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Renal Recovery

Haojie Cui, Ge Xiong, Chunlin Zhang, Zirun Xiao
Objective: To investigate pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of crush syndrome of chest and arm. Methods: Between January 2010 and January 2015, 5 cases of crush syndrome of chest and arm caused by pressing oneself in a coma after CO poisoning or alcoholic intoxication were treated. There were 4 males and 1 female with an average age of 36.7 years (range, 28-46 years). Two patients involved left upper limb and chest, while the other three patients involved right upper limb and chest...
June 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
R M Kurbanaliev, A Ch Usupbaev, I V Kolesnichenko, N Zh Sadyrbekov, B M Sultanov
AIM: To investigate the functional state of the upper urinary tract in patients undergoing autoplastic surgery for a hydronophrosis of the intrarenal pelvis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 78 patients with the intrarenal pelvis and impaired urinary outflow due to stricture of the ureteropelvic junction and vascular conflict (interatrial and arteriovenous narrowing), who underwent pyeloplasty using autologous tunica vaginalis. All patients underwent an incision of ureteropelvic stricture and resection of the parietal layer of the tunica vaginalis which was used to repair the obstruction site and internal stenting of the upper urinary tract...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
Tahrin Mahmood, Robert Puckrin, Linda Sugar, David Naimark
Rationale: Staphylococcus-associated glomerulonephritis (SAGN) is a rare immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis associated with active Staphylococcus infection. We report a case illustrating the importance of clinical history and kidney biopsy findings in establishing the correct diagnosis. Presenting concerns of the patient: We report the case of a 64-year-old man with alcohol-associated cirrhosis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and hypertension who presented to hospital with lower back and abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, a purpuric lower extremity rash, and oliguric acute kidney injury with microscopic hematuria and nephrotic-range proteinuria...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Kevin Yau, Janine F Farragher, S Joseph Kim, Olusegun Famure, Sarbjit V Jassal
Background: Functional disability is defined as the need for assistance with self-care tasks. Objective: To document changes in functional status over time among older prevalent renal transplant recipients. Design: Single center, prospective, follow-up study. Setting: Single center, tertiary care transplant center. Patients: Patients, with a functioning kidney transplant, aged 65 years or older who underwent assessment of functional status approximately 12 months previously...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Hussam Mahmoud Sheta, Issam Al-Najami, Heidi Dahl Christensen, Jonna Skov Madsen
BACKGROUND Ethylene glycol poisoning remains an important presentation to Emergency Departments. Quick diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent renal failure and life-threating complications. CASE REPORT In this case report, we present a patient who was admitted unconscious to the hospital. Ethylene glycol poisoning was immediately suspected, because the patient had previously been hospitalized with similar symptoms after intake of antifreeze coolant. A urine sample was sent for microscopy and showed multiple calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals, which supported the clinical suspicion of ethylene glycol poisoning...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Martin Zeier
Proteinuric kidney disease, especially in the early and middle stages of renal insufficiency, may be favorably affected by ACE-I/ARB. The progression of renal insufficiency is thereby slowed down and dialysis obligation occurs later or can even be avoided. This effect is independent of the underlying glomerular kidney disease. In the advanced stage of renal insufficiency, the benefit of ACE-I/ARB cannot yet be conclusively assessed. The interruption of ACE-I/ARB therapy may possibly contribute to a certain recovery of renal function and delay the onset of dialysis a little...
June 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Jennifer L Riggs, Carolyn E Pace, Heather H Ward, Laura V Gonzalez Bosc, Lynnette Rios, Adleaeda Barrera, Nancy L Kanagy
Kidney injury and sleep apnea (SA) are independent risk factors for hypertension. Exposing rats to intermittent hypoxia (IH) to simulate SA increases blood pressure while adenine feeding causes persistent kidney damage to model chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that exposing CKD rats to IH would exacerbate the development of hypertension and renal failure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a 0.2% adenine or control diet until blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was > 120 mg/dL in adenine fed rats (14 {plus minus} 4 days)...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
A F Saltzman, J C Warncke, A N Colvin, A Carrasco, J P Roach, J L Bruny, N G Cost
PURPOSE: To identify the factors associated with a shorter postoperative stay, as an initial step to develop a care pathway for children undergoing extirpative kidney surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively reviewed patients managed with upfront open radical nephrectomy for renal tumors between 2005 and 2016 at a pediatric tertiary care facility. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed to identify factors associated with early discharge (by postoperative day 4)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Benjamin J Lee, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Rishi V Parikh, Thomas K Leong, Thida C Tan, Sophia Walia, Kathleen D Liu, Raymond K Hsu, Alan S Go
BACKGROUND: The high mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) burden in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is well-documented. Recent literature suggests that acute kidney injury is also associated with CVD. It is unknown whether patients with incident ESRD due to dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (AKI-D) are at higher short-term risk for death and CVD events, compared with incident ESRD patients without preceding AKI-D. Few studies have examined the impact of recovery from AKI-D on subsequent CVD risk...
June 11, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Tina T Thomas, Sahiti Chukkapalli, Raelene A Van Noord, Melanie Krook, Mark J Hoenerhoff, Jonathan R Dillman, Elizabeth R Lawlor, Valerie P Opipari, Erika A Newman
Preclinical testing of anticancer therapies relies on relevant xenograft models that mimic the innate tendencies of cancer. Advantages of standard subcutaneous flank models include procedural ease and the ability to monitor tumor progression and response without invasive imaging. Such models are often inconsistent in translational clinical trials and have limited biologically relevant characteristics with low proclivity to produce metastasis, as there is a lack of a native microenvironment. In comparison, orthotopic xenograft models at native tumor sites have been shown to mimic the tumor microenvironment and replicate important disease characteristics such as distant metastatic spread...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Z Hua, L Zhang, C Li, Z L Deng, L Yao
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy for reoperation after parathyroidectomy for persistent and recurrent secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Methods: Totally 10 patients with persistent or recurrent HPT who underwent parathyroidectomy reoperation at Department of General Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital from April 2001 to October 2012 were selected. Among them, 6 were male and 4 were female with age of (46.9±7.7) years (range: 36 to 57 years). There were 8 cases of persistent HPT and 4 cases of recurrent HPT...
June 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Julia Hasslacher, Fabian Barbieri, Ulrich Harler, Hanno Ulmer, Lui G Forni, Romuald Bellmann, Michael Joannidis
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) on the incidence of and recovery from acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: Patients who had undergone successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) were included. Serum creatinine and cystatin C were measured at baseline, daily up to 5 days and at ICU discharge. AKI was defined by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. MTH was applied for 24 h targeting a temperature of 33 °C...
June 8, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Yamei Wang, Jing Lu, Yuhong Tao
Objective Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is well suited for treating metabolic abnormalities and renal insufficiency associated with tumour lysis syndrome (TLS). However, there is controversy regarding the choice of time for CRRT, the selection of CRRT models, and methods of decreasing complications of CRRT. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and outcomes of daytime continuous veno-venous haemofiltration (CVVH) for treating paediatric TLS. Methods The clinical features, technique-related complications, and prognosis were prospectively analysed in eight paediatric patients with TLS who were supported by daytime CVVH in West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University from January 2007 to July 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
M Nitta, Y Kawamura, T Uchida, T Kano, S Yuzuriha, T Otaki, T Umemoto, Y Shimizu, M Kawakami, H Kim, N Nakajima, K Hanai, S Shoji, S Uehara, S Takiguchi, H Ishida, M Nakamura, T Terachi, A Miyajima
BACKGROUND: In this study we present our new surgical procedure, laparoendoscopic single-site surgery plus 1 for donor nephrectomy (LESS+1-DN), which shortens warm ischemic time (WIT) and improves surgical outcomes. METHODS: From January 2013 to February 2017, 15 patients who underwent LESS-DN and 41 patients who underwent LESS+1-DN at our institution were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were divided into 3 groups: group A, 15 cases of LESS-DN; group B, the first 15 patients who underwent LESS+1-DN; and group C, 26 patients who underwent subsequent LESS+1-DN...
June 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Sung Jin Kim, Jaeyoon Jung, Chanwoo Lee, Sejun Park, Sang Hoon Song, Hye-Sung Won, Kun Suk Kim
We investigated long-term functional changes in the kidney and bladder of patients with posterior urethral valve (PUV) who underwent fetal intervention or postnatal surgery.We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 28 consecutive patients treated for PUV at our institution. Detailed data on medical and surgical histories, particularly on pre- and postnatal treatment modality, including fetal vesicoamniotic shunt, endoscopic valve ablation, and vesicostomy, were collected and analyzed. Long-term renal function was evaluated based on serum levels of creatinine (sCr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and renal scans...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chang Seong Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a paucity of literature that investigates a biomarker associated with successful renal recovery following continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Our study aimed to identify potential renal biomarkers or clinical indicators that could predict the successful weaning from CRRT. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study of 110 patients who had received CRRT and were weaned after renal recovery. Patients were considered to have successfully weaned from CRRT once there was no need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) for at least 14 days...
May 30, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Marco Fiorentino, Fadi A Tohme, Shu Wang, Raghavan Murugan, Derek C Angus, John A Kellum
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that long-term survival after acute kidney injury (AKI) is reduced even if there is clinical recovery. However, we recently reported that in septic shock patients those that recover from AKI have survival similar to patients without AKI. Here, we studied a cohort with less severe sepsis to examine the effects of AKI on longer-term survival as a function of recovery by discharge. METHODS: We analyzed patients with community-acquired pneumonia from the Genetic and Inflammatory Markers of Sepsis (GenIMS) cohort...
2018: PloS One
Munish K Heer, David Clark, Paul R Trevillian, Philip Sprott, Kerrin Palazzi, Adrian D Hibberd
BACKGROUND: Lymphocele development following renal transplantation is a significant adverse event. It may cause acute graft dysfunction or venous obstruction. There are no consistent risk factors reported in literature. Perioperative fluid balance may lead to increased lymphocele formation and has never been studied. We aimed to analyse incidence and risk factors for lymphocele formation. We hypothesized that overhydration in perioperative period is a risk factor. METHODS: We analysed 250 consecutive renal transplant recipients from 2006 to 2014...
June 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
N Gopalakrishnan, J Dhanapriya, C Padmakumar, T Dineshkumar, A A Kurien, R Sakthirajan, T Balasubramaniyan
Collapsing glomerulopathy (CG) is a distinct histopathologic pattern of glomerular injury characterized by global/segmental wrinkling of the glomerular basement membrane with podocyte hyperplasia and hypertrophy along with tubulointerstitial changes. There is no specific treatment for CG due to etiological heterogeneity, and newer insights into the pathogenesis may lead to the development of targeted therapy. The most common form of CG is the primary or idiopathic followed by secondary (due to viral infections, autoimmune disease, drugs, etc...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
K Mehta, A Pajai, S Bhurke, A Shirkande, R Bhadade, R D'Souza
The epidemiological pattern of acute kidney injury (AKI) in tropical countries during monsoon reflects infectious disease as the most important cause. AKI is a confounding factor and may be overlooked by primary health-care providers and underreported in health statistics. The present study prospectively helps estimate the burden of disease and analyze etiology, clinical profile, and outcome in a tertiary care hospital of a metropolitan city in a tropical country. The study period included monsoon season of 2012 and 2013, a total of 8 months...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
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