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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317062/could-the-screening-for-correct-oral-health-reduce-the-impact-of-death-due-to-bolus-asphyxia-in-adult-patients-a-forensic-case-report
#1
Isabella Aquila, Santo Gratteri, Matteo A Sacco, Emilio Nuzzolese, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Pietrantonio Ricci
INTRODUCTION: "Bolus death" or "Café Coronary syndrome" refers to death due to asphyxia caused by an occlusion of the upper airways due to food. In this kind of asphyxia, the food bolus obstructs the larynx or the bronchial branches. This kind of event often affects subjects with acute intoxication due to alcohol or drugs, or with edentulism and with neurological or psychiatric diseases. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman, suffering from schizophrenia, was found dead in her house due to food bolus asphyxia...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303328/orphan-spins-in-the-s-5-2-antiferromagnet-cafe_-2-o_-4
#2
C Stock, E E Rodriguez, N Lee, F Demmel, P Fouquet, M Laver, Ch Niedermayer, Y Su, K Nemkovski, M A Green, J A Rodriguez-Rivera, J W Kim, L Zhang, S-W Cheong
CaFe_{2}O_{4} is an anisotropic S=5/2 antiferromagnet with two competing A (↑↑↓↓) and B (↑↓↑↓) magnetic order parameters separated by static antiphase boundaries at low temperatures. Neutron diffraction and bulk susceptibility measurements, show that the spins near these boundaries are weakly correlated and a carry an uncompensated ferromagnetic moment that can be tuned with a magnetic field. Spectroscopic measurements find these spins are bound with excitation energies less than the bulk magnetic spin waves and resemble the spectra from isolated spin clusters...
December 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302048/diagnostic-challenges-in-a-child-with-early-onset-desmoplastic-medulloblastoma-and-homozygous-variants-in-msh2-and-msh6
#3
Julia Taeubner, Katharina Wimmer, Martine Muleris, Olivier Lascols, Chrystelle Colas, Christine Fauth, Triantafyllia Brozou, Joerg Felsberg, Jasmin Riemer, Michael Gombert, Sebastian Ginzel, Jessica I Hoell, Arndt Borkhardt, Michaela Kuhlen
Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) is an autosomal recessively inherited childhood cancer susceptibility syndrome caused by biallelic germline mutations in one of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes. The spectrum of CMMRD-associated tumours is very broad and many CMMRD patients additionally display signposting non-neoplastic features, most frequently café-au-lait macules and other pigmentation alterations. We report on a 13-month-old girl suspected of having CMMRD due to a desmoplastic medulloblastoma and a striking skin pigmentation that included multiple café-au-lait macules, hypopigmented areas and Mongolian spots...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299209/waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#4
Mina Danaei, Akram Jabbarinejad-Kermani, Elham Mohebbi, Mohsen Momeni
Background: Waterpipe smoking is a growing public health threat worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess waterpipe smoking prevalence and its associated factors among Iranian adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kerman, Iran, recruiting 1090 adult participants using multistage sampling in 2016. A self-reported researcher-designed questionnaire was used. The socio-demographic characteristics and waterpipe smoking behaviors such as pattern, duration, and the most common place of waterpipe use, the type of tobacco, and the concurrent use of alcohol and substances were assessed...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282348/-a-case-of-cowden-syndrome-associated-with-lhermitte-duclos-disease
#5
Hidefumi Suzuki, Kyoko Hosokawa, Michio Ono, Yasuhiro Kojima, Masutaro Kanda, Hiroshi Shibasaki
A 24-year-old woman slowly developed mild unsteadiness of gait. Neurological examination revealed mild dysmetria of the left upper and lower limbs. Standing and gait were unsteady, and tandem gait was impossible. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an enlarged left cerebellar hemisphere with striated lines, a characteristic finding of Lhermitte-Duclos disease. She also had papules on the forehead, goiter, lactating adenoma, glycogenic acanthosis in the esophagus, café-au-lait spot, and hemangioma and keratosis on the dorsum of foot...
December 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280282/integrating-community-assembly-and-biodiversity-to-better-understand-ecosystem-function-the-community-assembly-and-the-functioning-of-ecosystems-cafe-approach
#6
Katherine H Bannar-Martin, Colin T Kremer, Morgan Ernest, Mathew A Leibold, Harald Auge, Jonathan Chase, Steven A J Declerck, Nico Eisenhauer, Stanley Harpole, Helmut Hillebrand, Forest Isbell, Thomas Koffel, Stefano Larsen, Anita Narwani, Jana S Petermann, Christiane Roscher, Juliano Sarmento Cabral, Sarah R Supp
The research of a generation of ecologists was catalysed by the recognition that the number and identity of species in communities influences the functioning of ecosystems. The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF) is most often examined by controlling species richness and randomising community composition. In natural systems, biodiversity changes are often part of a bigger community assembly dynamic. Therefore, focusing on community assembly and the functioning of ecosystems (CAFE), by integrating both species richness and composition through species gains, losses and changes in abundance, will better reveal how community changes affect ecosystem function...
December 27, 2017: Ecology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250697/two-girl-patients-with-medulloblastoma-case-reports
#7
Laura Daniela Marinău, Cristina Elena Singer, Cristian Meşină, Elena Carmen Niculescu, Ileana Puiu, Ileana Octavia Petrescu, Cristiana Geormăneanu, Augustina Cornelia Enculescu, Daniela Elise Tache, Ştefana Oana Purcaru, Simona Răciulă, Cosmina Lucia Damian
In childhood, the most common type of brain tumors is medulloblastoma, a highly malignant primary brain tumor that is found in the cerebellum or posterior fossa. The tumor mass increases and generates obstructive hydrocephalus. Risk factors (that might be involved in some cases) include the genetic syndrome such as type 1 neurofibromatosis, exposure to ionizing radiation and Epstein-Barr virus. Medulloblastoma is associated with recessively inherited Turcot disease and with conditions as ataxia-telangiectasia syndrome in several cases...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243566/for-shawnee-keeping-the-student-and-family-front-and-center
#8
Erin D Maughan, Mayumi Willgerodt
Patient-centered care is a buzzword heard often as part of health care reform efforts. For school nurses patient-centered care means student- and family-centered care. Student-centered care can improve student compliance and actually decrease school nurse workload. This article explains what student-centered means and provides examples of how school nurses can provide student and families-centered care in their communities. Approaches that center on individual students, as well as community cafes will be included...
January 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240535/factors-associated-with-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-lebanese-women
#9
Karim N Daou, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Salim M Adib
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) has become a serious public health threat in the Middle-East and beyond. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence rates of cigarette and WTS among Lebanese women and describe characteristics associated with each behavior. METHODS: Secondary analysis of women's health data obtained in a national survey in 2010. RESULTS: Of 2255 selected women, 78% reported no or past long-term WTS...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229655/new-zealand-policy-experts-appraisal-of-interventions-to-reduce-smoking-in-young-adults-a-qualitative-investigation
#10
Jude Ball, Janet Hoek, El Shadan Tautolo, Heather Gifford
OBJECTIVES: Reducing smoking in young adults, particularly young Māori and Pacific, is vital for reducing tobacco harm and health inequalities in New Zealand (NZ). We investigated how NZ policy experts appraised the feasibility and likely effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce smoking prevalence among 18-24 year olds. DESIGN: We used a qualitative design, conducting semistructured interviews and applying thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 15 key informants, including politicians, senior policy analysts and leading tobacco control advocates...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227234/could-you-buy-me-a-beer-measuring-secondary-supply-of-alcohol-in-dutch-on-premise-outlets
#11
Ruud T J Roodbeen, Suzie Geurtsen, Karen Schelleman-Offermans
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol is largely available for Dutch minors through on-premise secondary supply, which occurs when an adult furnishes an alcoholic drink to a minor in an on-premise outlet. Vendors allowing this secondary supply on their premises are in violation of the Dutch Licensing and Catering Act (legal age limit is 18 years old for the sale and possession of alcohol). Using existing mystery shopping protocols as a standard, our study objective was the development and field testing of a novel procedure, measuring vendors' compliance with secondary supply...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223476/fecundity-in-an-infertile-man-with-r-15-a-challenge-to-the-current-paradigm
#12
Hamid Kalantari, Hamideh Karimi, Seyed Navid Almadani, Mostafa Fakhri, Pegah Mokhtari, Hamid Gourabi, Anahita Mohseni Meybodi
Ring chromosome 15 [r(15)] is a rare condition with a mild-to-severe growth failure, mental disabilities, café-au-lait spots, specific facial features, fertility difficulties and other minor dysmorphic stigmata. Of almost 50 affected individuals reported in the literature, none were assessed for the precise breakpoint positioning, which creates uncertainty in defining a specific phenotype for the deleted segment. This study reports for the first time the vertical transmission of r(15) in three consecutive generations of a family, including a subfertile man, his mother and his newborn infant...
November 22, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198234/cajal-psychologist-of-science
#13
Nuria Anaya-Reig, Manuela Romo
This paper presents abundant empirical evidence to support the view that Santiago Ramón y Cajal was a pioneer of the emerging Psychology of Science discipline. Narrative analysis of his autobiography (Recollections of my Life) and some of his unspecialized works (Advice for a Young Investigator, The World from an Eighty-Year-Old's Point of View, and Café Chats) revealed that the Spanish histologist's interest in the psychology of scientists was part and parcel of a high-level, intellectual self-regulation strategy he applied on his path to success...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193016/dupilumab-with-concomitant-topical-corticosteroids-in-adult-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis-who-are-not-adequately-controlled-with-or-are-intolerant-to-ciclosporin-a-or-when-this-treatment-is-medically-inadvisable-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-phase-3-clinical
#14
M de Bruin-Weller, D Thaçi, C H Smith, K Reich, M Cork, A Radin, Q Zhang, B Akinlade, A Gadkari, L Eckert, T Hultsch, Z Chen, G Pirozzi, N M H Graham, B Shumel
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that may require systemic therapy. Ciclosporin A (CsA) is a widely-used, potent immunosuppressant for AD. CsA is not effective in all patients, and side effects limit its use. Dupilumab, a fully human anti-interleukin (IL)-4 receptor-alpha monoclonal antibody, inhibits signaling of IL-4 and IL-13, key drivers of type 2/Th2-mediated inflammation, and is approved in the U.S.A. and the E.U. for the treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe AD...
November 28, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192939/-lessons-learned-from-experiencing-mavi-at-caf%C3%A3-blue-horse-caf%C3%A3-during-six-years-a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-contributing-to-recovery-from-the-perspective-of-schizophrenia-patients
#15
Haldun Soygür, M Merve Yüksel, Pınar Eraslan, Seda Attepe Özden
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the recovery-oriented approaches (along with experiences and thoughts of patients and patient's relatives) have been taken into account for establishing mental health services and policies. This study aims to identify the factors contributing to recovery, as observed from the perspective of schizophrenia patients working at The Blue Horse Café which was founded by the Federation of Schizophrenia Associations. METHOD: The sample for the study consisted of 24 patients who worked at The Blue Horse Café...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190167/engaging-the-transgender-community-to-improve-medical-education-and-prioritize-healthcare-initiatives
#16
Emily J Noonan, Susan Sawning, Ryan Combs, Laura A Weingartner, Leslee J Martin, V Faye Jones, Amy Holthouser
Phenomenon: Transgender patients experience discrimination, limited access to care, and inadequate provider knowledge in healthcare settings. Medical education to address transgender-specific disparities is lacking. Research that engages transgender community members may help address health disparities by empowering patients, increasing trust, and informing medical curricula to increase competence. APPROACH: A 2015 Community Forum on Transgender Health Care was hosted at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, which included healthcare professionals and transgender community members to facilitate dialogue among mixed-participant groups using a World Café model...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186634/a-model-to-integrate-health-promotion-and-wellness-in-physical-therapist-practice-development-and-validation
#17
Donald H Lein, Diane Clark, Cecilia Graham, Patricia Perez, David Morris
Background: Globally, physical therapy professional organizations have called for physical therapists to perform lifestyle behavior management during customary care, or health-focused care, due to increasing morbidity and mortality related to noncommunicable diseases. Given the potential for health-focused care to improve health outcomes, physical therapists should integrate health promotion into their daily clinical practice. A clinical model that illustrates necessary steps to deliver health-focused care would be helpful to educate present and future physical therapists...
December 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170350/53%C3%A2-piloting-patch-providing-assessment-and-treatment-for-children-at-home-and-piecing-together-what-works
#18
Caroline Ward, Katie Knight, Mary-Rose Ballard, Georgina Keogh, Miriam Samuel, Sara Buttle, Claire Robb, Francesca Cleugh
AIMS: PATCH is a pilot acute community children's nurse led service delivering assessment and treatment for children at home who are moderately unwell and might otherwise be admitted to hospital or attend Paediatric Emergency Department (PED). Children are referred by PED or GP and followed up via telephone support and home visits depending on clinical need for duration of acute illness. METHODS: Pilot year funded by Imperial Charity. Using evaluation to build business case for sustained commissioned service...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152524/young-adult-perceptions-surrounding-hookah-use
#19
Megan E Roberts, Elizabeth G Klein, Micah L Berman, Bilen Berhane, Amy K Ferketich
Objective: We aimed to improve understanding of young adults' perceptions and interpretations of the contexts surrounding use. Methods: We conducted focus groups with young adult hookah users (ages 18-28) to examine hookah-use experiences and risk perceptions. Results: Two dominant themes that emerged from the discussions were the social aspects of use (eg, "ending up" at a hookah café while out with friends), and the mental and physiological reactions to use (eg, relaxation and a "high" feeling)...
November 2017: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150472/are-food-and-drink-retailers-within-nhs-venues-adhering-to-nice-quality-standard-94-guidance-on-childhood-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-large-secondary-care-nhs-hospitals-in-england
#20
Alice James, Laura Birch, Peter Fletcher, Sally Pearson, Catherine Boyce, Andy R Ness, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Fiona E Lithander
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the food and drink retail outlets in two major National Health Service (NHS) district general hospitals in England adhere to quality statements 1-3 of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard 94. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study to assess the food and drink options available in vending machines, restaurants, cafes and shops in two secondary care hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to quality statement 1 whereby the food and drink items available in the vending machines were classified as either healthy or less healthy using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM)...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
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