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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778816/disneyization-a-framework-for-understanding-illicit-drug-use-in-bounded-play-spaces
#1
Tim Turner
BACKGROUND: This paper combines evidence from an ethnographic study of illicit drug use amongst tourists in Ibiza with Bryman's (2004) theoretical model of Disneyization. The principal aim was to construct a new conceptual framework that may help scholars, practitioners and policy makers make sense of dynamic patterns of illegal drug use across bounded play spaces such as tourist resorts, music festivals and nightclubs. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork employing a grounded theory design was undertaken over three summers in tourist locations on the Balearic island of Ibiza, including nightclubs, bars, cafes, beaches, airports and hotels...
May 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770905/congenital-grouped-albinotic-spots-of-the-retinal-pigment-epithelium-in-a-patient-with-hemihypertrophy-and-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-spots
#2
Eugenia C White, Jesse D Sengillo, Galaxy Y Cho, Mathieu F Bakhoum, Stephen H Tsang
PURPOSE: To describe the finding of circularly grouped hypomelanotic spots in the central macula of a patient with syndromic characteristics. METHODS: Case report of a patient with albinotic spots grouped within the macula, café au lait spots, and left-sided hemihypertrophy. RESULTS: A 15-year-old boy presented with hypomelanotic spots which were hyperautofluorescent on fundus autofluorescence imaging with no disruption of the retinal laminae or photoreceptor inner and outer segment (IS/OS) junction on spectral domain optical coherence tomography...
May 16, 2018: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768331/the-value-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Jiazhong Ren, Guoren Yang, Jing Zhou, Zheng Fu
RATIONALE: Neurofibromatosis type one (NF1) is characterized by cutaneous and nervous lesions, and the tendency to form plexiform neurofibromas (PNFs). PNFs may undergo malignant transformation into a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). MPNSTs often carry an significant morbidity and mortality. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 17-year-old man with gradually increased multiple subcutaneous soft lesions. He also presented with numerous lentigines and multiple café-au-lait macules on his body...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762063/agency-and-gender-influence-older-adults-presence-related-experiences-in-an-interactive-virtual-environment
#4
Oswald D Kothgassner, Andreas Goreis, Johanna X Kafka, Helmut Hlavacs, Leon Beutl, Ilse Kryspin-Exner, Anna Felnhofer
While virtual humans are increasingly used to benefit the elderly, considerably little is still known about older adults' virtual experiences. However, due to age-related changes, older adults' perceptions of virtual environments (VEs) may be unique. Hence, our objective was to examine possible gender differences in immersion, flow, and emotional states as well as physical and social presence in elderly males and females interacting either with a computer-controlled agent or a human-controlled avatar. Seventy-eight German-speaking older adults were randomly assigned to an avatar or an agent condition and were exposed to a brief social encounter in a virtual café...
May 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738061/use-of-ultrasound-guided-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-as-an-anesthesia-technique-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-report
#5
Emine Aysu Şalvız, Emre Sertaç Bingül, Meltem Savran Karadeniz, Ömer Berköz, Erman Ak, Kamil Mehmet Tuğrul
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by cutaneous and/or plexiform neurofibromas and hyperpigmented café-au-lait spots. It affects multiple endocrine and visceral organs and can be associated with several difficulties such as potential airway (ventilation/intubation) problems, abnormal spinal anatomy, and peripheral neurofibromas. Therefore, anesthesia technique selection becomes more of an issue in terms of avoiding complications and decreasing morbidity and mortality...
April 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737843/crystal-and-magnetic-structures-of-the-chain-antiferromagnet-cafe-4-al-8
#6
Volodymyr Gvozdetskyi, Anatoliy Senyshyn, Roman Gladyshevskii, Viktor Hlukhyy
The crystal structure of CaFe4 Al8 was studied by X-ray single crystal and powder diffraction as well as high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. CaFe4 Al8 crystallizes with a tetragonal CeMn4 Al8 -type structure, an ordered variant of the ThMn12 -type (Pearson symbol tI26, space group I4/ mmm, a = 8.777(1), c = 5.077(1) Å). Similarly to the well-known A15-type superconductors, the structure of CaFe4 Al8 contains one-dimensional chains of d-metal atoms, which are parallel to the crystallographic fourfold axis...
May 8, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728975/benzo-a-pyrene-parallel-measurements-in-pm-1-and-pm-2-5-in-the-coastal-zone-of-the-gulf-of-gdansk-baltic-sea-in-the-heating-and-non-heating-seasons
#7
Anita Urszula Lewandowska, Marta Staniszewska, Agnieszka Witkowska, Magdalena Machuta, Lucyna Falkowska
Parallel measurements of PM1 and PM2.5 aerosols were conducted in the urbanized coastal zone of the southern Baltic Sea. The main aim of the research was to assess and determine annual, seasonal (heating and non-heating), and daily concentration variability of benzo(a)pyrene in aerosols, these being the most dangerous constituents to human health. The average annual concentration of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) was equal to 2.6 ng·m-3 in PM1 and 4.6 ng·m-3 in PM2.5 , and both values were several times higher than the level of 1 ng·m-3 which was set out in the CAFE Directive...
May 5, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728341/adopt-a-bacterium-an-active-and-collaborative-learning-experience-in-microbiology-based-on-social-media
#8
Marco Aurélio Floriano Piantola, Ana Carolina Ramos Moreno, Heloísa Alonso Matielo, Natalia Pasternak Taschner, Rafael Ciro Marques Cavalcante, Samia Khan, Rita de Cássia Café Ferreira
The "Adopt a Bacterium" project is based on the use of social network as a tool in Microbiology undergraduate education, improving student learning and encouraging students to participate in collaborative learning. The approach involves active participation of both students and teachers, emphasizing knowledge exchange, based on widely used social media. Students were organized in groups and asked to adopt a specific bacterial genus and, subsequently, submit posts about "adopted genus". The formative assessment is based on posting information on Facebook®, and the summative assessment involves presentation of seminars about the adopted theme...
April 24, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726114/high-fluence-1064-nm-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-safe-and-effective-treatment-of-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-macules-in-asian-patients
#9
Jin Ok Baek, Il-Joong Park, Kyung Real Lee, Ha Ryeong Ryu, Jeongsoo Kim, Seulki Lee, Yu Ri Kim, Hoon Hur
OBJECTIVES: Café-au-lait macules (CALMs) are benign cutaneous hyperpigmentary disorders. Usually, laser therapies for cosmetic concerns result in more severe side effects in the people of Asian descent than that of Caucasians. Unfortunately, there is no gold standard for the laser treatment of CALMs in skin of people of Asian descent. To investigate the efficacy and safety of a high-fluence 1064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment of CALMs in Asian patients...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707634/moving-chairs-in-starbucks-observational-studies-find-rice-wheat-cultural-differences-in-daily-life-in-china
#10
Thomas Talhelm, Xuemin Zhang, Shigehiro Oishi
Traditional paddy rice farmers had to share labor and coordinate irrigation in a way that most wheat farmers did not. We observed people in everyday life to test whether these agricultural legacies gave rice-farming southern China a more interdependent culture and wheat-farming northern China a more independent culture. In Study 1, we counted 8964 people sitting in cafes in six cities and found that people in northern China were more likely to be sitting alone. In Study 2, we moved chairs together in Starbucks across the country so that they were partially blocking the aisle ( n = 678)...
April 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705051/intra-abdominal-fat-measurement-by-ultrasonography-association-with-anthropometry-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents
#11
Rommel L R Novais, Ana Carolina C Café, Aisha A Morais, Wendell C Bila, Gilson D da S Santos, Carlos Alexandre de O Lopes, Vinícius S Belo, Márcia Christina C Romano, Joel A Lamounier
OBJECTIVE: To associate intra-abdominal fat thickness measured by ultrasonography to the factors related to metabolic syndrome and to determine cutoff points of intra-abdominal fat measurement associated with a greater chance of metabolic syndrome in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, with 423 adolescents from public schools. Intra-abdominal fat was measured by ultrasonography. Anthropometric data were collected, and biochemical analyses were performed...
April 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693785/clinical-spectrum-of-kiaa2022-pathogenic-variants-in-males-case-report-of-two-boys-with-kiaa2022-pathogenic-variants-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Melissa Lorenzo, Irene Stolte-Dijkstra, Patrick van Rheenen, Ronald Garth Smith, Tom Scheers, Jagdeep S Walia
KIAA2022 is an X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) syndrome affecting males more severely than females. Few males with KIAA2022 variants and XLID have been reported. We present a clinical report of two unrelated males, with two nonsense KIAA2022 pathogenic variants, with profound intellectual disabilities, limited language development, strikingly similar autistic behavior, delay in motor milestones, and postnatal growth restriction. Patient 1, 19-years-old, has long ears, deeply set eyes with keratoconus, strabismus, a narrow forehead, anteverted nares, café-au-lait spots, macroglossia, thick vermilion of the upper and lower lips, and prognathism...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693058/piebaldism-with-multiple-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-like-hyperpigmented-macules-and-inguinal-freckling-caused-by-a-novel-kit-mutation
#13
Jerry C Nagaputra, Mark J A Koh, Maggie Brett, Eileen C P Lim, Hwee-Woon Lim, Ene-Choo Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689067/pathogenic-adaptations-of-colletotrichum-fungi-revealed-by-genome-wide-gene-family-evolutionary-analyses
#14
Xiaofei Liang, Bo Wang, Qiuyue Dong, Lingnan Li, Jeffrey A Rollins, Rong Zhang, Guangyu Sun
The fungal genus Colletotrichum contains hemibiotrophic phytopathogens being highly variable in host and tissue specificities. We sequenced a C. fructicola genome (1104-7) derived from an isolate of apple in China and compared it with the reference genome (Nara_gc5) derived from an isolate of strawberry in Japan. Mauve alignment and BlastN search identified 0.62 Mb lineage-specific (LS) genomic regions in 1104-7 with a length criterion of 10 kb. Genes located within LS regions evolved more dynamically, and a strongly elevated proportion of genes were closely related to non-Colletotrichum sequences...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683957/biliary-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-an-infant-male-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#15
Fatema Alhashem, Ebru Yilmaz, Mehmet A Ozdemir, Kemal Deniz, Ali Yikilmaz, Turkan Patiroglu, Musa Karakukcu, Ekrem Unal
Different types of malignancies can be seen in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). Herein we present a rare combination of NF-1 and biliary rhabdomyosarcoma in a male infant. An 11-month-old boy, who was recently diagnosed with NF-1, presented to the outpatient clinic with a 3-month history of prolonged jaundice, and failure to thrive. Clinical examination showed >20 café au let spots distributed mainly over the abdominal trunk. Hepatomegaly (4 cm below the costal margin) was additionally observed...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677610/a-new-electrochemical-sensor-for-highly-sensitive-and-selective-detection-of-nitrite-in-food-samples-based-on-sonochemical-synthesized-calcium-ferrite-cafe-2-o-4-clusters-modified-screen-printed-carbon-electrode
#16
Paramasivam Balasubramanian, Ramki Settu, Shen-Ming Chen, Tse-Wei Chen, Ganapathi Sharmila
Herein, we report a novel, disposable electrochemical sensor for the detection of nitrite ions in food samples based on the sonochemical synthesized orthorhombic CaFe2 O4 (CFO) clusters modified screen printed electrode. As synthesized CFO clusters were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and amperometry (i-t)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672530/development-of-an-effective-virtual-environment-in-eliciting-craving-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#17
Yu-Bin Shin, Jae-Jin Kim, Min-Kyeong Kim, Sunghyon Kyeong, Young Hoon Jung, Hyojung Eom, Eunjoo Kim
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is a new disorder that warrants further investigation, as recently noted in the research criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Offering controlled environments that increase cue-induced craving, virtual reality cue-exposure therapy has been shown to be effective for some addiction disorders. To assess the feasibility of virtual reality for patients with IGD, this study aimed to develop virtual environments that represent risk situations for inducing craving, and assess the effect of virtual reality in cue reactivity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666462/tranilast-inhibits-the-expression-of-genes-related-to-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-angiogenesis-in-neurofibromin-deficient-cells
#18
Ritsuko Harigai, Shigeki Sakai, Hiroyuki Nobusue, Chikako Hirose, Oltea Sampetrean, Noriaki Minami, Yukie Hata, Takashi Kasama, Takanori Hirose, Toshiki Takenouchi, Kenjiro Kosaki, Kazuo Kishi, Hideyuki Saya, Yoshimi Arima
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is caused by germline mutations in the NF1 gene and is characterized by café au lait spots and benign tumours known as neurofibromas. NF1 encodes the tumour suppressor protein neurofibromin, which negatively regulates the small GTPase Ras, with the constitutive activation of Ras signalling resulting from NF1 mutations being thought to underlie neurofibroma development. We previously showed that knockdown of neurofibromin triggers epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signalling and that such signalling is activated in NF1-associated neurofibromas...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658616/multiple-tobacco-use-among-young-adult-waterpipe-smokers-in-egypt
#19
Aya Mostafa, Moustafa El Houssinie, Aisha Aboul Fotouh
Background: The use of multiple tobacco products is an emerging trend. Studies on multiple use among waterpipe smokers are limited. Objectives: We aimed to estimate the proportion of other tobacco products used by current adult waterpipe smokers in Egypt and identify the determinants of multiple tobacco product use. Methods: Population-based surveys were conducted using interview questionnaires during 2015-2017 in urban Cairo and rural Menoufia...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625734/the-significance-of-digital-citizenship-in-the-well-being-of-older-migrants
#20
A Millard, L Baldassar, R Wilding
OBJECTIVES: To understand the increasingly important role of digital citizenship (the ability to participate in society online) in supporting the well-being of ageing migrants. STUDY DESIGN: Participant observation, social network mapping, ethnographic and life-history interviews. METHODS: Fifteen in-depth case studies examined the role of online participation in fostering the well-being and care of older migrants in Perth, Western Australia...
April 3, 2018: Public Health
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