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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910788/metabolomic-investigation-of-rat-serum-following-oral-administration-of-the-willow-bracket-medicinal-mushroom-phellinus-igniarius-agaricomycetes-by-uplc-hdms
#1
Yu Dong, Ying He, Zhongming Yu, Yang Zhang, Nani Wang, Dan Shou, Changyu Li
The medicinal willow bracket mushroom, Phellinus igniarius, is a species that has been reported to possess antibacterial, antioxidative, antitumor, antidiabetic, and antihyperlipidemia activities. The aim of this study was to elucidate the changes in endogenous metabolites after oral administration of a decoction of Ph. Igniarius. Ultraperformance liquid chromatography (UPLC)/electrospray ionization synapt high-definition mass spectrometry (ESI-HDMS) combined with pattern recognition approaches, including principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis, were integrated to discover differentiating metabolites...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909794/prescription-of-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-in-tyrol-data-from-the-tyrol-diabetes-registry-2012-2015
#2
Lukas Lunger, Andreas Melmer, Willi Oberaigner, Marco Leo, Martin Juchum, Karin Pölzl, Johannes Gänzer, Martha Innerebner, Egon Eisendle, Gertrud Beck, Hermann Kathrein, Bernhard Heindl, Hans Robert Schönherr, Monika Lechleitner, Herbert Tilg, Christoph Ebenbichler
Diabetes mellitus affects 9% of the adult population worldwide and the economic burden of the disease is growing exponentially. In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), when life style interventions fail to achieve treatment targets, oral antidiabetic drugs are prescribed to improve glycemic control. Several new oral antidiabetics have been launched in the last few years, which enlarged the spectrum of available treatment options in T2DM. The present study aimed to examine T2DM treatment patterns in a cohort of 7769 patients recruited from the Diabetes Registry Tyrol (DRT) with at least one visit from 2012-2015...
December 1, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893829/sansevieria-roxburghiana-schult-schult-f-family-asparagaceae-attenuates-type-2-diabetes-and-its-associated-cardiomyopathy
#3
Niloy Bhattacharjee, Ritu Khanra, Tarun K Dua, Susmita Das, Bratati De, M Zia-Ul-Haq, Vincenzo De Feo, Saikat Dewanjee
BACKGROUND: Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. & Schult. F. (Family: Asparagaceae) rhizome has been claimed to possess antidiabetic activity in the ethno-medicinal literature in India. Therefore, present experiments were carried out to explore the protective role of edible (aqueous) extract of S. roxburghiana rhizome (SR) against experimentally induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated cardiomyopathy in Wistar rats. METHODS: SR was chemically characterized by GC-MS analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881129/impact-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-on-serum-adiponectin-a-meta-analysis
#4
Xin Liu, Peng Men, Yuhui Wang, Suodi Zhai, George Liu
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin, an adipose-specific protein, is negatively correlated with pro-atherogenic low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and other cardiovascular risk factors such as insulin resistance. Therefore, low levels of adiponectin are associated with a higher risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) have been used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as reversible inhibitors through interacting with DPP4 substrate and increase serum incretins such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)...
November 23, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878422/the-recovery-of-beta-cell-function-is-critical-for-antidiabetic-outcomes-of-gastric-bypass-in-asian-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-and-a-body-mass-index-below-30
#5
Obin Kwon, Yeon Ji Lee, Ji Hee Yu, Min-Seon Kim, Yoonseok Heo
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Asian populations is characterized by a lower body mass index (BMI) than in Caucasian cases. This pilot study investigated antidiabetic outcomes after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in Asian subjects with T2D and BMI < 30. Fifteen Koreans with poorly controlled T2D and BMI 23-30 underwent RYGB. Two years after RYGB, seven patients achieved HbA1c < 6.5% without medication (target-achieved). The other cases also showed improved glycemic control. The insulin secretory response during an oral glucose tolerance test was significantly restored in the target-achieved group...
November 22, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866701/place-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-east-asian-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-insights-into-the-management-of-asian-phenotype
#6
REVIEW
Lee Ling Lim, Alexander Tong Boon Tan, Kevin Moses, Viraj Rajadhyaksha, Siew Pheng Chan
The burden of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in East Asia is alarming. Rapid modernization and urbanization have led to major lifestyle changes and a tremendous increase in the prevalence of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. The development of T2DM at a younger age, with lower body mass index, higher visceral adiposity, and more significant pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction compared to Caucasians are factors responsible for the increased prevalence of T2DM in East Asians. Sodium-glucose Cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors (canagliflozin, dapaglifozin, empagliflozin, etc...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865163/evaluation-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-receiving-treatment-during-the-pre-diabetes-period-is-early-treatment-associated-with-improved-outcomes
#7
Paresh Chaudhari, Carlos Vallarino, Ernest H Law, Raafat Seifeldin
AIM: This study evaluates the association of pretreatment with oral antidiabetics (OADs) on clinical outcomes and health resource utilization among commercially insured type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in the United States. METHODS: Using administrative data (Truven MarketScan® Research Databases), patients diagnosed with T2DM between 2007 and 2014 with ⩾6months continuous enrolment pre- and post-diagnosis were evaluated. Pretreatment was defined as OAD use at least 3months prior to T2DM diagnosis...
November 3, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863088/the-relationship-of-hba1c-fasting-and-postprandial-hyperglycemia-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia
#8
Lee Ling Lim, Alan Jm Brnabic, Siew Pheng Chan, Luqman Ibrahim, Sharmila Sunita Paramasivam, Jeyakantha Ratnasingam, Shireene Ratna Vethakkan, Alexander Tong Boon Tan
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Studies on the relative contributions of fasting and postprandial hyperglycemia (FH and PPH) to HbA1c in type 2 diabetes (T2D) subjects have yielded inconsistent results. We aimed to assess the relationship by using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in a multi-ethnic cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 T2D adults were assessed with 6-day CGM and HbA1c . Area under the curve (AUC) ≥5.6 mmol/L was defined as AUCTOTAL . AUC ≥ each pre-prandial glucose for 4 hours was defined as AUCPPH ...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855237/insulin-autoimmune-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-postprandial-hypoglycemia
#9
Pooja Sahni, Nitin Trivedi, Abdulkadir Omer
: A 65-year-old obese Caucasian woman presented with symptomatic postprandial hypoglycemic episodes, resolution of symptoms with carbohydrate intake and significantly elevated anti-insulin antibody levels. She did not have any evidence for the use of oral antidiabetic medications, insulin, herbal substances, performing strenuous exercise or history of bariatric surgery. Fingerstick blood glucose readings revealed blood sugar of 35 mg/dL and 48 mg/dL, when she had these symptoms. Her medical history was significant for morbid obesity, hypothyroidism and gastro esophageal reflux disease...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853981/intensification-of-idegasp-twice-daily-adding-insulin-aspart-vs-switching-to-basal-bolus-exploratory-randomized-trial-in-type-2-diabetes
#10
Wan Mohamaed Wan Bebakar, Louis Chaykin, Malene Lundgren Hersløv, Søren Rasmussen
INTRODUCTION: In a preceding trial comparing two different titration schemes, insulin degludec/insulin aspart (IDegAsp) showed good efficacy for achieving HbA1c <7% when administered twice daily (BID) in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, poor glycemic control persisted in a minority of patients. The current exploratory trial investigated the efficacy and safety of intensifying IDegAsp BID treatment in these patients by either adding a once-daily (OD) bolus injection of insulin aspart (IAsp) or by switching to a basal-bolus regimen of insulin degludec (IDeg) plus IAsp taken three times a day (TID)...
November 16, 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852130/angelica-gigas-ameliorates-hyperglycemia-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-c57bl-ksj-db-db-mice-via-activation-of-amp-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-pathway
#11
Ui-Jin Bae, Eun-Kyung Choi, Mi-Ra Oh, Su-Jin Jung, Joon Park, Tae-Sung Jung, Tae-Sun Park, Soo-Wan Chae, Byung-Hyun Park
The prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus has become a major global public health challenge. Decursin, an active compound of Angelica gigas Nakai roots, was recently reported to have a glucose-lowering activity. However, the antidiabetic effect of Angelica gigas Nakai extract (AGNE) has not yet been investigated. We evaluated the effects of AGNE on glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetic mice and investigated the underlying mechanism by which AGNE acts. Male C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were treated with either AGNE (10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg, and 40 mg/kg) or metformin (100 mg/kg) for 8 weeks...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852119/albiglutide-a-weekly-glp-1-receptor-agonist-improves-glycemic-parameters-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-over-1-year-when-added-to-single-oral-antidiabetic-drugs
#12
Inaha Okuda, Timothy H Wilson, Lin Yue, Hiromu Nakajima, Molly C Carr, Maho Tsuboi, Antonio Nino, Yutaka Seino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of once-weekly albiglutide added to a single oral antidiabetic drug (OAD) in Japanese patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this phase 3, 1-year study (NCT01777282), patients (N = 374) received albiglutide 30 mg plus a single OAD (sulfonylurea [n = 120], biguanide [n = 67)], glinide [n = 65], thiazolidinedione [n = 61], or α-glucosidase inhibitor [n = 61])...
November 17, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847337/herb-drug-interaction-of-andrographis-paniculata-nees-extract-and-andrographolide-on-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-of-naproxen-in-rats
#13
Aishwarya Balap, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Arulmozhi Sinnathambi, Kakasaheb Mahadik
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Andrographis paniculata Nees (Acanthacae) have broad range of pharmacological effects such as hepatoprotective, antifertility, antimalarial, antidiabetic, suppression of various cancer cells and anti-inflammatory properties and is widely used medicinal plant in the traditional Unani and Ayurvedic medicinal systems. Andrographolide (AN) is one of the active constituent of the Andrographis paniculata Nees extract (APE). They have been found in many traditional herbal formulations in India and proven to be effective as anti-inflammatory drug...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847209/in-vivo-study-for-anti-hyperglycemic-potential-of-aqueous-extract-of-basil-seeds-ocimum-basilicum-linn-and-its-influence-on-biochemical-parameters-serum-electrolytes-and-haematological-indices
#14
Sachin Chaudhary, Amit Semwal, Hitesh Kumar, Harish Chandra Verma, Amit Kumar
The study introduced anti-hyperglycemic influence of aqueous extract of Ocimum basilicum seeds (AEOBS) in Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats and estimating its potential to ameliorate altered level of biochemical parameters, serum electrolytes level and haematological indices along with its effect on body weight of treated rats. The albino rats were selected to observe oral glucose tolerance test by oral intake of aq. glucose solution (4g/kg, body weight) in normal rats and estimation of blood glucose level after administration of AEOBS at 250mg/kg, 500mg/kg and standard drug glibenclamide at 0...
November 12, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846886/antidiabetic-and-hypolipidemic-activities-of-hydroethanolic-root-extract-of-uvaria-chamae-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-albino-rats
#15
Jonathan Emeka Emordi, Esther Oluwatoyin Agbaje, Ibrahim Adekunle Oreagba, Osede Ignis Iribhogbe
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterised by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. It is a global epidemic ravaging both developed and developing countries. The situation will worsen if nothing is done urgently. In fact, the need to identify natural products with antidiabetic potentials is of great importance as supported by several research efforts all over the world, in search of antidiabetic plant based products that are safe and efficacious...
November 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846041/factors-affecting-the-sensitivity-of-tc-99m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile-dual-phase-parathyroid-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#16
Mine Araz, Derya Çayir, Mehmet Erdoğan, Bekir Uçan, Erman Çakal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thyroid diseases and regularly used medications on the sensitivity of Tc-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) dual-phase parathyroid single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and to define indicatives of the result of the study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 218 primary hyperparathyroidism patients (190 women, 28 men, mean age: 57±14 years) with thyroid-parathyroid ultrasonography and Tc-99m MIBI dual-phase parathyroid SPECT were retrospectively enrolled...
November 11, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843832/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-depression-levels-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Ali Altınok, Kamile Marakoğlu, Nisa Çetin Kargın
INTRODUCTION: Improving the quality of life in diabetic individuals is known to reduce morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate the quality of life and depression symptomatology situations and the related factors in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 440 adult patients with Type 2 DM and under treatment admitted to Selcuk University Family Medicine Outpatient Diabetes Education Clinic were included in the study...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835680/benefits-and-harms-of-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Heidi Storgaard, Lise L Gluud, Cathy Bennett, Magnus F Grøndahl, Mikkel B Christensen, Filip K Knop, Tina Vilsbøll
OBJECTIVE: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2-i) are a novel drug class for the treatment of diabetes. We aimed at describing the maximal benefits and risks associated with SGLT2-i for patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: We included double-blinded, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating SGLT2-i administered in the highest approved therapeutic doses (canagliflozin 300 mg/day, dapagliflozin 10 mg/day, and empagliflozin 25 mg/day) for ≥12 weeks...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832382/diabetes-diabetes-treatment-and-mammographic-density-in-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort
#19
Karsten Buschard, Katrin Thomassen, Elsebeth Lynge, Ilse Vejborg, Anne Tjønneland, My von Euler-Chelpin, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen
PURPOSE: We examined whether diabetes and diabetes treatment are associated with MD in a cohort study of Danish women above age of 50 years. METHODS: Study cohort consisted of 5,644 women (4,500 postmenopausal) who participated in the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort (1993-1997) and subsequently attended mammographic screening in Copenhagen (1993-2001). We used MD assessed at the first screening after the cohort entry, defined as mixed/dense or fatty. Diabetes diagnoses and diabetes treatments (diet, insulin, or oral antidiabetic agents) were self-reported at the time of recruitment (1993-1997)...
November 10, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829515/primary-degradation-of-antidiabetic-drugs
#20
Marta Markiewicz, Christian Jungnickel, Stefan Stolte, Anna Białk-Bielińska, Jolanta Kumirska, Wojciech Mrozik
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease affecting a large portion of the world population and is treated by orally administered drugs. Since these drugs are often taken in high doses and are excreted unchanged or partially metabolised many of them are nowadays detected in surface waters or wastewater treatment plants effluents. Unmetabolised antidiabetics or some of their transformation products retain their pharmacological activity, therefore their presence in the environment is highly undesired. One of the main routes of elimination from wastewaters or surface waters is biodegradation...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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