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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150472/are-food-and-drink-retailers-within-nhs-venues-adhering-to-nice-quality-standard-94-guidance-on-childhood-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-large-secondary-care-nhs-hospitals-in-england
#1
Alice James, Laura Birch, Peter Fletcher, Sally Pearson, Catherine Boyce, Andy R Ness, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Fiona E Lithander
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the food and drink retail outlets in two major National Health Service (NHS) district general hospitals in England adhere to quality statements 1-3 of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard 94. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study to assess the food and drink options available in vending machines, restaurants, cafes and shops in two secondary care hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to quality statement 1 whereby the food and drink items available in the vending machines were classified as either healthy or less healthy using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM)...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149874/observation-and-assessment-of-the-nutritional-quality-of-out-of-school-foods-popular-with-secondary-school-pupils-at-lunchtime
#2
Fiona Crawford, Dionne Mackison, John D Mooney, Anne Ellaway
BACKGROUND: The contemporary Scottish diet is unhealthy and a risk factor for poor health outcomes including obesity. Over a third of Scottish children are at risk of being overweight or obese, and there have been calls to strengthen the evidence base on the role of the food retail environment around schools in influencing the consumption of unhealthy foods. METHODS: We examined the food retail environment around five secondary schools in Glasgow city, Scotland...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146379/lt-adjuvant-modulates-epitope-specificity-and-improves-the-efficacy-of-murine-antibodies-elicited-by-sublingual-vaccination-with-the-n-terminal-domain-of-streptococcus-mutans-p1
#3
Milene Tavares Batista, Ewerton Lucena Ferreira, Gisela de Souza Pereira, Phillip Stafford, Denicar Lina Nascimento Fabris Maeda, Juliana Falcão Rodrigues, L Jeannine Brady, Stephen Albert Johnston, Luís Carlos de Souza Ferreira, Rita de Cássia Café Ferreira
In this study, we evaluated the immunogenicity, protective efficacy and peptide-based immune signatures of antibodies raised in mice after sublingual immunization with a recombinant form of the P1 (aka AgI/II, PAc) adhesin (P139-512) of Streptococcus mutans, a major etiological agent of dental caries. Sublingual administration of P139-512 in combination with the mucosal adjuvant LTK4R (a derivative of heat-labile LT toxin) induced strong and long-lasting systemic and mucosal immune responses. Incorporation of the adjuvant resulted in an enhancement of the anti-adhesive and anti-colonization activity against S...
November 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140555/withdrawn-electrical-cardioversion-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter
#4
REVIEW
Gillian E Mead, Andrew Elder, Andrew D Flapan, John Cordina
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation increases stroke risk and adversely affects cardiovascular haemodynamics. Electrical cardioversion may, by restoring sinus rhythm, improve cardiovascular haemodynamics, reduce the risk of stroke, and obviate the need for long-term anticoagulation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation or flutter on the risk of thromboembolic events, strokes and mortality (primary outcomes), the rate of cognitive decline, quality of life, the use of anticoagulants and the risk of re-hospitalisation (secondary outcomes) in adults (>18 years)...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132620/identifying-and-prioritizing-the-tools-techniques-of-knowledge-management-based-on-the-asian-productivity-organization-model-apo-to-use-in-hospitals
#5
Hamid Khajouei, Reza Khajouei
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate knowledge, correct information, and relevant data are vital in medical diagnosis and treatment systems. Knowledge Management (KM) through its tools/techniques provides a pertinent framework for decision-making in healthcare systems. The objective of this study was to identify and prioritize the KM tools/techniques that apply to hospital setting. METHODS: This is a descriptive-survey study. Data were collected using a -researcher-made questionnaire that was developed based on experts' opinions to select the appropriate tools/techniques from 26 tools/techniques of the Asian Productivity Organization (APO) model...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111152/vegetarian-or-meat-food-choice-modeling-of-main-dishes-occurs-outside-of-awareness
#6
Chelsea D Christie, Frances S Chen
It is well established that the amount eaten by other people affects how much we eat, but unanswered questions exist regarding how much the food choices of other people affect the types of food that we choose. Past research on food choice modeling has primarily been conducted in controlled laboratory situations and has focused on snack foods. The current research examines the extent to which food choice modeling of a main dish occurs in a real-life context and whether people are aware of being influenced by others...
October 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109888/melanotic-schwannomas-are-rarely-seen-pigmented-tumors-with-unpredictable-prognosis-and-challenging-diagnosis
#7
Elif Keskin, Sumeyye Ekmekci, Ozgur Oztekin, Gulden Diniz
Melanotic Schwannoma (MS) is rarely seen and potentially malignant neoplasm that is categorized as a variant of Schwannoma. MS most frequently involves intracranial structures followed by posterior nerve roots in the spinal canal. Approximately 50% of the cases with MS have psammomatous calcifications and this type of MS is related to Carney complex with autosomal dominant inheritance. Most cases of MS are benign, though 10% of them are malignant with metastatic potential. MS mimics melanoma and the differential diagnosis should be made excluding other melanin producing neoplasms especially melanoma...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109238/extensive-tonotopic-mapping-across-auditory-cortex-is-recapitulated-by-spectrally-directed-attention-and-systematically-related-to-cortical-myeloarchitecture
#8
Frederic K Dick, Matt I Lehet, Martina F Callaghan, Tim A Keller, Martin I Sereno, Lori L Holt
Auditory selective attention is vital in natural soundscapes. But, it is unclear how attentional focus on the primary dimension of auditory representation - acoustic frequency - might modulate basic auditory functional topography during active listening. In contrast to visual selective attention, which is supported by motor-mediated optimization of input across saccades and pupil dilation, the primate auditory system has fewer means of differentially sampling the world. This makes spectrally-directed endogenous attention a particularly crucial aspect of auditory attention...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106587/tracking-and-responding-to-an-outbreak-of-tuberculosis-using-miru-vntr-genotyping-and-whole-genome-sequencing-as-epidemiological-tools
#9
Anne T Black, Esther L Hamblion, Helen Buttivant, Sarah R Anderson, Madeline Stone, Nicola Casali, Francis Drobniewski, Francisca Nwoguh, Ben G Marshall, Linda Booth
Background: We describe an outbreak that contributed to a near doubling of the incidence of tuberculosis in Southampton, UK. We examine the importance of 24 locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) genotyping in its identification and management and the role of whole genome sequencing (WGS) in tracing the spread of the strain. Methods: Outbreak cases were defined as those diagnosed between January and December 2011 with indistinguishable 24 locus-MIRU-VNTR genotypes or, cases linked epidemiologically...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104223/detection-of-rare-somatic-gnas-mutation-in-mccune-albright-syndrome-using-a-novel-peptide-nucleic-acid-probe-in-a-single-tube
#10
Fu-Sung Lo, Tai-Long Chen, Chiuan-Chian Chiou
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is characterized by the triad of precocious puberty, café au lait pigmentation, and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (FD) of bone, and is caused by post-zygotic somatic mutations-R201H or R201C-in the guanine nucleotide binding protein, alpha stimulating (GNAS) gene. In the present study, a novel peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe with fluorescent labeling was designed to detect trace amounts of somatic mutant GNAS in a single tube reaction. The method was applied to screen GNAS mutations in six patients with MAS/FD...
November 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098459/picosecond-532-nm-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminium-garnet-laser-a-novel-and-promising-modality-for-the-treatment-of-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-macules
#11
Ofir Artzi, Joseph N Mehrabi, Amir Koren, Roni Niv, Moshe Lapidoth, Assi Levi
Café-au-lait macules (CALMs) present as benign hyperpigmented, well-circumscribed spots on the skin for which many patients seek treatment for aesthetic reasons. The objective of this study is to report our experience in treating CALMs using a picosecond 532-nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (PS 532 nm) laser. This is a retrospective case series of 16 patients with CALMs who were treated by a PS 532-nm laser (1-4 treatments, 4-8 weeks apart). Response as seen on clinical photographs was assessed by two independent dermatologists and graded on a scale of 0 (exacerbation) to 5 (95-100% improvement)...
November 2, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089742/a-case-of-retroperitoneal-malignant-triton-tumor-in-a-nigerian-boy
#12
Jideofor Okechukwu Ugwu, Michael Emeka Onwukamuche, Hyginus O Ekwunife, Jude Kennedy C Emejulu, Victor Modekwe, Osuigwe An Osuigwe
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare tumor occurring in 5%-10% of all malignant soft tissues sarcomas and triton tumor arising from neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is even rarer with associated high rate of mortality. No case of triton tumor has been reported in Nigeria to the best of our knowledge. We seek to report a case of lately detected retroperitoneal triton tumor presenting in a 12-year-old Nigerian child who was brought with bilateral lower limb weaknesses, weight loss, and a right lumbar mass...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079545/thsd7a-associated-membranous-nephropathy-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#13
Fujun Lin, Dan Zhang, Juan Chang, Xuanli Tang, Wenbin Guan, Gengru Jiang, Chun Zhu, Fan Bian
Target antigens in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN) include the phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R), and in some cases, the thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A). A notable phenomenon is the high rate of cancer (reported to be as high as 20%) in patients with THSD7A-associated MN. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by NF1 gene mutation, and clinically characterized by multiple cutaneous neurofibromas and café-au-lait spots. In this article, we report a patient with NF1 who developed THSD7A-associated MN when the NF1 skin lesions deteriorated...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074268/waterpipe-caf%C3%A3-s-are-hazardous-to-your-health-determination-of-a-waterpipe-specific-calibration-factor
#14
Mark J Travers, Jessica A Kulak, Lisa Vogl
INTRODUCTION: The use of a waterpipe to smoke tobacco has emerged as a popular trend in the United States. Waterpipe smoking establishments have had an increasing presence in the U.S., despite smoke-free air legislation. Dangers of waterpipe smoking have been documented, but less data has been gathered about the waterpipe café itself. This project sought to determine a waterpipe-specific calibration factor (CF) for measuring waterpipe aerosol, and field-test this CF by conducting surveillance on the existing waterpipe cafés of western and central New York...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024214/regenerative-medicine-stroke-survivor-and-carer-views-and-motivations-towards-a-proposed-stem-cell-clinical-trial-using-placebo-neurosurgery
#15
Nicola A Cunningham, Purva Abhyankar, Julie Cowie, Jayne Galinsky, Karen Methven
BACKGROUND: Few studies explore stroke survivor views and motivations towards stem cell therapy (SCT). This qualitative study explores the views and motivations of both stroke survivors and their partners/carers towards a proposed 2-arm Phase III Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) comparing intracerebral insertion of stem cells with placebo neurosurgery in stroke survivors with disability. OBJECTIVE: To explore views and motivations towards a proposed 2-arm stem cell trial and identify factors that may impede and enhance participation...
October 12, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022943/simultaneous-measurement-of-sleep-and-feeding-in-individual-drosophila
#16
Keith R Murphy, Jin Hong Park, Robert Huber, William W Ja
Drosophila is widely used for the dissection of genetic and neuronal mechanisms of behavior. Recently, flies have emerged as a model for investigating the regulation of feeding and sleep. Although typically studied in isolation, increasing evidence points to a fundamental connection between these behaviors. Thus, a system for measuring sleep and feeding simultaneously in a single integrated system is important for interpreting behavioral shifts of either state. Here, we describe the construction and use of the Activity Recording Capillary Feeder or CAFE (ARC), a machine-vision (automated image tracking)-based system for the integrated measurement of sleep and feeding in individual Drosophila...
November 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022278/alzheimer-caf%C3%A3-an-approach-focused-on-alzheimer-s-patients-but-with-remarkable-values-on-the-quality-of-life-of-their-caregivers
#17
Paola Merlo, Maria Devita, Alessandra Mandelli, Maria Luisa Rusconi, Raquel Taddeucci, Alice Terzi, Gianpiero Arosio, Maria Bellati, Maura Gavazzeni, Sara Mondini
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects the global quality of life of persons who suffer from it and their caregivers, because of the behavioral and psychological consequences associated with the pathology and its caring. The Alzheimer Café (AC) is one example of approach aimed to help persons and caregivers deal with their disease. AIM: This is a pilot study focusing on the efficacy of AC in relieving caregivers' and persons' burdens due to dementia. METHODS: The quality of life of both caregivers and persons who attended the AC was compared with the quality of life of those who did not...
October 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991425/the-economic-impact-of-smoke-free-policies-on-restaurants-caf%C3%A3-s-and-bars-panel-data-estimates-from-european-countries
#18
Luca Pieroni, Luca Salmasi
In this paper, we investigate the extent to which the economic outcomes of restaurants, bars, and cafés have been affected by the introduction of anti-smoking regulations in Europe. We use an unexploited panel database to collect a comprehensive set of information on financial indicators regarding the balance sheets of private and public companies in various economic sectors. The results show that smoke-free policies did not significantly affect the firms' economic performance, irrespective of the balance sheet indicators analyzed...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979620/-lisch-nodule-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#19
Yassine Abaloun, Yousra Ajhoun
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) or Von Recklinghausen disease manifests as cutaneous café-au-lait spots and neurofibromas. It is one of the most common autosomal dominant genetic diseases. It is extremely variable in its individual manifestation. Cutaneous and neurologic symptoms are the most common manifestations but it can also affect other organs including eyes, bones and other areas. Lisch nodules are the most common ocular manifestations in NF-1. They are asymptomatic small pigmented iris tumors (iris hamartomas) which can help suggest the diagnosis of NF1 as they are characteristic of this disease and mostly occur in adult patients...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972636/introducing-the-world-caf%C3%A3-to-doctor-of-nursing-practice-students
#20
Vivian Dawkins, Abida Solomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
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