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Varsha H Chauhan, Richa Chaudhary, Payal Meshram
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an acute monophasic syndrome caused by immune-mediated inflammatory demyelination, often associated with immunization or viral illness. ADEM is associated with multiple neurological symptoms. We are presenting a case of ADEM with stroke, which responded very well to high-dose steroids. Here we report a case of ADEM, masquerading as pediatric stroke.
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Erkan Sahinkaya, Ahmet Sahin, Adem Yurtsever, Mehmet Kitis
Industrial wastewater reuse together with zero or near zero liquid discharges have been a growing trend due to the requirement of sustainable water management mandated by water scarcity and tightening discharge regulations. Studies have been conducted on the reclamation of textile industry wastewater using RO processes. However a lot of scientific attention has been drawn upon limiting the amount of concentrate generated from RO processes, which depends on the concentrations of scale forming ions in the concentrate stream...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Yalcin Alimoglu, Adem Topcu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the distances between the anterior nasal spine and basal lamella (BL), skull base, nasofrontal beak (NfB), and the anterior wall of sphenoid sinus on computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: A total of 160 patients who were seen at the otolaryngology clinic of our institution were evaluated with the help of the image processing software of the radiology department. Cases in which bony structures could not be seen clearly because of previous surgery or trauma were excluded...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Fatma Ela Keskin, Hande Mefkure Ozkaya, Sina Ferahman, Ozlem Haliloglu, Adem Karatas, Figen Aksoy, Pinar Kadioglu
PURPOSE: Prevalence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is increased in patients with acromegaly. We aimed to determine the protein expression of BRAF, RAS, RET, insulin like growth factor 1(IGF1), Galectine 3, CD56 in patients with PTC related acromegaly and to compare the extensity of these expressions with normal PTC patients and benign thyroid nodules. METHODS: We studied 313 patients with acromegaly followed in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinic between 1998 and 2015...
June 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Yavuz Pehlivan, Nurdan Orucoglu, Seda Pehlivan, Gezmis Kimyon, Orhan Zengin, Adem Kucuk, Ali Sahin, Nazmiye Tomas, Mustafa Ferhat Oksuz, Bunyamin Kisacik, Servet Akar, Ahmet Mesut Onat, Ediz Dalkilic
OBJECTIVE: The potential side effects of biological agents may increase the anxiety levels of patients and influence not only their desire to use these therapies but also their concordance to treatment. This study aimed to determine the level and prevalence of drug-related concern in patients treated with biological agents and to acquire additional information regarding the related causes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1134 patients who were using biological agents for at least 3 months with a diagnosis of rheumatic diseases were enrolled...
June 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
M Seckin Kurubas, Ahmet S Maltas, Adem Dogan, Mustafa Kaplan, Mustafa Erkan
BACKGROUND: The impacts of organic and conventional production systems on postharvest life and quality parameters of Batavia type 'Caipira' lettuce heads (Lactuca sativa L.) were investigated. Harvested lettuce heads grown in two different productions systems were stored at 0 °C temperature with 95-98% RH for 20 days in modified atmosphere packaging. RESULTS: The lowest weight loss, the highest ascorbic acid content and antioxidant activity were obtained from organic production system (Org-2)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Rebecca L Wilcox, Patricia V Adem, Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, James B Atkinson, Leah W Burke, Hoiwan Cheung, Shoumita Dasgupta, Julia DeLaGarza, Loren Joseph, Robin LeGallo, Madelyn Lew, Christina M Lockwood, Alice Meiss, Jennifer Norman, Priscilla Markwood, Hasan Rizvi, Kate P Shane-Carson, Mark E Sobel, Eric Suarez, Laura J Tafe, Jason Wang, Richard L Haspel
Genomic medicine is transforming patient care. However, the speed of development has left a knowledge gap between discovery and effective implementation into clinical practice. Since 2010, the Training Residents in Genomics (TRIG) Working Group has found success in building a rigorous genomics curriculum with implementation tools aimed at pathology residents in postgraduate training years 1-4. Based on the TRIG model, the interprofessional Undergraduate Training in Genomics (UTRIG) Working Group was formed...
May 30, 2018: Personalized Medicine
Mustafa Bilici, Adem Zengin, Elvan Ekmen, Demet Cetin, Nahit Aktas
Magnetic molecularly imprinted nanoparticles were prepared through surface-initiated reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization by using metronidazole as a template. The molecularly imprinted magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and vibrating sample magnetometry. The adsorption characteristics were also investigated and the kinetics of the adsorption of metronidazole on the imprinted nanoparticles were described by the second-order kinetic model with the short equilibrium adsorption time (30 min)...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Ibrahim Akkurt, Cansel Cetin, Ahmet Melih Erdogan, Gungor Cagdas Dincel, Aslı Fahriye Ceylan, Ucler Kisa, Jonathan Oppong, Adem Akkurt, Mustafa Ogden, Bulent Bakar
OBJECTIVES: No valid treatment modality that will repair stroke damage and provide neurological recovery has yet been identified in literature. Studies demonstrated that adequate quality of life could be provided if post-stroke pain could be treated sufficiently and timely. Besides its pain relief effects, tramadol has oedema-reducing and anti-inflammatory properties. With these in mind, this study investigated the influence of tramadol in acute and/or chronic ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury...
May 24, 2018: Neurological Research
Jakob Zinsstag, Lisa Crump, Esther Schelling, Jan Hattendorf, Yahya Osman Maidane, Kadra Osman Ali, Abdifatah Muhummed, Abdurezak Adem Umer, Ferzua Aliyi, Faisal Nooh, Mohammed Ibrahim Abdikadir, Seid Mohammed Ali, Stella Hartinger, Daniel Mäusezahl, Monica Berger Gonzalez de White, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Danilo Alvarez Castillo, John McCracken, Fayiz Abakar, Colin Cercamondi, Sandro Emmenegger, Edith Maier, Simon Karanja, Isabelle Bolon, Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda, Bassirou Bonfoh, Rea Tschopp, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Guéladio Cissé
The journal The Lancet recently published a countdown on health and climate change. Attention was focused solely on humans. However, animals, including wildlife, livestock and pets, may also be impacted by climate change. Complementary to the high relevance of awareness rising for protecting humans against climate change, here we present a One Health approach, which aims at the simultaneous protection of humans, animals and the environment from climate change impacts (climate change adaptation). We postulate that integrated approaches save human and animal lives and reduce costs when compared to public and animal health sectors working separately...
June 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Haluk Dinçalp, Gözde Murat Saltan, Ceylan Zafer, Adem Mutlu
Five isoindigo-based donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) type small molecules have been synthesized in order to investigate their intramolecular charge transfer characteristics. UV-vis absorption of these dyes exhibits a wide absorption band ranging from 300 to 650 nm with two distinct bands, giving the narrow bandgaps between 1.72 and 1.85 eV. Taking into account their HOMO-LUMO energy levels and bandgaps, isoindigo dyes have been used in the active layer of organic solar cell (OSC) devices. When these small molecule semiconductors were used as acceptors with the donor poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl (P3HT) polymer in the inverted OSC devices, the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) was obtained as 0...
May 19, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
M Rebecca O'Connor, Ali Adem, Helene Starks
PURPOSE: This study sought to gain a greater understanding of perceptions related to barriers/facilitators for pediatric (ages 0-17) clinical research participation among East African immigrant community members. DESIGN AND METHODS: Community leader interviews (n = 6) and focus groups with lay members (n = 16) from the three largest East African communities in the Seattle area (Eritrean, Ethiopian and Somali) were conducted. Discussions were semi-structured based on existing barrier/facilitator research and analyzed using directed content analysis to identify major themes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Yong Chen, Fubao Ma, Yuanling Xu, Xuhua Chu, Jinlin Zhang
BACKGROUND: It is important to examine the risk of Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) after vaccination. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study between January 2011 and December 2015. Four controls per case were matched for age, gender, address. An independent expert committee validated the diagnoses of cases and controls. Data on vaccinations were obtained from computerized vaccination records. The analyses were conducted with the use of conditional logistic regression...
May 18, 2018: Vaccine
Deniz Abat, Yıldırım Bayazıt, Arbil Açıkalın, Kenan Dağlıoğlu, Ebru Dündar Yenilmez, Adem Altunkol, Şeyda Erdoğan, Abdullah Tuli
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of Rolipram, a selective phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, on testicular torsion - detorsion injury. METHODS: Sixty young male rats were divided into five groups. In each group, the right testes of six rats were removed four hours after detorsion for biochemical analysis, and the right testes of the remaining six rats were removed 24 h after detorsion for pathological analysis. In group 1 (sham-operated) right orchiectomy was performed without torsion, and right testes were sent to the laboratory for biochemical and pathologic analyses...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Asiyeh Salehi, Carolyn Ehrlich, Elizabeth Kendall, Adem Sav
BACKGROUND: Social networks are known to have a major influence on the recovery journey of people with severe mental illness (SMI). AIMS: To understand the role of bonding and bridging social capital in the recovery process following SMI and to identify the barriers that prevent social networks from being mobilized. METHOD: A review of major electronic databases for qualitative studies from 2006 to 2015 (41 papers) was undertaken for thematic synthesis...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Adem Yüksel, Erdal Birol Bostancı, Muhammet Kadri Çolakoğlu, Murat Ulaş, İlter Özer, Kerem Karaman, Musa Akoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality after distal pancreatectomy (DP). The aim of the present study is to determine the risk factors that can lead to POPF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted between January 2008 and December 2012. A total of 96 patients who underwent DP were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, 24 patients (25%) underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and 72 patients (75%) open surgery...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Gonul Aciksari, Murat Kavas, Adem Atici, Seref Kul, Hayriye Erman, Yusuf Yilmaz, Kenan Demircioglu, Emre Yalcinkaya, Asiye Kanbay, Mustafa Caliskan
A systemic inflammatory reaction is a common feature of both sarcoidosis and atherosclerosis. Endothelial-cell specific molecule 1 (endocan) is a marker of vascular pathology which also shows a correlation with inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and atherosclerosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the vascular involvement in sarcoidosis using serum endocan levels and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), a marker of endothelial dysfunction. We included 53 patients with sarcoidosis without conventional cardiovascular risk factors and 40 healthy controls...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
Magnus S Boesen, Morten Blinkenberg, Nils Koch-Henriksen, Lau C Thygesen, Peter V Uldall, Melinda Magyari, Alfred P Born
AIM: The International Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group (IPMSSG) has proposed criteria for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) not evaluated in clinical practice. Our objective was to assess epidemiological implications of the IPMSSG criteria for ADEM in a cohort study using prospectively collected data. METHOD: We identified all diagnosed cases of ADEM in Denmark between 2008 and 2015 from the Danish National Patient Register by International Classification of Diseases 10 codes assigned to acute demyelinating episodes, and we reviewed all medical records to validate ADEM...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Sara S McMillan, Michelle A King, Helen Stapleton, Adem Sav, Fiona Kelly, Amanda J Wheeler
OBJECTIVES: Unpaid carers have many and varied responsibilities in society, which can include medication management for the person they support. However, the potential for Australian community pharmacies to better assist carers is relatively unexplored. This mixed-methods study investigated the acceptability of a local carer support service by trained community pharmacy staff, including issues regarding the implementation and impact of this service. METHODS: Staff from 11 community pharmacies in South East Queensland, Australia, were trained to deliver a six-step carer support service between September 2016 and March 2017...
May 6, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Dániel Sandi, Edit Bereg, Tamás Biernacki, Erika Vörös, Péter Klivényi, Csaba Bereczki, László Vécsei, Krisztina Bencsik
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the autoimmune, neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Typically, it affects the young adult population, however, up to 10% of the cases, it can develop in childhood. Atypical manifestations, such as the tumefactive variant (tMS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), especially coupled with fulminant disease course, are even more rare and pose a considerable differential diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Recently, the therapeutic strategy on the use of disease modifying therapies (DMTs) in MS has shifted to the direction of a more individualized approach, that takes the personal differences heavily into account, in particular regard to the activity and prognosis of the disease...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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