keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioural economics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634374/behavioural-responses-to-potential-dispersal-cues-in-two-economically-important-species-of-cereal-feeding-eriophyid-mites
#1
Agnieszka Kiedrowicz, Lechosław Kuczyński, Mariusz Lewandowski, Heather Proctor, Anna Skoracka
Passively dispersing organisms should optimise the time and direction of dispersal by employing behaviours that increase their probability of being successfully transported by dispersal agents. We rigorously tested whether two agriculturally important passively-dispersing eriophyoid species, wheat curl mite (WCM) and cereal rust mite (CRM), display behaviours indicating their readiness to depart from current host plants in the presence of potential dispersal cues: wind, an insect vector and presence of a fresh plant...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626827/the-effect-of-rapid-privatisation-on-mortality-in-mono-industrial-towns-in-post-soviet-russia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Aytalina Azarova, Darja Irdam, Alexi Gugushvili, Mihaly Fazekas, Gábor Scheiring, Pia Horvat, Denes Stefler, Irina Kolesnikova, Vladimir Popov, Ivan Szelenyi, David Stuckler, Michael Marmot, Michael Murphy, Martin McKee, Martin Bobak, Lawrence King
BACKGROUND: Population-level data suggest that economic disruptions in the early 1990s increased working-age male mortality in post-Soviet countries. This study uses individual-level data, using an indirect estimation method, to test the hypothesis that fast privatisation increased mortality in Russia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we surveyed surviving relatives of individuals who lived through the post-communist transition to retrieve demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their parents, siblings, and male partners...
May 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625227/a-brief-review-of-salient-factors-influencing-adult-eating-behaviour
#4
Christine Emilien, James H Hollis
A better understanding of the factors that influence eating behaviour is of importance as our food choices are associated with the risk of developing chronic diseases such as obesity, CVD, type 2 diabetes or some forms of cancer. In addition, accumulating evidence suggests that the industrial food production system is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emission and may be unsustainable. Therefore, our food choices may also contribute to climate change. By identifying the factors that influence eating behaviour new interventions may be developed, at the individual or population level, to modify eating behaviour and contribute to society's health and environmental goals...
June 19, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625191/attraction-and-consumption-of-methyl-eugenol-by-male-bactrocera-umbrosa-fabricius-diptera-tephritidae-promotes-conspecific-sexual-communication-and-mating-performance
#5
S L Wee, M Z Abdul Munir, A K W Hee
The Artocarpus fruit fly, Bactrocera umbrosa (Fabricius) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an oligophagous fruit pest infesting Moraceae fruits, including jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamarck), a fruit commodity of high value in Malaysia. The scarcity of fundamental biological, physiological and ecological information on this pest, particularly in relation to behavioural response to phytochemical lures, which are instrumental to the success of many area-wide fruit fly control and management programmes, underpins the need for studies on this much-underrated pest...
June 19, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622485/the-nature-of-whiplash-in-a-compensable-environment-injury-disability-rehabilitation-and-compensation-systems
#6
Luke B Connelly
Synopsis Whiplash is a compensable injury in many jurisdictions, but there is considerable heterogeneity in the compensation arrangements that apply across jurisdictions, even within some countries. These schemes have, however, been subject to a common set of inter-related concerns, chiefly concerning the incentives, behaviours, and outcomes that may arise when financial compensation for injuries is available to injured parties. This article provides a non-technical overview of some of those concerns through the lens of economics: principally, insurance economics and health economics, including related subsets such as information economics and agency theory, as well as economics and the law...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620959/parental-disease-prevention-health-beliefs-and-triggers-for-keeping-children-home-from-childcare-a-qualitative-study-in-sydney-australia
#7
C L King, J Leask
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases cause considerable morbidity and mortality in children less than 5 years of age. Children attending childcare centres are at increased risk of contracting infections. It is of public health interest to understand what triggers and underpins parental decisions to send an unwell child to childcare, with the obvious attendant risks to other children and childcare staff as well as the affected child. This study aimed to examine parents' disease prevention health beliefs and practices with a particular focus on how these factors influence childcare attendance decisions...
June 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620268/towards-the-genetic-control-of-invasive-species
#8
Tim Harvey-Samuel, Thomas Ant, Luke Alphey
Invasive species remain one of the greatest threats to global biodiversity. Their control would be enhanced through the development of more effective and sustainable pest management strategies. Recently, a novel form of genetic pest management (GPM) has been developed in which the mating behaviour of insect pests is exploited to introduce genetically engineered DNA sequences into wild conspecific populations. These 'transgenes' work in one or more ways to reduce the damage caused by a particular pest, for example reducing its density, or its ability to vector disease...
2017: Biological Invasions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618914/role-of-the-polypill-for-secondary-prevention-in-ischaemic-heart-disease
#9
José M Castellano, Valentín Fuster, Catriona Jennings, Eva Prescott, Héctor Bueno
In 2011, for the first time in the history of humankind, non-communicable diseases became the leading cause of death worldwide. This change in trend is obviously multifactorial and very complex, as it is the paradoxical result of social, economic and health system growth worldwide. Vaccination and infectious diseases control, changing dietary habits worldwide, sedentary behaviour, globalisation, industrialisation (resulting in a shift from manual to sedentary labour), tobacco and sugary beverage surges in low- and middle-income countries and rapid urbanisation have all played a role in this epidemic transition...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615082/differential-responses-in-first-birth-behaviour-to-economic-recession-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
Mark Lyons-Amos, Ingrid Schoon
Economic conditions have dramatic influences on fertility. This paper evaluates the effect of the 2008 'Great Recession' in the UK on first birth rate, which is the fertility behaviour most susceptible to external economic conditions. The key aim of the study was to assess the effect of the recession on fertility by individual-level characteristics, enabling variation in responses to economic hardship to be observed. Data were from the nationally representative UK Household Longitudinal Study (UK-HLS). Cumulative transition models were used to model the probability of first birth for women between the ages of 17 and 30 in three UK birth cohorts...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612979/research-and-practice-for-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-national-survey-of-early-intervention-in-psychosis-services-in-england
#11
Helen J Stain, Lauren Mawn, Stephanie Common, Marie Pilton, Andrew Thompson
BACKGROUND: Evidence from meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials show interventions for young people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis are effective both clinically and economically. While research evidence has begun to be integrated into clinical guidelines, there is a lack of research on the implementation of these guidelines. This paper examines service provision for UHR individuals in accordance with current clinical guidelines within the National Health Service (NHS) in England...
June 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611410/politeness-and-compassion-differentially-predict-adherence-to-fairness-norms-and-interventions-to-norm-violations-in-economic-games
#12
Kun Zhao, Eamonn Ferguson, Luke D Smillie
Adherence to norms and interventions to norm violations are two important forms of social behaviour modelled in economic games. While both appear to serve a prosocial function, they may represent separate mechanisms corresponding with distinct emotional and psychological antecedents, and thus may be predicted by different personality traits. In this study, we compared adherence to fairness norms in the dictator game with responses to violations of the same norms in third-party punishment and recompensation games with respect to prosocial traits from the Big Five and HEXACO models of personality...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608706/stability-analysis-on-an-economic-epidemiological-model-with-vaccination-pages-and
#13
Wisdom S Avusuglo, Kenzu Abdella, Wenying Feng
In this paper, an economic epidemiological model with vaccination is studied. The stability of the endemic steady-state is analyzed and some bifurcation properties of the system are investigated. It is established that the system exhibits saddle-point and period-doubling bifurcations when adult susceptible individuals are vaccinated. Furthermore, it is shown that susceptible individuals also have the tendency of opting for more number of contacts even if the vaccine is inefficacious and thus causes the disease endemic to increase in the long run...
August 1, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605640/linking-primary-study-data-with-administrative-and-claims-data-in-a-german-cohort-study-on-work-age-health-and-work-participation-is-there-a-consent-bias
#14
C Stallmann, E Swart, B-P Robra, S March
OBJECTIVES: We analysed the degree and impact of consent bias in the prospective study 'leben in der Arbeit (lidA)' after linking primary interview data with claims data from German statutory health insurance funds as well as with administrative data provided by the German Federal Employment Agency. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Within two study waves (2011, 2014) primary data were collected based on computer-assisted personal interviews...
June 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604810/fathers-perspectives-on-the-diets-and-physical-activity-behaviours-of-their-young-children
#15
Adam D Walsh, Kylie D Hesketh, Paige van der Pligt, Adrian J Cameron, David Crawford, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Children's learning about food and physical activity is considerable during their formative years, with parental influence pivotal. Research has focused predominantly on maternal influences with little known about the relationships between fathers' and young children's dietary and physical activity behaviours. A greater understanding of paternal beliefs regarding young children's dietary and physical activity behaviours is important to inform the design and delivery of child-focussed health promotion interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599815/why-bother-about-health-a-study-on-the-factors-that-influence-health-information-seeking-behaviour-among-malaysian-healthcare-consumers
#16
Noor Ismawati Jaafar, Sulaiman Ainin, Mun Wai Yeong
BACKGROUND: The general improvement of socio-economic conditions has resulted in people becoming more educated to make better-informed decisions in health related matters. Individual's perspective on health increases with better understanding of ways to improve lifestyle for better health and living. With the increase in lifestyle related diseases that lead to health problems, there is an increase in the availability of healthcare information. Thus, it is important to identify the factors that influence information seeking behaviour in the area of healthcare and lifestyle...
August 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598194/the-use-of-neurocomputational-models-as-alternatives-to-animal-models-in-the-development-of-electrical-brain-stimulation-treatments
#17
Anne Beuter
Recent publications call for more animal models to be used and more experiments to be performed, in order to better understand the mechanisms of neurodegenerative disorders, to improve human health, and to develop new brain stimulation treatments. In response to these calls, some limitations of the current animal models are examined by using Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in Parkinson's disease as an illustrative example. Without focusing on the arguments for or against animal experimentation, or on the history of DBS, the present paper argues that given recent technological and theoretical advances, the time has come to consider bioinspired computational modelling as a valid alternative to animal models, in order to design the next generation of human brain stimulation treatments...
May 2017: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596129/sync-to-link-endorphin-mediated-synchrony-effects-on-cooperation
#18
Martin Lang, Vladimír Bahna, John H Shaver, Paul Reddish, Dimitris Xygalatas
Behavioural synchronization has been shown to facilitate social bonding and cooperation but the mechanisms through which such effects are attained are poorly understood. In the current study, participants interacted with a pre-recorded confederate who exhibited different rates of synchrony, and we investigated three mechanisms for the effects of synchrony on likeability and trusting behaviour: self-other overlap, perceived cooperation, and opioid system activation measured via pain threshold. We show that engaging in highly synchronous behaviour activates all three mechanisms, and that these mechanisms mediate the effects of synchrony on liking and investment in a Trust Game...
June 6, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595618/the-prevalence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-portugal-the-pormets-study
#19
Luís Raposo, Milton Severo, Henrique Barros, Ana Cristina Santos
BACKGROUND: The PORMETS study was designed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its determinants in the overall and administrative regions of the Portuguese mainland. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a representative sample of non-institutionalized Portuguese adults selected from primary health care centres lists including 1695 men and 2309 women was conducted from February 2007 to July 2009. A structured questionnaire was administered, collecting information on personal medical history and socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591428/does-disestablishment-lead-to-religious-vitality-the-case-of-switzerland
#20
Jörg Stolz, Mark Chaves
Economists and sociologists of religion have claimed that religious establishment dampens religious vitality, leading to lower recruitment efforts, low attendance, declining membership within established congregations, and the 'crowding out' of non-established congregations. Conversely, these authors have told us, disestablishment will lead to more religious vitality. Remarkably, even though these claims rest on the connection between establishment and the organizational and membership behaviour of local religious congregations, no research has directly examined that connection...
June 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
keyword
keyword
15246
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"