession and augmentation of insufficient zones of keratinized tissue (KT). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical and patient-centred outcomes of XCM compared to other mucogingival procedures. Applying guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta analyses statement, randomized controlled trials were searched for in electronic databases and complemented by hand searching...
August 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
Santhanakrishnan Muthukumar, Shanmuganathan Natarajan, Seenivasan Madhankumar, Jayakrishnakumar Sampathkumar
Esthetic demands have considerably increased over the years in routine clinical practice. A pleasant smile can give supreme confidence to an individuals personality. However, a perfect smile is dictated by a perfect balance of the white (teeth) and pink (gingival) display. This balance can be managed different treatment modalities, which is based on proper diagnosis. This case report demonstrates a successful management of gummy smile with a lip-repositioning procedure in a patient with an incompetent upper lip...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
B V V Srinivas, N Rupa, K V Halini Kumari, A Rajender, M Narendra Reddy
Periodontal plastic surgery is the branch of periodontology that is focused mainly on the correction or elimination of mucogingival problems associated with lack of attached gingiva, a shallow vestibule and aberrant frenum. Various mucogingival surgical procedures are used to halt the progression of the gingival recession and to correct poor esthetic appearance. Free gingival autograft is one of the most common techniques used for a gingival recession in areas of inadequate attached gingiva in the mandibular anterior region...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Rana Shahi, Yusuke Hamada, Daniel Shin, Ranjitha Krishna, Vanchit John
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal (J Indiana Dent Assoc)
David González, Gustavo Cabello, Gema Olmos, Carlos L Niñoles
Based on recent studies regarding the advantages of flapless immediate implants on the maintenance of the soft tissue architecture (especially at papillae level) in those situations where it is necessary to extract an anterior tooth, this case report describes a clinical procedure designed to replace a hopeless central incisor (2.1) showing root resorption adjacent to an implant-supported crown (1.1), whose gingival margin is 2 mm coronal regarding the hopeless tooth to be replaced. After the extraction of the hopeless tooth (2...
2015: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Dennis P Tarnow, José M Pérez, Salah S Ghamid, Maryse Manasse, Stuart J Froum, Maree Shabeesh, Sang-Choon Cho
A new technique is presented to identify the location of mucogingival junction (MGJ) on CT scans before implant placement. This case report describes the step-by-step fabrication of a radiographic template, which when used in conjunction with CT scans enables the clinician to locate the position of MGJ before implant placement and predict the amount of keratinized tissue (KT) that will be present around an implant. Using this technique, the operator can determine whether or not flapless implant surgery may be a treatment option and whether simultaneous soft tissue augmentation will be necessary at the time of implant placement to establish an adequate band of KT...
June 2015: Implant Dentistry
Sergio Ribeiro, Vinícius Ferreira, Bianca Stutz, Priscila Casado, Diogo Rodrigues, Eliane Porto Barboza
BACKGROUND: The presence of an adequate zone of keratinized tissue has been associated with implant health. This study evaluated the zone of keratinized tissue using exposed acellular dermal matrix (ADM) over extraction sites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen sites received ADM, and fifteen control sites received no biomaterial. All sites were sutured with no attempt to achieve primary closure. Initial measurements of buccal and lingual keratinized tissue were taken from the mucogingival line (MGL) to the most coronal gingival margins...
April 2015: Implant Dentistry
Huseyin Gencay Keceli, Meltem Karsiyaka Hendek
The aim of the report is to document 15-month results of mucogingival surgery applied following intentional replantation (IntR). A mandibular left lateral incisor with severe periodontitis and malposition was replanted and splinted following root canal treatment. Three months after IntR, a free gingival graft (FGG) was placed. Fifteen months follow-up of the case demonstrated significant improvement in periodontal healing parameters and significant bone fill was detected around the root apex. As a conclusion, IntR may be speculated as a convenient alternative to keep the periodontally hopeless teeth and supportive approaches such as FGGs may improve the outcomes following IntR...
October 2014: European Journal of Dentistry
O A Zorina, A M Molchanov, R A Balykin
The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of fibrinogen/thrombin-coated collagen patch by mucogingival operations in patients with somatic diseases. Twenty-seven patients aged 25 to 45 (15 males and 12 females) with somatic diseases such as arterial hypertension (11 patients), diabetes (8 patients), bleeding disorders (8 patients) underwent Edlan-Mejcher vestibuloplasty. Using fibrinogen/thrombin-coated collagen patch as wound dressing caused marked hemostatic effect in 3 to 5 minutes even in hypertension and bleeding disorder patients...
2014: Stomatologii︠a︡
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