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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774523/acute-and-subacute-antidiabetic-studies-of-enp-9-a-new-1-5-diarylpyrazole-derivative
#1
Eduardo Hernández-Vázquez, Sandra Young-Peralta, Litzia Cerón-Romero, Sara García-Jiménez, Samuel Estrada-Soto
OBJECTIVES: To explore the antihyperglycaemic and antidiabetic effects and to determine the acute toxicity of 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichloro-phenyl)-4-methyl-N-(piperidin-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (ENP-9). METHODS: The antihyperglycaemic effect of ENP-9 (50 mg/kg) was determined by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Also, the acute (16, 50 and 160 mg/kg) and subacute (50 mg/kg/day for 10 days) antidiabetic effects of ENP-9 were determined. After subacute treatment, blood samples were analysed to determine glucose and lipid profiles...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772355/safety-assessment-of-morus-nigra-l-leaves-acute-and-subacute-oral-toxicity-studies-in-wistar-rats
#2
Kassia Caroline Figueredo, Camille Gaube Guex, Fernanda Ziegler Reginato, Andreia Regina Haas da Silva, Gabriela Buzatti Cassanego, Cibele Lima Lhamas, Aline Augusti Boligon, Gilberti Helena Hübscher Lopes, Liliane de Freitas Bauermann
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Morus nigra L. is a plant native to Asia, and well adapted to the Brazilian climate. It is popularly known as "amoreira preta", and is part of the National List of Plants of Interest to the Brazilian Unified Health System. It is used in folk medicine mainly to soften the effects of menopause, as anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and antihypertensive. However, information on safe doses and use is still precarious. AIM OF THE STUDY: To identify the chemical composition of the ethanolic extract of Morus nigra L...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769013/antidiabetic-effect-of-spearmint-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#3
Omar Farid, A El Haidani, Mohamed Eddouks
In this work the effect of Mentha spicata (L.) (M. spicata) aerial part aqueous extract (A.P.A.E) at a dose of 20 mg/kg body weight on blood glucose levels has been demonstrated in normal and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. Additionally, a preliminary phytochemical screening for various bioactive constituents was realized and a dosage of polyphenols and flavonoid has been done. Moreover, the histopathological changes in liver and pancreas have been evaluated both in normal and STZ diabetic rats. The effect of M...
May 16, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766636/empagliflozin-as-add-on-to-linagliptin-in-a-fixed-dose-combination-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-glycemic-efficacy-and-safety-profile-in-a-52-week-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Ryuzo Kawamori, Masakazu Haneda, Keiko Suzaki, Gang Cheng, Kosuke Shiki, Yuki Miyamoto, Fernando Solimando, Christopher Lee, Jisoo Lee, Jyothis George
AIMS: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of empagliflozin (Empa) 10 or 25 mg as add-on to linagliptin (Lina) 5 mg (fixed-dose combination, Empa/Lina 10/5 or 25/5) in insufficiently controlled Japanese type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: The trial (40 sites; May 2015-March 2017) screened 433 adults (≥20 years) who were treatment-naive or on one oral antidiabetic drug for ≥12 weeks (discontinued at enrolment)...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763710/diabetes-mellitus-in-friedreich-ataxia-a-case-series-of-19-patients-from-the-german-austrian-diabetes-mellitus-registry
#5
Angeliki Pappa, Martin G Häusler, Andreas Veigel, Konstantina Tzamouranis, Martin W Pfeifer, Andreas Schmidt, Martin Bökamp, Holger Haberland, Siegfried Wagner, Joachim Brückel, Gideon de Sousa, Lukas Hackl, Esther Bollow, Reinhard W Holl
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a multisystem autosomal recessive disease with progressive clinical course involving the neuromuscular and endocrine system. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one typical non-neurological manifestation, caused by beta cell failure and insulin resistance. Because of its rarity, knowledge on DM in FRDA is limited. Based on data from 200 301 patients with DM of the German-Austrian diabetes registry (DPV) and two exemplary patient reports, characteristics of patients with DM and FRDA are compared with classical type 1 or type 2 diabetes...
May 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760188/depression-in-type-1-diabetes-was-associated-with-high-levels-of-circulating-galectin-3
#6
Eva O Melin, Jonatan Dereke, Maria Thunander, Magnus Hillman
OBJECTIVE: Neuroinflammatory responses are implicated in depression. The aim was to explore whether depression in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) was associated with high circulating galectin-3, controlling for metabolic variables, s-creatinine, life style factors, medication, and cardiovascular complications. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Participants were T1D patients (n=283, 56% men, age 18-59 years, diabetes duration ≥1 year)...
May 14, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756388/semaglutide-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Panagiotis Andreadis, Thomas Karagiannis, Konstantinos Malandris, Ioannis Avgerinos, Aris Liakos, Apostolos Manolopoulos, Eleni Bekiari, David R Matthews, Apostolos Tsapas
AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of semaglutide, a recently approved glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) for type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We searched major electronic databases and grey literature sources for randomised controlled trials comparing semaglutide with placebo or other antidiabetic agents. Primary outcome was change from baseline in HbA1c . Secondary endpoints included change from baseline in body weight, blood pressure, heart rate, and incidence of hypoglycaemia, gastrointestinal adverse effects, pancreatitis and diabetic retinopathy...
May 13, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752759/metformin-targets-brown-adipose-tissue-in-vivo-and-reduces-oxygen-consumption-in-vitro
#8
Peter Breining, Jonas B Jensen, Elias I Sundelin, Lars C Gormsen, Steen Jakobsen, Morten Busk, Lars Rolighed, Peter Bross, Paula Fernandez-Guerra, Lasse K Markussen, Nanna E Rasmussen, Jacob B Hansen, Steen B Pedersen, Bjørn Richelsen, Niels Jessen
Metformin is the most widely prescribed oral antidiabetic drug worldwide. Despite well-documented beneficial effects on health outcomes in diabetic patients, the target organs that mediate the effects of metformin remain to be established. In adult humans, brown adipose tissue (BAT) can influence basic metabolic rate, making BAT an attractive target for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Under the hypothesis that BAT is a metformin target tissue, we investigated in vivo uptake of [11 C]-metformin tracer in mice and studied in vitro effects of metformin on cultured human brown adipocytes...
May 12, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750021/translation-revision-and-validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-satisfaction-with-oral-anti-diabetic-agent-scale-c-soadas-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Yi-Ju Lin, Chin-Yuan Wang, Elizabeth H Chang, Ssu-Wei Cheng, Yu Ko
Objective: The aim of this study was to translate, adapt, and validate the Satisfaction with Oral Anti-Diabetic Agent Scale (SOADAS) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients taking oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in Taiwan. Patients and methods: The SOADAS was translated to Chinese and was modified based on reviews of two physicians, five diabetes educators, and two patient focus groups. A cross-sectional interviewer-administered survey was conducted in adult patients with type 2 DM who were taking OADs...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745906/mild-case-of-insulin-resistance-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-case-report
#10
A Mucha
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and relative insulin deficiency. There are rare cases when even higher doses of insulin are insufficient to control the values of glycemia. The insulin resistance can be mild, moderate or severe. Authors present a clinical case report of a mild insulin resistance in a 46 year-old female patient with clinical symptoms of insulin resistance (including obesity), treated for seven years with oral antidiabetic drugs...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744272/antidiabetic-activity-of-mefloquine-via-glp-1-receptor-modulation-against-stz-na-induced-diabetes-in-albino-wistar-rats
#11
Rajnish Kumar Yadav, Jitendra K Rawat, Swetlana Gautam, Manjari Singh, Manish Kumar, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Subhadeep Roy, Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Gaurav Kaithwas
Mefloquine was retrieved as a glucagon -like peptide-1 receptor agonist and, therefore, evaluated for its antidiabetic potential against non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in experimental animals. NIDDM was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and nicotinamide (60 + 110 mg/kg) in albino wistar rats. The experimental animals were scrutinised for electrocardiographic (ECG) and heart rate variability (HRV) factors to study the autonomic dysfunction along with blood glucose, serum insulin, and liver glycogen levels for glycemic control...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740333/flavonoids-in-kidney-health-and-disease
#12
REVIEW
Félix Vargas, Paola Romecín, Ana I García-Guillén, Rosemary Wangesteen, Pablo Vargas-Tendero, M Dolores Paredes, Noemí M Atucha, Joaquín García-Estañ
This review summarizes the latest advances in knowledge on the effects of flavonoids on renal function in health and disease. Flavonoids have antihypertensive, antidiabetic, and antiinflammatory effects, among other therapeutic activities. Many of them also exert renoprotective actions that may be of interest in diseases such as glomerulonephritis, diabetic nephropathy, and chemically-induced kidney insufficiency. They affect several renal factors that promote diuresis and natriuresis, which may contribute to their well-known antihypertensive effect...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736381/usage-biological-activity-and-safety-of-selected-botanical-dietary-supplements-consumed-in-the-united-states
#13
REVIEW
P Annécie Benatrehina, Li Pan, C Benjamin Naman, Jie Li, A Douglas Kinghorn
In view of the continuous growth of the botanical dietary supplement industry and the increased popularity of lesser known or exotic botanicals, recent findings are described on the phytochemical composition and biological activities of five selected fruits consumed in the United States, namely, açaí, noni, mangosteen, black chokeberry, and maqui berry. A review of the ethnomedicinal uses of these plants has revealed some similarities ranging from wound-healing to the treatment of fever and infectious diseases...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723610/repurposing-rosiglitazone-a-ppar-%C3%AE-agonist-and-oral-antidiabetic-as-an-inhaled-formulation-for-the-treatment-of-pah
#14
Jahidur Rashid, Ahmad Alobaida, Taslim A Al-Hilal, Samia Hammouda, Ivan F McMurtry, Eva Nozik-Grayck, Kurt R Stenmark, Fakhrul Ahsan
Peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) is implicated, in some capacity, in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Rosiglitazone, an oral antidiabetic and PPAR-γ agonist, has the potential to dilate pulmonary arteries and to attenuate arterial remodeling in PAH. Here, we sought to test the hypothesis that rosiglitazone can be repurposed as inhaled formulation for the treatment of PAH. We have tested this conjecture by preparing and optimizing poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) based particles of rosiglitazone, assessing the drug particles for pulmonary absorption, investigating the efficacy of the plain versus particulate drug formulation in improving the respiratory hemodynamics in PAH animals, and finally studying the effect of the drug in regulating the molecular markers associated with PAH pathogenesis...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722910/glycemic-management-in-the-bariatric-surgery-population-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Meredith L Howard, Taylor D Steuber, Sarah A Nisly
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic often complicated by multiple comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Bariatric surgery is an increasingly common and effective weight loss strategy for obese patients that may result in resolution of metabolic related disease states, such as T2DM. Although bariatric surgery has many positive outcomes for patients, dietary and pathophysiologic changes can create difficult to control blood glucose, especially in the immediate perioperative setting. Depending on oral antidiabetic agent and insulin needs preoperatively, many patients require cessation of oral agents and reduction or cessation of insulin...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710864/hypoglycemic-effects-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats-of-the-phenolic-extract-from-mongolian-oak-cups-enriched-in-ellagic-acid-kaempferol-and-their-derivatives
#16
Peipei Yin, Yu Wang, Lingguang Yang, Jinling Sui, Yujun Liu
Our previous reports showed that crude extract prepared with 50% ethanol (ethanol crude extract, ECE) from Mongolian oak cups possessed excellent in vitro antioxidant capacities as well as inhibitory activities against α-glucosidase, α-amylase and protein glycation caused by its enrichment in phenolics, including mainly ellagic acid, kaempferol and their derivatives. Nevertheless, few in vivo studies on antidiabetic activities of these phenolics were conducted. The present study investigated hypoglycemic effects with normal and diabetic rats being administrated orally without or with ECE at 200 and 800 mg/kg for 15 days...
April 30, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710045/antidiabetic-naphthoquinones-and-their-plant-resources-in-thailand
#17
Muhammad Ajmal Shah, James E Keach, Pharkphoom Panichayupakaranant
Diabetes mellitus is the seventh leading cause of death globally. Ninety percent of the diabetic population suffers from type-2 diabetes, which still needs an effective, safe and economical oral hypoglycemic therapy. Plants are rich sources of various therapeutic molecules. More than 400 medicinal plants of interesting phytochemical diversity have been reported for their antidiabetic potential. Naphthoquinones are a group of phytochemicals, which have a wide range of pharmacological potential, including antidiabetic activity...
2018: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705709/design-synthesis-and-structure-activity-relationship-studies-of-gpr40-agonists-containing-amide-linker
#18
Tingting Chen, Mengmeng Ning, Yangliang Ye, Kai Wang, Ying Leng, Jianhua Shen
Free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1/GPR40) attracted significant attention as a potential target for developing novel antidiabetic drugs because of its unique mechanism in glucose homeostasis. Several reports have expressed concerns about central nervous system (CNS) penetration of GPR40 agonists, which is possibly attributed to their high lipophilicity and low total polar surface area. Herein, we report our efforts to improve the physicochemical properties and pharmacokinetic profiles of LY2881835, a GPR40 agonist that had undergone Phase I clinical trial, through a series of structural optimizations...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704509/free-fatty-acid-receptor-1-as-a-novel-therapeutic-target-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-current-status
#19
REVIEW
Chinedum Eleazu, Ayogu Charles, Kate Eleazu, Ngozi Achi
The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been on the increase in recent times. Although several oral treatments for T2DM are available, some of them have been found to elicit undesirable side effects. This therefore underscores the need for new treatment options with lesser side effects than the existing ones for people with T2DM. Free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1), also known as GPR40, belongs to a class of G-protein coupled receptors that are encoded by FFAR1 genes in humans. It is expressed in the pancreatic β-cells and it is activated by medium- and long-chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids...
April 25, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696567/factors-influencing-the-prescribing-preferences-of-physicians-for-drug-naive-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-real-world-setting-in-japan-insight-from-a-web-survey
#20
Hiroki Murayama, Kota Imai, Masato Odawara
INTRODUCTION: The Japanese guidelines for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) emphasize individualization of treatment based on patient need and encourage physicians to select an appropriate oral antidiabetes drug (OAD). However, limited evidence is available on the factors influencing the selection by physicians (diabetes specialists and nonspecialists) of the first-line OAD to treat drug-naive patients with T2DM. A survey was designed to explore the treatment factors and patient characteristics that influence physicians when they choose an initial OAD to prescribe to a drug-naive patient with T2DM in a real-world setting in Japan...
April 25, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
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