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subdural hematoma

Yujia Zhou, Gesheng Wang, Jialin Liu, Yong Du, Lei Wang, Xiaoyong Wang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of medical adhesive glue for tension-reduced duraplasty in decompressive craniotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 56 cases were enrolled for this study from Jan 2013 to May 2015. All patients underwent decompressive craniotomy and the dura was repaired in all of them with tension-reduced duraplasty using the COMPONT medical adhesive to glue artificial dura together. The postoperative complications and the healing of dura mater were observed and recorded...
October 14, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Sebastian Pollandt, Bichun Ouyang, Thomas P Bleck, Katharina M Busl
PURPOSE: Subdural hematomas (SDH) are associated with seizures and epileptiform discharges, but little is known about the prevalence and impact of seizures, status epilepticus and epileptiform discharges on outcomes in patients with isolated acute SDH (aSDH). METHODS: Continuous EEG reports from 76 adult patients admitted to Rush University Medical Center with aSDH between 01/2009 and 03/2012 were reviewed. Clinical and radiographic findings, comorbidities, treatment, and outcome parameters mortality, discharge destination, need for tracheostomy/percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement and length of stay (LOS) were assessed...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi, Zhou Feng, Zhi Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Cheng-Ta Hsieh, I-Chang Su, Szu-Kai Hsu, Chih-Ta Huang, Foot-Juh Lian, Chih-Ju Chang
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common neurological diseases. However, bilateral CSDH is more infrequent than unilateral CSDH, and the clinical and radiological characteristics are not well-defined. We aimed to investigate the clinical and radiological differences between bilateral and unilateral CSDH. A retrospective study was performed on 75 surgically-treated CSDH patients from January 2011 to December 2015. These patients were divided into unilateral and bilateral CSDH groups. The clinical features, radiological findings, surgical outcome, occurrence of postoperative intracranial bleeding, and recurrence were analyzed...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Samuel Lapalme-Remis, Gregory D Cascino
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses structural and functional neuroimaging findings in patients with seizures and epilepsy. The indications for neuroimaging in these patients and the potential diagnostic utility of these studies are presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients presenting with new seizures typically require urgent imaging to rule out a critical underlying cause. MRI is the structural neuroimaging procedure of choice in individuals with epilepsy. Specific epilepsy protocols should be considered to increase the diagnostic yield of neuroimaging in patients with structural lesions associated with focal or generalized seizures...
October 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Jacob R Joseph, Brandon W Smith, Hugh J L Garton
Blunt prenatal trauma is known to have consequences to the developing brain, and can result in subdural hematoma (SDH) or epidural hematoma (EDH). The authors present a case of blunt prenatal trauma resulting in a fetal SDH, intraparenchymal hematoma, and intraventricular hemorrhage, and perform a systematic review of the literature. This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Relevant studies (up to April 2016) that reported on cases of fetal SDH or EDH after blunt prenatal trauma were identified from the PubMed database...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Stefan Candefjord, Johan Winges, Ahzaz Ahmad Malik, Yinan Yu, Thomas Rylander, Tomas McKelvey, Andreas Fhager, Mikael Elam, Mikael Persson
Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and severe disability for young people and a major public health problem for elderly. Many patients with intracranial bleeding are treated too late, because they initially show no symptoms of severe injury and are not transported to a trauma center. There is a need for a method to detect intracranial bleedings in the prehospital setting. In this study, we investigate whether broadband microwave technology (MWT) in conjunction with a diagnostic algorithm can detect subdural hematoma (SDH)...
October 13, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 303 in vol. 10, PMID: 27445673.].
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
B Hohberger, R Trollmann, O Rompel, P Gölitz, G-C Gusek-Schneider
Amusement park injuries have become more common in recent years. Especially neurological symptoms dominate clinical findings. In this article, the case of a 15-year-old child with homonymous hemianopia due to an atypical intracranial bleeding with subdural hematoma after a giant swing ride is described for the first time.
October 11, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
S Balamurugan, S Sureshkanna, S R Subramanian, N Kalaisezhian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jung Ju Choi, Hong Soon Kim, Kyung Cheon Lee, Hojin Hur, Youn Yi Jo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess whether preanesthetic laboratory values can predict in-hospital mortality and morbidity in patients who have undergone burr hole craniostomy due to chronic subdural hematoma. METHODS: From January 2007 to February 2016, the records of 502 consecutive patients who underwent burr hole craniotomy were analyzed. All cases of burr hole craniostomy were fitted with a drain, as required by our institutional protocol. RESULTS: Patients' demographic data and preoperative laboratory values were subjected to logistic regression analysis to predict in-hospital mortality and morbidity after burr hole craniostomy...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Chen L, Dong L, Wang Xd, Zhang Hz, Wei M, She L
A 72-year-old man with bilateral chronic subdural hematomas was admitted to our department and treated using a YL-1 type hematoma aspiration needle. The treatment was complicated by hemorrhage of the basal ganglia and brain stem. This patient had no history of hypertension. We evaluated the relevant literature to analyze the causes of cerebral hemorrhage in similar patients. This case report illustrates that the stability of the intracranial pressure should be closely monitored during the surgical treatment of chronic subdural hematomas, and large fluctuations in the cerebral perfusion pressure should be avoided during the operation...
October 1, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Bora Gürer, Hayri Kertmen, Habibullah Dolgun, Zeki Sekerci
Cerebral cortical contusions are one of the most common computed tomography findings in head-injured patients and common sequel of traumatic brain injury. These contusions tend to show a progressive increase in mass effect on repeated imaging, most small contusions do not require surgical evacuation. However, progression to subdural hematoma (SDH) in a late aspect is unique. Here we present a 71-year-old man with bifrontal contusion, who deteriorated 43 days after initial trauma with sudden onset of acute SDH...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Yad R Yadav, Vijay Parihar, Hemant Namdev, Jitin Bajaj
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common neurosurgical conditions. There is lack of uniformity in the treatment of CSDH amongst surgeons in terms of various treatment strategies. Clinical presentation may vary from no symptoms to unconsciousness. CSDH is usually diagnosed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is more sensitive in the diagnosis of bilateral isodense CSDH, multiple loculations, intrahematoma membranes, fresh bleeding, hemolysis, and the size of capsule...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Leigh A Rettenmaier, Brian J Park, Marshall T Holland, Youssef J Hamade, Shuchita Garg, Rahul Rastogi, Chandan G Reddy
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a more common than previously noted condition (1-2.5 per 50,000) typically caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Initial treatment involves conservative therapies, but the mainstay of treatment for patients who fail conservative management is the epidural blood patch (EBP). Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a common complication occurring with SIH, but its management remains controversial. In this report, we discuss a 62-year-old female who presented with a 5-week history of orthostatic headaches associated with nausea, emesis, and neck pain...
September 27, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Nicholas J Olson, Donna Robert, Amin A Hedayat, Xiaoying Liu, Deborah L Ornstein
Factor V inhibitors are rare and have varied clinical presentations. We report on a 76-year-old female admitted to the hospital for pneumonia and treated with multiple antibiotics. Her baseline prothrombin time was 15.6 s and the activated partial thromboplastin time was 35 s. On admission day 10, she developed arm weakness and brain imaging showed a subdural hematoma. The prothrombin time was now 59.1 s with an activated partial thromboplastin time of more than 160 s and a normal thrombin time. A mixing study did not correct the clotting times and coagulation factor assays showed a nonspecific inhibition pattern...
September 24, 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
J H Chen, X Q Liu, R Huang, Y Zhou, Z Liu, X H Shi, X Chen
Objective: To investigate the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, imaging features and prognosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Methods: Clinical manifestation and imaging changes of 12 patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension were reported. They were followed up regularly. The clinical and neuroimaging characteristics were summarized. Results: All the 12 cases were adults, presenting with orthostatic headache. They all recovered with conservative therapy. Head MRI demonstrated cerebral lobe hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, pituitary hyperemia, subarachnoid hemorrhage, enhancement of the pachymeninges, sagging of the brain, etc...
September 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Rodolfo Savica, Alexandra M V Wennberg, Clinton Hagen, Kelly Edwards, Rosebud O Roberts, John H Hollman, David S Knopman, Bradley F Boeve, Mary M Machulda, Ronald C Petersen, Michelle M Mielke
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that slower gait speed might predict cognitive impairment and dementing illnesses, supporting the role of gait speed as a possible subclinical marker of cognitive impairment. However, the predictive value of other gait parameters for cognitive decline is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the association with, and prediction of, specific gait parameters for cognition in a population-based sample. METHODS: The analysis included 3,426 cognitively normal participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Eelco F M Wijdicks
BACKGROUND: Intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) are rare complications of spine surgery, thought to be precipitated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hypotension in the setting of an intraoperative durotomy or postoperative CSF leak. Considerable clinical variability has been reported, requiring a high level of clinical suspicion in patients with a new, unexplained neurologic deficit after spine surgery. METHODS: Case report...
September 22, 2016: Neurocritical Care
Christine Vien, Paul Marovic, Brendan Ingram
Inadvertent dural puncture during epidural anesthesia leads to intracranial hypotension, which if left unnoticed can cause life-threatening subdural hematomas or cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The highly variable presentation of intracranial hypotension hinders timely diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of a young laboring adult female, who developed subdural hygromas and a subdural hematoma following unintentional dural puncture during initiation of epidural anesthesia.
2016: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
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