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Phenomenology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160480/possibilities-of-care-for-serodiscordant-couples-for-hiv-who-got-pregnant
#1
Tassiane Ferreira Langendorf, Ivis Emília de Oliveira Souza, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin, Cristiane Cardoso de Paula, Ana Beatriz Azevedo Queiroz, Maria Aparecida Vasconcelos Moura, Maria Carmen Simões Cardoso de Melo, Lúcia de Fatima da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the meaning of pregnancy for heterosexual couples facing serodiscordant situation for HIV, aiming at construction of care possibilities based on subjectivity. METHOD: Phenomenological research, theoretical-philosophical-methodological framework by Martin Heidegger. Research was conducted in a University Hospital in the countryside of Southern Brazil, from September 2013 to May 2014 through a phenomenological interview, with participation of eleven couples...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160112/the-human-right-to-communicate-and-our-need-to-listen-learning-from-people-with-a-history-of-childhood-communication-disorder
#2
Jane McCormack, Elise Baker, Kathryn Crowe
PURPOSE: In 2013, the Australian Government Senate formed a committee for inquiry and report into the prevalence of speech, language, and communication disorders and speech pathology services in Australia. Submissions were sought from individuals and organisations. In this paper, submissions made by individuals with a history of childhood communication disorder were examined to explore their life experiences and the impact on their lives when the right to communicate could not be enacted...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159874/meta-synthesis-on-migraine-management
#3
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Lita Anglin, Alexandra Boubour, Allison Squires, Linda Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the top 10 most disabling conditions among adults worldwide. Most migraine research is quantitative and indicates concerns about medication adherence, stigma, and more. Qualitative studies might reveal an improved understanding of migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative research on migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment to (a) identify common patterns across various types of migraine treatment studies and (b) inform future research...
November 21, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159544/-yeah-that-made-a-big-difference-the-importance-of-the-relationship-between-health-professionals-and-fathers-who-have-a-child-with-down-syndrome
#4
Freyja Docherty, Rebecca Dimond
Evidence suggests that medical services do not reflect the increased involvement of fathers in childcare, a discrepancy that can often lead to feelings of exclusion and inequality. Fathers who have a child with Down syndrome may encounter many different health professionals during their child's life, therefore it is important to consider this relationship, and investigate the factors that influence their experiences. This is particularly important because the limited research focusing on fathers suggest that those who have a child with Down syndrome can experience increased stress levels and lasting feelings of loss and grief...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157098/meanings-of-living-in-lodgings-during-senior-high-school
#5
Wenche Wannebo, Siri Andreassen Devik, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
Studies show that senior high school students living in lodgings (away from home) when attending high school are vulnerable to stress and mental health problems. Moving away from home at the age of 15-16 is a transition that might affect adolescents' well-being. The aim of this study is to explore the experience of living in lodgings during senior high school. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 Norwegian lodgers of both genders between the ages of 16-18. Interviews were analyzed according to a phenomenological hermeneutical approach...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156361/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-referred-adolescents-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-cyclothymic-hypersensitive-temperament
#6
Gabriele Masi, Annarita Milone, Anna Rita Montesanto, Elena Valente, Simone Pisano
BACKGROUND: Non suicidal self-injuries (NSSIs) are deliberate self-harm behaviors without suicidal intent, usually starting in adolescence, with increasing rates of occurrence both in epidemiological and clinical samples. Several studies associated cyclothymic-hypersensitive temperament (CHT) with self-harm behaviors and suicidal risk. Aim of this study is to explore the association between NSSIs and CHT in a clinical sample of adolescents. We hypothesized that CHT may differentiate NSSI from non-NSSI adolescents with mood disorders, when other psychopathological features are controlled for...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156354/anisotropic-and-nonlinear-biaxial-mechanical-response-of-porcine-small-bowel-mesentery
#7
Keyvan Amini Khoiy, Sophia Abdulhai, Ian C Glenn, Todd A Ponsky, Rouzbeh Amini
Intestinal malrotation places pediatric patients at the risk of midgut volvulus, a complication that can lead to ischemic bowel, short gut syndrome, and even death. Even though the treatments for symptomatic patients of this complication are clear, it is still a challenge to identify asymptomatic patients who are at a higher risk of midgut volvulus and decide on a suitable course of treatment. Development of an accurate computerized model of this intestinal abnormality could help in gaining a better understanding of its integral behavior...
November 11, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156296/associations-between-severity-of-anxiety-and-clinical-and-biological-features-of-major-affective-disorders
#8
Fernanda Liboni Cavicchioli, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, George Anderson, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
Patients with major affective disorders (MAFD) with comorbid anxiety show a greater functional impairment than those without anxiety. The aim of this study is to delineate the associations between severity of anxiety in MAFD, namely bipolar disorder (BD) and major depression (MDD), and MAFD characteristics and serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels. Recruited were 82 participants with anxiety disoders and 83 without anxiety disoders, including 101 MAFD patients and 51 healthy controls. We used the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) to measure severity of anxiety and made the diagnoses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder (PD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and phobias...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156216/covert-retrieval-in-working-memory-impacts-the-phenomenological-characteristics-remembered-during-episodic-memory
#9
Vanessa M Loaiza, Borislava M Borovanska
Much research has investigated the qualitative experience of retrieving events from episodic memory (EM). The present study investigated whether covert retrieval in WM increases the phenomenological characteristics that participants find memorable in EM using tasks that distract attention from the maintenance of memoranda (i.e., complex span; Experiment 1) relative to tasks that do not (i.e., short or long list lengths of simple span; Experiments 1 and 2). Participants rated the quality of the phonological, semantic, and temporal-contextual characteristics remembered during a delayed memory characteristics questionnaire (MCQ)...
November 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154289/subjective-reality-and-brain-topology-inversion-transformations-on-non-orientable-atomic-surfaces-of-membrane-channels
#10
Gustav Bernroider
Subject-object relations reflect the relation of phenomenology and physics and are at the centre of interest in brain research and neuro-psychology. The unresolved dichotomy behind this relation is one of the most challenging questions of our time. Setting out from causal modelling I suggest a particular topology for subject-object relations and argue that we can find a physical realization in living organism that provides a continuous transform between both domains. In a geometrical metaphor this transform has the topological properties of a one-sided surface or non-orientable flat...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153009/mothers-perspectives-on-the-lived-experience-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-and-challenging-behaviour
#11
Joann Kiernan, Duncan Mitchell, Jois Stansfield, Carol Taylor
Children with intellectual disability and behavioural needs (challenging behaviour) are vulnerable to exclusion from services and communities. The situation is exacerbated by difficulties in accessing appropriate support and services to effectively meet the needs of children and carers. Family perspectives on the 'lived experience' of children can provide insight into how behavioural needs can affect their ability to access everyday experiences. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with mothers of children with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviours...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151108/a-phenomenological-account-of-sensorimotor-difficulties-in-autism-intentionality-movement-and-proprioception
#12
Till D A Grohmann
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The "enactive approach" as well as a new "movement perspective" to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere "cognitive" disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can extract knowledge and organize it rationally...
November 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151094/glossolalia-and-aphasia-related-but-different-worlds
#13
Leila Chouiter, Jean-Marie Annoni
The word glossolalia, also referred to as "speaking in tongues," originates from the Greek "glossa" which means "language" and "Lalia" which means "speak." It simply means to talk language. On a linguistic perspective, glossolalia is characterized by almost no recognizable words or semantic content, apart from biblical words and phrases, with an overrepresentation of a small phonemes number, accelerated speech output, and modification of accents and melody. Its phonemic properties have been said to resemble those of the language(s) of the speaker...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150148/-family-socioeconomic-status-and-health-services-clues-to-health-care-in-diabetic-patients-with-lower-limb-amputations-in-andalusia-a-qualitative-study
#14
Gabriel Jesús Rodríguez, Juan Antonio Córdoba-Doña, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar, Manuel Aguilar-Diosdado, Isabel Goicolea
AIM: To examine the experience of diabetic care in patients undergoing lower limb amputation. DESIGN: A qualitative study using the phenomenological approach. SETTING: Cadiz Health District. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16 patients (11 men and 5 women) diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2 and with non-traumatic lower limb amputation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were performed, followed by a content analysis according Graneheim and Lundman...
November 14, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149812/architectures-and-mechanical-properties-of-drugs-and-complexes-of-surface-active-compounds-at-air-water-and-oil-water-interfaces
#15
Dipak K Sarker
BACKGROUND: Drugs can represents a multitude of compounds from proteins and peptides, such as growth hormones and insulin and on to simple organic molecules such as flurbiprofen, ibuprofen and lidocaine. Given the chemical nature of these compounds two features are always present. A portion or portions of the molecule that has little affinity for apolar surfaces and media and the opposite a series of part or one large part that has considerable affinity for hydrophilic, polar or charged media and surfaces...
November 17, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149499/being-there-and-reconnecting-midwives-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-training-on-their-practice
#16
Louise Hunter, Sarah Snow, Sian Warriner
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain how midwives perceived attending a mindfulness course impacted on their professional practice, particularly in regard to any stress they experienced at work. DESIGN: A qualitative study using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine midwives. SETTING: A large maternity Trust in the United Kingdom. INTERVENTION: An eight-week Mindfulness course, adapted from Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149463/need-of-support-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
L Ali, A Fors, I Ekman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe peoples' experiences and expectations of support when living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHOD: We conducted and analysed face-to-face or telephone interviews with 17 individuals (aged 44-77 years) diagnosed with COPD. The interviewer asked open-ended questions aimed at encouraging further narration, and we analysed the participants' narratives using a phenomenological hermeneutical approach...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148980/-just-don-t-be-creepy-a-phenomenological-study-of-the-experiences-of-men-in-massage-therapy
#18
Amanda Baskwill, Meredith Vanstone
Background Societal expectations around traditional binary gender roles result in some professions being considered "men's work" or "women's work". Massage therapy (MT) is one such profession that, despite being predominantly female, is joined by an increasing number of men with a desire to help others. Methods This descriptive phenomenological study asked male massage therapists in Ontario, Canada, about their experience of gender in their professional lives. Fourteen men shared their experiences of practice, which included discriminatory hiring and patient preferences for female practitioners...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148620/perceptions-of-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#19
Lesley Cooper, Louisa Ells, Cormac Ryan, Denis Martin
AIMS: To gain insight into the lived experience of adults with overweight/obesity and chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). Knowledge gained will inform healthcare professionals about the complexity of the weight-pain relationship and enable more effective engagement with this population BACKGROUND: Quantitative studies show links between weight and pain. Adults with overweight/obesity are more likely to experience comorbidity however, qualitative research describing the complexities of the relationship is limited...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148147/altered-n170-and-mood-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder-an-electrophysiological-study-of-configural-face-processing
#20
Ivy F Tso, Tyler B Grove, Savanna A Mueller, Lisa O'Donnell, Jinsoo Chun, Melvin G McInnis, Patricia J Deldin
OBJECTIVES: Altered social behavior during mood episodes in bipolar disorder often has detrimental and long-lasting interpersonal consequences. Abnormal face processing may play a role in linking brain functions to clinical symptoms and behavior. This study aimed to understand configural face processing in bipolar disorder as a function of basic communicative attributes of the face and mood symptoms using event-related brain potentials (ERPs). METHODS: Forty-two participants with bipolar I disorder (BP) and 43 healthy controls (HC) viewed face stimuli varying in emotion (neutral or fearful), head orientation (forward or deviated), and gaze direction (direct or averted) while ERPs were recorded...
November 17, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
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